Principles Of Tafseer Part 1
Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
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First of all about the topic of the series.
Many brothers they chose Aloma cron when they when we asked which you prefer.
Many brothers chose a little frown when I talked to some of them what the end is stood for
and what they wanted. Some of them that I talked to they said they wanted to see
what some of them also
the next topic that we would have discussed and also in fifth will continue to sort of
has to do with logo or language or the theorem, the source how to understand the text, and what are the principles related to thick? Well, that's also a topic that some of the brothers wanted, they will have to wait for that, since they also the same brothers that they wanted to see it. So we'll start with aspects of any credential, I will have some introductory points. And then we're talking about the methodology of succeed
as well as the history of succeed, and different types of fear, and what are the requirements for the one who makes the fear? And we may talk a little bit about the spirit of that and at the end, we only have a meeting that
we may not cover all these topics and gela maybe the last two will begin at least some aspects of the proceedings.
The first of all,
and the first topic to discuss actually is the place of fear, and it was the science of deceit itself.
Very important, why should we be concerned about it? Why should we take the time to study?
First of all, because the the honor of science or how important the science,
of course, is related to or depends on how important is the topic that the science covers? Well, to see it is really the study of the explanation of the words of Allah Subhana without of the speech of Allah subhana wa tada what is the science that is devoted to trying to understand
and grasp the meaning of the Quran and the meaning of the speech of Allah subhana wa Tada. So first of all, this is the what we're studying itself as a very important or noble topic we're actually discussing or studying the Word of Allah subhana wa tada the speech of Allah subhanaw taala.
Secondly, of course, the Quran, and it was meant to be applied, it was not meant simply to be read and,
or even just to look at it, and in the Quran was to be applied. And in order to know how to apply it, you have to know how to understand. And you first you have to know how to understand
which is what again, the basic, basically, this is what the procedure is all about how to understand what this is, as I said, the essential aspects of
the zero or, and it with respect to Quran, we want to be able to apply the Quran and know how to apply it. We know that through
the principles of proceed. As I said, it's very important that we don't just read the Quran, many people read the Quran, they never take the time to understand it, and understand his principles. And this is something actually that goes against the practices, the setup against the practice of the Sahaba, the Sahaba, as the as some of them said, they used to read 10 verses, and they will not go beyond those 10 verses until they understood them and they applied.
Well, one of the main, say the majority said whoever we say to put on, and does not explain it to a thread to understand that he is like an ignorant person. And he's just reading something. And in fact, he doesn't know really what, what that means. Well, another one of the setups, and he's pointing out the importance of the sans Institute. It's an example of a people who recite the Quran, and do not know what the explanation is like a group of people who have a written message from their king that comes to them during the night and they do not have a lamp. Therefore, they do not know what is in the message. And the example of the one who knows that appear is like the person who
comes to them with a lamp and reach to them the message. And this is what the Lord basically says here is all about me trying to figure out the sense of the theater is showing us and explain to explain to us and how to figure out or how to understand the book of Allah subhanaw taala and therefore after we understand that we'll be able to apply it properly.
Well, before we get into really some aspects of theater what the theater is all about.
Perhaps we should
explain what do we mean by succeed?
With this program example the difference between fear and doubt will for example.
Both of these words are quite common to use when it comes to
To interpreting and understanding the Quran
from from a language point of view,
what's the meaning of
the only the only language is
a from news one not not terminology enough to still have
any from from a linguist point from local point of view from language
claim, but it means,
so, and in the root of the word or the word itself means to make something clear, or to make something plain or to make something apparent, or to explain or to sound or to interpret.
In other words with respect to the will give a more
concise definition of proceed with respect to the terminology of curato. The Census grant
basically means to explain, such as explaining the meaning of the cross.
Well, in other words, it is often use the word that we've,
what's the meaning of the words that we've
already heard from?
English just in English
that we will come to what's the root of the words that we have? Where does it come from?
which means what's in English now.
And so we will actually has different meanings.
And that's why some people are confused with respect to any what is meant by that will sometimes, and if, for example,
if you read the subset of authority, and he after almost every verse, He will say that, that we will have this verse, or those people who say that there will have this verses such and such. What does he mean by that we'll in that case,
that will in that case, the means explanation, it means the same thing as the few.
And this is one of the meanings of that we.
But we also has another meaning.
If we go to the Quran, for example,
Allah Subhana, Allah Dallas's will never be kidnapping for some no
Allah and manhood and worship waratah nicoma noumenon, again, wrote a letter
and this verse
And this verse, what's the what's the meaning of that? We
by the way, at all also means when something when the thing actually occurs, or to implement something. And if you're talking about in order, for example, if I asked you to do something, that we'll have that any if I if I give you an expression in Arabic, which is the form of like an order, that that we'll have that order is when you actually do it.
And the actual implementation? Well, this is why
Ayesha, she said that the
provinces tell him when he used to make little court and when he used to make prejudice, in the in the prayer,
he used to make a certain class of 150. While she said, this is the tail, we'll have a specific verse can In other words, this is the implementation, or the actualization or the realization of that,
that that verse to the wheel has actually more than one meaning.
And we'll come back to that.
Please, think if you can tell how well my notes are rain, flipping back and forth.
Actually, what I did is these are three different things I wrote and I tried to put them all together, I don't know how well it's going to it's going to work out the third meeting or another meeting actually, that will is what
we provide the
mean by the real mean.
Now you have
real meaning of the first Yeah, the real meaning of the versus the second is the second meaning of that we need the actualization of
that is the real meaning of
Okay, as I said, some of the some of the confusion comes in because the wheel is used in many different ways. One of the ways that is used,
which is a new definition or new meaning of that wheel, which was not the way the setup used to use, actually this whole discussion of what is the meaning of proceed until we learn what's the difference between them, which we'll get into this whole discussion is because developed because they noticed that some of the setup, sometimes they used to think to say something nice to say that we someone thought of the question, well, what's the difference between the barber since that one person thought of it everybody else has written about. So there's many different opinions about this. But the newer meaning of that we, which as I said, and it did not exist, among the early
generations, and Islam
is that you take, and you, you look at the literal meaning of something, or you look at something and you have meaning for the apparent meaning of a specific word. And you instead of taking that apparent meaning, you take the meaning which is less, less the strong from a linguistic point of view. And in other words, instead of taking what the verse says, For example, and if the first that something is good, meaning is clear, or the meaning is apparent, and you say, Well, I don't, although that's what the verse says. And that would be the strongest meaning of the verse according to the language. I don't think that the meaning of the verse, and you choose another meaning, which
is not as strong from a linguistic point of view, this is what the latest score is called that we.
Unfortunately, this is what led to lots of any deviations. And
because it was used as an excuse, Danny orange was used as a way to avoid what the Quran is actually saying, and to try to get some other meanings.
Later, inshallah we'll talk about that we'll and what is considered by some unacceptable type of weird and what is not considered acceptable,
located in terms of event,
not so any from the point of view of language, there is some difference between that wheel and and as I said, some of the early scholars, they used to use the terms of theater, and some of them used to use the word that we so this led this led to the question is, what is the difference between them? Or is there any difference between them? Well, the answer to that question, the answer that is what
know the answer that is yes. And no.
Yes, depending on what you mean, by that, we'll know depending on what you mean by that. Because as we said,
every property use the terms that we use to mean to see. So that's why some scholars such as an early school called war V, he said there's no difference between the series that we have they are, they are one in the same.
And it has this means in that case,
will allow the the
listener the understanding of what the thing is actually how that thing is actually going to take place. The second now, so we will mean if we take that away. And so the first the first opinion amongst some scholars that there is no difference between the students. And as we said, Yes, that's correct, depending on how you define that.
And then as I said, if you go to a separate book, when he says that they will have this verse and the people who say that they will have this verse that says it's such and such, is in fact, using the wheel in the same sense as to see if that will mean the second means
the actual implementation of the verse or the act itself as the verses referring to or the implementation of the command of the verse that obviously there's a big difference between the student
and that piece, there's really no relation between the two is the explanation of a verse was the wheel is the actual application or appearance or implementation of a verse.
Now, some scholars, especially in the later years, again, they tried to distinguish between succeeded and that we, so some of them could disappear.
is the explanation of something or a statement from something which is clear in the book of Allah or stated in the heads of the provinces.
And it basically you're just reiterating a statement which is clear
And that will is something which is derived by the scores.
And in other words, another word that we'll invite involves, and he's been both someone studies diverse, and he tries to understand and how to play the verse with the meaning of diversity and so forth. This is what some polls, calls that we were just giving the meaning of the verse or the what was been said about the verse, and from the promises in them or what the Sabbath is, they call this to fear. So that's why you might read some some books you read that the fear is related to rewire what has been passed on about the verse, while that wheel is related to derive any understanding, trying to derive rulings from the
The suit is related to ROI or what has been Larry
Another another difference between them according to some scholars, and again, some native scholars is that fear is to give the meaning of individual words, while the will is to give the general or overall meaning of the sentence or verse will finally according to
the reading already,
and founder of a large school of thought.
And he said that the fear is based on definitive knowledge, and is an explicit declaration about the meaning of the verse, and it is a witness in front of Allah that this is exactly what allowed me. So he is narrowing down to only those things, which for sure, you can see for sure, there's no doubt about they are cooperate,
they are definitive, what we
is, any is if something is open to more than one meaning,
and you will have to derive which meaning is the proper meaning.
So again, for him, yeah, and he will more work more work of the, of the muster head, or of the scholar, while fear is basically something and in which is as
well, as I said, all of these, all of these differences.
All of these differences are related to the later generation. And if you go to the early generation, up until the time of a poverty we're probably live in which in which century,
the early centuries.
And he lived, you know, between well between the third and the fourth century.
And he probably 292 around that period.
Any up until that time, as I said, that will and they meant basically the same thing with respect to animal Quran. Well, from this
opening any discussion,
we can then Now give me a definition of what we mean by like the fear. One of the best definitions given any any also explained.
And his definition very well. It's given by the linguist but also the commentator on the Quran. He said this, the fear is the science. The study is how to state the words of the Quran.
So, we think it involves also cross or the different readings of the Quran and what and what such words imply the words from the language point of view, local point of view, and their individual and compound ruling.
Under this topic included for example,
to free from these
things related to
language and their meanings from the combination of the words
not just the words individually, but also when you put them together their meanings and what he means by this, as he stated in his own explanation is the only what can what has to be taken in the form of images and what has to be taken in the form of
in the form of allegorical sense and what has to be taken in the form of literal sense,
and not literal.
And finally, he said in what is needed to complete that, in other words, as he explained it, the knowledge of aggregation aggregate in aggregate in enough equipment, so the knowledge of the
suburban was all over the circumstances surrounding the revelation of different verses. And he all of these things are part and parcel of Syria and in other words, if you really want to know basically what he's saying here is that if you really want to know how to derive
the meaning of the Quran, from the verses, the
Quran you actually have to be familiar with all of these things. But all of these things are covered by the, by the science of
jell o before. Before I get into that and get into the
before I get into that, and the ending the way to make the seed and what is the methodology of procedure, which inshallah we'll cover part of that part of that today, I want to just discuss a little bit about the importance of proper procedure.
And important importance of property said Well, actually, this is something I think everyone should be familiar with. But I just want to give it emphasis and discuss some, some points related to it. In other words, these are really introductory points to the topic of this year. And you will probably know if you book if you pick up a book on the car,
or book about the city, you're probably not
find all of these things in that book.
As we all know, Allah subhana wa tada has revealed the Quran as a guidance for mankind as the guidance and the mercy
Well, in order for us to gain that guidance, in order for us to really know what is the straight that the Quran is referring to her as the Quran is leading us to, and we have to we have to know how to go to the Quran. And we have to know how to understand the Quran. And this is this is essential, because even if we read the Quran, and we believe in the Quran, but we don't know how to understand the Quran, then no matter how much we believe in the Quran, and we want to follow the Quran, and our conclusions from our reading of the Quran will not be correct.
And even if we have the right intention, if we do not go to the Quran, and be able to understand the Quran property in the proper manner, then the problem would be guiding to one path. Well, ourselves would be following a different path. When maybe in the sight of Allah subhana wa tada we have the right intention. And we didn't know about principles of deceit and how important it is to have the proper procedure. And it may be all of a sudden what Allah will forgive us. But even if Allah subhana wa tada forgives us, we will still be missing that path in this world that we wish
that we could follow. Well, many times the any people get the wrong conclusions from the Quran, from reading the Quran. And the basic reason for that is because of some lacking in methodology, some lacking in knowledge, some lacking in background, any, for example, those people who are ignorant of the rules of the Arabic language.
And those people who rely on translation, and how many people they pick up the translation of Yusuf Ali,
and Ilan, hopefully not.
And if they don't know Arabic, and they're relying on the translation, and they begin to interpret the Quran based on the translation,
well, this is something very, very dangerous,
because any of the translation cannot keep, I just finished reviewing a new translation of the Quran and it is almost impossible because of the differences in languages it is impossible for the for the for the translation to keep the same kind of rules of language as are found in the Arabic original. Also, it is not possible for the for the words that you use to translate the Quran to have all of the same meanings of the original words had in Arabic.
So, it is not it is not possible to rely on translation to try to interpret the Quran as similarly, someone who is actually not very strong in the Arabic language also and it will not be possible for him to get the proper meaning from the Quran. Also, there's other as I mentioned earlier, there's other sciences which are
which are related to this, you also have to be familiar. And it's not just being a language, that won't be sufficient. And you have to know also other things. For example, many of the verses in the Quran their meanings are not clear just from
the wording of the verse. But they are also related to things that occurred at that time the ending of this bubble the zoo sometimes when you know the US government's role as an example you mentioned about your body and sometimes when you know the US bourbon a zoo
it completely changes actually your understanding of what the verse really is all about.
my English doesn't have
the amount of money even Amazon
add on which was from what generation was different.
It was from the sub
and he was of the opinion that isn't allowed to drink alcohol
and he that is allowed
were Muslims to drink alcohol.
Well, where did he get that from?
And he derived this ruling from a verse in the Quran which is later Alan Medina homina homina
homina Sala, how could you not hung FEMA dymo
is in the
middle Sonic had tomato tomahto, likeable masini. And it shall be no sin on those who believe in do good deeds for what they have eaten, and in the rest of the rest of this heading is simply and if you read that verse means that no matter what you eat, and you could understand from that verse, right, as long as you believe and do good deeds in your bias, no matter what you eat, and it does not sin upon, and then later generations, by the way, and he this example comes from the time of the Sahaba and later generations, some of the Sufi commentary on the Quran also, they said, that this is one of the verses that proves it can appear from the earlier or the devoted servants of Allah and
from the Muscatine, those and a few people who do good any of the laws of the Sharia, there's no sin on you, no matter what you do. What was the mistake of man in interpreting this?
Danny, he, he was, unfortunately, not aware of the stubbornness, all of this. And what was the context in which this verse was revealed? If he was aware of it, obviously, he would not have made this thing because this verse was revealed. And what
he did, there were people carry out your alcohol after alcohol was prohibited.
And after alcohol is prohibited, some of the Sahaba came through the program. And they add the product to tell them about those people who used to drink. And it was believers who died before that verse was revealed and used to drink alcohol. What about them?
Well, that is what Danny that is when this verse was revealed,
according to what is recording admin and say, it was this, okay, and asked about those people who have been killed.
And yet they had drank over.
Impossible, but it's not mentioned in the
Then Allah revealed this verse, anything that what they did is that there's no sin upon them for what they did. Actually, I haven't hooked up and
actually been out, but he understood this concept very well, because I thought one time,
and he was wondering why the Muslim oma was split into different groups. While there was one and the focus was one,
and the book is one. So he says, read the numbers, and he asked him about this live in our bus needed to
Oh, yeah, momineen the Quran has been revealed to us, and we recite it. And we know about what has been revealed. After us after us, there will be people who will recite the Quran, but not know the context that it has been reviewed. Therefore, they will use their own opinion.
And when they resort to their opinion, they will differ among themselves and they will find
this statement is even above.
And he shows that the Quran and it clearly could be leading or guiding to one thing, but because of our shortcoming, our lack of
any proper understanding of how to derive the meanings of the Quran, we in fact will not only add in the true guidance of the Quran, but there's even our best theories and even more than that, we will differ among us and when we differ among this we will we will even begin to play
and this is of course, if the person has the right intention and he to any has the right tension for know what is stated in the Quran, but because he is lacking in following the proper methodology
he is and he will not find exactly what Allah subhana wa tada want or means from the Quran. Well, even even worse than that, which we see in the history is seen that what we see in the history is people making the that we as we talked about before,
and in prepping the Quran in such a way which is inconsistent with it apparently.
And one of the things that can lead to that is if someone already has his mind made up about what is true, what is false. And therefore he goes to the Quran and enough with an open mind to get the game into the Quran. But he goes wrong with his mind already made up about what the truth as well.
If he comes across something in the Quran that goes against his belief, you'll try to make some kind of weird or some kind of
any some kind of interpretation that will make that consistent with his belief. Any example of that which is related to both, by the way, both Hadith and Quran, because the principles by the way of understanding,
understanding what the promises said them said in many cases, and it's assumed the source or how to understand the wording is pretty much the same with respect, as with respect to the heaviness of the problem.
in which he said, this is the intercession
and his supper on the day of judgment will be for him.
Unless I know what the problem says Dylan will intercede for him on that.
Yeah, which is what the date is?
Well, in general, in general, the process is actually many heavy. That's another good question, because
this talk about who would intercede, he will. But then one of the things he said that I will intercede for adults about
what the meaning of
any the believers who committed great and it is still believers, but they they committed the great work. There's some people who don't believe, first of all intercession of the promises. And they reject this concept.
And there's another group of people who, who don't believe that if you commit and so by, that you will be taken out of the health bar and that you will actually even the people who commit the Cabal, they will see and in Hellfire for one example of how people can actually make their beliefs determine any other conclusion.
Their conclusion about sobriety and who are these people mentioned in this ad? They said Alcubierre are the people who
have patients in print?
How did they get to
know me they said the provider or the people have thought or thought and that group was signed on with nobody was in that lane Allah Kabira Illa Allah 13.
So, they are any they are diverse means innate in English and they seek help and patience and prayer. And truly It is hard or too difficult say for the humble man.
While they are only completely distorting the meaning of this verse, any from from a language point of view, they are saying that this verse, which it says it is a computer isn't an assertion, they are saying that these are those people who have lost who make this a lot and have
what even an even worse than that, is that even in in
in verses in which the phenom himself explicitly explained the meaning that he and mentioned the verse and said what the verse meant. And even sometimes in these cases, there are people who refuse to follow what's the problem, I'm such an upset. And it because it goes against their own beliefs. And so therefore, they try to make the standard that we are interpretation to make the end of the verse more in line with what they believe. One example of that is
Allah subhanho wa Taala says, isn't put on news arena afternoon, as Hostnet was the ad.
Well, the problem haven't seen him in a long had he
read the whole Hadith but talking about the Jin
Jin, the people in Paradise, and the prophets has explained the zerah or any diversity for those who do good is the best reward and more at the way that to be transmitted.
You're supposed to remember
the process tell him explain the more or the Edit is what
Penny's team Allison Hannah with that, but there are some people who and who don't accept the idea of being a Muslim Hannah with that and you have to so one of them, and learning from the attorneys does not mention who he is.
One of them he explained this verse what he said about more than him is the theme of this verse. Instead of saying that God means seeing Allah subhana wa tada as the province has in him explicitly explained. He said that more means that they'll be given more than what they actually there's a host numbers Yeah, that will be given the good and more than what they actually actually deserve. And it is these few examples, short journey the importance of the science.
If the fear and any properly interpreting the Quran and it's not just the case that just because we are we are believers, that we say that we believe in the Quran. And Islam is not an existential religion where everyone can go to the Quran and get his own meaning from the Quran. And that's the truth for him. And he regarded it actually, the Quran has specific meanings, and we'll talk about later gela how to,
how to, and how to derive that
And before we,
before we go Go on, again, to introductory points about methodology.
And I want to talk some more about this. This concept, especially because we hear it the laws in the United States, and also anyone we used to have,
for example, to see, we still have to feed once a week in the city in the market that used to be and many times I heard this statement from, from many brothers.
And that is the same as alluded to, that I alluded to earlier. And that is that each and every Muslim, and he should be able to go through the Quran and understand the Quran and interpret the Quran. And in the way that his heart and He says,
Well, as I said, Yanni, we hear this a lot in the United States, and the reason you hear it in particularly in the United States, among converts to Islam, they came from a Christian point of Christian background, this is one of the beliefs of Christian and he that the revelation has different meanings to everyone. And everyone should go through the revelation and read it with an open heart and get their meaning from
unfortunately any for some people, this
this, unfortunately for some Muslims, sometimes this
I need this kind of language with them that they believe that anyone, any Muslim, any believer, was a pure heart, you should be able to go to the Quran and
and explain the Quran and according to his heart, well, of course, if that is the case, then there would be no need whatsoever for the for the science of procedure, we just be wasting our time. But in fact as many any we could any just briefly
we could mention some of the reasons why there is need for that even for people, for example, who are Arabs and so forth. One reason why we need the sentences here, why the Quran
and you know, in order for us to understand the Quran, we need the sense of deceit. One reason is that the language of the Quran is the most eloquent and is the most concise and articulate language of the Arabic language, where not every Arab and especially not every non Arab has the ability from linguistic point of view from a language point of view to understand all the
small points the small details from just reading put on. Secondly, as I mentioned earlier, some of the surrounding events or references that the Quran is talking about are not mentioned in the Quran. So, especially with the practice with respect to the practices of the Arabs during the time of Jamia and you will find in the Quran, sometimes many references to them was unless you're familiar with what that is talking about, you must be able to know
what the Quran means. Well Thirdly, and it's some of the words or sentences in the Quran may have more than one possible meaning
and you have to be able to figure out what is the what is the proper meaning
from any using the principles with
should actually have some more here but you may have been
going back to the point to me I made about the anything that we are hard we are believers. So therefore we should be able and free to use our heart and to understand the Quran. And it is actually
any if you're just if you're just taking the Quran and trying to see this is the medium to cram without basically on any methodology without basing it on.
on proper M
and E This is actually very dangerous because first of all,
since you don't have any methodology, you don't have any proof basically for your interpretation of the Quran.
And us duplication of the Quran can come from different sources
and it could come from
it could be a kind of inspiration from Allah subhanaw taala.
But it could also
come from a chatbot
and Allah subhana wa tada orders and orders that are put on that when we recite the Quran to seek refuge from the from the ship on and one of the one of the reasons for that is the Lama has discusses
Especially, especially when we read the Quran, the chevron is going to try to come to us and confuse us and mislead us and take us away from the to medium.
So when you just any group of the Quran according to your heart or not, you don't have to say according to your heart, but basically without basing it on real knowledge, and you have no way of knowing whether that, in fact, was the kind of inspiration from Allah, or whether it's from the ship on or whether it's from your own desires and your own luck, you don't have
any, there's no way to know which one actually, that interpretation came from.
That you may and there's many verses in the Quran, there's many statements of the of the Sahaba
any of the talk about
any this, this kind of aspects of interpreting the Quran
any without knowledge, and without knowledge, without In other words, the proper method of proceeding, basically, when we say interpret and put on without knowledge, basically we're saying without the proper methodology, and without the proper sources of deceit
properly, and it's just you have the Quran Actually, he talks about
such people, can you talk to say that when they read the Quran, the piano in my mind, this comes to mind or the My heart says to me and so forth. And in fact, he concludes that anyone who reads the Quran, and says, God, ask your heart or My heart says to me and so forth, and he they are speaking about Allah subhanho wa Taala without him, which is, as we'll talk about one of the greatest things that we could commit. And he said, they are actually from the
the Oriente from the Nazca for those people who have nothing to do with Islam. And he said, they should be killed, as opposed to
when you're when you and it goes to the Quran, and you read a verse of the Quran, and you explain that verse of the Quran without having the proper knowledge, without following the proper methodology that you are actually
and you're only allowed to pedal without a node, you might be following your own
own desire, you might be following in inspiration from the ship on,
you might be following them. And your conjecture which Allah subhanaw taala talks about, in many places, Milan, or it might actually be some kind of inspiration from Allah subhanaw taala. But most likely,
it is not the last thing. And why is it not the last case,
because as we'll talk about later, you did not follow the proper methodology of talking about the Quran.
Well, if you do not follow the proper methodology, document the commands and you have committed a sin already.
anybody's talking about the Quran without the proper knowledge.
And with by giving interpretation of the Quran without the proper knowledge without the proper background without being qualified to do so, then you've already committed.
But since you're committing a sin, it's very unlikely in most cases, that almost no data will bless you. To give you the right interpretation of the Quran
with respect to speaking and when we wouldn't when you say that Allah subhanaw taala means this or listening to it. That means that by adding a specific verse, you're actually speaking for saying something on behalf of the listener with that you're actually speaking any above and with that, and if you are speaking without knowledge without and this is one of the greatest things that you could commit. In fact, in fact, even a client says that it is degraded.
Speaking about the lesson, no data without them is the greatest sin that you could commit.
He, he bases it on this verse put in the Mahabharata.
Well, if no one's really divided up one physical delay man and you know the biggest proponent one,
when discussing this verse,
that he says, first of all, that there are some there are some things which are harmony that he will any haram or they are they are forbidden because of their own evilness this
loosen vision for the lady and which are forbidden because they lead to something evil, or they have some evil in them. What he said with respect to these, the verse,
verse, verse that I read in English that say the things that my lord has indeed forbidden are in decent deeds, whether open or secret, sins and transparent strands. Just present within truth, the signing of foreigners to a love for which he has given no authority and saying things about a love which you have no knowledge, what he said about all of these four, and he they're around me that he and his
in their own essence, because
was continuing his discussion. He says it almost without the first mention of motherhood.
While he says Johnny, this is the last of the things that
he mentioned sins and trespasses against proof, there's no one divided up. Well, this is a greater sin than the first one that almost happened with that image. And then he mentioned me making sure
we're finally he mentioned saying things about Allah subhanho wa Taala, of which you have no knowledge. And he says this last one, yeah, and he thinks that all this data is actually going from the lesser to the greatest. And the reason he says that is because and he's this lesson of saying things about Allah subhana wa tada without and which is actually what you do, when you make the seed without the proper background without the proper methodology. And he has been involved and includes many things, which added many things even more than what committees have involved. He said, it involves and include, describing something properly flawless and without changing or altering the
religion of wellness without denying what he has confirmed, or confirming what he has denied. affirming something to correct false, or declaring something is true. And it also includes supporting something that almost kind of without and dislikes or opposes, and liking something that others have kind of attalla dislike, and in other words, when you are speaking without
adding in the religion and things with me, which are related to religion, then in fact, you are changing the religion.
And in fact, and if you if you continue reading with eurocis, by the way from notice regarding passivity,
Volume One, figure three, listen to listen to this.
I don't know where it's
and you will find this in fact, speaking without
the manifested version, but speaking without elements, actually the real source of all.
And he did, he said, for example, the policies, they claim that he was there worshipping Allah subhana wa tada with somebody to take them closer to Allah for the cause that they should have was saying something. And you have also listened to what data was outcome, something that they did not know about Allah subhana wa, tada did this thing, similar today, and in the greatest confidence we have nowadays, and among Muslim, Muslim or non Muslim is secularism or any money. And the basis for that is saying that Allah Subhana, WA, tada doesn't really care about what we do in worldly affairs, or he hasn't given us games for word of the affair, or the deem that the sentences are meant for
worldly affairs. And all of this is speaking about the listener without or without them, going back to do. And he says one of the greatest things, when we're playing even included that is, in fact D, the greatest and also he also mentions that every bidder, every innovation also is based on some statements that has no support from the Quran isn't always every bit houses based on some statement, and which is actually made without, without him.
Well, and if you think about this point even further about me just going through the Quran, and saying, I am a believer, I am pious, I can go to the Quran and read the Quran and get some meaning. And if there was any people in the history of mankind, who could have said that,
and who would never we could excepted from it would be the companions of the public.
And it for many reasons, and you did witness the revelation of the paralysis.
And if they witness the events that he was referring to, they're living the event that it was approved. And the problem was revealed in their language, and the language of their time. Also, the
gallery chose him to be the companion to the provinces element, he described them as the best generation. So any anyone, if anyone could actually make that claim, that he has such a pure heart, and such a close relationship to Allah subhanaw taala such a good understanding of Islam, that he can go to the Quran and interpret the Quran and he simply wasn't hard tells him more. And he was they used to call awry and have to the Sufi became what originally was called dry or personal.
And it would be the Sahaba. But of course, if we go to the Sahaba, we see the same what they understood and what they will learn from the problem hundreds of them, in fact is the complete opposite. And what they learned is that it is absolutely forbidden to speak about the Quran without
proper nouns and they make such things for example of a bucket one time said Yanni was Earth would give me any place to live and what's the I would hate me if I should speak about the Quran with my opinion, or buy something I do not know.
Well, so he said the deal
way of using your opinion
in religion and religious men?
Well, if you're not the one who was the Protestants in the mid ground for him to, to understand the Quran, you need to get the understanding of the deen and to begin by listening to what God is if we lose our understanding of the Quran,
he also said that all there is to follow and obey is the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the messenger will met, however, make any statement after these two, according to his opinion, then I do not know if you will find it among his good deeds or among his sin. But this is a style of him, and I'm blessed to to meet
many statements, any meaning that even if what you did was something good, and it looks like something good. It will be any among
you will find it among your students. Well, it's sort of muddy, and in as soon as
he says it has been related from some of the people.
People have knowledge of the Sahaba deposit system, and others that they were very strict when it came to speaking about the Quran without
well on this point.
This is perhaps a good note. In fact, here in my notes, it is a footnote. And this point, perhaps I should mention two statements, which a lot of it seems that they are statements of the hover effect of the statements of imminent birth, which many people state as head even promises. And he has had these promises in them, they are weak, and they are not authenticated, they're supposed to sit in cities. But it is authenticated, that is to hover and particularly when I first made this in
the first the first statement
says it's whoever speaks about the foreign without knowledge or pick a seat in the house.
Another narration of the same heads as whoever speaks above the plan, according to his opinion, so pick a seat in the house. Well, as I said, he just decided
this one was recorded by somebody as a famous heavyweight but in fact it is weak and the stronger feeling is that it is
a statement of one hub where similarly another statement
is or another another thing that is narrative heavy is info the system says it's whoever speaks about the Quran by his opinion. And even if what he said is correct, that he is still mistaken.
This was recorded by a built in determine if you if you interpret the Quran, according to your right or your opinion. And even if your conclusion happens to be correct, you're mistaken because you didn't follow the proper proper method. You did not have the proper background and so forth to make this
some scholars such as a Cinema D and then had them in a pod taking Kennedy Harris hasn't been
as nice as promises. But these three stories in particular, they are not very exact. And he they're known to be a little bit lacks when it comes to saying that her husband as opposed to other politicians admit one party women now.
No, this is a big headed the week and the strongest opinion among the scholars of Hades In fact, are that they are not hideous incompetence in them, but they are in fact
statements of difference of difference to have for this.
Well, this understanding of how important it is to speak about a listener with data without and if that's the hub of passes on
to their students the devayne and we can find also many statements from the from the domain and then examples from the from the terrain and in which they also would would any Be very careful about what they say and intercede or in explaining the Quran. For example, Brooke said Be cautious when it comes to here as you are narrating somebody from almost
anybody think alarm exists or alarming situation inheriting something from Allah subhanaw taala was it
was asked about the whenever he was asked about the fraud and if it wasn't if he asked me it wasn't something clear and decent promises and the more that he learned from some of the Sahaba he said we do not say anything anybody our opinions when it comes to the Quran. Well any this
any this introductory lecture lecture especially the last part of this
this lecture really is meant to
drive home the point that if we want really any to know what the Quran means, and we want really to follow the path that the Quran is describing.
And we don't just turn to the Quran without background without
first of all, of course, we have to have the proper intention. But even with the proper intention, and we cannot just turn to the Quran
from backwards, proper knowledge and if you understand how to derive the meaning.
And we have to be very careful about just reading the verse of the Quran and coming up with our own mean way
If we cannot, if we do not have that, that the proper qualifications, and no one is free, just go on and interpret the Quran in any manner that he wishes, there is a certain science is a certain methodology, there are certain sources for succeed, and we have to do our best
to follow those, and inshallah the next says what the next lecture will be about and what are some of the sources of proceeds, and
we're continuing from
that is spreading knowledge, that your knowledge is different from
speaking in the religion according to your own,
and what do you mean by passing on knowledge is passing on something that you are sure about the script, such as the Quran and Hadees the promises and and and what the scholars said, We those people who are qualified to make it to heaven surfaces, the text. So adding, when you pass on what you learned from the store,
this is passing on notes, nothing wrong with it. But then when you get it from yourself, from yourself, if you're not a scholar, you don't have the proper background. And you need and you go beyond your limits.
And you go beyond the limits, then and then you get to the point. And if you start adding things from yourself and saying, well, this also needs this and this, this is the thing that you have to work
any other way you have to have some source some sauce for what you're either versus
there are, there are actually two
two types of verses in the Quran one which is clear by itself and actually doesn't really need any of you know, Arabic language in your professional Arabic language. And you will get the basic meaning of the verse, And nothing wrong with
some, some require more.
If you know that, that this meeting is based on what you know, from the Quran, and from Hadith, and what scholars have said, and you know, you deal with language,
basically, but even then, then your basic meaning might be wrong.
And he has for example, in the sometimes as I mentioned this governor, if you know the transition of religion, you'll find out that the meaning is completely different from
from what you understood from what you understood from from reading it, or from someone reading it, for example, in the salon. And if this is something you have to do is going to come to you whether you want to but otherwise you're not convinced.
But that's different. That's different from taking that meaning that you understood, Danny without having the proper background and then passing it on to other people and saying this is the meaning of that.
should I abstain from
playing explaining what that means. And if you feel that you have the proper background, you've heard enough scholars explain the meaning of this verse, you've read enough to know what the verse means.
And also I'm sure you've heard Yanni.
You've heard some people explain it in
3d in case
you're not making your own opinion, you are baking along with the scores.
And as as I mentioned in the lecture, and there are actually more than Deborah's, there are many verses that describe the Quran and some of the clues.
As I mentioned in
the lecture, there are two types of verses in the Quran. One is one that is clear by itself, and actually doesn't need to see any if you are familiar with Arabic, Arabic is not clear. I can if you're familiar with Arabic,
and that effect is a large number of
the Quran. But the the simple meaning of the Quran is different from extracting rules from and you have to distinguish between those because extracting rules from the Quran. And you can understand that then exemplify citizens to an English, you may understand
it, but you but you may not be able to extract everything that that sentence implies. And if you're not familiar with, for example, grammar, and how exactly I use some words, and what that implies, and what that doesn't imply, you may not be able to do that, but you will understand the general meeting, sometimes of the sentence.
So there is some verses whose meaning are clear. And he's a gentleman specific meaning or how exactly what does it mean and how does it apply and so forth. This is what needs some, some notes. Certainly as I mentioned, there are some verses which are not clear themselves, except for maybe for someone who is an expert in Arabic language and so forth. So therefore, any especially in this day and age long term away from the the
I'm in the process of filming some of the expressions and language, for example, I've changed and some of the words in the form, some people may not understand them completely. And thirdly, sometimes the references to things or sometimes there's a spelling rules that affect the meaning of the rules. So, and it is one level of understanding, which is almost all the verses in the Quran, you can get one level of understanding, but to say that that's the real exact meaning of the verse. And he This requires some more knowledge and more thought than some methodology. So for that
and of course, if you are, especially if you're familiar with every any, when you read the Quran, you're going to get a meaning of the Quran, if you just read about and think about, but there's a big difference and in between you having that meaning and he's it comes to you while you read the Quran, because you understand the words and the meaning and was confused, and you claiming that your understanding is what alignment is big difference between. And obviously, when you read, when you hear any verse in the Quran read, you will get the meaning from it, obviously, and you're supposed to,
but to claim any of that meaning you you keep yourself but as soon as you explain that meaning and claim that that is the correct meaning that would allow them is by well if you say that without setting the verse in more detail in
the process and explain in such a way that is different from the apparently that is the thing that is wrong.
intention and what you do with with the meaning that you will understand if you keep it to yourself, as this is how you understand the plan and you do your best to apply the new your intention and is to do what is right. And you are correct. But when you make that your understanding of the Quran as what the Quran actually means. And even without telling the person what he's doing. And he can you imagine he and he listening to
feel versus for example, hearing it for the first time and claiming that you understand everything that was needed in his life and so forth. This is what people do when they say any This is what I meant by that. My heart tells me that this is whatever
I need to do that.
To claim that this is the meaning of the verse you have to follow the methodology and have the purposes