The Prophet’s Farewell Hajj
Channel: Ismail Kamdar
File Size: 23.11MB
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When you look at the Sierra, the life of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we find that the the Hajj of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam marks the the pinnacle of his story.
It's a milestone moment in the life of Rasulullah salAllahu alayhi wasallam.
From what we have known of our history, what we have recorded of our history, we only know for sure that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, performed one Hajj.
Right, it is possible that the pre Islamic era he may have performed Hajj, but in the medina an era Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam when for Hajj just one time and that was right at the end in the Tinti of Hijra. And this Hajj has been recorded in great detail and the region in a lot of detail. And it is explained with so much details that entire books can be written just going over the Hajj of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam because of the amount of lessons that we can take from this one incident, to put it in its historical context. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spent 13 years in Makkah, preaching Islam being abused by his people dealing with all kinds of slander and
violence from his people.
He's patient, he continues to preach the truth. He his followers grow slowly. Eventually they are exiled, and he's forced into exile forced to exit Makkah to move geometry which becomes Madina Munawwara and he then spends the next few years in war with the people that Makkah, a war takes place between the Muslims and the people of Makkah that goes on for years, followed by a peace treaty, and eventually Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam enters Makkah as a conqueror with an army of 10,000 and it becomes a Muslim city once again. So when Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam performs this hajj for the first time in 10 year of Hijra.
If you look at it in his context, this is the same prophet who 20 years before that had less than 100 followers
going into the city that at one point in time, was the home of his enemies.
And he now leads the pilgrimage of over 100,000 people to the same city where he is now the leader, and they are now only Muslims there.
And this really is the moment where the mission is complete. The mission of Rasulullah sallallahu the sum reaches its completion, Makkah and Medina and the surrounding areas are Muslim, they are over 100,000 believers, Islam is spreading, it will continue to grow until the Day of Judgment, the message of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam reaches its pinnacle with this hunch.
And there are many, many lessons that we can take from this incident where we don't have enough time to go to all of them. And today I just want to share a few beautiful points that we can reflect on from the hij of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Point number one is the proof of Prophethood
when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam first started to do Dawa, to the people of Makkah, many of the chief leaders in and out of Makkah, took on the mindset that, let's wait and see. If he's a false prophet, Allah will punish him and humiliate him. If he's a true prophet, Allah will give him victory.
And with the Hajj, it becomes very clear that Allah had given Rasulullah sallallahu some victory blessed his message, and it was here to stay and year to grow. And so the Hajj itself is a proof of Prophet it is a proof that also Lulu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was aided by Allah subhanho wa Taala in his mission, to overcome all odds and to become the leader of that area and for Islam to be established.
The second point of reflection is the importance of the Sunnah and the importance of Hadith. Because
when we study Hajj, how do we know what to do on Hajj? How do we know where do we go on which days what actions do we take? It's not mentioned in the Quran. It is narrated in the Hadith about the farewell Hajj of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So Rasulullah sallallahu something they tend to have hijra, he goes for Hajj, and some of the longest Hadees or the detailed descriptions of exactly step by step how Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam performed the Hajj. And we know today how to perform Hajj from these Hadees that these are these become the blueprint of Hajj. This is what you do. These are the steps you take. This is where you go first. This is where you go on
which days. And so we can see from the Hajj pilgrimage and the way Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam did it and how the Sahaba pass that knowledge on to others and that became the foundations of the fifth of the month herbs. We see the importance of the Sunnah the importance of Hadith, because this is where we learn how the Prophet sallallahu Sallam played Salah how he distributed Zakah how he did Hajj, how he did Omura all of the details are in the Hadees narrations making them central and crucial to fic to Islamic law.
Another benefit of the Hajj of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was that that was the moment where many people are the most amount of people on one occasion gained the status of Sahaba.
Sophia to just count the Sahaba as the people of Makkah and Medina, they may have been about 10,000 or less, right approximately. But what happened with the federal Hajj is that Islam had now reached many of the cities and tribes outside of Makkah and Medina, going as far as Yemen and even some parts of North Africa. And people from all these lands heard that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam himself is going to be leading the Hajj. So they all went for Hajj that year, with the hopes of meeting him. Many of these people had converted to Islam through the sahaba. Or through the armies. They had never met Rasulullah sallallahu if somebody had never seen Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi
salam In fact, the judge would be the only time in their lives that they will get to see him and meet him in person. And so this occasion becomes the moment where 100,000 people get counted as Sahaba, who wouldn't have had that gift before or after. So it was Allah's way of giving the status of Sahaba to as many people as possible. But having Rasulullah sallallahu he suddenly they hudge not at the beginning of his message, but the end when Islam has reached so many towns and cities already. So people from all those towns and cities gathered together in Arafa. And they looked upon Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as he was delivering the hotbar and again, the status of
Sahaba because as a hobby is someone who met the Prophet believed in him and died upon Islam, and many of these people who went for Hajj at that moment, had not met the prophet before after the Hajj. That was the moment that gave them that status of Sahaba. So this is again from the gifts of Allah to get to that generation that many people as possible would gain the status of Sahaba.
From the lessons that we learn from the Hajj of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the perfection of the of the Islamic law. It was during this Hutch that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on the night of Zul Hijjah in Arafa. While he was delivering his his chutzpah, the verse was revealed a Yo Ma Akmal Tula convenor today I have perfected for you your religion, and completed my favorite upon you and chosen Islam for you as your as your way of life. This verse marked the end of the revelation of law. Until that moment, Allah subhanaw taala was revealing laws to Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam over a long period of time over 20 years. But the revelation of law ended with the
Hajj of Rasulullah sallallahu. After that hajj normal lodge will be revealed. A few short tours will be revealed. But those tours were reminders. They were new laws. The law of Islam was perfected. During this hutch, will Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam revealed, received this verse in verse so important that once a Jewish man told Omar radula one who that if that verse was in our Torah, we would have made it occasion of revelation eight eat a day of celebration.
That this was something they were envious of with the Muslim scriptures is the only scripture that has a verse like this, that today we have perfected for you your religion that we have
The perfect way of life in Islam.
From the benefits of the Hajj of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is that we get from this Hajj, one of the most beautiful and comprehensive footpaths in the history of Islam, which we know today as the Farewell Sermon, the final goodbye. So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at this Hajj. He went from tribe to tribe, giving them a summary of the message of Islam. Because for many of these tribes, who are new Muslims, this should be the only occasion to meet Rasulullah Salallahu Alaihe Salam and to hear the message directly from from him. And so he gave them all a summary of the core teachings of Islam. And he stood on RFR. And he delivered a cookbook, which we call the
farewell goodbye, because we know now it was his final Hajj and he will use final goodbye to a audience of that size. And obviously, they were more hooked but after the for Juma and things like that, but this was the big one, where he summarized the message of Islam and delivered it to over 100,000 people. And from this goodbye, we learned so many lessons, this is one of the most important goodbyes was ever in the history of Islam. Now, historically, there isn't a single narration that gives the entire football rather what we find today, right? We have many websites and blogs and articles that give us the football. But it's not taken from one Hadith. It's taken for many
different durations. And there's difference of opinion on to why one opinion is everyone sitting and listening to goodbye, remember different parts of it. So each of them passed along what they remember to the people. The other opinion is that Rasulullah saw someone from tribe to tribe, giving them the message. So each tribe, the message was slightly different based on what was the needs of that tribe. So if the tribe needed to hear more about racism, that was the highlight of the foodbev another tribe needs to hear more about abandoning riba that was the highlight of their goodbye for another tribe needs to hear more about treating your wives, right. That was the highlight of their
football. So it was different for each tribe based on what was the problems that they that that society had. So what we find is that the historians compiled all of these innovations together, and put it together as a single Kappa, and that's fine. That's fine, but just understand that it wasn't one good but a lot of these lines were from smaller foodbuzz that the prophets like some gave to the individual tribes, and each of these give us benefits and lessons. So
one of the things that came out of this Hajj is that we have this final footpath, and we have all the lessons that we can take from it. Another benefit that we take from the final Hajj of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is clarification on various issues of Fick that were unclear to the sahaba. Before that, for example.
Today we take it for granted that when we go for Hajj, you can perform Amara and then you can perform Hutch. But until the 10th, you have hijra, that wasn't a thing. You either went to Makkah for Umrah or you went to Makkah for hajj, the idea that you could make one journey and do your own route and do your Hajj in the same journey as two separate acts of ibadah. This was unknown until the Hajj of Rasulullah sallallahu. He saw where he went and he explained to the Sahaba did he can do this, and this became something that many of the Sahaba did now Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam himself, he combined his hajj and umrah into one act of worship, right. You know we have three types
of Hajj one where you just go with the intention of Hajj one where you combine your hygiene O'Meara with a single Iran and one way you do the hygiene separately, so he combined them with a single Iran, but he recommended to the Sahaba to do the Hajj and Umrah separately, and he said if he had to go for a second Hajj, then he would do it separately. So they're both tuna right whether you do the Hajj and Umrah separately or in one roundabout so now based on this hadith, so these aspects of fic were clarified. During the prophets Hajj, another aspect of ficta was clarified during his Hodges we know that it is true not too fast the Day of Arafah right. And we discussed this last week it should
not to foster the Arafa so Rasulullah slowly, some everyday every year until that year, had fasted The Day of Arafah. But this was the first and only time where he was in Arafa on the Day of Arafah. So does he fast. Do the hajis have to fast the Day of Arafah winning Arafa we know today you don't. But on that day, it wasn't clear. It wasn't clear yet whether you had too fast or not because they knew every year until that point Rasulullah sallallahu some foster Day of Arafah so people were actually standing around him and watching him to see if he's fasting and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam spent the day of Arafah making dua and he was so deeply engrossed in his dua he did not even
look around him he did not eat any do not drink anything. So people couldn't figure out whether he was fasting or not. So many of them did not eat not any did not drink with the intention that it
The Prophet is fasting we also fasting. But if he's not fasting, they will have something but later. So Rasulullah saw Sam's wife Maimunah Rajala wanna see the wisdom of his of the wives of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam in the story, his wife Maimunah, she noticed that this is going on, these people are getting dehydrated, standing in the sun and Arafa. And you're not drinking anything because they don't know if the prophet is fasting or not. So she took it upon herself, she poured a glass of milk. And she took it to the prophets like some and presented it to him. And he understood what why she did that. So he raised the glass so everyone can see it. And he drank the milk. And as soon as
he did that everybody went to drink some water on board and they realize it's an homage you don't foster they have Arafa. So this point of Fick was clarified to this incident, so the Hajj of Rasulullah some is full of beautiful stories that is many, many stories from which we learn these gems, we learn our faith, we learn our clock, we don't learn about the wisdom of the Sahaba we learn about the message of Islam. It's a beautiful, beautiful incident, or event in our history worth studying in detail and I highly recommend that you read about it in more details take the time to read all the Hadees or the historical narrations about the Hajj of Rasulullah Salaam. As I said it's
too much to cover in a single quote, but there is so much narrated about his edge that we can't cover it in a single hood buster. Today I chose instead to focus on some of the lessons that we can learn from it. We ask Allah to accept from us we ask Allah to accept the Hajj of all of those who are going for Hajj this year, and to allow those of us who have not been for Hajj yet who wish to go again to be able to go in the future. Roberta Artina dunya Hasina Warfield actually has now working as a banal superhydrophobic Arabic is a Tmic foon was salam. Ala Salim Al hamdu lillahi rabbil aalameen
hamdu lillah wa salatu salam ala Mala Anna be about Amma but for inner circle Hadith the Kitab Allah wa ala Haji Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was short on money more desire to have a Golem or desert in Vida COVID-19 Dolla dolla tintina.
The highlight that we tend to focus on when we talk about the final hedge of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is his final sermon, his final football where Rasulullah Salallahu Alaihe Salam he he stood upon Mount Arafa. And he addressed the largest gathering he ever addressed. And he summarized for them, the core teachings of the message of Islam. Now, we don't have time to go through the football. But I just want us to,
to look at some of the key points that he covered. Think about it this way. There are 1000s of things we can talk about in football. There are 1000s of important lessons to know about Islam Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam on that occasion, chose what he believed were the most important things that every Muslim needs to know. Because the people coming from hajj are coming for Hajj, they will take that message back to their tribes and their cities and their countries. And that will be the message that reaches them the primary message that reaches them about Islam.
And when you think about the points he chose to cover in his final goodbye, it's quite fascinating. So for example, he brought up the issue of the prohibition of rebar of interest, a prohibition that we take very lightly today.
But Rasulullah sallallahu anism saw it as something so important that he addressed it in his final football, that there will be no more rebar after today, and even said that anyone who owns his own uncle rebar should not have to, they don't have to pay him back to the budget, the principal amount, just to show that this is something completely
heated in our religion. Right? that interest is a major sin in Islam, not a minus, and especially if you're the one charging it, you're forced to paying it. So minus and if you're charging people interest, that's a major sin, right, because you're the one who's oppressing others. Because in Islam, lending people money is a sadaqa is the act of worship. So when you charge interest on it, and you turn it into something profitable, it becomes a major city becomes exploiting the poor. And this is a main a major problem of the world economy today. The entire economy is built on rebar. And this is why we see that the divide between rich and poor gets bigger and bigger with each passing
year. Because the robust system is designed to oppress the poor and to keep the poor and to put them into so much of debt that they can never pay it back. So this is something evil and hated in our religion. And we need to revive that hatred for Riba and seek out alternatives. Because this is from the primary teachings of Islam, such an important teaching that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam chose to highlight it in his final hotbar.
Another important point that he chose to highlight in the in the final chutzpah is racism.
And this is fascinating because up until this point in history, we do not know anyone in history, who made such a clear statement about about racism as Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam did in the final football. Because in this cookbook, the Prophet sallallahu sallam said that a white person is not better than a black person and a black person is no better than a white person. And an Arab is not better than a non Arab and a non Arab is not better than an Arab, but you're all equal in the sight of Allah. This idea that Arab and non Arab, black and white are all equal. This idea was not taught by anyone that we know of in history as clearly and explicitly as Rasulullah. Salallahu had made it
that day. And we know right until today, all over the world, racism remains a problem, even amongst Muslims.
Right, that this is a disease of the heart that we need to fight we need to purify our souls, we need to overcome it. It is something that is not good for society. It is something against the teachings of Islam. It remains a problem throughout the world today, even in Muslim communities, it is something again, so major, that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam chose to address it in his final footpath, and to remind the people that nobody is better than anyone just because of the race they are born into, or the tribe they are born into. Rather, it is your deeds in your relationship with Allah, that is all that matters.
A third point that he brought up in the final footpath is the importance of treating your wives. Well, Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam mentioned in the final footpath, that your wives are under your authority, so treat them kindly. Your wives are under your authority, so treat them kindly. So in Islam, I know it's not politically correct to say it anymore. But in Islamic fiqh, the man is the head of the household has authority over his wife and children. But Rasulullah sallallahu, some informed people that with that authority, comes responsibility. And part of that responsibility is that you treat the people under your authority with kindness, with love with compassion, you don't
abuse your authority, you don't you don't become violent, you don't treat people harshly. And he mentioned, specifically, the treatment of women, that men should treat their wives with kindness, and they should be have a loving relationship with their wives. And, again, this is something that many communities still struggle with, that we have this problem of men mistreating their wives or women mistreating their husbands, right, we have this problem of domestic problems. Honestly, I think it's worse today than ever before in history, that we literally have a marriage crisis on our hands, where people don't know how to interact with the opposite gender anymore. And we young men
and women actively hate each other, and talk to each other in the most vulgar of ways, and have no interest in each other. And this goes against the message of Islam. Because Allah created men and woman for each other, to love each other, and through that love to produce children, and for those children to grow up in a home that is loving. And for this to go on from generation to generation. And really the way society is headed we are, we are in a state where we could lose that, with this concept of a loving relationship between the husband and wife is it starting to disappear? First we saw the rise of divorce. Now we see the rise of a generation who's not even interested in marriage.
And all of this has a long term effect on family on society on the growth of the ummah. And so it's interesting that whatever points Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam raised in the final chutzpah, this still relevant today, he spoke against rebar. Rebar is a bigger problem today than it was back then. He spoke against racism. Racism is probably a bigger problem in the world today than it was back then. He spoke about marital issues and treating your wife kindly, still a big problem today. And this shows that we have not internalized this message and we are not live by this message. So I highly recommend that every Muslim family takes time to study the final football of Rasulullah
sallallahu Sallam to internalize it to apply it in their homes to the bite. Because this really highlights for us some of the most important teachings of Islam that will solve many of our societal problems. Really, you will fix the rebar issue you will fix the racism issue. If we fix the marriage crisis issue. We will fix many of society's problems. A lot of our problems come from these three areas and all three areas will be addressed in the final Hooda of Rasulullah sallallahu so we ask Allah to accept from us we ask Allah to allow us to live up to the message and to be able to practice it properly and to preach it properly. Robina have done I mean as wodgina was already out
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mama Robin out in a few dunya Huseynov will fill karate has now worked now Governor Subhana rahbek Robin is at your mercy foon wa salaam
ala Minakami Salah