Channel: Hatem al-Haj
Series: Hatem al-Haj - Fiqh of Worship
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Today inshallah we will discuss the chapter of a much harder
chapter of wiping the leather socks and other socks footwear in general and headwears with bandages.
let's start by saying
and this is basically the breakdown of what we will talk about today. So, we will talk about
what to wipe over definitions of socks, you know,
which are non leather socks, rulings, have a description of the socks that you could wipe on,
duration of wiping, expiry of wiping period.
If the traveler becomes a resident or resident becomes a traveler, which which is connected to the expiry of the
wiping period, this is
and then wiping over turban turbans, and headwear in general,
and conditions, the prerequisites when can you wipe
and sort of casts and bandages splints
and then wiping for women on hijabs that will be the last.
it is permissible to wipe over leather socks. So far, put a consensus bar next to that sentence. Because this is by consensus about
leather socks you can wipe on by consensus of ourselves
and whatever resembles them.
Now we get into some controversy
or whatever resembles them like thick socks that say on the feet and shoes that reach above the ankle bones
thick socks that stay on the feet and shoes that
reach above the ankle bones. So he said we must put a woman as a woman meaning as
thick socks, Hello, beautiful edomae that say on the feet?
Well, Jeremy lucky to Jerry's world cafe can
the shoes that are the treach above the ankle boots, have boots, boots, etc.
So this is all in the case of the minor ablution no one would make was in the songs, you know, people usually take up their socks to make us
but if you decided that to the tomato pasta in your socks, it is a just in case someone.
So now we will talk about the ruling. So the ruling in terms of you know, in terms of the wiping down leather socks, we said that this is a matter of consensus, a matter of consensus the profits also non white on and hookbait.
Now to some definitions, when he said whatever resembles the leather socks, like the thick socks, let's say on the feet while walking.
And that gets us into the disagreement between the sellers over wiping on socks that are not made out of leather that are not made out of leather. Keep in mind that the four emails do allow
or the format that was a little bit of disagreement between email Anita and
then his two disciples email
regarding wiping on stocks in Omaha and he claims to be able to position but he cannot wait on stocks other than others.
But remember company itself that you know in his
sort of changed his position started to wipe out his socks. Now you may read this and you may think
this is because he needed it. So he's
changing his position. here's here's the, you know how
to talk about someone who died
to run away from being the chief justice, you know, run away from the famous celebrity and popularity and power and status and money in the teeth, just as he prepared to buy in jail over the chief justice. So. So within that context, you have to understand, no, absolutely not. Sometimes, your your personal needs would basically trigger you to examine the issue more.
And then if, after examination of the issue, something becomes apparent to you, you could recant your position. And keep in mind, he did not do this and hide and he did it in front of people reported this from him, because he recanted
Anyway, that is, if the report is is correct, but the majority of the Hanafi scholars do believe that now there is basically harmony within the mouth after email, and he began his earlier position and accepted the position of a notable user,
which is the permissibility of wiping Han sucks. The permissibility of wiping gone sucks, but they have stricter definitions when it comes to the socks that you can wipe on. So
not the strictest, by the way because the mannequins have the strictest definition. The Maliki's want leather socks,
not leather socks, leather, meaning socks with leather bottoms and tops.
So that is what the mannequins want to be permitted to wipe out. The canopies. They come next to the mallet is them and the Sherpa is the column next to the Maliki's in terms of
the strict strictness of the conditions of the Sox. So I guess any of them online, but there are some assets by agreement, but this is not. We did not we
did not contribute to denigrate.
But sometimes when the scholars say by consensus or by agreement, they may mean agreement of our scholars within our method. And someone may read this and think that this is consensus of the oma No, sometimes when they say by consensus, the mean consensus of our scholars of our emails. Within our study Reverend concern he says that by agreement, the socks that are not sick
are not allowed to wipe hard and thick socks for the socks that are not thick enough to prevent the penetration of water. Prevent penetration of bottled water seeping through to your skin.
That has nothing to do with immersion. Because with immersion, no socks will not let the water through. But with wiping you have your wet hands in the wind like this. If you feel any witness these socks are not accepted by the handpiece to wipe off. Now.
I promise you that in the combined amount of there are beautiful conceptions.
It's not always too strict.
Perhaps is the easiest and the cigar because the conditions of thick socks in the hand very messed up are two conditions. They say on your foot while walking in them. And they do not show that complex underneath the international the complex and underneath. So the color of your skin will not be showing through the socks. My socks are okay and many ways
to wipe off.
They say on foot.
I could walk in these socks for three miles. And that does not mean that you're you're walking because
if you're walking on a rocky road, your feet would hurt even if you have the thickest socks, but it means that the socks was sitting on your foot while walking in the forest. This ad it does not they don't show the complexion, the color of the skin underneath.
Now the only problem that we have
We'll have like 100 anyways, because the 300 rows I have they have these
they have the requirement of not, you know, the medic is the one some that are also on the bottom of particularly, but in the thing, that they have this requirement of no penetration, that companies don't have that requirement. But
even according to the only people that will not,
you know, be included in this concession are the side of the aisle. If they were still fears the the would not be the sheer stockings would not be
permissible to wipe on in any one of the forms. Will they be permissible to wipe on according to it? Yes, because the husband says whatever will be called Javadoc socks are socks. And if the husband argues that socks, the socks that
were worn by the Sahaba don't allow him when, when it was reported that the Sahaba wiped on socks, it was not reported that they were necessarily sick socks. And now we even reports from Omar the alarm on early that wiping on thin socks is still acceptable invalid thin socks. And now he says you know our companions within the cafe method. The fourth phenomenon hottie that wiping on thin socks is acceptable. And he said that this is the position of use of Mohammad Mohamed Ahmed Hassan, the
disciples have an email behind he said that a man had a female disciples hovering over honey but it is the position of his heart
and certainly that is the position that is adopted by has socks or just socks because the Sahaba did not tell us necessarily thin or thick socks. There is a you know, so why are the Imams the 40 man's making those requirements
terms of the thickness of the socks there because the 40 memes are saying that
socks are basically permissible to wipe on by analogy ps ps hopes leather socks, so when you make the analogy that you know they have to be like leather socks, so they said that leather socks Do not let the water seep through you can walk in leather socks for miles. Leather socks will not show the complexity under these. So non leather socks need to meet those criteria,
is the permissibility of wiping non socks contingent upon PS only.
So there is this hubby's driven movie Robin Sharma the lower animal that is reported by Abby, the woodware movie Robin Sharma said that most of
the profits are made Miss Han and Deborah Bane when aligned on socks and sandals.
is weak according to the vast majority by the
week according to the vast majority. So the most formidable proof on the permissibility of wiping on socks is not is not for me it is not for the
practice of the companions, because
in his book of
reports that nine half decade barians pile up to this number 212 he counted three more was reported from nine of the companions that they wiped on stocks, and he mentioned their names, some of their names. Alia Kamara,
Abu Amanda, and others of the companions of the Prophet SAW those other day old wiped on socks without anyone confessing. So that
is this like, have very bonafide proof gifts. When you have an established consensus with established practice within that companions within the generation of the companions. That is very forgiving.
And bonafide proof. Now, then the scholars of the form of phi will say that the socks that companions used to be thing.
And then certainly the discussion that this course will not have, the discussion will not have that it will be back and forth. But at the end of the day, what I want you to understand is, please, please, these socks that,
you know, hide the color of the complexity in say on your foot.
If you walk in them for a long distance, please these socks are permissible, even if they're thin and allow the water to seep through, they are permissible in one of the four methods.
So, if you want to limit yourself to positions within the form of
these are permissible than one of the four.
And that, you know, and I'm not going to go into this discussion, the discussion of
you know, you know, choosing or picking from a different provider because we went over this before. And we said that, you're not going to be doing this just recklessly picking whatever you want, whenever you want. We said that if all the haftar all of your examination, examination, if even that one side is stronger, that is your feeling, your feeling could very well be incorrect. Most likely our feeling is incorrect, like where
we're more entitled to incorrectness than any one of these sellers that we talked to that we talked about. So it is but it is your own, it is your own conviction. And that is what you will be held to. But if you are unable to choose unable to choose, then if there is a need for the concession or the easier position within the format that you could take the easiest position within the form is now going beyond the form of vibe. That's another discussion like taking the position of having a husband, for instance, which is outside of the form of the year, that would allow the women to widen, that's another
interview all honesty, to be honest, to be intellectually honest, the agreement of the form of that does not mean consensus doesn't no it does not. Because it says the consensus of consensus of all of this covers a certain time that contemporaries of the following events were some of them were just as great, some of them were considered the Bible for events to be greater than than than the party that was considered the Bible for a man's to be greater than the four events. So, we cannot disqualify them from being part of an important part of the consensus. And then very importantly, consensus also is a
verifying the consensus is also difficult. So, the agreement of the four events means what was
means a yellow light means a warning sign, it means if you are to proceed with extreme caution,
you will not stop
that clear. Now, this is the agreement of the form of ignore not talking about consensus agreement of the form of it means if you are expected to proceed with extreme caution, you could still proceed, you could still discuss, you know, most of the Muslim countries now taken a mayor's position on the three divorces counting as one
these are these are the Sharia boards, the
You know, these are the basically the top scholars in some countries. So they have taken the position of a Mustang a man
because of the pressing need for it.
And they accepted this, but it should not be held like a casual thing, like you, you know, whatever you want, even if you're around which should not be like, you know, journalists taking positions or making up positions that are in conflict with the form of that should not be thinkers, it should not be politicians. It should not be you know, presidents and kings and princes, you know, making up their own positions that are in conflict with the former that we're talking about, you know, like a warning
sign a yellow light. And then what is it that is
being said now to
proceed with caution if you're not a metalhead.
Now for you, as an individual has an individual position from outside of the firm as if it is a position of an email, which said and gained some acceptance in the map, then you act upon three divorces counting as one, most of them and I was acting upon this, if you're if you if that is for you.
So it has to be a decision of an amendment. And it has gained some acceptance in the oma. So it is not only one email, that is not only one email. And at the end of the day, if you want to be cautious, he could be as cautious as you want. But keep in mind, that sometimes caution, like you want to be cautious limited to yourself, if your religious commitment is such that you could actually manage your cautious conduct is fine. Do not impose it on people. Do not impose it on people wiping down the size, save the many people from abandoning the prayers altogether. If you do not like people who go to work, and just what not take off their socks and wash their feet in the
sink at work. Many people have been able to maintain their prayers because of this concession. And if they're like this, they that is a valid concession was in one of the coordinates.
Head on the side, you know, if they will not otherwise pray, then you want to tell them, take it in the husband's position, please and pray. And don't defer your prayers. Because once you defer your prayers and start to skip, you are on the path of abandoning the prayers of the the end of the status of skipping and not being diligent and not be punctual with your prayers is abandonment of prayers because he just
didn't pray for us.
So it is important that we do not become
you know, we did not become hyper technical
does have a white on socks to sleep.
You know, this is not a matter this is not dependent on the analogy to the leather socks, it is dependent on independent proof,
the sahabah wide.
And they did not necessarily tell us that those socks must be set to a to particular extent.
Keeping mind that the importance of this concession and the need for this concession. Now, this takes us to another concept, even if this is an analogy, even if we're not talking about independent proof, which is the Sahaba wiping on socks by analogy to leather socks.
Some times some of the conditions may be inconsequential to the analogy. You know, so the thickness of the socks
when you make an analogy, you're making an analogy based on the anger or the Hikmah
the effective cause, or the higher wisdom.
Thank you who said both?
Is the editor with Heckman in the back of your mind.
Because you cannot ignore the hegman because the I've
been fixated on dialogue can make you too technical and can make you drift away from the objectives of the sherea the headmaster wisdom should be in the back of your mind. So what's the difference between the two and if you know
so far according to Henry's, for instance, they said
the roads are muddy
and there's no one on the ground. That takes the same rule in gas
You can combine the prayers for the muddy rose snow euros is known by the pros, that is basically, but that is not the either the end of combining is rain.
But they said that if you keep the Heckman in mind this train would cause them difficulty in driving, not driving and walking, riding, to the masjid and so on muddy roads, snow on the ground will cause the same part two.
So that so that's why they said that these things
he will extrapolate will extend the ruling to include that. Now, when it comes to the issue of white socks, leather socks, none other socks
the material itself is called was photography, which is which is inconsequential description, inconsequential quality, cotton, wool, you know, so
the Sharia never pays attention to the difference in material, whether it's cotton wool, eventually you have
had the wisdom and the need, if they are pigment powder,
comparable to you know, to leather socks, the hegner wisdom patches the need, are they comfortable,
they are comfortable to remove the hardship and fsfe the prayer and allow the people because it takes the same effort to take off the leather socks or take off the cotton socks. Right? It is pretty comfortable seeing
the hat here is the need to facilitate praying by exempting people from taking off their footwear to make to facilitate the will do and facilitate the prayer. So a caveman and that had the wisdom and the need, they're comparable. So even if we use analogy, socks would be included in this analogy. But we're not even going to the point where we need to use analogy because we have reports from 12 of the Sahaba that the White Sox
so we covered this first and we know that
you know according to the 40 memes
it is okay to wipe on socks. But the difference of over the description of those thoughts. The easiest in this regard would be the body position that only requires the easiest within the form of somebody's position that only requires the success or failure and to not not show the complexity underneath. They stated even if they let the water through so it's not like they were silent on this they say that even if the socks that the walkers through if they fulfill those two conditions then they are okay to wipe.
Now they did not get a vehicle but that would be implied that it has to be centered
because they stated that it has to be wiping down footwear in general has to be scented with 100 of us. So it has to cover the
organ the men are the part that is to be washed and the part that is the one screws up to the end.
Okay, so can you wipe on your shoes?
If you wear your shoes on top of socks and you know you have have to the ankle is covered by shoes and socks. Can you wipe on those shoes? Yes If he if I were these socks and the shoes in the morning after I'm able to have washed my feet. I could wipe on the shoes. I do not need to take the shoes off pepper. I could wipe on the shoes until I go back home. Once I take the shoe off like this
can I put it back on
Can I wipe on
photos broke man do
not break my morning, I can wipe on them because I said wore them back with a world in which I washed my feet. Now I broke my rule and took them off like this, I cannot wipe on the shoes anymore if I put them back, because I put them back in a state of No.
So I can
shoes in the shoe needs to be about No.
But keep in mind, if I don't have socks, I can wipe them the shoes.
If I don't have socks and my shoes are not above the ankle, I can't wipe on the shoes because you have to have that part that needs to be washed covered in order for you to work.
If you're right on the show, I do not need to prey on the shoe fly upon the shoe according to according to
in the hospital,
because they fell to the because there is an important from a very happy from
important from him that it lives on
to them and went on to lead the people in prayer and that report this authentic report by
Allah He is the expert in this regard. I used to refer to him because he would travel with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to say first and when people asked her about the rulings of wiping
the rest of the scholars if you take off like if you wipe on something and then you take it off the rest of the scholars particularly the for events with consider this a problem.
The hierarchies and Maliki's would want you now to wash your feet.
Just walk your feet. And if you did not promptly watch. If you did not promptly wash your feet, the Maliki's will tell you repeat you will do if you did not practically wash your feet will give you time to wash your feet, whatever you want, but you need to watch
the shafa is that somebody said that you need to repeat the entire word do not just wash your feet you need to repeat the entire
husband, they may have said you don't need to do anything because are they are they alone, because the rule that the department will do is sit with you even after you took off your shoes because there is no evidence that they can have the shoes nullifies.
Just like there is no evidence that shaving your head will nullify you
Well, the scars disagree over this and they talk about the extent of the holes and the part of that is uncovered. But many of the scholars said one cannot hear the juridical Sahaba
many of the scholars argued that the socks of
Paul was handled like you know Sahaba did not have perfect socks. So the if the holes are such that you know a good portion of your leg is uncovered because there are just like two large like very large holes that you do not want to wipe on those. But if you just have some holes here and there and your socks that are insignificant, then that would be fine. Yes.
But if you want to be on the safe side, that position is not authorized position in any of the forums. So if you want to be on the safe side, then you take your socks off your shoes off. He either repeat, you will do
chafa your belly or wash your feet.
el Manuela like he will wipe we open with a little more
mineral Hardesty in
the county around Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
am and what led him to the moon Yeoman, what is the duration of the wiping period one day and one night for the resident and three for the traveler from the time are breaking once ritual purity to the next from the time you break your purity after you watched and maybe we'll do from that time you broke you purity
24 hours and then you start wiping. That is if you are resident, if you are a traveler, you have three days, 72 hours, is based on the statement of the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam, the traveler wipes for three days and the resident for one read the book and Ali you know, the body or the bottom dollar
that is when I was asked
about the duration and she said go ask
the person have you taught him because he used to travel with the prophecy seven so he would know better
than a man said we're making a mess of handsome men.
So that we're talking about exploration now.
Whenever he wipes and the period ends or he takes the footwear off before, before it is over, his purity becomes invalid. So at the end of the one day or you take if he take your your socks off, your purity now is invalid and we search after your company repeat here we'll do canopy ematic you wash your feet.
Then in order to put Emma said woman master himself here on some how some
messed up men, whoever wipes while traveling and then reaches his place of residence or why or why resident and then travels should why for one day only like a resident. Because if in the middle of your wiping, you change your status from resident to traveler from traveler to residence, what you should what should you do go by the duration for the resident, not the traveler. So, if you put on your socks, have home and wipe on them and then travel wipe only for one day. Because part of your during part of the wiping duration was in while you were president. So you get one day. So if you change from travel tourism, or vice versa, you're given only one day, consider the default to be one
you or your wife for three days if you weren't traveling through all the duration.
we must remember that
Sara Lee Jamia Al Jazeera delighted to be cache it is permissible to wipe over the turban if it has a tee and covers the entire head except that which is usually covered
you know a turban will not cover all of your hair some of your hair will show under so that what is usually uncovered is fine. But you know you should be like a small turban like this on top which would not be a turban it needs to cover whatever a turban covers, whatever turban covers, why did he say that it has to have a T
it is either
or, or hasn't.
So in the embedding method,
it has to have he has to have like one roll underneath your jaw. That's NACA, you don't have to see the pictures of people from Mauritania from from Africa from West Africa. All those areas usually were the times
that used to be the the the
The bona fide Arab side has of ABA, and it has the thing underneath the jaw. So they, they wear this. And then they wear this for for reasons of like, you know, protection and stuff like this. They have it underneath. So they're when there's like a sense store, they can easily cover their face and their mouth and their nose with the
core, the layer that goes underneath their jaw.
Now, remember, Matt said, he said that he dislikes a member that does not have an ABA. And there's nothing connected Why? Because these
used to be the imamat of the non Muslims. Muslims always have the team or the that layer under your job.
One or the other will serve to distinguish you from nonnamous. Nowadays, no one wears servers except us and
you know how we suffered for this.
law said that the
disliking of this type of an amendment is not
it's not a prohibition. So it will not invalidate wiping on these turbans would not invalidate because if it is
in the method, remember that it is hard to wear imama. Without
that you cannot wipe on imama that is harder to wear.
Just like women are forbidden from wiping on an American. That's why it's hard for them to look like men, they should not wear turbans.
So since it is time for them to look like men or to imitate men, then it is not permissible invalid for them to wipe on the turban because they are engaged in an act of disobedience. They do not get a concession while engaging in an act of disobedience. A concession pertaining to the very act of disobedience. They don't get that concession.
But the bottom line is, this is also dependent on culture.
The bottom line is it is not really impermissible to look like other people, unless, unless that garment is characteristic of those people. All of you are not looking particularly Muslim.
Except for the few.
But you know, some people have
coffee and stuff, but you're absolutely fine. Whatever you're wearing is absolutely fine. So it doesn't
unless you wear something that is characteristic. You so when you wear a business suit, no one can tell you your religion based on the business suit.
Right? Based on wearing a business suit, can anyone tell you your vision? No, that is fine. If you wear a garment and everybody would say he is this or that, then you should not wear that garment. Unless it is a garment that Muslims usually were
easy. It's a matter of identity and it's not really a matter of you know, strict like strictness or anything just like a matter of identity you should not really imitate other people in that which is characteristic of them. But whatever is universal, everybody wears neckties you know, whatever. That would not point out your vision should be fine. The same applies to sisters, sisters have guidelines, whatever they need to cover, the guidelines should be Nancy through the wide enough to show the silhouette of the body should be covering or whatever needs to be covered except for the face and the hands. And some but then there is no particular style that is forced from the there is
no prescribed side of dress when ever before they meet those criteria. They're fine. Regardless of the type. Even if they were street clothes, they are wearing street clothes. They call them street clothes.
For some reason the quality just like
the where street street clothes that meet the criteria, they are fine. You don't have to have a special tailor
Then, then you have to put them as woman certain must college and you know very Canyon reservoir, I think
a condition of the validity of wiping over all such things is to have put them on, on while in a state of complete purity, while seated complete purity and you'll find that mahira Chavez, the other experts in this issue, big expert is unbelievable.
It is the fourth of all of the hobby, particularly the hobbies and supported by Muslims that has a law that those rulings It was important from a movie he was with the Prophet, he wanted to give him wine to wash his feet. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to him,
leave them alone leave my feet alone, hi Could I put them on I put my clothes on while in a state of purity while in the state of purity.
That is the state of wet purity not dry purity, like
not the mask will do it is the gospel.
Then he said Where
is the bishop dmo dr Hagerty Illa and
it is permissible to wipe over a bandage if he did not, when putting it on exceed the part that needs to be wrapped, he can do this he can remain and wipe over it until he removes it, there is no duration here, because if you are the splinter cast or have bandage on your hand, there is no duration, but you should not exceed more than half whatever needs to be around. That does not mean if you have a fracture here that you should cover this this area, if they tell you that you have to have a long arm gap, then they tell you that you have to then you have to have and then that is what you need to have and then you wind on all of this.
that is clear and there is no duration.
And also, in all honesty, you do not have to have worn this in a state of purity because that is usually comes with urgency. However, the authorized position is that you need to have worn in a state of purity. So you'll make up for this bite
if you wore it not in a state of purity if you want to be cautious careful, you wipe and you have to do them just because you have this put on without being in a state of purity, then the amount of data set for graduate one or two key value
the man and woman are equal in that regard, except that the woman may not wipe over the turban. So he put in watch the guard in all the rulings that pertain to mess or wiping. She can wipe just like the man wipes on footwear, headwear and bandages, except that she cannot wait for the turban. But he should have said here she kept waiting on the femur and that is authorized position in the hand Betty member the authorized position
is that the woman can wipe on the femur given that the demand goes around her lower job.
It is not just again, if it goes around but lower job then it is a hassle to undo it and wipe and so on so she can wipe on
best authorized position. And that has been reported babe navvy Sabir from Houma Santa Maria lemme on how to choose to wipe on the femur and who would be a greater authority on wiping for women that only the mother of the believers, the wife of the profits of the bodies and she would know better about this than anyone else should be the expert in this regard. So women can wipe and
women need to pay attention though to washing their face from
the need to wash the face to make sure that the Mr. They push the camera back so that they wash their face.
But when it comes to the hair, they can wipe
We come to the end and it is actually 10am. So we are on time.
I promise you to repeat the
sacred repeated, repeated now try to remember it I can send it to you. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said suck upon those words or these words below many
what happened when the man
was fired he
became insanely bad