Tafseer Of Surah Fatiha Part 4

Ismail Kamdar

Channel: Ismail Kamdar

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Topics: Tafsir

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© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Alhamdulillah we began a few weeks ago to look at the Tafseer of Surah Al Fatiha the opening chapter of the Quran. We began by looking at the virtues of the surah. We spoke about how Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had referred to this as the greatest surah in the Quran. And he had said that nothing like it had been revealed. Even in the Torah, or the gospel or the Psalms. It is the most powerful group of verses that God had revealed to humanity. And he said that a door has opened in paradise for it, which had not been opened before.

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And we spoke about the narration about how Allah replies to every line of Surah Fatiha in our solar, that when we are praying solar properly with understanding and concentration, and we see al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. The alert replies hamadani Abdi, that is when we say all praises to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, then Allah replies, my sleep has pleased me. And we went through the entire surah Allah as reply to each line.

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Surah Fatiha is indeed, one of the most important sutras for any Muslim to study. This is something which there's no doubt about. Sadly, for many of us, it's just something that we rattle off our tongues without even thinking twice about. While the scholars have written an entire volume explaining the seven powerful verses this book three weeks ago about the first verse to serve at the hub. Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen from David spoke about the concept of Aruba BIA of last lordship, what that indicates the importance of tawakkol and putting our trust in Allah and our belief in God are

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the most Muslims don't believe in good luck or bad luck.

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Then last week, we spoke about the second verse our Rahmani Raheem.

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And we said that we spoke with Allah's mercy that both of these names denote mercy. But our man is talking about Allah's mercy to all of creation, believer and disbeliever, human and non human, all of the mercy that we see in this world that Allah has given to anybody that is from our man.

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And then we spoke about him being a Rahim, which is the specifically merciful, his specific mercy that he has reserved for the believers, and that is Jenna and paradise.

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And we see that in this world, Allah has shown his mercy to all of his creation. But in the afterlife, the mercy will be specific for the believers. Because if someone does not believe in God and paradise, or hell, then

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he is not entitled to be a part of it. So this actually takes us into the third verse of Surah Fatiha with the second verse ending of talking about Allah specific mercy for the believers on the Day of Judgment. In the third verse, Allah subhanho wa Taala reminds us of his role on the Day of Judgment, who he is on the Day of Judgment. And he says he is Molly kiyomi. Dean. And in the other recitation molecule, Mateen. Moloch, means the master. And Moloch means the king. So, between the two recitations, we can see that this verse is saying, that Allah subhana wa, ala is the master and the king of the Day of Judgment, that is the entire day of judgment belongs to Allah subhana wa

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Taala. Why Why is Allah saying this, to let us know that on that day, it doesn't matter who we were in this earth, we could have been the richest of men, we could have been the greatest of presidents or kings. We could have had the biggest following. We could have been the biggest religious leader. It doesn't matter. On that day. Every human will stand equally before the Lord to answer for the actions. And it is only your Eman and your good deeds, which can help us on that day. On that day, Allah is the only thing. He is the one who everyone else will bow to. And that is why one of the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala is multicolumn. Luke, the King of kings, Allah subhanho wa Taala is

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the king of kings. Anybody else on this anybody on this earth who claims to be a king or president, the rule is temporary. The rule is not complete and Supreme. Their rule is subject today being in obedience to Allah subhanho wa Taala as a king or ruler or president somebody is doing things which are unjust, and against the teachings of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Then even if in this world, they are let go on the Day of Judgment, they will answer to the King of kings who everything that they did. On the other hand, a ruler who is just will be amongst those who are

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closest to Allah on the Day of Judgment, because Allah is the most just and he's the greatest ruler. And so Allah subhanho wa Taala has informed us through the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in authentic Hadees that on the Day of Judgment, there will be seven people who will be under the shade of aldosterone. rather do seven types of people. In each of these categories. There'll be many people, but there'll be seven types of people who will be underneath the shade of Allah strong because remember the day of judgment, one of the descriptions of the Day of Judgment is that the sun is going to be shining, it can be very close to the people and it will be shining directly above our

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heads and people are going to be drowning in their sweat, it's going to be

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a horrific day for those who are sinners. But for seven special types of people Allah has said, they will be under the shade of Allah.

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Allah Subhana Allah throne, which he has described as being above the universe,

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and separate from the universe, and which is described to be

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so big, that the guru see in comparison to it is like the ring in the desert. And this throne of Allah, Allah, Allah has said, underneath it will be seven types of people. What will be the first type of person to be under the shade of Allah stone, age just ruler, a just ruler, why a just ruler, but we just need to look at the world around us. And we understand that for the majority of rulers, to have existed in human history, and even though it exists today, it's injustice that is most common. It is more common to hear people complaining about their rulers, than praising them. Because when one is in a position of power, it is very easy to abuse that power. Unless somebody has taqwa

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it is taqwa which stops a person from abusing power. It is taqwa which makes a ruler adjust, and therefore adjust. The ruler is somewhat who had the most power in this world, to oppress people, but he chose not to do so out of fear of Allah, therefore he will be closest to Allah, on the day of judgment, the day when Allah is the king of the Day of Judgment. On that day, the just kings of this world will be under a large throne. And we see this in a time of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, when he told us the harbor to migrate to Abyssinia, why did he tell them ever senior he told them because it has a just ruler. That's the only condition he looked for migrate to a place which has a just a

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ruler, and you will have freedom of religion, you will have freedom to do our you will have freedom to worship Allah and the Muslims that have migrated to Abyssinia. They had given the message that the just King and when that King passed away Gibran he himself came to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and told the prophets lolly Islam about the king of Amazonia that today a righteous man has died.

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Imagine the prophets lolly solemn, and the angels referring to a king as a righteous man. And the Prophet and the Sahaba prayed janazah In absence for this king because the king was in Amazonia, and they were in Medina, the prediction as an absence for him. But why? Why is that special treatment for him? Because he was a king, at a time when kings were known for being unjust. Were rulers were known for oppressing people. Yet he chose to be just, he chose to believe in Allah. He chose to treat the prophets companions well. And so when he passed away, he was given a special status. So the first important lesson that we can take from this verse is the importance of justice, that on

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the Day of Judgment, we are all going to be answerable to the King of kings, Allah subhanho wa Taala. And on that day, one of the things that lead most people, many people to help by injustice, so we need to look into our own lives, because each and every one of us does have some position of authority or the other, in which we can be just to unjust, we may not be kings, we may not be presidents, but we are all rulers in our own way. So inshallah we will continue discussing this after the break. Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Before we went for the break, we are talking about the issue of rulership and leadership and the importance of justice, that on the Day

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of Judgment, every human will be answerable to the King of kings, Allah subhanho wa Taala. And on that day, the unjust will face great trials and the just to be under the shade of Allah stone. And before we went for the break, I mentioned that islamically speaking, each and every one of us is in a position of authority. Each and every one of us has the opportunity to be just unjust, and accordingly we will be judged on the Day of Judgment. What am I referring to? I'm referring to what Rasulullah sallallahu

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Sam has mentioned in authentic Heidi's when he said, the kulu camera in each and every one of you is a shepherd or a leader. Well kulu must Odin and row at each and every one of you will be answerable for your flock, meaning your followers. And then he went on to explain, he said that the ruler will be responsible for his subjects, the scholar will be responsible for his students, and the father will be responsible for his family, and the mother will be responsible for her children, meaning whoever you are, wherever you are, you have responsibility and authority over others. Even as a mother or father, you islamically that is a position of rulership, where if you are unjust to your

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wife, or to your children, you will be answerable for that on a day of judgment. So many people forget this. So many times we hear stories, and youngsters come and complain. I've had so many young people come in complaining to me saying that they Father, please, five times a day, he goes to the masjid, he has a big beard. But when he comes home, he beats them up, he beats up the mother, this is not Islam. This is not Islam at all. Islam has prohibited all an injustice. And know that on the Day of Judgment, you will be answerable for how you treat your spouse and your children. And know that if you are doing this, then the Sala whatever reward you would have gotten for the Salah will

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be transferred to the account instead, from the justice of the Day of Judgment is that anybody who has harmed anybody else in this world, that Allah will take recompense on the Day of Judgment. And the recompense will not be in the form of money in this world. When we harm someone, they give money instead, to make up for it in that in the next word, it will be in our deeds, meaning that if someone has played a lot of solar, but they are harming and oppressing people, then the reward of the solar will be distributed amongst the people that have oppressed. And if they run out of good deeds to distribute, and they still own people for the harms they have done, then those people's

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sins will be put on their head. Now, think about this. Think about if one of us is such a person who prays five times a day, just as islamically, but at the same time is always picking on a sinner. So maybe you know somebody who has a problem with alcohol. And you're always picking on him, calling him names, verbally abusing him hurting his feelings. On the day of judgment, all of your Salah could be put into his account, and all of his alcohol can be put into your account. And then who's going to go to Paradise and who's going to go to hell. So this issue of justice is crucial to the religion of Islam. Islam is known as the religion of justice. And the Day of Judgment is known as

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the Day of Judgment, justice. And Ola is known as the most just because this is one of the fundamental qualities of Islam, that nobody is above the law, and any form of injustice will be dealt with, if not in this world than in the afterlife. So this is something that each and every one of us need to take into consideration in our own interactions, whether with our spouse, or with our children, or with our employees, or with your domestic worker, or even with somebody who you have met on the street or with your neighbors, or we just have the oppressed anybody, have you hurt anybody's feelings? Have you taken something from somebody else which does not belong to us, and

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which belongs to them instead, whatever we have done that is wrong. Note that even if you get away with it in this world, on your machine, then the answer to the king of the Day of Judgment, we will be asked about each of these things, and justice will be that

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the justice of the Day of Judgment is so strong, that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has told us on the Day of Judgment, such justice will be taken, that the sheep who had horns, and the sheep who did not have horns to be resurrected. And if the sheep who had horns had oppressed or hurt the sheep without horns, that Allah will give the other sheep a chance to take recompense, meaning the justice on the Day of Judgment is so strong, and so straight and so complete, that even between animals, Allah will mete out justice, even if an animal which has no free will, which does not have intellect. Even if such an animal oppressed another animal, Allah will take justice between them on

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the Day of Judgment before returning them back to jack to dust. What about humans? All about those of us who have intellect, who have freedom of choice, who have all of these qualities that Allah has given to humans, and with these qualities comes accountability and responsibility. What will happen to us on the Day of Judgment if you oppress anyone or anything?

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The sahaabah were so worried about justice, that when Omar Raji low on who was the belief, he would see that I am worried that They mustn't be eroded.

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In Syria, he was in Medina, Mali, there must be a road in Syria that's badly constructed. And the donkey slips on that road because of how bad badly it has been paved. And because of that Allah takes me into account and the Day of Judgment for hurting the donkey. That's the Justice the Sahaba had. They were worried about harming a donkey

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in another country, even though it wasn't something directly related to them. And today, how many people and animals and even environment around us do we harm and destroy without even thinking twice about it? Another story from the life of Omar Rajat unrelated to justice, that once a woman who was feeding for some fish, so one of the servants took the camel and went very far to get some fish for him and came back. When he came back, the camel was sweating and tired and panting, and Omar felt so bad. And he said to himself, to me, I've oppressed this animal because of my enough. That's the Justice didn't want to hurt a camel or a donkey.

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How many of us to hurt people on a daily basis out thinking twice about it? This justice is so so important. This is a quality which every believer needs to make a part of their life, any interaction we have between any human being in ourselves to any creature and ourselves, we need to think, am I being just Am I being fair? Am I being merciful? Because whatever I do, I will be held accountable. Don't think because we got away with something in this world, we are going to get away with it in the afterlife as well.

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So this is the issue of justice, as related to the Day of Judgment.

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Continuing on the topic of the day of judgment,

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in this Surah Surah Al Fatiha the Day of Judgment is referred to as much as you meet in the word Deen. We usually translated to mean the religion or the way of life.

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And in this verse is translated as judgment. It is one of the many names of the day of judgment on

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in the Quran. Now, why does this specific day have so many names in the Koran, it is because of how important it is. I mentioned this last week, because when something is important in Islam, it has it is given many names, or in any culture if something is important, it is given many names. So likewise, in Islam, if something is important, it is given many different names. So inshallah we are going to take a break soon. And then we when we return, we are going to go through the different names of the Day of Judgment, or what they signify Assalamu alaikum, warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Before we went for the break, we were mentioning that the day of judgment in the Koran has been

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given many names.

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And the reason for this is the importance of the day. I spoke last week that the more important something is to any culture, the more names it has. And to Muslims, Allah is most important. That's why we have 99 Names of Allah. And more than that, actually, as I mentioned last week, they are named of Allah which he has not revealed to us, which is clear from some of the words we have been taught. For example, you want to do us that we have been taught to make a times of distress, we say, Oh Allah ask you by every name that you have, that you have revealed to your slaves are revealed in your book, or that you have taught any of your creatures or and the names that you have kept hidden

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by yourself. So that

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indicates the DNA of Allah that we don't even know and that we only know in the afterlife, inshallah.

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Now besides Allah subhanaw taala having so many names the Day of Judgment itself has many names in the Quran, and each name indicates something important about the day. The Day of Judgment is known in this era as Yama Deen. In others Torah it is known as jambul Yama, as in Surah, Yama, la casa mobio milk Yama, I swear by the Day of Judgment, Allah takes an oath on the day of kiama. What is the Yama Yama comes from the word of karma which means to stand. So Yama, Yama would literally mean the day of standing. And some of the scholars have explained that on the Day of Judgment, majority of people will be standing for 1000s of years waiting for their turn, turn to take judgment,

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standing for 1000s of years waiting for your turn to take judgment. I want to just stop and think and picture that form for a moment. Picture yourself standing. And according to the description, everybody will be standing naked, uncircumcised, without any shoes or anything at all, under the hot burning sun, seeing the Hellfire and seeing paradise and seeing the angels.

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And we'd be standing like that for 1000s of years waiting for your turn to be judged. Unless you are from those who are righteous, those who are righteous, some of them will not have any judgment at all and will go straight to paradise and others will be under the shade of Allah stone. So um, if you

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Don't worry if you do, we don't want to be part of that picture of people who will be standing on that day, then we need to do what it takes to make sure we are under the throne of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that's the day of standing in another surah it is referred to as human hisab. He said, Those who know Arabic, no, we know it means accounting. So you will hisab the day of accountability. On that day. Everything we've done in this world will be accounted for good or bad.

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or less one that helps us in accounting ever has done an atom's word of goodwill see it, and never has done an atom's worth of evil. We'll see it. So on that day, we will be held accountable for everything. Now picture yourself this thing about our lives up until this moment, how many good deeds do we have? How many bad deeds do we have? For many of us that bad deeds outweigh the good deeds? But let's not forget to take into account Allah's mercy. We said Allah's mercy will be most evident on the Day of Judgment. And this is one of the areas where his mercy will be most evident. Why? Because we every bad deed we do. One bad is one bad deed is written into our book of deeds. But

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for every good deed we do. A minimum of 10 good deeds is written into a book of deeds. And for some good deeds, it's more than 10 for example, praying Salah in Jamaat is 27 times, some good deeds 700 times. So if a person had to do one sin and one good deed, that good deed will be much more than the sin on the book in his book on the Day of Judgment. This is Allah's mercy. When we talk about people entering gender because of Allah's mercy, not because the deeds, this is Allah's mercy manifest in our Sharia. Even if you think about good and evil, even if you think about committing a sin, that sinful thought comes to your head, and you want to do it, and then you decide not to do it, you get

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rewarded for that, you get rewarded for that. On the other hand, if you think of doing a good deed, and you decide not to do it, you still get rewarded for your intention.

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This is Allah's mercy that when you think about doing a sin, and you don't do it, you are rewarded for not doing this. And when you think of doing a good deed, and you never do it, so for example, you sit in Sharpie tahajjud tonight, and you ended up not paying 200 you still get rewarded for paying 200. So this is Allah's mercy, you can see the mercy of the Day of Judgment. So both of these on a day of judgment is a book of deeds full of Allah mercy. So if that is the mercy of Allah, and in the Day of Judgment, our sin still outweigh our good deeds. It's entirely our own fault. There's no way you can blame anyone but ourselves for that, that if we know that every good deed is what

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times 10 two times 700. And every sin is worth one. But still, our sins are more than our good deeds on the Day of Judgment, what went wrong?

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For those of us who are not doing good deeds, we know ourselves what went wrong, and we need to change we need to change immediately, because this day is a reality. And that takes us to the next name of the Day of Judgment. And that is a ha ha

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ha ha

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ha ha. What is a haka.

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haka comes from the Arabic word, Huck. Haku means truth, something which is true, something which is real. So, the haka is translated as the inevitable reality, that the Day of Judgment is real, the day of judgment is true. This is not a fiction, this is not a fairy tale. This is not a religious myth. This is something which will definitely happen, and which will affect every single creature to ever walk the face of this earth. Every single person will face the Day of Judgment, it is inevitable, meaning it will definitely happen. There's no way to avoid it.

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So we know this, we know that the Day of Judgment is the inevitable truth. We know that the Day of Judgment, each and every one of us will be standing in front of our Creator to answer our needs. So why didn't the reason why then do we not make an effort to do good? When we know that we making an effort to do good we are getting more reward for the good that we are getting for our sins? So our good deeds can outweigh our sins, at the mercy of Allah. So why don't we do it? We really need to ponder over this ponder over the day of judgment and how we are going to answer alone that day.

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The scholars I mentioned something very interesting on this point. And that is when you read any description of the Day of Judgment of anybody who ends up in the Hellfire, you will not find a single person going to the Hellfire and blaming Allah or being Leeming, anybody else except themselves or other people who led them astray. Why? Because on that day, everybody will know that the only reason I'm going to help it because of my own sense

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Because of my own fault,

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right now, we don't need to wait for that day. We don't need to wait for that day to think about this, we need to think about it. Now. We need to realize this now and make a change now and today. So that is a hack or the inevitable truth. So so far we see the Day of Judgment is known in the Quran as Yama,

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Yama, Yama, Yama, hisab. And a haka. Another name in the Quran for the Day of Judgment is a waqia. The event, the event that will definitely take place, as in Surah, awatea, it's going to be a grand event

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is going to be a very powerful event, something the most important event in the lives of anyone is known as your will ask her the last day. This is one of the most common names a human after the last day. Meaning that that is the day. You know, in some religions they call the doomsday it's the day when everything that we know ends, and a new existence begins. The new existence can be in paradise or in hell, it's up to us to decide by taking the right actions.

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It's also known as Korea,

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the date when there will be a lot of noise. And Korea means the day when there will be a lot of noise, just picture this. All of humanity, all of humanity together.

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worried about whether they're going to paradise so how can you imagine the screaming, the crying, the pain. Allah has given us descriptions of this in the Quran, when he said that it is a day when a mother, a pregnant woman will abort the fetus. And a mother will forget about her child. Uma federal mermin aqui, the day when a man ran away from his own brother

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was Sahiba Bonnie, and from his mother and father and his wife and his children.

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He couldn't run away from everybody, his entire family, you don't want to see your family on that day. Can you imagine someone not wanting to see the family? Is this think about that anybody who is a parent knows that there's no situation on earth, where you abandon your child. Right? That's that's the reality of being a mother or father. There's no situation on Earth where you abandon your child, mothers and fathers will sacrifice their own lives and died to save the children. But Allah told us on the Day of Judgment is a day you may feel moromi he was so he but he was Bonnie, you will run away from Bonnie or children. Why? What if you had slapped your child in this world and the Day

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of Judgment, Allah takes your goodies and gives it to your child because to make up for the oppression,

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then, so because of that, parents will be worried that I mustn't have harmed my child in this world in any way that he'll take my good deeds. At the same time. They weren't Muslim had my parents in any way that they'll take my good deeds. And the same thing about the spouse, everybody on that day will be concerned about themselves.

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Except for the righteous, except for the righteous The only way to escape this to escape the horrors for their judgment is righteousness, to be close to Allah subhanho wa Taala. The righteous will be under the shade of Allah throne as we had mentioned, they will have peace, they will have come. They will be of many types, the prophets, the martyrs, the just rulers, many different types of righteous people, and some of them will enter Paradise without any accountability at all.

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Rasulullah Larsson has told us that there are 70,000 Muslims who will enter Jannah without accountability. They are those who put their trust in Allah. They do not use any amulets for protection, they only put a trust in Allah.

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So the key to paradise or net Hades. The key to any pilot out any accountability is to put your complete trust in Allah subhanaw taala. We want us we want to be from those who want the Day of Judgment escape evil, those who want the Day of Judgment, escape the punishment of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this is what we need to do.

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So we mentioned some of the names of the Day of Judgment. Another very important name and this is the name most commonly found in the books of Hadith is a star, a star, the our star means the our the most important hour of our life, the hour that will determine whether we are going to spend eternity in paradise or how are we going to spend a few 1000s of million years in hell and then go to Paradise. It all will be determined in that hour.

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So that is another important name and you'll find this name in most of the studies talking about the signs of the Day of Judgment. Most of the studies which talk about the signs of the Day of Judgment. Begin with the statement lad

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Almost

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the hour will not occur until an alarm mentioned a sign that says I mentioned one of the signs of the Day of Judgment. So, again, these are some of the names of the Day of Judgment. Why do we mention them? Why do we learn them, so that we know the description of that day, we know the reality of that day, and so that it can hit our heart, it can affect our mind, he can give rise in us to a determination to change and get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So we can break out from being amongst those people who are distracted by this world, by those people who Allah subhanho wa Taala has told us in another surah,

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Allah Hakuna Matata serhat makabe.

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The competition to pile up the things of this world has distracted you had an accordion, until you visit the graves meaning until you die.

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Almost whether there's one there's no kuranda For many of us, the things of this world has distracted us all the things money, fame, power, authority, many different things, but they have been a distraction. We want bigger TVs, we want bigger cars, we want bigger houses. We focus so much on that that we forget about building a bigger bank account for the Day of Judgment. Allah has said it has distracted you has to makabe until you visit the graves meaning until we die. Let's not be a farmer from those people who only realize the reality when we die, because a lot goes on in the industry to describe the day of the day and what will happen to such people. But I do not want to go

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into details about that now because inshallah I want to do a full of theory of that surah in a later episode. So that is a bit more about the Day of Judgment. Now what I want to do for the final segment of this program is to look at what I spoke about earlier, those people who will be under the shade of Allah stone on the Day of Judgment, as that is a very, very important topic. So that's what we are going to cover inshallah after the next break Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh before we went for a break, we are talking about the names of the day of the judgment. So one of the names most commonly mentioned in the Quran, or in the Hadith is Assad. In the Quran, Allah also

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refers to it as a Tsar in a very powerful

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section of the Quran. Allah describes the Day of Judgment. So I want you to listen to this this is the first two verses of Surah Al Hajj we unless you behind what Allah says Miller Mani Rahim. Yeah, you understood the Quran Baku in nuzzles sala de ser atishi Azim all mankind, have Taqwa of Allah, be conscious of Allah.

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Because the violent earthquakes and the shaking of the hour is a severe thing. Allah speaks about Zelzal Artesia, that on the Day of Judgment, there will be a shaking. So the anomaly refers to an earthquake. And he says on that day, it will be an extreme thing. He goes on to describe it and saying, Listen to the description of the Day of Judgment. You mataranka does Haleakala model the earth in a manner that that day when you see it, every suckling woman will quit her child, she will leave her child. What are the aku, Luiza the hominin Hamza, and every pregnant woman will have will lose her child, she will lose the baby out of the fear and terror that strikes a heart on that day.

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What are on NASA sakara on that day, you will think mankind is intoxicated. You will think that mankind has gone mad

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wama whom be sakara but they are not intoxicated. They have not gone mad, while Akina, aza below he should eat. Rather, the punishment of Allah is severe. The punishment of Allah is severe,

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very, very powerful verses. It's fitting that it's the first of the hijra, and that is the opening two verses of Surah Al Hajj. So those of us who are even not going on Hajj, we can still take the benefits from Surah Al Hajj and look at those two verses and let them shake our hearts and realize the horrors of the Day of Judgment. The day

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when women will give up their children. Men will give up their families everyone will be going mad literally going mad. Why? The UK in Azerbaijan, surely the punishment of Allah is severe and they will know it. They will see it and they'll be fearful that they will be amongst it. Now what can we do to escape this? There is no escaping the Day of Judgment. But there is escaping the punishment of that day.

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We run away towards Allah subhanho wa Taala. Allah subhanaw taala has taught us what we need to do to be amongst those who are close to him on that day to be

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Amongst those who are under his shade the shade of his throne that day to be amongst those who will enter Paradise peacefully.

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Rasulullah liason has told us that there are seven people, seven types of people who will be under the shade of Allah throne on the Day of Judgment, we've already spoken about one of them. And that is the just ruler. And we explained why being a just ruler is so important and such a high station in Islam. The second type

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is a youngster who spends his young his youthful years in the service of Allah. Why is that so special? Because we all know, the time when it is easiest to sin is when we are young, between the ages of 15 and 30. That is the time when it's easiest to sell.

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At the time when it is hardest to do good deeds is when we are young, between the ages of 15 and 30. That is the hardest time to do good deeds.

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So for those of us who choose to spend those years specifically, doing good deeds, that is enough to earn a person, the shade of Allah stone and the Day of Judgment, because that is one of the hardest things to do.

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A third type of person person will be under the shield of the throne and the Day of Judgment is described as a person who gives charity so secretly, that his left hand does not know what his right hand gave. That is a metaphor. What it means is that he gave charity so secretly, that he doesn't even know okay, how much charity he gave. He doesn't boast about it. He doesn't tell people about it. He himself, it probably doesn't even know how much he gave in charity. He's just giving secretly for the sake of Allah.

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Why is that difficult? Because human nature when we give, we want our efforts to be appreciated. We want people to know how much you give. You want people to pat us on the back and to tell us how generous we are how nice we are. So if we fight our desires and overcome that, and begin to give only for the sake of Allah, and give in such ways that we don't even know nobody knows how much we have given for the sake of Allah, that is a very powerful deed. The fourth type of person who will be under the shade of Allah, on the day of judgment, is someone whose heart is attached to the masjid.

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What do you mean by the heart is attached to the masjid. We mean such a person who wants to be in the masjid all the time, he or she loves the masjid. The Masjid is the home. The Masjid is the place where they go to to find peace. The Masjid is where they go to to make dua, and to be close to Allah when they finish the Salah. And they come out of the masjid their mind is on when do I go back because I want to go back. This is difficult to get to, for most of us go into the machine is going to the machine is something we drag our feet about. So if one can reach a stage where you love the machine so much that you will don't want to be anywhere else. That is enough to earn one the

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pleasure of Allah on the Day of Judgment. So that's the fourth type of person. The fourth type of person who will be under the shade of Allah thrown on the Day of Judgment is somebody who resisted the temptation of Xena from someone who is beautiful and famous.

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Meaning that if someone had the opportunity to commit the sin of Xena with someone who they really liked, or someone who was really beautiful, but they did not do it solely out of fear of Allah, then that is enough to get a person

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to be in the good books of Allah subhanho wa Taala the day of judgment because that is one of the most difficult since for any human to avoid. To be in that situation. And to say no, is really a sign of taqwa.

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The next person who is under the shade of Allah stone on the Day of Judgment is someone who when they are alone, they cry out of the fear of Allah.

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And this is truly a test to see who has real taqwa. Because it's very easy. It is very easy for any of us to be pious and to be righteous and to be good in front of others. Right? That's something normal. That's something easy for all of us. We can

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you know, we're Islamic clothing public and go to the masjid and at all pious, but when we are alone, alone in our house, alone in our room, and there's nobody around except us. What do we think about them? What do we do that? If someone in that state, when they're all alone, is crying out to the field of law, that is the highest level of taqwa that a person can reach that is a true sign of a man. And that attribute of a person will earn him the pleasure of Allah and the shade of the throne on the Day of Judgment. And the final type of person who will be under the shade of Allah thrown on the Day of Judgment are people who were friends with each other solely for the sake of

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Allah. Now, this is something

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which many of us don't understand or are not familiar with? What does it mean? To be friends for the sake of Allah.

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It means that two people vet each other and know each other only for one purpose, that you are a Muslim and I'm a Muslim, and that's enough for us to be friends. They're not friends for any other reason. So inshallah we'll continue explaining this hadith after the final break. Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. We are looking today at verse number three of surah, Fatiha Malik Yomi Deen, Master of the Day of Judgment. And we spoke today about a few things about the Day of Judgment, very few. Because the topic of the day of judgment is so deep and so large in Islam, that entire volumes can be written about it. We could speak for literally 3040 hours about the Day of

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Judgment. But we just took a glimpse at it today because that is what verse three of Saraswati is about the entire versity of savatya, which is just three words, Master of the Day of Judgment, indicates everything that we spoke about today. The end of judgment, Allah will be in power, Allah will have authority over everyone, every creature will be accountable to Allah, there will be complete justice, the we will see the mercy of Allah manifest, we will see paradise and hell, people will be facing the horrors of the Day of Judgment except for the righteous. And then we spoke Finally, about the qualities of those people who will be closest to Allah on the Day of Judgment. We

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said that there are seven types of people who on the day of judgment will be under the shade of Allah stone, they will not have to face all of these horrors. It is our duty as Muslims if we want to be safe, because we all will face this day to try and fall into at least one of these categories. At least one being adjust ruler. Avoiding Zina, which we know in the current world is very difficult. But that can save you on the Day of Judgment. That could be your ticket to gender. being righteous while young, again in the modern world extremely difficult. But that can be your ticket to gender.

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doing charity in secret. It's very tempting to tell people about your charity, but this is something which can save you.

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And crying out of fear of Allah when you are alone.

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Try to build up our taqwa to that level. And to have our hearts attached to the masjid. And finally, I was going to explain this last point in a bit more detail. For two people to love each other only for the sake of Allah.

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This means that if you have a friend, and the only reason you and that person are friends, is because you're both love Allah. Because you are both Muslims. You're not these friends, because you want his money. You're not his friend, because he's the person in power or authority or because he's famous. You are not his friend, because you can use him for something, oh, you're not even if it's none of that you're not his friend, because you'll have the same sports in common, or because you'll have the same likes and dislikes. That's permissible. But that's not rewarding. The friendship which is rewarding, and which especially which is unique, and which is very hard to find in this world is

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where two people love each other, for no other reason, except Allah, you met someone. And you might not have anything in common, besides the fact that you are both practicing Muslims, but just the fact that that person is a practicing Muslim, that is enough reason for you to love him or her. That is the special love which earns a person the shade of Allah, on the day of judgment and a special place in paradise. There are many, many Hadees talking about the virtues of loving for the sake of Allah, it is something extremely rare. It is something really difficult to gain. But it is something beautiful, beautiful in both worlds in this world is beautiful because you have a genuine friendship

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and love the likes of which you will not experience the other any other type of friendship and in the afterlife.

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It will be a means of saving both of you from the Hellfire because on that day we are going to run away from our friends in Turkey except for the righteous. The righteous will be there with each other going to paradise together. So this is a brief glimpse at the Day of Judgment.

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And what it means about Allah being the Master of the Day of Judgment. When we recite these three words, Molly kiyomi Dean in our Salah every day, we should think about all of these things. These are the thoughts that we should be going through our head in our Salah. We should not be thinking about our business. We should not be thinking about what we need to do next to me go home. We should definitely not be thinking about our TV programs that we're going to watch. We should be thinking about the verse we are reading molokhia Media most of the Day of Judgment

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You should be thinking about what we have prepared for it. Like to end off with one last Hadees

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we are Bedouin Arab came to the prophet of Islam and told him and asked him, when will the Day of Judgment occur? What did you ask him? When will the Day of Judgment occur? And the prophets lawyer somebody replied with a question, the professor's have replied and asked him, What have you prepared for it?

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Meaning it doesn't matter when the day would happen. It doesn't matter when the Day of Judgment is going to occur. What matters is that we are preparing for it that we are doing what we need to do that when deal judgment happens, we are ready to meet Allah and His pleasure. So with that, inshallah I will close off for today. Next week we will look at verse number four. With that I would like to end with the words and the question of Rasulullah Islam to that hobby and by extension to each and every one of us. What have you prepared for the day? walk in the door wider? Anil hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa salam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh