Summary of Surah Al-Fatiha
Channel: Ismail Kamdar
File Size: 8.77MB
Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh
al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam O Allah Muhammad Rasulullah was an early he was heavy Ahjumma in. We begin by creating a Lhasa Hana with the Allah, asking Allah to send his peace and blessings upon the final prophet, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and all those who follow his way with righteousness until the last day like to welcome you all to the first tafsir for the month of Ramadan, Ramadan Mubarak to each and every one of you, where today inshallah we are going to look at the scene of Surah Al Fatiha the opening chapter of the Quran.
Surah alvernia is not just the opening chapter of the Quran, it is also the greatest surah in the Quran as is mentioned in many Hadees it is the most repeated surah in the Quran, as is mentioned in the Quran itself, because we recite Surah Al Fatiha in every Raka of every Sala.
Have you ever asked yourself why? Why do we have to recite this specific surah in every rakah of every solar that we pray
even if you just look at the photo, the obligatory Salah that's a minimum of 17 times a day that we resize to refer to
Surah Al Fatah is also known by other names will Quran the essence of the Quran, the summary of the Quran, a Shiva, the surah that can cure you of spiritual ailments. So it's a very important tool for us to understand and today very briefly I'm going to give you a summary of what Surah Al Fatiha is all about. Let's start with the theme of Surah Al Fatiha Surah Al Fatiha is divided into two parts. The first four verses focus on the theme of towhead three verses explaining to us who is Allah and the fourth verse explained to us what our relationship with Allah should be the remaining three verses of the surah move on to a nother theme which is a do our for guidance. And for protection
from misguidance. The surah as a whole is considered a TA. It wasn't a module zero. Allah had mentioned that the names of Allah and our relationship with Allah that is mentioned in the first half of the surah is actually a wartsila it's actually a means to which they do are in the second half of the surah is answered. And we see this in the Hadees the hydrosol could see that is found in the field even KOSIR. Allah Subhana Allah says that when you see al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen he responds and to each line he responds until after the first four verses Allah subhanaw taala responses asked me for whatever you want, I will give it to you. And that is when you make the do
up. So we see we see the relationship between the two here that is mentioned in the first four verses and they do offer guidance that is mentioned in the remaining three verses. So
this is what the theme of the surah is the two the two things that the Quran is all about. The Quran is the book of guidance, and is there to teach us about a loss of Hannah with Allah about towhead and surah. Al Fatiha is a summary of these two themes. Let's take a look very briefly at the theme of tawheed as it is covered in Surah Al Fatiha.
Sure Al Fatiha begins by telling us that Allah subhanho wa Taala is horrible Allah mean the law of the universe, the Lord of the universe. robber means Allah is the one who creates controls, nourishes, provides for and maintains the entire universe. Nothing happens except by his Well, nothing or good except that he knows it. He's in control. He's the provider. He's the Sustainer he is all of that. Through this one sentence, Allah Rabbul aalameen we get a comprehensive picture of a large of a hammer that has complete control over the entire universe. Then Allah subhanaw taala reminds us to two different names that He is the Most Merciful. Or Rahman and Rahim Allah is
referring to Allah's mercy for all of creation, and are Rahim referring to his specific mercy for the believers that Allah subhanho wa Taala is the most merciful to everybody. But, but
that mercy in this life everyone has it but in the afterlife it has to be earned. And that takes us to verse number three, in which Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us that he is Molly kiyomi Dean. He is the Master of the Day of Judgment.
So we are accountable to Allah, we all have to answer to Allah on the last day for how we lived our lives. And only those people who try to live their lives according to the guidance of Allah subhanho wa Taala, only D will be able to achieve or to gain the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala and the afterlife. And so even though Allah is telling us His most merciful, at the same time, he's telling us to obey him. He's telling us that we are accountable to him as well. So this creates a balance between hope in his mercy and fear of his punishment. And in order to be a true believer, we must have a balance between those two concepts. So after this description of who Allah is, he controls
everything and he is most merciful, but we are accountable to him on the last day for how we live our lives.
After all of that, Allah subhanho wa Taala then describes our relationship, the ideal relationship between any human being and Allah subhanho wa Taala, which is you alone, we worship and You alone, we ask for help, that we testify that we will worship Allah alone, and there is no one else that we will call upon for divine assistance besides Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so what this Torah is teaching us is that we must acknowledge who Allah is believing in Him as He has revealed in all of his names and attributes. But more than that, we must worship a lot alone, we must fulfill
the command of doing a bother to Allah Allah. If we do all of this, then we become worthy of having our do I answered, and the dua that we are taught to make in the very next verse is the single most important to our in our lives. And they are that we repeat most often, even though most of us don't realize we are making up and that is the dua for guidance. The do are for guidance, it had enough furor Paula musta been Guide us to the straight path.
It does not matter who you are, how pious you think you are, how strong you think your understanding of Islam is, every single human being is always in constant need of the guidance of Allah subhanho wa Taala. All of us have challenges all of us have misunderstandings. All of us have areas where we lack knowledge, all of us have knifes and desires that lead us astray. And so we are all in need of Allah guidance every day, and showing every rock of every Salah we are not just supposed to be reciting Surah Fatiha, but we are supposed to be praying to Allah for his guidance.
Finally, the surah ends with a warning about the two parts of misguidance that they are those who have earned a lot of anger and those who have gone astray. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gives the example of the Jews and the Christians of his time. Why? Because the Jews of his time knew that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam was a true prophet, but they still rejected faith in Him, while the Christians sincerely had the wrong beliefs. And so, from these two examples, we see two different ways in which people go off the straight path. Firstly, are those who earn less anger. These are the ones who know what the straight part is. They know what the truth is, they know
what the true religion is, but they still choose the wrong part. And then there are those people who are misguided dorlin they honestly believe that what they believe is the truth, even though it is falsehood.
And these two parts, one is a part of knowledge with arrogance, but the other is a part of ignorance. And both of them lead people astray. These only seeking knowledge with sincerity and humility that lead people towards guidance. So this is a summary of Surah pottier hope that you benefited from this inshallah in the next video, we will look at a brief summary of some of the lessons that we can take from the longest tour of the Quran, which is Surah Al Baqarah.