Declaring the Islamic Khilāfah
Channel: Kamil Ahmad
File Size: 32.06MB
There has been much discussion recently concerning the announcement of the Islamic Khilafah in Iraq. What is the correct Islamic position regarding this announcement and how should Muslims deal with it?
Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. While early, he was so happy he married me back
in the year 1924,
the Islamic khilafah
And that was the Ottoman Empire, which ruled for almost 500 years. And before them, you had other philosophers that ruled the entire Muslim ummah.
And this was a continuation
of the hereafter after the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
Now, since then, since the Hara fulfill, almost 100 years ago, there have been many attempts
to reestablish it.
And most of these attempts, however, were failures.
And so, after
the enemies of Islam,
conquered the Muslim lands, they divided
the various Muslim lands into nation states.
And so what we have today
is this division. So you have several countries that, you know, stretch over the entire Muslim.
However, this year,
there was an announcement a declaration of a silica after almost 100 years.
And so many Muslims are asking many questions.
Is this legitimate?
Are we supposed to go and make hedgerows
and give our give our pledge of allegiance to this new halifa?
What is the position that Muslims are supposed to take?
And these questions
have, you know, been
especially the youth, many among the youth who are excited to see change,
after seeing what has happened to the Muslim Ummah for decades, they want to see change. And so, when they see something similar to this, they become excited. And so, you know, they have they pose these questions.
before we actually get into the discussion,
regarding the legitimacy of this offer,
or you know, any other questions surrounding it,
it must be understood,
it must be well understood, and, you know, we must keep in our mind,
that the only way
to arrive at the truth,
the only way to arrive at the truth, whether it be regarding this issue, or any issue,
any issue no matter how big or small it may be,
the only way to arrive at the truth is by putting aside prejudices, by putting aside our emotions.
And so, you know, once we do that, once we do that, by the will of Allah Subhana, who with data, we will arrive at the truth we will arrive at the truth. And so, our discussion today in sha Allah to Allah is going to be
of the Quran and the Sunnah.
of how the scholars of Islam
starting from the self until our time have understood,
have understood the deen of Allah Islam.
The first point I wanted to mention
that the reestablishment of the Philippines
is something that every single Muslim
It is something that every single Muslim wants. It is something that every single Muslim must wish for.
And this is based on the fact that you know, Allah subhanahu wa Tada. He commanded us to be one
He described us in the Quran as being one oh no we're in a hurry he oma to come on matang wahida
indeed this oma of yours is one ohm.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala commanded us to adhere to one body was removed we have Lila Hi, Jamie and Juana tougher Roku.
Hold fast to the rope of Allah subhanho wa Taala and do not do not divide do not become disunited.
And so the state of the oma today is not the state in which we are supposed to be in.
This division that we see the owner in is not what Allah subhanahu wa tada wants from us.
This is not what Allah subhanho wa Taala has commanded us rather, he has commanded us to be a united
under one leader.
And this concept of the halacha is also mentioned in the Quran where Allah subhanho wa Taala in Surah to know
he says what are the wha hoo, let me know. Well, I'm a little salty hat let's just leave in the home Phil or Mr. larina macabre him. What are you MacKinnon Allah home? Dena tovala home? Where are you back? delanda hoomin Daddy, Daddy Hoshi him. Yeah boo nanny, la Yoshi una be shaped Allah subhanho wa Taala, describing the believers and describing his promise for the believers he says, Allah Subhana who with Allah has promised those who believe and do righteous good deeds
that he will replace for them
in the earth, meaning he will bring successors from among them
to rule in the earth and your loss of heritage without using the term layer stuck leaf in the home,
which basically refers to al Qaeda,
of course, according to the interpretation of some scholars,
and then Allah subhana wa tada says, come unstuck. salaryman publikum,
like he subhanho wa Taala did the same with those before you or before them.
And then a loss of Hannah who Allah says and he will empower
for them their religion that he has become pleased with for them.
And so Allah Subhana which Allah has promised the believers, that he will make them victorious, he will give them the upper hand and he will make them successors in the land, who let that fill up. And so this is the promise of Allah subhanahu wa tada
and also the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned
the khilafah and how it will take place. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned
in the Hadith
that is narrated, or reported in Muslim inanimate, the prophet SAW Selim said, that a new boo a prophet hood will remain, it'll remain among you as long as Allah wills,
then the khilafah, upon the lines of prophethood, will remain and commence
as long as a loss of Hannah who Allah wills, then the corrupt monarchs,
there will be corrupt monarchy, it will take place and it will last for as long as a law wills, then after that, there will be tyrannical kingship that will last for as long as Allah Subhana who were to Allah wills. Then the prophet SAW Selim said, after all, that, there will once again be a lava,
upon the lines of prophethood upon the same
of the Sharia, and the Prophet hood. And so this was mentioned by the prophet SAW 714 100 years ago, we have seen this take place, except for this last stage, which is the hereafter upon the guidance of the Prophet hood.
And so the last tool that we had on Earth, most of them were corrupt. And this we have seen, and then after that we've had kinships, we've have we've had monarchies that have ruled in tyrannical ways. And so this is the Prophet hood. This is the prophecy of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that we are seeing, taking place with our own eyes. Now there is an H ma
a unanimous consensus among the scholars of the oma
regarding the obligation regarding the obligation to appoint one leader
for the entire Muslim.
And so the issue of Darfur is not something that we consider to be a side issue.
The scholars unanimously agree, the scholars of the past and the present all agree that it is obligatory upon the owner, to establish to appoint one ruler for all of them. And, you know, this man has been cited by many different scholars, and so even tanea, he says, it is obligatory to know that the office in charge of commanding over the people meaning the Hereafter, is one of the greatest obligations, one of the greatest obligations of the dean, he goes on to say, in fact, there is no establishment of the dean without it.
This is the opinion of the self such as football, you live in a yard and in a hammock and others.
And so, you know, the issue of the cadaver is, without a doubt, a very, very important issue.
And, as I mentioned, the scholars unanimously agree that, you know, the owner is supposed to appoint one ruler to rule over them. And so this is
an example of fotografia,
which means that a group of the owner is supposed to fulfill this obligation, if they do not, then the entire owner is to blame, and will be held accountable and is basically at sin.
However, what the scholars have said,
that, in times of necessity,
terms of necessity, such as the times we live in today, where,
you know, the Muslims, the khilafah, has been taken away from them, and they don't have the ability to re establish it. In such a case, they are not at sin,
but they should appoint a ruler to govern the affairs of each locality,
of the Muslim population. And so what we have today is, you know,
a replacement of that,
in that, you know, we're living in a time of necessity, where we don't have the data,
nor do we have the ability to establish it.
the issue of the caliphate is very important, as I mentioned.
And it is something that each and every single Muslim, aspires for, and has the wish to see one on the united behind, behind one ruler.
Now, regarding what we are seeing today,
in Iraq, where we have
an individual who has claimed the lava,
and we have a group of Muslims who are behind him, who have given him the, the pledge of allegiance, how do we look at this? How do we analyze it?
Firstly, let's look at it from the historical perspective.
And so throughout history,
there have been instances where
certain individuals emerged
and declared the khilafah for themselves. This was at a time when they were already
when they were already believers.
And we can say basically, that
these individuals belong to one of two camps,
either the average or
those who claimed to be maddies.
Those who claimed to be maddies.
you had early on in Islamic history when the heritage first emerged. After the time of the Sahaba. You had various leaders of the cottage who tried
to proclaim the khilafah for themselves.
And they even have people who follow them, but most practically all of these individuals there
They were killed. And you know, their khilafah disappeared. And so, we have several examples, we have in the time of the fifth Khalifa of the Benny omiya Abdul Malik bin Marwan
in his time,
there was an individual from the Hawaii bridge by the name of shabba. He declared that he was the halifa.
And he wanted people to follow him.
However, he was very quickly killed, we also have in the same era of urban Marwan.
And in the era of hijab in Yusuf
there was an individual who is basically the leader of a sect from among the average who are known as the Azhar yoga. His name was ebin Fujairah, he declared to be the halifa. And many Muslims followed him and gave him they gave him Pledge of Allegiance. And he, you know, cause a lot of bloodshed for over 30 years. This was when in the time of hijab and Yusuf who was known for his very strong hand, for his own bloodshed, he was known, and yet even he was not able to put an end to, you know, the bloodshed of this individual from among the hawara ebenen Fujairah. But eventually, he was killed, and you know, his fitna was over with. And then in the time
in the year 140, after the Hydra,
another individual from among the average this time from another sect from manoharan, the abaya, an individual known as Abdullah, even some, he also claimed to be the halifa.
And four years later, he was also killed, he was also killed. And so we had several individuals from mungo, Hawaii, who claimed, who claimed to be Halifax. In fact, there was a time in the fifth Islamic century in Muslim Spain, in Al Andalus. Where were
in one time in one year, at the same time, there were six different individuals who claim to be the halifa.
six different people who claimed the lava and this was in one region in under us, not in different places in the Muslim Empire.
And so what do we see as being the result of all of these fake claims to the Hereafter, we see that each and every single one of them was quickly
killed. And you know, his fitna was
We also have, as I mentioned, several who claimed to be Matthews, through Islamic history. And you know, they are too many to mention.
And this claim to be the melody is because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned that the melody will come at the end of time, when there will be much injustice and oppression on earth. And he will rally the Muslims behind him, and he will be the leader of the Muslims. And he will bring justice to the earth after it was filled with injustice. And so several people claimed to be that Maddie, the most recent of them was, you know, several decades ago, about 30 or 40 years ago.
in Medina, an individual he came and claimed to be the McAfee and he called people to give him beta. And it was a huge fitna. And, you know, he went to the Kaaba and ask the people to give him bail, because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned that the Matthew when he comes, that is what he will do. He will take Baos from the people between between the two corners of the Kaaba, between the Yemeni corner and, and the Blackstone.
So there was a lot of bloodshed, and he was also killed. He was also killed. And so there were many claims
And so if we were to look at it, historically, there were many claims, and all of these claims were fake.
They were fake claims to whoever. And as we can see, each and every single one of them was killed and
You know, his fitna was dispersed.
Now, let us look at it from
an Islamic perspective.
What does Islam say regarding
the philosopher establishing it,
who is a legitimate halifa,
who is supposed to appoint the halifa etc.
First of all,
there are many conditions that the scholars have mentioned regarding who is fit to be the halifa of the Muslims.
these conditions are general among who is supposed to be fit to be in charge of the affairs of the Muslim, whether he be the halifa of the entire Muslim oma or whether he be the leader of a certain group among the Muslims governing their appearance. And so, they mentioned many conditions, such as he has to be a Muslim he has to be male, he has to be an adult, he has to be saying many conditions they mentioned among the most important of these conditions is or two conditions. And they are el Matura and attempting and Matura and attempt ke
l Matura is basically
to consult who basically a group amongst society who are known as a whole hell will act and will hell will act. And they are basically the scholars and the noble individuals in society, those who have a say, in the affairs of the Muslims.
So, we have the scholars and also the note notable individuals in the society, they are basically what is known as hell will act. And so, in order for anyone to be appointed, as a leader of the Muslims, they must be consulted. Without their consultation. No one
is basically declared to be the leader of the Muslims, or the halifa
of the Muslims. And this is based on what Rama rhodiola, who has mentioned, which has been reported in Sahih al Bukhari Rama rubeola, when he says that whoever gives pledge of allegiance, whoever gives pledge of allegiance to anyone among you, without consulting the other Muslims, then neither that individual nor the one who the beta is being given to, neither of them are to be supported, less they both be killed.
And so, the Allahu and feared was
that if the vast majority of the Muslims are not consulted in such great affairs, then there would be bloodshed, and this is what he meant by this statement. And so, the point here is that without al Matura, without this condition,
no one can be declared as being the leader of the Muslims, why? Because it would cause it would cause bloodshed, for, you know, if it was permissible, if it was permissible to simply announce that anyone can be the halifa without consulting
the Muslims and those who have authority over them, then this would lead to you know, pretty much anyone
and everyone coming out and saying that, you know, I am the halifa.
as we can see, one of the most important conditions of appointing the halifa is this condition of admission. Now, let us analyze what has taken place
regarding the declaration of the khilafah that we have seen in these days. What they have claimed is
that they approached,
a whole hell will occurred.
And they gave him the green light, but who are a whole hell will act according to them. They are basically their own supporters,
they consider a little held will act, to be their own followers and not
the notables, not the scholars who are living in their area.
And so, what we can see here is, firstly,
That they don't have the support of hell, we're locked in their own locality.
and the people of authority in Iraq and Syria have not given them any support.
This is on the one hand, on the other hand,
if we were to say
okay, he can be the leader of that area, where he is ruling, but how about the entire Muslim on that?
that you know, what has become the halifa of the Muslims, it requires
not only the consultation of the people in that area where he is, but the consultation of the scholars throughout the Muslim throughout the Muslim.
And so, what we can see here is that this new halifa does not have
any support, not among his own people, not among the scholars, and the people of authority in his own area, nor, nor anywhere else in the Muslim ummah.
Now, there are many people who bring forth a hadith
in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,
Men matter, men matter, well as a man, Mater Mita Tanja helia, there whoever died without having given pledge of allegiance to an Imam,
to a leader, then he has died
a death of Jehovah.
was asked about this Howdy.
What is considered to be an enum? And so Mmm. And he said,
he said, Do you know what an email really is? In the context of this Hadith, he said, the Imam is he whom all the Muslims whom all the Muslims agree on. All of them say that this is our Imam, this is our leader.
And so what that means is
the URL Matura
consulting the little HelloWorld is one of the conditions for the validity of any claim of any claim to the data. The second condition, the second condition that I mentioned, was that a victim key
that of attempting, attempting basically means empowerment,
power and ability to ward off the harm of the enemies
the land where this leader is ruling
and protecting the lives of those who are under him.
If we were to analyze
this current claim to the khilafah, we will see that
this current halifa
is not only weak, to defend himself and his own followers, but even those around him, even those in the neighboring countries. And so what are the conditions
an individual to claim the philosophy is
that he needs to be powerful. He needs to be powerful enough to protect his land and to protect the surrounding lands and to protect his subjects, those who are under him.
if he is not able to
protect, you know, his own locality, his own area where he is,
he's not able to protect his own people.
Then how about the entire Muslim Omar, who he claims to be a halifa for
as we can see,
this current claim to the helaba
does not fulfill this condition of a Tamkeen of empowerment. Here I want to bring to our attention, a very important difference
and that is
That, you know, one
become the ruler of a certain area
of a certain land.
And he captures that land by force.
In this case, he can be the legitimate ruler of that of that area
of that area, if he comes and takes it by force.
But that does not mean that he becomes the halifa for the entire Muslim owner.
So, the least we can say is that this individual who has claimed to be the halifa of the Muslims,
the least we can say is that he is a ruler ruling in that particular land where he is that particular part of Iraq, or of Syria, not over the rest of the oma. And this we have seen throughout Islamic history, where there have been
certain nations that emerged, even when there was a main khilafah in place, even when there was a main khilafah in place. And the scholars basically said that these rulers are legitimate rulers in their particular localities, but they are not rulers for the entire for the entire Muslim.
another very important point to mention here
is that if we were to examine,
if we were to examine certain
nations, certain nations that tried to implement the Sharia and tried to have an Islamic rule.
Some of them who were successful in doing that, did not rush
to proclaim the halacha they do not rush to proclaim the hereafter.
And so, we have several examples of this.
We have, for example, the Ottoman Empire,
the Turks, who ruled for 500 years
before they came into power, and before they proclaimed the lava.
They started as a small family
and earth man, the family of Earth man, that's why they're called a dolla Earth mania,
the Ottoman Empire
they are basically ascribe to this family of algorithmen.
This family ruled over a part of Turkey and expanded. They expanded gradually.
And this was 300 years before,
before they announced there, however, this was 300 years before they announced their khilafah. And then their khilafah lasted for 500 years. We have also the example
the Saudi state. The current Saudi state
is one of three, many people are unaware of the current Saudi state
is the third Saudi state there were two others before this.
And the two others before this current Saudi state, even though
they establish rule over a huge, vast part of the Arabian Peninsula, not once did they not once did they claim the halacha. And even after the healer fulfill not they did not they did not rush to proclaim the crap. And then we have in our times, we have in our time certain attempts by certain
Muslims who came into power in certain Muslim countries. They did not rush to proclaim the hereafter such as in mid Stan, when the Taliban took over and rule the country for a few years. They did not rush to proclaim the hereafter. Why because they learned from history that when you rush to proclaim the whenever it is unwise, it is unwise and illogical to do so.
Now, if we were to analyze what has taken place today,
in terms of the Declaration of the Hereafter,
we can see that many evils, many calamities many tribulations have
come out of this incident.
among these evils among these calamities
is that announcing the harasser in this particular manner, in this particular way,
it demolishes the entire purpose, the entire objective of the khilafah what is the objective of the khilafah
The objective of having a philosopher is to preserve the sanctity to preserve the sanctity of Islam, and to basically govern, to govern the land by by Islam.
And so, when we do not have a halacha
when we do not have a cadaver,
we cannot establish the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala. We cannot guard Islam from their enemies, as we are seeing, as we are seeing today, among the evils, and among the tribulations that have resulted in the current events is
that those who have proclaimed the Halawa today
they basically consider that the entire owner
is committing an offense, that the entire owner is at sin for not supporting this collapse, as a result, what it has resulted in his, these individuals making the blood of Muslims.
And so what we have seen in Syria, and in Iraq, is that they are killing innocent Muslims, who refuse to give their pledge of allegiance to this newly founded halifa. And we all know of the great crime, and how severe it is with the loss of Hannah who went to Allah to shed the blood of an innocent Muslim among the evils, and among the tribulations that have resulted from the current events
is that it has
distorted the image of Islam by showing that, you know, Islam is a religion, of bloodshed, that it revolves around killing and beheading, as we have seen, you know, recently when they beheaded
an American journalist,
and this method of killing and beheading
was never done by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Nor was it done by any of the companions, among the evils. And the tribulations that have resulted in the current events
is that it has weakened the Muslims, and in particular the efforts of those who are fighting
an unjust regime in Syria.
And so this group came to Syria from Iraq,
and started to fight the various Muslim groups that are fighting an unjust ruler. And so, it has led to disunity among the ranks of the Mujahideen and mistrust among them.
Among the evils, and among the tribulations that have resulted in the current from the current events, is that
it has given the opportunity for the enemies of Islam
to once again come
and attack Muslim land.
as a result of what
these individuals are doing,
we see once again
that the enemies of Islam
have yet another justification for invading the lands of the Muslims and killing
and attacking innocent Muslim civilians.
I conclude with
a few pieces of advice,
especially for our youth
regarding these current times, these current times of fitna
even if, after all, what he what we have mentioned today
of the illegitimacy of this proclaimed khilafah.
Even if after all that we have mentioned, you are still not convinced
of the wrong
and the falsehood of what these individuals are upon,
at least consider it to be a fitna. And what did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam advises regarding times of fitna.
In the hadith of Deva 8 million are the Allahu Allah who used to always ask the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about the times of fitna about the future. And the prophet SAW Selim always used to answer him. And so one of the things that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned is that in the future, there will be a lot of disunity. There will be a lot of fitna, so today for as the prophet SAW Selim, what should I do in such times, so the prophet SAW Selim said, stick to the main body of the Muslims and their leaders. If, if there is no leader, if there is no main Jamaat main body of the Muslims, then the prophet SAW Selim said, then withdraw from all of them, stay away from
all of them, even if you have to bite onto the trunk of a tree and die in that state than to it.
And so if after everything that we have mentioned, you are still not convinced, then at least consider this to be a fitna. And the best thing to do in times of fitna is to stay away from all parties, stay away from all groups, and stick to yourself.
Another very important piece of advice
that we need to be patient in times of fitna, we need to be patient, we are seeing a lot of atrocities being committed against Muslims. We are seeing a lot of things unfolding in the world today. And so in these times, we need to have patience. And we need to stay far away from jumping to conclusions and judgments.
And we need to stick when we need to stick and refer to the people of knowledge in such times
in the time of the Sahaba as the Muslim Empire was expanding holiday Lee,
who was a commander of the Muslim army, as well as a border leader in Georgia, they used to refer these to write letters to the scholars from among, among the Sahaba, who used to live Not, not on the frontiers of the Muslim borders, rather, they used to live in Hejaz in Mecca and Medina. And so what is the lesson that we gained from this, that in times of fitna, and even if you are
in the trenches of the battles, don't forget to refer to the scholars and the people of knowledge.
Another very, very important piece of advice, and I conclude with this
is that we need to stay
on the middle course.
We need to remember that there are always two extremes.
And in between there is always a middle path.
And so today
the concept of jihad
is under attack
from an enemy that doesn't want it in its entirety.
And we are seeing it from those who want it. But they don't know how to apply it. And so the middle course, is to stay away from both stay away from the enemies who want to completely destroy
this concept of jihad in Islam, and even the hypocrites who are among the Muslims, who say that there is no such thing as
To disbelievers rather, jihad is only the Jihad of the knifes.
This is one extreme.
And then we have those who want jihad, and they are sincere and honest, but they don't know how to apply it. And so, the middle course that we need to take, is to stay away from both extremes and remain upon that middle path. We asked the loss of Hannah who went to Hana to guide our youth to the truth, to guide them to remain upon that middle path. And away from all extremes. We ask Allah subhanahu wa tada to grant His glory and mite to the Muslims around the world and to destroy his enemies and our enemies. Also Lola who was Salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi adjumani