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Fiqh of Worship #18 – Covering the ‘Awrah

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Hatem al-Haj

Channel: Hatem al-Haj

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Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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So now the people in the back Take your time you don't have to come back you just take your time get your coffee, don't worry, no, no, no Ross, I have my banana bread.

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Everybody gets this. Okay.

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So similar from the last one some sort of louder or softer. And I'm about to proceed. We will talk about covering our today as the second prerequisite of the validity of the second condition of validity of the prayer

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should satisfy Salam research roots hatha Salah are six conditions. And these are by agreement by the way, these six conditions are agreed upon. So she wrote Sahaja Salah, the six conditions that we talked about, what did we What did we talk about last time, and we said these are conditions of validity, not conditions of obligation, because if you have the conditions of obligation, then you will add three more Islam blew up, Islam blew up. But Beluga is not shazza has only a certain condition of obligation. Because a child that is mama is that is discerning his Salah is valid, but it is not obligatory on him. So but Islam, maturity and sanity are three conditions. These are

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conditions of obligation, we're talking just about the conditions of validity, and we said that they are six and last time we talked about some of them. And we said the first one of them is what dimension of time. And this is a condition of validity and obligation at the same time, because before the time comes in salon is not obligatory, and if you pray it, it is not valid. And so it worked is the first one and the second one that we talked about last time was what

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we then yeah, this was Yeah, this is this is a second but not in the order of the book. We'll do our part our ritual purity is the first thing in the book. But we didn't talk much about will do, because it's it's like everybody knows, you know, you have to have will do you have to have her to appearance. And there is not much controvert controversy on this.

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So these are the two that we talked about last time, we still have four, four, unfortunately, we will not be able to cover the forum, we will defer three of them until next time, because covering tower is pretty complicated, it's pretty dense.

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So we will talk about it with some detail and comparative also we mentioned the Hanafi, Maliki and xiaofei positions because this is an issue that is often controversial and the data

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what will be the three remaining ones that we will not cover today.

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Instead of in the desert, about a pimple on the it's the novena data which is avoided mprt avoided mprt and avoided impurity reverse thought Muslims don't have to be obsessive and go out and clean the whole world. You know what you're required to clean his garment body and your place of frustration. It is a good thing to clean your home. But it doesn't mean that if there is you know some blood in the kitchen or like people in in the old days they have also livestock and they have donkeys and so you don't have to clean every part of your home. What you need to be be sure that you're that you have clean and that you keep clean as your body your garment and your place of

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prayer. So it's the novena just applies to three things avoiding impurities, applies to three things body garment and place of prayer you don't prostrate on

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them

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step by table are facing the Qibla would be number five and number six would be Nia which is the intention and he kept it for last because it should be fresh when you say Allahu Akbar to be the last thing that you invoke, and should be fresh when you say Allahu Akbar covering the hour. So 233 Mountain pedometer Himalayan his book along the

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mountain Kodama died in which year 620, after hedger 620 after hedger.

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He said a sock to Salus Central, our habima lirc full Bashara.

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third condition covering the hour with that which does not show the complex be malossi for basara with that, which does not show that complex, so it is not see through. So whether you are male or female you're

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Yours your your garment should not show the complexion underneath the complexion of the hour underneath that applies the males and females then they will have some other conditions and sisters Please forgive me there, you're gonna have a little bit more

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sort of had a little bit more conditions and regulations and restrictions in this particular chapter or this particular part.

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But you know, there is no need to be like upset about

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it is

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Allah subhanaw taala is fair, that's what you have to keep in mind and Allah subhanaw taala distributed the burden of tech leave equitably between women and men, you have to really trust that he did hazard

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so so they would ask the sisters to also cover

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the silhouette, basically the outline of the body, not only the

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complexion, the color.

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Then they said, Well, our two Roger Nabina sarathi are broke by the hour of the man is between the navel and the knees.

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While our Roger Bannister broke with our neck of the man is between the navel and the knees.

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A few things that we want to mention here, the hour of the man is between the navel and bunnies, that is by

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agreement that all the four emails, say that the outer of the man has between and when I say by agreement, keep in mind that the word agreement I'm using it for defect, not for email for email, use the word consensus. So by agreement,

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particularly the for authorized views in the method in the form as if it is between the navel and the knees, knees are included only in behind the females

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knees are included only in the Hanafi method not included in the other massage. So for the other amaziah

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the knees are not included are not part of our so men can show their knees. Keep in mind that when you go out with your wife, or when you go out with your sister,

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and she's all covered, or you know she only has her face and hands uncovered, and you're wearing your shorts and here

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is a repulsive site. If for for the vast majority of people here, this is a repulsive site, they are used to

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conservative people like their

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their vision of conservative people will be Amish Mormons, this that Mennonites and those people they will have the women covered and they have their men also pretty decently covered.

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Don't basically just take care of negativity in their hearts and minds.

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The profits of our settlement, the companions, we're not walking around insurance, we're not walking around, you know, with shorts above their knees and tank tops, the way they know they were not. So in this case that that image is is a repulsive image, it is repulsive To me it's not repulsive to just, it is repulsive to me, if you're walking with down the street with your wife or sister, and she's all covered except for her hands and face and you're wearing your shorts, that is a repulsive image and I'm telling you it is repulsive to me make you know it

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just

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to the people, you know the particularly in our society, that is extremely repulsive. So to be that does not mean that if you will go to play basketball, you cannot wear shorts and no you could wear shorts. In this case. If you're going to play basketball, you could wear shorts, it could be down to your knee. If you don't want to cover your knee and you say that the majority of scholars that are that's fine. You know, I would wish for you to cover your knee so that you're here okay even according to the man behind you. But if you want to say this is the position of the majority I don't have to cover that is fine.

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Keep in mind also that when people say but if you don't cover your knee, you're running the risk when you move or that more of your silent show.

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I don't agree with that rationale, I don't even agree with that rationale with women. And even in the mouth app, it is permissible for women to wear.

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When when the sell off talked about showing part of the art, many of them meant that if she would have to move and show part of her arm that is natural, the fact that all of them have a button

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that all of them afforded the button, that is not even

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reasonable to think of that all of them during the time of the Prophet and the tablet afforded to have a button at the end of their sleeves.

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The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, you know, when a man asked them about the covering power, and wherever that was wrote what will be shown. And, you know, put, you know, button your reader, which is the upper garment, even with a sword or shotgun, it means that, you know, things were very sparse during their time. So if the sister is wearing this, she does not need to need to wear something underneath it. So that if she moves her arm nothing shows at all. You know, my my, you know, my family, they like always to wear something.

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They don't people don't need to have to do this. If she has her sleeve, not too wide. Certainly if the sleeve is this wide, and she does this and all that no one will say that that's okay. But if this leave is not too wide, and she moves her arm this way or that way, or does this and something shows, then that's fine. The same applies to wearing

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shorts down to the knee. They don't need to cover the knee. And if someone is playing basketball, and a little bit of the sideshows, that's fine. But if you want to be cautious, and you want to be where don't demand the water of everyone, don't demand water of the people. Be as far as you want as cautious as you want. Don't demand a lot of the people around you.

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And in so the outer of the man is between the Netherlands and ease is this by consensus, not consensus because in the Hanbury mess up the hour of the man in the lead, sort of the weaker report in the meth lab, or the weaker view of the meth lab is the private parts only the genitals and the bugs.

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So short shorts, in that position in the mouth would be permissible. The thigh is not our and the disagreement that have the disagreement over this comes from to Hardee's more, but two would be the enough to summarize the disagreement 100 is reported by Bukhari in which the prophet SAW Selim was sitting with Abu Bakr and Omar and had his thighs uncovered in front of a record an honor. And don't don't tell me they are his father, fathers in law, because that's inconsequential father in law is inconsequential to the man.

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But you could say they're trustworthy man, you're absolutely trustworthy man.

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But he had his thighs uncovered. And then one last man walked in, he covered his eyes and this famous statement that the Prophet said that as the human president, this document will America should not be shy of a man

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of whom the mother aka the angels are shy. That you know this famous statement about hospitality along with the melodic are shy about man for the 11.

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So the prophet SAW seven covered his thigh when a man walked in. And when he was asked about this wire, you're uncovering the first of a worker armor and not covering a knot and covering in front of us, man. Is this because of man is less? No. He said, No, it's absolutely not. And he made this statement to make it clear that this man because man is less than an armor. In fact, it is because of a version that Matt has, which is his Hyatt is

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not extreme extremes or was a bad word. It is his great modesty, his great modesty and as a matter of interest that he went on molech should not be shy of a man of whom the angels are shy

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because then we have another audience that is also authentically reported where you know, it's not at the same level of authenticity.

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But it is reliable and these were the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said the alma mater was reported also from others

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yamamura got the feedback is a Kaffir in phakisa, our Yamaha marotti fizika, final takizawa hamama cover your size for the thighs or our thighs around. So cover your size, size or our any of you want to reconcile between those two bodies, there are very different ways of reconciling between them. Some may say that in front of men

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in you know, he said this the moment outside so if you go out in the street, you want to cover your size, but if you're in front of men, you may not cover your thighs. That's what the prophets of Salaam was doing in front of Abu Bakr Omar and that is a way of reconciling between the Hadees some of the other scholars and that is the vast majority that is the authorized position position of the forum as I have they said about the fact that like half an hour is explicit on the size being our so we go by this explicit and the fact that the profit was uncovered at this size uncovered in front of Abu Bakr and Omar This is why I enter this is an incident that has to be understood within you know,

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certain contexts and so on.

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But the general general demand of his own map is what he said to mama is variable or tradition. What he said to mama rot effectively cover your thighs. So certainly, like if you want to walk into the masjid with your thighs and cover it and say that there is a valid position here that

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you bear the consequences. I didn't say anything to you

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don't mention my name

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next to this you know with when it comes to the the hour of the man next to this Allah subhanaw taala said you have any other Moto Z moto command equitymaster rakudo snowboarders reefer now in Lhasa, and serrana a lot of who Children of Adam,

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adorn yourselves for these aliens in either come adorn yourselves and the quality must

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admit to the scholars during the prayer here in the quality mastered by every message it meant to the scholars during the prayer. So during the prayer adoring yourselves so the province of a lot is a man with with the dress up for the prayer particularly for the Jeremiah and particularly for that he's dressed up for the prank. He wants to dress up for the prayer as much as you want. Dressing up does not necessarily mean that you wear the commies or you wear something like this or if you're dressed up. If you're wearing a T shirt, reasonable t shirt, reasonable trousers or pants, khakis, whatever you are considered a dress

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because this is a valuable investment.

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This is the common dress code for the people of your time and your locality your place.

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But, but at the same time if you want if you're just coming back if we have a group of kids that came back from nine Olson or they came back from a basketball tournament and they walk into the mess of in their shorts and their tank tops, you don't need to chastise them and

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you will encourage them if they're coming from home you want to encourage them to dress up you know to wear something that is formal, semi formal, you know even casual but but not necessarily shorts, not tank tops and just to show respect to the master. However, you don't do this with a kid that's coming in for the first time. You don't do this with a kid that is basically that you're you're talking to for the first time you build the bridges first and then if you have this if you earn their confidence then you could say something to them.

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but close enough the commando equity method is applicable here and you want to dress up for the prayer. You want to be decently dressed for the printer. Does this include the cap here no in the 100 females have this cap is it is not what it is recommended. It is not what according to the three other mazahub they consider the cap whatever cafe aware, they consider this to be a cultural practice in the medic a chef humbling method, they consider the cap to be a cultural practice.

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Not necessarily part of the sniper, obligatory nor recommend. So if people walk in without the cap, don't look down at them they're fine according to the three must have ended also fine according to the Houthi method, there is no obligation to Erica, it is only a recommendation in the Hanafi

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Do we need to say anything about men,

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shoulders will come for men later in the discussion,

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title tightness, thank you. So men who wear tight trousers or tight pants, is that acceptable?

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It is annoying, but it is permissible.

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It is permissible

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hypno cadaver Amala and you have it in the book I mentioned the anatomy and much more unethical than men normally. And this is basically the position of the forum as I have that men do not need to hide the outline of their bodies, they need to hide the color of the complexion, not the outline of their bodies, not the outline of their body. So five trousers will be acceptable, even though it is inappropriate, you know, and you do want to sort of show more respect.

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But we're talking about the very tight trousers here because some people will also we're not talking about the trousers that everybody dresses, we're talking about the very tight trousers, those are the ones that aren't somewhat inappropriate, even though they're permissible and this is valid according to the 40 minutes Yes, shirts like that. Come on for sure. Sure, t shirts and stuff.

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No everyone ever everyone would need to make sure that there are our no one should intentionally be showing that our during the salon. So they need to make provisions for that that there are not show for a significant portion of time during this salon intention

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or for any time intentionally for anytime, but unintentionally if it shows unintentionally few major provisions and your our shows are intentionally for a short period of time and the Salah here slide is valid here Salah is valid. So that is why all their women for instance, you don't need also to torment them about their hour if they're just it is just too difficult for them to keep track of like what is and they're just praying leave them alone if they come into the prayer with you know with

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decently covered and things show for older women and stuff they you don't need to really chastise them if the armor unintentionally shows for like periods of time not the whole privacy periods of time power I intentionally chose it's fine

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it does not invalidate your prayer

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then the CF moved right into

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the women what our

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walk of faith and the entire body of the free woman is outta except for the face and hence the entire body of the free woman is outright except for the face and hands.

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Then the hand bellies in particular the sort out the hour in salah and our our at another

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this the honeyberries make a distinction between the hour in the salah and the hour in another looking you know what would be permissible. And then the ham bellies themselves disagree How about another Does it mean that a man should not be looking but he may cover her face? Or does it mean that she should cover her face as she goes out so that men are not looking?

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When it comes to the salon when it comes to the hour in salon. The hour inside the salon. The four imagines agreed that the woman should cover the entire body except for the face except for the face.

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The majority added to the face that is Maliki's m shafia is you will not find this in the book. The majority add to the face that is Maliki's and shefa is

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And Harry report in the Hanbury must have the hands in another report on the company must have the hands need to be covered only the face by agreement should not be covered in the salon that is in the absence of foreign men in the agree on this.

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In the Hanafi madhhab they added the feet

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they added the feet so, face hands, feet may be uncovered in the Hanafi madhhab. face, hands and feet, some of the righteous predecessors and added some of the arm but that is considered by the latter generations as as a position or

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an oddity. Yes.

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Indeed the absence of foreign men.

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They all agreed that she should uncover the face.

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Yeah, they agreed that the face would be uncovered in the absence of foreign

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presence of poor men. We will discuss it when we talk about the outside of the salon. Is this clear and Salah

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if she is praying at home, she is uncovering her face. And she should uncover her face. I'm not saying most I'm saying she should uncover her face. If she is prayed at home and in the absence of foreign men.

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Hands according to the magic isn't sapphires hafeez medikidz shaft is an important embedding method, she would uncover her hands as well. Feet according to the Hanafi method

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or opposition in the hanafy method that seems to be the authorized

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the dominant view clear outside of the prayer outside of the prayer.

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Many people say that whenever they talk about are particularly the supporters of the obligation of niqab or covering the face they say whatever they talk about the our ensalada not talking about the outer of woman outside of the prayer there is specifically talking about the power of the woman in Salah that may be to a certain extent valid in the belly method, even though there is a disagreement in the Hanbury method. Whether

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this is a valid concept or not, but it's not a valid concept outside of the Hungary method for the hafeez, Maliki's and shaeffer is that talks about the obligation of covering the face of the latter generations within those mazahub they were not talking about the face being part of the hour, but they were talking about obliging women to cover the face due to the corruption you know the different times and the corruption that prevailed and so on and so forth. They are not confused about us in Goldsmith's there is no confusion. Who ever in the latter many generations of the Hanafi, Maliki and saffron scholars who are required covering the face, they were talking about,

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obliging women now that it is obligatory By Allah, oblige, obliging women that are a little fitness susceptible is very hard to block the means the evil to cover their face because of the corruption that prevailed in their times. They were not saying that these were obligatory, the ultimate feels live in the origin of Revelation.

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What makes people think

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that there is the there is a distinction between that there is our end salon our outside of the salon, but there is nothing in the revelation that says that there is an hour ensalada is different from the outside of the salon. There is nothing there is something in the revelation that talks about women in a harem not covering their face.

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With the club not in my head. But there is nothing in the revelation about the distinction between our and salon outside of the salon likely there is no distinction. The outer insula is the hour outside of salon what makes what creates some confusion sometimes is that some of these colors talk about our two salon, where our two lovers, the hour in salon and the hour of another have, you know neither side by side

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so when it comes to the hour

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And

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then some of the, some of the contemporary scholars who interpret interpreted the word out at another to mean that women should cover their face and hands.

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But in reality, at least in my assessment, how what another is is the mean that a man should not look at the woman, not the world that the woman should cover her face that the man should not look at her face.

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If we consider the face to be our mother, it means that the man should lower his gaze, it does not mean that the woman should cover her face,

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color of clothing, she can wear any color.

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But outside of the prayer, if we want to be a little bit, if we want to report the position of the Messiah,

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we will say basically,

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h m s plus a one

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or a two, and you could choose for yourself, I am not even going to call call it

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small a.

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It seems from what I said that it is a small day.

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But it is not as small as

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you could say it's a one or a two, they say

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whole outside of the pray, hold but

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face, hands hands.

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And let's put next Ah, let's put

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h

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two

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heads an h1 and h2 are equal. It's just that I I am unable to figure it out. Because they're equally strong within the mouth. But each one

00:32:02--> 00:32:03

when say,

00:32:04--> 00:32:24

home, face and hands and feet. That's h1, that's the hanafy position that I call h1. h1 is like h2, these are two positions within the hanafy method. All but the face enhance all but the face,

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hands and feet. Now a one or you could say a two if you belong to this group

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when say

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oh,

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that's it.

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She covers all

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and within the Hanbury meth lab you find that there's this agreement and sometimes it's hard to determine like, you know, intellect now which is an authoritative book in the hands of somebody method. He said, Oh,

00:33:00--> 00:33:15

no Kodama and and he says, He sides with this and he says that the Roger females have been that this is the way they are position our method but he can cover the she can uncover the face and hands and Medallia off

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sides with a man he also says Elon was working fine, except for the water and can find that they can be uncovered. Is this clear? This is outside the salado clear. Yes.

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And yes, it's in the street. This is industry.

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But we said

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we said that there is something called our to Naga, which means that men should lower their gaze.

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And in this case,

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the fact that they are allowed her time covering your face does not mean that you are allowed to look

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and here is the disagreement.

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All of them agreed that a man should not be looking at the hour of a woman who is non man, except for a valid reason how valid reason here would be

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the outcome of a woman

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testimony,

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you know,

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in the court.

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Now, none of

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this will apply to her face. Why do you need to look at her house for testimony

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but medical treatment, but extend the medical treatment beyond the sort of traditional conventional for you know, conviction or perception that this is about the physician. It is about also people with disability because nursing is part of the medical treatment.

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During the time of the Prophet, they did not sort them out. You know, this is a physician, this is a nurse, this is this. So Marty and I, ah, and all of the people who were by young people that were went out to take care of the wounded and so on.

00:35:15--> 00:36:02

That You Can you call them physicians, nurses, they are physicians, they are nurses, like if you call them, and it does not have to be a registered nurse either. If she is LPN, that's fine. If she is like an assistant, it is all nursing, caring for people with disability, even if you're not others, even if you're not a nurse, but you are the caretaker of a person with a disability, an older person, a person with a disability, all of this must son, you know, clear the eggs implicitly in the method belongs to this category of valid reasons to uncover our adventure that needs to be uncovered. We should be we should always continue to be respectful

00:36:04--> 00:36:05

to the concept of our

00:36:06--> 00:36:11

but the cover the hour that needs to be uncovered, to take care of these people,

00:36:12--> 00:36:13

is warranted.

00:36:15--> 00:36:19

So this is a matter of agreement, okay. Now,

00:36:21--> 00:37:19

to look at the face, and to look at the face, particularly the face here, would also be by agreement, permissible for a valid reason to look at the face that's in court. That's for testimony. And that's for confirmation of fears trading during transactions and so on to confirm the identity and the transaction like even in financial transactions can for confirmation of identity and these things. So that they agree that looking at the face would be okay in this case. But what if there is no reason to look at the face? They all agree that looking at the face, accompanied by lust, or the fear of fitna would be impermissible. All agreed. all agree when they they, they When did they

00:37:19--> 00:37:20

agree?

00:37:22--> 00:37:23

No reason.

00:37:24--> 00:37:26

No last?

00:37:27--> 00:37:29

No reason to look you don't need to look

00:37:30--> 00:37:33

no right must no fear of fitness.

00:37:36--> 00:37:48

Put those as the three conditions before we discuss this disagreement. There is no reason to look, but at the same time, there is no loss. And there is no fear of fitna

00:37:54--> 00:37:58

By the way, they consider education to be a reason to look

00:38:00--> 00:38:02

education, even the hand buddies who

00:38:04--> 00:38:14

have the stricter position they consider education to establish some level of eye contact with the students between the student and the teacher would be a reason to look.

00:38:16--> 00:38:26

But if you have no reason, no lost no fear of fitna then they disagreed and you will say that a plus

00:38:27--> 00:38:28

s

00:38:31--> 00:38:31

two

00:38:33--> 00:38:34

or s two one

00:38:35--> 00:38:45

you know is the hardest thing you have well it is not as small as these when I say has one has two it means you know they are comparable equal

00:38:47--> 00:38:51

a plus s two said no he should not look

00:38:53--> 00:38:55

he is only entitled to the first look.

00:38:58--> 00:38:59

No looking

00:39:04--> 00:39:10

age plus m plus s one

00:39:11--> 00:39:17

plus small a sad it is okay to look

00:39:21--> 00:39:22

okay looking

00:39:25--> 00:39:27

in my diary whose hand belly

00:39:30--> 00:39:36

sad whatever Lydian is on si rupees Amana CMM JIRA

00:39:37--> 00:39:46

said that this is the only suitable position in our climate, especially with one's relatives and neighbors. That it is

00:39:48--> 00:39:50

that this position would be

00:39:54--> 00:39:56

unsuitable in our clients.

00:40:00--> 00:40:25

Particularly when you're speaking to like a, like, particularly non Muslims, because Muslim Muslim sisters, well, you know, she was so strong, she would recognize you're doing this, she would say, Well, he's performing, he's acting or he's being pious, she will figure out where you're coming from. You could be any one of the above, you know, so, but she will, she will cut your slack.

00:40:26--> 00:40:43

You know, you know, he's being hypocritical, he is being pious, but she at least knows that where this is where he's coming from. But people that are a society, they basically perceive the lack of eye contact as a form of,

00:40:44--> 00:40:51

you know, he's really not saying the truth is not comfortable. But what he's saying, you know, so that's why is not looking.

00:40:52--> 00:41:00

And in this case, establish eye contact, for that purpose may be a valid reason.

00:41:02--> 00:41:11

But these callers are saying, even without a reason, keep in mind that you're looking even without a reason, if there is no last or fearful, it's

00:41:16--> 00:41:17

how many benchmarking

00:41:28--> 00:41:35

pens varies. So there is no it is extremely subjective. But that is why, you know,

00:41:36--> 00:41:38

Corona syndrome is ultra Hina.

00:41:41--> 00:41:50

That's why you're going to be a correlate son, an unsung hero of European knows color will give you like a definition that is waterproof.

00:41:52--> 00:42:04

It is when you feel that you should not be looking because you're here feel so you feel unsafe, if you let your heart because it's it's unsafe.

00:42:05--> 00:42:19

And that varies with your level of loss with your age, with the person that you're conversing with their age, their sort of

00:42:20--> 00:42:44

their beauty as well. And although this is politically incorrect nowadays, but but yes, the folks have talked about the Alberta in Alberta, and even bambury say it's fine to look at the partisan partisan is the woman who is all out. But aside from Bruce, like she is how to

00:42:46--> 00:42:47

stand up.

00:42:48--> 00:42:49

Like she is no,

00:42:50--> 00:43:01

no, another thing was in that sense, model barza is, you know, like back home in our countries, women who stand in the street and sell parsley or something.

00:43:03--> 00:43:05

That's a stereotype Egyptian stereotype.

00:43:12--> 00:43:25

She's out in public more often and she is not, you know, like, yeah, yeah. So that woman is okay to look to look at her. Even confetti method.

00:43:27--> 00:43:27

They say

00:43:33--> 00:43:33

that's what

00:43:35--> 00:43:38

we're trying to be here politically. But they

00:43:40--> 00:44:29

women that are out there, you know, a woman that says parsley in the street, and you go and buy personally from her and you're acting like, What if she isn't like really a beautiful lady, a beautiful young woman, then you want to be careful also. But, you know, so it is subjective, it is subjective. But if you're not hearing anything in your heart, if you're not feeling anything in your heart, or if you're feeling preemptive towards her, which does not mean that you should feel safe as a human being who all human beings are. But oftentimes, you do feel prideful towards people that are not your children. Like there are certain sisters that are now young women that I find extremely

00:44:29--> 00:44:59

hard to call her sister so on so because it would look pretentious. I call I call them by their first name. I saw them when they were four years old. I taught them per ad when they were three or four years old. Now some of them are physicians, you know, by just can't call them but I can't call her sister. I can't really pretend that because this thought that she that I am uncomfortable around her is very uncomfortable thought because no she is like my daughter. She

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

You know, she grew up

00:45:03--> 00:45:34

in my master's, I taught her grandma, she's three years old. So now to pretend that this is really like a source of fitna, for me, it would be pretentious. I know she's not really speaking to her like my body, that does not mean that we overstep the bounds. Still, she is not my daughter. It is still haram to have Cardwell, which is in our private seclusion or whenever

00:45:35--> 00:45:41

that we will not, that would not be acceptable. But at the same time, if I'm seeing her in the mustard,

00:45:43--> 00:46:13

she is this little kid who grew up now she is all grown up. But she is a little kid, I know from the hallways, you know, but I will talk to her, I don't find a problem calling her by first name or first name. And you have to you have to be a little bit more genuine. Because when you're acting water, it becomes very uncomfortable. And it even makes you think

00:46:16--> 00:46:17

in that way,

00:46:18--> 00:46:46

when you're a pretentions, you start to think in that way that this is actually a source of fitna for me, I'm not I'm not finding your source of failure. Because of the age difference because of multiple things. Still, there is no hardware because Allah said that and Allah did not say for the sources of fitness, there is no hardware for the non sources of fitness. They know Allah they didn't make that distinction. And we keep the bounds of Allah subhanaw taala all the time.

00:46:47--> 00:47:01

But at any rate, this is this is the so called the hour at another and you have you now have an idea of our daughter mother. It is even if you say that the face of the domain showed her face.

00:47:04--> 00:47:06

You are not looking according to these

00:47:08--> 00:47:25

combating one shefali position you're looking without lust. Without fear of fitness. According to these Hanafi Maliki safaree. One weekly report them back on buddy.

00:47:32--> 00:47:33

Yes.

00:47:38--> 00:47:41

If a woman is in her house by herself,

00:47:43--> 00:47:44

it's time to pray.

00:47:45--> 00:47:50

Does the silhouette is that still part of the criteria for this

00:47:52--> 00:47:55

method where the law and pants

00:47:56--> 00:48:06

the pants do not show the silhouette if you have something on top of that particular the Euro particular a particularly if it is down to the knees,

00:48:07--> 00:48:25

or like a little above the knees or but at least it covers the lava. lava. If there is something on top of the pants, the pants do not show show the silhouette of the white pants. white pants are such a garment well with a top that that is coming down to the knees that does not show the silhouette.

00:48:28--> 00:48:30

But tight pants shoulders.

00:48:31--> 00:48:40

so tight pants are not a good thing for women at all. Unless you're wearing tight leggings underneath in our garden, that's all going

00:48:55--> 00:48:55

to take

00:49:04--> 00:49:17

women who are public figures, keep in mind the bar design is not a public figure. The bar is a is a woman. That's all that's all that's out in the street all the time. It is a word that is not particularly positive. By the way.

00:49:19--> 00:49:45

It is a little bit negative. You know that the word barza is a little bit negative within the context within the strappy context. This is a woman that goes out all the time that's out in the street or the surfaces. But it does not mean that the woman that's setting it up in the street could not be the most pious woman it could be 200 times more pious than you. It just it just means that this is a woman that's out in the street most of the time.

00:49:47--> 00:49:47

But

00:49:50--> 00:49:59

why should because she needs her. Even the ham bodies even the cadaver says the AMA had a third he like us he was here for

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

barrier

00:50:02--> 00:50:17

barriers era where the adeiny philosophy or law would confine it a lack of the author because she needs to show her face for Beyonce era for confirmation of identity during transactions and her her hands for Africa forgiving and taking

00:50:21--> 00:50:23

that's the rationale for them.

00:50:30--> 00:50:31

No does not mean

00:50:33--> 00:50:38

Sarah saying that the teachers should it should be incumbent upon the teacher to cover more

00:50:40--> 00:50:41

RAM covered

00:50:44--> 00:50:47

plus, while you could you could say that

00:50:49--> 00:50:51

it does not mean that it is an incumbent

00:50:52--> 00:50:58

rationale, it just means that it is sort of a reasonable ration. You could say

00:50:59--> 00:51:03

that's why I have seven theory and others is to

00:51:04--> 00:51:06

stay fully covered.

00:51:08--> 00:51:08

But

00:51:11--> 00:51:15

okay, so when some love is open mouths open. Oh,

00:51:16--> 00:51:20

no, we can do this. Why did they do this?

00:51:22--> 00:51:26

times over it was one Salafi 1000 masovian are during Passover lamb Casa salado

00:51:28--> 00:51:34

whoever prays in a garment or a house that is wrong wrongfully seized. Can you give me 10 minutes.

00:51:36--> 00:51:49

Okay, hold on Salafi. COVID matsubara matsubara salado? Well whoever prays in a garment or a house that is wrongfully seized, his prayer will not be valid, his prayer will be invalid.

00:51:51--> 00:52:27

That's an oddity of somebody's mouth. That's a peculiar position of the confetti method. That's a position muffaletta method in microdata must have is that praying that is not praying only in a in a wrong group wrongfully seized the garment if you pray in a hurry a garment if you pray in a garment that that is made of gold, or silver, if you pray in Ms. rwk, store and garment. If you pray in a garment that you purchased to buy haram money, your saw is invalid. All of

00:52:28--> 00:52:38

that's particularly scary, right? They get scared. So and if you pray in a place that is wrongfully seized, stolen, anything

00:52:40--> 00:52:41

doesn't apply.

00:52:42--> 00:53:32

Like the water itself. Yeah, mental muscle. Yeah. But if you make will do in a house that is not suited that does not apply, because the space that you're occupying is not a prerequisite for Judo, to be valid. But in the Salah, the space that you're occupying is a prerequisite for a lot of eval, because you can't make Roku and stand up and prostrate unless you own that space. If you're doing this in a space you do not own then the very require that you have been commanded to do is haram because you are occupying now a space you do not own. And then you rise in and then this space that you're occupying now, the space now that you're occupying his home for you to occupy. So you're

00:53:32--> 00:53:42

very, you're very subdued, is forbidden, because it is forbidden for you to occupy this space that you stole or wrongfully seized.

00:53:43--> 00:53:54

Then your Salah is invalid because you are occupying a space that you are forbidden to occupy. Now, that garment that you wear that covers the outer

00:53:55--> 00:54:30

like covers the hour is the garment that will ruin your prayer invalidate your prayer. If this garment is stolen, wrongfully seized, purchased with haram money, it is going to invalidate your pray. If you're wearing a cap that is wrongfully seized or stolen that does not ruin your prayer because it does not cover our same applies to sex. Same applies to sandals. They don't invalidate your prayer because they are not covering the hour they are not basically fulfilling a prerequisite of the prayer.

00:54:34--> 00:54:59

The rest of the Messiah will consider you to be a sinner but they will validate your prayer Hanafi Maliki Shafi they will consider you to be a sinner certainly are a sinner if you stole the garment if you aren't fully sees that if you purchases with hot our money. If you run the occupying a space that doesn't belong to you, you are a sinner, but they will still validate the prayer. They will say that there is

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

figure

00:55:02--> 00:55:27

and behind values will say there is a had Jeremy's direction infragard means separation and to have means union union between the directions meaning these things intersect each other these two directions intersect each other meaning there is inter dependency inter dependency, the hand berries are saying that very active record

00:55:28--> 00:55:44

is forbidden because you are now occupying a space that is haram for you to occupy useful uses that this house is not yours, you came and took the house by force, you're doing this now, this is the

00:55:45--> 00:56:14

rook movie, this is the theater that you are demanded to perform. This is the exact action that you are forbidden from because you are forbidden from occupying this space of air because it is our house is not yours. So, that somebody say there is a there is interdependency, you cannot sort this out from each other. You cannot basically undo the tie or

00:56:17--> 00:56:24

separate them clear there is no dependency between the forbidden and the command.

00:56:28--> 00:57:11

Okay, and then he says we'll observe you on how to use mobile friendliness a donor really learned how to decoders relies on the Los Alamos courier has any Hamada Korea material in as he loves. wearing gold or silk is permissible for women but not for men unless there is a need based on the statement of the Messenger of Allah regarding golden silk. These two are forbidden for the men of my nation, and lawful for women for the women. So a woman could certainly do this, this discussion is irrelevant. She could pray in her ear. She could pray in the Hub's pray, whatever she wants, but for a man, it would be impermissible. What if the man is wearing that hat here?

00:57:13--> 00:57:37

That will invalidate his prayer according to the honeyberries. No, because but if he's wearing a garment that is woven with gold, that invalidates his prayer, because he's covering his hour with a forbidden garment, but gold here that doesn't mean it's not covered under our it's not, you know, is

00:57:40--> 00:58:31

it is haram for men to wear gold. And to say that it doesn't invalidate the prayer to wear gold. Because not every haram thing invalidates the prayer according to the Hungarians. According to the movement in Johor, nothing was invalidated of these things. But according to the honeyberries they're saying if you fulfill a prerequisite sir or rock pillar with a forbidden action, that rochen or SAR has not been fulfilled. If you made will do with haram water, you have no clue. If you cover it the nakedness which is a condition of validity with a haram garment, your nakedness is not covered. Because the garment is hot. That's the Hanbury rationale, but wearing get ringu Gold ring

00:58:31--> 00:58:41

is haram everybody agrees for men, but it does not invalidate the prayer because it is not required for the fulfillment of Iraq nor Russia.

00:58:42--> 00:58:43

Okay, so

00:58:45--> 00:58:50

wearing gold for men unless the goal is Is this why

00:58:51--> 00:59:04

island which is Rica is sort of a which is basically lightning. If you have like a woolen thing and you have a little bit of sail

00:59:05--> 00:59:09

for lightning give us one thing and it's not wider than this.

00:59:10--> 00:59:13

neckties would be considered datum.

00:59:14--> 00:59:39

It is okay if you're wetter by the cotton ones, but it is considered it is not considered an independent garment it is considered like an island like an additional accessory. And that would be permissible if it is not wider than for the then for and some of the Hanbury said the whole cast this but anyway there is really not wider than this.

00:59:42--> 00:59:48

But but but you don't have to trust me and if you want to practice what are by the content, ones that are counting ones aren't there

00:59:53--> 00:59:59

and harder the need the need and this is one of the things when you hear those scholars say this is for me

01:00:00--> 01:00:13

Support for harder This is permissible for how do you think these scholars are making these things up, and they're just like succumbing succumbing to social pressure or societal pressure for it is not true. hador is a

01:00:14--> 01:00:25

basically a it features in all the physical books in all the chapters, it's a constant of Sharia that exemptions are made for the Prophet himself exempted

01:00:27--> 01:00:31

from the prohibition of wearing silk because they have an itch.

01:00:32--> 01:01:09

You know, having an itch is not such a big deal. But wearing silk will make you a little bit more comfortable if you have an H, the ham bellies and you see the combat ease. When when the MC extension is extrapolation. They use Heckman in addition to the island, when they say that you use the MPs use the headline effect of course not the Hikmah the objective behind the or the wisdom that is not always true, is not always true that somebody is used the heck man in the extrapolation or in their ontological deduction all the time. You know, another myth is well, where do you find the

01:01:10--> 01:01:42

permission of combining for the sake, the prophet never said sick people are permitted to combine the prayers, but they took this from the hardship. They said that their hardship is equal to the traveler equal to the woman who is having bleeding all the time. Therefore it's okay for them to combine that that is not the end but that's the hegman that is the wisdom behind the legislation here that somebody is also saying explicitly, that if you want to wear sell, for to avoid cold

01:01:44--> 01:01:49

weather or hot weather, that this would be permissible. If If those

01:01:50--> 01:02:25

haven't done now, I have this as a patient provider but you know, you don't have to hesitate to buy them. But those are undergarments that are made of silk today, some people say that they're very good in cold weather. The undergarments are made of so it is fine. In the 100 he doesn't have to wear those because they provide functionality that is not present in other types of fabric. And at the same time people are not wearing them for ghosting and people are not wearing them for excessive

01:02:26--> 01:02:38

luxury. If you wear undergarments made of silk for the you know to protect you from the cold. You're not being excessive. You're not being both boastful.

01:02:40--> 01:02:44

On Solomon original fees have been way ahead Babu allotted he has

01:02:46--> 01:02:47

whoever if,

01:02:49--> 01:03:31

if he only finds enough to cover his eye, if a man prays in one garment with one part of it on his shoulders, then this will suffice. Because the prophet SAW Selim said for men lives on the African fulfilled rapidly Salafi men who say, holy Salah atapi say, The Prophet said none of us should pray in one garment without anything being on his shoulders. So you don't pray only in trousers. You don't pray only in his arm, you have to have something on your shoulders. That's what the prophet SAW the lions are themselves clear. So you don't pray in one. But you can pray only in one Connie's because her shoulders, so you have to cover

01:03:33--> 01:03:40

your shoulders. Woman, some women are rigid, or once over on Southern seminary Japheth have been bottled water out of here.

01:03:41--> 01:04:03

If he only finds enough to cover his hour, he should cover it and if not enough to cover all of it, he should cover the two private parts, and if not enough for that he must cover one of them. And if he has nothing to cover with he should pray sitting and must not for his bowing and prostration

01:04:05--> 01:04:12

he will not face anything and he will not bow and he will not prostrate he will not because he wants to cover his hour.

01:04:13--> 01:04:59

If he prays them then gets permissible. One who can only find an impure garment or an impure place may pray edit, and he does not need to make up the prayers later. Which tells you that covering the hour takes precedence over removing the impurity tells you about the importance of covering down if you have one garment that is naturally impure. And that's it. That's all you have. You wear it and you pray about it. And you don't need to worry about it. You're good. Why? Because despite the fact that they are both conditions of validity are prerequisites if we will have to put them in the order of importance. Covering the hour be more important than him.

01:05:00--> 01:05:03

moving, moving your mprt

01:05:04--> 01:05:05

and

01:05:09--> 01:05:09

we don't have

01:05:11--> 01:05:12

portfolios