Why Do Scholars Differ?

Ismail Kamdar


Channel: Ismail Kamdar

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Episode Notes

Jumah Lecture delivered at Ridge Raod Musalla in Durban, on 14th September 2018.


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AI Generated Summary ©

The speakers discuss the importance of addressing the question of differences of opinion in Islam, citing examples such as the Sun statement and the Hades. They stress the need to explain the differences of opinion when faced with controversial issues and encourage people to change their religion to suit their agendas. The speakers also emphasize the importance of respecting different opinions and the importance of learning to respect different opinions. They stress the need for people to make their own decisions and not try to make up their own opinions.

AI Generated Transcript ©

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hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam O Allah Nabil al Karim, Allah Allah He was heavy in. We begin by praising Allah subhanho wa Taala. And asking Allah to send his peace and blessings upon the final prophet Mohammed bin Abdullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and all those who follow his way with righteousness until the end of time.

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So, today's topic is going to be a bit technical. And I chose it because it's a question that a lot of young Muslims asked me.

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I get asked this question a lot. And unfortunately, for some of the people asking this question, it actually leads them to doubts about their religion. So if it's not addressed properly, people begin to doubt Islam. And so therefore, I decided, even though it's a very technical topic, it's necessary that we address this question from the minbar and that we address it in a way that's understandable to many. And hopefully that will ease the minds and hearts of those who are doubtful about this topic and inshallah, from there, we can continue to spread this message to others who also have doubts about this topic, the topic is a question which I get asked very often. And that question is,

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if Islam is one if Allah is one if the Quran is one, why are the Sunni differences of opinion in Islam?

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Right? It's a legitimate question, which comes to the minds of many people. They look around, one arlynn tells him something is halaal, another 1000. The same thing is how wrong somebody else tells him, it's my crew, someone tells him to pray by putting their heads in a certain way, someone else putting their hands in a different way. And many young people become confused about this. And in this confusion, they begin to think that maybe there's something wrong with Islam, right at the top, it goes to the young people's mind, they begin to think that Islam is one in everything from Allah, why are they so much differences and diversion amongst the Muslims?

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So to address this topic, as I said, it's quite complex and

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difficult. In fact, I teach an entire course on this topic that the university which takes us five months, to summarize that in 20 minutes is going to be quite difficult. So what I'm going to do is, I'm only going to speak about four points, which I hope will help us to clear this up. The first point I want to speak about is what's the difference between an acceptable difference of opinion and what's not acceptable by these two types of differences of opinion, what's acceptable? And what's not? How do you know the difference? I'll come to that, by the second point I want to discuss is the wisdom behind the existence of differences of opinion? Why did Allah allow this to exist? What's the

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wisdom? What's the benefit in there being different opinions in the religion? The third thing, and most important, this is going to make up the bulk of today's discussion, I will highlight some of the reasons why Allah might have different opinions, not all just some, because as I said, you take us hours to discuss all of the reasons and some of those reasons can get very technical. But we'll go through some of them the ones that are more understandable, right. And then finally, the fourth and most important point for the average Muslim, what do you do about it? How do you and your average Muslim? How do we handle this concept of differences of opinion, I'll give you a three step

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approach for handling it. So these are the four topics which I hope to cover within the next 30 minutes in May Allah give us Baraka in our time, and help us to convey the message accordingly. So point number one, we have two extremes in the oma today. We have those people who if you don't agree with him on every little issue, they want to kick you out of the fold of Islam. If you don't pray, the way they pray, they kick you out of the fold of Islam, if you don't believe what they believe what specific tiny minute issues, they kick you out of the fold of Islam, this is one extreme. The other extreme, you have this modernist hippie version of Islam, where everything goes, someone can

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believe in a prophet after Muhammad and they say no, you must call him a Muslim. Right? These are two extremes. One extreme, everybody's a Muslim, the other extreme, nobody is a Muslim, except me and my friends. Right? These are two extremes regarding differences of opinion. Rather, the middle part, the part of Islam, is that there are two types of differences in this religion, that which is acceptable and that which is not. Now for the Omar, it's easier for them to figure out what's an acceptable difference of opinion and what is not. For the average Muslim, it can be very confusing because it's a very technical subject to go into. And so, I just want to give you one principle to

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apply to make this easy for you to understand. It's a difference of opinion exists between alama then it is an acceptable difference of opinion. Meaning, if you have a Hanafi Island telling you this is the view and amalickiah No, this is the view and the shaft the IMC no this is the view all three are acceptable. All g positions are acceptable because they are coming from within the skull.

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The body they are coming from a scholarly approach. They are coming from a scholarly analysis of the Quran and Sunnah. So all of these are acceptable views. But if you have an opinion coming from outside of scholarship, coming from ignorant people coming from people who have no basis in understanding Crick and Akiva

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and he's coming from a deviant perspective is coming from a perspective of trying to make Islam like this or trying to make Islam like that, then that's not an acceptable opinion, that becomes deviance that becomes hearsay, that becomes bizarre, that becomes a problem and that becomes something that must be spoken out against. Let me give you an example. Right, the issue of hijab there are two acceptable opinions on hijab. the opinion of many of the Hanafi and Maliki or Lama is that a woman must wear hijab and the niqab is Mustafa is it's optional. The opinion enormous Sharpie, Mohammed even humble and many other olema is that the niqab is watching. Both approaches are fine. Both

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approaches are acceptable. If someone follows the opinion that niqab is booster hub, that's fine. If someone follows the opinion, the niqab is wajib. That's also fine. But now, nowadays, we have a third group coming up saying there's no such thing as HIPAA.

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This opinion is not acceptable. This opinion is deviant. This opinion doesn't come from within the scholarly works. It doesn't come from the Quran and Sunnah. It doesn't come from the AMA, it comes from people who are trying to please the West. It comes from people who are trying to make Islam suit their lifestyle of trying to make their lifestyle through Islam. And so the first two opinions, we will say those are acceptable differences of opinion, this third opinion, you will see this deviation, this is changing the religion, this is not acceptable, and we must speak out against it. So this is really important to understand when the differences occur between the alama these are

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legitimate differences of opinion when they come from people who have other agendas. And they are trying to change Islam to suit the agenda, that we do not accept that has to be spoken out against that has to be warned against. Otherwise, we will be responsible for allowing people to change their religion. So this topic today, we are going to focus only on the acceptable differences of opinion, right, but first want to draw the line, you must understand not all differences of opinion acceptable when someone is bringing something from outside Islam and trying to force Islam to change to suit that thing. That's not acceptable. But our topic today are the acceptable differences of

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opinion, the differences that exist between the handpiece and the Sharpies and Amalek isn't the humble is between the dilemma. These are acceptable differences of opinion. Our question is, why do they exist? How do they exist? And what do we do about it? So let's get into the topic. Why would Allah allow this to exist? If Allah wanted, we could have been one nation, the whole world could have followed one religion, one opinion on everything, Allah created a world full of diversity. And in this diversity, he created a religion of truth that has diversity within it. And so in the true religion of Islam, they are different opinions, they are different approaches, they are different

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modalities. They are different ways to approach the religion, and many of them are acceptable, not all but many of them are acceptable by the some approaches to the religion that are not acceptable. So why does Allah allow this to exist? There are many reasons that Allah might have mentioned from amongst them is that if Allah had made clear, the exact fake ruling on every single issue in this world, the Quran we have been like 50 volumes long.

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Think about it, Allah has to list in detail, let's see the ruling on this and that and this on everything that's going to happen till the end of times, the Quran would have been like 50 volumes long, it would have been impossible to memorize it would have been impossible to study it properly, it will be impossible for the layman to to even interact with you have been too much too much for the human being to handle. Instead, Allah revealed a religion where he made clear what is most important, and then he gave principles to guide the secondary issues. And he left it to the whole ama to figure out the secondary issues using those principles. Right. So Allah out of his mercy to

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us, out of his wisdom, he has made what is most important clear, and what is secondary, he has left it open to difference of opinion. What this allows also, it allows us as Muslims, to get used to there being different opinions, to start tolerating each other, to start behaving with each other in a way where we respect other people who are different from us. Because what would have happened if Islam was clear on every tiny issue, then practicing Muslims would be very mean people. It be no room for someone to walk into the masjid and play differently from you. By there be no room for someone to be dressed differently from you.

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They will be this extra sickness, strictness about Islam, which goes against what Islam is all about. Islam. If you read the Quran, if you read the Hadees, it is a religion of mercy is the religion of practicality. It's a religion that is meant to be practiced in every place and time and culture is meant to be universal, is not meant to be extra strict. And so Allah revealed it in such a way that what is most important, Allah is very strict about and very clear about like Xena is haram. That's clear. So last five times a day. That's clear. Where do I put my hands in my Salah? Allah left that open to different interpretations? Why should we get used to respecting different

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viewpoints so when you're standing next to someone you think differently from you, and you still love them as your brother in Islam, you are assuming a higher level of demand. So this is a large wisdom for us. Another wisdom behind Allah allowing differences of opinion. It gives us a way of intellectually approaching this religion instead of just being blind following So now Allah get to engage with the text. They get to study the Quran, study the idea study the principles of fit into activity on a scholarly level, think about it, ponder over it spend night going deep into issues. It becomes a lively and scholarly religion and not just a religion of blank followers. If Allah made

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every single issue clear, there'd be no need for Allah to be no need for scholarship.

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Allah wanted this to be a nation of Allah. Allah wanted this to be an oma that intellectually engages with the text. And so Allah created as a religion, we in the ad different opinions. So these are some of the wisdoms behind the existence of differences of opinion. As the halifa Omar Ibn Abdul Aziz Ramallah had mentioned and we spoke about him in the previous hookah, he said that it is Allah's mercy that he has made this religion a religion of different opinions. If Allah had revealed strict opinions on every single issue, the religion would have been too hard for the average Muslim to practice. This is coming from a family for 1300 years ago, it's even more true today. If every

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single issue of fake was strict and clear, Islam would have been too hard for the average Muslim. When there's differences of opinion, there's a bit more flexibility you can say okay, you know, decades eating prawns, it's not my mother, but other Muslims do allow it, you know, meanwhile, the issue was clear, you know, the first fights taking place in ocean basket. But now we have differences of opinion so we can tolerate you, but we can ease up a bit, we can relax a bit. Allah did this to make this religion more practical, and to give us that sense of a sense of ease in how we practice Islam. So now to the main part of this talk, and I said this this part gets very

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technical. So I'm going to try and make it as simple and understandable as possible. And I'm only going to go through some of the reasons why difference of opinion exists. There are many others.

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The first and perhaps the main reason why differences of opinion exists amongst all ama is because they are different approaches towards the Quran and Sunnah. Going all the way back towards the Sahaba. For a month to Sahaba they were two who are most famous in the field of Abdullah even Omar radi Allahu anhu and Abdullah even Masuda Raja Lovato. Abdullah even almost approach to fick was whatever Allah and the Prophet said he would follow it no questions asked.

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Abdullah, even Massoud approach approach to fake was to understand why did the Prophet seed what's the context? What's the wisdom? What's the benefit? How do we apply it now? How do we apply it in this situation? And so this became the two separate approaches towards fit, which in technical term terms of doula even woman's approach became known as the Heidi's approach. And a doula even massage approach became known as the right approach. To put it simply, one approach is to follow what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said. The other approach is to follow what the prophets of Allah holy Islam meant. And this goes all the way back to the time of the Prophet salallahu alayhi

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wasallam so once when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Sahaba were on a journey towards an enemy fortress, that fortress was called Bonhoeffer, these are the enemy riccobono curries and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said, none of you should pre select to answer until you get to Bamako, Reza so on DVD, so time was almost finished. Half the army stopped and they prayed. So before the time ended, the other half marched to Bonnie pureza. And we got out of the asset.

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And when the Prophet asked him why the one group said that you said We mustn't pray us until we get it, should we obey God? The other group says, No, we understood you meant that we must hurry there. And of course you're not gonna miss us around time didn't mean for us to miss after a certain time. So we prayed a certain time. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he did not tell either group you are wrong.

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So what happened your one group followed what the prophet said the other group followed what the prophet meant. And this became the two options

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To watch, and this overtime became the various modality. So for example, the Hanafi madhhab is more rooted in following what the prophet was not meant at the right approach. Imam, Abu hanifa and his students, they will get together they will discuss and they'll say, What did the Prophet mean by this? What was the context? What was the reason? And they would have discussions about this.

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Most of the other orlimar like, you know, even humble and even has some of these already remodeled the approach is more the profit centers. So this is what we're going to do. No questions asked. Again, both approaches are completely acceptable. Both approaches are completely acceptable. Let me give you a practical example. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said whoever's garment or clothes is below the ankle would be in the Hellfire

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Hades understanding of this Hadees that having your clothes below your ankle is haram. I do see the opinion on Mineola. Right, the ROI understanding of this Hadees is that in that time, arrogant people to show the arrogance you should have the clothes flowing on the ground. So what the prophets lie some is prohibiting is dressing with arrogance, not your clothes being below your ankles. And so your mama hanifa said close below the ankle is haram. Imam Shafi said is only harami out of arrogance, or either of them rejecting the Hadees. No, they just understood it differently. One looked at what the prophet said, one looked at what the prophet meant, and they arrived at different

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conclusions. Both approaches are acceptable. We have to learn to understand this broad both approaches are acceptable. You know how many times you walk into a mosque to give a lecture and everyone's looking at your pants. If your pants is below your ankles like this strategy, you don't hear any words you say, person giving a lecture could be falling the Imam Sharpies opinion of a worker whose pants you should be below his ankles. And the purpose was I'm told him that's fine for you, because you're not doing it out of arrogance. idea, different opinions on these issues. Don't be so hardcore on the secondary issues where the allama differed. So this is the first reason why

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automatically there are two approaches to fake. It depends which approach that Allium has adopted. Some albums have a

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low ROI approach a more intellectual, engaging with the text approach, some having more Hadees, that whatever the Prophet said, we will do approach and again, both approaches, both of these methodologies go back to the Sahaba. Both of these methodologies are completely acceptable. The second reason why scholars differ and this is very technical. So I'm going to keep it as simple as possible. Every must have has different conditions for accepting a decent,

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right. So for example, the Hanafi madhhab will only accept the Hadees in fit, if it reaches a certain level of authenticity, meaning there are some Hadees, which are authentic, so the Sharpie must have a rule accordingly. But the unhappy motherboard accepted because he's not at the level that they are looking for. Right. So they say they say this, we didn't think it is, but we won't base a ruling on it because he's not on this level, I should have different understanding of at what level must be asked for it to be used. In fact, even even Moloch had a different approach. Mr. Malik, he lived in Medina, at the time when the children and the grandchildren of Sahaba were living

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in Medina. So he found the Hadees, contradicting the practice of the people of Medina at his time, he would rather follow the practice of the people of Medina. Why? Because he said, this is the Sunnah passed down from the Sahaba to the children and grandchildren. So it's more likely to be correct in a single Hadees. So sometimes the Hadees may see something in a Maliki mother who see something else because it's following the Sudan, the region through deeds, not words. So again, it's very technical to go into but just understand it exists. Understand that these differences exist amongst all Amma, you may go to one album, they tell you this is the ruling because this is the

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Hadees. And that album, so you know that Hadees it's, it's authentic, but it's not under label for fix. So that's what I do. I don't do it accordingly. Again, these are acceptable differences of opinion amongst the AMA. None of them are rejecting the Hadees. They just have different understandings of what level should Heidi's be asked for it to be used in tech. Right?

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The third reason why we might have differences of opinion, is when they seem to be too hard pieces that seem to contradict each other. Which one do we follow? And which one do we fall when they seem to be too aggressive that seem to contradict each other? Let me give you an issue, which again, causes problems in our community for no reason. It's actually a legitimate difference of opinion. I shall Roger and Hannah rated that the prophets lie some prohibited the making of statues, right of statues and images of human beings and animals. Right. But I shared you know, also narrated that she had dogs, including of Oxford wings. So is this a contradiction? Well, the allama have two

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approaches. The first approach, some of the Hanafi allama have said that the making of images is haram. And so they made interpretation of the second Hadees and he said, That's not the real toys. It just used the word to idea just twice of the time he wasn't real twice

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as he found in most of the mega hippie mama novel

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of this view, he said, No, both pieces are acceptable. He said, making of images is prohibited for adult usage because it can lead to idol worship. But for children's toys, children's things which have images, he said, That's perfectly fine. Because there's no fee of Shirky.

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And so this became a difference of opinion amongst Allah. Some Allah believed children's toys and cartoons and things with images are halaal. Some believe is haram. Both approaches are based on Hadees. Both opinions are based on Hadees. And both opinions can be traced back to early scholars, those who are saying it's Haram, Mr. Abu hanifa, say that those who are saying it's Hello, mom, I know he said that voted immigrate Allah, both opinions are acceptable. You don't have to fight with people over this. I haven't How many times have seen Muslims fight over this issue, you know, as if this is a matter of demand. And it's not it's a legitimate difference of opinion. In fact, that goes

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right back to the beginning. So sometimes the scholars differ on which Hadees is the main Hadees to follow in a specific issue.

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The third reason or other the fourth reason why Allah differ and this one here again, may come as a shock to many of you,

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is because of culture.

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Right? Many people don't know this, but culture is very important. In fact, one of the five main principles of fake agreed upon by all the math hubs is that mahatama which means the local culture is the deciding factor. This is a principle of when there is a clash of cultures, and both cultures are halaal. In the physical ruling goes according to the local culture.

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And what's interesting is Mr. Juan Eva was one of the main people who get who mentioned and taught and promoted this idea that local culture is the deciding factor. I say this because today so many people who claim to be happy, try to import cultures from India to South Africa, instead of adopting the local culture. When in reality Mr. mamani first approach was you must adopt to the culture of the country you're living in this really moment when you first approach that you must adopt to the culture of the country you are living in. This is something very clear in the books that when there is a clash of cultures, you go with the local culture. Now this is only in secondary issues, where

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it does not contradict the Quran and Hadees. Right. So for example, you'll find this mainly applied in marriage and business laws. So for example, if you are in India here to ask for Allium from India,

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after getting married, should I live with my parents or move into my own home? And are you in India because you live with your parents and Ollie, Miss Africa may tell you move into your own home. Why? Why there's a difference of opinion here. Because the cultures are so different. What's beneficial in one country may be harmful in another country. In the Indian culture, it is beneficial to continue living with your parents after marriage in South African culture that normally leads to fights between the mother and daughter in law, so it's more beneficial to have a separate home. So the olema based on this cultural difference will give a different ruling in different countries.

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Because this is how fake works. Fake Islamic law is meant to be universal, applicable to every time every place every culture. And so Allah has made it like this, that the laws can change. So secondary laws not the primary laws. The secondary laws can change from culture to culture, from time to time, from place to place, and to an island in Saudi Arabia may give one factor and the Allium in India may give a different fatwa, an alum in Durban may give a different fatwa. And the olive in Cape Town may give a different fatwa. And all of them are acceptable because each of them are according to the culture they are living in. And each of them are suitable for the people living

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in that culture. And this is something which is very important. So for example,

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here the issue of the beard, or some of my students in Egypt, when the coup happened in Egypt, they asked me, will it be permissible for them to shave their beards? Now my general opinion is it's haram to shave your beard. But in that context, I told him, it's permissible. Why? Because in Egypt at that time, people would be used to being locked up in jail.

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They were being oppressed and in Islamic Fiqh, saving human life takes precedence over the secondary issues. So to save the lives this will become permissible. Will I get the same follow up to someone in Durban? No, you have full freedom to grow your beard in there, but no one's going to do anything to you for growing a beard in Durban. So no, I will not give us a fatwa. Yeah, because the color the context is different. Sometimes the context differs from person to person. So for example, two men may walk up to the mall and say, Man, I'll take a second wife. Right and the model will tell one guy Okay, go ahead. No, wait, why? Why two different rulings for two different people? Because he knows

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this guy is just his fear. He's wealthy. He knows how to take care of woman. This guy. He's got one wife, you can't even pay the bills. You making her work?

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He can't even take care of her. He doesn't know how to be just doesn't know how to manage his time. So this guy, find that guy, not

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Different rulings, different contexts. Now we see this in the Heidi's on the issue of child custody. In some Heidi's the proper slice of the custody to the mother in some he gave it to the Father, in some unit, the child choose himself, the green molecule Judas even assured he is committed on this hypothesis. And he said, the professor is teaching us here, not to take one ruling on child custody, rather to leave it case by case. Because in some cases, the mother has more rights. In some cases, the father has more right. In some cases, the child knows himself who's going to be a better parent, so let him choose. So Islam doesn't take a specific position on this, he leaves it up to case by

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case basis, each case will come to the ALU and he will decide accordingly. So the fourth reason why Allah might differ is because the culture may be different, or the context may be different. Right. And finally, the fourth reason I want to mention and again, as I said, the dozens of reasons why Allah had differences of opinion, but the first one are very applicable to South Africa and some of the big rulings which people are raising you. Sometimes one early may have access to information that the other alum does not. For example, the issue of smoking cigarettes, right? Whenever I tell people is haram, they tell me about showing showing a book written 40 or 50 years ago cities macro

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Well, 40 or 50 years ago, the scientific data proving the fatal harms of smoking was not available.

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So the Obama of that time did not have access to the knowledge that the Obama after they have. So the law they tend to look at smoking say okay, it causes bad breath. What else? Nothing else? Bad breath is moku so this is mokou. Now will Omar today have access to information that smoking kills lives, takes lives, it's fatal, causing millions of deaths every year. So the ruling will change accordingly based on this new information, and so today many Olimar myself included believe that smoking is haram. Why? Because harming yourself and killing yourself is

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doing things purposely to harm your own bodies. And so therefore the ruling will differ in some PC but also share with our young he said he was moku he didn't know what we know today. That's why he says macro. If he was elected he probably says haram too, because information has changed we have new information. This is very very important. You know we see this early on in Islamic history. When coffee was first discovered. Coffee was discovered by Muslims right. And initially some of them I thought he was like alcohol. So this is haram.

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So when they were given a chance to taste it, and to see what it actually does, and they realize this is the opposite of alcohol is helping us break the hatred is helping us discuss rulings is making us more intellectual is literally the opposite of alcohol. It changed everything it says hello, now had new information. The initial information was this thing is changing the brains of it, you know, is giving people energy so they thought is making them intoxicated. But later on when they realize is the opposite. It's it's stimulating the creativity in stimulating their intellect is giving them energy, they realize see something completely hollow and they change the ruling

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accordingly. So sometimes Alomar differ because one has access to information that the other does not. Right. So again, I say there's a bit of a technical topic but it's necessary This is a necessary topic because everyday young people come up to me and they asked me why why there's so many different opinions. Now you know, some of the reasons why we don't have time to go to all these maybe inshallah next time we go to a few more. But now the final point, what do you do about it? A lot of young people ask me the question, What do I do about it? You know, my mother, this machine is her grandma. She says hello, who do I follow? So to make it very simple, I'm giving you three

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principles. Number one, pick a Arlene and follow don't just pick and choose from everybody whatever suits you. Because the average person ends up picking what suits the enough's what suits the designs, pick up on him and follow his 103 a sharpie or Maliki someone who doesn't even follow up as long as he's an island you trust your this guy's a scholar he studied deeply understands 50 understand the principles of faith, you understand all the different opinions, I'm following him. So pick up on him and follow. Do not Do not try to do fake on your own. So very, very important. We have the young generation want to make their own fake rulings, without any knowledge of Arabic

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without any knowledge of Tafseer. Without any knowledge of the principles of for the purposes of you know the maximum effect. It takes seven to 10 years of study to become proficient in the field of pick. You're not you can't make your own fake rulings by needing a translation of Sahih Bukhari. It doesn't work that way, you're going to end up with wrong opinions. So don't make your own opinions. Rather follow an ally. someone you trust somebody who is an expert in your field, follow him, but at the same time points to entry at the same time. Do not treat his opinion as godly, not treat his opinion as perfect. Do not treat his opinion as the be all and end all of this religion. Again, the

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other extreme in our community. You know if someone's following a Harley

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When you told him a different opinion, ticket,

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he's talking to you like your coffee or a non Muslim or a deviant. Relax, there are different opinions in the religion. Your scholars opinion is not the only one. There are other acceptable approaches to this religion as well. Right? Don't get all angry about these issues. Don't make it an issue where if you're not following my moulana, you're going to help. That's not how it works. That's not how it works. Learn to respect the other opinions. that's point number three, learn to respect the other opinions. As a community, we are only going to be united if we learn to respect differences of opinion. Some people think to unite, we all have to have the same opinion. That's

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never going to happen. It never happened to me the sahaabah it never happened the time of the therapy, it's never going to happen. There will always be different approaches to fit, or the amount will always have differences of opinion, the sooner we realize that except that respect that then only we will have the energy. So three things, PK Arlene and follow Him. Number two, except that he's not perfect, and he could be wrong on some issues. Number three, respect all the opinions that come from within a house. You know, what Giamatti come from within the scholarly tradition, except all of these opinions as acceptable. Don't get all hardcore on these issues. These are secondary

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issues, and want to enter the Hadees that that clarifies all of this are very beautiful IDs, it gives hope to alarm around the world and their followers. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam stated, whichever Alamo scholar makes an effort to understand the issue.

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If he is wrong, Allah will reward him. And if he is right, Allah will give him double

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meaning what what does it mean? on these issues of difference of opinion? You are following an argument and tried his best to figure out what's the right ruling and he's following what he believes is the right ruling. Whether you are right or wrong, you are going to be rewarded by Allah because that is how vast Allah's mercy is. We have forgotten the vastness of Allah's mercy. We are restricting Allah's mercy when Allah has made it for us. Allah's mercy is for all of the different groups within our culture knowledge among all the different matters, right, someone believes that dogs are harder and one group believes dogs are Haram. Allah will accept from both. Whoever decides

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when they get double reward whoever's wrong so when they get the reward because they are following a Hudis. They are following a scholarly opinion. Right? So don't get hung up on the secondary issues. Because Allah already said at the problem somebody already promised us Allah is going to reward whether you're right or wrong on these issues. follow a scholar, but not treat him as infallible and at the same time, learn to respect all the opinions exists within ultra knowledge about Allah help us to do so May He grant us a deeper understanding of this religion may make us from those who are forming our faith and not allow our faith to waver for any reason at all. Ma united this oma and you

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make us from those who respect each other and love each other despite our differences were accurate Tawana n hamdulillahi Rabbil aalameen