Refining the Self – 6
Channel: Isam Rajab
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Similar man Mohammed hamdulillah salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah Subhan Allah subhanho wa Taala barakato Welcome to the Tafseer class. Today inshallah we'll continue talking about the children of Israel, we reach the 83 from Surah Al Baqarah.
Allah subhanho wa Taala here says, and remember when we took a covenant from the children of Israel, what if, what if in Arabic What if always implies a word What?
And remember, when we took a covenant from the children of Israel, worship none but Allah, and be dutiful and good to parents with a hudna mitaka Bani Israel, la buena Illallah, WA Valley, Dania, Santa, and to kindled and to orphans and the poor, and speak good to people, and perform salah and gives a cap, then, you slip back, except a few of you, while you are, you are back, sliders.
This I mentioned several things that were taken from the children of Israel. Now Allah subhanaw taala. repeatedly said, we have namita, calm. And remember when we took your covenant, what's the covenant that was taken from the children of Israel,
there are many, this is one of them. And in this one, it includes also several things The first thing, worship none but Allah, worshiping Allah alone, be beautiful to the parents. Now, this gives you this significance of being dutiful to your parents, because it came right after worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala.
It came even before establishing prayer. So this tells you that it is very important to be kind and dutiful to your parents. So this is one covenant, worshiping none but Allah, being dutiful to your parents,
and to the orphans, and speak good to people. Now, this is a rule
not only for the children of Israel, but also for us, as Muslims.
Speak good to people. We're all in NASA husna. Now speak good.
In any case, at any time, regardless of your feelings, speak good to people. It doesn't tell you speak good to Muslims. It tells you speak good to people. Yes, this ayah originally
tells us about the children of Israel, but we are also commanded to follow these.
and perform salah and gives aka
now were the children of Israel commanded to pray.
We discussed that earlier. Right. We mentioned that where they commanded to pray. Yes. Is it the same prayer that we have?
It's different. It's not five times a day, because this happened in the trip of Islam marriage before that they had to pray, gives a car also they had to give the car but it's also different. Then you slip back, what does that tell you? Now remember, this is happening after they were saved from frown, after they worship the calf, after the miracle of the cow, where Allah subhanho wa Taala brought back that man to life
after the story of the cow, and now again, Allah subhanaw taala is mentioning this covenant, yet what happened to them did they listen, except a few of you, only few of them fulfilled this covenant.
So this is i 83. Now moving to I 84 and 85. And remember when we took your covenant saying again, this is another covenant, saying, should not the blood of your people
by the hardened me takaku Let us be kona demark.
Well out of region alpha sacrament Do not turn out your own people from their dwellings, then you ratified and you bore witness.
This is Aya 8485. After this film anthem,
her life doctrine and after this it is you who kill one another and drive out a party of you from their homes, assist their enemies against them in sin and transgression. And if they come to you as captives, you ransom them. Although their expulsion was forbidden to you. Then do you believe in a part of the book and reject the rest?
Okay, back again. The first covenant was to worship Allah alone. The second covenant was
To be dutiful to the parents, the third covenant to say good to people. This is in the previous ayah. In this ayah, what's the covenant here? was taken from them not to shed the blood right amongst themselves. Now, did they kill each other? The children of Israel? Did they kill each other?
Not the punishment that was commandments from Allah subhanaw taala.
As forgiveness, forgiveness that happened earlier. Now here, this implies that they used to kill each other, but we don't find in the history that the Jews they fought each other. So what
this is talking about what
should not the blood of your own people, not turn out your own people from their dwellings? Yes.
killing them by not helping the poor and then you know how when you you apply the second part of the covenant, nor turn out your own people? Did they turn out their own people from their dwellings?
Besides talking about what
now again, this is what's happening. They were commanded not to kill each other not to turn out any one of them from their dwellings. After this, it is you who kill one another, how and when, and drive out a party of you from their homes, assist their enemies, so did the Jews assist
their enemies against other parts of the Jews
in sin and transgression. And if they come to you as captives, you ransom them. Now this is what's happening. Allah subhanaw taala is reminding them that you were
promised, you promised not to kill each other, nor to drive them out of their homes of their dwellings.
But it is you who kill one another. And you are driving out people from their dwellings. But after the war is ended, after the war is over.
You ransom the captives, those people who you were killing. And if some of them were captured, they are captives. Now they are not killed. You ransom them. How could you do that? From the beginning killing them is forbidden.
Now, after they are captives, you ransom them while you fight them from the beginning. You see what's happening? The Jews are assisting another part against the Jews. And when the when they fight, and they went when they kill some Jews, and if they are victors, when the war is over, they come out and they say, Oh, those are from our religion. Those are the Jews. We have to run something. So they freed them. short time ago, they were killing them, and now they freed them. So Allah subhanaw taala is telling them Do you believe in part of the book and reject the rest? When this happened? This happened before Islam. in Medina, this happened in Medina Howe, who was living
allows and they'll have the Raj.
Alexander has Raj. Who else
Weren't there Jews in Medina, how many tribes of Jews? Three tribes. So we have five tribes in total, we have two from the Arab and three from the Jews. The Arab they used to fight each other. The Jews were extinguishing these wars. And when they are fighting the hazard, the house has allies from the Jews. They have two tribes with them, then you can not be held hostage they have no quarrel in their sight. So what happens the outside fighting the hazard? But no korova is fighting allows by no kind of carbon and they're fighting and hazard when they fight each other.
What happens the Jews are also fighting each other. While it is forbidden. After the war is over, they come and they say Oh those are our own people. So we have to ransom them. So Allah subhanaw taala is selling them from the beginning. You are commanded not to kill each other not to fight each other. But you broke your promise.
What do you learn from this? I
What do you learn from this?
What are the lessons?
Don't fight among yourselves. Okay, what else
if they didn't
From the beginning, they did not need to run something, because they would never fight them. So they will never be captured as captives. Okay, prisoners are for what else? Good.
So we could say, obeying Allah subhanaw taala will save us in this life. It's better for us in this life and thereafter.
Because if we if they did not fight, they will not have this problem. What else? Look at the last part of the eye.
Is it sufficient for someone to say I want to pray but I don't want to play soccer?
Is it sufficient to say that I asked for Mecca at to Surah that's enough for me. I don't want the remaining 20 sources of Medina. I can believe only an 82 source. That's blessing enough. Is that accepted?
Can you believe in part of the Sunnah of the messenger Salam and reject part of it?
Do we pick and choose in our religion? All these are lessons we learn from the last part of the
Islam the true Islam is the true submission. It's not according to our desires that we like so we will follow that we don't like so will not follow. It's not like that.
Then what's the recompense of those who do so among you accept this grace in this life of this world? And on the Day of Resurrection, they shall be consigned to the most grievous torment. Again, torment here it should be What
punishment because they deserve it. That's the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala. Okay, so, what will happen to those who pick and choose will try to do whatever they want, not whatever Allah wants
this grace in this world, in this life and in the Hereafter.
So to avoid this grace, obey Allah subhanaw taala fully, totally.
And the law is not unaware of what you do on a law feeling I'm not I'm alone.
Okay, this is i 84 and 85. Now, if I asked you to list for me, then things that were taken from the Jews from the children of Israel to do 10 covenants you have to be able to list them
Those are the who have bought the life of this world at the price of the hereafter. Will Aquila Dinesh trollhattan dunya will ashira fellow kafir phenomena double again their punishment shall not be lightened, nor shall they be helped.
What will happen to those people?
their punishment shall not be lightened, nor shall they be helped. That's one of the
characteristics of hellfire. It's unlike the fire of this life.
If there is something burning
for two days, then it will be lightened and it
it cools down. Hellfire does not cool down it is the same.
This is something different about hellfire. The next ayat, and indeed, we gave most of the book and followed him up with a succession of messengers welaka tenemos el kitaoka foenum embody Hebrew So
who are the messengers that they succeeded most Ali Salaam
who are the messengers?
They succeeded Musa.
I select Sarah who else I saw his messenger not messengers.
That would is that would the messenger or profit
according to the definition we defined in our data.
As an Mohammed Salim, that's why it is s to remind the Jews that those two messengers you did not believe in them. Isa and Mohammed, do the Jews believe in Isaiah. They don't believe in him. And they did not believe in the prophet SAW Selim. So this is an evidence against them. And we gave it so that's why he's mentioned here and we gave very sad the son of Miriam.
I think is Sabina Maruyama.
Clear science is in the unit.
Where are you now beautiful kudos and supported him with Rochelle kudos. What's the meaning here of Rahel kudos
gibreel la sala
de La Rochelle, Rebecca bihac who sends down the Quran
from Allah to the Messenger of Allah. Allah Allah, Allah who gave a Salah Salaam, the gospel
is it that whenever that came to you and messenger with what you yourselves desired, not you grew arrogant.
So that's the case with the Jews.
A messenger came with things against their desires. So what did they do? They disbelieved
some you disbelieved and some you kill
did they kill any messenger?
Yeah haben Zakaria
he's one he's not some wireless hunter I mentioned some again if you attempt to kill one messenger that means it is as if you kill them all. If you killed one, it is as if you killed them all.
And they say wha Paulo Paulo buena wolf. Our hearts are screened. What does that mean?
Nee Allah has cursed them for their disbelief
solely little is that which they believe.
in Arabic we say Bella Anna home. There is another word Kela Kela also translated as What?
Me in Arabic in the Quran. Every place in the Quran you find Kela they say it is Mexican or Mexican surah
but you cannot do this in English because name could be color and could be belt.
But in Arabic, the Quran any word has color. It is American or American surah
again, remember the levels of
the disobedience what happens to the heart? screen stamped locked?
sealed? Did you read lots of inkaterra Allah mentioned about them did you or didn't you?
At the beginning of selective locker I asked you to read because I will ask you about it in the exam inshallah.
So little is that which they believe
89 and when they're came to them, a Book from Allah, what is that book came to them.
And when they came to them a Book from Allah,
which book confirming what is with them, although a fourth time they had invoked Allah in order to give to gain victory over those who disbelieved.
While I'm Madame Kitab on Angela most of the Kalima home, Academy, obvious stuff tahona Allah Lavina cafaro
Phelan Naja, Amara fuka ferrovie falana to La la caffine.
Tell me, Ally's talking about what to book and when they're came to them a Book from Allah
confirming what is wisdom? So what's the book of Allah and confirms what what is with the book with the Jews?
What are you writing?
What are you writing? the ayah is already there in the book.
So Answer me.
What's the Quran? Where?
What's in what? Exactly? And when they came to them a book, you replace a book with what Quran? Quran came from the messenger assassin, confirming what is with them. What is with them?
The Torah, we cannot put him to the gospel of where they disbelieved in the Gospel as well. But
we have to put the Quran Why?
Because the next part of the ayah
although aforetime they had invoked a law in order to gain victory over those who disbelieved Who are those who disbelieve.
know Allah is telling the Jews you come came to them, a Book from Allah confirming what they have. And they used to invoke a law against those who disbelieved. The Jews used to invoke a law against those who disbelief so allies talking about what
they are exactly because they Medina, what happened before the
Time of the prophet SAW Selim what happened. What did the Jews tell the Arab, they used to threaten them? They used to tell them, we will slaughter you.
We will kill you.
How? By the support of the messenger that is coming and we believe in him. Once he came, they they believe they did not believe. So Allah is reminding them that you used to invoke Allah to give victory over those who disbelieved over the Arab. But what happened eventually the Arab became believers and the Jews became this believers. So you learn from this, that guidance is not only by words, it is from Allah subhanaw taala. Allah is the one who guides
then when there came to them, that which they had recognized. This is an evidence that they recognize the Quran, they recognize the messenger sallallahu sallam, they you know that his prophet from Allah, they disbelieved in it. So let the curse of Allah be on the disbelievers.
Did the Jews know that the prophet SAW Selim is a messenger?
Yes, they they believe in him.
What does that tell you? Knowledge only is it enough?
Oh, I know prayer is obligatory but you don't pray? What's the use?
What's the use?
scholars say that this is a reason to curse everyone who has the knowledge but he does not work according to it. It's very dangerous to have the knowledge but you don't apply it in your life.
The next day, how bad is that for which they have sold their own selves that they should disbelieve in that which Allah has revealed? rajic that Allah should reveal of His grace unto him, he will have his servants. So what was the reason? The main reason for the Jews to disbelief in the prophet SAW Selim?
What was the main reason for the Jews to disbelieve in the Messenger of Allah?
what do you call this?
alarming? Look at the
arrogance here in the eye according to this ayah
That was the reason why they said he is not from us. They envied the Arab.
They had the hatred he had to be from the children of Israel.
Again, we learned from this that Prophethood is not according to our desires. It's not according to your
qualifications they did. It is the choice from Allah subhanaw taala. Allah chooses whom He wills
so they have drawn on themselves wrath upon wrath. What is the wrath? And what's the second draft?
And for the disbelievers there is a disgracing punishment
what for the
What's the first draft and what's the second draft?
Okay, they disbelieved after knowing the zero that means it's one breath
but why it is wrath upon breath.
They did two things Yes.
When Allah what
okay when Allah is ruling did not please them they turned away. So this is one day.
They're covering the profits and attempt to kill them. Well, that's all Claus but we have two different things first, their disobedience to Allah subhanaw taala in all the things like they broke their covenants, they breached the covenant several times. So they earned the Wrath of Allah. And then the prophet SAW Selim came, they knew, but they disbelieved. So this is again another. Now if you don't know and you disbelief that's one that that's not an excuse, but when you know also and you disbelief after all what you did. So you deserve the wrath upon wrath.
Allah subhanaw taala
while I called the jackal, moose I will buy a Natty from mahatama hlm in body one to Bali moon. And indeed Moosa came to you with clear proofs yet you worship the calf after he left and you will wrongdoers why Allah mentioned this, they weren't allowed to mention this ayah earlier
about worshiping the calf and they repented.
Did Allah mention this or not? Why it is repeated here. What's the advantage? What's the lesson?
reminder of what?
So, okay, Allah reminded them that they disobeyed him.
Exactly. Allah wants from them that they have to believe in Mohammed Salah Salem. Remember, you worship the caf. After we give Moosa clear proofs. And you are wrongdoers, and you repented now you are doing the same thing. Mohammed Salim came with clear proofs that he is a messenger, yet you disbelieved in him.
That's the reason why it's mentioned again. So believe in the prophets ourselves.
What are we doing?
And remember, when we took your covenant, and we raised above us amount again, this is another covenant life mitaka Kumara Fina for kakimoto Houma attina The coverting was now
and remember when we took your covenant and we raised above you the mount which mount
a tour. Exactly.
Where can we find this in another place in the Quran?
What is Natasha knowledgeable so calm can know Bula pavano, and
this is in Surah Al are off
last four pages of Surah talara.
What is the doctrinal Geobella FOCA home can novela you know the ruler like the shade, the mount itself was was taken
and it was raised over them so you could look at it like that.
Why Allah did this?
Because again, they were disobedient.
And the Lord wanted to remind them what will happen if the mount was left? Allah did not hold it what will happen? It will crush them.
So what does Allah say hold firmly. That's the covenant hold firmly to what we have given you and hear what they were given
the Torah, the commandments, they said What did they say? We have here and
this obey exactly call or submit now signer
so they knew yet they disbelieved.
That's why they earned the Wrath of Allah subhanaw taala they knew yet they this minute What does that tell you? After all these things, yet they still disbelief
and their hearts absorbed the calf because of their disbelief will surely move the Apollo beam allegedly because for him, what does that mean? And their hearts absorbed the calf?
What's the highest level of love?
When this love is mixed with your heart, you cannot take it out. You cannot take the love without taking the heart itself.
Just like if you have a colored cloth. This is why if you put one color and then you cannot extract that color
unless you tear the entire garment.
So the same thing, Allah is telling us the level of the code for the rich will oshri buffo lobengula Angela Becca from this is the highest level they reach the highest level of disbelief. Well, she will feel Nigella buccafurri
say worst indeed is that which your faith enjoins on you if you are believers could be some Mortal Kombat a manga Comic Con two minutes so Allah subhanaw taala is reminding them, what is the man that you are saying? That's the man it commands you to disbelieve in Allah subhana wa Taala to worship the calf, to disbelieve in the Prophet sallallahu wasallam worse is it indeed.
So this is very eloquent die and their hearts absorb the calf.
That's what will happen when someone
loves to do something he cannot abandon. It's impossible.
It's the highest level of love.
say, if the above of the hereafter with Allah is in need for you especially, and not for those for others of mankind.
Then long for this if you are truthful, this is a challenge from Allah subhanaw taala to the Jews, because what did you say?
We'll call it to do one Asana up now.
The Jews and the children they said we are the children of Allah, and the most beloved ones to him.
So Allah is telling the Jews, Paul in Canada, welcome Darla de la Holly Sokka Mundo Nina's fundamental mode, if you say the Hereafter is only for you, especially the long for this,
why they should learn for this.
If what they are saying is true,
because this life, it's not only for them, there are Jews, there are Christians, there are Muslims, there are atheists, there are lots of people. But when you know that, you will get something only for you.
You will learn for it, you wish to get it quickly, as soon as possible. So they said this life is short, but the hereafter We are the chosen ones we are the children of Allah, so Allah chooses. So then why don't you? Why don't you wish to die.
Because that's the only thing between you and reaching your ultimate goal being the beloved, the chosen ones of Allah subhanaw taala this only is separating between this life and the hereafter when you will be chosen and you will have the good life.
So you should learn for this. But that's not the case. This is
a method of challenge. When you tell someone if you are true, do it. When he doesn't do it. That means he's not truthful.
But they will never look for it because of what their hands have sent before they're
willing at them and no other than be mad at him. They know what they did. What did they do?
What did they do?
They disbelieved. They broke, they breached the covenant several times. So they knew that they this way the last panatela they just believed in the prophet SAW Selim, and they know that punishment is waiting for them. That's why they don't want to die.
They are afraid of the hereafter.
But they will never longed for it because of what their hands have sent before them. And Allah is aware of the wrongdoers.
Lavalle mumbi huali mean.
And verily, well, he then now rasa nasya La Jolla, you will find them the greediest of mankind to life.
And verily you will find them the greediest
of mankind for life, who's the greediest of mankind for life?
The Jews now remember for life here, Allah did not say for the life, he said for life. Well, I didn't know how senesi Allah hyah in Arabic When we say hire.
When I tell you bring me water, did I specify which type of water that means any water should be sufficient. But when I tell you give me bottled water or give me that water, that means I'm looking for something special. Here. They long for any type of hire. They wish to remain alive for any type of hire, even if it was humiliating, even if they were poor even. What does that tell you? If you are ready to live
any life you just don't want to die? What does that tell you?
You are not doing something correct. Because there is punishment waiting for you. That's why you don't want to die. But for the Muslims we believe that this life is prison for us.
Why compared to the hereafter where you will have gardens Sharla you will have paradise this life is nothing that's why we don't care if we died. We want to meet the Las panatela we know that we did the good deeds and for the wrong deeds inshallah we we asked a lot smarter forgive us so eventually we'll end up in paradise so we wish to die.
And if this happened,
it will happen but for the Jews as Allah says
they don't wish to die.
You will find them the greediest of mankind for life. And then those who ascribe partners with Allah. What about those who ascribe partners with Allah? What about them?
Do they wish to die or they wish to live long life?
They wish to live long life Why?
did the idolaters
exactly they don't have any belief in the hereafter. That means they believe one day die. That's it, it's the end.
So they want to live for a longer life. So which one wishes for longer life, the one that he knows that if he died, it will stop or the one that he knows if he died, it will not stop but there is a punishment
which one should wish for longer life?
The first one, the Jews. That's why Allah subhanaw taala is telling you, the Jews wish to live longer life more than
the idolaters more than the pagans.
It depends on actually this is a miracle again in the Quran. Because it depends on where you stop. Well it then namaha senesi Allah hayati, Amina la Vina Shaku, it is as if Allah telling you, you will find them greediest for life.
And those who disbelief those who
who ascribe partners with Allah, according to this, those who are ascribed partners with a lot also wishes, they wish also to live long life.
But if you stop while he did not, say Allah higher, then you continue woman, Olivia national Kuya What do I do home, then there is a different meaning.
So it depends on how you stop, I will not discuss it more because it's a linguistic issue. Yes, in the Tafseer, it will give you more knowledge. But if you don't know Arabic, it will be difficult. Now one of them wishes that he could be given a life of 1000 years. You're the
alpha Santa. That's how much they wish to live for 1000 years.
But even if you live not only for 1000 years, even if you live for more than that.
But the grant of such life will not save him. Even a little from punishment. What's the use? If you will end up in Hellfire? What's the use? Whether you live 1000 years, 2000 years, 3000 years, you will end up in hellfire. So what's the use?
And Allah is CEO
of what they do.
law so you don't be my
old man can I do one ledger? briella This is the second I say whoever is an enemy to jabril for indeed he has brought it down to your heart by Allah permission, confirming what came before it.
Who's the enemy of God?
Was the enemy of jabril
the Jews still the ayah in the same context, why the Jews are enemies of jabril
why they his these the angel who sent down the Torah to masala Salaam
jabril. So they should love him why they they are enemies. What's the evidence that Allah means the Jews with this eye?
Because they say he gave the message to Mohammed Salah Salah. That's why they said we hate jabril.
So Allah is telling them whoever is an enemy to jabril for indeed he has voted down to your heart, to whose heart
to the heart of the Messenger of Allah, by Allah has permission. That means it's not
gibreel himself who chose it is a lost permission. confirming what came before it, confirming the Torah the gospel. So if you are declaring the animosity to jabril actually you are declaring it To whom?
called man can I do only jabril Fernandez Allah Allah call whoever is an enemy to Allah. That's the beauty of
it is as if your enemy to Allah, if you say I'm enemy to jabril gibril doesn't do anything from his own. It is from Allah. And they said he is our enemy also because he exposed our faults, our mistakes, the Jews amongst themselves. They used to talk and the law exposed what they said. It was disclosed in these at previous if, when they are alone, they say, don't tell the Arab about what we know. It will become an evidence against us.
So again if you say I'm the enemy of jabril then as if you're saying I'm dating a fella called man can I do algebra for him known as de la vida, COVID COVID nila, whoever is an enemy to Allah, His angels, his messengers jabril and Mikhail, then verily, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.
Now, we're moving to an interesting story, story of borrowed and borrowed.
This is number one, or one and one or two. It talks about magic. And actually, I'd like to stop here because it will take a long time. I don't like to start with it. How there was a lot of Solomon and Muhammad Ah, sorry. Fishman. Santa Monica.