Tafseer Of Surah Quraysh

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Ismail Kamdar

Channel: Ismail Kamdar

Topics: Tafsir

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Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu. This is the divine connection understanding the Quran Alhamdulillah. Last week we looked at the Tafseer of surah. Feel the chapter of the elephant, where we spoke about the important historical incident in which Abraham and his army went to destroy the Kaaba with an elephant. But Allah subhanho wa Taala saved the Kaaba from destruction. And so the sutra was revealed, reminding the believers and reminding the Quran more specifically, the minute the disbelievers of Makkah, actually, about Allah subhanho wa Taala favor upon them.

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So today we move on to the next Torah, which is immediately after surah field and that is to record the chapter of the Quran. And, you know, many of the commentators have mentioned that this is actually a extension of surah feel it's the same theme, the same topic, Allah subhanaw taala is continuing on the same topic of reminding the courage of his favorite upon them. So we need to get first into the historical context of the surah and what it's all about.

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pseudo courage, just like surah feel is a Moroccan Shura, meaning it was revealed in the early days of Makkah. In fact, it's listed as the 29th surah, to be revealed. So it's one of the very early Sutras, right? sutra field being the 19th surah, to be revealed. So these were very early sutras revealed right at the beginning,

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to remind the courage about Allah subhanho wa Taala favors upon them the who are the courage, and why are they important? Why is the entire surah named after them reminding Allah about the favours to them the courage with the ruling tribe of Makkah, the way the ruling Arabs of their time, not just of Makkah, but because they were ruling Makkah, they regarded as the most dominant Arab tribe in

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Arabia.

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So I mean, what made him special? What made him dominant? Well, one of the reasons was that maca was a central place for trade and business. It was an area to which all other Arabs will pass when doing business. So it became the center of business. So that made the Arabs of Makkah, the Quraysh, some of the main and most important businessmen in Makkah. And so, trade in Makkah was very profitable. And this raised the courage to being amongst the most honored tribes of that time. But more importantly, the Kaaba, the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala is based in Makkah. And even though at that time people were worshipping idols, they still used to make the pilgrimage, the hedge and the

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O'Meara to the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala in Makkah, know back then it had idols in it. But they still used to go to they still regarded the house, especially as we've seen the Tafseer of surah peel.

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And so the custodians of the house, the guardians of the house, to create were given a very special status in

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in the Arab culture, so the Kurdish regarded as amongst the leaders of Arabia, and we also amongst the most honorable tribes of Arabia, and so because of this honorable tribe and honorable lineage, Allah subhanho wa Taala, sent the final prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from amongst them from the bundle Hashem tribe, which is one of the sub tribes of the Quran. So,

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the Quran Shu were very, very important people at that time Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed through rafeal and sutra courage to remind them of his favours upon them to remind them that whatever they have is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so they should be grateful to Allah subhana wa Taala for his favors, and indeed there is a lesson for us there whatever we have is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we should be grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala for everything which he has given to us. Many times when people attain prosperity, and when people become more wealthy and dominant, they tend to forget that Allah subhanho wa Taala is the one who has provided for them, that Allah subhana

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wa Taala is the one who has given us what we have. And there there in lies the test, because wealth and success is just as much a test from Allah subhana wa Taala as poverty and failure, both our tests, but the test us in different ways. When one is put into a condition of poverty of failure or lack of results, then one is tested for one sober in one's determination to try harder. But when one is successful, and wealthy and a ruler in their community or leader in the community or in a power, position of power or influence, then in such a situation

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A person is tested for the shocker for the gratitude to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Are we grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala for what he has given us, or are we ungrateful? So, this is a very important lesson for us and this is what Allah subhanaw taala is drawing to the courage that Allah has given you control over Makkah. He has given you a dominant position over the people of Arabia, he has given you custodianship of the Kaaba, be grateful to Allah subhana wa Taala and worship Him alone. And it's very interesting that during those early days in Makkah, when the Muslims were not even 100 the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam would go around

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prophesizing that the time will come when the Muslims will rule the lands of Persia and Rome. They will take over the countries like Syria and Iraq from the Persians and Romans, and the courage of Makkah used to laugh at this. These will offer this English to seal. What is this man talking about? He doesn't even have 100 followers. And he's seen that one day his followers are going to rule and defeat people like the Persians and the Romans the superpowers of their time.

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And so, it was the very same Cornish who after converting to Islam many years later, who would lead the armies of the Muslims into conquering the lands of the Romans and the Persians. If you look at the commanders of the Muslim army, those who were the leaders amongst the Muslims in the time Abu Bakr and Omar, those who went out and conquered the lands of Syria and Palestine, and Egypt, and Iraq, from the Persians and the Romans, and others,

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the people like Saudi Arabia waqqas rhodiola, one who from the Quraysh, Abu Zubaydah been Jarrah rhodiola, who also from the Quraysh is even the Avi sufian de la mano, also from the Quraysh

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Holly de dignam O'Hara de la one who also from the Quraysh crema in the Abuja Hall, also from the police. If you look at them, most of the leaders of the armies of the Muslims who went out and conquered lands were from the Quraysh. And not only that, but Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam had said that the leadership of the oma should be with the coronation. Why? Because back then, if anyone besides the Qureshi had ruled, they would have been problems, they would have been disunity people would not have wanted to follow them because the average Arab was accustomed to following the Quran. And so we find the first half of Islam, Abu Bakar Omar, Osman Ali, Hassan Maria yazeed, Maria, the

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second, the rest of the immediate and Ambassador rhodiola who are on home for the Sahaba amongst them.

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If you look at all of the rulers of Islam for the first few 100 years, whether it was the hula Rashidi or the image or the abbasids, they all be from the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala had given this type of courage, such honor and such Iza that before Islam, the rule maka, and David the most honorable tribe in Arabia, and they were the custodians of the Kaaba.

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After Islam, they became the rulers of the world. They became the commanders of the Muslim army that conquered other lands and liberated the people from injustice and shirk. They became the Holika, who rule the world. This is amongst some of the many honors which Allah subhanho wa Taala had given the Quran and it was because of this that Allah subhanho wa Taala reminded him during those early days of Islam, when the Quran Israel laughing and mocking the Prophet Muhammad Ali a solemn and and the early Sahaba, telling them how can you think you're even going to become powerful? These are just a handful of people. During those days, Allah subhanaw taala reminded the courage of these fevers upon

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them, that unless you have a handle with Allah protected them from the elephant,

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if unless you can protect them from an elephant with birds, why can't he give the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his followers dominion over the Persians and the Romans. And so Allah subhanaw taala continues, reminding the courage of these favors upon them in Surah Quraysh where he says Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Merciful. Our manual Rahim boatman merciful. Rahman, referring to Allah's mercy towards all creatures. And Rahim, referring to the specific mercy for the believers in the afterlife, according to the Tafseer of the like the above or below one who

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Allah Subhana Allah says in the sutra

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The ILA Quraysh.

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swearing and taking an oath, by the protection by the protection or the security or the safety of the courage.

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Isla de [???]a he was twice the safety, when the travel to do business [???]a in winter was twice and in summer, whether it was winter or summer, the courage would travel to Syria and to Yemen and to Medina and to a variety of other places to do business safely. Allah subhanaw taala is taking an oath, by the safety which has given them they look at what Allah has given you, your Arabs, at that time, they did not have any power compared to the Romans or the Persians, but they could still travel safely and do business in the lands of the Romans. Why? Because of Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah is reminding them of his protection, Allah, reminding them of his protection and by extension,

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reminding us of his protection to us. The whatever safety we have is from Allah subhana wa Taala

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we live in a country with a lot of crime from Allah is protecting us from crime, then we need to be grateful. If Allah is testing us, we need to we need to reflect and do whatever we can to improve our security Allah subhanho wa Taala like you mentioned previously, the recitation of the rules and idol kursi these are all for protection. So protection from by Allah subhanaw taala, from the forces of evil is one of his favorites. And it is a paper which he reminded the courage of. So after reminding them of this fever of protection and safety and taking an oath by it, Allah subhanaw taala didn't tell them. Well, yeah, obudu Rob, beat, this is the command,

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the main command which Allah subhanaw taala emphasizes over and over and over again in the Quran. The very crux of Islam. This is what Islam is all about. Well, yeah, abou worship the Lord of this house, don't worship the house. don't worship the garba. don't worship idols, don't worship people. don't worship your desires, don't worship money, don't worship anything, except a robber has beat the lord of this house, the creator of this world. Rabbil aalameen, Allah subhanho wa Taala there's only one command in the surah and he command towards the heat la vida.

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becoming one in a worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala, worshiping Allah with nobody else besides Him, not giving the rights of Allah to anybody else. When we ask, we ask Allah alone.

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When we seek assistance, we seek assistance from Allah alone. When we pray, we pray to Allah alone. When we seek protection, we seek protection from Allah alone. We worship Allah alone, we will be a lot above all else. We love Allah above all else. We fear Allah above all else. This is to heed Alibaba, oneness in his worship, to worship Allah without any partners. And that is the only command in the surah because this is the most important thing because the Arabs of Makkah, they already believed in Allah being the Lord. They already believed that Allah was the creator of everything. They knew this. They believe this, but he worshipped idols.

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Believing that these idols could bring them closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala, believing that these idols could intercede with them, before Allah subhanho wa Taala even though they knew that Allah was the only God so we're going to take a break now when we return we will continue with the Tafseer of surah Quraysh as salaam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh we are looking at the Tafseer of surah Quraysh the chapter about the Qureshi which Allah subhana wa Taala reminds the Quraysh about his fevers upon them. This was an early surah revealed in the very beginning early days of Makkah, one of the first 30 sutras to be revealed. And in the surah, Allah subhanaw taala only mentioned one

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command for the Buddha Bahasa Beit worship the Lord of this house worship Allah subhanho wa Taala alone to eat Alibaba the worship of the Creator alone.

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So this surah

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is revolves around the courage, the courage, we are very, very important part of the Arab culture. And a lot of the DAO efforts of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was centered around the courage Why? Because if the courage had to convert to Islam, it would mean a lot of other people would convert as well, because people looked at them as their role models, people looked at them as the leaders and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi Salaam himself was from amongst them, and so we find that the Quraysh let's look a bit more detail at what were the courage like into

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The qualities we know that in these early days of before Islam, known as the time of Jah, helia Devi a lot of wrong practices around. Unfortunately, sometimes we talk only about the wrong practices and we forget to mention that they were also a lot of great qualities which the courage possessed. We know that the courage we are guilty of crimes like alcohol was arrived, Xena was rife.

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You know, many people didn't even know who their fathers were. There was gambling was very right, there was a lot of oppression of woman, there was a lot of

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you know, a lot of

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I forgot what the word was. But regarding the quarter courage we do, to the to the slaves, racism, and tribalism, and oppression, oppression was a major part of that society. But besides all of this, the courage of Makkah, also had a lot of good qualities. And these good qualities, were actually why Allah subhanaw taala chose this society to be the one in which he would send His prophets Allah himself because these were the qualities which made them receptive to the message of Islam. For example, the code the courage of Makkah, were very hospitable. They very hospitable to the guests. And this was something which was very famous. People knew if you go to Makkah, you can expect

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hospitality. And so this became a part of our Deen, this became a part of our Deen. And this was something which Rasulullah saw some emphasized the courage to mockup be very strong about family ties, something which unfortunately, Today, many of us Muslims don't have. But the strengthening of family ties, and taking, you know, being there for your family, for your cousin's for your extended family, not just for your children and your husband and your wife. No, we're talking about your cousins, your cousins, cousins, you know, the entire tribe was regarded as one family, and they would be there for each other, they would assist each other in everything that they could they

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regard each other's problems as they own. They had this collective lifestyle, which is part of our DNA, this has become part of our DNA, that we need to care for all our relatives, everybody that we know has rights over us. Unfortunately, we live in a modern culture, which favours individualism, where everyone watches out for themselves and only worries about themselves. And so in doing so, we tend to forget about what's important, and that is the rights of others. But the coalition maka, they had this quality, they were very strong about family ties. That's why, even though they rejected the message of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the majority of Banu Hashim

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still sided with him, and protected him and assisted him even though he did not accept this message, simply because he was part of the family. This was on the wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala. To put him in such a family, knowing that this was the culture of the Arab the deal would defend the family even when they disagreed with them.

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The Arabs of Makkah were also famous, the Quraysh were very famous for keeping their oats for keeping their covenants if you made a treaty with them, they would only to the best of their ability, and they regarded as a great shame for TT to be broken. That's why when the Treaty of Arabia was broken, Abu sufian was very embarrassed. And he went straight to Medina to speak to the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam because they regarded treaties as something honorable something which they had to honor, they were people who have been who took on a very seriously because they were the leaders. So they had all of these good qualities. They were also very determined people and

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very brave warriors. And very simple people. They live this simple lifestyle in the Arab in the desert, and this prepared them for the message of Islam. So when the message of Islam came, it was easy for some of the leading careers like Abu Bakr, Siddiq and Osman, if they happen in Saudi Arabia will pass and Abu hanifa

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rajala whom, amongst many others, to accept the message of Islam, because all the good things which the courage already had Indian Islam promoted it as well. And all the problems which the Quraysh had Indian Islam came to correct it so they could see that this was something beneficial that this was something calling them towards good and stopping him from what from evil, that if the courage with strengthening Family Ties he started continue with that. It the Quraysh you're honoring the covenant Islamic part of the religion. But if the courage we bring the daughters alive, Islam prohibited that if the Quran issue oppressing people based on their race or their tribe, Islam prohibited that. So

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the good qualities of the Quraysh were what prepared them to accept Islam, and what made that society a society which was ready to accept the message of Allah subhanho wa Taala and that is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was sent from amongst them

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And the early Sahaba majority of them were from amongst the Quran. In fact, if you look at the Ashura mo Bashara, they tend who are given the glad tidings of gender. All of them were from the Quran, Abubakar, a CD Cogito and who Omar Abdel hottub rajala. And who are fine Alinea, Vitaly ibobi diagne Jara Sardinia b waqqas does have been obaidul large we'll do a warm up dorama dibny off and so he didn't dizzied arogya lo and who may Allah be pleased with all of them, all 10 of these men who Allah

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Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam gave them the glad tidings of Jenna. All 10 of them were from the college and all 10 of them were early convert to Islam. And all 13 of them were very influential in converting others to Islam. And in leading this oma.

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We know that the first four became the palapa Rashid in the rightly guided caliphs, about whom Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam told us commanded us alikoum vicinity, vicinity hola Rashid, in that whole firm to my sooner understood now before rightly guided caliphs and the others amongst him with the leaders of the Muslim army, like Aveda, benjarong, and Saudi Arabia, Bo cos, and the generous millionaire Abdurahman evening off, and the brother in law,

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who assisted in his conversion, so he didn't use it. So these were very important people. And they all were from the courage. So Allah subhanaw taala, chose disclose it to send the Muslims to it, knowing that they were a society, which was ready to accept Islam, as compared to the Romans or the Persians, or the other society that existed at that time. The Jews at that time had become very arrogant, and they were going to reject any messenger, which was not from the tribe. So Allah had tested him with that, and many of them failed. The Romans and the Persians were superpowers only worried about this world and about the power, which was waning at the time, and about enjoying the

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things of this world. And so they were not the people who could take the message of Islam forward, Islam needed people who were humble, who is simple, who were able to deal with the hardships of, of spreading the message, who were true to the promise and the covenant, because accepting Islam is taking a covenant to Allah subhanho wa Taala, that you will obey Him, and you will defend his religion, and you will promote your religion for the rest of your life. And so the Qureshi of Makkah, who were known for being truthful to the covenants, when Islam came to them and they accepted Islam do a truthful to the covenant to Allah subhanho wa Taala as well.

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So it was not anything random. This was the Divine Wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala, that he chose his final messenger from the Quran. And so that his Harbor, especially the early Sahaba, would be on the Kurdish and that the whole alpha would be from the courage and the commanders of the Muslim army from the courage because Allah had this this tribe would Creek qualities. And so he reminds them about the safety and the security. And he reminds them in the final verse of the surah, of another favor which has given them a favor, which every society in the world seeks something which we South Africans seek as well. But Allah had given it to the courage. Allah reminds him and says, that

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worship the Lord of this house, which Lord Alevi, amar hoomin Joe Mana hoomin Hoff, though the Lord who has provided you food, protected you from hunger, and protected you from danger, granted you security, from fear and danger.

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To favorite Allah is reminding him of number one, Allah subhanho wa Taala had given the courage, plentiful food, they do not have to worry about hunger, they do not have to worry about starvation and poverty. This was something which they did not have to worry about. Allah had blessed the courage as being great businessmen and people always traveling to the city. They didn't have to worry about this. This is one of the greatest blessings which Allah subhanho wa Taala can give any society and it is in of itself a test. We know today one of the major problems in the world, in many countries is poverty and hunger.

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How many millions of people are suffering from poverty and hunger, and other hand how few people control the vast majority of resources of this world? So it's a test for both sides. It's a test for those who are going through the poverty as to whether they will be strong in obeying Allah subhanho wa Taala, even when things are wrong,

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and it's a test to those who have the wealth, that will they be grateful to Allah subhanho wa Taala and will they share the wealth with others? And will they help others and will they assist in the eradication of poverty, all the mice will be become stingy. Will we forget that this safety from hunger is not because of your own business experience is not because of your own intellect. It's because of Allah. It is because of Allah.

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Hana with Allah. And he's defined prediction. ality among job. He's the one who grants a safety from Hong Kong, who grants us food to protect us from hunger.

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And the other blessing which Allah subhanho wa Taala reminds the correlation of industrial era is what a man or woman have, that he granted them security and safety, from fear. Fear of what fear of crime, fear of murder, fear of animals, wild animals, fear of anything which is dangerous. And we know as South Africans, what a great blessing it is. Allah grants a society, protection and security from this type of fear. Because we live in a society where we have this fear. We live in a society where we are afraid of crime, we are afraid of people murdering, and looting and stealing. And we are afraid of all of this. So imagine the courage who do not have this fear. That was a blessing

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from Allah subhanaw taala to them, something they needed to be grateful for. So the entire surah evolves around the concept that loves to be handled, Allah had blessed the courage, he had blessed them in so many ways. They could travel safely. They lived in safety, they lived in prosperity with out any fear of hunger, or fear of danger. They had qualities which other Arabs looked up to the head Aqaba with them. And now Allah Subhana Allah is sending them another great favor, that he's sending the final prophet Muhammad Ali Islam from amongst them. That was his greatest favor. And so he's reminding him of his favors. And in return what Allah Subhana Allah artsquest return in return

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for everything he did today he did for them. Everything he does for us, what did Allah ask for in return? for the year Buddha has a bit worship the God at His house? That's all, all the artwork in return for everything which he gives us in life is that we worship him.

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That's all. But do we even do that? Do we even do that this surah was revealed to the Quraysh Yes, but the the the main the lessons apply to us as well? Do we worship the Lord of the Kaaba, Allah subhanho wa Taala

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because the primary form of worship which Allah has asked us for the most simplest form of worship, is Allah five times a day.

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The very basic just the foreign being to fudger for his or her for for us or three from Agra before for inshallah, but many of us don't even do this. If you're not even worshipping Allah that much have we fulfilled our covenant? Can we be from those who say that we are the amongst those who worship Allah, from the people of tawheed

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remind you of the words of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam as recorded in Sahih, Muslim, kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah for Cobain and our vino masala fermenter aka hufa ghatkopar

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Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam has told us that the difference between us the believers and then the disbelievers installa That's the difference. The difference between us in the disbelievers is that we fulfill the purpose of life of worshipping our Creator by praying our Salah five times every day.

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Or Sula, sunset for man tarraco for kotka four we've abandoned Salah has the spirit has left the religion.

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According to the Hanafi madhhab.

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A person who has abandoned Allah is still a Muslim, but he can be imprisoned because it's such a major crime. And if he denies the Salah is obligatory, then he becomes a copier. But according to all the other jobs, even the abandoning abandoning of Salah itself saying I'm not going to read Salah That in itself takes a person out to the fold of Islam based on this Hadees according to the humbly Sharpie and Maliki mishaps. How severe is the issue of not praying? Because it's our purpose of life. That's all we created for we not created to enjoy this world. Yes, we can take enjoyment for what is allowed, but that's not the purpose of our lives. That's something that's on the

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sidelines. We not created to just love that you born, you go to school, you go to university, you get married, you get a job, you grow old, you die and then you die.

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What's that that's not live that's existing. That's not living. That's just an existence. We were created. for one purpose well, Mahalo to Gina will insert Illa, Allah Buddha. Allah says I only created gene in humans to worship me. And so he's reminding us again for the Abu Dhabi. Worship the Lord of this house, worship him, why don't we worship Him? What

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When you lose from worshiping Allah subhanaw taala. How would it negatively impact your life if you had to pray five times a day?

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All he does is been positiveness. If you pray five times a day, you gain all that favor. That's a good thing. To gain all those blessings, others Baraka protection, you fulfilling the purpose of life, you feel that sense of satisfaction that you are living the life that Allah wants you to live. The Salah is just the beginning of emphasizing because it is the beginning it is the very basic form of worship, there is much more that we can do and that we should do for Islam. But that is the basic that we we need to start from, we need to get the five solar in order. Once our five solar in order, then slowly everything else can come to order as well. Because that five daily solar is our

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connection with Allah subhanho wa Taala when we stand with humanity and sincerity, and we see al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen All praises to the Lord of the worlds and we say he aka Buddha canasta in you alone, we worship in you alone, we ask for help. And we pray to Allah and we asked him in a Serato must Hakim Guide us to the straight path. Can somebody who makes this prayer five times every day with sincerity and understanding be misguided? No, because this is what Allah subhanho wa Taala wants from us. This is all he's asking us for. If we do this to Allah, five times every day, it is the beginning step towards success in both worlds, towards getting the protection of Allah subhanho

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wa Taala towards gaining the favours of Allah subhanho wa Taala towards getting protection from the child of this life. From the hardships of this world, and from the punishment in the afterlife. Worship Allah, worship the God of this house, don't worship the house. don't worship anything else, worship Allah. Today we have people who want to extinct those who worship besides Allah and those who don't worship Allah at all. We know that atheism is spreading, it's becoming rampant, atheism has become rampant in the world. It is, in fact regarded as the fastest growing way of life. You know, many of us boast about Islam being the fastest growing religion. But if you stick if you check

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the statistics, atheism is growing very fast. In fact, we can see it's growing even faster than Islam according to statistics.

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Because we live in a day and age where the emphasis is on or being your knifes on doing what you want. And the one way of life which allows people to do that is atheism.

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And we need to be aware of this problem because it exists amongst Muslim youth as well.

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Even young Muslims who are studying in non Muslim universities or schools, and they study science and philosophy, and all the other subjects and the non Muslim teachers did not teach him about door he did not teaching them or the oneness of Allah subhanaw taala the teaching abilities of the teaching them Darwin's theory, the teaching them that we came about by random

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and don't think it doesn't affect them, depending on how well they were taught the Akita at home, depending how well they were raised in Islam, and how strong they are in defending their religion, how much knowledge they have of their religion. If they have all of that, then yes, they will be able to come out from those classes with the money intact. But if we don't teach our children Islam, if we did not teach them the correct aqidah if we did not teach them how to defend the religion, and we just send them off to non Muslim teachers to teach them science and philosophy, the How can we expect them to come out from there with their beliefs intact, it does affect them. It affects them

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in a major way. We need to take one last break now when we return we'll conclude with the taapsee roswaal coresh Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Before we continue and concluded the field there was a question which came in last week,

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which is what books do I use for preparing my tafsir and there's quite a lot of books mostly mine Arabic, but just some of the main books which are used in food many of syrup, Nicosia, by heart, it is mighty Nicosia, which is the most famous inauthentic, obscene binary binary

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and also use for ideal the famous Tafseer by Mr. Mohammed Ashoka, Annie, the famous Yemeni scholar of the 19th century. And sometimes secondary sources, there are many others which I use as well, but those two form the main books of makeups here for translation. I usually translate the Arabic into English myself,

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because I feel that the translation which are available have too many mistakes, but I do use them. I do use a few translations to look at them comparatively. For example, they use the translations of use of Adi and Dr. Mohsin Khan and verrucosa mallex are used a variety of translations. Look at each of them and see for each verse, which one has the

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The best translation and if I feel that none of them do tonight just translate to Arabic directly. So these are the different books I use the many others as well.

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hamdulillah but in the Castilian emoticons are the two most important ones, which I use. Now.

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Moving back onto the topic of the Tafseer, of surah Quraysh, we said that, amongst the Quraysh lunchable, Hunter had given them these great blessings. So he revealed to the field and through our courage, with the purpose of reminding them of his blessings to them, that Allah subhana wa Taala had given the courage,

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so much good. Firstly, he protected them from Abraham and his army of elephants, that something which is which we can't, which they can't deny as being a blessing of Allah subhanaw taala. So he first reminded me to repeat that list unless you want Allah protected you and the Kaabah. From behind the elephants, so worship Allah. In the next verse next year, Allah continued

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to protect you on your journeys, whether it's in summer or in winter, when you go on journeys, when the courage went on journeys, whether it was to Rome and countries like Syria, or two countries like Yemen, they were protected people will not harm them in general,

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and also protect you from poverty, the joola such a rich and prosperous society, unless mahanta had given the courage everything in this world is a rich society, compared to the other Arabs. And unless you mind if I protected you from danger, that you don't have to worry about crime and murder in your society. Allah subhanaw taala reminding the Quran that all these favors upon you, I'm only asking for one thing in return for your Buddha, worship Allah subhanaw taala.

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So this is the message of surah Quraysh, which was revealed, originally, in the early days of Makkah, directed at the courage to remind Allah Subhana to remind them, of Allah Subhana Allah to remind him of his favours upon them, and that they should worship Allah alone. and by extension, this tool applies to us as well. The Allah Subhana Allah has given every one of us papers, every human being walked in the face of this earth has something which Allah Subhana Allah has given you have good, although might have given you wealth, he might have given you health, he might have given you safety might have given you a good family, a good education, whatever Allah has given you, even

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just life itself.

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We have to be grateful to Allah subhanaw taala and gratitude to Allah begins by worshiping alone. That is the primary way of being faithful to our Sparta if we don't worship Allah at all. Or if we not worshipping Allah alone, then we are ungrateful to Allah subhanaw taala no matter what we see with our tongues, because that is the primary form of gratitude that we worship our Creator and nobody else.

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And so I end once again with an encouragement to start praying five times a day. A lot of people always ask why always emphasizing on Salah in almost every case. That's because it is the foundation of our religion if you read the Quran over and over and over again Allah subhanaw taala reminds us Aki masala Aki masala establish the solid, establish the solid, why why establish notes other than the previous follow, read namaz or anything later he says established a solid, establish means make it firm make it a part of your life. Make it something which is always there not something which is sometimes there and sometimes not, you know, establish it, make it as properly as possible. And as

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often as possible, not just five times a day, but the sooner prayer as well the winter as well. The huddled as well wherever you can. The solar is our connection with Allah subhanho wa Taala when we start praying with understanding and reciting the Quran understanding then between these two things, we will see a change in our lives in our hearts and we will get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala so hamdulillah we have completed the seal of surah Quraysh, in which Allah Subhana Allah says in the ILA Quraysh.

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Bye by the security and the safety of the Quraysh Isla a[???]a. It was twice the safety and security during the winter and the summer during the journeys in the winter and the summer.

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For the Buddha Rob bajada date they must worship the Lord of this house, a lady at Alma who means you're the one who protected them from hunger were our mana whom Inhofe and the one who protected them from all forms of danger. This is the message to Quraysh and by extension a message to us. Well, yeah, Buddha has a day to worship the God of this house. Next week inshallah.

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We will look at the Tafseer of surah

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My own surah my own is a very important and beautiful surah also revealed in the early days of Makkah. But surah my own carries a very unique message in that Allah subhanaw taala. In this surah talks about the qualities

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of certain sins, which lead the person has changed, somebody sends out even though it was revealed in the early days of Makkah, it's very applicable to us today talks about things which actually arrived amongst us today that is, again from the miraculous nature and the beauty of the Quran, that the Quran will always be relevant. And every surah of the Quran will always be relevant in every day and age, that Allah subhanho wa Taala has revealed the Quran such and has made Islam such and even the Hadees of Rasulullah sallallahu such that even if you live 2000 years, 3000 years after the time of Rasulullah saw Islam, you will find even then, the message will still be relevant just as it is

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still relevant today. 1400 years after the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So, let us take the lesson from Surah koresh. And it does evaluate ourselves on the issue of tawheed Ali Baba the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala alone. This is look at every action in our lives, every belief in our hearts, and see how much of it is truly to eat Alibaba, how much of it is truly worship Allah subhanho wa Taala alone? Do we truly worship Allah at all? Firstly, are we from those who don't worship Allah at all, who don't pray, except perhaps on tomorrow or eat? Or those who worship Allah, Allah subhanaw taala

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like those who worship the world, who have become so caught up in this world and chasing after the world, that they practically worship the world, those who are foolish about him really up to date him, go and help it to those who worship the deer have.

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Some called it worship, to be worship Allah alone. Worship is not just in the rituals and in our beliefs, but in what do we put our trust in? What do we love the most? What do we fear the most? Who do we obey the most all of these are forms of worship. So with that, inshallah we come to the conclusion of this week's program,

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I pretty much wanted to put into our hearts, the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah, to make each and every one of us from the righteous followers of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, and from those who understand and practice and defend and propagate the teachings of Islam, we ask Allah Subhana Allah to guide everyone who is listening. Everyone here in the studio myself included to always be on Siracusa team and from those who worship Allah alone. inshallah I will see you all next week for the Tafseer of surah ma own chisako de Ferran Walker Tawana hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.