Fiqh of Worship #17 – Conditions of Salah

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Hatem al-Haj

Channel: Hatem al-Haj

Series:

Topics: Salah

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

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from the last

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video,

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then Saba will talk about the conditions of the prayer. And this would be an exciting topic because we have talked about some exciting conditions.

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Like I said,

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I told you that in the email, right, that we may not be able to cover all the conditions, because it's such like a complicated, detailed chapter. So we will be probably able to cover three of the conditions and leave three for next for next Saturday. And when we come back next, Tyler, they will cover the three remaining conditions. And we'll cover also the chapter of the advocates of walk into the prayer, how that would must be at a salon because it's a smaller chapter.

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I like to finish one chapter at a time, like in every section, one chapter, but this particular chapter, and he just can't finish it in one time. So Java will finish half of it and half of it will do next Saturday, along with a small chapter of the advocates of walk into the prayer, but must be at a salon. And let's see if we can do this because oftentimes, I found myself unable to pace myself and

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if it works, works, or it doesn't, then we can take more sessions to cover what we need to cover.

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When we say the conditions of the prayer, So, notice the conditions of the prayer, what conditions are we talking about? Or do we have one the type of conditions

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or more than one type of conditions, we have two different types of conditions we have sort of a harsh truth or do we have conditions of validity and conditions of obligation, all of these rules for instance, did not include

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you know, being Muslim ban of art and highly metal Hydro and effects, the you know, all of those who deny could be Muslim saying

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ballad postpubertal about saying Muslim, you know about we talked about this, about saying Muslim, who is not in a state of height or the past menstrual who had menstruation or postpartum bleeding, where are those conditions, we need those conditions to those conditions are called conditions of obligation, not conditions of validity. If they are not present, the Salah is not obligatory to begin with, we don't need to talk about anything because the Salah is not obligatory to begin with. So, all of these are conditions of obligation about saying Muslim, in not in a state of heightened affairs, all of these are conditions of obligation, but because of the nature of salah and Salah be

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in a time rabada you will add one from these conditions to the conditions of obligation, which is the commencement of time, this one is not only a condition of validity, it is also and most of the discussion, you know most of these things, most of our point out the difference between numbers I have when we come to controversial issues, but most of these discussions are universal across the river. So the the condition the commencement of time, you is does not only operate as a condition of validity, but it also operates as a condition of obligation, because the Salah is not obligatory to begin with before the five comes in. There is no obligation, no obligation on you to pray as long as

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the time of loading does not come in. So out of these six conditions. This one is a condition of obligation as well. But what about ritual purity? What about this and No, these are not conditions or obligation. you're required to have those things you don't wait for them. you're required to basically have ritual purity and remove the impurities and Facebook they blur and cover the hour and invoke the intention to bring the intention to the fore to stand out in the you know, bringing the intention

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to the floor to invoke in the intention, okay, so now we know the difference between conditions of validity and conditions of obligation is not clear. And this applies to all die by that, and you will find the certain conditions across the board, you know, except for him very few applications, you know, his adult seen most of them. Sometimes like the cat, for instance, we have the controversy over Zika for you know, in the money, you know, children, and so on. But this, this step does not mean that the children are being addressed, it means that they're guardians that are being addressed by the obligation of the county to get this guy out of their money. But generally speaking, consider

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these to be universal conditions of validity about, say, Muslim, Muslim belegarth. And these are conditions of obligation.

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Why do they always say Muslim, and then when they talk, and also the fact that they tell you that, you know, the majority tells you that the non Muslims are also being addressed by the obligations, that's a different story, because in atonia,

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they are not bound by these things we do not require these things have in common and Farah, when they go back to a law, they will be asked to nominate somebody COVID name, and I'm not going to tell them on the scale, they will say we will not have the Muslim leave, and we did not use to feed the hungry. But that is an acomodar. Farah, it does not apply to the rulings of the dunya it does not apply to the dunya we do not require it. of them. Therefore, they sort of consider Islam to be in effect, because they're more practical, you know, for perhaps about practicality, we're talking about the dounia. Here, we're talking about the dunya. So, Islam is a condition of obligation, even

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though they are being addressed according to the majority by the details of the Sharia, and they will be held accountable for failing to abide by them and comply with the details of Sharia.

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So, these are two different types of suit or conditions conditions of validity conditions of obligations. So how would you would do would be obligation

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answer would be validity.

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When we talk about the conditions, you know the the word soft itself What does the word What does a sharp to me conserved means a prerequisite

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something that necessitates something who's okay.

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So, males among other male other models, a man who God he will do tomorrow

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okay. So, something that something whose absence, absence necessitates absence of the ruling or absence.

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This is it necessitates absence, which is absence of whatever there's, you know, that, that hinges on it. So, I have prerequisites of Salah, the absence of a prerequisite means that the Salah is absence, what is absent here, the validity for the obligation. So, the absence of a prerequisite necessitates that whenever it hinges on it, whatever is dependent on it, here it is, we're talking about the Salah will be absent, but the presence of a prerequisite means what means nothing.

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It means nothing. It does not mean that there is Salah, there is a valid Saba, and it does not mean

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that there is no doubt it's a lot. So, if you have ritual purity, did you pray, No, you did not pray. So the presence of the ritual purity does not mean that you pray, and it does not mean that your saliva, the saliva is invalid, it just doesn't mean anything. But the absence. Absence of ritual purity means your Salah is invalid

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means your size into this definition would not sort out truth from our camp the pillars of the prayer. This condition does not differentiate between showed that conditions, prerequisites and our can, which are the pillars of the prayer

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and that so you will need to add something to this day.

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finish of the shot.

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And the last thing that you would add men who are who may or mechanic's attitude may hear with it is not part of the ibadah itself, because that will differentiate between the shot and the rotten rotten in Salah is what the

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you know standing, reciting and Fatiha called these conditions of validity or are can

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Why can't you call them conditions of validity is the Salah valid without standing and without reciting your Fatiha?

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Well, it's not valid. So why can't we call them a conditions of validity because they are part of the Salah itself. They are you know, it's like your arm, it's part of you. These are pillars of the Salah, there are parts integral parts of the salon, we call them our care, whatever does not belong to the salon is outside of the salon. But still

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a prerequisite for the validity of salon without this Alize invalid just like dark and without this is invalid, but outside of the salon would be cultural. All of these things are

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the limbs of salon, parts of salon are not. They're not they're not parts of salon, you know, they are not the limps of sorrow, they are not the subdued and rapport and in the factory and so on. So there are outside the Saba which one that this color is disagree over being open or

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the intention. So this one only, so the majority

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agreed with us. Or we should say we agreed with a majority because we came last. So the majority agreed was the Hanbury view that Nia is a shot that is Hana fees. And most of the Maliki's

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some of the shaft, the shaft is disagreed among themselves whether they button the matamata in the matter is that Nia is a recommend money as a pillar in the shaft.

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That is the authorized view in the web, even though some of them disagree. Some of the magic is sided with them. But the authorize the view in the Maliki method is is what according to His is the same view of the majority, the majority which is Hanafi, Maliki and combat he said what Nia is a shark. And that applies to all of the I bet that this agreement is applicable to the majority of it, I bet that with a me as a shark or

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the surfer is or most of the shafa is the authorize the view in the safaree method, is that the NEA is Iraq. How that the Okay, so, why did this fit say that he has an opening, because according to this alpha is the Nia has to hate a company that could be addicted to heroin, then he has to accompany. So it is not that you would have done a year from before. And you will drag it with you with us plus him, he will keep it, drag it with you, you will have it instigated from before and then you will drag it with you know, then he has a company that can be edited. So you know, you will have when you're making tech videos that you are fully cognizant of your need, which is brain

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fart

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you know, I pray for our cows, the hunger has afforded

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an old sore, you know, in time, so, that that may lead to not all of it is is is our opener, but but this is what is prescribed to be aware of we're cognizant of, when you're making the worry firms will tell you that they should do this. So if you say Allahu Akbar and while you're saying Allah,

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some of the scholars felt that this caused so much obsession to the, you know, to the practitioners to the you know, this halfway followers and they try to loosen this and they try to say no, you could actually have it from before and keep it along.

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Because I didn't do any of those collars. Because really to have the knee full to be fully aware of your knee, have the time of the tech be accompanying that like Viagra may cause some people a little bit on obsession.

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When it comes to the knee, and you do see, particularly in predominantly Shafi communities, you do see a lot of people hesitate when they make the tech beer because they just want to make sure that their knee is all there that they are aware of their knee and then as only anyway, so it has a difference of between a condition and a pillar. And the reason why no Kodama put in a as sharp to number six, or the six six condition is that even if somebody must have you want the knee to be fresh, when you're making the tech VIERA here, Nia has fresh, he wants to bring it to the fore to invoke the right before you make the thick beer. And he wanted to be fresh when you're making the

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tech Kabira. So that since it, it comes right before the beginning of the slide. So, he kept it for last as the sixth condition. First thing he said.

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And then some other time, we will talk about the the other like terms and sort of like that could come with a shark, usually like a man on StubHub and so on the hindrance and the cause and these things, we'll talk about them some other times.

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So, I'm going to put down here started this chapter,

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conditions of the prayer by saying what he has said they are six, harder, harder, harder to win and how does the coda Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam masala

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so you could see the exact wording in Muslim in the footnotes like bamboo allows a lot I had the comb after that. So, he said

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the first is very ritual purity based on the statement of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam no prayer is valid for the one who has ritual impurity until he makes one. Now one, no prayer is valid for the one who has ritual impurity until he makes will do this was reported by Muslim from NaVi hurayrah not the alarm on Do we need to discuss this? This is you know, straightforward. A group consensus No need to discuss this if you don't have will do you don't have solid

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compass you cannot have auto in Hana how many Muslim if you cannot have them and if you cannot make them you do what you pray as is no boo to them.

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Okay.

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Then he said

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assert to 30 and what we're up to 30 mins early Sam's era Aeneas era then locally, say in mithila.

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The second is the commencement of the time, the time of the noon prayer is from the time the Sun reaches its zenith until the time when the length of an object's shadow becomes equal to the length of the object itself.

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Let us draw the picture that you have in your book. Let's draw it because we will explain why we all disagree like we want to explain why we all disagree about two prayers.

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Not asked because this hospital isn't established this agreement from before, but mainly Asia and fetch Why do we disagree about the time of Asia and fetch? Why do the calendars disagree concerning the time of Asia and so he's the one

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can save here started by Salafi. Why did he start the base a lot of luck. Because when gibreel came down twice the lead the Prophet sallallahu Sallam by the caliber as a term is very important that first day he came, he prayed at the beginning of the time and the second day he came, he prayed at the end of the time and he said the prophet SAW someone walked to the NBA, main public, this is your work and as I walk up to the miracle, this is your work, this is your these are the earth timings and the timings for the profits before you. So

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the first prayer that he prayed was which prayer look. So every time the scholars talk about the times of prayer, they talk about love. So that is that is the first prayer when it comes to the prayer times okay. So we will start from here. That is the vote. So this the sun

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The sun is perpendicular We live where do we live? Where do we live? We live here, you're here.

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That's you.

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So,

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yeah.

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So, the sun is here. And if the sun is perpendicular on the earth, then that this is the time for God. So, when the Sun reaches its zenith, that is the time of the

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okay.

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But how do you define this time? How would you actually figure it out figured out that this is the time for now, you will figure it out by your shadow, but by your shadow or the shadow of any object. So if you have any object standing like this

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is not going to stand right.

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So if you have any object,

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this this is an object, you look at the shadow of this object, the sun is now perpendicular. If the sun is perpendicular on Earth,

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there should be no sharp right whatsoever. Zero so but that rarely happens happens in Equatorial areas in the summer, because the sun is really perpendicular, but there will always be a little tip. And that tilde causes the shadow to become extremely short, but the shadow never vanishes, there is always a shadow. Unless you are in the summer lesson not on the summer, electorial areas, but in the spring or fall in the equatorial areas, when the sun is completely perpendicular repairs, and the shadow may completely vanished in this case, but in most areas, in most places, there is this still the because the it's a globular in shape, the Earth is globular in shape. So, even if the sun has

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come up like this, there is a little bit of a tail to them the shadow becomes short, but it does not become it does not completely vanish. So, then when does the time of lower comes in, when do you know that when was the hurricane man, when the shadow became became becomes the shortest it could become and then starts to get longer. Once it starts to get longer, then this you know that this is the time of you know that the sun reached here and started to move away from this see this just by like like a couple of seconds, the sun moved away from the zenith, Zenith because that is how we figured that the towers loaded came in, the shadow starts to get longer after it became very, very

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became the shortest it could become in the area where you live for after it bounces if you live in an equatorial area.

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Okay, so this is the beginning of the time of the Buddha. This is when gibreel prayed the first day, let the prophet SAW Solomon salata, Florida the first day, and either an iOS 11 locally, say in Missoula.

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For the time of the noon prayer is from the time of the sunrise plan, the Sun reaches its zenith until the time when the length of an object's shadow becomes equal to the length of the object itself. Because that's

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because five of us according to the medical chef is at hand Belize, when the shadow

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when when the shadow so this is the stick that we have on the ground here. And this is the shadow of that state, okay. Now, this channel is equal to the length of the state

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equal to the length of the stick, what time is this lesson five hours. However, you also need to add the shadow that was present at the time.

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Which, you know, so you need to add the shadow that was present at the time.

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So this is one type of answer comes in.

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When there's, you know, the shadow is equal to the object in addition to the shadow that was present at the time of God. And that is when the time of asterik comes in. First of all,

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the first moment of look, that shadow that was present, which is the shortest shadow

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throughout the day, the shortest shadow throughout the day that would be factor then, in in these two prayers, the shortest shadow during the day.

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Once the shadow

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Have the object is equal to the length of the object plus the shortest shadow that was present during the day, which was, which is the shadow that was present during the time of vote, then that is the time of us. Keep in mind,

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you think it's boring because you have your iPhone,

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you know, where we're actually using this

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wearable part of the scene, we were using our offside concession because many of the scholars would require you even older, not contemporary scholars and don't obsess about it and don't go out and you know, every day and look for the sun. But, but in the past, you know that you really need to rely on yourself. People even discussed whether you could rely on them as in you need to rely on yourself or

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report from a trustworthy source, how to import from a trustworthy source and the answer is a trustworthy source.

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But you really needed to rely on yourself to figure out the times of the prey or wherever you are.

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According to the parameters of this car is of the past this iPhone thing would not work. But let me tell you about what we were saying that last hour now.

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You know, that it would not it would be too hard for the people to say otherwise or to require the people more than this to look up their calendar in their iPhones or whatever calendars we have.

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So this this topic, you should really have some understanding of it because let's say at one point you're camping and you don't have your iPhone handy or you there is no signal or something then you need to figure this out.

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So here's the time of Austin foster began here is there any overlap in the month have between the time of Logan and Tomas no there is no overlap, it is like as sharp as the sword. So this is the this is

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the thunder Thor ends exactly when the time boss starts Okay.

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Now, so that time of us basically we have we will have this

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here and this is the shadow.

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Okay, here. So so.

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Okay,

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this is the shadow, this is the shadow of the state. And this is the shadow of this thick. So though this is the time of the Sun started to move this way towards the west, okay, the sun reached this point. And now the shadow is equal to the length of the object that we have on the floor or the ground.

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This is fine. We'll vote according to the Maliki's sapphires and ham bellies, time of book

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that upon the time to ask and according to the HANA fees, they will wait until

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the shadow is twice as long as the object until the shadow is twice as long as the object this becomes the time of us for the canopies. Okay

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don't have a lot of disagreement over the you know, the actual time for thought on us particularly vote because that you don't even this is not Islamic stuff. This is it could anyone can tell you this. The Sun reaches Zenith and watch so it is expected you don't have a lot of disagreement about the time of mercury, right?

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is when the sun dips down and you don't see the sun anymore. So this is the time of a magnet appear. So here is the sun.

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It went down and now you can see the sun years standing here you cannot see the sun and there is no disagreement here either. But

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okay, so let's not do that. Let's follow this

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madiga Shafi Hanbury for them us starts when the shadow of the object is equal to the length of the object.

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The height of his would wait until the shadow of the object is twice as long as the object twice as long as the object

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Okay,

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So then he said, What to lasry when he was an F in Iraq to vote, Iran phosphorescence thermals have worked with Dr. Webb come up to the Aurora bureau bishops, the time of the afternoon prayer, which is us, which is the middle of prayer. And that is

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that's an agreement within the Hanbury method that the US is the middle prayer that's mentioned in the Quran, Africa was selected and was promoted to equality.

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So the middle prayer is the US.

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He says the time of the afternoon prayer hours, which is another prayer is from the end of the time, until the sun turns yellow, then the time of preference ends and the time of necessity lasts until sunset until sunset, when does the sun turn yellow? Like around here

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when the sun is here,

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the sun loses its shine and turns yellow,

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yellow sun

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you could say that this is like

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people can give you all different kinds of

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explanations here.

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What do you suggest when does the center hear

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how long before magnetic

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cables are multiple factors but let's say what half an hour it would be called b a b to b okay. So,

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then once the sun turns yellow, the time of preference is over.

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Actually it is the time of option not the time of preference because the time preference is at the beginning of the time. And then you have clocked in at the time of option happen till the sun turns yellow. And then you have Dr at the time of necessity you really really could not pray asked him before this. So it's okay until the time of mercury. What why why do we have these different times?

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Because obviously a selective Octavia the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said what are

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the best leave before Allah? Allah is this Salah, you know, on time, you know upon the commencement of the time, and that applies to all prayers, except for certain cases voted on an Asia vote in certain cases. And I said,

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but the other prayers they need to be prayed. They are it's preferable to be prayed on time. But why did he say that the time of option and by the sun becoming dl because we have a certain group of our hobbies that we work with and in terms of the times of the Salah, one of the most important hobbies is this hadith that is reported by Timothy and others as well.

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Where the debriefs pride where the profits are summed up two days and he told you the time is between these two times. In the first day gibreel was told to pray when the shadow became as long as the object itself the second day gibreel pride when the son became

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the Prophet the prayed with the prophets of Salaam when the sun became yellow. And he said that the time for you when your own mess between these two, first day and the second day. But we have a hadith from the prophets of Salaam, where he is

00:34:03--> 00:34:51

maraca Nakata middle class a couple of integral with some psychedelic Eros Hadees diploma, whoever catches he Raka one record of Alaska before the sunset, he would have got lost, he would have gotten lost. So that's how these tells us that has the time extends all the way to admit it. But the hadith of utter misery tells us what that you should not really defer it beyond this time. You know, once the sun becomes yellow, that this is my crew, to defer us until the sun becomes yellow. It is really my crew and the closer it comes to sunset, it becomes more makrooh. to defer. Alas.

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Is that clear.

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So the time of us according to the majority begins when the time when

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When the steak reaches when the shadow reaches the length of the object, the time of the

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option to pray or time that you can lose these say the time preference isn't there, the Sunday comes yellow, the time of necessity is ends when the sun sets, when the time of magnet starts

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in masajid, where you have mixed community of canopies and shaft is just prayer us through the heart of it. I mean, because if you sit down and you argue and debate the issue itself, and well you know who's right and who's wrong, that is really not conducive to much harmony, in, in such communities. If you play it at this time, you should be fine. According to everybody, like you're, you're asked to be modest, you're asked to be valid. According to everybody. In India, you know, the Hanafi members of your mustard are flexible enough, and it's not such a big deal for them, they will be okay. And they will tolerate the position of the majority, many of us are here because that's the

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preferred time for us to pray on time to pray to pray terribly. So this is preferred. But if you have members of your community that would feel sinful if the follow that position and the field that we're praying honestly before the hospital time, then for the comfort of those members

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keep last had the hanafy time so that everybody feels okay and comfortable about their hours, but easy,

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we can actually mitigate much of our differences this way is just not a big deal. would you advise

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not to pray

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in between those two times like the time where and many Hanafi scholars do this out of water because the majority of scholars consider this to be the beginning of the plan loss. So they do advise their followers to praise only before this time

00:37:21--> 00:37:22

then

00:37:30--> 00:37:41

No, it is based on reports that HUD is considered weak but you know, then you should just go back and

00:37:42--> 00:37:44

read the heart of every bottle of this

00:37:47--> 00:37:51

anyway moving right along the

00:37:53--> 00:37:56

the matter of time, you know Yes.

00:38:04--> 00:38:06

Part of the vote

00:38:08--> 00:38:10

he would mention this or not.

00:38:16--> 00:38:40

Probably doesn't mention this, okay. So the time of love the time of the Okay, so every salon salon means the salon time so when the time comes in, you need to pray. That is the default because the prophets of Salaam was asked about the best deeds before Allah, Almighty Allah Most Beloved deeds, tala and instead of Salah

00:38:41--> 00:38:53

okay. So, in certain Salawat there is a there is an exception, and so often, there is an exception when it is too hard to fit.

00:38:55--> 00:39:17

In if it is too hard, then the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said they do the bizarre fishes that are haram and fake it and it you know, meaning the first over until it cools down if it is too hard, because he is from pray for us from

00:39:20--> 00:39:22

the transmitted heat of

00:39:24--> 00:39:29

so that have renewable meaning the further until it cools down,

00:39:30--> 00:39:59

fishes that harm to worry if it is too hot. That is an exception that is agreed upon by the scholars that if it is too hot, that you defer the vote until it calms down. Preferably, if you pray in some time, your prayer is valid, but preferably you defer. Why is this because you want to be together when you're praying you do not want to be like frustrated with the heat and in

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

Just

00:40:03--> 00:40:18

you want it to be in the best condition that you could be in. When you start your prayer. That's why you should not pray if you're hungry and you should not tell you eat and you should not pray if you need to use the bathroom until they use the bathroom to get to yourself and to be in the best condition

00:40:19--> 00:40:27

during your prayer. So that is for the, for Isaiah, Isaiah hinge center.

00:40:28--> 00:40:36

At all times, it is preferred to pray Alicia the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to him,

00:40:37--> 00:41:08

of Mati when he deferred Asia to the end of one third of the night, at the end of the one third of the night, sort of the late hours for Ian Potter report to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, at the end of the one third of the night, or one half. So the preference for Ayesha is to be deferred until the end of one third of the night. How would you calculate one third of the night? If Margaret is at 6am?

00:41:09--> 00:41:10

Yeah.

00:41:11--> 00:41:13

Yeah, it should be at 6pm.

00:41:15--> 00:41:17

And Father is

00:41:18--> 00:41:41

let's say 6am. For ease, Father is at 6am not going to bed at 6pm then what is the night 12 hours? What is one third of the night 10pm that is four hours, one third? Four plus six from 10pm what is what what is midnight 12pm.

00:41:42--> 00:41:50

And it doesn't always happen this way. It's so midnight is not always 12pm 12am. But you get it anyway.

00:41:52--> 00:42:07

So then ASAP prayer in particular, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam recommended that we prayed at the end of the first third for the first half in one hobbies and one report omnisphere or the for the for the first half.

00:42:10--> 00:42:51

But the Prophet used to pray that the beginning of the time because he feared that the firm it intimate in congregation was the hardship for his own, and peoples who were already fallen asleep waiting for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to come out to pray. So he felt that this would be hardship. So when he was praying it at the beginning of the time, but if someone will pray I sat at home At home, when they have the leisure to defer it until the end of the first one third of the night, then it is recommended for them still to do that and defer it because that's the best time for

00:42:53--> 00:43:14

what is the other time that that you do not or some of us do not pray at the beginning of the time, fetch would be the only time the only other time that is not that is preferred to be deferred. According to some of us, Maliki chef razor Hanbury spray fetch at the beginning of the time,

00:43:16--> 00:43:22

clear hafeez prefetch closer to the end of the time, as Pharaoh will fetch

00:43:25--> 00:43:31

an artist or album would it would you read the report from the Prophet where he said has Pharaoh been fed

00:43:33--> 00:43:49

as far as brightness has fewer open federal was understood by them to mean pray fetchit when it is bright for in the morning God come for you it is more rewarding to pray faster when it is right now

00:43:51--> 00:44:05

the mannequin Sharpies and confetti say as Pharaoh been friends, that thought mean pray factor when it is right. But it meant make sure that factor had come like ensure that the time is in

00:44:07--> 00:44:22

ensure that the time is in like that light that you see. Make sure that you're seeing that light and that light is the true fabric cannot the false felt. Some of it said as Pharaoh bill fans remains.

00:44:25--> 00:44:36

Pray like long prayer, like a lengthy prayer. Where you start with a prayer began us

00:44:37--> 00:44:59

when it is dark, and he come out of the prayer when it is bright. So some of them said that it meant lengthen your federal prayer. Make your predator prey prey robust and healthy. Come out of your federal prayer when it is bright. Like keep praying until it becomes a bride that is

00:45:00--> 00:45:08

What has fear of adventure meant to the American chef and 10 buddies because they have knocked the bar

00:45:09--> 00:45:30

reports for you know collected reports from the profit and loss Madhavi that they used to pray Feds been others can be somewhat unfettered or others they use the prefetched when it was dark. So that's just another this agreement concerning the time of

00:45:32--> 00:45:39

fed but generally speaking, the default is that it is the price of the beginning gap the time

00:45:42--> 00:45:42

window.

00:45:47--> 00:45:49

There is no issue when Patrick comes in

00:45:51--> 00:45:55

that never agree on the commencement of time have felt

00:45:57--> 00:46:15

that this agreement and recommend some time of factor is not as happy this agreement is a astronomical disagreement. I felt like a disagreement not enough happy disagreement. We'll come to it now. It looks like we're not going to even finish.

00:46:20--> 00:46:22

Okay, so

00:46:25--> 00:46:43

where the done was asked, okay, magnanimous easy. Well, after happy rip, Ilana, Viva Sapa por la ma. And the time of sunset is until the red color of sunset disappears. Until the redness in the sky disappears, I actually have a picture of this.

00:46:48--> 00:46:50

I have a picture of both.

00:47:08--> 00:47:10

Anyway, I'm not gonna find it.

00:47:11--> 00:47:11

But

00:47:12--> 00:47:14

at the time of, you know,

00:47:16--> 00:47:25

the beginning of the market is no disagreement, nobody's disagreement disagreeing over the beginning of February to be clear, when the sun says the end of the time of a magnet.

00:47:28--> 00:47:45

There is a little bit of math heavy disagreement here. By the way, in the end of the time of a magnet, there is a little bit of metal heavy disagreement, but most of the disagreement is astronomical, the beginning of the time of the disagreement is purely astronomical phenomena of habitats agreement

00:47:46--> 00:47:53

okay. So, the sun keeps on going down this way or you know, so that no one you know

00:47:55--> 00:47:59

chastised me for for this the hairs rotates

00:48:00--> 00:48:01

this way

00:48:03--> 00:48:05

okay. So, the sun keeps on going down this way.

00:48:08--> 00:48:10

And then it reaches here

00:48:12--> 00:49:02

that the prophets Allah seven, seven Hadees that the mazahub agree on, what the mega mega mega be seven. So the time of Maverick is until the Safa that will light this appears that will light this appears shuffle for life, this appears. Now, what is a chef that is when they start to disagree. So, the Maliki sapphires Ambani service suffered is the redness shafique The is the redness in the sky. Once this redness disappears the orangey red color in the sky. Once this disappears, there will be piano across the sky

00:49:04--> 00:49:59

some whiteness, you call it perpendicular to a theater It is obvious that it is the white to a light so there is a you know across the horizon there is there is this light or there is this lighter, lighter color than the rest of the sky. You agree? Okay that having these wait for that whiteness to disappear matagi shafa is 100 daddy's wait only for that redness. After the sunsets Don't you see like redness in the sky, you know across the horizon. The medical surveys are companies are waiting for that redness to disappear. They don't really care about the whiteness that comes after the redness they don't wait for that to disappear. The hierarchies wait for it to disappear

00:50:01--> 00:50:18

Therefore, there's a little bit of disagreement most of the HANA fees. Here are the follow the more in this time, the book is most of the calendars are particularly in North America, where convenience becomes the arbitrator of all of these issues.

00:50:19--> 00:50:20

People aren't even months.

00:50:22--> 00:50:27

People are even thinking of not waiting for redness to disappear, to get over with.

00:50:30--> 00:50:31

So

00:50:34--> 00:51:26

but why do we have disagreements beyond the business heavy disagreement when it comes to the beginning of a type of operation? Because this angle, this, because we've depended on the iPhone, we depend on calculations. And these calculations will have basically to figure out at which angle Do you see this angle? You see, this is the sun at the time of sunset, and then the sun kept on moving, moving, moving, at which angle between this horizon and where the sun is now, at which angle? Does the time of Asia begin. And there are multitudes of research out there. Sometimes it is the focus. And sometimes it's the astronomers. But in all honesty, the focus should take a step back, and let

00:51:26--> 00:52:14

the astronomers figure this out. It is not your business, your business is basically to tell the astronomers, this is what it is, that is what we want you to figure out. But figuring out the angle itself, has not the business of the juries. And to basically stick their nose into this is inaccurate is inappropriate, unacceptable. Just let me take a step back and let the astronomers figure this out. Tell them we're looking for the red to a light to disappear. Figure out for us, when does the red light disappear? The proper angle? The problem is, this is not only dependent on the angle, this is also dependent on your altitude, this is also dependent on the conditions of this

00:52:14--> 00:52:32

car. So basically to say to all people all over the world, the angle is 12.5, which is the the smallest they ever talked about, or 90, which is the widest they ever talked about. So

00:52:34--> 00:52:47

to tell them, it's 12.5, it's 40. And it's for 14.5 is 15. The angle in Canada is different from the angle in America, the end of the New Jersey is different from the angle in Texas. So what do we do here,

00:52:49--> 00:53:32

we just figure out a reasonable angle, a reasonable angle, and try to factor in you know, the difference in altitude and so on and so forth as much as we can, we will unfortunately have to disregard the conditions of the sky and some other factors and figure out a reasonable angle and just go by and agree on it. And then you you go by this because sometimes sometimes you come to the point where you say last hour NASA provided you that nothing would suit the people other than anything else will be a hardship undue hardship.

00:53:35--> 00:54:00

So that that's that's the ID that is why we disagree. And that's why you have the esna and you have the oma Cora, and you have the Muslim League, and you have the Egyptian whatever this or that you have all of these calendars can what they disagree over is what angle should we you know, should we use to calculate the time of patient.

00:54:01--> 00:54:05

Okay, so now we're done with the time over the

00:54:06--> 00:54:22

initial start. No, we're done with the beginning of the foundation. It just starts when that will light disappears. What is that worldwide? Maliki Shafi hum belly the red to alight, Hannah hanafy the white to allied health.

00:54:23--> 00:54:59

And then that's when the Asia begins. When does the Asia and when does the Asia in the Asia ends? For the honeyberries at midnight, this is midnight. Midnight is our is opposite to resolved. Okay, so this is midnight. This is midday. This is midnight, midnight, is when the time of Asia comes out for the hand baddies up until the cold this looked at the Aurora This is the time of necessity. This is it.

00:55:00--> 00:55:18

Have an execute to differentia past midnight. You're forgiven if you have a compelling executes. But this is a peculiar Hanbury position. The other Messiah have said that the time of Ayesha goes all the way up to the time of fetch

00:55:19--> 00:55:38

were good this disagreement come from the disagreement comes from two hobbies one hobbies the practice of sunset will walk to the beach and 11 positive light and the fiber of Asia is up until up until midnight is up to midnight that to the clear, how do you thrive

00:55:40--> 00:55:54

authentic like it could you know as much as simplicity can be and then the Prophet also said when laser namita flip in the metaphysical female taraka

00:55:55--> 00:56:01

free to taraka salata hut yet follow up to salata.

00:56:03--> 00:57:02

There is no negligence, in sleeping, that negligence is when you do not pray until the time of the next prayer comes in until the time of the next prayer comes in. That you do more. That's hafeez Mary keys and shefa is harder his medic is a chapter is when to buy this hubbies there is no negligence in sleeping the negligence is when you don't pray until the time of the next prayer comes in the hand very seldom that this hobbies have been already specified, because the fed the time of fetch goes out by consensus at Schrock at sunrise, not, not the time of prayer. So this has been has been specified. Since this hadith has been specified that generality or remove Yadav, that

00:57:02--> 00:57:10

generality becomes weaker. And then we will go by the other Hadith of the prophets of Salaam where he said, walk to a shop

00:57:11--> 00:57:17

at a time of a chef is up to midnight, that you mourn. They go back and rebuttal this

00:57:18--> 00:58:15

by saying that this is where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said the time of the prayer is up until the time of the next prayer, or for which it means that the time of the prayer goes out when the time when the next prayer comes in. by consensus, we execute that we agree we exclude that by consensus. But then the generality remains the generality remains of this Hadith, applicable toleration applicable to all other times except what has been excluded by consensus. Then we have this other Hadith where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said the time of Asia is up to midnight, can you hang berries want us 100 east or give sort of more authority to one Hadith, which is the time of

00:58:15--> 00:58:43

ISIS after midnight, we want to reconcile between the and we find that the better way to reconcile between those two hobbies is to say that the time of Asia is after midnight means the time of preference. And it goes all the way up to fat as the time of permissibility the time permissibility goes all the way up to Frederick. But the time of preference comes out at midnight.

00:58:45--> 00:58:48

You see everybody has their own way point.

00:58:50--> 00:59:50

But anyway, so by agreement Hanafi Maliki Shafi and hum vary by agreement to the altar you pray I shall before midnight, right? They all recommend that for you. The difference is if you don't pray it if you don't have a legitimate execuse and fail to pray it and it is past midnight, that honeyberries would consider you to be a sinner have a peace medic ease and sharper ease. When Kinsler used to have missed the preferred time. But they do not consider it as sin then, okay, then this then the sun keeps on this is the sun here keeps on moving, or the earth keeps rotating. So the sun is moving, moving, moving, moving until this time here, when you start to see the light of the

00:59:50--> 00:59:59

sun, not the sun itself, that will light reappears that will light that was present after the sun went down.

01:00:00--> 01:00:50

We still, we were still seeing the light of the sun, that when light here, it is the opposite phenomenon, we are seeing the light of the sun before it comes up before the sun comes up. So this is when the sun rises, there's a sunrise here, the sun came up, you are actually seeing the sun itself. But from this point, you are, if you're here, you're seeing the horizon, the light of the sun that is about to come. And that is when the time of fed comes in. There is known as happy disagreement and fat. But there is astronomical disagreement. This angle, just like this angle here.

01:00:51--> 01:01:34

calculating this angle makes us disagree. And you have the different calendars. And every calendar has a different time for fed, go by the calendar that the master your master uses. consider this to be your calendar, go by it. And don't ask any questions just go by. Because really, it is beyond you. To figure these things out is beyond you. He wants to be cautious, that's fine. don't require the people to be cautious and to leave like a margin of safety or here that just be if you want to be cautious. It's fine for you. But if you go by the calendar of your master, you should be fine.

01:01:42--> 01:01:43

Okay, wait.

01:01:46--> 01:01:49

It looks like we're out of time. So

01:01:59--> 01:02:05

quickly, we'll just finish this so that we at least finish the condition of the time will take five minutes.

01:02:06--> 01:02:53

He sent off the federal investigator to last than the time of February is from from that point, when you start to see that we're light until the rising of the second dawn, he they talk here about two factors. When the Sun reaches here, you may start to see a little bit of a light effect here. This light effect will not be across the horizon like this will not be across the horizon like this. It may be like this. That's why the Prophet COVID is an opposite hair. It's the tail of the wolf. It is it is not all the way the feather is when you see the light all across the horizon.

01:02:55--> 01:03:34

biters are horizontal, not vertical, not vertical. If you see sunlight coming out like this before fat that is vertical. This is not the hand or the tail of the wolf. This is a feather gathered. This is the untrue fed. You wait until the light is all across the horizon. And that's when the time of fabric comes in. It goes out by agreement when the sun rises, who is out by agreement. When the sun rises, he says woman kabara the Salatu public Raj worked here for cadabra human capital Sati Kabbalah coup de Vaca Raka

01:03:35--> 01:03:36

whoever

01:03:37--> 01:03:58

he who makes the key of saying the opening allow Akbar for the prayer before its time ends would have caught it wouldn't have caught it. So, you know, once you say allow accubond you can't you're in the salon. And if you say Allahu Akbar before the time comes in, you would have caught the Saba.

01:03:59--> 01:04:23

The one exception the honeyberries have about this, you know is is German, they require you to catch Barracuda in German to have caught the Duma. So they require you to actually catch one record, not just to say a lot longer, but generally speaking the honeyberries will tell you, you catch the reward of the Chimera, if you say Allahu Akbar before the Imam says

01:04:25--> 01:04:29

you catch the time of the prayer if you say Allahu Akbar before

01:04:32--> 01:04:59

if you say oh I better before the time goes out. You catch the prayer with some theme if you're traveling any venue say a lot, but behind the theme behind someone who's president, then you should pray like a resident if you save a lot of flack about before he says his saramonic So, so if you say you catch the word, you catch the Salah, but the only thing that you don't catch and that

01:05:00--> 01:05:23

The position of the vast majority of scholars as well is that for Juma, you did not catch the the Juma. If you did not catch one rock on, how would you catch one rock I can barely mess up by catching the record. So if you came later than the record of the second document in JAMA and ballenas have you prayed so?

01:05:24--> 01:05:25

It's not German?

01:05:28--> 01:05:28

Yes.

01:05:31--> 01:05:32

Then

01:05:34--> 01:05:40

Then he said, was Salah to try and walk through them in laughter he said after he said that he had

01:05:42--> 01:05:59

no he finished his brain at the beginning of the time is better except for the last night prior. Which means that the last night prayer first night prayer is negative because you prayed at night. Last night prayer is cancelled when it is

01:06:00--> 01:06:08

excessive when it is excessively hot. just forgot to mention that magnet goes out for a dramatic ease and shafa is right after

01:06:09--> 01:06:56

the time for magnet goes out for the monkeys and sapphires a few minutes after a learning moment. So for the shuffling is allow you to pray to records and then you will get right into memory. The magic is do not even allow you to pray the two records. magnifying for them is sort of minutes as Anna Marie is there, and you must pray right with halophila and honeyberries. They would recommend for you to pray Maverick early because because Have you thought for the for the age and others for the set that we used to walk away from the method of prayer with the prophets of Southern and we will we're going to still be able to see where where our arrows for where the arrows fold. So if you

01:06:56--> 01:07:14

shoot an arrow, you'd still be able to see your arrow falling. It means by agreement Hanafi Maliki Shafi Hanbury, he wants to pray magnetic has currently as you can, so like if you make a van, you pray to rock us according to the sapphires.

01:07:17--> 01:07:31

And then you pray the Maghreb and that's it. This is the preferred time for a hammer. These are hand bellies thin say that it is permissible to defer Maverick all the way up until Asia

01:07:32--> 01:07:45

Maliki's and shafali say it isn't permissible. For them the time of mercury is limited to that time of the prayer sapphires would allow the sooner medic is would not even allow you to do

01:07:50--> 01:07:50

anything with it.