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Characteristics of the Servants of al-Raḥmān

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Kamil Ahmad

Channel: Kamil Ahmad

Episode Notes

What does it mean to be a true servant of al-Rahman (the Most Merciful)? Allah has mentioned some of the characteristics of the servants of al-Rahman toward the end of Surah al-Furqan. Do you fit the description?

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Hey Nina show you Ponyo. Raji Are you

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ready now?

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All we have una de la hora de humo de humare Jae Hee Luna colusa

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wadena de una de Rob be him sujet de

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la de PUE Rob de Nasri.

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in

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Kandahar on in

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Moscow around the corner with a lady Ada

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de feu lm eoco to Canada in a little

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while leadin la de

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la isla Han

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yaku Luna Neff seletti hellbrunn Allahu

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co

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many of

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you

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Lu d mu Hana Illa

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No, I mean I'm alone so

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he can you do say to him has

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worked

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for Rashi

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I mean, all swag he hung in to LA he met

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when lady in LA,

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Zoo LA, Rue de la Rosa we know ruukki Ronna, well, Kadena eager to kill the area to be him Lamia, Riley house.

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Me Anna when Lady nyako Luna Rob Donna Helena Nene aza. Gina will do react. Tina kurata. Are you in order?

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tokina in

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the mouse Oh, what do you look at?

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He was

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Holly de hacer una Mustafa

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Karna

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de como de la jolla

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cerca de

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Koo Luiza

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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah. While early he was so happy he ajumma in America.

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These verses that were recited are from suta tool for corn.

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They are the last verses of surah tool for corn.

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And these verses basically a loss of Hannah who Allah mentioned to us in them

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the characteristics or the qualities or the traits of a bad man

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the characteristics of the servants of man, the servants of a loss of Hannah who want to hide

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and although every single human being

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is

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a servant of Allah subhanho wa Taala every single creature is a slave and a servant of Allah subhana wa Tada. However, what is meant here in these verses, or those servings of a loss of Hannah who were to Hannah, who

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choose to submit themselves to a loss of Hannah who were to Anna consciously

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and so there are the servants of Allah subhana wa tada every single human being,

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he is a servant of Allah Subhana who data However, there are those

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among human beings who choose to be submissive, servants and slaves of a loss of Hannah who want to highlight

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as for those who choose not to submit to Allah Subhana who would data

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then they have some

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emitted themselves to others,

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whether they be others who they worship, directly Gods idols, whatever they worship besides Allah, or whether they have chosen to be servants and slaves of their own selves and their own desires. Either way, they are not submissive servants of Allah Subhana who went ahead. And so we should keep in mind

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that the servant of Allah subhanho wa tada

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of whom Allah subhana wa tada mentioned in these verses, he is different than ordinary people, he is different than ordinary people.

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And so, being given the honor of having the title of a bad or rough man,

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the servings of ramen, it implies that a loss of Hannah who with data has become satisfied with these people,

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with these people who have these characteristics, and so here in these verses,

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that we recited and now that we will ensure Allahu taala cover and explain a loss of Hannah who attalla describes

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11 to 13 different characteristics and qualities, which basically raise a human being,

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from the level of being ordinary people to being the beloved slaves and servants of Allah Subhana. Who, what?

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And so Allah Subhana who would Allah says, What are you doing, man?

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Allah subhanho wa Taala starts by mentioning

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the servants of man.

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And so they are, they are the servants of Allah Subhana Allah but Allah subhanho wa Taala here,

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associates them, or attributes them to his name All right, man.

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And All right man is from one of the most noble lists of allies names.

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It refers to allies Mercy is all encompassing mercy that encompasses this entire creation.

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And so they are His servants. They are the servants of the Most Merciful. Why are you bad dude rush man, Illa de una Yamuna, Ana de Helena,

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Allah subhana wa tada tells us here, the first characteristic of a bad man.

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And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth.

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easily.

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They walk upon the earth with humility.

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And so, this implies that they do not walk upon the earth,

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filled with arrogance, they are not ignorant, they are not arrogant people.

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And so just because they may be physically superior to others, or materialistically,

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they may have strength or they may be wealthy and powerful.

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Still, they walk upon the earth, full of humility. And they remember

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that whatever Allah Subhana, who Allah has bestowed them, whatever they have, it is

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a blessing from a loss of Hannah who attacked and so

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they walk upon the earth in a modest way,

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in a humble way. However, this does not mean

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this does not mean that

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they walk leisurely

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or

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in a slow manner.

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Because we know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from his Sunnah was to walk swiftly

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to walk with firm quick steps.

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And so this is the way to walk, not slowly, leisurely and not quickly, running rather, in a modest way,

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and full of humility and humbleness.

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And so in this connection, Allah subhanho wa Taala brings our attention to the first characteristic of a bad man the servants of man.

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He brings our attention to the way that they move,

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the way they carry themselves. And that is because

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a person is known in the way he walks in the way he interacts in the way he moves.

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himself.

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And so even before a person gets to know you, he could tell you, he could tell a lot about you, just from the way you walk, just from the way you carry yourself, just from the way you move. And so, this verse, it basically means to imply that the servants of a rock man, they can easily be recognized, by the way they carry themselves, by the way, they move among people, their attitude of Allah's worship, and his obedience has changed themselves. And so they are changed

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by the clock of a true believer. And so, it can be seen from first sight that these individuals,

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they are noble, they are humble. They are good natured people. They are not arrogant. And so as a result, it is not expected that they would indulge in evil. Somebody who walks in a humble way. It's not unexpected

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that this person he indulges himself in evil and the way of the wicked.

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Then Allah subhana wa tada mentions to us the second characteristic of the servants of man, what either whoa tada who Mangia he Luna or Luciana.

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And they are those when the ignorant,

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the foolish.

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They address them. When the ignorant tend to foolish, talk to them in a harsh way. They reply back with Salam.

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They reply back with mild words, with junk with gentleness.

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And so notice how here Allah subhanho wa Taala says what either ha todo mucho de Lune.

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Allah says when that the ignorant and foolish address them

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a lot does not say if the ignorant and foolish address them know, when the ignorant and the foolish address them meaning. They are for sure.

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The true slaves of a loss of Hannah who without a for sure.

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They will be addressed by the ignorant and foolish with harsh words

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with

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mocking words, for sure it's going to happen.

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And so Allah subhana wa, tada tells us, that when they are addressed with such people,

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how do they respond? They don't respond in kind, they don't

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respond, they don't reply and respond in vengeance in revenge. They don't try to get back at those who insulted them. Rather, they reply

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with Salaam, with peaceful,

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gentle words.

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And so they don't want to fight back.

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They don't want to respond in kind to the to these ignorant and foolish people.

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And so the servants of Allah Subhana, who attended the true servants of a loss of Hannah who Adana, they don't get themselves drawn into fights, into into arguments that are useless.

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They are those who have the best of manners. And so through such manners, they will be able to attract others, these foolish and ignorant people, they'll be able to attract them to the truth to the truth of the listener.

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Not only that, but others

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who are watching.

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They'll be able to attract their hearts.

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Why is it that these people are being mocked? Why is it that they are being ridiculed by these ignorant people? And yet these individuals are not responding in kind.

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What's the reason?

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What is this characteristic that these people have that caused them to do that?

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And this is how Allah subhanho wa Donna has commanded His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to be.

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And so in Surah facilite Allah subhanho wa Taala says, when a tester will have to witness a year, the good deed and the evil deed are not equal. They are not equal

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is the ability here to

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repel evil

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Without which is better, don't repel evil, in kind, repel evil, ward off evil, the evil of others with what is better

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for either lady been a carabiner? Who can Who will you and harm him? If you do that, if you reply with what is better, then you will see

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that the one within the one with whom you had enmity with it will be as if he has become your closest friend. And so even enemies, even your enemies,

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if you reply with what is better,

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it will become as if they are your closest friends.

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And so this is the reality.

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The characteristic of a bad man the true servants of Allah subhanho wa Taala is that when the ignorant and the foolish, address them with harsh ridiculing words, they don't reply in kind. They don't try to get them back. Rather

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they reply with gentleness, they reply

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with what is better. And as we said, this is from among the greatest means that we can use to give Dawa.

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That when the ignorant and the foolish from among the kafar they Marcus, and they attack us

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that we don't respond in kind. Rather, we simply say Salaam.

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We respond with gentle words.

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We don't try to get them back. This will cause your hearts to become softened to the message of Islam. We move on to the next characteristic that Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions.

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One lady nirb tunel Europe be him.

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So john Wakayama,

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will Edina Joby tuna euro be him soojin joaquina and those who spend a portion of the night standing before their Lord subhana wa Tada. prostrating and standing, meaning that the true servings of man are those

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who spend their nights worshiping Allah Subhana who were to Hannah standing and prostrating or a part of the night.

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And since Korea, Malaysia,

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then night prayer is voluntary. It's not obligatory.

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It's something voluntary. What is obligatory are the five dailies for a while.

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But since Korea Malaysia is voluntary,

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the true servants of Allah subhanho wa Taala are those who we know automatically

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because Allah here has told us that they are those who spend a part of their night praying cuyama later, we know automatically, that they are those who have already fulfilled

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their obligatory sun a lot.

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And so we know automatically, that they are those who preserve their five daily sun.

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So how about those who claimed to be servants of the loss of Hannah what data but you find that they are heedless and neglectful of the five dailies on a lot.

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And so

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we know that a bad man the true servants of Allah subhanho wa Taala they are those who after having fulfilled what is obligatory upon them, of

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the daily Salawat after that,

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they get up in the middle of the night.

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And stand before Allah subhana wa tada for this voluntary prayer.

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And because of the many virtues of pm Alain, we should all seek to perform pmla as much as we can,

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as much as is possible for us. And now we are in the 10 last nights of Ramadan. And it is easy for most of us to pray to get up and pray clear I'm late

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because everyone else is doing so.

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But the true servants of man or those who get up every single night or as much as they can

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outside of the month of Ramadan.

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And so

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We should take this opportunity in the month of Ramadan in these last 10 nights

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to pray every single one of these nights so that it could train us for the rest of the year.

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Trust me if you were to pray every single night glioma lane in these last 10 nights, as soon as Ramadan is over, you will automatically want to continue that good that you had started.

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at a loss of Hannah what Allah has told us

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of the characteristic of the believers, that they are those who forsake their beds into such that Allah subhanho wa Taala says that a Jaffa julu manual Mataji

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their sides forsake their beds, meaning that they abandoned their sleep in the middle of the night, yet the owner of the home house on wautoma

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they

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supplicate and pray to Allah subhanho wa Taala invoking their Lord, out of fear and hope.

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Woman merasakan are cool and they are those who spend of that which Allah has given them.

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And so this is the characteristic of the true believer

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that he abandons what is most beloved to him, his sleep and his rest at night. he abandons a part of it, to get up and pray to Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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And among the virtues of gamma Lail, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that the best Salah after the obligatory Salah is

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it is the night Salam Alaikum.

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And so if you want to pray any prayer that is most beloved to Allah subhana wa tada after having fulfilled the daily sauna, what, then get up in the middle of the night of the night, and especially in the last third of the night, when Allah subhana wa tada descends to the lower heavens, asking

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who is out there who is calling upon him? Who is out there who is seeking my forgiveness so that I could answer him so that I could forgive him his sins. And I'll hassanal basri

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he says that I have never found anything of a bad, more severe, more difficult than salaah in the middle of the night. So it was it was said to him, why is it that those who get up in the middle of the night to pray 200? Why is it that they are the ones with the most beautiful faces. And this is something you'll notice that those who actually get up. I'm not talking about in Ramadan, but outside of the month of Ramadan, those who set aside a part of their night to practically emulate, you will notice that they have a different face.

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Their faces shine, their faces are bright. And so he was asked, why is this. And so he says it is because they secluded themselves with a man. They isolated themselves with a loss of Hannah, who were to Hannah. And so he clothed them

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from his nude from his light.

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And so they secluded themselves, when everyone was when everyone else was asleep at night, they got up and isolated themselves with a loss of Hannah who went to Hannah. And so he so Hannah, who attalla gave them of his bounty.

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And another one of the self Solomon a deryni He says, the people of the night in their night are in more enjoyment, then the people of entertainment in their entertainment. And if it was not for the night, I would not have wished to remain in this dunya

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and so,

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the people have the dunia, who enjoy themselves in this dunya you find that they enjoy themselves most when at nighttime. Not in the daytime, but rather at nighttime. As for a bad man, the true servants of man of Allah subhana wa Tada. What are they doing at night? They're not enjoying the dounia they're not enjoying their desires rather, they're fighting their desires. They're fighting their sleep to stand before a loss of Hannah who, what?

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And so this is

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one of the characteristics of our ohana, Allison and Busby also says that here we notice a loss of Hannah who attalla has mentioned so far three care

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First things.

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The first one that he mentioned is what a bad rap man and Latina young shuna handle early honan.

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They are those who walk upon the earth

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with humility

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and hustle and bustle he says this is their characteristic in the daytime.

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This is their characteristic in the daytime

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when Latina Joby tuna Europe be him. So Jaden Wakayama and this is their characteristic at night that they get up and stand before Allah subhanahu wa Tada. In the night. We move on to the next characteristic that Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions of he bagdogra man, one Latina yaku Luna Rob de nos Rhonda jahannam inada Jana harana in the house at moussaka, wrong woman calm

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and they are those who say they pray to Allah subhana wa Tada. They say, Our Lord of words from us the punishment of the hellfire. Indeed, it's punishment is ever inseparable. It is a permanent punishment in the house at monster called Rama Makana evil indeed it is an abode and as a peace a place to reside.

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So their worship,

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the worship of a bagdogra man, of the servants of Allah subhana wa tada

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did not make them proud.

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as some people when they worship

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Allah subhanho wa Taala they become proud, as if they did something huge. And they go, boasting about what they have done. Know, the true servants of Allah subhanho wa Taala are those who their worship has not made them vain. It has not made them proud

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to presume to think that they have become special servants of Allah subhanho wa Taala such that it is impossible for them to enter the hellfire.

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No, after Allah has mentioned that among their characteristics is that they get up in the middle of the night.

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They perform this huge act of a bad Akiyama lay.

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But yet,

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even then, they don't think

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that they have done everything. They don't think that they have done enough for Allah subhana wa Tada. And so right after that Allah subhana wa tada tells us that they are those who asked Allah Subhana who was the healer, to save them from the punishment of the Hellfire of punishment that they describe as being

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inseparable from those who enter it. A punishment that they mentioned, is the most evil of abodes, the most evil of destinations, the most evil place to live and reside.

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And so,

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in spite of their worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala, in spite of their good deeds, in spite of the fact that Allah has praised them, in these verses, of having these characteristics, in spite of all of this,

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they are filled

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with fear of the punishment of the hellfire. And they ask Allah Subhana who would to Allah to prevent them from this punishment?

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And so no one should think

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that paradise and Jenna is guaranteed for them by their deeds alone.

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And this is a common misconception that many have that the more deeds I do.

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The more

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guarantee I have that I will interject.

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On the one hand, yes, this is true, but on the other hand, it is not only because of our deeds, that we are saved from the Hellfire, and we are guaranteed with gender No.

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rather

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more than that, it is because of a loss of bounty. Because Allah has chosen you to be saved from the Hellfire and to be guaranteed with gender.

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And this is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said

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that no one shall enter Paradise. No one absolutely no one will enter

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dies because of his deeds because of his deeds. So the Sahaba they heard the prophet SAW Selim saying this and so they asked, not even you Yasuda law.

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And so he said yes. Not even me. unless Allah subhanahu wa tada bestows His mercy upon me.

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And so we should always remember, no matter how close we are to Allah subhanho wa Taala

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no matter how obedient we have become, no matter how many good deeds we may do, in the end of the day, if it was not for Allah's mercy, if it was not for laws, bounty, and blessing upon us,

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we will not be saved from the punishment of the hellfire. And we would never enter agenda.

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If it was not for Allah subhana wa tada choosing us and preferring us over others.

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And so this is also very important when we give Dawa because a lot of Muslims they say to the Christians that

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our salvation

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is because of our deeds.

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As all the Christians say, accept Jesus

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as your Savior, and you will attain salvation from the Hellfire and live happy life.

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So many Muslims they respond by saying no. In Islam

00:31:38--> 00:31:42

our salvation is due to work and action and deeds.

00:31:44--> 00:31:44

Yes,

00:31:45--> 00:31:50

in one way that is true. However, the proper way of responding is saying

00:31:51--> 00:31:55

that our Savior is Allah subhana wa tada

00:31:56--> 00:32:00

and Allah subhana wa tada saves us from the Hellfire

00:32:01--> 00:32:17

and admits us into Jenna, due to his bounty due to his mercy and due to him preferring us over others. We will we move on to the next characteristic that Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions of very bad old man

00:32:19--> 00:32:27

one lady era era and Saku lamb use LIFO what am yaku what can be in a daddy Coca Cola

00:32:28--> 00:32:31

and they are those who when they spend

00:32:33--> 00:32:36

when they spend, they are neither extravagant

00:32:37--> 00:32:40

nor are they stingy.

00:32:41--> 00:32:47

But rather they choose a moderate middle path between these two extremes.

00:32:49--> 00:32:53

And so once again, notice how Allah subhanho wa Taala says here

00:32:54--> 00:32:56

when lady either and Saku

00:32:58--> 00:33:01

those who when they spend their wealth,

00:33:02--> 00:33:07

and so the true servants of Allah subhanho wa Taala they are those who spent

00:33:10--> 00:33:15

they are those who spent, however, Allah subhanho wa Taala has told us how they spend.

00:33:16--> 00:33:19

And so they behave

00:33:20--> 00:33:23

in a moderate way, a middle way.

00:33:25--> 00:33:34

Not going to one of the two extremes, the one extreme of those who spend not caring about how they spend,

00:33:36--> 00:33:41

nor the other extreme of those who hold on to their wealth and don't spend

00:33:42--> 00:33:44

they're stingy even with themselves.

00:33:46--> 00:34:10

And so, the true servants of Allah subhana wa Tada. They know that whatever wealth they have, it is a blessing from Allah subhana wa tada and he Subhana who Allah gave it to them as a trust, whatever well we have, Allah Subhana who Allah has bestowed it upon us, as in a manner as a trust.

00:34:12--> 00:34:12

And so

00:34:15--> 00:34:24

the true servants of Allah subhana wa Tada. They spend this wealth that Allah has given to them as a trust as as a trust

00:34:25--> 00:34:28

in a way that is most pleasing to Allah subhana wa Tada.

00:34:30--> 00:34:36

And so if somebody gave you money as an Amana as a trust,

00:34:39--> 00:34:40

you would hold on to that.

00:34:42--> 00:34:50

And you wouldn't spend it. If he has given you permission to spend that money, then you would spend it in a wise manner.

00:34:51--> 00:35:00

You would spend it in a wise manner. So how about Allah subhana wa tada who has given us what he has given us out of his bed.

00:35:01--> 00:35:04

It is a trust in our hands.

00:35:05--> 00:35:07

How do we spend it?

00:35:08--> 00:35:15

Are we wise in the way we spend it? Are we extravagant, not caring about how we spend it?

00:35:17--> 00:35:26

Or are we the opposite not spending it, even though Allah subhanho wa Taala wants us to spend what he has given us. And so

00:35:29--> 00:35:46

the Muslim, his first priority is himself and his family. And so Allah subhana wa tada wants us to spend of our wealth upon ourselves and those who are under us.

00:35:48--> 00:35:50

And so we should not be stingy.

00:35:51--> 00:35:58

We should not be greedy in spending on our family members. However,

00:35:59--> 00:36:02

that doesn't mean that we become extravagant.

00:36:03--> 00:36:13

That doesn't mean that we let loose our money, not caring about where it goes, giving it to our children

00:36:14--> 00:36:27

without knowing where they're spending it. And so the true servants of Allah Subhana, who Adana they spend, what Allah subhana wa tada has given them in a modest way.

00:36:28--> 00:36:44

And according to what Islam teaches us extravagance basically means three things to spend, even the smallest amount that we have, but in unlawful ways

00:36:45--> 00:36:46

to spend,

00:36:47--> 00:36:50

what we have in unlawful ways in Iran,

00:36:51--> 00:36:53

whether it be through Riba

00:36:55--> 00:37:01

whether it be through through spending on harem items,

00:37:02--> 00:37:19

all of this comes under spending extravagantly. The second thing that extravagance means in Islam is to go beyond one's resources in expenditure, even if it be in healthcare.

00:37:21--> 00:37:26

And so some people they think, you know, I'm going to spend on my family, and

00:37:27--> 00:37:29

they need this and that, however,

00:37:31--> 00:37:32

I don't have enough.

00:37:33--> 00:37:34

But still I'm going to spend

00:37:36--> 00:37:42

or that I'm going to give to this cause and that cause and in the end, I'm left penniless.

00:37:43--> 00:37:56

This is not what Islam requires of us. Rather, what it requires of us is to be wise in the way we spend. And yes, Allah subhana wa tada wants us to give

00:37:57--> 00:38:00

in South Africa, and he wants us to give a lot.

00:38:02--> 00:38:22

But it doesn't mean that we give everything away until we're left with nothing. The third thing that it means is to spend in righteous ways to spend even in soccer, and to give our wealth in righteous causes, and in the way of a loss of handle with data however,

00:38:23--> 00:38:24

not with the correct intention

00:38:26--> 00:38:35

rather, to simply show off, and the loss of Hannah who has data has mentioned in Surah Al Baqarah, in the verses

00:38:36--> 00:38:38

talking about spending

00:38:39--> 00:38:44

and giving to a lot of good liloan Allah mentions in those verses about those who spend

00:38:47--> 00:38:53

for no other reason, but to show off to show the people that they are giving

00:38:54--> 00:38:56

in the sake of Allah Subhana who would

00:38:59--> 00:39:09

we move on after that to the next characteristic that Allah subhana wa tada tells us of a bagdogra man will lead in Allah to Luna mahalo, he Isla, her,

00:39:10--> 00:39:18

they are those who do not invoke with Allah subhana wa tada in other deity.

00:39:20--> 00:39:39

And so, this is the most important quality that Allah mentions, from the qualities of the true servants of Rama. That they are those who do not associate partners with a loss of Hannah who went ahead

00:39:41--> 00:39:43

and although she

00:39:45--> 00:39:50

is to associate others with Allah subhanho wa Taala in worship.

00:39:53--> 00:39:59

This is known as major shift to direct your worship to other than Allah

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

Hannah who would data or to associate others with a lot in your worship, this is major ship, it causes a person

00:40:09--> 00:40:11

to leave the fold of Islam.

00:40:12--> 00:40:14

However, there is also another kind of ship

00:40:16--> 00:40:18

and that is the minor ship.

00:40:20--> 00:40:22

The kind of ship that is subtle

00:40:23--> 00:40:25

that many do not notice.

00:40:26--> 00:40:45

But it is still dangerous. And it is basically to associate with a loss of Hannah who with data in your worship something else? What is that? It's not an idol. It's not another human being.

00:40:46--> 00:40:47

It's not

00:40:48--> 00:40:49

other gods No.

00:40:51--> 00:40:52

It's your own desires.

00:40:53--> 00:40:54

And

00:40:55--> 00:40:56

it is

00:40:57--> 00:40:57

a reality.

00:41:00--> 00:41:02

To worship Allah subhanahu wa tada

00:41:03--> 00:41:04

to show off

00:41:06--> 00:41:31

and so you worship Allah subhana wa tada not sincerely for Allah. Rather, you worship Allah subhanho wa Taala Anna, in order to show the people that you are worshipping Allah subhanho wa Taala the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that this is what he fears for us the most, not major ship, but rather this subtle,

00:41:32--> 00:41:34

minor form of shipping.

00:41:36--> 00:41:42

And so there was once a person he was praying in the masjid full of his shoe.

00:41:45--> 00:41:47

He was praying a perfect solo.

00:41:48--> 00:41:50

So two brothers, they enter

00:41:51--> 00:41:54

and they notice and they say Masha, oh, look at this brother.

00:41:55--> 00:41:57

Look at how perfect is Allah is

00:42:00--> 00:42:00

full of

00:42:02--> 00:42:05

praying, without any mistake.

00:42:07--> 00:42:09

Then he turns to them and he says, I'm fasting.

00:42:13--> 00:42:16

And so this is what you call a person of rehab.

00:42:18--> 00:42:20

This is what you call a person

00:42:22--> 00:42:27

who worships Allah subhana wa tada for the sake of showing off.

00:42:29--> 00:42:42

And so, the true a bad man, the true servants of a loss of Hannah, who were to Hannah are those who do not associate anything with a loss of Hannah who went ahead.

00:42:44--> 00:42:44

Even

00:42:46--> 00:42:48

their worldly desires,

00:42:49--> 00:42:50

even their worldly

00:42:52--> 00:43:06

dounia we pursuits, they don't allow their worldly desires to get in the way of worshipping Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so you find that at the time of Salah,

00:43:08--> 00:43:22

they leave everything of the dunya and come to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala they don't let anything to interfere in their worship of Allah subhana wa Tada. And so they don't let anything

00:43:24--> 00:43:36

whether it be gods, whether it be deities, or whether it be their desires, they don't have anything to be associated with a loss of Hannah, who, what

00:43:37--> 00:43:51

we move on to the next characteristic that was a panda who without dimensions of a bad man, the servants of man, well, I have to Luna knifes, when I have to Luna nasality haram Allahu illa bilhah

00:43:52--> 00:43:56

they are those who do not kill a life

00:43:57--> 00:44:07

which Allah has forbidden to be killed, except rightfully, except for a just cause. And so

00:44:08--> 00:44:11

they do not commit the crime of murder,

00:44:12--> 00:44:16

which Allah Subhana Hua data has made from among the major sins.

00:44:18--> 00:44:22

And so life is something that Allah subhanho wa Taala has made sacred

00:44:23--> 00:44:26

and it is not permissible

00:44:27--> 00:44:32

to kill someone to kill a life except

00:44:33--> 00:44:42

for a right cause. And so this refutes the allegation that Islam is the most violent religion

00:44:44--> 00:44:46

and that we kill people

00:44:47--> 00:44:50

wrongfully that we kill innocent people.

00:44:52--> 00:44:59

The fact that Allah subhana wa tada mentions it here. And the fact that Allah subhana wa tada has mentioned it in so many other places.

00:45:02--> 00:45:09

as being a major sin to take the life of a person wrongfully.

00:45:12--> 00:45:23

However, as we mentioned, what does the law say here? Well, to Luna knifes and Lottie huruma law, they do not kill a life that Allah has made her arm to be killed.

00:45:26--> 00:45:28

And then Allah says, elaborate,

00:45:29--> 00:45:42

except, rightfully, except for a just cause. And so there are times when we are allowed to take the life of an individual,

00:45:43--> 00:45:44

that Allah has made permissible.

00:45:45--> 00:45:46

And that is,

00:45:47--> 00:45:48

firstly,

00:45:50--> 00:46:09

due to alpha dude and alpha sauce, the capital punishments, in Islam, such as if a person kills, if he murders unjustly, then his punishment is to be killed. So we take his life because of this crime.

00:46:12--> 00:46:13

The second

00:46:14--> 00:46:20

time when it is permissible to kill others is in jihad, when

00:46:22--> 00:46:24

a Muslim is fighting in a Muslim army,

00:46:26--> 00:46:29

and he is fighting enemy combatants,

00:46:30--> 00:46:33

he is fighting them, and you obviously kill them.

00:46:34--> 00:47:10

But who are they they are the enemy combatants, who he who he is actually fighting, and not innocent civilians. And thirdly, in self defense, Islam allows us that when someone tries to come and fight us, and try to kill us, we are allowed. Rather, it is obligatory upon us to fight back, even if it means to kill the one who is transgressing against us or our family members. We move on to the next characteristic that Allah mentions while is known,

00:47:11--> 00:47:29

nor do they commit Zina, nor do they commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And so they are those who only have such intimate relations with their wives and their spouses.

00:47:30--> 00:47:40

And so they preserve their honor and their dignity and restrain themselves from following their lustful desires.

00:47:41--> 00:47:56

That these desires, if they were not controlled, then they would cause destruction in society or destruction that we see before our very eyes. Not only have they made it permissible

00:47:57--> 00:48:03

to commit Zina with the opposite sex, but they have made it permissible

00:48:04--> 00:48:07

to commit the act of the people of loot

00:48:09--> 00:48:20

to approach the same gender in such relations, and so we see the evil consequences of that in society.

00:48:22--> 00:48:24

There are not a secret to anyone.

00:48:25--> 00:48:37

And then Allah subhana wa tada says, After mentioning these characteristics, woman you have Allah danika your Katana and whoever does that, he shall receive a punishment,

00:48:38--> 00:48:48

he shall receive a punishment. And so these are three sins that Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions. Firstly, those

00:48:49--> 00:49:11

who commit shirk, they associate partners with a lot secondly, those who commit unjust murder. And thirdly, those who commit Zina These are from among the most major of sins. There are many other major sins as well. However, Allah subhanho wa Taala specifically mentioned these because they were prevalent in

00:49:12--> 00:49:21

in those times, among the Arabs, and then Allah subhana wa tada says, You will blah blah hula da boo yo malkia Mati

00:49:22--> 00:49:50

fee mohana. multiplied for him who involves himself in the sins multiplied for him is a punishment on the day of judgment and he will abide there in humiliated. Then Allah says elearning Tada, what am I? What am IA I'm alongside him for hula aka ubec de la la who say it him has an artwork and of La who have a food or ratina. Then Allah says giving hope to the believers,

00:49:51--> 00:49:55

especially those who lived a life of sin.

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

Whether it be before Islam or

00:50:00--> 00:50:53

Whether they be Muslims, but they lived a life of sin, Allah gives them hope. Because here Allah mentions those who involve themselves in the sins, they will have a severe punishment, and they will be in this punishment forever. Then Allah says inlanta except for those who repent, and then they follow that up. they repent and they believe, and then they follow that up with righteous acts with good deeds. for them. A law says for them, he will replace their evil deeds with good deeds, and ever is a law Forgiving and Merciful. And so not only does Allah subhana wa Tada, forgive them for these huge crimes, but then, if they truly repent to Allah, and they believe in Him, and they live a

00:50:53--> 00:51:06

life of righteousness, those sins, a lot transforms them into good deeds. Every single one of those sins, end up counting in their heads and not in their good deeds.

00:51:08--> 00:51:25

Woman tada what Amina saw woman terrible ami lasallian for in the huya tubu Ilaha, Matata and whoever repents, and does righteous good deeds than Allah he indeed, then he repents to Allah Subhana, who had to Haida with true repentance.

00:51:26--> 00:51:44

Then Allah subhanho wa Taala continues to mention the remaining characteristics of a bad man, the true servant of Atlanta, well, Edina la luna zoo, and they are those who do not witness or who do not testify to false.

00:51:45--> 00:52:09

And so, they are not those who come to a court of law to give false testimony, nor are they those who witness anything which is false. And so this includes every single false and evil act. They are not those who stand by and watch false and evil acts.

00:52:11--> 00:52:55

And then Allah subhana wa Tada, what does he say instead? What do they do? What either not ru biLlahi Maru, Tirana. This is among the characteristics of very bad old man, when they pass by something that is evil, or evil talk. What do they do? They pass by with dignity. They ignore it. They don't go and indulge. They don't go and watch what's going on the evil that is prevalent in their society. They don't go and indulge in it. They don't go and get involved in it. Nor do they nor do they even stop and watch what's going on. Rather they pass by with dignity.

00:52:57--> 00:53:07

And then Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions among the characteristics of very bad old man, one Latina either lucky Ruby is one Latina,

00:53:09--> 00:53:26

be it Robbie him lumea hit ruellia Suman, what am Yana they are those who when they are reminded of the signs of their Lord of the verses of their Lord, they do not fall upon them deaf and blind.

00:53:27--> 00:53:34

And so the true servants of Allah Subhana who were to Allah, they do not behave like the Deaf and the Blind.

00:53:35--> 00:53:44

When they hear the verses, and the revelation of a loss of Hannah, who without being recited, they don't turn a blind eye.

00:53:45--> 00:53:47

They listen attentively.

00:53:49--> 00:53:59

And they act upon what they hear, they are deeply moved by what they hear. And then they follow that up

00:54:00--> 00:54:16

with action. And so, they combine between knowledge and action. They are those who combine between what they have learned with acting upon what they have learned.

00:54:17--> 00:54:20

And then Allah Subhana who Allah tells us

00:54:22--> 00:54:27

the last and final characteristic of a bad man

00:54:28--> 00:54:34

when ladina yaku Luna Rob Donna hablando me as well Gina was Audrey Yeah, Tina kurata Yun

00:54:36--> 00:54:37

tokina Emma.

00:54:39--> 00:54:41

They are those who say

00:54:43--> 00:54:56

they make to Allah to Allah subhanho wa Taala Our Lord, grant us from among our wives, and from among our children, that which will be a comfort to our eyes

00:54:57--> 00:54:59

and make us an example

00:55:00--> 00:55:21

For the righteous, make us role models for the believers for the righteous. And so they are those who do not worry about themselves. After Allah has mentioned all of these good qualities of theirs, they don't stop and worry about themselves. Rather, they worry about those who are closest and most dear to them,

00:55:23--> 00:56:15

whether they be non Muslims, or whether they be Muslims, they make to our to Allah subhanho wa Taala for their beloved ones. And so it is as if they are saying our Lord, Oh Allah, make our wives make our children to be true believers, so that they practice righteousness and become true slaves of yours, so that they become a source of comfort for our eyes. And they also make dua to Allah subhana wa Tada. We're Jelena limitata Inanna. Allah make us to be make us to be role models for the righteous make us to be role models and leaders for the believers.

00:56:18--> 00:56:19

And so,

00:56:20--> 00:56:23

Allah subhanho wa Taala concludes

00:56:24--> 00:56:28

by saying, Ooh la zona la hora de la sobre.

00:56:29--> 00:56:32

Why you love Kona v hat here, Tomas Ilana.

00:56:34--> 00:56:50

They are those who will be rewarded with the highest place in Ghana. Because of their patience and their in they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect.

00:56:52--> 00:57:14

And so they are those who earned their reward because of one last quality of a bad man. And that is patience. After everything that Allah has told us of a bad man the servants of man, he has told us that they are those who will earn the reward of Jenna because of

00:57:15--> 00:57:35

because of their patience. Holly Dina he has Hassoun at moussaka, Rama, Makana, abiding eternally they're in excellent is their abode and as a place to reside, then Allah Subhana who Italia concludes the surah this Surah Surah two photon by mentioning

00:57:37--> 00:58:36

the opposite of a bad man. And so Allah says Colima yeah that we come Robbie Lola, oh, come for cat, the cat debitum for sofa yaku lizama say, oh Mohammed to these disbelievers say to them, my lord pays attention to you only because of your invocation your supplication to him, but now you have indeed denied him. So the punishment will be yours forever. And so this warning to the kofod has been given in order to contrast with the great rewards that Allah has mentioned of his true servants. And so it is as if to say, it is as if Allah subhanho wa Taala is saying, oh you disbelievers. If you do not invoke Allah Subhana, who would to Allah for help and for protection.

00:58:37--> 00:59:07

And if you do not worship Him, you will have no value and importance in His sight, and he will not care for you because he does not stand in need of you. He does not stand in need of anything from you. And so, after Allah subhanho wa Taala has mentioned that from among the qualities of the rebadow Ramadan is that they make dua to him subhana wa Tada. He mentioned here in the end,

00:59:08--> 00:59:39

the state of those who do not make dua to him subhanho wa Taala, that Allah does not care about them. And so do i is something very, very important. We ask Allah Subhana who data to make us from among a bad man. And we ask Allah Subhana who would to Allah to grant us the best of this life and the best of the era Subhana Allah Mohammed ik, a shadow Allah, Allah, Allah and a selfie Luca were to elect