Tafseer of Surah Al-Hujurat #03
Channel: Haitham al-Haddad
File Size: 71.13MB
Okay Good evening saw look
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Yes Who will read inshallah We need someone in the middle here
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we want someone from the middle here
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Shame on you you
he means by Gary.
Read the English translation
the English translation
or read it?
Well, okay. Yes.
And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both. But if one of them outrages against the other, then fight you all against the one which outreaches till it complies with the command of Allah, then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly and be equitable, equitable. Verily Allah loves those who are equitable. The believers are nothing else than brothers in Islamic religion. So make reconciliation between your brothers and fear law that you may receive mercy or us who believe that not a group scoff at another group. It may be that the latter are better than the former. Nor let some women scoff at other
women. It may be that the latter are better better than the former, nor defame one another. Not insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it to insult one's brother after having faith
as a sinner or Oh wicked and
whosoever does not repent, then such other are indeed zali mode, or you believe avoid much suspicion, indeed some suspicion, our sins and spy, not Nava backbite, or one another, would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother, you would hate it and feel loved early Allah is the one who forgives and accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.
we are studying, so let me write this great surah. And we said that in the surah, there are five calls for the believers and one call for the whole humanity.
And we mentioned in the previous lessons that Allah Allah, Allah called the believers, two calls, or three calls, the first two calls, Allah Jalla, Allah is establishing the essence of an Imam, which is what to submit to Allah, Allah Allah. And not to suggest
between the hands will follow jell O Allah and His Messenger, any thing, don't recommend that Islam should be this and that. And we mentioned that it is. A big problem that many people fall in, is that they do not submit to Allah, Allah, Allah and His messenger said, but they submit to their whims and desires. And not only this, they say that Islam should be this or that.
And we said that it is the essence of any Islam. As we said that the essence of Islam is to submit to the
commandments of Allah, Allah, Allah and His messenger. Without this we cannot progress and we can't Without this, we cannot establish any Islamic system and Islamic Society and Islamic says, we cannot say we cannot establish Islam at all. Then we mentioned that Allah said, yeah you alladhina amanu, India a confessor comida. In fact,
this is to this.
This commandment from Allah, Allah, Allah is given in order for us to make sure that we do not judge anyone out of doubt. And we should filter the news that come to us. And you should not come up with conclusions before concluding or before confirming that the news that are coming to us are authentic news.
And this is a commandment from Allah, Allah, Allah and other an etiquette in order to work for ourselves, not to come to our own conclusions, because of wrong methodology to come up with those conclusions. Also, that
it is inevitable that people should rely on authentic in use authentic information, even matters related to Islam, we should verify whether those
Islamic guidelines are authentic Islamic guidelines. Also we should confirm whether this hadith is a Sahih Hadith or a fabricated ad and so on. So, this is a compliment or the beginning of establishing the Islamic Society. So first of all, we need to submit to Allah, Allah Allah and then to His Messenger. And then we should verify before coming up with conclusions regarding anything then a larger lower law said here in the is that we are discussing what in bar if attorney minimum minima potato Sausalito they in a home for him Baba ocilla who Bay in Houma in Bella de Houma, la, la, so Atilla t v. v. In America, we have read the translation the translation says, briefly, and if two
parties among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them or make or may try to reconcile between them.
This is a commandment from Allah, Allah Allah, that we should not let believe us fighting each other. Whether individuals or groups or societies or countries. And here, Allah Allah, Allah says we're in bar if I can, if I the word pifa refers to a group of people and it refers to individuals and this means that
If two individuals are fighting, when we have to make peace between them, if two groups were fighting, then we have to make to make peace between them. If two countries were fighting, then we have to make peace with them, between them. And this is an etiquette to establish the Islamic Society. And also it is an etiquette to establish the Islamic ummah. And it you can say, as we have said before in the first lesson that also this can be seen as part of the viewpoint or part of the Islamic legal part of the Islamic international legal system is that when two Muslim groups or countries have fight between them, then we should try to make peace between them here. Why do we
If we look at the chronological order, or the structure of this surah Allah, Allah Allah said, In the beginning, that the essence of Al anon is to submit to Allah and His messenger. And part of this is to observe the etiquette towards his messenger. And without this etiquette towards the messenger, which some people extend it to include even etiquette of the people of knowledge and people of authority. People have knowledge in particular, without this etiquette observed towards the messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa salatu salam, there will be no real Islamic mistake. Then Allah Allah Allah said, that
we need to filter the news and to make sure that we cannot come up with a judgment or we do not cause harm to anyone before.
Before we confirm that the news is correct, authentically news or not.
So now that
the ground of the Islamic Society has been established, then immediately after believing in Allah, Allah, Allah, what do we need to have, we need to have unity within the Muslim community, unity within the Muslim community or unity within the Muslim ummah. And that's why Allah Allah Allah said here after this, beginning after this introduction, what impact if attorney mean and what meaning after the roof house lubaina if there is a fight between two individuals or two groups, we have to make peace between them because there will be no unity if there is no peace between them.
Not only that, but you will know that the foundation or the first need of any society in the world is what to have peace.
And when Ibrahim Alayhi Salam made his way out, when he wanted to establish maccha animoca Rama, he said to Allah, Allah Allah He asked Allah Allah Allah, which is the first door mentioned in the Quran. The first day I mentioned in the whole arm is wave Allah Ivana hemara Liga, Bella den, Amina was Allah who minister Murat Oh Allah make this ballot this country or this place, a safe place. So if there is no security, no safety, people will have will continuously fight with each other. They will have no sense of peace and they will not think about Islam, they will not think about coming closer to Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, they will not think about these things they will think or they
will be worried about their peace, their children, security and so on. And that's why it is inevitable, to try to have peace in society in order for First of all, there were to progress as we have mentioned, or in order for the Islamic State to be established. If there is no peace, it cannot be established. That's why Allah Allah Allah confirmed this and the Lord Allah Allah mentioned that the law of jihad has to follow certain guidelines is there is a difference between the heart and civil war. Anyway, this is in general a requirement and in particular within the Muslim Ummah, or the Muslim community, the Muslim community or the Muslim Ummah, they should be united and there
should be no fight among them whatsoever.
Aside from the issue of unity, fighting between
In them puts hatred and animosity between them, and that kills an event that destroys the man. And you know what, that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam swore? And he said, by the one in whose hands is my soul, no one will enter Ghana until he believes. And then the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, should I tell you about something, if you establish it, you will believe.
Then he said, After that, sorry, then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,
and you will not believe until you love each other. And then the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, should I tell you about something, if you establish it, you will love each other? What is that he assumed a lot of you said, I'm a unicorn. So, Sharia is so keen, to see love among Muslims. And if we see if we reflect my dear respected brothers and sisters, on this Hadith, you will not believe until you love each other. This is panela heavy duty, heavy responsibility upon each other, that I must love you, you must love me, all of us must love each other. We will come to this i O Allah, Allah, Allah says in me No, no, indeed believers are nothing but be but brothers Subhana. Allah
means what is the relationship between me and you we are brothers in Islam, and we will see some of the virtues of brotherhood. So Allah Allah, Allah here wants us to reconcile between those who are fighting in order to maintain peace and unity and in order to in a to remove any kind of hatred from our past against each other. So Allah Allah, Allah has said, we're in power if attorney Mina Mina octet Allah and here as you know, maybe you have read this out loud, Allah Allah said, two groups of believers fight each other. So how come they are believers and they are fighting each other?
First of all, it means that believers can make mistakes,
believe us can fall into mistakes, and they might fight each other. And they mentioned in suburban new zoo.
The reason for revelation of this ayah that unassuming nomadic of the a la Donna and who said Yasuda Allah let us go to Abdullah hibino obey the head of the Manasa T and maybe if you talk to him, he will accept Islam or he will be a sincere person. So the prophet SAW the light is out of his regime and keenness to guide his people. He said, okay, let us go. So he went, and he was riding a camel, so he was riding a donkey. And when he passed by Abdullah Abdullah, he said, Stop it Stop.
The bad the smell of your donkey annoyed us. But and he's a lunatic. He's and whenever he will not have respect to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Dr. Sadler. And so one of the Muslims. He said, What? If you don't apologize, we will. We will come and fight you. Then one of his people wrongly, he said no, don't say this. And there was a kind of fight between them. This is one revelation. Some scholars say that this is not really the revelation of this verse, but it is mentioned as, as we said before, that once we talk about the reason for revelation, it doesn't mean that this ayah was revealed because of this, maybe they meant that this is applicable on this
Okay, and they mentioned some other reasons among them is the they said that the two main tribes of Allah Azza wa,
JAL has the right, they used to have a fight between them and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came to reconcile between them. They mentioned that they been fighting for 60 or 70 years. Also, they mentioned another reason for revelation, a man called Ben Ron and he is from outside and he has a wife from other tribes. And he stopped her from seeing her family. Then she called her family and there was a dispute between his family and some people who want to sorry, from her, between her family and so people who want to support him. So they were fighting and then this ayah was revealed. Again, again, as I
I told you some scholars said maybe that is not Verizon for revelation, but it is applicable on that situation, allow them, maybe this or that. Or maybe there might be number of reasons for the revelation of this ayah Allah item but the meaning is clear. Now, as you know also, that Allah Allah Allah called them believers, although they have committed sin, and they said that this ayah is a refutation, for the Hardy belief, the holiday belief is what that anyone who commits a major sin, He will leave a man he will became a captive about here Allah, Allah Allah called them believers despite the fact they were fighting each other.
which confirms that fighting each other which is a sin, which might be even a major sin does not take the person out of the fold of Islam. And we have to be careful about that and we have to be clear about this belief. Also, in this ayah
Allah Allah Allah said one pie if a 10 minute mini Nakata boo, boo means they were fighting but here Allah Allah Allah is mentioning it as a form of plural, plural. Sorry, yes plural, plural, everyone, because when there is a fight, everyone is fighting each other. But when Allah Allah Allah mentioned a slur, he said, firstly who not by you know whom, but by inna Houma, which is done within Yeah, between this and this, not between all of them, because it cannot happen if all of them, if all of them are, if there is a chaos is like cannot happen. But if this was organized in a group and this was organized in a group, then both of them can reconcile with each other. But in a chaotic
situation, it is different. It is difficult, difficult to have Islam be in a home or to make peace between them. And that's why Allah Allah, Allah said in the first one, octet, Lu, and then he said, for Australia who brina whom Ah, then Allah, Allah, Allah said, fair in Bella, if the Houma la hora de la tetovo he had that either in the law, if one of them outrages against the other, that was oppressive against other again, it's the other one had more injustice against the other one, outrageous against
the other against the other, then you should fight it until it goes back to the commandment of Allah, Allah Allah until it complies with the commandment of Allah, Allah Allah.
This is again a continuation for the first principle and if you can see the first the first part of this I was mentioned as a principal were in effect any minute mini naka de Luca Acevedo been full stop. This is like an act. Yeah. Or this is like part of that low, low part so on So what if attorney mean meaning of that Hello, Charles Lee who Bina Houma then point lope low 1.1 which is a sub law for him but if the Houma Ll o Hara for Atilla t, w, F, he is either under the law if one of them outrages against the other, then fight all of you against the one that which out today ages till it complies with the commandment of Allah dello Allah.
There is color said that either both of them were wrongdoers, and they had injustice against each other, they had outrageous against each other. then in this case, you have to you have to fight but you have to try first of all, to advise both on them simultaneously. And then if both of them listen Alhamdulillah if one of them listened and the other does not listen, then you have to fight it until it complies with the commandment of Allah, Allah Allah and this we have to understand this carefully first
of all, Allah, Allah, Allah said, What if a tiny mini mini Nakuru facilely kobina hoonah, as if there are two groups fighting,
and one of them became outrageous against the others, and you and the other group is an external body, judging between them,
which means that the eye does not include me and my purse, my mind, brother, were when we are fighting, if me and my brother are fighting, and I feel that he was unjust towards me, and he oppressed me, then I should not apply this idea and I should fight him thinking that Allah commanded me to fight him until he complies with the commandment of Elijah know Allah, is it clear, because he will think of me the same thing.
And we will never come up with a conclusion and blood will be shed nightless but this ayah is talking about two parties, and the rest of the Muslims are the external body, the third body and they will act as what? As judged and they will judge that this have oppressed or outrageous against the other. Okay, is it clear? Otherwise, we have seen this, I have seen this in the Islamic Sharia council or the federal Alliance a lot. Many people said that, okay, I had a disagreement with this brother, and he dealt with me unjustly. And he,
he had many, many injustice against me, and he, today's me, so what I did is I retaliate, and why gelada says in the Quran,
that they do lamb missing America, do it, you can retaliate. And you can take your right by your, by your hand, if the person is has been unjust to you. And this is completely wrong. I remember I read the fact well, by the way, it just came to my mind, I did affect what a question was given to hyakkimaru. Donna, the Council of
of senior scholars in Saudi Arabia.
And the questioner said that he employed a person to fix something in his house. And he he agreed to pay him an amount of money, a particular amount of money, let's say 100 pounds. And then he said when I came to check, I found that he did not fix it properly. So I said, because of what you have done.
Okay, I'll give you a few pounds only, for example.
Then he regretted he said, maybe I have done wrong. And he asked the senior scholars, he said is that was that correct? What I have done, and look at this, please brothers and sisters, we have to think about this carefully. They said to him, that you made a mistake,
they said to him, you should have given him his full right, whatever you have agreed with him 100 pounds, give him 100 pounds, and then later on, appoint a judge between both of you. So the judge will have a judgment between both of you because you cannot be the judge and one party at the same time. This is conflict of interest. And how many times my dear respected brothers and sisters, we have disagreements between each other, and then we come up with conclusions and then we act upon these conclusions, as it is a very common question. I have been I was employed by so and so or by this organization, and I felt that they have done injustice towards me. Can I take unlawfully from
the money? Can I do this again as to them? Yeah. And of course, the answer should be no, you can't do this because this is your own estimation or your own judgment of the situation and that might not be a true and as we always say, My dear respected brothers and sisters, it is better to meet a large Allah Allah free from Coco cola Eva from the rites of creation and when
Colors said this man his colors confirm this. And they said if you can meet a larger Nevada free from the rise of people, then you will meet a lot of other safe.
Okay. So this is an etiquette to be observed. So our generally said
for volatility typically it means that this is a generalized addressing the other party, the third party should find the one that was unjust to the other one or the one that outrage the outrage the other one or was outrageous against the other one.
Then Allah, Allah said,
If that party complied with the law for La Jolla ferocity who obey in a home, Bill, ideally, what a principle, if it complied with the law, follow the law, let me try to reconcile between them in order to establish the peace between them. And some scholars said for us in the kobina home, Abdullah Abdullah upsample is one a statesman and some other scholars said faceter who they know may be ugly for the stop. And and then a new statement to oxy boo. This is just a new statement. establish justice in general. Yeah, because already a la jolla San Francisco Bay in Houma. Villa de vous la habana Houma la means then, if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly
finish. That's the end of the statement and the annual statement according to some scholars, and be equitable, or be just one simple or establish justice, maybe well established justice or and be equitable. Now,
as you know,
yeah. Some scholars said for Kobe and Omar, Bill adly, means what means if there was a fight between two Muslim groups.
And, of course, if you're in the fight, maybe there was killing between each other, they have taken the money of each other, they have something between them, then, if you fought, if they want to reconcile between them, they said that one way to reconcile between them is every party should forgive the other party and you should not you should not you should not have a sauce for from one party to the other party, you should not have retaliation from one party against the other party, and everything should be dropped.
Yes, so no party will ask for its rights from the other party. And they said that Subhana Allah This is a very unique low from an Islamic perspective, in order to encourage people to reconcile otherwise, if they know that, oh, I have to take rights, my rights are from the others and the others will
the others that are or the other party will have to take their own rights and I have to retaliate, they have to retaliate, we should make make Casals it will be an endless, an endless process and it cannot happen. And they mentioned in the in the
Islamic pub and some details about it. Some scholars mentioned this the mentioned this as the meaning of the hooba you know Huma addley.
which is reconcile between them justly as a meaning
maybe Okay, it's better for me not to get into this issue. Some scholars say that the practically speaking union cannot reconcile between two groups who fought each other by a will by interpretation. Not just one party is stole from the other party or killed the from the other party like this. No, they were fighting. We are talking about that case when they were fighting and we want to reconcile between them.
Our gelada said for us, Kobe and Omar Bella delay as we said, we can stop here and then we can say what are called Simple be just or establish justice. As you know our the Prophet sallallahu wasallam praised just
People and those who established justice Allah the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said a lot sooner Allah a bit mean no more at the Day of Resurrection and moxa tone that just people will be what will be on monogamy No, like
puppets of light
Okay, they will be distinguished among people because they will be themselves on these puppets or on these pillars, everyone will see them everyone will witness them because of what because of the justice that they used to establish. Now, some scholars said that establishing justice should be establishing justice and everything, every word between your children, between your wives, if you have more than wife, between your neighbors, between everyone you have to establish justice, even establishing justice with animals, you should not have injustice again as he again is anyone in the world. Okay. Muslim, non Muslim, human being animal or so. Okay.
And because of volume, injustice is one of the great sins in English.
A legend Oh, Allah says, okay, Delica waka Delica Lola bkd Pura vida y Lima in Lima chedid. So Allah gelada hates injustice the most. And
that's why Allah Allah Allah may do multi Amma
yom Altis, one of our noisiness, a spot a woman, Salah to Buddha, Moon Neptune, che one in Ghana, we all have bettin men have done it. Now we have a carabiner on a CD, because the Day of Resurrection is the day of establishing justice, and every single one in the world will take his life from the one who oppressed him. And that's why, as we always say, My dear respected brothers and sisters, if you have the choice, to die, as oppressed person, or your rights have been violated, but not to violate the rights of others or not to oppress others, then do that. Of course, we are not talking about any Muslims to die as oppressed people. No, we are talking about two people. Yeah. When you
might have oppressed the other person or you might accept to be oppressed, then maybe it's better to accept to be oppressed, and not to be an oppressor. If you have that. If you if you've faced that situation where that is the only option. Of course,
if you can go to a court to establish justice between them, that is better otherwise, if you have that, if that is the only option you have, then it is better for you to forego you. Right? Yes, and accept to be oppressed rather than to be an oppressor.
And Allah gelada said that he like those who are equatable those who established justice, justice, even they said that the person has to be just against himself, just with everyone, as we said, Then Allah jello Allah said in Mr. Hawkman, on f1 facilely Havana, Hoi Khomeini to move quickly. Indeed, believers are nothing but brothers.
This is a well known I that everyone is using it in lectures and portables that confirm the situation or the reality of believers. And here as you know that Allah gelada said believers are not but brothers, which this was true in NEMA is the slope of hazard hazard, limiting the situation of believers to be believed to be brothers, believers are nothing but brother brothers. It is not just believers are brothers, no more than that believers are nothing but brothers, which means that whether you like it or I don't whether you like it or you don't like it, I am your brother, whether I like it or you don't like it. I am your brother. And this includes believers whether there are
wicked people, or whether they are righteous people, whether they are people of innovation, as far as they are classified as believers or Muslims in general, because as you know, when a legend speaks about delivers our geladas speaking about Muslims in general, unless Allah Allah, Allah differentiates between believers and Muslims, then the, there is a difference otherwise, believers include Muslims, Muslims include believers. So Allah gelada here said, in Malmo, Nina,
this is the relationship between believers, there are brothers, and respective of their color, their country, their background, their ethnicity, where they live. I am the brother of a Chinese believer who lives in China. And He is my brother. He has rights over me, I have rights over him. And so one, you can name it, you name it. And all they need the believers are brothers, black believers, white believers, believers, as we said, irrespective of their background, there are nothing but brothers, of course this include this include this include believers, males and females. It doesn't include just believers who are males, that they are the brothers of each other. It doesn't include believers
who are females. No, it includes everyone. And this is like the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Muslim or Muslim. The Muslim is what is the brother of the Muslim and
zunow the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, In addition, Dharma method, meaning a veto to him. Well, Tara Herman came out and he said, in worship avena obey the example of the believers in their mercy to each other, and their love for each other.
That example, or the parable of what, of one body of one body, if it one body fell, fell in pain, the whole body will reflect upon that. And seriously, my dear respected brothers and sisters, do we reflect this in our life? Once we see a Muslim brother or a Muslim sister suffering in one place? Do we suffer because he is suffering from that?
Do we have that feeling? Do we establish that feeling this is a sign of an EMA and Subhana Allah. This is a unique Maxim. In Islam, you don't find this in any system. We're all people who belong to that faith, our brothers to each other. And this is, this is
a way where Islam globalized itself, it's then became a universal religion, by these values, where Muslims are part of, or Muslims form one body. And you know, my dear respected brothers and sisters, that the Brotherhood is one of the biggest names that Allah Allah has given Muslims or has virtues, Muslims, it has so many virtues, and it has an adversity, and has an adversity used to say that
our brothers are better or closer or dear to us than my own family members. Why? Because our families are reminding us of their dunya or we are worried about them, but our brothers are reminding us of that Fira. Yeah, he used to say that there are four things or five things that soften the hearts. There are two are unbeatable reading Quran with contemplation, then Korea will lay a tower in the south making you still fall on the side Horton Hollywood button a lot of fasting and sitting with what with the righteous people. And I would go da da da, da da da and Who said it? If there are no if there are,
if there are if there are no three things in this dunya or it is three things in this dunya that made me love to stay in this dunya which is fasting long days, establishing family and the presence of brothers who select them.
words as they sound like the best of fruit when they address each other, and the larger Nevada says in the Quran, Palais de la Vina aman weeaboo la TSN in a shape Ana De Anza avena there are many virtues of brotherhood just I'm worried about time. And I'm sure all of you are aware of these virtues.
Then Allah Allah Allah said in the minimum in order for us to be in a hurry, then you have to reconcile between your brothers because they are what they are brothers here, this form enamel Muna f1, this form of or style of language, it serves as our in for reconsolidation, or one of the main Ll or reasons for reconciling between believers. So you need to reconcile between believers because they are brothers. So you cannot have brothers fighting each other. So the effective cause for reconciling between Muslims is what are one of the effective causes to reconcile between Muslims is what the fact that they are brothers, then Allah, Allah, Allah said, What up lafiya Allah, Allah
Allah, so you may what La La come to her moon, so you may.
So you may receive Rama from Allah, Allah Allah you may receive mercy from Allah gelada. Here, I read it by some of those, that one of those who said that,
that if there is this unity between the old man or fight between Muslims, there will be no Rama descending on them.
But once they establish unity, there will be a man that Allah Allah Allah shower them all with an Subhana Allah if you look at this, this is true and this is the reflection of this ayah Allah Allah Allah says, Allah He what? Man Gemma, the hand of Allah, Allah Allah is with Gemma here yet Allah him Allah means what? The support of Allah Allah Allah, the power of Allah de la vida will be worked with Gemma and which means of course when we say supportive Allah, Allah Allah, that Allah, Allah is what is sending grandma upon those people and then when they start to be disunited, then Allah Allah, Allah will elevate or Allah Allah Allah will take out his Rama from them will take out
support from them. That's why your brothers and sisters we need to establish this important principle and we need to learn it, we have made our differences among ourselves, but we must be united we must be united
No problem, we have differences even some people might not pray behind other people okay, without getting into details
about this, but on the outset, they should be what they should be united What does that mean? They should not fight each other. I totally agree with you. I totally call you a move today
for example, but at the end of the day, you are my brother you have rights over me, you I have rights over you and we should not fight each other what so ever let alone Let alone we become this united and let others attack us or I side with others against my brother in law. Okay. And unfortunately some Muslims think that when you say that, although the innovator or the misguided people, he is an innovative and a misguided person who should be boycott Shan Shan Shan off and he I should not establish a brotherhood between me and him. No sense of unity whatsoever This is wrong. No one had accepted this from the scholars It is true that the innovator should be
there should be boycott should be a sham. But at the end of the day, if he is classified as Muslim, then he has rights over me. Okay, and we should be careful of judging others as moved in. Because if we disagree on a matter, then if we do not establish justice, then I might
Call you or you might call me today, you I might call everyone and move today everyone might call the other one and move today. And then we will end up with a very disunited community and this community will never pray behind each other. And then instead of having 10 massages, we will have massage it with
a number equal to the number of Muslims and we will not have any big drama because everyone does not accept to pray behind the other person. And later on everyone will not give salam to anyone, and we will be really weak, this united, and this will lead even to go for and this is what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was afraid to happen. And you know, that the shavon as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, gave up that people in Jazeera in Abu worship Him in peninsula will worship him, but the shavon did not give up a making this unity and hatred among themselves. So we have to be very, very careful of that. Unity. Love does not necessarily mean that we agree on each thing
does not necessarily we tolerate each view.
We should, we should be careful, my dear respected brothers and sisters, I might be united with you and I do not tolerate most of your opinions. Doesn't matter, but we are still one body. We are still one body and we have rights against each other. So this is that's why Allah Allah Allah, Allah concluded this by what a law that Allah come to him and then Allah Nevada said, Yeah, you're Latina man hula is her power woman posing as an akuna Hi, I'm in Oman and Isa minister in Oceania. coonawarra min Han. One of them is Officer kumala tena bazooka of the Saudi small for Superbad, any man woman Lamia to Buddha home over the moon oh you who believe let's not a group mock the other
group it may be that there are better than them. Yes, men comin as a guru higher on men a higher on men home home here a group here does not mean a group includes only individuals. So a group should not move together group or any other group nor an individual should mark any other individual have to live in unless you would say Alberto mukarram del mundo de Bella the test or the trials are linked to your words. And he said I am afraid that Allah will turn me to a dog if I mock a dog.
and there are many statements from the set of about fearing mocking each other. And they said that you have to be careful of mocking each other. Otherwise, a larger levada will test you of what he is doing. Okay, of what he is doing.
Among the stories that came to my mind, there were two
greatest colors of lava lava and Terra, Casa de and Elise Ed. And Tessa is the amount of Kufa in Terre Haute and then he is Ed is a very great scholar of Arabic language. And they were in the presence of Haruna Rashid and Harun al Rashid was an Apache Khalifa and the solid time came, the solid time came, mother Uppsala time came, so they asked Casa de to lead the salah and Casa de, as we said, he was the Imam of Kufa. Kufa is one of the main cities in Iraq, as you know, and it was known for the and it's a school of thought in Arabic language. So when angkasa elected us Allah may be because he was leading the salah and ameerul momineen was behind him. So he panicked a little
bit, and he made a mistake when he read so not only are you having coffee room,
after this Allah, Allah Zd, he started to mock him and he said, so Allah that amount, the amount of Kufa makes this silly mistake. makes a mistake and reading surah Talia, you have a coffee roll. So he walked him. And then the HSL da came and they asked le s ed to lead us Allah. When Allah Zd led us Allah. He
made a mistake in reading Surat Al Fatiha.
Then after that, he mentioned the very form was fine.
Elisa Nicola Tokuda took tele in Al Bella MOOC alone bill number 30 preserve your tongue, don't say anything mocking others, otherwise you will be what? You will have the same thing, okay? Or you will be tested by the same thing that you mock the other person. And there are many stories like this, but anyway, just we need to keep going because of time.
And here they are Elijah lavalla said, voila, Nisa, Omen Nisa in Isaiah and he could not hire amin home. Of course, Allah Allah Allah here is saying, and no women should scoff of or should mock the scuff art or should mock other women. Why Allah Allah Allah mentioned women in particular, as you know, this girl I said, because this sin or this mistake is common among women, unfortunately. Yes, so a lot you know, Allah singled them out, which is and Allah gelada singles anyone out. When Allah Allah Allah wants to stress on a particular ruling that is that is need to be observed by this particular group or person. So Allah jello Allah says Allah and he saw me saying I saw an akuna
higher amin Han now here as a kuno higher amin home or Assa min min Han, the translation of this, it may be that the latter better than the former. In both cases, this is their inner for not mocking. So don't mock them. Maybe they are better than you better than you when in the era. Okay, in the era, you don't know whether they are better than you in the era or not. And we know this is the this is the effective course. But the scholars were our were afraid of mocking each other even in mocking animals. Yes, because of this topic and mocking others a difference? It might be a great sin. It might be prohibited, it might be disliked. It depends on their situation of others. For example,
mocking adult adult is different from than a mocking
a believer. And here this ayah if for example, a person says okay, can't we mock a drunk person? Yeah, or a person who is committing an ugly sin. all sins are ugly, but in particular, certain sins that we know of? Can we mock them? First of all, you should have feel sorry for them. Yes, you should feel sorry for them. You should feel sorry for this sin to be committed. Yes. And if you were to mock, mock them out, I'll see ya. Yes, mock the mouse here and feel sorry for the RC Don't mock the creation of Allah. Allah Allah. This is the key thing. So even if someone wants to mock an animal doing something silly, okay, be careful. Don't mock the creation of Allah Allah Allah but
mock the act. Okay? And if you are afraid then even just don't mock at all.
Then Allah Allah Allah says, Allah Tell me Zoo and fusa come
tell me so I'm forsaken.
Don't defend yourselves. This kind of said, defaming yourself lambs here lambs is by tongue. Okay. And hence, why no liquidity home as a loser. Yes is by fed by act. And lambs is defaming by tongue. And house is the FE defaming by act. And the model Allah said here, don't defend yourself. How can a person defends himself? If you defame a Muslim, then you are defending What? defending yourself? Yes, that's why Allah Allah Allah in many iarracht Mathurin,
our dilemma in many I add, attribute the mouse ear to yourselves to the believers. method and Allah Allah Allah says, what are your baba baba
when Allah Allah Allah spoke about the story of the If
yes, well I will send me a two mu one and mu mu una Minato be unfussy him hi Allah. Have you heard the if the slander of a Chateau de La da da da, you should thought of yourselves
not of others of yourself because any Muslim is part of our body. And if we defame a Muslim, we have defamed what ourselves. Okay? So we have to be careful. And we will mention some of the stories from the Sahaba about defaming, defending yourself or others. When we come to backbiting. I'm just worried about time. Why not an Abba Zubin? Don't call and that's why that's why Allah, Allah Allah commanded us to use the best names when we call each other out for to be Rahim Allah Allah said that it was the habit of the prophets, Allah Allah Allah is in them to give nicknames to some of the Sahaba that to promote them, and that Yanni gives them certain status and dignity. Mathurin Abubakar
Siddique, Mr. Alfaro harlot, say for him was rude, and so on. So if you were to use nicknames, then you have to use the best nicknames and if you know that this person does not like this nickname, then don't use it. And they said that part of the Brotherhood rights is to what to choose the best name this person likes. If you think that I don't like to be known by my name, I like to be known by another and my nickname, then use that if you think that I like to be called a bufala and then use that if you think that I don't like this particular name, even if it is not a nickname, then don't use it. Okay, why is this because we should have respect to each other. We should establish Allah
Allah Allah commanded us to establish unity, not only unity, but Allah, Allah, Allah commanded us to observe certain measures that help us to you to establish unity. Then Allah Allah, Allah said, they said is more
than a man. Okay?
So it will not enter up north and south. one another by nicknames here, this is the verse that we have. This is the part of the verse that we have explained. Don't, don't call others or don't insult one another by nicknames, but if the nicknames not is not, or the if the nicknames are not insult to each other or using them is not an insult to each other, then that is not our problem. Then our gelada said, evil is the name of wickedness after faith. Why? Because if you call the other Muslim with an evil nickname, then you have replaced Islam with evil, you have replaced and has entered the Savior, you have replaced what is good with that what is bad, the and out the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam said that is evil, they are it is a very bad thing to establish between
yourselves and you know, that Allah de lo Allah in Surah. And so like, you know, when Allah Allah Allah said,
when I took the Aquila helath in mahane, Amazeen Masha in being a meme Allah condemned and wanting to know about because he used to, he used to defame others and he used to walk between them in this land them.
Anyway, then Allah gelada said, and who so ever does not repent, then such are indeed the wrongdoers woman Lamia tube for Ola aka homopolymer after mentioning law since a law, the law wants to give a chance for people to repent. And we can talk about independence. Yeah. But just because of time, you know, they're discussing about independence. But here, as we mentioned, I don't know whether we mentioned this or not. Allah, Allah, Allah always gives a chance to people to repent to go back to him. So he is saying oh, you have
To repent, as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Allah opens his hand tonight for those who commit sins at the daytime, and Elijah levada opens his hands
to accept the Cobra, who he opens his hands at daytime, for those who commit sins on the nighttime, and this will continue until the sun comes up from the west. It means just the time of the day of resurrection, our delo Allah says in the Quran in Edina Fatima Minami natives Omar me to those who killed and put money in and minute under trials and tribulations and despite that, they did not repent then Allah de la vida will punish them It means that even if you have done that, or what Allah is giving you a chance to what to repent, so just repent, repent, don't worry, repent and ask Allah, Allah for forgiveness. Let us stop here in sha Allah and we will continue the rest of the
surah and becoming part of the rest of the surah insha Allah in the next desert Willow Hara Baba Kala Pico was cinema de como una de la hora catalysis. Do we have time for questions or if you would like to ask any questions, please go ahead.
be considered what
if two parties The question is if two parties were fighting and one killed the other? Yeah, the killed one, the murdered one they killed one.
Is he considered to be a Shaheed? No.
If they were fighting unjustly, then of course the killed one is not a Shaheed the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that this community is built upon Muslim and as a matter of fact in one moku for now, if two Muslims fight each other then the murderer and killed one. Both are in enough. They said they have a Salama, we know that the one who kills isn't enough. But what about the one who was killed? Why he is enough? Yes, the prophets I send them said because he intended and he fought to kill the other.
one of the tabs
What is the best way to redress
ability to contract? Yeah.
Okay, regarding help open a bar, the rights of others, this is a common question, this is a big problem. Yeah. And it needs to be addressed. How can we repentant from that as you know, that the scholar said in order to repent from any sin, you have to stop it? Yes, you have to regret and you have to have commitment not to do it again. If that sin is connected to the light of creation, then what you have to do is to try to give them their rights, the rights that you have violated or you have taken as much as you can, as much as you can, it doesn't mean that you try and you fail and that's it okay.
We say that it depends on the rights that you have violated, a person who have violated
or have taken big amounts of money is not like a person who have taken one pound or two pounds. Yeah, a difference.
The person who caused so much injury and harm for others is not like a person who mistakenly or maybe one time he back bite the other person back back to the other person. So it differs. Now, if you have taken any physical thing, money property or something like this, then this caller said you have to return it to him or to her. If you have a slander them or back bit him in front of others, then you have to praise him in front of those whom you
back with 10
Now, if you can't do this, if you can't really count, yes, not that you were looking for him and did you did not find find him? No, you tried your best, maybe the person died or disappeared? Also, they said the best thing is, take that right? Yes, take that right, and give it as an outsider on behalf of the person whom you violated his or her right? Okay, give us a saga. Why? Because this shows that you are truly repenting from the sin. And that's why my dear respected brothers and sisters, I always say I remind myself and others, if you have two options, either you die as an oppressor, or as an oppressed. These are the two possibilities, it is better for you To what? To die as an
oppressed person. And my dear respected brothers and sisters, if you doubt the matter, just for go, you're quite okay. Because you might take the rights of other person, you might have a transaction, and then maybe you disagreement, and then you take thinking that you are taking your rights you took it? Yes. And then Believe me one time you conscious will wake up, and you will start thinking of giving this person his right, you might not find him, or he might die, he might die. There are hundreds of his stories regarding this taking gripes of each other. So we have to be very careful, very careful. Moreover, at the end of the day, if I committed or I made a mistake against you, and I
asked you for forgiveness, then Forgive me. Yeah, don't be stubborn. Because you should not live to see you, your Muslim brother, even if he is evil, you should not like to see him in the fire of hell.
Yeah. And so give him his rights. If it is possible, if not possible, give it up. If you have committed like something, not physical, you have not taken a physical property or something, then you have to praise him in front of the people whom you de praised him or defame him? Yeah.
If that is not possible, then make it still fall for him as much as you can, if you can't ask him for forgiveness. And as I said, we as believers, we should forgive each other not to be harsh against each other. And I always received this question if I forgive
my brother, if I forgive him, will this be better than getting my rights from him at the Day of Resurrection?
Yeah, this is a common question. Is it better for me to forgive him or to say I will take my rights from you as the Day of Resurrection, but without a shadow of a doubt? What forgiving him now is far better than taking your rights from him at the Day of Resurrection? By and Elijah lavalla said, well, the Abu wellnessfx who Allah do he boonah a young Pharaoh Allahu Allah come, they should forgive and pardon. Don't you like that? Allah, Allah, Allah pardons you. I did. That. If you like Allah, Allah to forgive you then forgive others. If you like Elijah, lo Allah to power the new and to deal with you like this, then you need to observe this with the Hulk. If you need the creator to
pardon you then treat his creation by pardoning them. Pardon his creation. Yes.
Believers, yeah, this includes, let's say a situation where you might have say, the suffering was demeaning or sinful Muslims fighting several which are considered believers. Maybe
Maybe they're fighting over some issue, like a photo more or video slam or something. So if they are fighting the
Yeah, the criteria of this is if there are two groups of Muslims Yeah, fighting
Then we should know who is fighting unjustly, irrespective they are forced out not for self, because maybe there are believers that are just people might fall into sins and might fight others unjustly. Yeah. So that criteria is if there are believers then try to reconcile between them. That is the criteria. If one is fighting unjustly or outrageously against the other, then you need to fight until it fight it until it complies with the commandment of Allah.
Is this referring to which side is fighting?
Or is it referring to when you create a piece? And then one of them then breaks the piece? Even if it was originally in the right, no, that's in both cases are the same. The question is if we reconcile between two parties that are fighting and then one of them broke the piece, yeah. Then do we fight this? Yes. Okay. This is one possibility. The other possibility is what
and one of them clear is clearly on the wrong side. Yeah, we need to fight the criteria is to find the one who is on the wrong side. Without we established peace between them or peace has not been established between them. If one is on the wrong side, and it refuses to go back to or to comply to the commandments of Allah, Allah Allah then we need to fight it. Yeah.
Okay, bye. There is no more question then inshallah we end and we will meet in Charlotte next Tuesday visiting law, federal law to Colombia.