Philosophy of Fasting #28
Channel: Haitham al-Haddad
Series: Haitham al-Haddad - Philosophy of Fasting
File Size: 22.25MB
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
oh one who sleeps stand up bendy Claire the 1717
Assalamualaikum and a very warm welcome to the philosophy of fasting Bismillah R Rahman Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen. All praise is due to Allah, peace and blessings be upon Mohammed, the last prophet and messenger of Allah.
As always, it's my ultimate pleasure to have in the studio, Dr. Fatima Al dad, I Salam Alikum walaikum salam ala.
Thanks so much for joining us in the studio today.
Well, Doctor, we're talking about Zika. And I want to take this time again, today we're going to talk about Zika Alfetta. But before I do so, I want to talk about very quickly the virtues of Zika before we move on to this very important subject
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim o salat wa salam ala Rasulillah. As we said, there are so many other virtues of giving sadaqa and
one of the most important virtues of sadaqa is the Hadith of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sahbihi wa sallam, when he was addressing it, you have not heard him or the Allahu Taala and who and he said that it Canara
put a shield between you and the fire of hell with anything, anything you can do, when a bishop determines even by giving a sadhaka off half a date, yes, have a date you know a date Yes, how to fit, give it a soda, it might be what it might be the screen between you and the fire of Subhan Allah. And then the Prophet sallallahu sallam said, If you do not find that piece of data or if you could not pay that piece of data as a sadhaka, then became a temple either by having a good word, yes to others, speaking nicely to others. So
see, imagine imagine this half a date will be considered what will be considered sadaqa that might save you from the fire of hell at the Day of Resurrection Subhan Allah Allah and this reminds us of
the the importance of doing good deeds in general Allah, Allah Allah says with Allah will hire and the Prophet sallallahu sallam said, couldn't know mahalo feel sadaqa In fact, this this opens another subject maybe we do not have time for it. But the other subject is any good deed is considered to be a sadhaka.
And that's why some when the prophets Allah, Allah, Allah sent them said, there is a sidecar compulsory upon every joint of you every day.
So the prophets Allah Allah Allah send them said, seeing Subhanallah is just like Alhamdulillah sadaqa Kulu Kulu Middleton sadaqa coolutils Be hatin sadaqa and so on. It is considered to be sadaqa, saying Subhan Allah Alhamdulillah Allah, what is a sadaqa then the Prophet Allah wa sallam said, I'm Ron Bilbao roofie mancha is a sadaqa. In joining the good forbidding the evil, even is outside Dhaka. And the other narration of the Hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, If you help a person to ride his mount, is considered to be a sadhaka. Look at this. So the prophets Allah Allah listen them here is what is widening the scope of sadaqa is not limited to the money
that you give. Why is this because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wants to tell us that those poor people who cannot who do not have surplus or do not have money to give us a sadaqa they can give other forms of sadaqa by helping others by being charitable to others of course, and this is the meaning of Alia Dhulia the upper hand because the upper hand is the hand that gives that provides and one
means we have more upper hand than lower hands, we will, we will see what we will see improved in the welfare system, of course, and Ramadan is a very noble opportunity for us, my dear respected brothers and sisters to improve the welfare system, how can we improve the welfare system, the welfare system improves by a charity, with its full capacity and the charity, in its full capacity, it starts from the heart when the person wants to be charitable to others. Definitely. And if I may
emphasize on this point, the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam says the best of people is what is who is the best for people? Yes. Look, in the Hadith that we mentioned in the beginning, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam widen the scope of what of sadaqa that all charitable activities considered to be sadaqa even if you do not give anything, but the prophets Allah, Allah, Allah seldom hear in this hadith, he confirms that and to in the other Hadith the Prophet SAW Selim said kulula autofunnel sadaqa any good deed is considered to be sadaqa. Then in this hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the best of people is the best for people. The best for people
normally is the one who gives them, the one who helps them, the one who is a charitable to them, the one who is cheerful to them, the one who is nice to them. And we would like to ask all of our brothers and sisters, to try to give a charity in this month of Ramadan, and to give this charity in its full capacity, definitely not just the pocket money of the people give. Exactly. Dr. Athan, it's so true. What I hear from this is magnificent. And I just want to stress what you're trying to say to us, or I guess what you are saying to us, okay, look, if you haven't got the financial stability to give financially, then you have to give by other means. Could this be like for example, if you
have earrings, gold earrings, or you have meat or something like this, could you give this is that? Of course. Yeah, of course. Of course, this is other than the good activities that we can do, that can be that are considered as solder. But as you said, in fact,
there is amazing Hadith the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam once came to the shell of the law town, and they slaughtered a sheep. Right and then the Prophet SAW Selim want you to eat from that sheep. And he said, give us some food, give us some of the meat of this sheep. She said
the hubba kulula.
He said that she said that her bucola Most of it gone yeah rasool Allah, we gave it us a sadhaka.
The Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, No Bucha cola.
Most of it remained.
Not the most of it, gum.
No, most of it remained remained as what?
Because of the reward of Yes, obviously the reward, if we consume it, it will go.
It will be really, God. Yes. But if we give it as a charity, Allah will keep it for us. And Allah will increase it for us. Yes, that's why the prophets I send them says most of it is remaining. Not you cannot say most of it has gone. And also in there. In the other Hadith the Prophet SAW, Selim said, Don't belittle any amount of sadaqa that you give to your neighbor. In fact, the Prophet SAW Selim was addressing women.
Did you think women in particular, don't belittle any amount of meat or food? Or you know, the whole Hove of the sheep?
The Yeah, it's called the hoof. hoof. Yes, sorry, hoof of the sheep. Don't believe it, to give it as a sadhaka to your neighbor.
Because this hoof can be cooked and at that time, because you know, of poverty, etc. Until now people eat it. We eat it now. Yes, of course in Egypt is a well known meal. But anyway, the prophets I seldom said Don't belittle
who've of a sheep to be given us outside. Exactly. So anything can be given us other
See, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam told women that if you give sadaqa from the money of your husband, and the husband is accepting this, it will be, it will be sadaqa for him, and it will be sadaqa for you as well. In another amazing Hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, if you have a farm,
a farm with fruit, if that birds eat from your farm, provided that you accept it and use your Hamdulillah, okay, you accept it, and you are not saying or they are eating the fruit, and you start being annoyed because of this and not happy. And you wish if they did not eat it, if that feeling is not there, it will be considered as Asada costs for you. So look at this. It's definitely true. Doctor, I just want to share a point with you, where we're mentioned giving sadaqa had a personal experience here in Egypt, or Hamdulillah. You know, God gave me the strength to be here, when you see some people that do need your support. And it's very difficult to distinguish who does need your
support, because there are many people here. However, I saw one person, and obviously he was mentally challenged. And I went to him. And I started to give, he recognized this. And he said, no, no.
Why, why is he
Do you know I grabbed his hand, and I took him to the nearest store. And he was pointing food, food like this. Neither of us could speak I can't speak Arabic. And you know, may God guide him and guide me even more. He pointed to the food and I felt so humble. It was like it was amazing. It was so shocking for me to to
I would just take him home. See, that's why giving a charity Subhanallah is very important. And it is very important for the Muslim community not to leave any person under the line of poverty follow stop. Yes, Ramadan is a very important opportunity for this. This is the real philosophy of Ramadan definitely is that the people, it changed their attitude the people, it changed some of their morals bad bad o'clock bad characters that they just have such as being stingy miser, very tight. The Prophet SAW Selim said he is not among us, the one who stays over and his neighbor is hungry. Definitely. Thank you so much, Doctor. That's all we have time for right now. In this part, well, I
guess guys are told the viewers, what we're trying to say here is remember the importance of sadaqa we're just going to take a quick break. Stay tuned. Assalamualaikum welcome
Assalamualaikum and a very warm welcome back to the philosophy of fasting. Doctor before the break, we were talking about you know, sadaqa and I want to take this opportunity right now to talk about zadock Alfetta. What is the difference between Zedekiah and Zedek Alfetta.
Man over him and him the last salatu salam ala Rasulillah
see, we have sadaqa in general right. So, that can be obligatory and can be voluntarily right the obligate to the solder cup is of two types, the normal Zika
the normal Zika the yield is occur right for those who have a certain amount of savings
and we have the other Zika which is the Zika that has to be paid in Ramadan before lead.
This Zika is a special form of Zika that is that is known as the cartoon filter right Zika Topher or sadaqat oil filter, okay, why because it is linked to filter.
So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told us about the wisdom of the cartel filter and IDT been abuzz about the Allahu Taala and hope that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam obliged the cattle further for two reasons. Okay, the prophesized obliging cattle fertile as a purification from the fast
purification for the past for the fasting person from veiny speech and in decent activities right okay Venus peach fowl is PJs by the speech bad language that he used during his fasting right here and there may be some statements that came from him and so on, for sure, and in decent activities that he carried that that he carried out to during his fasting that cannot be considered as act that nullify his fast and that might not be seen as major sins I see. So as a purification from those, okay, as well as the second wisdom behind the cartel photo, as what as little Misaki Brahma means food for the poor people before the day have a say. And the other Hadith the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi salam said, I will know Him and it's too early I will
make them self sufficient right, in terms of food, in terms of
eating before the day of aid, see, see you can see that
the car, the car is money is a cow or wealth is a car has some different purposes. Some of those purposes or purposes of Zika are similar to the purpose of the cattle photo, but some are different. So, they are are their own unique rulings for Zika in general, and there are certain specific rulings for the car to FERPA
one specific ruling regarding Zakat and federal is that the timing of it is linked to what is linked to aid. So, it is before aid and one of its main purposes is that the people the poor people will not beg
people money to eat for eating not for clothing, not for other things to eat, because this is the main need for human beings is to have their stomachs full
before the day of aid, that is the purpose of the carrot alpha.
also also we would like to mention that the carton filters the carton photo has some other equalities right such as as a cattle filter has to be given as food because we said that the main purpose of it is food to feed people other than as a purification. So, it has to be given as food for the poor people the normal Zika the normal data is to be given from the wealth itself okay. So, if you have gold or silver, you should give Zika for gold and silver from the gold and silver itself. I see if you have other types of money such as cash whatever, you I mean cash in pounds, yes sir dollars cash in other currency you need to give it from that currency or whatever what is equal
to that currency I see. You know, the car is obligatory on cattles. So you need to give the car from cattles themselves, but here, there is a car of favor, it should be given us what as food, according to the majority of his colors, according to Shafi, Maliki and Hanbali school of thought, now the Hanafis they allowed it to be given as what as money. Now this is their opinion, however, the opinion of the Doom horse goes in tandem with the prophetic statements Yes, and with the wisdom of the cattle fatter even, because the purpose of the cattle fertile is not like the purpose is not fully like the purpose of the normal Zika.
And that's why they said the cattle photos, according to the other a hadith is meant only to provide food
to provide to fill the stomachs of people either before the day of Eid, or they can have food for the rest of the year. Yes, only food now the other the car will serve and will fulfill the other requirements for the poor people. Yes
such as clothing if they need clothing, if they need, for example, shelter if they need a house and so on. Yes, okay, of course. So there are differences, because here people always discuss this issue, why don't we give the cutter footer as money, right? He said that this is an act of a Buddha. And this is a different act of a bar that we have to understand the spirit of this a body and the spirit of this idea and there are differences between those two about that.
And hence, this a bad day should be done according to the instructions of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam and this should be done according to the other instructions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam this is these are some of the differences.
In fact, there is one more difference if I may say SCO
zakat, Al Mal, the normal Zeca of money of wealth or properties is linked to the money.
But the capital
that is given before the age time is linked to the personality to the individuals, okay. And as a result of this, what happens is that
if you are living in a place, then you should give the car there's a cartoon photo, wherever you live, see, but the car till now,
if your wealth in a country, for example, you live here in Egypt, and your money, part of it is in England, yes. Another part, let's say in, in America, yes. Okay. Then, technically speaking, the money that you have in Britain
should, or there's a cow of the money that is in Britain should be given in Britain, right? There's a cap on the money that is in America should be given in America technically.
But now there is a discussion if Britain and America are rich countries, and there are hardly any poor people, should we give Zika the normal Zika there or not. But I just want to explain that one of the main differences between the Zika of fatal and normal Zika, the normal Zika is linked to the wealth itself. So the nature of the wealth, and wherever the wealth is, of course, but the cartel factor is linked to the person. So that's why it should be given as food. And moreover, it is linked to where the person resides Subhanallah these are some other differences between both and that's why people should not discuss this issue always. Oh, shall we give the carton footer as money? Why not?
People now are self sufficient or people are not in need for, for for food, etc. So we should not give it as food we say no, these are two different about that, that have to be dealt with different that said, I'm so sorry, Sheikh. We've run out of time. I've got so many more questions that I want to ask you. Inshallah, I may be able to have a chance next time to ask you these questions. Thank you so much for joining us in the studio today. Well, again, the viewers, brothers and sisters, I hope you've actually taken hint of what the doctor has that it has to say. And until next time, I'll leave you in the safe care of Allah Assalamu alaikum welcome