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Foundations of the Prophetic Sunnah 8/13
Channel: Isam Rajab
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I'm not hungry laughs lotto Samana, Selena, Orlando, Santa Monica, Santa Monica de la. Welcome to the class of the sciences of Hadith. Today inshallah we will talk about the other types of the Hadith, or Nakata, or the Hadith that has a missing link. We already talked about two types of it. And today inshallah we'll continue with the other two types. We said that there are four types of the weak Hadith due to a clear missing link. One of them is Hadith or mersal,
which is the Hadith that has
a link missing from
the end of it at the end of it.
And the more I luck, we hand Hadith had a that has one missing from the beginning of it. Now, we will move to another type, which is alhadeff and marble. That's the name of it and Hadith. Alma Well,
what do we mean by this model has its model is the Hadith that has two or more narrators missing in succession. That's the condition of Hadith and model. We have two or more missing narrators in succession.
We call it Hadith model.
We have a real example.
When Imam Malik Rahim Allah
Malik Rahim Allah He says,
narrated Abu huraira for their loved one. The prophet SAW Selim said the slave deserves the food and clothing from his master.
In this Hadith, Malik Rahim Allah is saying, narrated Abu huraira, viola Han, did Malik in Mathematica hemella. Did he meet with Abu huraira?
Did he meet with him? No, he did not meet with him. Nor did he meet with the one who's before Abu huraira of Ilan.
Abu huraira The last one is a companion, Malik Rahim Allah was not a successor.
He did not meet with any of the companions.
He met with the ones before after them.
So definitely there is someone missing here. How do we know they are two people?
How do we know they are two people?
Now again, we said this hadith is mobile because there are two people between Malik and overall Viola Han.
However, they are in succession. There are two people. Let's say you have a snap, you have a chain of narrators. There is one missing at the beginning. Then there is one missing at the at the middle and there is one missing at the end. How many people are missing here? Three, is it not one?
Why? Why it's not model. They are not in succession. They have to be in succession.
So again, how did we know that? Because this hadith came from another narration
and it came with two men. Now in general, you could simply tell that this hadith is Moncada.
There is no continuous chain, definitely because Malik Rahim Allah He did not meet with abora Alon, but is it mobile or not? That's sometimes difficult to know. But you could know if the same Hadith came from another generation where it says there are three narrators and then there is a hora de la Han and then the messenger Selim The first one is contemporary to remand Malik Rahim Allah so you know that there are two other people. So how do you know by other narrations you know by other narrations?
What's the ruling of Hadith and modern?
Hong Kong? Is it authentic hadith?
Is it Hassan Hadith, what is it?
It is the life why
there is a missing link not only missing link we have to missing. So it's actually not only weak, it's very weak.
Usually it is very weak. Because we have two missing people, not only one if it's one only is sufficient to have the weak category. How about two
so how do you feel mobile is weak.
Remember, it's important to know that sometimes
the marble marble overlaps with luck.
What's the Moloch to begin with? What's the model?
How it is hang?
Bottom that's what we said bottom
from the beginning of it
what do we mean by the beginning of it
from the compiler after him. So let's say we have a mama Buddha with Ramallah
and he is narrating from one man and that shade of Buddha Dhamma is narrating from a successor and the successor is narrating from a companion and the companion is narrating from the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
What's the ruling on this howdy if the one over Abu Dawood is missing?
What do we call it if the one from our doubt is missing? Moloch What if two are missing the shape of Abu Dawood and history?
Marvel, isn't it Marla also.
It is Moloch also. So it could be both that's what we mean by they may overlap sometimes. It could be more luck and it could be model. Let me clarify it more with an example here.
Here's Abu Dhabi Rahim Allah
and let's say he took from Imam
and demand Muhammad Rahim Allah he took it from Imam Shafi
and the mama Shafi took it from Imam Malik
and the man Malik took it from nafa.
From Eben Omar
from the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, how many narrators between Buddhahood and the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam?
Are you with me? We have five narrator's
if those two are missing, Amanda Buddha would say had the center or an Malik from Malik.
The first and the second are missing. What do we call this howdy?
it's small luck also.
It is more luck because anything is missing from the beginning. Now I wonder is not even in a hurry? Moloch it is Moloch but it is also mobile. Why? Because we have two missing in succession.
What if this one is missing? The normal of the Allahumma from not fair from the messenger? sallallahu wasallam.
Let me hear you.
Marcel. Exactly. That's correct, Marcel. Marcel.
It is morsel? We just said that yesterday.
What if those two are missing?
number two and number three.
So it's straight from from Napa.
It is what? marble? Isn't it? Moloch
from the beginning, do we have the beginning? Yes. So it's not Moloch it's only what? One one. We have to
what if this one
and this one is missing?
it's missing from the beginning and actually there is another name for it. It's coming with us now, this Nakata Moncada means it's not linked. It's this link. And it had it that has one narrator is missing. It is called Mankato, so it applies for all of them. But usually they say the Moncada has one missing narrator
whether it is from the beginning from the middle or from the end.
So now let's stick to
the marble. Is it clear? What's the marble daddy that has two missing narrator's in succession.
They don't have to be from the beginning.
Now, the last type of the clear missing link which is more
this is the last type of the life because of the clear missing link. Again, this is the chart Remember what we said about the weakness in the Hadith due to a missing link or due to the weakness of the narrator.
We discussed the clear missing link. We talked yesterday about Marcel and about one luck. Today we just talked about model and now we're talking about the Moncada
then we will move to the Dudley's, we will we will study the other type inshallah, we discuss declared missing link we talked about Marcel and and Moloch. Now, we will talk about among kata after we already discussed at Northern.
What's the mo kata
the headaches that has a missing narrator it's as simple as that.
In this example,
we have this amount is missing a man
what's the category of this?
it's missing from the beginning. It's also what
one kata one kata as long as you have one missing it's called what one kata
What if he's mentioned?
I mean, Amara Han Allah Allahu Allah is missing.
What's the ruling?
And Nakata. Always if there is one missing, it's always one kata.
What if a hammer and naffaa are missing both of them?
What do you think?
Let me hear you. Yes.
Mobile and Mankato. Why it's more than
two in succession. To in succession. That's why Mankato because there is one missing or more, isn't it more sun also.
It is more self because there is missing narrator from the top of it. At the end of
I may ask you, you have to give me all of the categories not only one or two, all of them all that which is applicable. Okay.
those two narrators are missing
only those number two and number four?
number two and number four.
I know it's three caddy. Yes.
Mama says no kata.
Why luck? Why? It's my luck.
It's, it's from the beginning. What about that man?
is only one kata
is only among kata. Okay.
Okay, I hope now it's clear
Okay, now then we will move inshallah,
to the other
type, the weakness in the Hadith, due to unclear, missing link, due to unclear missing link,
which we call the at least we will talk in particular about at least.
And there is in the book,
five pages in the book from page one or three until 107.
We have it in the book five pages from 103 until 107.
you will open the book later, don't open it now.
One or three until one or seven. What's the meaning of the police? linguistically that least means concealment?
concealment? Well, that list is the one who can seals, you can seal something.
That's the meaning of that lease. linguistically that leaves means concealment
in Hades terminology,
hiding a defect and the Hadith and showing
the goodness of it.
hiding the defect of the Hadith
and showing the Hadith as if it's
strong or good.
That's in general, the meaning of that lease. Because again, you are concealing something, what are you concealing, you're not concealing a good thing, you're concealing a weak narrator, you're concealing a defect in the Hadith. That's what we mean by concealment. That lease, it's called that lease.
That's why we said in general, that's the meaning of that lease. And now we will come to the types of the third lease.
We have two major types concealment and Hadith is divided into two types. We have two major types.
That Liesl is not
concealment in there is not in the chain of narrators, which means concealing a narrator and that leaves a shoe concealing the identity of the narrator.
We have concealing animated narrator totally and concealing the identity of the narrator.
These are the two types of that lease.
concealing narrator concealing the identity of the narrator.
let's take them in details.
First of all, is not
concealing a narrator
Dr. Kammen in the book said, to narrate from an authority, what do you mean by from an authority from a man whom he met, but from home he did not learn that particular Hadith. This definition in page one or three, I wrote the page so you don't write it because you have it in the book. So you listen to me
to narrate from an authority, whom he met,
but from whom he did not learn that particular Hadith.
What's the example for this?
You are students here.
I gave you
one particular thing.
There were students also, before you,
they hear from you, what I gave you, which I did not give them. They start telling the people what I said, as if they heard it from me. Now, are they the students of various or not?
They are, did they hear what they are telling from me directly or from you?
They heard it from you, but what they are telling the people
they are telling them they hear that?
from me, that's exactly the example to narrate from an authority.
home he met, but from home he did not learn that particular thing. Is it clear now?
Is it clear now?
So you have a narrator? That narrator he narrates from the chef, and they know him he's the student of that ship,
but that she has other students and he gave them other things. The previous narrator he comes and he narrates from the shape directly, but he narrates things that he did not say directly
He hid it from other people and he conceals them. That's what we mean by that leaves and it's not he conceals the identity identity they can he can see if the narrator
is it clear?
How does it happen?
I give another example Look at the colors I tried to color the name so it will be clear. A student the name of the student is adamant
and the name of the shirt is selling, selling gave 110 a hadith
but that's not the student.
He narrated from selling 11 Hadith or he narrated a hadith nine a hadith which he hid from him and one Hadith not from him. It was from another man
who hid it from selling
that man his color is red.
That's how it happens.
We have met the student of saline and we have took it from someone from selling. So whatever he took from someone he doesn't mention him he goes straight to history selling it does the people I hid it from selling.
We have a real example
in mustard rock off emammal hacking. We should know now what mustard rock the supplement or the follow
Allah even ashram
said a benign acid.
Those are benign. So Fianna banana.
So Fiona banana, he's one of the scholars, he said, from Missouri and Missouri.
So Fianna banana,
he said from Missouri,
because the piano and I know he met with azuri he took from him. So he said from Missouri.
But he was asked, they asked him, did you hear it from Missouri? Did you hear that particular thing from Missouri? He said no, not from Missouri, not even from the one who hears it from Missouri.
So how many people he can seal? Two instead of one he can seal two. So he did that list. But why he did it because people thought he took it directly from him. Now you don't narrate the Hadith from someone you've never met in your life because people will know basically that you did not see him differently there is someone missing.
The problem is when you narrate from someone you already know. But you narrate that which you did not hear. That's why it's difficult. That's why they say it is defect and the Hadith. But here comes the issue again, if you already known if you already narrated from him, how do you know that this particular Hadith he did not hear it from him?
That's difficult thing. That's why they say it is a hidden defect.
So when I was asked, Did you hear it from Xavier? He said no. I hid it from Abdirizak from Mama from Missouri.
So there were two people under Zach debenham mom Sinani and Mama midrashic. Both of them were concealed.
So basically that's
what he said Ali bin Hassan. He said hi definitely no hanaa undeservedly, but in reality, it was a bin hyena
Abdirizak from Mama from Missouri. So instead of having three you should have five there were two concealed
that this issue the other type of it at least
is to narrate the Hadith from a chef and to name that shape with what he is not known with.
The name is there. There is no one is missing. But what is missing the identity.
How will you know that person? You don't know him? Like what? When you say had retina Mohammed?
How many Mohammed's are there?
Let's say you are a student and you have 10 to you, all of them. Their name is Mohammed.
Your ask a hadith and you say Hadassah, Mohammed but which Mohammed? We don't know. So there is no one is missing. But what is missing here? The identity who's Mohammed?
Like if someone said how dessiner Abdullah bin Othman a banana
The companion who's Abdullah? Mohammed
this companion was famous with his nickname.
Do you know who's this companion?
Yes, move across the lawn
workers. Does anyone know him with this name? a beloved enough one banana.
Everybody knows him with the name abubaker
now when I told him he's a worker all you're saying I'm a worker, okay, we know him. That's at least a shoe when you hide the identity when you conceal the identity of the shape.
In the book, he gave you an example abubaker a bit Mujahid said Hadassah Abdullah
bin Abu Abdullah.
So you say Abdullah told us and I tell you who's Abdullah Abdullah, the Son of the Father of Abdullah
did I know who's Abdullah now? If there is someone whose name is Abdullah? Definitely his father is the father of Abdullah.
His father is the father of Abdullah. So he did not clarify his name.
So when I say Abdullah,
and you tell me Abdullah who's Abdullah, I asked us Abdullah
instead of telling me Abdullah bin and you give me a name, you tell me Abdullah, the Son of the Father of Abdullah,
because his father is the father of Abdullah.
When I tell you who's Mohammed, you tell me Muhammad, the Son of the Father of Mohammed.
Did I did I mention the name?
It's not clear.
While when I tell you how to live in Ibiza would
now you know who's a Buddha with Buddha with the famous amount of Heidi Solomon nilesh standing.
Now he is known Abdullah.
So what's happened here?
The narrator is there. I mentioned his name Abdullah, but I mentioned him with something that he's not known with. Nobody knows him with Abdullah, the Son of the Father of Abdullah, every Abdullah, his father is the father of Abdullah.
But when he told me Abdullah, the son of a Buddha would then now I know
these are the two types of the lease. There is another type that lease a test. We're, this is attached to that lease listener, but it is worse. That's why they separated it. It's included in that lease at test is not
the lease the test remains the place of improvement.
What do we mean by that?
to omit a weak narrator between to rely unreliable narrators
to omit a narrator who's weak between two reliable generators.
That's why they call it at least test. What happens here. If you have three generators. Look at me. You have three narrators.
Strong narrator weak narrator strong narrator what's the ruling of the Hadith? What's the degree of it?
Hassan you have weak Narrator And this still hasn't.
for any reason he's weak.
Strong, weak, strong. What's the ruling of this study? It's weak.
But what if I tell you
It's sound hard. It's authentic. So what happened here? The degree of the habit is totally changed 180 degrees. Why? Because I conceal one week narrator I did not conceal any narrator I conceal the weak Narrator And I did not conceal it just like that i concealed it. So you would think it is a strong Hadith. That's why it's very bad type of concealment. The other type when I tell you Abdullah I mentioning his name but I'm mentioning something that you don't know about him.
here again, let's say the same example I met and Sally, both of them are authentic. But you Sophie is not authentic.
did not take it from selling directly. He usually takes it from selling but this time he took it from use of who's weak
and use of took it from selling. I come and I say from
Not from selling or selling and I omit
use of what happens here. This is what we call at least at this way
and with this inshallah will conclude our session for today. Hello Salalah Solomon ramadasa Bridgman