Echoes from Surah at-Tawbah
Channel: Mohammad Elshinawy
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We begin the name of God all praise and glory belongs to a lovely thank him and we seek his help,
and his guidance and his question and his forgiveness. And we turn to Him, begging him for protection from ourselves from the evil whispers within ourselves and the awful consequences of our evil actions. Remember, our love guides, no one can lead us astray, and only one leaves a strain and can guide and we testify that none is worthy of our worship, our devotion, our lives and all they contain some kind of a dialogue, along with our many partners, that the Prophet
was indeed certainly His Prophet, and his servants and His Messenger.
Oh, people have email or you have believed half that's up for a lot, remain mindful of a lot of old places and old times as best you can. And do not leave this life. Do not allow this exam to end except while you are consistently riding upon that state. That state of God consciousness that state of abidance by his guidance on Mama, Mama, Mama, I mean,
we jump right into sort of the tober, the ninth surah in the ordering of the Miranda we have today. And so that tober is, as many say, are considered an extension of the previous surah. That's why we jump right into it. It's an extension of sort of landford it's more or less the same theme with a very obvious difference. So that I had spoke about the very first event with the province of Allahu alayhi wa sallam mini state had to confront unexpectedly, an army at the Battle of bid. And soon as the Toba takes place, at one of the very last battles, the prophets of Allah also have ever participated in the bathroom was terrible.
And so that tells me is the only surah in the Quran. That does not begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the grantor of mercy. Our God is one of mercy and His mercy prevails over his anger and 113 suitors of the poor and begin with a separate a separate verse reservoir we must recite them, but sort of until but doesn't it's the only exception. Why? of the reasons the scholar said is because it's an extension of the sutra before it. So it's almost like hey, wait, don't stop here. Keep going.
The second explanation they gave is because the contents of tober required the sternness language to people would steer away from the qualities of people it's about to describe. It's trying to show you there's no more time left, you almost almost are going to disqualify yourself from the mercy of a large diligent because the sort of beginnings outright the very first word Bara to minima. Freedom is being declared by Allah meaning from every obligation he has to the people, right because there's a contract between you and Allah. So it did. We spoke about it many times. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he was riding on to blind the nature of the love on this one is humility.
Can you imagine the most powerful man in the world at the time when Arabia at the time he's arriving and someone's writing right behind him? He turns into Oh moron. What is the write up on his sleeves? And he said that though he is quite, he is the most knowledgeable of human
minds on this messenger know best. He said they worship Him alone without wavering without associating any partners Omar either Do you know the right of this leaves upon Allah
the obligation Allah has towards his slaves. Of course I'd love to know anyone any an obligation he placed on himself towards us. That is from his generosity surprise. Now what he said again, a lot is messenger know best though he knew but why would you answer when the teacher is there?
He said I was obligation is right upon is the right of the slaves upon love, meaning the duty the obligation of above on his leaves is that enough punish them if they do so they worship Him alone without any partners. This surah says Allah is free of all obligations towards the machine towards those that are associated partners with him. This is the second reason why it doesn't begin with the devil. But the third reason is, this is a matter that is unclear to us. We are to believe in it the way it came down. And this would in that case be of the proofs that the Quran has been preserved, that even to that detail, the Sahaba relayed to us the poor and exactly as they heard it from the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, which is exactly as he heard it from Julian it was said on the angel, which is exactly how we earn herded uttered by the Lord of mind, so kinda wanna die.
And so, so the Toba begins, and it is one of the very last solo chapters of the Quran that was revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And the details we already mentioned some of the diseases that are about to happen to the oma right loving dunia remember the Battle of better and further they were arguing about the spoils, which later got more complicated in the battle. And they actually disobeyed after the spoils. It is speaking about what happens when that disease of dounia mutates into in the hearts
it speaks out in great great detail about the the most fatal disease and the owner of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and it exposes it. See this surah has nearly 20 names and it was described by among the early Muslims of its names that tell us you know the repentance and we'll speak about why at more length than any other name, but of its names is in Kashi fo be uncovered in uncovers things that people are starting to become completely blind to, of its names and patient. He literally means the remedy that which like gathers the disease in one place where you can spot it easy, right? It just gathers questions, right, puts it in one corner and you spot it easily, of its
name is and finally one of the names of the soldier is that the exposure that which exposes something for what it is it calls it out and exposes it because it's about to expose the most dangerous disease in the body of humans. And that is the disease of that is the disease of hypocrisy.
It discusses the mon fop, the hypocrites, and it discusses their qualities, and it discusses what they look like it discusses how they act. It discusses the very words that they say to such detail. We know we discussed them in
a very general discussion. There's minor hypocrites that are back and forth. And there are the major hypocrites that are outright disbelievers inside of them. They know that they're disbelievers, but they claim to be Muslim, right? this sutra does so in a way that is unmatched in the Quran. Great, great detail that you have to be able to pinpoint this disease. You must some of the early Muslims when they heard this, sort of they said CAD Toba and tuff behind Mona Tina vs. Matt, like a telco was so specific on the hypocrites in this surah that it almost revealed their names like and they are so and so the son of so and so. So and so the son of so and so so and so the son of so and so.
Meaning you can you were able to tell them to recognize the hypocrites by the very words that they said. So since they told us about that one, we know where you are now.
That guy saying that type of statement this person and making that transition, we know who this is, they were able to recognize them by their words. You know why? Because the moon
is hard to recognize the moon and the hypocrite by definition is unpredictable. He He's strategic. He's tactful. He tries very hard to hide his true colors. And so a lot of telegenic gave us the perfect man to be able to diagnose to say this person
Has hypocrisy inside of them. This person is acting the act of the hypocrites. You know the word network in Arabic, NASA is a tunnel, right? So the moon as it was called the moon, because he goes down from one hole and you don't know which hole is gonna come out of, he comes out with so many different faces. He's a liar in the in the most specialized sense of the word.
And yet, despite this whole long discussion, like I said, we're doing a bird's eye view of the suitor before we get to any of the AI. Even though it goes to such great lengths. The most primary name of the surah is what? Bam until the till, right? The repentance, meaning even if you have regressed to this level, even if you be whoever you may be, even if you may be a factor that was destructive to the Muslims around you, and not just yourself, if you would just please stop them. Come right back, the door of Toba is still open. And it's not even open a crack, it is open for a year to whoever. If they are to repent, this is better for them. So the harsh language is there
almost exposes them by name. But it says but if you repent, listen, it's not a joke. There's no more time left, the problem is almost over. Meaning if nothing has worked until now, most likely nothing else is going to work. You gained more and more knowledge about Islam. You've heard hope. But for how many years now you've seen miracles for how many times you see the proofs, you're still not changing. Listen, this is not a joke. But But though this sort of came down with that tough language. And the metadata even says, See, the solar came down with a sword with the sword. Right?
Despite it beginning with Barack Obama is innocent of all those that associate partners with him, it says, but so long as there's a breath left in you, the door of
so long as you're still breathing, so long as the sun hasn't risen from the west, your Toba can be accepted. But now come back after we've done that, that's the gist of the solo.
understand the importance of why the detail is there. So the elbow when it speaks about the different types of
detail, like I said, this is for us to benefit from this is for us to understand people's nature. It's not necessarily by the way to condemn everybody as hypocrites because again, the surah Above all, it's called the toe right that because you know hypocrisy is was just an accusation, hypocrites. That's it. That's all we use it for. It's an insulting expression that exists in the Quran and is condemned in the morale. So we give ourselves this judgmental authority as if we are God to be loved. And we say this person is this person is what the is speaking about indefinitely.
But of what Susan Toba does, it says yeah, you do need to know the hypocrites you do need to you have to you know what you have to do, by the way, cuz I just can't judge anybody know, the plan gave you a rubric system to judge it gives you a measuring stick, because just because you have mercy for people, and just because you are supposed to wish that these men fit these hypocrites in the room do repent, and the head of them the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam begged her not to forgive, right?
That should be our personality towards them as well. But that does not mean we opened the door, we allow them to implode, we will know from within right to sabotage the oma from within when someone has a physical disease, we do feel bad for them, but you don't feel bad for them to the extent to just release them in public population if they're contagious, right? I feel so bad for I'm not gonna put him in the ICU, I'm not gonna quarantine him from the rest of the world, right? I'm not gonna point out to people, hey, hurts his feelings or doesn't put the mask on before you enter the room. Right? There's something you need to be worried about you. And so it gives that perfect balance, but
also it helps people. So that that helps people understand that things are not black and white. You know, people, when you understand people's natures, you have to understand there's like, hundreds of shades of grey between black and between white. It sounds like there's good people and bad people in the world. We need to understand that in the fall at varying levels, you have to deal with them in various ways. There are different types, you need to remedy them. You need to like get it out of their system in different ways. And unless you understand I know that Toba is a bit advanced in its subject, but this is the last thing to come down on the prophet SAW Selim and his own money to
understand how to deal with the world where he's gone. And that's why it gives it that right. So the understanding people's various types. You find it where when you're reading, you'll keep seeing women, women, women, women, of them are those that say this right woman, woman you do an A B of them are those
that annoying the Prophet that that bother the Prophet that insult the Prophet where poo poo. And they say he's an open ear in this prophet managers, he believes everything, he's gullible. He's naive, right? When he says women who, then the 15. And among them are those that say, listen, just, I can't handle it, it's too much for me, permitted me to stay behind meaning from the battle. And don't put my religion to pfitzner Don't threaten my religious commitment. Woman, the woman I had, a lot of them are those that keep promising that they are promising a lot, we're going to be different. Just one more chance, just let us go. So there are various different types of elbow
points out for us so that we can deal with them differently. But despite giving so much distinction, differentiation detail, notice something else is over though. And this is critical, because this wouldn't have been hard for a lot to do. There is not a single name, like the setup, you see. And so the film, like we know exactly who the is talking about. I knew exactly who said that statement. Right? But they didn't, why you might as well just mention his name, everyone knows what you're talking about. Why doesn't mention the names.
So you don't get caught up in the names? Can you imagine the names would have been there,
you would have thought you wouldn't be able to speak about 1400 years later in this multiple, you would say all is this guy who was the one after that is done is that normal.
And human nature, we have this issue, we get caught up with the personalities, the individuals, not the qualities and our lives origin is teaching us that the flaw in this person is what I'm going to mention, because that ought to get inherited in the next guy, you know, we just like to talk you heard with so and so said, Oh man, this guy, this guy dies, right? Hit The Floor exert itself, the disease itself still exists in the woman, and it would cause the oma to crumble on a certain level. And so don't get caught up in the he said she said they said this about Islam, and he said this about that person, leave all that alone, right worrying about these qualities. And before we leave,
the quality of them would have been and I've spent 20 minutes of the whole department already to realize why it's so hard even when you check yourself.
See, the Mona Lisa came down, many of them are gonna drop dead.
Because they did not know they were manipulating. Some of them did not know.
perhaps the easiest way to understand it is like this.
You're a man is my head. This is the top complete email. This is the mandatory you have to have and this is the minimum fee, the Muslims have to remain Muslim. Okay, minimum email.
Then there's this belief, someone who just left Islam or someone who's nearly a Muslim right there.
And it gets uglier and uglier and uglier and uglier here
when he pushes for disbelief, and persecute others upon the disbelief alongside both of these, it's a little bit longer believers and a little bit among the disbelievers hypocrisy.
So the weaker your faith is, the greater your hypocrisy is. That's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, there are qualities that are qualities, whoever has them is, is has has a quality of hypocrisy. And whomever has them all that he is a pure hypocrite meaning in his behavior, he that has dedicated when he speaks he lies
what either I had a word of love, and when he promises with the best of them are those that promise and promise. And when he promises he breaks it, what he does to mean upon and when he is trusted, he betrays his trusts, what either house or my federal, and when he disputes is obscene, he doesn't hold anything back, because he has nothing holding him back. He has no, right. And so these a person can have all four of these qualities still be a Muslim. That means his email is really weak. hypocrisy has really ravaged his heart. But none of these four are coffee in Islam. He's not outside of the fold of Islam. And likewise, someone could have already left Islam, but they have this
yearning to go back in. They wish they may not even know. And then it gets worse where you plummet in hypocrisy and you know, you're disbeliever and your whole energy is focused on just hiding that
you're you're not man enough, you're not strong enough to go out and say I am a disbeliever for whatever reason.
And so this is the reason why that detail is there because it fluctuates in and outside of Islam. It is the end of the pure Islam the beginning of your disbelief and hypocrisy exists in both within your Islam it's called minor hypocrisy, which
Go for it's called major hypocrisy.
And so part of the way to determine that for yourself so that doba helps a lot helps diagnose and the treatments. Because you remember to that fat loss surgeon kept calling our attention in the beginning and the end of the soul. He said the term and we do not have the believers in reality. So there are believers who are not pure believers not in reality, those that are tainted with hypocrisy. Now, that's where the complementation between elevated and fun that we spoke about in the beginning, he gave us a sign as to how to know who are
the true believers and who are the believers that have democracy inside of them, or the disbelievers that are just struggling?
To understand this, if you need to know the Battle of the Dubuque is the Battle of devil was known as
that's what Jason rosamma Jerusalem, the Battle of extreme hardship. These are people that travel for an entire month, in the summer, on foot to meet an army that was 10 times their size.
In harvest season, when they wait the entire half of year and a half of the year just to make money in that season. Everything that we put aside, and they have to go through all this and it was extremely difficult, so much so that the baton was called the difficult the Battle of difficulty, the Battle of hardship, then a loss of interest in that scene. Here is the sign as to where you stand. You can notice your degree of Eman, your degree of righteousness versus your degree of hypocrisy, the weakness of your faith or its absence, through the things that makes you laugh.
And the things that make you cry.
Ask yourself, what makes me laugh. What makes me cry. That's what sort of the pelvis suggests. And the suggestion is standing until this day. You see a lot of surgeon says, and this is one of the most beautiful and the sooner that you can't read through the sooner after the book without stopping and just thinking about he says what I did Latina either, until ckeditor Amina patella Juma
Tawana, Filomena, Dominic has an allergy to many people. And there is no blame for constellation, there is no blame on those people that came to you, oh, Mohammed, so you can carry them carry them were carry them off into the bathroom.
And you said to them, I have no mouth for you to ride. They were poor people, they couldn't afford a horse or a camel or a donkey to catch up with the army. So he said to them, so
I don't have anything left. I don't have any more rights for you. Tell one of these people, these poor people turned away while their eyes were overflowing with tears, that they did not find that they could not find that which they could spend it.
Like crying, why are you crying? You're supposed to be happy. Like you're not going out to walk for an entire month on foot. You're not going out in the heat of the summer, you're even going to get the edge and because you had a good intention. You're not even hypocrite you really wanted to. But they cry. Why did they cry? They cry because they were truthful. They really wanted to please Allah. They wish they could show they wish they wouldn't have to miss out on opportunity, a new opportunity to sacrifice so Allah subhanho
wa Taala into soft hearts. They got those soft hearts if you can't cry, let's take a minute to speak about how they got those soft hearts from previous acts of sacrifice. Like do you think you will try you will try to please our love and sacrifice to please Allah and he's not going to gift you to give. He's not going to give you that tip, that conviction about him about paradise about fame, he's not going to gift you that tenderness apart. That's where they got it from
the two that have been in the game. And they arrived and they're involved in the study of their loved one of other necessities, the same one that said at the end of his life, some of our names send them while I'm gonna give us some advice on the bar. And our eyes overflowed with tears and our hearts from these two men from the 70s and we showed up when we arrived to visit our baldness area. And he was of those that this verse came down about those that walked away crying and they couldn't go off into the bathroom. Where did you get that softness of heart? Well just read whatever it was with the love on this area was from the sofa and the sofa with the poor companions that left
everything to catch up with the Prophet of Allah in Medina, with the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam in Medina. They didn't have money they didn't have they couldn't buy real estate. They couldn't even afford food.
They will just live in the back of the machine. One day someone will bring some milk and they drink it and be thankful another day, no one will bring anything and they will just tumble them roll literally roll on the ground from hunger from anguish till they roll themselves to sleep once, just picture that, I mean, when we come to make it gastronorm a lot rather than systems, you pick the machine with the best tendencies, right? The best facility that has a nice shower, they have the best bar and you bring your iPad with you to this carpeted place and sit in the back of the mystery that you enjoy. And once the 10 days are over, you cannot wait to get back home. So
most people don't even don't
even go home. They mean even that small exception, they go home and I think you're trying hard. These people were like on Saturday in
permanently hungry, nothing.
And so when they did that, this is why they were truthful. And so I want to increase them in demand a lot increase them in attendance of the heart. This is why and they're they're crying why they can walk over and it's not even like a battle where you press buttons and shoot guns like soldiers face to face. The sword goes up and glimmers in the sun that comes down with somebody's arm and somebody's neck. They're crying and they couldn't take part in this. They couldn't show a law that they were his they were dispensable for his cause.
That's one type of person.
What makes you proud?
Would you cry? Do you cry for missing out on the opportunities to obey no love. There are some people like there's some people that if you miss his family, he sees the struggles. And if you miss a solid friendships over his days ruined his he can't think of anything else the entire day. There are some people that day in and day out not just because when people are gonna say but because he's gonna die soon. He still hasn't convinced there. He cries that his daughters I found that a champion, they cry because they have not been able to show a lot that I have everything I own. I sent it your way. Does that stuff make you cry? Does it does it saddened you at least Are you on
route to weeping one day, then there's another example completely into the dope. Nothing to cry about what you laugh about a lot of sentences, fairy mukalla food.
They rejoice these people that were kept behind.
Behind the messages often they were happy to give them a budget. They were happy to find whatever state
and it was for the woman's own good that they stayed behind by the way. Well,
don't even worry about them. Keep an eye out. Don't be a trickster, but don't be tricked by others. But if they amass half the room, it's not about numbers of numbers. If they would have went out with you, they would have weakened you anyway. They would say oh man, look at the numbers. Look at this look at that they would have it's contagious. This doubt in their hearts. So these people were happy that they were able to stay behind what follows and then they encourage other people to do it. Don't go out in the heat.
is said to them do not go out Muslims in the summertime. A lot. So that is one word I would imagine to help the fire if
you think that's an excuse. Because some people are like that. They say, some of them said, then the I recited the iron permits me Don't put me through pfitzner you know what they said this verse referring to some of them.
We can't go west, we can't go towards a sham. Because over there is better and better us will have the prettiest women all of Arabia. And we fear we fear that if we go that way, we're not going to be able to resist. We're going to convince them.
must say like just cut it cut it out. You already you've already failed. Like you were saying you're afraid that you're going to go through if it's not you have already gotten there are other people like this. They use the dean saying I'm such a righteous guy. I'm afraid to look at the girls. Are you out there look for girls, you're out in the battle.
And so they use the D convinced themselves with a weak argument. Use the dean to disobeyed the dean to disobeyed
the dean. And so a person and they were happy about it, they got away with it. What is it that makes you happy?
You know, even nowadays in our time to completely change gears. We are happy to find a stimulating movie. Right? or reverse it. We can cry from a movie and we don't cry from the news anymore. Right? You know that's a disease. I'm sorry. It's a disease.
Because that's supposed to make you cry, and that's supposed to be.
But some people have a disease that causes their senses to get flipped. You know, when you cut yourself supposed to hurt, you know, some people when they have a disease on their skin, nothing will please them until they keep scratching till they bleed, then they get happy. This is a disorder, likewise is a buckers. It's a disorder that reverses their system of pleasure and pain of happiness and sadness, you cry for the very opposite, and you're pleased with the very opposite.
of the important things to notice that not everyone who messed up
and stayed behind, even though they could March out to the prophet SAW Sunday was a hypocrite.
There are people that slip and siouxland Toba also, again, opens our eyes to this reality. They committed they committed an act of hypocrisy, if you will, when they went up.
Why? Because they didn't live in the tunnel. They weren't scheming. They were truthful. A law surgeon says wireless lsvt loud enough. And those three people that stayed behind the story of the three that Allah finally redeemed in the end, until the earth was too suffocating for them. Why? Because the Messenger of Allah saw Selim saw they were truthful. And he he asked a lot soldier to forgive them. And Allah commanded the believers to not speak to them even their wives couldn't speak to them anymore for an entire 50 days and 50 nights
to show them and they put up with all this destroyed them inside it was so painful. You tell them what's wrong with you people don't you know I love I love this message. This message enormous.
But he still kept in hurt him. He could have just lied. One of them was Captain America, Caribbean, it was the most eloquent person of his time. He was a he was an amazing poet. He could have said much better than all these other guys set of excuses, but he refused to see an excuse was truthful. And so our soldiers accepted their job and reveal their tell when you saw the tone. And it's just because you make a mistake, a big mistake. So long as you are truthful, your belief and a truthful person can sit in the sin, He has to admitted, at least to Allah, he has to repent from it, he has to do whatever it takes to make up for it. And I must says it doesn't matter how good lasagna it
is true for people.
The last two I want to mention quickly, the first of them a lot of Oracle data speaks it says love.
Allah has accepted the tilbyr of the Prophet, and those that believe.
And in the beginning of the surah, he says about the mushy King, not even hypocrites outright divine confrontation of warring idol worshipers. For example.
If they repent and the established prayer, they made it again, they're your brothers like anybody else. The door of television is open for everybody from the profit because we all make mistakes right? promising I've accepted this terrible net of the believers and even these disbelievers who took up arms against the Muslims tell was open for them as well for everybody
and me RLM pseudoviruses and number one who are eligible to bid on embedding web part one and number two
whenever there's a question or ad you need to answer
Don't you know now that he you know, above we have to bet a lot except would be correct linguistically. But while en Allahu Indeed Allah, He is the only one only who would accept the Toba from his slaves under any circumstances, only way of thought and he accepts charities he accepts something he doesn't need. If I gave you a currency you could not use you would throw it in my face. He accepts the charities and indeed he is the one that is held well
constantly doing that constantly, forever merciful soprano Madonna. Don't you know that Allah is the one? He's telling me to hear young dancers? I know he's the one. So
what happened to change it? What happened to work to recalibrate what makes you cry? What makes you laugh?
It's a moment
in that 30 days of going up mountains and down valleys, and the heat and the third, some of them will now choose, you know what, what COVID in the surah
he called it a moment. And levena de barro Fie sad, you know, to
those that follow the profit in the moment in the our difficulty, this is the Battle of difficulty, but among those in a moment, it wasn't a moment. But the difficulty is a moment. What's most difficult is that moment of truth to you, for you to make that decision that I belong to. I am convinced that my life is better with Allah, I am convinced that there is nothing here for me except that it's from Allah and nothing there for me unless I have earned the pleasure of Allah, that difficult moment to decide. That's it, it's over. This is where my life is heading.
On Mondays is everything else after that. Everything else is just do.
Nothing will harm us, has written for us. Once you get past that moment, you feel unbreakable, you become invincible to everything that could stumble you up.
And so now most of what Allah make us of those that make this difficult decision, pull our lives together once and for all not have set in our commitments to purify our hearts from every disease make us of those that are easy, whatever pleases Him and bothered by whatever annoys him is kind of Medina la soljet forgive us and except our children must teach us from this book make us of those that answered his questions correctly. Not allowed to fall on deaf ears. I love them. I love them. I love them. I
love them. I
a loan to buy a loved one to run into to do it then
a little bit of diving into data.
And to answer how you are you
are genuine. So y'all tune a lot more suddenly musical