Channel: Hatem al-Haj
Series: Hatem al-Haj - Fiqh of Worship
fear, and we will start the
Before I start, one thing that I
actually forgot to address, the last session we were talking about
is that make sure that you're not seeking rather forever, you're not seeking,
seeking contentment for your own
self gain or for your own
pleasure as the final or the end goal, it is not the primary goal. Sometimes you may give up some of your internal peace or inner peace for the sake of a loss.
Basically, spiritual intoxication is not meant to be a spiritual coma, or spiritual intoxication, where you are becoming different.
Where you start to seek justice for yourself and for the rest of the people.
It is not meant to be this
is just a phase a station on your way to the final goal. And the final goal is
the final goal is the pleasure of Allah not your pleasure. See, when the people have done that, lots of
people have done that, Would you like something better than what they have given you? And they say to me, what could ever be better than what you have given us? He would say to them are heading on a journey, but
I will, you know, to this tomorrow with one minute, my pleasure, grant you My pleasure, my pleasure on you. And thereafter, I will never be displeased with you. And that is basically the end goal. Not, you know, the ultimate goal, the ultimate achievement.
It's not even the agenda itself. You when you get to the agenda, that is what you will be told. That is the final goal. When the last one tells you this, once you've heard this from a loss of planet Island,
you know that you have basically reached your final destination and this is it. This is the complete fulfillment
of the journey. When you hear this these words from Allah, Allah May Allah make us whole those who will hear them
then so on. our talk today is about prayer fears.
It's about the first
chapter on sort of the perfect
solution of our some of the prayer appears permissible in any form, in which it was conducted by the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam
said that there are six different forms or to perform some comparables and he sanctioned all six forms, some of his disciples sanctions, five of them
all the six forms, but it is not necessary for us and that is why in Africa, Dima mentioned one of the sanctions forms, because basically we have two conditions, we have events here and not that intense here.
So in the cases of just mild to moderate fear, that it is prescribed for for the one form will be prescribed. And then in the case of intense fear that people are afraid in whichever form they can pray. in whichever form they can pray. But
what did he
What did he choose for the cases of mild to moderate fear where you're not afraid that the enemy
will or you're not engaging the under your name, he is engaged with you at the moment for the fight. you're praying, he sat in
front of somebody Mahara. The preferred ways for the man to divide them into two groups. One group guards
While the other one prays whenever I talk with him phase that karma is funnier
than not solid. And so when he arises for the second doctorado, Luke should intend to start following his leadership and they complete their prayer.
Okay, what am I towers and then they go to God? Well, Jonathan over the other one would come for someone
to pray with me a second
comment at the article,
if he said when he sits down for the sermon, the rice and perform as well, because they will have hot
beer, and you will wait for them until
you mix this theme with. Okay, so this is how we basically prayed when the enemy was in front of them that they were afraid of being ambushed by the enemy that he was not behind them, that he was in front of them. And there was like a reasonable distance between them a battery life without facing
the mind facing the enemy and
loved them in prayer. And they divided themselves into two groups, one group started, you know, the prayer is through our accounts. So one group started with the email, everybody's praying for our cause, including the email.
But how would they do this, when they have divided themselves into two groups, one group will start with an event until it comes up from the first rock on to the second, once they team up to the second record, that first group who stay with him, they have the other group behind the watching the
first group that was trying to get on the map, they were
separate from the email. And he will just stand there waiting for the second group, that first group would separate for the from the map. And then they will finish their second paragraph, they separated from data they're finishing now in the second round, they know it's just standing there waiting, they finish to the second block off, they move to the back. And the back, the guards come to the front and pray with a second workout when they join the map. The man proceeds with a second car. And then the man sits down how many across the enterprise now to this group, how many records they tried, what the amount stays, like he said, you know, the the second marker to get in
Sacramento County stay until this group goes up and perform their second car. And then they go down. And then they make the scene with a map. And let's see. So this is the fourth This is an in the lack of intensity or if you're going to be an officer, engaging the enemy,
then we will he will come back to say that if they are afraid
if they are you know it engaging the enemy and they just pray in whichever form even if you pray on the back of the horse does not mean that you're prostrate on your horse like this because you're going to be done. Once you've done that
it means that you to me like it's a hint. So do it by hinting so record by hinting. So even if you do this to enter a goal and you do this you need to do it that's it. That's all you need to do.
he he says here
when something comes up to return or
if the fear escalates considerably they prey walk into a riding face in our lap they ask for the bounty and
what can daddy cuckoo ha See, likewise anyone who fears for himself you saw me on a husky hi
may pray as his condition permits, wherever I'm putting that my schedule NFlt Can he may do whatever he needs to do in terms of escaping
or writing in terms of escaping and other acts. So
we talked about this before right? We talked about you know we talked
about if you're not comfortable, if there is where that fear comes there is one or two here and you're not comfortable trading your car
if it is white
don't pray in your car for modesty, there is no, there is no reason to pray in your car for modesty, this is to pray, the prophet SAW the laws in front of the people in the back, but there were, they were still visible.
So there is no reason to pray your cart for months, but there is a reason to pray in your car, as the conditions outside are not suitable, like the store mark, you know, like too much snow and
there is a reason to pray in your car, also, if you're going to have to fear if you have reasonable
sometimes in some places, but I have to say that I have to say this because sometimes we have to be too strict and we define for people what they should be afraid of, and what they should not be afraid of fear is subjective, we cannot believe people are completely different, what they forget about
the you know, religious
act acts, but when it comes to just like other ordinary behavior, people are have
huge, hugely wide spectrum
when it comes to fear of, you know, different sort of
assumptions of what is to be feared.
You know, so we cannot deny the subjectivity of you. Therefore, if you feel afraid to pray outside the power, pray inside the book.
Is that easy. So you don't need to call someone or text of the person you
need to text them to ask, you know, I, you know, I'm here at Walmart in the city of Arkansas, do you think I should be able to pray inside your car,
you know, I may not have either is subjective, it may not be seeing what you're seeing. And I may not have the same feelings like
not because of the gender difference only but because also just like personal differences. among men and women, people have different perceptions of what is reasonable fear what's not reasonable here. So anyway, if you feel afraid, like you prey on a husky hardy has your condition permits, unless is really clear, and that they give examples
that were very flexible.
So they give examples of the given examples of many things like if you're afraid that you're mishaps for instance, you're going to auto fan, you're afraid that you're going to miss the world photographer, you place a lot of fun, because you're afraid of missing content, it causes harm to you. The mishaps embrace a lot of meaning to pray in your vehicle, your grade on your mountain, bike in whichever direction it takes you.
That is a mechanic that's authorized you in the bathroom. So we're not trying to basically
we're not circumventing
does have enough flexibility, it does have enough ease for people to practice without
arm and without hearts. Okay.
Now, there are so many things that we can learn.
Very, like it's a very small chapter and very simple. And there's so many things that we can learn from,
you know, one of the things that we can learn from slaughter cows is the importance of somebody.
Absolutely, because if you're engaging the enemy in areas that require us to pray, you know, that can be like if you if you're not too far down, you're, you know, you have your spine to your neck. And you're still required to pray, but you're told, okay, do it as do as much as you can. That shows you the importance of prayer. It doesn't. Okay, second, it shows you the importance of congregational prayer. It shows you the importance of congregation center, you can see very simple many forms of how you should pray in congregation, you know, at the time or on the battlefield here, step it up. Step seven on a two groups OFAC guard list. It shows you the importance of the
in overheated learners,
sort of in some way,
shape or form.
So if you look at this verse, this is sort of you know, detail about what if when, if you are with them, salons and you establish the prayer for them from place to market with one group of Sir, pray with you,
not pray and, you know, pray with you
for and let them take their arms with them.
When they frustrate paliku numerati, let the other group be behind you watching the enemy.
And then another, the other group that did not pray, come and join you in prayer.
And let them take their precautions, let them watch for themselves and take your precautions and hold their arms.
The enemies but other
enemies wish to perform wish that you become heedless of your snare high your gear, your gear, your weapons,
your baggage, fabuleux Alec melodrama heatherly descend upon you or they attack you all at once.
But then I've also noticed that
there is no harm if there is if there is rain that's causing you inconvenience or sickness that you will put down your arms.
Watch yourselves or take your precautions, be vigilant.
What does that say to you?
You know, in terms of like the, you know, now they are sick, they're fighting for the possible law. They're sick, they're tired, you know, and the law is telling them, watch your mouth.
Don't be neglectful. And don't just count on me watching you.
Because if, if I
keep in mind, Alaska is teaching us if I violate my universal laws for you. If this if you if if if you're basically guaranteed that it wants your job, then they the trainer.
Test is void, there is no test anymore. If people know that Allah always, always will protect the believers
in any particular condition. In this study,
his protection is granted to the believers. But it does not mean that I will protect you against this.
I'll protect you against being murdered by your enemy. I don't I did not accept that.
I don't do that today. I'll tell you that evolution in Shahada and so on. So Allah subhanaw taala is telling you even even when you're fighting for my claws, when you're when you're sick, and tired and fighting for my cause, and during the fight, you're trying to pray to please you or you're praying, you're standing before me to pray through the battle. Why you're sick, you still need blood sugar, you still need to take your precautions. Instead eat all your gear it keep your gear have steel. So watch for yourselves. If a boss power guarantees things for the believers that test his voice in dystonia. If you have guarantees and in this book, you
will you know when it comes to the events of this if the believers will have guarantees that tests will be void because that is what the test is for. Otherwise, if Allah subhanaw taala guarantees you for instance wealth, if you believe for health if you believe that this would be void if alas Matata guarantees victory for you if you are believers over
During the reading sort of exam,
you know, had it not been that all the people will be one nation of believers, we will have or this leaders will have given the disbelievers
lofty houses, black silver ceilings or ceilings made out of silver, staring weddings upon which they arise. So we must give given them to you. But if I give the dooney, after this leave us alone, all the people will be the sleepers. The same applies to the other case, if I give the video to the believers alone, all the people will be believers that test will be void. That is not what is meant by this man is for people to always have this.
To always have to have to always have to work for certainty, always have to work for faith and for certainty because that is what is visible, otherwise it won't be noticed. So these are all different things that we learn from the importance of salami, prayers, and the arrangements of salado
teaches us the importance of
engaging the causes the proper causes, and not counting on being believers just things to work out for us. Because they will not work unless we engage them the way I was
meant for them to be in the process.
Anyone who doesn't have the code, let's just do as much as we can.
But now that that's on tomorrow, the chapter are
to balance cash withdrawal.
Everyone who supplies the pavement repairs.
Everybody who supplies for mandatory prayer isn't what lasts too long. So that means what all about, say Muslims, for about same Muslims. Now the exceptions. But the default is all about say you are required to pray. Parents they are required to create a list of the exemptions. First one is like I was something I'm giving here is he is a resident in a permanent dwelling as opposed to tense for example, you know, what's on your behalf is permanent dwellings anything that doesn't have, we're not talking about the material itself. But this is
he's not living a life, not
nomadic life, people who are living a nomadic life out in the desert, you know, so what those people are not required to pray, they are not required to pray.
So if you are a resident,
permanent dwelling, if the distance between them and the master is one person or this, the distance between him and molester is one person for three months or less, what what is really happening
here because he explained what he meant, and nobody talked about this. And he
said that this applies to people outside of that outside of town. What the only people that are inside town, this is the town. And keep in mind, we're going to go back to what the condition is now city
and miss the town, one town, this is the town if you live here. If you live here, outside of town, and the distance between you and the domestic is 1.55. So you're not you're not German is required of you. You live here, and this is the pastor
and the distance between you and the mustard is 1.55 jamara is not required of you if you live here.
And the distance between you and domestic is six concepts. DOMA is still required of you, because you are still in that, miss it you're in town and outside of town. So that distance thing is about people are outside of town. Now in order for us to be reasonable and enough to understand the spirit of the
cam because people stick to the authority of care particularly
People that are quite dedicated
particularly person who are quite dedicated to a particular sport, they can sometimes stick to the bar of
gab for getting the
praise of like a distortion.
If we are if we can, because
there will be many other conditions, there are condition for instance, in the event that we will have to get permission from or
there are conditions that a Muslim has to be
placed where there is a high crime and that there is a law there is, you know, that sort of thing. But if we want to understand the spirit in the management set,
he is he isn't signed down that it doesn't matter the distance. But part of the explanation that the member who met provided is that it is unlikely for one town to be wider than one person wider than three minds, that so it is rare is in considerable considerable fear of which sounds.
But in our times, I'll have the means are wider than one person,
one person is
missing in our times, when many times or one other person, then we are stuck here, then someone can basically adhere to the one FAFSA, and someone can adhere to no this is one town. So wherever you are, even if you are 25 miles away, even if you already use them,
you know, from one side to the other side, could travel for 48 miles or more. But
what we have to say if you are within a reasonable commute from the master, we have to say if you aren't going to make a reasonable commute from the master, then the salon would be obligatory to you. And then we should start to define what reasonable commute is, you know, and and sometimes it will be subjective, because also the one subjectivity, when they talk to the founder of the site, you know, heavy for everything, there is no honey that says one person and if you're outside the conference if you're inside the founder, or whether there's 1% or more, but if you are within a reasonable commute from
negatory that is what is meant here, if you are within reasonable
then the drama is obligatory only
because I only have
but he says here
Illinois, Missouri is
okay. After one Passover Bhima. exempted are the woman who saved the traveler and one was excused because of sickness, rain or fear, the one was excused because of sickness, rain or fear. So here are the exemptions. Women are required, they are allowed. They
do not forbid the slave girls
from the houses.
They are not required. They are welcome. They're also part of the IRS. They should have enough equal sort of right to the house of Allah. But they may use it when they resign because Allah subhanaw taala lighten this burden on them because they have other burdens. And if you're if you had just given birth to a newborn, you cannot figure out how five times a day to the muscle to pray and leave your kid and things of that nature. Not necessarily just this particular scenario but things about if you're
donating anything, you may be
it may be too hard to make it a requirement, but they are welcome and we have equal right to the message.
So in the end, the same the same because they're always busy. Masters leads but today's controversial requirements they can range on
To allow him to come out therefore, whenever this controversial, then we say, what, then it is certainly
better to, to do for the Masters allow Him and for Him to perform it because it's controversial. When he says that the traveler, the traveler does not need to pray, john
does not need to pray Jamaat, but if he prays Java, if he prays Java, then it will be sufficient and he does not need to pray. And he does not need to change the source for a job. If he's passing through our town and he through pray Java does fine, he does not need to, but it is fine, you can pray. If he is in as intended to reside more than four days in that town, then you should pray to Jehovah. But we haven't done enough of him particularly come out.
priors. In particular, he cannot be the cause he's upset
for the majority he can be the man so be flexible about these things.
So for the majority, you can be the one mouse model
and the one who is excused because of sickness, what our Mother Brain How have fear he's afraid of going to a job
for except for he's currently first property
in the attendance it will become
it will come for them, but it does not become valid by their presence. What does mean by does not become valid by any stretch, because he will come back and tell you that there is a quarter for Java. In the Hanbury method there is a core number we may not be able to discuss this today, but next time in Java, we will discuss the quarter for Java harmonies and sapphires for the is the quarter less than this you have no job
is 3% mmm according to the stronger position to close the round according to another position, then you have to perceive them as
an important problem.
And then you have one plus the email which is the position of some scholars as well like
for instance, and
so, they say the corner was the corner parts of our conference mascot for dogs because there is no need to say that the corner for gentleman is any more than this, we will discuss this next time, but that is why he's saying that it will not be valid by their presence, because it you have you know, if you have 35 people from town
and then you have six from outside of town It does not matter
if you have 635 people from outside of town and you have six that are sick, in addition to them, you have 41 right, it becomes abandoned by the sick
it becomes valid by the sick and it becomes a valid buy and hold without fear our mother if someone who have an excuse to not come to a job because of brain or because of fear made it or sickness or anything and six people with these excuses made it it is valid.
But it does not become valid by you know 35 men and six women 35 men and six hours 35 men
explaining what that is saying.
So, so that is what he does. That's what he's trying to say
killer mother is a hot water bottle a rocker That being said, except for as for the one who was excused because of sickness strain or fear, if he attends then it becomes obligatory on them and also valid by his presence. So
so then Gemma is obligatory on all men that are living in town while they are residents in town and there is a mosque in town that is within a reasonable commute from them. Then they must come to the Java
Well, those men
that are residents in town be excused, and there is rain, or fear, or sickness. That is one we are excuse for women that are not required to come. But they're always welcome to come and hit one count for them. And we don't need to praise them for anything because it just places
that's one of the conditions and then the for the rest of the conditions because we still have payments. Now that's Did you have a question before? Us?
what is the what are the conditions and conditions are different conditions of the validity of trauma. So if you want to construct a house worth you have to do
something even bigger about
the conditions of its validity? Do you want it all the time in a village been attempted by 40 of the husbands therein, meaning in the village for wives to pray, will take only the work? They're doing it during the prescribed time? What is the type of journal that if you're trying to manage yourself? Or do you take yourself a position? In this particular issue? The Prime observer is like a timeout.
referees is the brain Moser, what is it for?
The handle is the timer very, starts from the time of eight, what is the time of a, you know, like, like a little bit after sunrise from a little bit after sunrise all the way to us, we can change your mind.
there is there is plenty of disagreement about this. But there are some reports that, you know, some of the reports are weaker, there are clear and weaker, and some of the reports are stronger and transmission but more ambiguous. So the report of Java seems to be
a very strong report in terms of transmission, and reasonably strong in terms of application. Because data on the alarm sound that we use to private tomorrow with a prophet SAW someone from another
episode of Zulu shops that we used to break down all the profits on some of them, we used to leave em take our cows to their stables. Hainan shows when the Sun reaches its zenith Did he say here? Is this ambitious enough is rooted shops when the service region sees
the authentic edition? Did he mean that we used to pray of Jo ma here the Zulu sounds about he just put
a name that no. Then we take our campus, the staples in the middle? Like we used to break down all the profits or something and then take the staples hate and there's only shops when the Sun reaches its zenith? Does this refer to create around the processor, but there are many other reports from, you know, that were established from others have as well, that they pray in Java during before their son reaches its zenith, and
back to Alma based on some controversial reports and some controversial reports. Anyway,
there is ambiguity Yes, there is ambiguity, do you expect that the scholars particularly the most studied will disagree or in any matter if there is no ambiguity of this, they're like the sun in the middle of a summer day when they disagree. Because scholars of this evidence of this stature, they don't disagree on you know the you know,
basic stuff, you disagree on clearly clear stuff that has no ambiguity whatsoever, why would they disagree? Once there is disagreement, there will be some ambiguity, yes, there is some ambiguity here. But we believe that the harmony has that makes it
sound it improves and makes it much easier for people particularly in our conditions. Now, this idea of it has to be in a patio there has to be in a village or a house. That harmless demelza adds more conditions to the drama and there has been fatawa from
Some of the, you know, a ton of you scholars, particularly in South Africa, about, you know how it is completely unacceptable to establish Gemma in the prison system or to pray to Russia inside the prison.
Yes, technically speaking, you may be right, you may have a superior argument, technically, technically, you may have a superior argument because if you go back to the textbooks, you go back to the what the scholar said, technically speaking, you may have a spinner argument. But if you factor in the so called the mythos of the show, you're in the intense our the objectives of Sharia, you will find that, that this is the time when those people get to learn about Islam, and to hear about Islam, this is the time when you get to invite other people to sit with them. And
that is the opportunity for many of the people in the in the prison system to get to hear about this now. And that's the opportunity for people to borrow, you know, as Muslims and to basically, for this bond, or this allegiance or this, you know,
relationship to develop, if you deprive them of that, because of technicality, because, you know, some scholar at some point said that this is not acceptable, or it is not valid, even if that position became dominant for them as well. So, but if we neglect the objectives of trade off, we don't see the benefits, the obvious benefits of establishing a job right, in the different prisons, then that is an issue. And that is what part of
part of our problem is, you know, we do want to be, we do want to be respectful of our scholars. We do want to However, it's understand that the world has become very different. And there are times when there is a conflict between the better of, you know,
between, you know, technicality and the objectives of Sharia there is a conflict that has to be resolved. There is a conflict that has to be resolved between the foundations and the principles of depth, and the detail rulings effect, there is a common set, sometimes you either have to do to basically
favor the principles or the WTO rulings. And if you favor maybe their drawings, lose sight of the principles
of the of the industry, it will cause tremendous harm. Can you imagine if we just tell the people that like right to the prison system, you don't have to worry about
our prayers, because this is
actually a veteran, which
is what they're trying to do here is
That is unbecoming of any faculty. Or
is not to say anything about any of you. But that is unbeatable, that is inappropriate and oftentimes changes my phrasing. That is inappropriate, extremely inappropriate, extremely awful. Oh, God, it was