Fiqh of Worship #36 – Jumu’ah (Congregational Friday) Prayer

Hatem al-Haj


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AI Generated Transcript ©

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So one practical thing that we learned from the, you know, talk about soak is hot water.

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You know, for Primus, it's really high tide,

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it really is very pleasant. You know, in the winter, just hot water, sit down, sit on hot water, and appreciate the Dharma that you have clean water, and you're able to eat it. And you're sitting

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in a warm place in the middle of the winter sipping on hot water. And then just like, you will be able to retrieve, you know, sometimes we're good at,

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you know, when it comes to memory, there's like, first you have to notice and then encode, and then, you know, the third phase is the retrieval.

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retrieval is important.

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Sit down, and you know, in your living room, or whichever you likely do have a chair at home.

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So you sit down in the chair and sip on hot water in a warm room, and psycho was one attalla for all of those.

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And I will train you to be thankful for the things you will be more thankful for the bigger things

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because the little things are big. because keep in mind, you are not entitled to those little things. And there are a lot of people that are better than you who don't have.

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They're better than you more righteous, they're smarter, they're more powerful, but even cuter than you.

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we were talking last time about the conditions of the validity of salons and

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conditions of validity. And when we started last time, by the time

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and we will not repeat because we

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have to cover the rest of this chapter today. But the time

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allotted, it

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goes all the way to

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the time.

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The Japanese is just like

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tomorrow for the Maliki's is starting to roll goes all the way to the mother. So

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a lot of drama for the ham bellies starts from a little bit after sunrise to

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That was the first condition. The second condition is to charge the secretary after a few of the conditions of its validity time ficaria in a village, meaning in permanent dwellings not intense or things of that, you know, so nomadic people are not required to pray Jamal, you need to be living in a permanent place permanent settlement.

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Dora has

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been attended by 40 of the residents there in in that village for lives to pray, being identified 40 of the residents of that village or are obliged to pray.

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appliance to pray, keep in mind that if someone's sick, for someone who have an execute, fear cannot come to the gym, I came to the gym and they wouldn't be obliged to pray, because they already came. You're sick. I understand that. But you're already here. So you will excuse to not come because you're sick. But you're already here. You weren't afraid of coming to the rescue, because there were like something on the way to the master that is that made you concern. So but you're here, so you must pray. So, it is what you now have because it is upon you and now you will count for the quarter, the corner establish a drama, that is the second condition or the third condition. The

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first is the fine The second is that you are in a village or town or city not living a nomadic life. Because for the nomadic people, they weren't exempt, they are excused. And the third condition is that they have the core and the core and for the German

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people disagreed over the Quran for the Dharma book. You know ultimately I have disagreed over what the forum for July is so for the Safra is an unbound

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in there, sort of most of the prominent position

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or the authorized the view, according to the champion

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for the dome is 40. And 50 has been mentioned for the, the quarter for the job is for the mannequins is

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12. The Quarter for the jomar. For that hierarchies is what three was

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the quarter for the job for position, a minor position in the company referred to by law is one

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two plus mm, which is like, like three a quarter for the German foreign national poverty element has managed to care carry

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is what, two people, two people,

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you could say that this is a fire that

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you consider to be.

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So why did they disagree like this, you know, and once they disagree of is it is important. You know, I am amazed by the people who will find the lack of certainty in their position when the scholars are all over the place like this. So once the scholars that the standard emails are all over the place like this, you would have to at least appreciate that this is that there is some ambiguity here, that there is some uncertainty here. And I don't know where people actually get that certainty from, you know, after all those events disagree to that extent, and they are all over the place 50 4012 feet to this, and then you can then you know, feel certain about your position, it

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just isn't

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rational. It means that

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anyway, so why did they disagree? Like let's see this agreed like this because of several reasons.

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The number is where did they come up with those numbers like the number for the for instance, which is authorized.

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And the Surefire thing is number 40. Where did they come up with a number 40 because how many of the cabinet pneumatic was sitting with his father, a competent American family, you're sitting with this product coverage, inadequate problems.

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He's the narrator of destiny. So Malik was basically sitting with his son of the rock man and then every time they call the event for Gemma, ICU seeking forgiveness for

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a year you make us suffer from something.

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sad. Yes, because I started Massara was the first one to leave this

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prayer in

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hasn't been the beat which is a particular area.

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It's a particular area outside of Medina and outskirts of the Medina. The first one could lead us into a lot of drama prior to the coming of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam from Mecca was assaulted in his aura. So that's why every time I

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remember this, I needed support for him. So

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then, after him, how many how many were you at that time? And he said, we were for the people who are 40 men, 40 men. So that's where the shaft is at.

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Number 40. Keep in mind, you may think that this may be coincidence that I believe it is coincidental, but don't think that the scholars don't know what they're doing. Don't think that the shaft is somebody is they just, you know, took like a coincidental number and, you know, doesn't make any sense. It made some sense to them, because they may have felt that there needs that there is there must be a corner for Java, because Java is not like the rest of

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the profits are passed to the people outside of the Medina to pray, Jeremiah, and so on. The fact that that

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man asked his father, how many people were you at that time, that means that there is this concept of a quorum, and this would be the most likely a number to go by even though they may not have been particularly certain about the figure that we are looking for a number for the quarter and that may be that the best number to go by

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In mathematics,

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they're worried

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about well, because they're worried that when,

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a loss and they see commerce or use men for the view, and go to it, tell them what Allah has whatever is what Allah is better than commerce and amusement. He said, this event took place there in time of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam, when, you know, things were not as established as they are. Now, keep in mind, the Sahaba would have never done this if things were established, DOMA was a concept, still, you know, in illusion, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was given a speech. So so the, so our caravan of merchants coming by, so they went to, basically,

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to train them to bindings and stuff like this, because they figure this speech like speeches, and we can come back to it and things like that. And it is sad that there were 12 people left, who did not leave the masters at the time and the mathematics of the left and the proper procedure, that means well as the number is the number for the core, could be coincidental also, yes, certainly no medical is looking for a number for the corner. So that's why he chose 12. And then, you know,

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for instance, you need to be speaking, three isn't amount, so you're speaking on past three people. And then they said,

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you know, other positions

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are chosen by a mayor, you know, tomorrow could be to your speaker to to your to your speaking to to the people who said this to the man and another person. So the amount of speaking to another person to to including the amount said that I we don't see any proof that there is a quorum for silica dumber than a quarter percent optimize the same quarter for Jamaica. For Jamaica, there is no difference between a congregation prayer and Juma because the numbers that were mentioned to be a quorum for started, do not have basis, not in the sense of transmission, but in the sense of that application. They are not. They're not clear that this is actually the number for the quorum. They

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weren't all coincidental. So we're saying that whatever is a quorum for demise the quorum for the July and we have a report about the party for medical

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why it is, but the alarm was a prophet sallallahu Sallam

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said to them

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ahmadiyah micromatic pero como is that when the time of the Salah comes in one of you will make the answer and the older of you will be the prayer. So he used the dual pronouns not that not you know, so we have it in Arabic we don't have any singular tumor, but we have singular dual, which is masala and plural which is German, so use the dual pronoun for your macro macro command. So they said that

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that means that two people establish or not, therefore two people

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and you will certainly see what we're

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both in this position because of the letter of Revelation

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is not a school is called the literalist school even though he did not call it this but other people come to this school because it's about another revelation.

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So where do we go from here? You know, these are the different positions you're studying this book and this book is not combining remember if you wanted to remember that confetti position is for the people. But you know, we in our present in our circumstances, here in America, we cannot afford to be doing this ourselves because in many towns that is not afford in many towns that I visited throughout the continent is not a corner

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and if we say to the people who live in those towns, there is no tomorrow for you there will be

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many of them will be

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completely accepting you know absolutely I we agree.

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I don't have to take time out of work and I don't have to be like rushing back and forth from work and all of that stuff and

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I don't have to skip my lectures a would be good news for a lot of people. But But without too much without meeting for us Muslims. Those people could be living away from Muslims away from massage for months on end for years. If we also tend to the celebrities are bigger tours.

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happy would have to be mindful of such circumstances opposite of such conditions.

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whenever if there are certainly we would encourage people to motivate them and stress to them the importance of DOMA and a master data in like the main master the neighborhood

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assistant must

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lay down for us is a beautiful system. So out of demand, you could pray it in any Master, the master of inner labor. So a lot of it has to be prayed in the midst of the JAMA, which is a weekly event. So it brings all the people from the larger neighborhood, you know,

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nowadays, it's like in another town, towns could be much larger. But supposedly it used to be where you're bringing people from the town or departure neighborhood together, like imagine if we have not suited wedding, for instance, and we have a couple of smaller, massage it around, if there is no logistic convenience that we that, if there is no sort of, if it is not for the just exclusive massage to be closed, and we should all come to muster the JAMA, here we all people from medicine come to our facility and bring some art together. And then it's a lot of money that used to be prayed outside the family, you know.

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And that is to bring all the people from the outskirts and all of the people from the nearby towns so that they pray in one place. So it is basically an ascending system

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where a smaller number of people will pray the different congregation prayers together and the larger number of a pray the weekly congregation prayer and then much larger number will bite together. So in our conditions, we have to try your best to pray in the muscle. And if you cannot then pray wherever you are, the mustard is not a condition, the mustard, amen man in a Miss Mustard in a city or a town, by luck permission of the member has to be a machine has given the permission of the man but it has to be at town and the definition of the town is a town where there is a shiny off fourth and so on and so forth.

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So maybe according to the technically speaking according to the policy position, many of the Jamaat will not be valid.

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But again, you have to put this in perspective and you have to understand the conditions of the people and

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religious minorities,

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Muslims who live as minorities, so if you can,

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if you cannot leave work, and your faculty, your college, this then you have like a good number of brothers and sisters.

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You know, I have to say brothers, and particularly

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confusion, because the quorum has to be established by two brothers.

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So if if you have two brothers, and you know, sisters as well, but if you have two brothers, that is that that that establish establishes a court. So if you are surgeons, and you you're basically

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you have a list of operations every Friday, and he can get out of it and starts early in the morning, he pointed to the honey position, you could actually do your derma they talk in the morning before he had to the O r

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with a couple of other surgeons. And that's it you have that that would be the fee that would be counting because the family is not saying to you know, unless you take this somebody's position, which was a minor position

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was one, three, you'll find two others. In addition to you, there will be a quote for you to be consistent with this company position and you have to be consistent with a position regarding time.

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And you pay for this is the only way you could

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do it this way. And but we will tell you don't just sit on this and don't be satisfied with this and don't make this your habit try to work hard so that you could take the day off or take an hour off in the middle of the day. When you become like a more important surgeon or like a more senior surgeon you could choose to do your operations on a different day or switch the times around. But for many people they don't have another laser keep in mind. So

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don't just keep doing this Don't you know set it for

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the password the password may be needed for like a period of time

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before and the need for some

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you may otherwise encounter if you have to leave work is not clear.

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I'm not trying to, I'm not trying to say that we set up for this, but I'm trying to say that Jim is so precious that we cannot really sacrifice German. So if you cannot do it in the most perfect way, and it must, it must be the way here, you drive faster than what a because it is also purchased.

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It is one versus semester, that is the rent and mustard, so we're not going to get into this evening.

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So if you want to do it in the most perfect way and come to a master that is completely purchased completely you up has 40 people 40 men, in addition to this experience, then that would be the most ideal sort of scenario.

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Try your best to do this, and to basically live up to that scenario. If you cannot, for some reason, then we do have the sun, the flexibility in our heritage is huge. And we're not talking about sad, we're not, we're not talking about you know, like positions that are counter to the parameters assume that we're

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still within the realm of parameters and that are not counter to the letter of the parameter. And so when you think about how would you position for instance, which is 444 is a quorum, according to the four is a quarter that's the authorized you in a major mental habit for the foreigners and for that's it. So you don't need the for the because you have an authorized reviewer for the authorized if you have any method that is the authorized you in one major method of the forum is authorised view is that.

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So for people praying at eight o'clock in the morning,

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in the workplace, they will not be completely happy, they will not be completely happy. But there'll be like no, be passing the two in a way that is not offensive to the objectives of the Sharia. We said before that patching could be offensive to the objectives of Sharia. When you're doing double standard, when you're doing something that would otherwise be awkward. You're not announcing your wedding and you're not having to witnesses because some people tell you don't think that now and some people said you don't need the two witnesses. So this is a secret of wedding. This is not this is

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offensive to the Jacksons of Serbia. Here. We're taking the number from the happiest we're taking the time from Belize to do what to allow other people to create your own art to allow some Muslims to come together and pray tomorrow and not skip that or not drop that important ritual, that weekly ritual for us Muslims, are we trying to be offensive to the objectives or serve that we're trying to serve them not to circumvent them

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next, we said

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So we said

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we're doing it in confined or in time, we're going in a village for the people and three have any other phenomena.

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It has to be preceded by to focus has to be preceded by two sermons in

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the hope button and then he will describe the ingredients of every football these are the pillars of drama and these are important because without this drama is not valid.

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So he said that it has to be preceded by two numbers. Only the happy 71 football would be sufficient than the happy ever say that you do want football? No, they certainly do to help us but the sad one would be sufficient. Like if someone forgot, if someone you know just you know it was in a hurry, pray and then wonderful band did not sit down in the middle and rise and do the second football. that's valid according to the hotkeys, but according to the majority according to this authorized view on the company Mazda joma has to be preceded by two not one for each hook but has to have the ingredients and here he gives us the ingredients of each of these are

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the hot button come to light on

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to it one more ever, in every football.

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Okay, so be preceded by two servants in each one.

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In each of which there is some light on the face of Allah subhanho wa Taala

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the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to look around

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I will answer every speech that is not part of by Hamdulillah, praising Allah subhanaw taala is liver disease, defective deficient? Okay. So you will not want your speech tomorrow to be detected.

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Here, keep in mind that we are being somewhat

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where we're okay. So

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here are some

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adaro here and the claim here that we are making that

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up. But this is a condition of validity that the lien that we are mentioning here the evidence that we are mentioning simply means that it is a condition of perfection, you know, not validity, but we're using this and this has been the authorized view.

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If you if you don't have your DOMA is not valid according to the baddies what is the error there that is that your job is not valid is that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that if every species is not part of the Bible, in praise of Allah is deficient, the prophet sauce on the men is not he was not talking about July in particular, he was talking about old speeches and Someone may say but this does not mean that it is invalid, this just means that it is imperfect, imperfect versus invalid a big difference, but somebody said it is invalid and that is when the use the supplemented this the sub the supplement you know, so, sometimes the need will be shorter proving the claim so

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they always supplemented with something else. So how to be supplemented us by the hundreds of medical providers in karate for the purposes of sets on Nakamura demonio Sunday prayers you see me pray and every time the you know the supplemental does have ease because prayers you see me pray have been they will tell you that we we've never heard that the prophet SAW.

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So given that he did not and he said pray as you see me pray, we consider this to be a condition of validity.

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If I agree, or don't agree, but this is the position of

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must start with.

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Enter a sector Okay, I'm sending blessings on this messenger.

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Because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Elia Suleiman, Jamal, Jamal,

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many, many hobbies this this is you know, bona fide, this is confirmed, all of the hobbies are not the

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strongest in their authenticity, but the amount of activities that have been reported, you know, that imply this, or that indicate this are numerous. So this concept is established that we sent blessings on to the Prophet songs that among the night and the day of German, what is the night of Gemma when decided to start?

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Thursday after Thursday after the night of the German stars? Okay, so

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it is important that we understand that

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the revered veneration of the prophets of the Muslim is an integral part of our religion because that is, you know, part of revered and get glorifying the center is to revere His Messenger. Isn't that true?

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Isn't that true? part of you know, being able to hold on to the path is that you reveal the guy. So, all these are reminders for us, that you have to walk behind that one guy on this path to philosophize to

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hit it this is an integral part of the religion because some people,

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some people actually will happen and so on and so forth. Like why would one man you know, get all that attention or praise or you know, because this one man is the guide to God, and He is the messenger that godson, part of revealing glorifying God and showing love for God is to revere and glorify the procedure that he chose. And that he said, Have part of revealing you cannot adhere to the past the message itself, you cannot adhere to the message without value without appreciating him glorifying the messenger who is a guide. How do you walk behind someone that you don't trust them this much. So all of this builds into us.

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This you know,

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all of these junctions buy a lot to revere and glorify the year of the Prophet Solomon to respect the prophet SAW some love and affection for the purpose of Sutherland builds this into us that this is your guide, this is your path to me and you must walk behind this guide.

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Then, but but certainly the needle also near the bat is mentioned here to say that this is a pillar of some automatic conditional validity is to like is to generate the profits simply said, you know, said to me on the night and the day of Juma, he did not say it's a condition of relativity to make this a lot in during Juma berries are saying that at least this is the time when everybody would remember to do it, because you may forget to do it throughout the day. So at least we make this an integral part of the football so that the Muslims in the in town they did not forget to send

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to the Prophet sallahu wa salam during the day of Gemina. So make this an integral part of football in Java. And then he says what can i a

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recital of a verse from the Quran and

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exhortation, patient advice, things or patient or advice. So, what are the conditions of validity? What are the ingredients of the drama for the honeyberries say and hamdulillah

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100 plus Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah

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salata sour so that need to we got to nail down right. Okay.

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See ya, Vina America, la casa

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for your belief, your allottee should be fear.

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como servants of Allah, Theodore.

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john was done.

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He come back for the second cookbook, and you repeat the same thing from the last

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da, da da

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da, da da, da, da, da, da, da, da,

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da, second home.

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And then if you want because the companies will come back and say to you, if you're doing this in Arabic, in Arabic, we did it an hour where the rest of it will be in English now.

00:32:58--> 00:33:00

So for the people, I'm pretty happy.

00:33:01--> 00:33:03

Like sort of observing of this,

00:33:04--> 00:33:08

you know, that there has to be an Arabic in particular.

00:33:10--> 00:33:18

But if you want that's it, you're done. It's all in Arabic, you finish the whole thing really, it's only colors in Arabic. So basically

00:33:19--> 00:33:20

gonna lie on

00:33:23--> 00:33:23

the moon

00:33:28--> 00:33:35

when you're finished your foot by the English and you will be oh good luck, please consider this to be

00:33:37--> 00:33:39

important than both corpus

00:33:41--> 00:33:54

and repeated in the second Pogba as well. So it is simple and it takes two minutes. have anyone any Muslim who is with just just very little knowledge can be

00:33:55--> 00:34:03

all about rituals do not require, you know, like, a clergyman to

00:34:04--> 00:34:05


00:34:18--> 00:34:19

I'm just curious.

00:34:29--> 00:34:30

No, I'm not aware of any

00:34:31--> 00:34:32

the basic

00:34:34--> 00:34:39

but certainly the basic formula, but any more ever, if you say

00:34:45--> 00:34:45


00:34:55--> 00:34:59

They separated between them and any is concerned about bias. So they separated them

00:35:00--> 00:35:03

reading them when we should provide advice next to the

00:35:06--> 00:35:07


00:35:09--> 00:35:09


00:35:14--> 00:35:16

They don't consider them friends, the first one

00:35:17--> 00:35:20

in my family don't concern first on ticket tickets are the first one

00:35:21--> 00:35:26

prior to the football, but the football field is after the event because they do the

00:35:29--> 00:35:30

local language and

00:35:32--> 00:35:42

there is no harm in speaking in the language that people will understand. If you feel that you want to fulfill all the criteria,

00:35:44--> 00:35:45


00:35:51--> 00:35:54

in Arabic, say the least,

00:35:55--> 00:36:08

which any speaker, even the speakers in speaking English that any speaker would say some something in Arabic, that will basically count as, say all the ingredients in Arabic, but all the ingredients will take less than

00:36:10--> 00:36:24

two minutes. In fact, less than one minute. If you want to tie me to time 100 allows us

00:36:28--> 00:36:31

to see more about the law.

00:36:32--> 00:36:33


00:36:39--> 00:36:41

I was even generous,

00:36:52--> 00:37:03

but it is important that we understand. Now the next the next issue here is how long should we take? How long should we take? How should we think because people

00:37:06--> 00:37:19

everybody will claim to be moderate, right? All the people are moderate, everybody is probably the most extreme of people are modeling because they think that there is an extreme that is even farther away from their extreme. So that has a moderate.

00:37:21--> 00:37:28

But with a lot of us to be moderate. So we'll have to say that we want to be monitored. My understanding of moderation

00:37:29--> 00:37:46

is that it is it is based on your community. like to give a speech in like a certain certain areas. For instance, in Alexandria, Egypt, where I grew up, to give a speech for one hour is pretty decent, pretty moderate, you know, smile, people will be actually appreciative of how short your speech was.

00:37:48--> 00:37:48


00:37:51--> 00:37:53

there will be you know,

00:37:55--> 00:38:18

kept hostage after class. So people will walk away, someone will come and tell you, you know, I like to do things you know, I like our mother to arm, our knives and swords, yours features anyway. So it depends on your community, you have to be understanding of the condition of your community and for most of our communities here in the US

00:38:19--> 00:38:40

where we live in this country that people need to go back to work and stuff like that. So you know, 30 minutes would be good. 25 minutes would be good. 35 minutes would be around that would be good. But keep in mind that when the prophets of Allah Salim said in a Buddha, Buddha, salted Raja hoop but even in the

00:38:43--> 00:38:51

short, short footbed the long prayer is an indication of someone's good understanding of the deen because the Arabs

00:38:53--> 00:39:39

Arabs in general parrot culture in general is a vocal phenomenon. We like to talk talk, talk, talk, talk. And then once you got some people ask it, you know, you just you just keep on talking. So the Prophet was telling them don't get carried away, just keep it short. Because you'll get the people tired of the one is that once the people get tired of the mindset, they will not accept it. So he's talking from that perspective to people in that culture, who used to talk forever, you know, talk talk about poetry, that is the sit down and, you know, recite their poetry or champion poetry.

00:39:40--> 00:39:41

That used to be

00:39:43--> 00:39:44

you know,

00:39:45--> 00:39:59

sometimes it's good, sometimes it's bad, but oftentimes it is bad because people who want to hold people captive to their own speech, regardless of the People's conditions and regardless of the people circumstances

00:40:00--> 00:40:27

Regardless of the People's capacity or capacity to digest to this part, even if they say they are actually coming from a position of self service, you know they are. So the that is why in this Hadith, the prophet SAW someone said, Wait a minute, vanina cetera. Some speech is like magic, some speeches, language craft like magic. And the people who are eloquent, and they keep the people they keep

00:40:29--> 00:40:58

preaching to the people, regardless of the People's need. And regardless of what they're saying, they're usually trying to show off their voice. They're trying to show off their eloquence, and they enjoy having a an audience. And that is a problem with speakers, the enjoyment of having an audience because we all like to talk, you know, I'm talking to enough for the last two hours, we all like to talk we don't like to listen, that is part of our self serving, sort of

00:40:59--> 00:41:00


00:41:01--> 00:41:13

And that is what the purpose of Southern was, was basically warning us from this, don't go down this path, keep it short be understanding of the needs of the people.

00:41:15--> 00:41:18

But that profits are seldom used to sit down,

00:41:19--> 00:41:23

sit down to rest between the two harbors. What does that tell you?

00:41:25--> 00:41:39

That it was born good enough to need the rest in the middle. Right. So it is not, you know, the 11 seconds, it certainly is. And at the same time, it is also not

00:41:41--> 00:41:44

too long the tea that you're hitting last

00:41:46--> 00:41:56

time, but he was talking about something serious, and he needed to do it one time. That's fine, but it was weird. That is why people were sort of agitated, or some of them, you know,

00:41:57--> 00:42:11

but it was not natural. So the bottom line is the cognizant of considerable of the considering of the considering

00:42:12--> 00:42:15

people's needs and people's

00:42:18--> 00:42:18


00:42:22--> 00:42:27

Okay, so we finished the conditions of validity. Can I move on why?

00:42:29--> 00:42:30


00:42:32--> 00:42:36

because we didn't finish the rest of the chapter, which is

00:42:37--> 00:42:42

958 pounds, so we'll probably not be able to. Next time we'll talk about

00:42:43--> 00:42:49

the Scripture, which means the sermon. We'll talk about capturing some of

00:42:51--> 00:42:54

that we will talk about the hidden

00:42:56--> 00:43:01

walk in and then we will talk about some other rulings.

00:43:03--> 00:43:05

And we're close to finishing

00:43:06--> 00:43:09

the salon next to sell diamond decoteau seca.