Sciences of the Quran 11/16
Channel: Isam Rajab
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Santa Monica no longer a cattle Welcome to the class of sciences of the Quran. Today inshallah we will discuss the description of the hypocrites that Allah subhanaw taala has mentioned in the Quran
we said that instead of the bacara the description of the hypocrites is mentioned in 13
from a number eight until I a number 20 after Allah subhanho wa Taala has mentioned the characteristics of the hypocrites, Allah subhanaw taala moved to give an example for them.
And he gave two examples. The first example is Anya number 17 methylome QMF le Lady stoccata. Now philomela Allah, Allah who they have a lot of be naughty him with Erica home field chromatin label serum. Their likeness is as the likeness of one who Kindle a fire. Then when it lightened all around him, a lot took away their light and left them in darkness so they could not see.
This is the first example some Bookman onion foam layer john is number 18. They are deaf, dumb, and blind. So they return not to the right path.
Now, why would Allah subhanaw taala give an example for the hypocrites.
They didn't Allah subhanaw taala already cautioned the Muslims that they try to deceive Allah and the believers,
they perceive not they make fun of the believers they lie
wasn't that enough?
That's the beauty of the Quran. First, there are descriptions mentioned. And now this is an example. Because people Allah is giving the example of the fire. So, in this case, whenever you have a fire, you can remember that example
methylome methylene ladies toccata narrow, what is this example?
Imagine someone in a very dark place
and he kindled the fire.
The purpose is to see the light.
So, you walk as long as you have light, once you lost your life, what will happen?
It becomes dark, not only that, you are in the middle now, you cannot go back and you cannot move forward.
You are in this situation as the last one that I mention? deaf, dumb, and blind. Now these are descriptions. These are the characteristics of whom?
The hypocrites Now does that mean whenever we see someone who's deaf or blind, he's a hypocrite.
No, they're not the meaning. What do we learn from this?
What do we learn?
Can you tell me? Yes?
Yes, so the blindness here is not physical blindness, but rather it's blindness from the Ayat of Allah subhanaw taala. What else?
blindness from guidance. That's true.
They had the guidance and they lost it. What's the guidance here in the eye?
What is it? It's not mentioned in the ayah? The light Exactly. So the light is similar to what? The guidance the Islam, that's the light. So they lost it. They got it, but what happened?
They lost it. What do you learn from this?
A man comes and goes very good. That's true. What else? They received the guidance. Did they keep it? So not anyone who receives the guidance? He will keep it.
You need to remember that what else?
The dominancy. What What's the meaning of them
in ability to understand or not hearing.
But they think yes.
In arrogance, well in this particular word word, the words they are against mentioned. In general, that's true. They are arrogant. We mentioned that earlier.
that's true Allah guides whom He wills. But again, there is one important factor. If you refuse to get the guidance, do not expect the guidance to be instilled in your heart. Do not blame people do not blame Allah subhana wa Taala. Or if Allah wanted to guide me, he would have guided me. It's you who refused the guidance.
The man is light.
in your life, the man is light, it shows you the straight path. The more you keep the man the stronger you are, the more likely you will have in this life and in the Hereafter. So again, we learn from this the greatness and eloquence of the Quran when it gave this example.
Fire, light stands for guidance for Islam.
Darkness stands for Cofer.
Now when Allah says someone will come along from Nigeria, and they turn, they do not turn to the straight path. What does that tell you?
It's very difficult for the hypocrite to become pure believer.
Because he already had the guidance and he rejected it. So now to have it again, it is really difficult. So try to avoid sinning. Do not say, one day I performed Hajj one day, I did a good deed. So that's enough for me, you don't know. Maybe you will not be able to go back to that good rank.
These physical examples are useful for us.
What Allah mentioned earlier about the hypocrites when they are told to believe and they say we believe these are things that are not tangible, you don't see them.
You see, you see the reflection of the but this example is physical. You could see it. Don't tell me. I believe all of you. You saw the fire one day right?
Don't tell me you never saw the fire. You never saw the light. Now we have lots of lights. So always you relate this to, to the hypocrites. Again, that's the beauty of the Quran.
We learn from this that even the hypocrites they could be touched by the man.
Why? Because they benefited.
the hypocrites they want to show the people that they are with them. So they go and they pray. Maybe while they are doing something good, maybe they it will affect them.
But it's not enough for them to be guided fully.
Now after that, Allah mention
Allah mentioned another example.
This example is the opposite of the previous example. The previous example was talking about what
they are both about the hypocrites. The first example is the example of what
example of what
the first example was talking about, what
about water about life about fire? Now what about this example? The second example or like a rain storm?
So we have what?
At the beginning we had fire. Now we have what?
two opposite things, yet they are talking about what?
The hypocrites the same thing. That's the beauty of the Quran again, you taste these meanings when you read the Quran. That's the eloquence of the Quran. Allah gave you one example about the fire, talking about the hypocrites. Another opposite example from the rainstorm yet it's still about the hypocrites again, that's the beauty of the Quran
are like rainstorm from the sky. Were in his darkness, thunder and lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunderclap for fear of death. But Allah ever encompasses the disbelievers.
okasada you've been mean a semi Viola Martin
aluna sabia if he had any minute so I have that amount for lahoma Hey Tom, Bill caffrey. What do you understand from this?
How can we learn also some lessons from this is similar to the previous i.
Now we said the guidance and the previous example was what
Light the fire here, what is the what is the guidance?
The light, the Thunder, Thunder, what happens to the disbelievers to the hypocrites?
They get scared. And we said one of the characteristics of the hypocrites that they are cowards, they are fearful always they fear death. What else? What happens when this thunderstorm happens? What do they do? They put their fingers in their ears. Why?
hear the thunder? What's the thunder here in this example, the guidance so they don't want to be guided. So if you don't want to be guided,
and that's exactly what the hypocrites did. Yes.
Exactly. They're stubborn, because they are invited once.
twice, three times, always they are invited. Believe, do we believe like the fools? That's what was the response? So they are arrogant, they are stubborn. What else?
They don't want to hear the punishment after death. Good.
Look at the last clause of the eye.
Remember, always no matter what the disbelievers do,
if we are true believers, they cannot harm us. Why Allah is always on top of everything. Allah is always in control. Remember that?
No matter whatever they tried to do, at the time of the messenger, Selim, they tried to harm the believers, they made fun of them, they mocked at them, they try to assassinate the messengers or sell them eventually, they could not do anything. Yes, they may harm the believers for some time, they may cause some trouble. But at the end, you need the support remember that Allah subhanaw taala is supporting.
So there are many lessons in this ayah now we're moving to another important topic
which is the batter and it is in the book from page 150 until 169 it is Aya 21.
The significance of this ayah is that it included the first command in the Quran. What's the first command in the Quran?
When you open the Quran, the first page you will find the
what's the first command in the Quran? Yes.
Yes, very good. Yeah, you harness Buddha calm that's the first command. That's the first order came in the Quran. Yeah, you have
one Latina man commonly called Allah
or people worship You, Lord, who created you and those before you that you may have piety.
Now, this surah Is it the meccan surah or Medina surah.
What did you say Baba? Medina or maka?
Exactly. Because Allah mentioned the mafia King. Yes, their name is not mentioned but that's their description. The nature of the Medina and ayah is to talk to everybody or to the believers.
to the believers, I live in harmony with Antonella Salah Latina. alaikum it's always about the believers here. It says our people,
There is no contradiction. Again, as we said these are in general. These are the characteristics but sometimes there are exceptions. In the exam I asked you pull out all the Gerbil Falak is it Medina? Norma Can I
pull out the Gerbil? Falak
lets me hear the didn't you answer?
Mecca or Medina? McCann. Why? It is seeking refuge with ALLAH it's about what the hate and is it short or long phrase? Short what it is Medina.
Why because it was revealed after the prophet SAW Selim was inflicted with magic by Levy, the blossom the Jewish man. in Medina. The story is famous. It's in silent Bukhari. So it is Medina. Again, there are some exceptions. Some scholars said this ayah in particular, it's mechanized, because the nature of the mechanized is to talk about to talk to everybody. But still there is no contradiction. It could be Medina and I
or people worship your Lord
who created you
Allah is telling you, the one who created you. He is the one who deserves to be worshipped.
Allah is telling you, in order to tell the others to worship Allah remind them of the favors. And one of the greatest favors is creation. Who created you, the one who created you he deserves to be worshipped.
Allah did not only create you but he created those before you assign of the greatness of Allah subhanaw taala. You may have piety
what's the outcome of a bad?
What do you get by better?
As an agenda in this ayah what do you get?
piety? Right? You may get attained piety. That's the only thing you'll get by the better.
What do you get from a bad?
From Hellfire from the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala.
That's the only thing.
There are students I asked them, that was the homework. the merits of a bad mentioned 50 different things that you will get by very bad.
health, physical health or
both. Strength doesn't give you strength,
spiritual strength and physical strength or only spiritual strength.
How? How it gives you physical strength.
You stay hungry when you're staying hungry. Are you weaker or stronger?
patients but patients again, is it physical or spiritual? This is something something psychological, but physical,
physical, your immune system is much much stronger when you are fasting. Not only fasting
by saying is still far, do you know that when you sick stay far from Allah subhanaw taala you will become stronger in your body.
Why don't we start fedorova come from matobo la
where is it come quwata illa COVID he increases you in your strength.
That's what he told his people.
That's what the messenger Sallam told Fatima and Ellie of their loved one.
When they came asking for a servant, and he told them Don't you want something better than a servant once you lay down, you want to sleep? Say Subhanallah 33 times Alhamdulillah 33 times Allahu Akbar 34 times that's better for you than a server.
How it's better physically. It gives you strength.
There are many advantages of the better. So again, I need you to think of what you will get by doing the bad don't make it a homework. If you don't get at least 2030 different things, it will become homework. Students are asked to give 50 different things.
I have 150 things that you will get by the iPad.
Now Allah subhanho wa Taala he reminded the people that it's not enough to say
He is the Creator. Because that's what the kuffaar of mcedit if you ask them who created them, they would say Allah. So if you admit that Allah subhanaw taala is your Creator, you have to worship Him. So that the hate of worship, which we call the hidden value here
is the result of the hydrophobia the hate the floor chip, when you admit that Allah is your Creator, He is the Lord. This entails worshiping Him alone. So they are both connected to each other to hydrophobia, and to Hello here. One of them is not enough without the other. You cannot say yes, Allah has created me but I could worship someone else. You cannot do that since you admitted that he's the one who worshipped you. He's the one who created it. You have to worship Him.
Other favors that Allah subhanaw taala has given us and let the jalila come out of Murphy Russia,
who has made the earth a resting place for you
how the earth is a resting place. Eros literally in Arabic means bed. It's like a bit
unnatural out of me had
Imagine if the earth is not
what will happen?
Imagine if the moment you walk, your foot touches the air
it boys because of the heat, what will happen? All these are blessings from Allah subhanaw taala that we need to thank him for.
Imagine if you cannot drive.
There are places where there are valleys and mountains. Imagine if the entire Earth is only mountains and valleys. If it's only five miles distance, it will take from you hours to reach there. Why? Because the earth is not
straight. It's not accessible, to walk on
to run to drive drive. This is Nana from Allah subhanaw taala that people are not thinking of because they are used to. They think that if something is repeated automatically, that means it's for granted. It's not one day, an earthquake happens.
And everything is destroyed. What can you do? And it's happened it's already happened many places.
or they try to ignore.
They are not worried. They think that everything is his grant. It's not. So this is an AMA from Allah subhanaw taala
and the sky as a canopy and sent down water from the sky and brought forth there with fruits as provision for you. What is significant about this, sending the rain, bringing the fruit
it's a reminder.
But what's the big deal again? about it?
You don't have it.
The interesting thing about the plants of the earth
Do we have different water.
So we get apple and different water we get orange or it's the same water. It's the same water, how we have these different types of fruits
Who made it?
Allah subhanaw taala. But again, people don't think
this is Namah from Allah subhanaw taala. You Scobie mountain wide.
It's watered by one type of of water. Yet you have many types of provision many types of food. So this is
remember one day maybe you will lose it. So be grateful, acknowledge these blessings. How? Not only by saying this, you have to say Alhamdulillah but you have also to worship Allah subhanaw taala that's the most important thing you should do.
Then do not set up rivals fell at the January lay on to Allah in worship while you know, fell at the January lay and then what anthem telemon. Now here's the thing.
Do not set the privates onto a line worship while you know. Does that mean? If you don't know it is permissible to set up rivals.
Because Allah says while you know, what if you don't know?
Is it permissible?
Yeah, don't set up rivals, do not associate any partner with the law while you know that He is the Creator while he is the provider. Does that mean if you did not know that Allah is the provider, you can worship another god.
It's in the nature.
So what's the use of mentioning while you know
from their hearts
they knew the truth. So if they did not know the truth, it is permissible to worship another gun. That's my question because Allah is telling do not set up rivals while you know. That means if you don't know go ahead set up rifles. If someone came and said that's what I understand. What do you tell
the good and the bad? And then when you
do the bad
Yes, a lot
is telling you how worse is the case of the disbelievers. They know that Allah has created them yet. They set up rifles with him.
That does not mean even if you don't know you're allowed to but that means you already know. Even if you don't know you don't have the right. How about if you know
just like when Allah says about Riba do not eat up, usually interest
multiplied time after time. Does that mean if it's one time multiplied, is it permissible? No, but Allah is telling you how horrible is this when you eat like you You pay 100 and you get 300 twice the amount that you paid or you gave.
So it is the same.
Then we move to another issue which is very important.
When quantum Ferriby Madison Allah, Bettina first to be sold at Mifflin what the upcoming dunlea Incoterms auditing for inlanta fallu will enter fallu coonara let you know what ijarah is that they can fit in.
And if you are in doubt, concerning that which we have sent down to our servant, then produce a surah the lack thereof and call upon your witnesses, if you are truthful. But if you do, do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the fire, whose fuel is men and stones prepared for the disbelievers.
First Allah reminded us with
with the blessings with the favors, now Allah is
is doing what here in this ayah
challenging, cautioning, threatening, that's the balance of the Quran. There is always promise and there is always threat. There is reward and there is punishment, there is paradise and there is hellfire.
That's the way it works. You cannot rely only on punishment, people will be pessimistic.
Do not rely only on
reward. People will
tend to forget the punishment, you have always to be balanced. That's how the Quran. Now write in Arabic is not only that check is different. We could translate it to doubt. Right? Is that with fear?
That's why again, the problem with translation when quantum fear I mean, because the kuffar they have doubt and they have fear as well. Many times you want to talk don't talk to us. They don't want to hear about the hereafter. They don't want to hear about the punishment. They want to take matters easy. It's not easy, it is serious. You they are in doubt with fear. We're in quantum theory when we manna Santa Allah Edina, we have sent down to our servant who's our servant, who's meant here with this I,
the prophet SAW Selim, why didn't Allah say to our messenger,
his Abbot, that's true. That's the most honored position for human being, to be a servant of Allah subhanaw taala.
Allah mentioned the prophet SAW Selim in the best positions with that word Subhana. Allah the Astra we have the Exalted is He Who, who took his servant in the night in a journey. He did not say who took his messenger, but took his servants of Han Allah the Sri Brd or Buddha slavery to Allah Subhana Allah is the highest that you could get. So this is a blessing from Allah subhanaw taala to the messenger sizer, ourselves, again, have dinner, his hours. So again the love of Allah subhanaw taala to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
then produce a surah.
Now this is not the first step of the challenge. The challenge went through several steps. The first step they were asked to produce the entire Quran.
And they were unable, a lot of them even if given all the jinn and mankind gathered together in order to produce the life of the Quran, they won't be able, then 10 Sutras, then one surah
and they could not one sutra
if you cannot, you have to admit that it's not from him, it is from Allah subhana wa tada
and call upon your witnesses, if you are truthful. But if you don't do it not, and you can never do it. Again. This is the challenge you can never do it. Lets people come and say we were able to do it. If they did it. That means this is wrong. They could refute the entire Quran. And this is a miracle by itself. They will never be able to do it.
who tried once to do it is called
delay for the end of the life forever, because everybody knew that he was a liar.
He had a few servers and he thought that he could be able to
to make up few servers like that. One sample of last of the last one he came to Salem, before he becomes a Muslim. And Muslim asked him what was revealed to Mohammed. So out of law, so the law he told him today, there was a fluent eloquent surah was revealed, while offering an incentive because the Latina Aminu, I'm sorry, hard to tell, so we'll have to also be sovereign. So Mozilla told him even me, I there is something was sent down to me.
And he made up a few words, funny words, stupid words.
And I'm gonna blast off him by Allah, you know, that I know that you are a liar. He did not tell him That's a lie. He told him you already know that. I know you are a liar.
Nobody could produce the lack of the Quran. There are many Arabs who are not Muslims. And they admit that the level of the Quran the eloquence of the Quran is really high. impeccable, you cannot even reach close to it.
Yes, that's true.
Yeah, every time. The athletes they always break the records, they anything except the miracles, because it's not from them. It's from Allah subhanaw taala. So here Allah says, but if you do not know, if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the fire.
What is this fire, the fire, a specific fire, the fire
whose fuel is meant. So its fuel is not gas, gasoline. It's not oil. The fuel of the fire is men and stones.
So you have to be fearful.
All the fire all the heat that we have in this life? It's one
portion of 70 portions.
The Hellfire in the Hereafter is 70 times
higher than the fire in this life.
If it's the same, it should be enough.
How about if it's 70 times higher? The prophet SAW Selim was sitting with the companions
and they hear
a sound of rock and they told them this rock reached the bedrock of hellfire.
It was thrown 70 years ago. And now it reached the bedrock of Hellfire, how deep it is.
It was kindled 1000 years until it became red.
Another 1000 years until it became
white. And then 1000 years until it became black dark.
3000 years the Hellfire is burning.
It is serious.
That's why Allah said prepared.
It's already prepared. It's already there. What do you learn from this?
It's there. It's real. Don't think it is a joke. It's prepared. So
the only thing between you and Hellfire is disobeying Allah subhanaw taala. So don't do it. Again, that's the eloquence of the Quran. If you wanted to threaten someone, I will do but if you already did, they will be fearful.
If you threaten your child,
and you tell him Don't do it, I will. But if he sees that you are serious, you will not do it. So Allah subhanaw taala is reminding us that Hellfire is real, it's already there. It is prepared.
So it's not a joke.
And of course the Hellfire is everlasting. As Allah subhanaw taala said
they are abiding there forever. It's their dwelling forever.
And it is there.
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Give glad tidings to those who believe. Again, remember the balance, punishment, reward, reward punishment. It's always like that.
And the righteous good deeds that for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow.
The rivers of Paradise, they don't have tunnels to go through.
Unlike the rivers in this life, you have death. in Paradise, they don't have backs, edges, they are just flowing. This is something amazing. That's why Paradise is not like any, anything you could imagine. Oh.
Allah says Rashida Latina Amano, believe and do righteous good deeds always believed and do righteous good deeds. It's not only belief, it's not only wishes, you have to do something, you want the reward, you work for it, you want the price, you do something.
There will be Gardens under which rivers flow, every time they will be provided with fruit they're from, they will say this is what we were provided with before.
This has two meanings, whether they will compare it to what they were given in this life. So we have apples here. And in Paradise, there will be apples. It's the same name, the same shape, but the taste is, is different. You can't even compare it
to the apples. Also scholars said in the hereafter like bananas, oranges, they don't have
covers, you don't need to peel off anything. Because these covers for protection from bacteria from in the hereafter. There is nothing like that is so pure, that it doesn't need any cover.
Any cross it's open, it's ready for eating.
So that's the fruit of the hereafter the other meaning that even there when you are given when you're provided with these fruits, the next time you will get it the same, but it tastes better.
So you are always in continuous happiness.
And they will be given things in resemblance That's the meaning again and resemblance is it the same like in here in this life, the name is the same but the test is different or it is there in resemblance but every time it's greater, and they shall have their own purified spouses, purified spouses purified from everything,
no defecating, no blood bleeding, no anything you could imagine impure, not even impure useless words harmful words pure
And they will abide there in forever.
You may be happy you are given this for two days, three days in Paradise, it is forever. That's by itself is enough. Even if you are given a little but it is forever.
It should be enough yet you will be given all these things. But this will conclude our session for today inshallah Hagia salatu salam ala Muhammad ah savage mine.
21 No, I did not say the first time was revealed we already said it's
the first command you will find in the Quran is
a cop first.