Channel: Ismail Kamdar
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in the month of Ramadan, ever stands at night in prayer in the month of the month of Ramadan. Imam what is Abba out of pure faith and seeking Allah's reward? who fear Allah who murder God Dhamma means somebody, his previous sins will all be forgiven.
So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has given us a very high goal when it comes to playing at night in Ramadan, and that is to work towards ourselves being forgiven.
Unfortunately, we often get caught up in arguments and fighting disunity when it comes to the night prayer.
So, what I hope to do today inshallah is to clarify a bit about the history and the tip of the night Korea of Ramadan said we can learn to understand one another, and learn to accept and tolerate the different opinions that exist on this.
Because the night prayer should not be a time when we argue with each other, our hungry rocket we are praying, it should not be a time where we look down upon those who pray less than us. After all, we make false accusations against those who pray more than us. Rather, it should be a time for focusing on worshiping your Creator.
That is what the night prayer is for.
So let's take a look at the history of the night prayer of Ramadan. So we can understand why they are differences of opinion, and how they came to be and why the Salah is something that is important to the Muslims.
Now, one of the things that that makes it difficult to track the history of this is that the word we use today that while we was not used by the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, or the Sahaba, or the web, or almost anybody in the first three generations of Islam, he was only in the late second early third century that the word that we weren't invented. So it's very difficult to go back and see what did you What did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and the Sahaba do or say about the Ravi Salah because they never used the word Dharavi. Instead, you will find certain terms being used interchangeably amongst the early Muslims. Terms like the AMOLED iamu Chakra Ramadan, standing at
night standing the night of the month of Ramadan. Words like the 100 and there are we will use interchangeably in early Islam. And even the word Witter was used interchangeably when beyond the label and the 100. So for example, you will find narrations that say that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prayed seven records of wisdom, right,
or 11 records of wisdom. Now when you read the explanations, explanations say he played eight records of the 103 records.
So why did they say 11 in regard to return because these words were used interchangeably amongst Muslims in have the set definitions that they have today. Understand that the definitions of terminology was something that came later in our history. In early Islam, things were a lot more flexible. So what do we know from the life of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about the night prayers of Ramadan. We know that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to pray the nitrates are out there. And he sunnah at that time or throughout his life, according to Aisha Rockhill. Anna wants to pray 11 raka eight raka of Yama Leia and three Ricardo and this was the Sunnah in Ramadan,
and outside of Ramadan. And
this remained consistent throughout his life. Now the prophets Allah Islam, sometimes you will pray the night prayer in his home, and sometimes you will pray in the masjid because remember, the Masjid at the time of Rasulullah Phalodi Islam was connected to his house he literally had a door from his house to the masjid to for him to go to the masjid to pray at night was simply opening the door. Right? So sometimes you pray in the masjid sometimes you pray at home. So what happened? And I shall regenerators that once in the month of Ramadan. The prophets holy Islam was praying his nightly in the masjid instead of his whole. And so the Sahaba saw him today started praying behind him, they
formed the Jamaat behind him. And so the night prayer ended up ended up being prayed in Jamaat that night. So those Sahaba they loved it because think about it like nowadays when we go to a masjid, and we hear the Imam Cotulla we had a beautiful recitation. Don't we go home we tell our friends and more people come up the next day. Now imagine putting behind Rasulullah for rowdiness. Imagine what the crowd would be like the next night. So the next day the Hadith says there was double the amount of people in the masjid. And the night after you got even more. By the fourth or fifth night. The Prophets was stopped coming out
have in house. He's continued playing his night prayer in his house. And even though people were waiting for him the machine did not come out to pray with the people in the masjid. So the next day, so the Sahaba asked him about this. And he said, according to the generation, that I was afraid that if we're going to establish this every night, the prophet coming out everyone playing behind him in congregation, I was afraid that this will now become obligatory upon that this will become an obligatory prayer. Meaning in the sight of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam crane and night the Ramadan is not an obligation and leaving it out is not easy. It is enough religious, a sunnah is
something that is rewarding but not obligatory. So for the rest of the life of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he would pray in his home and the Sahaba they will do the same summer training the home so I would speak playing small groups scattered throughout the different massages, but everyone would pay separately. Then what happened after that? So the type of Abu Bakr discontinued and the type of Omar regular and he noticed that some people were starting to get lazy. When it comes to the night day of Ramadan. Some people will praying at all and some people sometimes you go to the masjid and be like 10 Different Jamaats in the masjid at the same time. You can imagine how confusing that
would be for the recitation of the Quran 10 Different people are reciting at the same time. So he said Why don't everybody display behind one Imam
is not going to become compulsory now, shall we as already established? Right Your son has passed away they're not going to be any more revelation is not going to become compulsory. Now. We know the practice was deliberate a few days. So why don't we do it so that there's not this, you know, divisions amongst us. So He in His Beloved, established the practice of praying behind one imam in the masjid in each masjid, we have an Imam and people praying behind him at night after a sharp and this became the night prayer of Ramadan and this became a consistent practice in the Ummah until today. So, the tarawih as we know, it is something that the Prophet saw your Salam practice
publicly, very little. But we can say he prayed at night, throughout his life. Right, but he was done in private. And in the time of OMA, the practice of doing it in public in congregation became normalized, and it remained normalized until today. But there's another side to the country's history that that gets a bit more confusing, which is when Omar regular annual, had the Sahaba praising Jamaat in the masjid. How many records did they pray? This is where it gets confusing, because one Hadith says that they predate and this is in the mortar if you open the mortar of Imam Malik, and even the Hanafi version of the mortar narrated by Imam Mohammed even Hassan Shivani. It
says it was a joke.
by another version of the same Hadith says it was 20 rockets.
You see, let's see where the difference of opinion and the confusion comes in. So some of the early scholars to reconcile between these narrations they say that when they first started praying in congregation in the time of Omar, regular one who they follow the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam, which was,
but understand that those eight records were very, very low. And for a lot of people, they can't stand for that long. So to make things easy for the people, they bring more records to show they could be shorter records. Because if you are reciting one jewel of the Quran, over eight records, it is a lot harder than reciting one Jews of the Quran over 20 records, because you're standing for much longer periods of time. So to make things easy for the people, they increase the numbers of regard to the more plagues and most such that and more sitting in between the records. As to why the increase the 20 Nobody knows. Right? It just seems to be something that the Sahaba settled upon. And
we know that what the Sahaba settled upon and agreed upon is good because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told us magma will never agree upon falsehood, and you will have to follow his sunnah and the Sunnah of the Halacha Rafi and Omar Rajan, who was from the Calabar Rashidi, therefore, what he said to the point is also sunnah, but the history doesn't end there. The next generation, they increase the burden. So in the generation after the Sahaba, what will happen was in Makkah, in between every four records of that are we they will make tawaf. So the people of Medina felt that the people of Makkah getting more rewarding us, they bring 20 records from Nigeria, and you're making so many
towels, so we need to do more. So as every foreigner class they will treat another forecast, so they increase the taraweeh to 36 lockers. And this became the position of the Maliki Mata why? Because we understand why we can get right the molecule or madhhab teachers that the practice or the people of Medina is sunnah to the people of Medina wedding Rama
I was alive. We used to play these extra cards of the robbery. So one of the positions found in a Maliki buzzer brighto today is that are we used to these extra cards. So now these you know, we have a lot of fights going on people out in Asia got 20 rockets. In South Africa, we are even aware that in some parts of the world, it's 36 rockets. And then we have single single in each mile addition that people see or don't want to bid on all of these fights happening in reality. In reality, when you look at the practice of Rasulullah, sallAllahu, the Sahaba there is a lot of flexibility when it comes to the Ravi, a lot of flexibility. Rasulullah Tillison, doesn't want things to be hardened. He
did not want this to be obligatory on the camera. He wanted this to be a voluntary means of Allah forgiveness. And he never specifically mentioned with the stamp a specific number of records for the night pray. He prayed eight, the Sahaba pray 20 The Tao be incidentally 36 Some of them paid 46 Some of them paid 24. Why? Because there are we is simply 200 paid. And the load of the 100 is there is no restriction on how much you pay
when you want to, but there's no restriction on how much you pray. And the Sahaba understood this. And so they all prayed according to what they were capable of doing. So hope this from understanding this history, we gain a bit more tolerance to all the different opinions that exist in the Ummah on this topic that yes, they are some must be the pre 20 and that is fine because that is what is the hot button. And that is the default position of the Hanafi madhhab and the Sharpie must help. Right and there are some months in the Create and ensure that acceptable from them too because they are following the Hadees and they are following what they understand to be the Sunnah of Rasulullah so
it's not any acquisition that many Muslims throughout history have followed as well. And finally, some people they like to see that oh, those who create they're looking for shortcuts. So I'll tell you a story right about over 10 years ago, I was in India with one of my teachers and that teacher said we're going to create a truck entrepreneur week so I got really excited okay intricate, said I'm just gonna be easy. He woke us up at three o'clock in the morning to pray for you woke up at two o'clock in the morning to pray eight records in those eight records. We recited three parts of the Quran.
right atrial that three part of the Quran now you imagine how difficult that is? how much easier it is if you're getting 20 records and three bars of the grant. So don't think those who say eight are saying it because they want to make things or because they're being lazy. They're saying it because they genuinely believe that. That's why they say because they genuinely believe it's a sunnah and they will treat that aid with the same level of pursue at the same level of class and the same level of zeal as those who patron and we have to learn to tolerate and accept the differences of opinion because both of these opinions come from Hadees. boded opinions come from the practice of the Sahaba
who did the opinions come from trying to follow Rasulullah sallallahu Leeson what matters is not argue with each other over which opinion is right. What matters is that we pray for Allah in a way that is pleasing to Allah would push you that is what matters when you come to the library of Ramadan if we want to under reward because of Suba salah the son promised us in the Hadith man Palma Ramadan Emanuel wa T Saba, hopefully,
somebody whoever spends the night of Ramadan in prayer, Allah who forgive all of his previous sins, the article love to forgive our sins and to accept our Ibaadat and to make us amongst the righteous Subhana rhombic
mousseline, we'll have to do that.
hamdu Lillahi wa wa salatu salam ala mon Landa Ba ba ba ba ba inner circle Hadith at double love affair you heard you heard the Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but shadow Cambodian have decided to how they're setting up the Salah.
So now that we understand the history of the tarawih, allow us to clarify a bit about the fifth of tarawih. So number one, where does the word tarawih come from? I say that this word was not used by the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, or the Sahaba, they just call it the ammonium or tahajjud is called the nitrate. So in the third or fourth generation of Islam, the scholars started making a distinction between the piano male with pray early and the Kiama male creately when it was prayed in usually after a Shah, they call it
and when he was creating the last 1/3 of the night they called it Archer but essentially it's the same salah is the same so that you spend the nights of Ramadan in prayer. And so whatever term you use for it, whether you call it the hour, we really call it tahajjud whether you call it a male, whether you call it the Amisha Ramadan whether you call it winter, all of this is fine. Your terminology is not important. What is important that we spend the nights of Ramadan was in our Creator. So number one, that's the terminology number two, how many rock gods is arriving. We mentioned that they were fooled Allah so Allah Allah used to pray Nita and the Sahaba some of them
More than 320 and from the web some free training for something that is 646 something 20 Something eight. So, we have all these different opinions. So, what you will find is that each of the must have took an aeration and may understand agree that that is the center. So in the canopy and chopping up 20 records is the Sunnah, why in the valley, he must have a difference of opinion some say 36 Some say 20 The humbly must have difference of opinion, some say eight, some say 20. And then we'll also another opinion found amongst some scholars in each of the Muslims. This is the fourth opinion. The fourth opinion is that there is no set number of records.
There is no set number of records for the rally. You spend the night of Ramadan in prayer wherever you can to the best of your ability. And personally I believe this is the correct opinion. Why do I do this is the correct opinion because number one, in the Hadith about praying the likes of Ramadan, the prophets of Allah only some never mentioned any number. He simply said whoever spends the nights of Ramadan in Salah Allah will forgive distance. And in another week of watching the same IDC said that whoever that is Allah has made fasting the days of Ramadan obligatory and praying at night Cinda whoever does these two things will be forgiven for their sins like The Daily Report. Notice
none of these are these will be ever mentioned a number of records and the Sahaba were the status of people in following the instructions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So the fact that they they knew that the Prophet prayed eight and they still pray 20 means they didn't see something a set number of rockets, they saw it as something that's flexible. They saw it as something where you pay as much as you can. And some of the scholars say the reason why they increase it to 20 is to make it easier for people because some people will come late some people will leave early some people can't stay for the whole thing. Some people have to work at night, some people are sick, some
people have the need for emergencies. So we're having a long night prayer broken up over many records, people can come and go and pray as much as we are able to. That is why you will increase your 20 by the sahaba. So number one, the name doesn't matter what name you're calling number two, the number of records it is according to your ability pray what you can I would push you number three must use should have a set number of records in Masjid should add a set number of records why? So people know what time to come and what time to expect to leave. Even if the Imam is coming in every day. He's praying differently. One day he's praying a one day he's praying 20 You will know
what time is going to start we don't know what time is going to end. It makes it very difficult for the congregation to the Imam should have a set number of records. And that is why Omar Abdullah one who has a set number of records for the demands of the masjid so people knew what time it begins and what time it ends and what to expect. Right? Number four. Should you pray at home or should you pray in the masjid? Because in the Hadith It is stated the Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam after he stopped praying for the three the three nights he prayed in the masjid after the suffering at home and he said that salaam three at home is more beloved to Allah did Salah in the masjid unless it is
a particular meaning the first salary paid to get in complication, but everything else is more than one for cleaning at home. So when it comes to the taraweeh is the more reward for cleaning at home for bringing the drama. Again we find the difference of opinion. Even humble Imam Shafi Abu Hanifa Devi have the opinion that there is more reward for playing in the masjid in Jamar, Mr. Malik, Mr. Abu Yusuf and many others they will also have the opinion that is more reward to pray at home by yourself. Because they say that is the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam my advice my advice is whatever gives you more cushion, whatever gives you more concentration, that if you
concentrate better in the masjid behind the Imam to pray it around in a mature behind the Imam. And if you concentrate better and have a better quality, Salah when you're playing at home, by yourself or with your family, then do that. Either way Allah was exempted from you, because the rules fought for the night prayer is actually very, very flexible. And either way Allah will accept it. And my final bit of advice, when it comes to the night prayer of Ramadan is do not fight about it. And don't judge other people about the choices related to it. No, sometimes you see someone leaving the Masjid. They pray for regard to the treat atrial Kochin anybody and everybody wants to judge that
individual, but you don't know that person may be going over and bringing another 12 across by themselves that that person may have to leave for medical emergency, that person may be leaving because they work at night civilian to get to their job. We don't know other people's lives and we need to stop judging people for these type of choices. At the end of the day. What's most important is that you're fulfilling the following that you're praying five times a day and you're fasting the month of Ramadan. And this is another important point, praying five times a day is 1000 times more important than 1000 times more important because the five daily Salah are the second pillar of
Islam. The obligation is a major sin to miss one of the form of Salah without an excuse. Right? And even if there is an excuse you have to make God up straightaway. Right so it is a major central mystery
Hello, but Ravi is nothing. It's so nice. It's optional. It's something we did no sin if you miss it, and according to the Hanafi masa is more similar to all the other Muslims, it's not feel right, it is not in the same category. And sometimes we treat that around me as more important in the front of Salah. So we will see people fighting with someone because in our patron of the Robbie, but that same person that will be fighting for us. And the only issue is that we don't have our priorities straight, your five salah the fight formula is far more important. If you're not playing the five salah, focus on that instead, that is more important. And then the taraweeh is built upon that it is
extra beyond that it is something extra, and you're not going to get the reward of the durability not playing your part. You're not going to get the reward of your person being forgiven if you're committing major sins in the process. So let us get our priorities straight. So to end and to conclude, we learned today the history of the tarantula, we learn from his history, there is a lot of flexibility when it comes to the slavery. It is something that the prophets liked him to not see as an obligation. He wanted it to be easy for the Ummah, there is flexibility in the number of records that you pray, so you pray what you can to the best of your ability, and those who pray to
God, they are following your Hadees those who played 20 rockets are following the practice of the Sahaba go to be accepted from them in sha Allah, so we should not write about it. And as to whether you should treat intermod agree on your own. That really depends on where you get the most issue and the closest connection ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala a lot of us can't recite that much or we're not fast or we haven't memorized much of the Quran. In that case, it is better to pray behind the Imam. So you get that Quranic recitation, and you get that prolong crickets with beautiful recitation, but some of us who are able to recite on our own and we get a bigger demand boost by praying alone in
the in the last one turn of the night, then that is better for that individual. And by the way, Omar Rolando himself after he established the tarawih in the masjid, he never joined with himself, he would pray by himself in his house at 100 times. And he said that is better. So he said train by yourself in the house is better, but not everyone's going to do it. So he established that are we in the mercy for those who are unable to play by themselves. So let us not fight about these issues. Let us not be judgmental about these issues. Let us instead focus on earning the mouthfeel of Allah subhanho wa Taala by spending our days in Korea and our nice in Korea. That is how we earn the
forgiveness of Allah Subhana Allah We ask Allah to forgive us all our sins, we ask Allah to accept our efforts in the month of Ramadan to grant us the correct understanding of this religion. Robina dunya Hasina what Bill
Bernabei are open and sloggi knows when the Yojana Kurata
mama Subhana robic ramen is at the phone was salam