Lessons from the Seerah #17 – The First Hijrah

Kamil Ahmad

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Channel: Kamil Ahmad

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AI: Summary © The history of Islam is discussed, including the return of Muslims from Mecca to Abyssinia and the return of first few Muslims from Mecca to Abyssinia. The history of Islam is also discussed, including the implementation of Islam as a means of peace and avoiding violence, the negative consequences of actions like persecution and negative consequences, and the importance of learning from history and the lessons learned from the Hydra event. The importance of being organized and strong in order to protect against evil behavior is emphasized.
AI: Transcript ©
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala at Emanuel Ax Melania Allah. Allah He urged marine

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while early he was so happy woman that he had the wisdom to be so naughty he EULA your MIDI along the aluminum and fauna wouldn't be lumped in was it

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what do you know and help to help can What are we looking at today? We're Elina LBL Bella Bella Whelan. What is your connection Tina, which I didn't I mean Minister Mia una cola failure Toby Aruna Sena mean what that said I'm really come Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

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Last week, we covered the last

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methods used by Kurdish

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to attempt to stop the spread of Islam and to

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stop the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from continuing in his Dawa.

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And what we looked at meanly last week was

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the persecution,

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the persecution that

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the Sahaba or the Allahu Anhu faced.

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And so this persecution, it started

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around the fourth year of the prophethood,

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around the fourth year of the prophet hood, and it gradually intensified

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until it reached the unbearable limits.

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Around the middle of the fifth year,

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around the middle of the fifth year of El biasa, of the prophethood of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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And so, continuing to live under the circumstances, had proven

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to be extremely difficult

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for the Muslims. And so the time had come

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to look for a solution.

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The time had come to look for a solution.

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So I'm selama Radi Allahu Allah.

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She narrates

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and on selama

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was Who Who was she?

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She was

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one of the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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But at that time, she wasn't married to the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam

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she says,

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when Mecca became unbearable to live in

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and the companions of rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were persecuted all for the sake of their deen and the new Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was unable to do anything about it

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while he was protected by his uncle, and none of that which was happening to his companions was happening to him.

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At that point, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them,

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in the land of Abyssinia, there is a king, whom no one is dealt with unjustly.

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So go to his country so that Allah can grant you relief from that what you are currently

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selling Selma says, so we went there, and in and ended up in the best land under the best protection, safe with our religion, not fearing any pressure.

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And so this brings us to the first Hydra

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the first migration that ever took place in Islam.

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And that was the migration of the first few Muslims from Makkah

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to alhaja

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to Abyssinia.

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And so the first group of Muslims

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set out on this journey they left secretly from Mecca.

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And they were 11 men and four women

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11 men and four women, among them was on Selma.

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And her husband was Elena.

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It's all happened, that when they reached the Red Sea

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that there were two trading ships

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that were passing by

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And so they were able to get on to the ships

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that took them to Abyssinia.

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And so this was, it is recorded that this was in the month of Rajab,

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which we are currently in we are currently in the month of Rajab,

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in the fifth year of the prophet hood,

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in the fifth year of the prophet hood. Now, when Quraysh

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found out about this group of Muslims, they sent after them.

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But when they reached the shores,

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they had already left, the Muslims had already left and were on their way

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to Alhambra.

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Now, when this first group went to Abyssinia, it was only a matter

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of a few months.

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It was only a matter of a few months. It is mentioned that it was only

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Ramadan. So after Rajab, you have shut down and then you have Ramadan

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that they heard a rumor, they heard a rumor. That Qureshi has accepted Islam

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and sort of sort of what he sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It is mentioned that he had received pseudo Tunisian

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pseudo tonnage najem was revealed to him, which he recited to courage.

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And these verses had a huge impact on them.

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So when the very last verse was recited, and it was an idea of Sajida

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rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and those with him the Muslims. After reciting that last verse, they meet Sajida.

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And because of the impact of the Surah

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it is mentioned that Qureshi also made such that with them.

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And so this was the origin of that false rumor

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that Quraysh had accepted Islam.

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So those Muslims who had migrated to Abyssinia, they came back to Mecca,

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but only to find out that

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it was a false rumor.

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So this was when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told them to go back.

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And

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this time,

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he sent more with them.

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This time he sent more with them. So this is why it is known

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in this era, that there were two migrations to Abyssinia,

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the first and the second. So the first one was this small group of Muslims.

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And now the second the second wave.

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It composed of 83 men and 18 women,

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83 men and 18 women.

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Now the Muslims had a safe haven to freely practice their Deen without fear of persecution.

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But that didn't mean that Qureshi would leave them alone.

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And so

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the Muslims in Abyssinia were not a threat

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to Quraysh

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not politically nor economically. Nevertheless, they did not want to leave the Muslims alone.

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So Quraysh decided to send a delegation

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to the Emperor

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and the Joshi

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to ask him to turn over these Muslims to them

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and to send them back.

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So who did they choose? For this mission? They chose armory Barrelhouse

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and Abdullah ibn Robbia.

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In another narration, it was a hammer in Arabia instead of Abdullah in Arabia. But the central figure here is a hammer liberal house.

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And so I'm a rebuttal house

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even before being sent on this mission, he was a diplomat.

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And so he was a very important man to Quraysh

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who had wide connections.

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He was in fact friends of

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people outside of Arabia.

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Like missionaries and

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officials and

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diplomats of other countries.

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And he was also a mastermind in plotting and planning conspiracies against the Muslims, especially.

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So basically, he was the right person for Quraysh to choose

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Amaroo YBNL house, he went to Abyssinia and the plan was that he was going to go and meet with the top officials first, he wasn't going to go directly to dinner Joshi he was going to go to

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the bishops

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and the other officials and he was going to give them gifts.

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In other words, he was going to bribe them

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he was going to present to them his case

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and say to them that in your land, there are some fools who ran away from us from

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and we want you to turn them over.

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So the plan was to work things out first with these top officials before he meets with the new Joshi himself.

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Because if he did that, then when he speaks to the new Joshi

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he will already have had the approval of the officials.

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So whatever he says the officials will agree.

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So this is exactly what I'm gonna did. He went to all the officials, he gave them gifts.

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And he spoke to them.

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And he also said to them, that look, I prefer that you hand over these people without having them to come and meet a Natasha.

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And this was because he was afraid.

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He was afraid, afraid of what

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he was afraid that they would be able to present their side of the story.

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Not only that, but he was afraid

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of the Muslims reciting some of the Quran

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and he knew the powerful effect that the Quran had on people

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you know, this is not something he was not familiar with. We already spoke about that during, you know, the days in Makkah and the Dawa.

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Anyhow, um,

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he then went to the new Joshi

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and he told them, there are some fools among us who came through.

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We know them, they left our religion, and they also do not follow yours.

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He went on and on eventually, he said that we want you to hand them over to us.

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Now in the presence of the Najafi or the officials, and so they were already there and they were supporting whatever a Hummer had to say.

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So what was the response of energetic

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and the Joshi he said, No, I will not hand you over these people who sought refuge in my land

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until I hear their side of the story.

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And this was why rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told the Muslims to migrate

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to and Habesha specifically,

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he mentioned these exact words, he said, there there is a king, who in his presence, no injustice is done. No one has dealt with

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with injustice will vote.

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And so, he was a man who was just an A man of principles. So in the Joshi, he called the Muslims to come and meet him,

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the Muslims, they received the message and they were told that a hammer had been Allah has had met with an A Joshi and now an agenda he wants to meet them.

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So Upon hearing this, the Muslims they got together and they had a shura. They consulted one another and they decided to appoint a spokesperson

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who was the spokesperson, it was Jaffa Ibn or before liberal the Allahu

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Jaffa it interviewed Paul Talib was the brother of Ali, probably Allah Wang, the cousin of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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They appointed him and they agreed. They agreed

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need that they were going to speak the truth that no matter what happens we're only going to speak the truth we're not going to lie

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and so

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they came in the court

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of an A Joshi

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and inner Joshi asked them, what religion do you follow?

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You left the religion of your people

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you didn't join my religion and you didn't join any of the religions that we know of.

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So who are you

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now there's a hadith

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narrated by whom selama probably Allahu Allah,

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in which the entire speech of Jaffa is gonna be partly probably Allah who

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is recorded.

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And so when the Joshi asked them, Who are you, you know, what are you guys about? Jaffa Ibn Abu Talib, he gave this, he gave this speech. And so

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let's listen to what he said.

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Jaffa, Ravi Allahu Allah. He said, Oh King, we were a people of Sheikh.

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We worshipped idols. We ate the meat of animals that had died. And later

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we offended the rules of hospitality and permitted rules that are forbidden, as in shutting one another's blood and so on.

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If you notice,

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Jaffa, began his speech with an intro

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telling the Joshi about the chaotic situation

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that they were living in

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the Jaya Helia in the days of Jaya Hillier, which is something that we spoke about very early on, how the Arabs used to live their lives, in complete darkness and

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in chaos.

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And so, he gave the ANU Joshi this background,

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then he went on to say, we completely ignore the matters of right and wrong.

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And,

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and so God He sent us a profit from among ourselves, whose honesty and trustworthiness we knew very well.

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So here, what did he do? He established the credibility of the Prophet sallallahu it was

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you know, pay attention to how

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the dialogue

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is going. And how Jaffa Radi Allahu Allahu

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is laying down the foundation

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and basically effective effectively giving an A Joshi Dawa.

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So

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he established the credibility of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioning that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was known among us. His good character was known among all of us.

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Then he says,

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so he summoned us to pray to God alone. Without associating any partners with him. He told us to respect rites of kinship, to honor the rights of hospitality, to pray to God, to fast for him, and to worship none other than Him.

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So here at Jaffa, he mentioned to Anna Joshi. He basically informed him of the concepts of tofield in Islam, and the morals that Islam teachers, then he said, and so he called us to God, to affirm his oneness to worship Him, and to tear down all the other stones and idols that our forefathers had worshipped. besides Allah. He ordered us to be truthful in our speech, to keep other people's trusts to respect kinship ties, and hospitality rights and to abandon things forbidden, and the shedding of blood. He forbade us to do anything more, to tell lies to misuse the funds of orphans to make false accusations against women of virtue. He ordered us to worship God and to associate no other no

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others with him. He told us to pray to give Zika and to fast, then Jaffa robiola who and he enumerated for a Najafi all the aspects of Islam.

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So he had mentioned all the good teachings of Islam that no person of good character could ever deny to be good Oh,

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So notice how he mentioned to him all of these good teachings of Islam

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which are universal

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and which are also teachings that the religion of the Najafi uphold,

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and that is Christianity.

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So he made it clear to Mr. Joshi that Islam does not teach anything evil

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and that its teachings were not something immoral.

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Also, he mentioned to him the four pillars of Islam. So he mentioned to him to feed,

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Salah,

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fasting and Zika. As for Hajj, it was not legislated yet.

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But these other these other pillars of Islam had been legislated even though

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they had not been legislated fully. So for example, Salah

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it was not the five Salawat yet,

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but the concept was there.

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Last week, Jaffa, he said, and so we believed in him, and trusted Him, following Him in the instructions that he brought from God, we worship God alone without a partner and associating NO ONE with Him. We forbade what he had forbidden and considered permissible what he had allowed us but our people aggressed against us. So now Jaffa oh the Allahu Allah and he comes, he comes now after this, you know, after mentioning all of these things, he now comes to the point of discussion,

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you know, of why then a Joshi wanted to meet, meet with them, after hearing the case of hammer, liberal house and Quraysh. So he said, that our people aggressed against us and harmed us, seeking to draw us away from our faith, to return us to the worship of idols, instead of God. And to have us again, consider permissible, the abominations that we had previously allowed. When they treated us with violence and persecution, preventing us from following our religion. We left our country and chose you above others, we desired your his hospitality, and we hoped that we will not be harmed in your domain. Okay.

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So notice,

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the mentioning of persecution was key.

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Because I'm going to ask never mentioned any of that.

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Not only that, but mentioning the persecution was helpful

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in bringing mercy to the heart of the new Joshy. Because

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it would have reminded him

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of what

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of the persecution that the early Christians went through.

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And how they too, had to flee with their religion

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from

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the Roman Empire before, you know, before the Roman Empire adopted Christianity, as its religion,

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and so before that, they were enemies of the Christians, and so the Christians had to go underground.

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And they were persecuted.

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And also the persecution of Saudi Saddam

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and his disciples.

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And so

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after this, the ending

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of Jaffa was amazing and very effective. After hearing all this dinner, Joshi, he said, have you brought anything? Have you brought anything with you from what Muhammad has taught you?

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So now he wanted to hear the Quran.

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And so he wanted to hear from the revolution.

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And so Jaffa had been boarded recited some ideas from the Quran, which I did he choose

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ayat from Surat Maria, he could have recited anything

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but again

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again, look at the wisdom of Jaffa Allahu Allah

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and His choice. He chose a surah that

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would basically seal the deal with an A Joshi

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and so Sunita, Miriam speaks up.

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Miriam, and are you Sadie is Salam.

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Something that in the Joshi was very simple

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You know, obviously he was very familiar with. And so anything that is mentioned there was information that he already had.

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And things that he already believed in.

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And so

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on selama are the Allahu Anhu. She says, I swear, and Ninja she, he wept so hard after hearing these ads, that His beard was soaked, and also his bishops, they cried so hard that they wept that their Bibles became wet.

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So, it must have been a very effective and emotional recitation.

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And

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you know, this reaction from the Joshi.

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It reminds us of what Allah subhanho wa Taala says about Al Kitab.

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Al Kitab, who are they?

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Who are 100 Kitab, the,

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the Jews and the Christians,

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the Jews and the Christians,

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but in order to remind you that Allah subhanho wa Taala differentiates between the Jews and the Christians.

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And so Allah subhanahu Allah says, letter G, then shut down NASCI Ida Lilla de una LM and Alia hood, when Lady nourish Rocco,

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you will surely find that the most hostile and the most bitter towards the believers are the Jews and emotionally cool.

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And this is true,

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not only in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, but across our Islamic history until the present.

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Muslims face persecution at the hands of the Jews and the machete cool.

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And then Allah subhanahu Allah says, Well, I taggi Then Corrado, whom now what data Lilina am an old lady, you know, Callooh in nanosolar,

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but you will find that those most gracious those most compassionate

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to the believers are those who call themselves Christian.

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That it can be in the mean home to see seen, what will abandon when the Himalayas step below. Allah says that is because there are priests and monks among them, and because they are not arrogant, and then Allah subhana who went out it says,

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What either send me a rule now on Zillow, you know Rasul Torah, you know, Torah, you know, whom to feel do mean a demo, Mima or a full minute

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when they listen to that which has been revealed to the messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears.

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Recognizing the truth,

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your coluna Rob Danna am in fact Tubingen Masha he didn't they say Our Lord, we believe so count us among the witnesses.

00:28:06--> 00:28:09

And in the Joshi was one of those.

00:28:12--> 00:28:25

And so after hearing, Jonathan Radi Allahu Allah Joshi, he refused to hand over the Muslims to Croatia. And so the delegation from Croatia, they left

00:28:26--> 00:28:29

Amer liberal OS, he threatened

00:28:30--> 00:28:33

he threatened that he will make them go back

00:28:34--> 00:28:35

no matter what,

00:28:36--> 00:28:38

you know, he did not want to give up.

00:28:40--> 00:28:41

However, his partner,

00:28:43--> 00:28:45

he told us not to say that,

00:28:46--> 00:28:51

you know, armor, he said, I'm going to force them, and I'm going to bring an end to them.

00:28:53--> 00:29:01

And so his partner said, Don't say that. And he reminded him that in the end of the day, these are our own blood relatives.

00:29:03--> 00:29:06

And he said, that

00:29:08--> 00:29:11

look, if they're not going to hand them over, then what can we do?

00:29:12--> 00:29:14

Let's just simply go back to my

00:29:19--> 00:29:20

hammer, he said, No.

00:29:22--> 00:29:24

Tomorrow, I'm gonna go back.

00:29:25--> 00:29:30

Tomorrow, I'm gonna go back to the Joshy. And I'm gonna tell him

00:29:32--> 00:29:35

that these people, the insults, are you Saturday, he said

00:29:38--> 00:29:40

they call him and hugged a servant.

00:29:43--> 00:29:47

And so that is exactly what he did. The next day he went back to the Joshy.

00:29:48--> 00:29:55

And he said to him, that the Muslims they do not believe that the Saudis Salam is divine.

00:29:56--> 00:29:59

They do not believe that He is the Son of God.

00:30:00--> 00:30:02

Rather, they call him a servant of God.

00:30:04--> 00:30:07

Now, I'm did not believe in reciting.

00:30:09--> 00:30:12

He didn't believe that He is God or the son of God.

00:30:15--> 00:30:18

But he just wanted to cause fitna

00:30:19--> 00:30:22

and so when the Joshi he became quite concerned when he heard this

00:30:25--> 00:30:31

and that is because he was a religious Christian. And,

00:30:32--> 00:30:32

you know,

00:30:34--> 00:30:40

they were Orthodox Christians who had adopted the concept of the Trinity

00:30:42--> 00:30:44

and how God is three.

00:30:45--> 00:30:47

And this is something that ninja actually believed.

00:30:48--> 00:30:50

So, he called the Muslims

00:30:54--> 00:30:56

and the Muslims, they decided the same thing.

00:30:58--> 00:31:14

They decided that they're going to speak the truth no matter what, no matter what happens, no matter the consequences, even if it means that he's going to become upset, and he's going to hand us over to Croatia, we are not going to lie.

00:31:16--> 00:31:27

And so, Jaffa Ibn Abu Talib was once again the spokesperson. When they arrived in Nigeria, she asked, What do you say about Jesus?

00:31:29--> 00:31:44

So, he said, we say that he is the messenger of Allah. He is the Word of Allah that was casted upon mme, the chaste and the Virgin.

00:31:46--> 00:31:47

So and the Joshi he said,

00:31:48--> 00:31:49

When he heard this,

00:31:51--> 00:31:51

he said,

00:31:53--> 00:31:55

There is no difference.

00:31:56--> 00:31:59

There is no difference between what you say about him and what I say about him.

00:32:01--> 00:32:02

Now, immediately,

00:32:03--> 00:32:07

the bishops, they started to cause commotion.

00:32:09--> 00:32:13

And so they were angry about how an A Joshi could approve of such a thing.

00:32:15--> 00:32:26

The Christians of Abyssinia as we mentioned, they were orthodox who believed in the divinity of the result as salaam. So the priests and the bishops they did not like

00:32:27--> 00:32:34

what they heard about the Muslims believing that a Saudi Saddam was not a son of God,

00:32:35--> 00:32:45

that he was simply a servant of Allah. So in the Joshi, he stood up and he said, Say whatever you want to see, these people are going to be free in Milan.

00:32:49--> 00:32:56

in Selma are the Allahu Anhu. She says, The Hammer liberal house and his partner were left in disgrace

00:32:57--> 00:33:03

because in the Joshy, drove them out, and he even gave them back their gifts.

00:33:04--> 00:33:11

One of the first things that in the Joshi asked them when they had come from Africa, was What have you brought for me?

00:33:13--> 00:33:26

From your land, so I'm able to house he said, I brought you some leather products and leather products were one of the Josh's favorites. So even though Anna Joshi

00:33:27--> 00:33:32

and Amara had this relationship, a friendship

00:33:33--> 00:33:35

when it came to principles,

00:33:36--> 00:33:51

and their Joshy he stood by his principles, and he stood by the truth. And again, this was exactly why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent these Muslims to him

00:33:52--> 00:34:03

out of everywhere where they could have gone, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent them to him, because he was just, and he was a man of principles.

00:34:04--> 00:34:05

Finally,

00:34:07--> 00:34:10

in the Jash, he did become a Muslim. However,

00:34:12--> 00:34:13

he was not able to

00:34:14--> 00:34:20

implement Islam, he was not able to enforce it on his people.

00:34:22--> 00:34:24

He was not able to enforce the Sharia.

00:34:25--> 00:34:29

In fact, he had kept his conversion a secret.

00:34:30--> 00:34:33

And he was able to secretly he could have secretly

00:34:34--> 00:34:37

learned from the Muslims that were there about Islam.

00:34:39--> 00:34:44

And so, what proves that he did accept Islam

00:34:45--> 00:34:59

was that many years later, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when he found out about the death of Mr. Joshi, and this hadith is found in Sahih Bukhari. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said on this day

00:35:01--> 00:35:01

On this day

00:35:03--> 00:35:15

pious man in Abyssinia has passed away. So let us pray for him. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam knew exactly when an angel she died.

00:35:16--> 00:35:22

And so this is something that Gibreel must have come to him and inform him about.

00:35:23--> 00:35:25

And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:35:28--> 00:35:32

basically wanted to pray janazah for him and he did.

00:35:33--> 00:35:36

In another Hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,

00:35:37--> 00:35:49

ask Allah to forgive him, and ask Allah to forgive him. So all of this shows us that in a jar, she did accept Islam, and he died as a Muslim.

00:35:53--> 00:35:55

And so this is briefly

00:35:56--> 00:36:05

the story of the first hijra, we refer to it as the first Hijra. Because the second Hijra of the Muslims

00:36:06--> 00:36:12

was the famous Hedra that we will come to later on in this era. And that is the Hijra to El Medina.

00:36:13--> 00:36:26

But before the Hijra to Medina, we had this Hydra, which was to Abyssinia. It was not a HiDrive that was obligatory upon all the Muslims, like the Hijra to Medina.

00:36:28--> 00:36:37

But it was a relief from Allah subhanho wa Taala for those Muslims who could not handle

00:36:38--> 00:37:03

the torture and the persecution that they had to undergo in Mecca. And so it was relief from Allah subhanho wa taala, enabling them to leave their land in which they could not practice Islam freely, and go to a land where they could practice their Deen openly and freely without the fear of any persecution.

00:37:05--> 00:37:08

Now, there are many lessons that we can learn from

00:37:10--> 00:37:11

the first HaTorah

00:37:12--> 00:37:13

in fact

00:37:17--> 00:37:22

the first Hijra is an event that took place in the Sierra

00:37:24--> 00:37:29

which is extremely important for Muslims today to study

00:37:31--> 00:37:41

because of the similarity between their situation and our situation today, where we live as a minority among

00:37:42--> 00:37:44

a majority non Muslim population.

00:37:46--> 00:37:58

So let us look at some of these lessons. There are many that can be learned. But we'll choose some of the most important lessons that we can learn from

00:38:01--> 00:38:02

from this event.

00:38:05--> 00:38:06

Firstly,

00:38:07--> 00:38:10

what was or what were the reasons

00:38:11--> 00:38:13

for this Hydra to Abyssinia?

00:38:17--> 00:38:26

How come the Muslims fled their land and went to Abyssinia? How come they left the best place on earth? Mecca

00:38:28--> 00:38:29

to a strange land

00:38:30--> 00:38:32

to live as strangers

00:38:33--> 00:38:37

not in a Muslim country but in a non Muslim country.

00:38:38--> 00:38:45

And so there are a number of reasons that have been mentioned by scholars.

00:38:47--> 00:38:49

The first is the obvious

00:38:50--> 00:38:56

and that is that Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam allowed them to leave so that they could freely

00:38:57--> 00:39:01

so that they could free themselves from this physical torture

00:39:03--> 00:39:03

and persecution,

00:39:05--> 00:39:21

even hasm He says, when the number of the Muslims increased, and the persecution increased, Allah allowed them to migrate. Allah allow them to migrate. So that is the obvious, that is obvious. The second reason

00:39:23--> 00:39:26

is to safeguard their faith.

00:39:28--> 00:39:32

And so not everyone would have been able to handle the torture.

00:39:34--> 00:39:36

Some people would give up their email.

00:39:38--> 00:39:41

Not everyone had the strength of a worker

00:39:43--> 00:39:45

or billon.

00:39:46--> 00:39:47

Probably Allahu ang.

00:39:48--> 00:39:51

And last week we mentioned some of the things that he went through,

00:39:52--> 00:39:58

and how, under that severe torture, he became even more emboldened.

00:40:01--> 00:40:03

or hubbub or not.

00:40:05--> 00:40:07

And some of the others who we mentioned last week.

00:40:09--> 00:40:11

And so, if a person

00:40:12--> 00:40:15

fears the safety of their dean,

00:40:17--> 00:40:34

then they have to go elsewhere. If they fear that, in the current circumstances that I'm in, I'm going to lose my dean, then here they have to move, they have to leave and go to a place where they can protect it dirty.

00:40:38--> 00:40:42

And this is what we find in the story of us hobbled calf.

00:40:44--> 00:40:45

Those young men

00:40:47--> 00:40:48

who were

00:40:50--> 00:40:52

one of those early Christians

00:40:54--> 00:40:55

who,

00:40:56--> 00:40:59

you know, they were being persecuted by their people. And,

00:41:01--> 00:41:14

and so they fled and went to this cave. And Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us their story in Surah TCAF. In fact, Surah Kahf, as we mentioned previously was revealed prior to this Hijra.

00:41:17--> 00:41:21

It was as if Allah subhanahu Attallah was preparing the Muslims that look,

00:41:22--> 00:41:30

there have been people before you who went through similar suffering to you. And Allah subhanahu Attallah allowed them to flee.

00:41:32--> 00:41:36

And they fled because of their Deen. They wanted to protect their deen

00:41:39--> 00:41:48

and so Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that the believers should not humiliate himself by facing harm which he is unable to handle.

00:41:50--> 00:41:59

So if something is too much for a person to handle, then that person should not he should not leave himself in that situation.

00:42:02--> 00:42:03

In his heart, he says

00:42:05--> 00:42:23

the Muslims then left towards Abyssinia, fearing for their D. Fearing for their D, fearing that, you know, if we stay in this persecution, we're going to end up giving up our deen so their deed was something valuable to them.

00:42:25--> 00:42:27

Their Deen was something valuable to them.

00:42:28--> 00:42:30

They left their homeland.

00:42:32--> 00:42:38

They left their relatives, they left their wealth, their possessions

00:42:39--> 00:42:45

all because there was something more valuable than all of that to them. And that was their dean.

00:42:48--> 00:42:51

The third reason some scholars they mentioned

00:42:53--> 00:42:55

that the reason why

00:42:57--> 00:43:06

they migrated was to shake the religious and social foundations of Qureshi his most noble and powerful family us.

00:43:07--> 00:43:13

Those who migrated to Abyssinia were not only the weak and the powerless.

00:43:16--> 00:43:17

In fact, the majority of them

00:43:18--> 00:43:21

were from families of Quraysh.

00:43:23--> 00:43:26

The majority of them were families of Quraysh.

00:43:28--> 00:43:28

Lake

00:43:30--> 00:43:30

Jaffa

00:43:31--> 00:43:32

ibn Abi Taalib.

00:43:34--> 00:43:35

He was from Quraysh

00:43:38--> 00:43:39

it's man or the Allahu Han

00:43:40--> 00:43:41

man even our fan.

00:43:43--> 00:43:45

Also Earth man had been most ruined

00:43:46--> 00:43:49

and others on Habiba.

00:43:50--> 00:43:52

The daughter of a boo Sophia.

00:43:54--> 00:43:57

And so you also had

00:43:58--> 00:43:59

those who

00:44:00--> 00:44:07

were accustomed to providing protection to Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam such as a Zubair

00:44:08--> 00:44:11

and Abdul Rahman within health, and it was man even after.

00:44:14--> 00:44:15

And so

00:44:18--> 00:44:25

there could be no greater insult or threat to Quraysh seeing their most powerful

00:44:26--> 00:44:31

and noblest sons and daughters running away

00:44:33--> 00:44:39

for religious reasons, leaving their cultural heritage and their tribal homeland behind.

00:44:41--> 00:44:51

So to make the people from the wealthiest and strongest families leave their homes and leave their land was a huge embarrassment for Koresh.

00:44:54--> 00:44:55

And so Quraysh

00:44:57--> 00:44:58

in Arabia,

00:45:00--> 00:45:09

They had this status. The other tribes of Arabia used to look up for them. Why? Because they were custodians of the cab.

00:45:10--> 00:45:20

And so for people now to see that they're no, they're most noble is that people are leaving the camp, or fleeing away from them for the sake of their religion.

00:45:21--> 00:45:24

This was an embarrassment for Quraysh.

00:45:26--> 00:45:31

And perhaps it was this reason for why Qureshi sent that delegation

00:45:33--> 00:45:34

with amaretto house

00:45:36--> 00:45:50

otherwise, what threat did what threat did the Muslims who had left what threat do they pose to Quraysh and so it could be that this was why Allah subhanho wa Taala wanted them to make Hijra.

00:45:51--> 00:45:52

Finally,

00:45:54--> 00:46:12

another reason that is mentioned by some scholars is that Rasul Allah, He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wanted to have a secondary base outside of Mecca, so that if something happens in Mecca, at least their religion can survive somewhere else.

00:46:14--> 00:46:48

Because until now, Islam was confined within Mecca, except for a few individuals who had come to Mecca, embrace Islam and went back to their people. Besides that, there was no other base. And so since the number of the Muslims had increased, the Muslims could now spare dividing into two groups. One group stays in Makkah, and the other group would stay in a new land, and that was, in this case, Abyssinia.

00:46:49--> 00:46:58

What supports this view is that even after Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam migrated to Medina

00:47:02--> 00:47:08

did this group of Muslims in Abyssinia join him in Madeira?

00:47:11--> 00:47:14

Did they leave Abyssinia and go to Medina.

00:47:16--> 00:47:28

Migrating to Medina was now a foreigner it was an obligation upon all the Muslims. But Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave them instructions cannot join them in Medina.

00:47:30--> 00:47:33

And so this group remained inhibition

00:47:34--> 00:47:36

until the seventh year

00:47:37--> 00:47:38

of the Hijra.

00:47:39--> 00:47:44

Imagine that years after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam migrated to Medina why?

00:47:46--> 00:47:49

Because the Muslims had just now migrated to Medina,

00:47:51--> 00:47:51

a new base

00:47:53--> 00:48:00

they're still not that strong. Something could still happen to them. They could become annihilated.

00:48:02--> 00:48:04

And so there is the second base in Amazonia.

00:48:05--> 00:48:18

And so they only joined the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam once the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had established a stronghold in Medina after waging a few wars with their enemies.

00:48:21--> 00:48:25

And so, these are among the reasons that scholars have mentioned regarding

00:48:26--> 00:48:29

why the Muslims made that first Hydra.

00:48:31--> 00:48:35

Secondly, how come Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam chose

00:48:36--> 00:48:37

Abyssinia

00:48:39--> 00:48:41

out of all the places that he could have chosen.

00:48:42--> 00:48:44

He could have chosen Yemen.

00:48:45--> 00:48:50

He could have chosen Syria or Iraq or any other place.

00:48:52--> 00:48:53

The first reason

00:48:55--> 00:49:18

is stated in Hadith in the words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that we already mentioned. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told these muscles go to Abyssinia because there is a king who does not oppress anyone. So the primary reason for choosing Abyssinia out of all the places that he could have chosen was justice.

00:49:20--> 00:49:24

And so that is why they went to Abyssinia.

00:49:25--> 00:49:26

Secondly,

00:49:29--> 00:49:32

the Arabs were familiar with

00:49:33--> 00:49:40

Habesha because Quraysh used to do trade and business with them.

00:49:41--> 00:49:43

And so there was already this established

00:49:45--> 00:49:46

commercial relationship

00:49:47--> 00:49:52

Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also was exposed to

00:49:54--> 00:49:56

Abyssinian culture from a young age.

00:49:58--> 00:50:00

One of the women who

00:50:00--> 00:50:05

Who fed him? Who nursed him was

00:50:06--> 00:50:07

from a habit

00:50:08--> 00:50:09

and that was an Amen.

00:50:11--> 00:50:29

So she took care of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and breastfed him. In one narration it states that Amen. Presented Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with some food. And he asked What is this? And so she said that it was an Abyssinian dish, which she wanted him to try.

00:50:30--> 00:51:03

And so her culture and her language was Abyssinian. And Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was close to her. Even after Islam, she embraced Islam. And he married her to his adopted son is a inheritor. So the second reason for Abyssinia was that there was already in this relationship that had existed. The third reason is that the Abyssinians were Christian.

00:51:04--> 00:51:10

And the Muslims used to see the Christians as being the closest to them,

00:51:12--> 00:51:17

compared to the machete cone of Quraysh,

00:51:19--> 00:51:21

or the mud juice of Persia.

00:51:23--> 00:51:24

That's why

00:51:27--> 00:51:27

when

00:51:30--> 00:51:33

the Romans defeated the Persians,

00:51:34--> 00:51:37

it was a day of celebration for the Muslims.

00:51:40--> 00:51:46

Because even though these two people, the Persians, and the Romans are non Muslims,

00:51:48--> 00:51:53

one was closer to the Muslims than the other, and the Romans and so the Romans were Christians.

00:51:54--> 00:51:57

So these are among the reasons for choosing

00:51:59--> 00:51:59

everything.

00:52:00--> 00:52:07

The third lesson that we learn from the story of the first hijra,

00:52:08--> 00:52:12

was the firmness and the steadfastness of the Sahaba Radi Allahu Anhu.

00:52:15--> 00:52:17

And so they held tight to their principles.

00:52:19--> 00:52:21

They did not compromise on them,

00:52:22--> 00:52:25

even though they knew that they could be in danger.

00:52:26--> 00:52:27

And so we mentioned how

00:52:29--> 00:52:33

they decided that we are going to speak the truth, no matter what happens.

00:52:35--> 00:52:36

You know, we're in a dangerous situation.

00:52:38--> 00:52:39

Quraysh have come after us now.

00:52:40--> 00:52:41

They're not leaving us alone.

00:52:44--> 00:52:45

They're plotting and planning.

00:52:47--> 00:52:48

What should we do?

00:52:50--> 00:52:53

And so the truth for them

00:52:54--> 00:52:57

was more valuable and more important.

00:52:58--> 00:53:01

Even if it means we're going to be handed over, so be it.

00:53:02--> 00:53:11

And so, when they went to a new Joshi, they did not lie. He didn't make up a story. They didn't say in order to please Him.

00:53:12--> 00:53:15

They didn't say we believe that He is a son of God, or you, Saudi, etc.

00:53:17--> 00:53:26

but rather they spoke the truth. What we learned from this is to follow in the footsteps of the Sahaba or the Allahu Allah

00:53:28--> 00:53:44

and not to compromise on our deen and our principles. And so for them, their religion came first, not their lives. For them, their Deen came first, not their lives.

00:53:45--> 00:53:46

Unfortunately, Muslims today

00:53:48--> 00:53:53

it's not only their life, forget about their lives, but their comfort

00:53:55--> 00:53:56

and they're luxuries.

00:53:58--> 00:54:05

They're willing to give up the truth for the sake of their comfortable lives and their luxuries and their convenience.

00:54:06--> 00:54:09

They're willing to compromise for that.

00:54:11--> 00:54:17

And they say, there are Muslims out there who say today, we're living in this society.

00:54:18--> 00:54:20

You know, we shouldn't rock the boat.

00:54:23--> 00:54:27

Let us refrain from speaking about certain aspects of Islam.

00:54:29--> 00:54:36

Even though they are fundamental aspects of Islam. Why? Because it's going to cause problems in the society in which we're living in.

00:54:38--> 00:54:41

It's going to, you know, pose a threat to us.

00:54:45--> 00:54:49

And so what we learned from this is something very important. And that is

00:54:51--> 00:54:58

that we should not compromise on the fundamentals of our deen, who should uphold them and speak the truth. No matter what happens

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

The fourth lesson that we learn

00:55:04--> 00:55:07

is that the Sahaba would not give him to the local traditions

00:55:09--> 00:55:12

that would contradict Islamic teachings and principles.

00:55:14--> 00:55:21

However, if there was something that did not contract with Islam, then they will adopt it.

00:55:22--> 00:55:23

And so

00:55:25--> 00:55:28

this is a very important lesson for us to learn as well.

00:55:29--> 00:55:30

That when you live

00:55:31--> 00:55:32

in a society

00:55:35--> 00:55:36

of non Muslims,

00:55:38--> 00:55:41

hold on to your deen and do not imitate the people around you

00:55:43--> 00:55:46

do not adopt their way of life

00:55:47--> 00:56:09

do not adopt their practices and their habits. If they contradict the teachings of Islam, if they don't contradict the teachings of Islam, then there's nothing wrong with that, but where they contradict the teachings of Islam, we have to oppose and we cannot adopt those practices. And so where do we learn this?

00:56:11--> 00:56:13

In the story of the Hydra

00:56:14--> 00:56:27

unrebutted house when he came to the ANU Joshi, he said to him, beware, when these people they come to you, when these Muslims come to you, beware, they will not make sujood for you.

00:56:29--> 00:56:36

And it was the customer the people that whoever enters upon the Najafi they would make scheduled

00:56:37--> 00:56:40

and so when they came in when the Muslims came in,

00:56:42--> 00:56:48

indeed amarilla house was correct. And they did not make scheduled.

00:56:49--> 00:57:00

So then a Joshi became angry, and he asked them why they didn't make sujood like everybody else. And so the Muslims, they said, We do not make sudo to anyone besides Allah.

00:57:03--> 00:57:05

And so this is a very, very important lesson for us.

00:57:07--> 00:57:13

Since we live as a minority, it does not mean that we blend in

00:57:14--> 00:57:16

and we assimilate

00:57:18--> 00:57:20

into this society,

00:57:22--> 00:57:27

adopting the way of life of the kuffar imitating them,

00:57:28--> 00:57:38

especially in those things that contradict the teachings of Islam, especially matters related to our Elpida and our beliefs.

00:57:40--> 00:57:41

The fifth lesson that we learn

00:57:43--> 00:57:50

is the importance of being organized and appointing a leader.

00:57:51--> 00:57:52

And so

00:57:53--> 00:58:07

what we learned in the story was that the Muslims when they were told that the inner Joshi wants to speak to them, they came together and they did Shura. They consulted one another.

00:58:08--> 00:58:12

It was not that one of them said, Okay, I'm gonna go and he's not going to

00:58:14--> 00:58:15

consult anyone. No, they came together

00:58:18--> 00:58:19

the devise the plan,

00:58:20--> 00:58:21

they were organized.

00:58:22--> 00:58:30

And they said only one of us is going to speak. So that, you know, it doesn't look like we're an organized

00:58:31--> 00:58:33

and we are chaotic.

00:58:34--> 00:58:53

And so they appointed a leader and a spokesperson and that was Jaffa Ibn Abu Talib Ravi, Allah who I am. And so this teaches us that Muslims wherever we are, we have to live in an organized way. We have to have a Gemma and work together.

00:58:54--> 00:58:56

And so Islam is not an individual thing

00:58:58--> 00:58:59

where you do it on your own.

00:59:00--> 00:59:09

But rather many of the teachings of Islam are on a collective level to teach us the spirit of Elijah now

00:59:11--> 00:59:13

the sixth lesson that we learn

00:59:15--> 00:59:21

is that living in a non Muslim land comes with a lot of fitna

00:59:23--> 00:59:29

and fitna is of two kinds. You have the fitna of Shubho hat

00:59:30--> 00:59:31

of doubts,

00:59:33--> 00:59:44

you know, doubts concerning Islam, that the enemies of Islam they spread. You know, is Islam the truth? Is it not doubts concerning Allah's existence for example, Shubo hat

00:59:45--> 00:59:48

and the other kind of fitna is the fitna of Shabbat,

00:59:50--> 00:59:51

lustful desires

00:59:54--> 00:59:54

and so

00:59:57--> 01:00:00

we see when the moon

01:00:00--> 01:00:04

somes, were in UN Habitat. They were surrounded by fitna

01:00:05--> 01:00:12

because they are living in a society that does not enforce the Sharia.

01:00:14--> 01:00:22

And so I'm happy that we mentioned was the daughter of Abu Sophia. And she was one of the early Muslims.

01:00:24--> 01:00:34

For her to leave her luxurious life and migrate was a big sacrifice. You know, she was a daughter of one of the leaders of courage. I will Sophia

01:00:36--> 01:00:38

Abyssinia was a foreign land for her

01:00:39--> 01:00:42

when her husband reached Abyssinia,

01:00:44--> 01:00:45

he apostate it.

01:00:46--> 01:00:47

He left Islam

01:00:50--> 01:00:52

obey the law, even Josh was his name.

01:00:54--> 01:00:55

And

01:00:57--> 01:01:03

this was a man who went through different phases in his life. He kept on flipping back and forth

01:01:04--> 01:01:09

switching religions. Eventually, when he reached Abyssinia, he became a Christian.

01:01:11--> 01:01:16

And the most influential person for a woman is her husband.

01:01:18--> 01:01:22

And so, um, Habiba went through a very difficult time. Imagine

01:01:24--> 01:01:32

she is all alone. Now. She had to separate because, you know, a Muslim woman cannot remain with a Catholic husband.

01:01:34--> 01:01:41

But keeping in mind all of these factors, you know, keeping in mind that she comes from a prestigious family,

01:01:43--> 01:01:45

she could easily go back to the comfort of her home.

01:01:49--> 01:01:51

She's a woman all by herself.

01:01:52--> 01:02:01

She remains strong and steadfast and was able to hold on firm to her Deen, even under these circumstances.

01:02:04--> 01:02:07

And so without a doubt, when you are living

01:02:09--> 01:02:10

among non Muslims,

01:02:12--> 01:02:20

you're going to be faced with the fitness of Shewhart and the fitness of Shabbat. And what that requires from us is

01:02:21--> 01:02:32

to oppose and remain strong and steadfast in the face of these tests and these trials. Finally, the last point,

01:02:33--> 01:02:36

what is the ruling of Hijra in Islam.

01:02:39--> 01:03:04

And so, the scholars they mentioned that if a Muslim is unable to establish the essential practices of Islam, then they must go elsewhere. They must make Hijra Hijra in this case becomes obligatory when one is unable to freely and openly practice the essential aspects of Islam

01:03:05--> 01:03:07

then he has to find another home.

01:03:08--> 01:03:12

In this case, Hijra becomes worship.

01:03:14--> 01:03:24

However, if a Muslim is able to establish the essential teachings of Islam, and freely practice Islam without hindrance,

01:03:25--> 01:03:37

then in this case, he does not have to leave. But Hydra is Mooster hub, it is encouraged. This is what sheer ignorance I mean, Rahim Mahalo to high dimensions

01:03:39--> 01:03:48

that we have these two rulings for hijra, one where it is obligatory, and one where it is not obligatory, but it is encouraged.

01:03:49--> 01:03:51

And so that's because

01:03:52--> 01:03:58

of the consensus of the Muslims that it is not allowed for Muslims to live

01:03:59--> 01:04:01

among non Muslims

01:04:02--> 01:04:09

do too many Hadith among that hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, I have nothing to do with a Muslim who lives among the machete code.

01:04:10--> 01:04:20

So, this is a warning for those who wish to remain living among non Muslims.

01:04:22--> 01:04:29

Now, the scholars have mentioned various conditions that allow a Muslim to live in a non somewhere.

01:04:30--> 01:04:43

Again, surely benefits I mean, he mentioned these conditions, he says the first that he has to have knowledge by which he can protect his Elpida in his Eman from Shubo hats

01:04:45--> 01:04:46

and then he explains how

01:04:48--> 01:04:59

you know in non Muslim lands, the enemies of Islam are active in spreading lies about Islam and dots and these dots are going to enter the hearts of any Muslim

01:05:00--> 01:05:09

Those who live in those lands without a doubt. So, the condition to live there is you have to have knowledge that can protect you from the Shabbat. The second he says

01:05:10--> 01:05:17

that he has Eman and a strong Deen by which he can protect himself from Shaohua.

01:05:20--> 01:05:21

And so,

01:05:23--> 01:05:24

when you have Chawan that are

01:05:25--> 01:05:26

open

01:05:28--> 01:05:41

all around you and access to it is so easy. You need to have strong man and strong DNA in order to oppose that. Thirdly, he says that there has to be a reason for why he is living there.

01:05:43--> 01:05:44

Like

01:05:45--> 01:05:47

he happened to be born there.

01:05:48--> 01:05:50

It's not that he came here on his own choice

01:05:52--> 01:06:15

or he went there to study to study something that you know is not available in Muslim lands or he went there for business or he went there for medical treatment or he went there for Dalit purposes. So, the point is that there has to be a reason for why Muslims

01:06:17--> 01:06:21

you know, leave their Muslim countries and come to live

01:06:22--> 01:06:43

in a non Muslim country. So this is what he mentioned. And this is what we can briefly summarize concerning the ruling of Hijra in Islam. And without we come to the end of this very, very important event in the Sierra and the life of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam next week, we'll move on to

01:06:44--> 01:06:51

a few major events that happened after this, after this period of the first Hydra.

01:06:53--> 01:07:07

Until then, Subhanak Allah who will be Hambrick shredwell La ilaha illa and pesto Fuuka Tobu Lake wa sallahu wa salam ala Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Ultramarine was Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh