Ramadan Workshop #2
Channel: Hacene Chebbani
File Size: 74.37MB
Episode Transcript ©
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala Ashrafi mousseline, so you didn't know Hamid while early he was Sufi Germaine
so the brothers and sisters will continue tonight inshallah with our program about Ramadan and why we should care about Ramadan.
In the last halacha we talked about what the Quran said about Ramadan
and in this halacha inshallah we'll try to focus on what the second source of guidance in our deen said about Ramadan which is the sunnah of our messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
But before talking about what what the Sunnah, said about Ramadan, he would like to mention something
about the wisdom behind this diversity, this variety of we have variety of facts of worship.
So we have a salad which is
a physical act of worship, we have a hash which includes some financial obligations and you have to make a trip. You go to Makkah and Medina
and it includes some physical activities and you have to spend some money.
We have zakat, which is based on financial, you know, donations you have to give for the sake of Allah Subhana Allah Allah. So Allah Subhana Allah, Allah made it this way to, to keep the element to Allahu Allah and the element of excitement and motivation. Imagine if we, if Allah subhanaw taala only prescribed fasting, we have to fast like every second day, for example, have to be hangry for the whole year. I mean, it will be difficult for people to, you know, to fulfill their duties towards Allah subhanho wa taala. And it will be kind of boring. There is no excitement. When you think about the Salah, the five daily prayers, we start our daily prayers with the fajr prayer Torah
casts, and then are for something different, then you have to concentrate now our entire doing though you have to concentrate, you're not doing three, you're not doing two, you're doing four.
So you concentrate on your API that is not does not become a routine, something that you do it automatically. And it was all the time in the same way. Like if you think about the Fatiha for example, the Vatican
is a great Surah it's a beautiful surah. But we take it for granted.
Because we do it every day, we recited every day more than 17 times. We started the Fatiha by saying Al Hamdulillah maybe we remember it hamdulillah and then we don't pay attention until we say what ball lien. But in between, we don't remember anything because we do it on a daily basis.
And we do it the same way. So here Allah subhanaw taala has prescribed different acts of worship. So we can be in sha Allah all the time, excited, motivated, and I am sure that the believers the true believers nowadays are very happy and looking forward to fasting the month of Ramadan. They are happy because Ramadan is coming.
The true believers
with Allah subhanaw taala and inshallah Anna minha. Another another piece of wisdom for Allahu Allah, Allah Allah, the element of testing is still there to Allah Subhana Allah wants to want you to test the believers because there are people who worship Allah subhanaw taala based on their desires.
They do things because they like to do them, they love to do them.
So Allah subhanaw taala has prescribed those different acts of worship
to see who will obey Allah subhanaw taala all times
in all circumstances.
And the this is the quality of true believers they do whatever Allah subhanaw taala wants them to do on that specific time with those specific conditions. For example, someone I'll give you an example. Someone likes to read the Quran, which is good hamdulillah and he's in the masjid sitting down reading the Quran reciting the book of Allah subhanaw taala. And after they made an announcement, they made it make an announcement that there is the revision as a prayer
Allah Subhan Allah Allah based on what we know, in the Quran, sunnah for messenger SallAllahu so at that specific moment, Allah Subhana Allah wants that servant to be participating in what? In the Janaza because that's a bad awful works.
He wants you to be doing this even though Quran is good, it's another act of worship.
But some people might say no, I don't I don't want to do it. I'll keep just reading Quran
Yeah, not doing a sin, because Salah to Janaza is not an obligation.
But this is not what Allah wants you to do at that moment.
So the element of testing is there you are tested. By doing by going through this variety of acts of worship Allah Allah Allah Allah
rasool Allah Azza. Selim based on the Hadith, different Hadith in the Sunnah, he said, fasting is a shield against the fire of hell, the punishment of Allah subhanho wa Taala
and it is a shield against one's desires, and also angry disputes.
Because there is a Hadith in which Allah so Allah Azza wa sallam said fasting is a shield against the punishment of Allah. This hadith is
a CMO junortoun mean either be Allah is Allah subhanaw taala Salam, O laffy,
in a different Hadith, which is a good see Hadith and this is a beautiful Hadith about fasting. He said Rasulillah Salam said,
and this is a Bucha Hadith. That means the meaning is coming from Allah subhanho wa taala. But the wording came from the words came from Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it's not like Quran. But still, this is not a statement. You cannot attribute the statement to Rasul Allah Azza wa sallam.
Because the meaning is coming from Allah, Allah commanded him to send this message, to convey this message to the believers through this way, the Kotze Hadith. So he says, every action of the son of Adam is given money for reward.
Each good deed each good deed receiving 10 times it's like up to 700. So ALLAH SubhanA, Allah might give you 10 100 For one deed and might give you more up to 700. So this is the maximum based on this hadith, the maximum reward that you can get for every deed, but there is one exception, and that is fasting.
This rule does not apply to fasting because Allah says Selim said, based on what Allah subhanaw taala revealed to him, Allah the most I said, except for fasting, it is for me,
and I will give recompense for it. So which means that the Muslims Allah made it secret.
Allah Subhana Allah Kate kept it as a secret and you will find out about it on the Day of Judgment. It's like a surprise a gift
you have in the box, and then you will be happy because you got a good gift from your dad or mom
or a family member. Willa Hill method will Allah and Allah loves the highest example. So Allah subhanaw taala said, and he in this hadith Rasul Allah said, and told us about the reason he leaves off his desires and his food for me, because you made this effort you made this step you left food and drink, and the other types of desires for the sake of Allah Subhana Allah, Allah, and Allah knows that you are doing it for his sake. And we know that fasting increases our sincerity in sha Allah worthless, because everyone is able to go home, go to the kitchen, lock the door and eat right? Anyone can see him but Allah subhanaw taala is there and Allah subhanaw taala
is able to see him.
So now because you don't do that, you don't break your fast and you keep fasting for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala Allah subhanaw taala has prepared for you great reward. He didn't tell us how much but he kept it secret secret. And I didn't I don't know any other Ibadah any other act of worship that was described in the sunnah or in the Quran to have, you know, this virtue or the sign of excellence? I don't know any other Ibadah
Allahu taala. Adam. The only this statement from Rasool Allah as I said Lim was made only about fasting
In a different Hadith Rasulullah saw Salam said
the Paradise has eight gates agenda to La Familia to Abba. One of them is called the Rayyan only the first thing people people who used to perform fasting can come through it. And this hadith is in Bukhari and Muslim.
But there is another Hadith in which Rasul Allah Selim he said each group of people is called to enter Paradise by a dog named after the kind of Ibadah the kind of good deeds they used to do.
So, when you put these two a hadith together then you come up with this question Okay. What is so, what is special about Ramadan? If there is a door for every special every good deed right.
So what is special about Ramadan?
What they believe will Allah Allah Allah, there is more emphasis that is given to her mother because Rasul Allah Azza wa sallam named the gate
and he singled out Ramadan in this hadith, he said the people who are fasting they have a special gate and it is named Orion. Just think about it when you know members of diplomatic missions move to another country they are given a special treatment right? Because the whole the carry diplomatic passport
you know the the represent the government. So they are given a special treatment. So Allah Subhana Allah will be given to the special treatment to the people of fasting on the Day of Judgment because of their fasting and they will be and that is they're allowing them to go to Janna through this door and no one else. No one else will go through the store except the people are fasting and it is called Ariane uma Jota Anna Anna
in a different Hadith Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the change in the breath of the mouth of him who fast is better in Allah's estimation. Then the fragrance fragrance fragrance of musky than the smell of musk
and of course also nice SLM is not talking about you know this artificial muscle that we buy in the stores or people are selling beside the doors of the massage it this cheap type of mask that's always SLM he's not talking about this he's talking the pure misc musk and this Musk he said it is a greasy secretion with a powerful odor and it is found produced in a glandular sack that is found beneath an animal that is called Musk dill and it is found in Australia I think, I don't know if it is found in Arabic I'm not sure but it was used in the old times it was used
to make perfume
or those perfume those types of perfumes were very expensive. So so last SLM is talking about this natural, pure musk, it has a very powerful odor. So now you meet the fasting person and you might become offended by his the smell of his breath right.
But Allah's estimation is different than estimation phase creation in Allah has no sight. This breath is better than the breath the smell of mosque. So Allah subhanho wa Taala Anita Cabella Amina Jamia.
One is Allah Allah, Allah cm.
In a different Hadith Hassan Lai sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the one who fast Olivia soon experiences to joys and Elissa AMI Farhatullah for Hatoum endemic in the federal who have written in the record Arabic. So he feels pleasure when he breaks the fast and he will be happy by virtue of his fasting or his fast when he meets his Lord, when he meets Allah subhanho wa taala.
He will be happy at the time of, you know, at the time of event because it's, it's eating time.
That could be the reason without Allah, Allah or the other reason is he will be happy, proud of himself he made some achievement, especially if he fasted for like, you know, 18 hours is not something easy, right? He will be happy because this is a spiritual type of a kind of spiritual achievement. He achieved something he was able to control his desires for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala for 18 hours. There are people who cannot do it.
There are people who cannot do it. I know about some people who cannot do it. I mean, they can do it if they want, but they try to come up with excuses. Especially in this country and people who work in the summer. There are people who do some photoshopping before Ramadan looking for a rasa for a concession.
And the owner Maddie said the source of their happiness on the Day of Judgment, when they meet Allah subhanho wa Taala is nothing but that great reward that Allah subhanaw taala has promised, and has made the secret
a great reward that Allah subhanho wa Taala and how much is great in the sight of Allah subhanaw taala when Allah said, I have repaired as your RV, I have prepared the great reward. If I say I have, I will give you great in who gifts I mean, what do you expect from me? What do you expect from me?
Oh, even a famine if you become I mean, you try to imagine the maximum you can go with maybe a car right? a used car.
Because I'm a human being I'm cool. But if methylene the Prime Minister tells you I'm inviting tonight to inviting you to a dinner you expect a fancy dinner right? If the king or the queen invite invites people expect something better, right? Well Illa Hill methadone Allah Unto Allah belongs to the highest example and Allah subhanaw taala said I have prepared for my servants, which new i has ever seen. So if you try to imagine the pleasure of Jannah try to imagine you can't why because it's something that you did not see it in this life is something different. I tried to do it. Mmm, I'm sure you do it right. You try to imagine the pleasure of Jamna sometimes I try to imagine a big
palace. And you know, and fancy clothes and I imagine myself
I hope that there will be one of the people who Jamna insha Allah. So Allah subhanaw taala Jelena mina regenda. Jamia, we tried to imagine but you always compare with what you have seen in the studio.
Your imagination is limited, your knowledge is limited.
Because that is your human experience. And that's it. But Allah subhanaw taala said, My reward goes beyond this. I have prepared for my servants which new AI has ever seen, which no ear has ever heard.
And which no mind or heart has ever thought of as Allah subhanaw taala and halogen
so this is great. The words are great in the sight of Allah subhanaw taala we know the word but we don't know the reality of this world.
And people will find out the people of gender and find out about it on the Day of Judgment.
In Ramadan Eva was made easier one and Allah Subhana Allah is Hala motivating the believers helping them trying to help them inviting them to get ready
to roll up their sleeves. The hadith in Bukhari and Muslim. Plus Allah Azza Salam said in this hadith one Ramadan begins, the gates of Jannah are opened. And this is a sign of invitation you are invited.
God gates of Jannah are opened and the gates of hell are closed.
Which means Allah Subhana Allah is minimizing the ways of evil. Why? Because the devils are chained to that means if we do something bad, it's coming out of our our own knifes our own it's it's our own desires cannot blame shaitan
based on one of the explanations that all devils are chained another interpretation they said only the the worst of them towards type of devils. The leaders are chained up Allah Allah, Allah Allah.
Allah knows best.
But if we do something bad, so we have to blame ourselves in Ramadan.
And this is a sign of as I said, sign of Allah's love and mercy in Ramadan. He's opening the gates of
Jannah which is a sign that he will be forgiving people that that more people will be admitted into agenda. But more people will get their sins forgiven.
that more people will be saved from hellfire in Ramadan because the gates of Jahannam are closed
and the gates have
the importance of Yeah, one of preparing ourselves for Ramadan.
And studying about Ramadan and talking about Ramadan. Even though we do the same thing we talk about the same subject we mentioned the same Hadith every year. We mentioned the same as we have only five eight in Surah Al Baqarah, talking about Ramadan, and we need to review this every year. The importance of doing this comes from the fact that people will be divided in every Ramadan into two groups, winners and losers.
And we want to be among the winners. Why? Because in a hadith, a famous Hadith that was collected by a b Hurayrah. Narrated by Abu Hurayrah the Allahu Anhu he said, rasool Allah is SLM ascended the member
ascended the member, and he said Amin, Amin, amin three times.
And then he was asked Ali salatu salam, why did you do that?
So he said, Gibreel and SLM came to me, when I was ascending the member.
And he said to Muhammad Sallallahu, alayhi wa sallam Rahima and for me in
America, when he they he, I had the humor.
When I'm used to Helia Jana, I will appear to be Hema agenda. He said my his role knows be wrapped with dust,
who lives to see his parents grow older, grew old. And they don't take him to Jannah or he does not enter Paradise by virtue, by the virtue of serving them
and obeying them.
So he was alive. When his parents were old, he was supposed to serve them to obey them to take care of them, he did not fulfill his duties towards his parents. And then this is a do actually Gibreel is making a dua against him. Because this man is a loser. He has lost a great opportunity it is the parent is a gay two agenda. Like Ramadan has a special gate also the parent is a gate to agenda.
So if you take care of your parents, you do it with the intention. Because our love for parents is natural, right? Even non Muslims love their parents
and take care of them. But you do it as a Muslim with a different intention. You know that Allah Subhana Allah wants you to take care of your parents, be nice to them, treat them with kindness, and then you do it for his sake. So you earn two things, the love of your parents have a good relationship with your parents. And you earn the love of Allah Subhana Allah because Allah subhanaw taala will be pleased with you. So this is the first Amin so once you bring in made the statement Rasulillah Salam
said me and then the second time he said that having my own formula in America Ramadan, well a meal for low is it may the nose, may his nose be wrapped with the dust who witnessed who was able to witness Ramadan and his sins were not forgiven?
That is a problem here.
That is the problem here. Now the question is how how do I get my my sins forgiven in Ramadan? That is the question.
There are people who are preparing for Ramadan by preparing by what I heard about,
about a radio a famous radio in a Muslim country and that is supposed to be practicing Sharia in a very good Muslim country. These radio has bought an amount a big quantity of songs
with a big amount of money to be broadcasted during
Ramadan songs. There are people who are preparing some drama so movies
there are people who are waiting for Ramadan so they can sleep during the day and watch movies and go with their friends and play. Know the play the cards and they play different games in coffee shops in Ramadan. So there are people who witnessed Ramadan and they don't get actually their sins forgiven the might increase the number of their sins. So Rasul Allah has SLM here her Gibreel
making the statement and Rasul Allah says me.
He said that having an infirmary in Africa Ramadan, well, I'm you for now and the third one, he said Gibreel said Rafi my Infirmary in do kilter in the who will amuse only Alec Allahumma salli wa salam ala Nabina Muhammad. So he said, may his nose be wrapped with with the dust, the one whom you are mentioned in front of him in front of his, in his presence, and he does not send his prayers and blessings upon you upon the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So, whenever we hear the name of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we should send our prayers and blessings upon him Ali Salah to a sinner. So this is a conversation that took place between Gibreel and a seller and
between us Rama Salam, and as Allah says him who's making what saying me, but this is an information that we got about Ramadan
and a different Hadith Rasulillah Salam confirmed this meaning about people who will actually witness Ramadan, but he will not get their sins forgiven. He said perhaps a fasting person will receive nothing from his fasting except hunger and thirst he will be hungry like everyone who will be thirsty like everyone, but he does not increase his rewards or he he sends it not forgiveness Allah subhanaw taala cinema and IV
Now, I would like to mention few things about what invalidates it first and what does not and we can have discussion about these things together.
Some rolana have mentioned few of them, I just have a short list here we had a nosebleed if you get a nosebleed and Ramadan, then this will not affect your your fasting there are people who have weird beliefs method and about using shampoo during Ramadan.
They some people believe if you use shampoo during Ramadan, then your first is not valid, no it is valid it has nothing to do with eating, drinking, nothing is going inside your system, your body, it does not affect your your fasting. If you are using perfume, it does not
it does not affect your fasting.
But here we're talking about nosebleed if you get a nosebleed and blood is coming out of your nose, then it does not affect your fasting. When it comes to vomiting, there are two types of vomiting there is natural vomiting and there is induced vomiting. So the induced vomiting
invalidate breaks the fast but the natural vomiting if someone is overwhelmed and he vomits
so then his fast is still is still valid insha Allah
if you take a meningitis vaccination, flu shots and other non nutritional types of vaccination,
then all these vaccination did not invalidate your fast. Your fast is still okay.
Smoking, what do you think about smoking?
It does the brakes fast. Yeah. We talked about this thing last time that we should we said if someone is
moving Taylor behind, behind in masiva.
Yeah, and if someone is struggling with himself, about smoking than it is a great opportunity to quit smoking in Ramadan.
And we said why? Because you'd be fasting for 18 hours. 18 hours, right? And then at 10 o'clock, you're gonna eat, she tried to control yourself your desire to have a cigarette during that hour, and you try to go to Tara with prayer at 1130. Then after Tara with prayer, it is when you complete your terror with prayer, it will be 1230 don't have time to smoke, you'll be driving by going back home, be tired.
You should go to bed and wake up before Fajr there should be no time for a cigarette just takes a hole and then you'll be fasting again.
So for one month insha Allah if you keep doing the same thing for one month, hopefully Allah Subhana Allah will give you the power. Especially if you have the intention. Everything starts with the intention the right intention.
If we're struggling with smoking with any problem,
if we have the intention to get rid of it, then Allah subhanaw taala will help you would help us insha Allah will help me and help you. Because we are humans we are weak. We have our own weaknesses.
We just have to make this first step, firm intention to correct ourselves to train ourselves to become better Muslims.
nasal sprays do not affect the fast do not but the earlier method is better to do them during nighttime. Why? Because there is a Hadith in which Rasulillah Salam said Ben is released in sha Allah and to Kuta saw Amon he did he did he said snuff up water deeply unless you are fasting unless you are fasting. So there are some rhythm I said it does not
you know affect the fast thing then Rasul Allah says silom will have no reason to tell you avoid sniffing up water deeply why he would give you this advice if this water will not affect your fasting.
He said do not do it deeply unless you are fasting so if you are fasting do not do it deeply. Try to be careful. So he said he said if anything goes through the nose and goes inside your system, it should break the fast but Wallah who are alive here because the nasal sprays do not go usually do not go inside. So the owner Maddy said usually they denote a fact they will fast but we have to be careful it's better to do them at nighttime eyedrops do not affect your fasting eardrops do not affect your fasting what else
Yeah, it does not affect your fasting it does not but when you raise your mouth do not try to put your your head down when you throw water down then sha Allah to try to be careful
and then shallow fussing will be fine. Yeah if you brush your teeth is what you mean. Yeah, it is not affect you fasting
this this is the virtue of many Allah Tala if you want to avoid it you can avoid it and use the seawork
I mean it's up to you it becomes a personal choice
these blood does not affect is blood is coming from your teeth is not affected or fasting
there's not from the nose or yes
try to stay away from them
the smell is not the problem but the problem is the said smoke has has a germ it has
it might go inside
the smoke itself it may go inside your body and then to affect your fasting so it's better to stay away actually you should stay away from people who are smoking in Ramadan. Yes.
So people are comfortable talking about smoking. Is that concerning just some people
say it again. So when you go okay
well it is not induced vomiting because you didn't intend to induce vomiting is when you don't feel good about something you ate. And you put your your finger inside and make yourself to vomit if they brush their tongue in the form it later on and it's not it's not doesn't seem to me to me it doesn't seem that it is an induced vomiting said some people want to brush their tongue and then they might vomit later on.
I didn't know about that loud. Yeah, but I don't believe it's an induce vomiting is when you do it on purpose. Allah Allah Allah Allah
What about if someone eats and drink by mistake during Ramadan?
still valid so fasting still valid uttama hula was aka Allah subhanaw taala has fed him and gave him to drink it's a mistake. It should be fine.
As long as you do don't do it on purpose.
For forgot hamdulillah Allah subhanho wa Taala will forgive inshallah our witnesses our mistakes
Yeah, go ahead.
Medicine, medicine if you take medicine it goes inside and it will affect your fasting
insulin does not
It is not effective fasting without Allah.
But if someone just second if someone goes to the hospital, and instead of giving him food, we give him this, what is called
IV drops, IV drops, right? This IV drops, usually it is nutritional, it is mad for nutrition, it will affect the fasting.
So this is how we distinguish between traditional and non nutritional injections. We're Allah to Allah.
Breastfeeding a woman breastfeeding her child, it is not, does not affect. But by the way, talking about pregnant woman, and women who are breastfeeding, they have the rasa to break their fast.
They have the rasa to break their fast. And as a rule, if a woman is the pregnant woman is not feeling well, then the baby is not feeling well.
And if the pregnancy is in the late stages, like in this six months and up 6789 I would advise my sisters to break their fast for the whole month. Because during these periods, the baby needs some nutrition and fasting for 18 hours will make him tired. And he's not supposed to fast. He's not.
So if she's not feeling well, he's not feeling well, that maybe he's not feeling well. This is a rule. I don't Sherry as given this concession, this rasa, she shouldn't do it with a feeling of guilt. He's not guilty.
This is a Roxa remember last time we talked about the concept of user the concept of ease in our Sharia, you read Allah who will use it up whenever you read to become an Rasul Allah intends for you is, and he does not intend to make things difficult for you. And these these concessions are actually different types of ease Allah subhanaw taala is making it easy for the believers believing man and woman. So if she's pregnant, when when the pregnancy is in the early stages, then it's up to her. It's her personal choice. If she feels tired, extremely tired, she feels like she has to break the fast. She has the rocks up to break the fast because she's she's pregnant.
That is the inner the inner here is not that the pregnancy is in the third month of the fourth month or the sixth month. This information we got it from medical doctors. But the Sherry I says when she is pregnant, when the INLA of breaking the fast is there they enter the effective cause a visionary a ruling
like when traveling when you are traveling to what is the aina of the Sharia of the concession of breaking the fast or shortening the pace, what is the ELA what is the effective cause what have caused the Sharia rule? Because Allah subhanaw taala is Hakeem. And there is no evidentiary ruling has a leg behind it and he has a hikma and it is linked with hikma but there is a difference between hikma which is the wisdom behind prescribing the Sharia ruling, and between the elder that has affected the Sharia ruling.
So when talking about traveling, what is the hikma of method and prescribing the breaking of the fast?
For example, what is the hikma and what is their ELA?
What is the HCA their wisdom?
They recognize to relieve the believers to make it easy for them.
Really relieving them from hardship.
But how about if someone is traveling by plane for four hours and said I don't feel tired? I'm fine.
Is he allowed to break his fast or not? He still allowed he still allowed because he Sharia here does not care about the hikma he cares about the ALA de la he is there. He is a traveling person. And that's it. Even if he feels fine, he's allowed to break his fast
and he's allowed to shorten his prayers and combined between the prayers. This is a Rama of Allah subhanaw taala the ram of this team and we will we don't have knowledge about this then we become rigid. We become extremist we become we will start making things difficult to people and I have seen people looking at other people breaking their fast in the plane looking at them down like they were not happy
this guy is breaking his fast Why are you doing it? I mean he's panda traveling and I must Panther Allah has given
In this concession this rasa, why are you trying to make things difficult for people?
But if you break your fast because you were pregnant, or you were traveling, or you were sick, we'll talk about sickness now here, then you have to make up the day. You have because there are some people who said who thought I got this question before? Are we supposed to make up the facet or not? Of course you are supposed to it's like a game it's like a debt you break the fast today because you're traveling you're sick you're pregnant, but you have pregnant woman there are many pregnant women who believe that we don't have to fast they just have to pay for the day they feed they have to feed the person like a poor person. No this is not right. This is not right. They don't have to
We have to first we have to make up the day before next Ramadan.
If they are not able to to make up those days before Ramadan, we can still because they are breastfeeding most likely they will be breastfeeding their babies then they still have the rocks of breaking the fast not fasting
and then second Ramadan comes they had an excuse. So they now this lady First Lady will talk about the first case she has an excuse she was not able to make up those days before next Ramadan. It's okay It's fine. She can fast because the second Ramadan without making up the other days from the first Ramadan and she is supposed to make up those days that she missed in the first Ramadan after the second Ramadan is gone. Right she didn't have to pay anything. Now the second case another lady who actually she had an excuse and she benefited from this Roxa she broke her fast in Ramadan and she was supposed to make up those days before an extra Ramadan because but out of laziness, she was
lazy and she didn't care about her day by that she did not make up those days. Then this lady she has after the second Ramadan anti Ramadan second Ramadan comes then after the second Ramadan is over, she has to make up those days from the first Ramadan and pay for every day.
I mean by I mean by paying feeding a poor person giving him a meal, or the minimum amount of food or money is one. For example, one kilogram and half of rice for example, for one person for one day, or feeding, giving him a meal a complete meal, lunch or dinner, Allah to Allah
because the case of a pregnant woman is like a sick person. And sick people are two types. There are people who have permanent sickness, permanent sickness, they have no hope to recover in the future, then they have the they're not supposed to fast. And if the fast and hurt themselves, then they might be sinful if they hurt themselves.
Okay, they are not supposed to fast and they are supposed to feed for every day one person, those people who have permanent sickness, like someone who has diabetes or any major sickness and it will be very difficult for him to to fast in Ramadan, then he is not supposed to fast and he will Inshallah, who will pay or feed the person for every day. But those people who are sick, but their sickness is not permanent, their hope to recover is a temporary sickness, then they don't have to pay anything. You don't have to feed anyone. They just have to make up those days break the fast, but it has to be a severe sickness. Jonnie headache is not an excuse. A tooth ache is not an excuse,
unless it is severe, then you cannot have the fasting. That's a different story.
But you're not feeling well. You have a headache, and no, this is not an excuse. He has to be sick, and he does not have to reach the level where you cannot handle it without fasting. He said I'll be patient, I'll be patient, I'll be patient until like four o'clock in the afternoon. And he say no, I cannot handle it. Now. I have to break the fast. No, the Sharia does not ask you to do that. If you are sick, you know you are sick. It will be tired or your sickness will be increased you will be extremely tired, your sickness will be increased then you will have the rasa you have the roof sir to break your fast from the morning. Like in other time of 5g, you make the knee and not too fast.
Well Allah Allah Allah
It depends and when we talk about mental sicknesses if someone is crazy like he's
like when you forget, right so like when you get to a certain age you start forgetting demand dementia.
So you just forget, forget about where you need to get resumes and all of that. And then they're kind of edited.
If they are not local if they reach the level of not any they are not where Allah subhanaw taala does not ask them to do a bad yet, then they are not supposed to fast you know, to me, but it depends I mean here
it's between the two. The rule in their books talked about the interrupted, I would
call on belagavi l Junoon. And Mata kata
could we translate it as interrupted and interrupted craziness? Brother Ali.
What is the best translation?
Periodic check craziness
is a craziness. A formal word here is
periodic insanity. This is what the fuqaha talk about. So periodic Yeah, it sounds good periodic insanity. So here are their own Amedy said when it comes for salad, for example, they said when he is, you know, going through that period, that he's not actually supposed to
pray and Allah subhanaw taala will not take him to account for not praying. He's not Micallef.
He has lost his legal the legal capacity of performing the act of a brother. He has lost this legal capacity, a tech leaf.
So So in they said, but he said when he goes out of the zone, and he's fine, and he becomes sane, then he has to make up those prayers. You know, to me, this is we're talking about prayer here. Zakat, we have to pay zakat all the time, even if a child is wealthy, he has to pay zakat, this is the only thing that a child or an insane person has to do. Because it is happened for Cora, the right of the poor people in his wealth or her wealth is not is not it's not an obligation upon himself. It is upon himself. But it's not because he's McAuliffe, because he's wealthy. Because of the amount of money wealth he owns, or she owns then they have to pay zakat his Willie his guardian
has to pay zakat on his behalf. When it comes to fasting I would believe Allah Allah, if they go for the whole day, the whole day Muskan they are fine, but at the time of fellowship, they are saying and they are healthy and they know what they are doing. They have to make the intention to fast if during the day they forgot that they are fasting and then the eighth Allah subhanaw taala will not take him in the eat something Allah Subhana Allah will not take them to account because the aid because they are now sick you know what they mean?
Know It's okay.
It's not him or something like that. And then like an hour later, we'll come back
If he if it is out of forgetfulness, he should continue
it's like the Hadith min Akerlund Sen. Shari, burn Sen. Fatima Allahu wa Sokka. Yeah, and if it is out of forgetfulness, the he forgot. It's like in a sane person who forgot that he's, he's fasting and he ate, you know, to me, he should continue. And he doesn't have to make up for this day. So if this is his type of that is what he's going through. And he forgets that he's fasting. And then the rest of family members reminds him that, you know, remind him that he's fasting and then he quits right away. hamdulillah that's good. He should continue and he doesn't have to make up these days walau Johanna for the line
just need to make
sure you say it again. Please. Let somebody in says
he does what? insane? He's insane. Okay.
for that day, we'll learn how to add an ad for that day he was not McCullar if it is for the whole day, for that specific day, no, we're talking about different case here that someone is, in general, he's the same person. But sometimes it would come a time where he forgets about everything. And then if he eats yet a different case, then the rest of the family member will remind him that he's fasting, then he quits right away. It's likely the case that was mentioned in the Hadith, if someone eats and drinks by mistake, and then he remembers right away that he's fasting. So Allah says Allah himself at Uttama, hula was a car. And many scholars said, he doesn't have to make up this day, this
day, for this day, it doesn't have to fast again,
you know, but this person, this case you're talking about someone is insane for the whole day. So he's not Mukunda for the whole day. You know, Jamie is different,
will allow to Alana in this case, I have to double check. But I'm confident about the first case that the brother has mentioned, but I might just have to double check the this case that you are mentioning here, someone is insane for three days, and then he becomes it becomes fine. Okay, after like three days will Is he is he supposed to make up those days? I don't I don't believe so. But I will double check Inshallah, just to be to make sure.
Okay, just second, can we give chance to other people? Because I don't want to be dealing with one side.
Okay, I'm sorry.
To move on, they work for weeks. Okay. One week off. They consider problems. And one of those is a four nights in one location to another location. But if they are travelers, then they don't have to fast.
One week off.
Yeah, that's okay. That's fine.
If their home is Calgary,
their home they have their families in Calgary, they come back to Calgary every week, every second week. They are travelers, they consider themselves travelers. They are travelers, if it is tough for them difficult for them to handle fasting. It's okay for them to break the fast. The problem is with people who work in construction, here in Calgary, the local people. This is the problem. And there are many people who break the fast, you don't lose.
And people who start asking these questions before one month before, or we allow, I know it's difficult for some of them work. We do ashphalt, for example. I know it's difficult, very difficult, by the virtue of the aroma regarding those people who are now traveling and doing this type of work. We said the owner Maddie said this person has to take care of his month of Ramadan. He can take a month off. Because of the nature of his work. Stuff you working in construction is very difficult for him too fast to handle faster. So they said they should at least men take their vacation yearly vacation during the summer. But the problem is with people who work in the construction in this in
this city, actually the season, the season is in the summer, and they take a break
in the winter. In the winter, they don't work.
So they make money in the summer. That is their season.
Well, the problem if you tell him take a month, one month off in June, July will
allow him it might be difficult for him. So the only remedy is if he doesn't take one month off. He keeps working during during Ramadan. He has to go to work with the intention of fasting. He has to he doesn't have a choice. Because he's not sick. And he's not traveling. He's not sick. He's not traveling. He's local, and he's healthy. Then in the morning, the early morning time of surgery, he has to make the intention of fasting and he goes to work and he starts working. If during the day he feels like he cannot handle it is extremely difficult.
For this case, not for the sick person, the sick person who said he has a concession to break the fast from the early morning from fajr time. But this person because he's traveling, he's healthy. He doesn't have this right. He cannot benefit from this concession. He goes to work with the intention of performing the fast and then if if during the day he cannot handle the fast thing. He said he can drink and eat
Just to feel fine and okay
and then he has to quit right away continue his day and he has to make up for the day
this is the Sharia ruling concerning those group of people
so they don't have the right to break their fast because yes working there working construction or doing this type of work
the past are as long
as he was moving or staying in one place, moving around or staying in one place
mostly staying in one place.
But he has
not saved him anywhere. He might have to go to the city
but his home is here in Calgary
or Buxton Yeah, he's traveling.
He can benefit from this Rasul Allah Allah but if it is easy these kind of people because they're staying in one place if they stay in one place, they're not moving
it's better for them to fast I'll tell you why
it's better for them is way better for them to fast
breaking the fast is a Roxa but if you have the choice, what is better is better to fast.
Why because Ramadan is a special time
and you feel more encouraged to fast with the Muslims in Ramadan.
The spirit of Ramadan is different.
You will not find it after Ramadan it will be way different. The taste of fasting will be different. The taste of a bear there will be different
and because of the reward, the reward is the rewards are multiplied in Ramadan for these kinds of people who are not moving like from one place to one place. It's not like Fort McMurray working people they're moving around going to camps and doing very difficult type of work fees in London or Manchester or UK right staying in one city. Most likely it will be easy for him to fast their summer I've been there the last summer they get a lot of rain in the summer it's not very difficult for them to fast it's not like here or in the Middle East. Yeah I think a lot of rain there he gets a lot of rain so I believe it will be easy for him to fast is better for him to fast will love to Alan
trouble chief one
during the cycle
yeah I said I said if she after Ramadan she's after she delivers her baby and she she needs of course she needs to fire to braise
breastfeed her son right here our baby or daughter whatever. Then she has the rocks up to break her or not too fast. She has the rocks she has an excuse even if the second Ramadan comes without her fasting those days are making up those days. She has an excuse she can make them up after the second Ramadan is over
what what if he's pregnant again in the second Ramadan she has the rough say again to break the fast
You do remind him that let us do the new abdomen
and hook move you do Romain and that he was using what Adam and the Cherie ruling is attached to the ALA if it is there the Sharia ruling is there if there is not there the Sharia ruling is not there. So the NHD pregnancy she can keep breaking the fast for three months and three Ramadan for Ramadan. There are some cases like that. Yeah, but she has to make up those days after everything is over.
she's pregnant speeding and she misses
one does she have to make up those
round or yeah by the next Ramadan by the next Ramadan but if he can't, then Allah subhanaw taala is a full Rahim she can live rest the rest till other the other Ramadan. And in the winter time I think here in Calgary I think woman will be able to make up those days even if it is
two months or three months where it's very easy to to fast during winter time here they can the mother is like around 435 37 o'clock
to be easy for them to to fast Yes.
they use their inhalers
well i inhalers are controversial and I'm not really confident about this fat way
if you can
have to double check it but inhalers too there are a number who said that they don't invalidate the fast and some of them they said is a very debatable matter
he says it may be time to look into it inshallah
I started by posting in
my country about what
I didn't touch whenever
we started one day before
so in Japan he started fasting one day before Bangladesh okay
actually left the party one for me. So what I do I don't know the
but I cannot I cannot repeat myself because it is done
yeah 30 is over
if I continue with
No You keep fasting
keep us in a break even with them
yeah, that's okay.
Because you are supposed to break the fast with the local community
we are supposed to celebrate eat with the local community
No, no no, you should fast regular fast
keep fasting and the Celebrate eight with the local community. The problem is when the opposites the other case where you end up fasting only 28 days
Yes, you celebrate it like if celebrate or eat with the community with the local community tomorrow you celebrate it you have to break the fast because you cannot fasten eight but you end up passing only 28 Because Mithen the other country they started later than your own country now right. So you ended up passing only 28 What do you do you make up one day
okay. So you always follow the local community Allah Allah
of you may have
heard that sometimes is the reason the day that you stopped listening
for me is
that I wanted you
this is the
the brother is talking about facade in media corrupting the or affecting spoiling your intention during the day if you start thinking about the difficulty fast thing then you have a thought you entertained a thought
of breaking the fast
there is a difference between this karate these thoughts and between the near the near is a firm intention to do something
actually, what do you do it it's like you are planning to do it.
There is a difference between a firm intention and between talking to yourself about you know the hardships you are facing during Ramadan and during the day and maybe should you keep fasting or not this dialogue internal dialogue does not break your fast does not
no, we're we're not supposed to break too fast during the first day.
You can start actually fasting the six days of Sure. Well, in the second day you freed the second day of shower.
Yeah, well she thought was haram for Muslims too fast on the day of eight, which is the first day
but we can start fasting the six days from the second day we shall work. Allah Allah Allah Allah. Yes.
First of all, I love his brother asked this question. He's been putting his hand up. Okay, go ahead.
If you see somebody eating while
you're telling him you remind them? Yes.
The brother he said, If you see someone I will just repeat the question for the sisters. If you see someone eating, or drinking during Ramadan, are you supposed to remind him or not? This is a good question because there are people who say, No, you don't remind him because it is Allah who is feeding him. So don't remind
him take his sweet time.
No, that's not right. You should remind him or her, tell him you're fasting because he should quit right away.
Okay, go ahead regarding when we start our first day and
there are people that go inside here, and others follow what they do in Saudi Arabia, wherever.
They don't say that since 80s, passing with us with the community or they don't cite the moon they go yeah, they wait one day, we should fast with the community. We should fast, alpha through you may have thrown NAS or somewhere where someone else will throw in with thoroughness. This hadith and Sunnah intermarry and this hadith has solved the problem. I know there are two major or famous opinions, local sighting Should we go with local sighting
or with the International Moon sighting
and these differences will stay forever till the Day of Judgment they will never be solved, people will always be having discussions about these two different opinions.
So and the problem is the use the same Hadith the same proofs with different interpretations. So Moliro Yeti who after all, you know at so start your fasting when you see the moon the new moon and break your fast when you see the new moon show up.
Is he talking? Well notice Allah says Allah made this statement. Was he addressing his local community in Medina? Or was he addressing the whole Muslim Ummah. So this discussion will stay there forever. I know there are other proves that might might
make you feel inclined towards the local citing. There are other proofs, but the other opinion is stronger and stronger, and it has some weight. But this hadith and Sunnah Timothy has solved the issue.
Like the older man, he said, if people are having an argument about these two opinions, and we have a Khalifa.
And Khalifa said we have to start fasting on this day, then we have to follow the leadership of the community. Now we don't have a high level but we have Muslim organizations. And I believe and I still hamdulillah and if you've been following this, this, this opinion for from day one, that we follow the local community. So we don't have problem doesn't feel good that you fast on a different day in the same community does not. There is no it has no excuse. I mean, it's has no basis. There is no excuse for doing that.
Because this is clear fitna I mean if it mentioned people in Edmonton faster, the fasting or a different day, or in Montreal or Vancouver, people will say okay, they might have a different opinion. Or I'm in but in the same community
I don't believe it's, it's the right thing to do. And Hamdulillah we have something to support this methodology, the sort of Hadith and Sunnah near me the soul will heal my Asuma nests because Allah Azza wa sallam he said, studying fasting when people so the family said either the leadership or the community, the among the community that you live with. If they are starting, fasting, they are fast on a specific day, particular day then fast with them. And that's it. I have seen people young people remember when it was young in the 80s back home, young people who just started practicing the dean, we are very excited, Masha, Allah will the dean and they want to do the right thing.
You know, I grew up in Algeria, and then the wait for Saudi the announcement of the Saudi government. And then there are sometimes differences. Algeria is far in North Africa, you know, and Saudi Arabia is in the Arabian Peninsula. So there is a big you know, it's so they're not then we're not close. We're not like Morocco, Tunisia, or let's say the same area, we follow the same moon sighting.
So and they're young people homophily
In the rain during the eight, but then Saudi Arabia will announce that today's aid and Algeria will say No, tomorrow is eat so people in Algeria will be fasting during their day. So those young people, we will take like the coffee and the breakfast and they take it outside and the place the table in front of their house showing people that they are breaking the fast and they are celebrating it with Saudi Arabia.
And this is a great sign of telethon lack of knowledge, lack of Heckman, you shouldn't do it this way. And it Hamdulillah this hadith and Sunnah intermedia, as I said, has solved to Allah, Allah, Allah Allah.
What about people who don't?
Don't, don't pray.
All. I mean, it's very dangerous, I don't know. But the fasting but not praying is is is a major problem. There are a man who said the, you know, the one who does not pray is not Muslim.
And majority of gamma, he said he's hassock is a simple Muslim, Muslim, he's still Muslim, but he's sinful. And I believe if he comfortable with a third opinion, which says, The one who did not pray at all, who never He never offered Urraca or a Seder to Allah subhanaw taala and his life, like he lived for 60 years. Imagine someone who has reached six years 70 He never prayed. So I believe this is our opinion chefs, lambertini and some other scholars. He said he should he's a Kaffir. He's not Muslim, but I believe this is the right opinion. But if someone prays and he's on and off, praise and quit sprays and quit spraying, then he still is still under the Mercy of Allah. He will be under
the will of Allah subhanaw taala insha Allah for Allah who were insha Allah Azerbaijani, he will be under the, the will of Allah Subhana Allah on the day of judgment if he wishes, he will forgive him. If he wishes to punish his to punish him he would punish him or multilane. But it is a major problem that I am praying is more important than fasting. The Verona medicine. I don't know any alum who said the person who does not fast is a careful.
I don't know any alum who said this. But if someone believes that fasting is not an obligation, there is a difference between the two. We have two cases here. Someone who denies the obligation of fasting when he is a Kevin, if someone anyone who denies the obligation of a major pillar of Islam. Cemetery I don't believe Zakat is an obligation fasting. I don't believe fasting is an obligation. I don't believe Salat is an obligation. So he becomes careful automatically. He's not Muslim. But there is a difference between him and someone who believes that fasting is an obligation or praying is an obligation but he's not praying because he's lazy. Or he's planning to price. There are people
who are used to hear people saying after he gets married, they will start praying
or after I retired, they will do this to this you know
who knows when you're gonna leave this world so Allah subhanaw taala knows
should be ready to meet Allah Subhana Allah at all times. Go ahead, brother.
For the prayer.
Yeah. Okay, this is a good question. Yeah, I forgot about it. I was planning actually to talk about it. Yeah. Many people are in Ramadan. They go to
to the internet to check the timings of Fudger
especially who don't have these timetables at home? The consult Islamic finder, Islamic Finder will give them different timings.
different timings, to be honest with you. Here in Calgary, we are following the criteria of one hour and half. One hour and half between Maghrib and Russia. One hour and half between Fraser and shuru. Sunrise.
Now, to be honest with you one hour and half could be good for some time, but it's not good for I don't believe it's reliable for the whole year.
We don't believe that. And the only way to solve this issue, the only way because people have different formulas. 15 degrees, 18 degrees, 19 degrees. North America is now Esna timing, the Egyptian
what is called the Egyptian to have a name association,
University of Science in Karachi,
the Muslim World League, different organizations, right? The only way to solve this issue
He's to observe the furniture.
That is the starting budget and to observe a Sheva clamor the redness in the sky after mercury. When the redness of the skin the sky and the horizon disappears, then there Aisha the time of pressure starts.
By as a matter of fact, on the last time I observed this redness. It was June the 25th last 25th, just a couple of days ago. And Abdullah was happy to pray here at 1130. Around 1125, there was some yellow color left in the horizon. And it disappeared at 11 around 1125. The last observation I made for Asia, it was June 25. When it comes to Fudger.
We did an observation by myself with another brother in August, in August 2011, before he went to the UK, and it was okay, it was fine. Like at the time of budget here in the calendar, we felt confident, we felt we felt comfortable that Fajr is there. We saw the brightness of fuzzer.
And this year, I went with another Imam. And not yesterday, before yesterday, yesterday was Thursday, I think Wednesday morning, we went to
to the eastern part of the city on 16th Avenue. We parked our car around 1111 around 350 In the morning, and we watch we're waiting for Fajr to start. And Hamdulillah we were happy the only think that that shed some doubt about our reserve observation. There was a big cloud, it was dark black cloud, in the in the eastern part of the city who entered the place where we're supposed we were supposed to watch and observe the starting of fudgier. That was a big cloud. But at first he starts around 350. Around that time we felt comfortable that Fajr is there to be human. But so NASA Selim used to wait until he's confident that fashion is there. And then he would ask Bilal to do the other
orbelian himself us actually to observe what he has said he would start a pray the Sunnah of a physician after he is sure that Fajr is in fashion has started tourbillion Allah subhanaw taala called Hatha Yoga local Hebrew Abbas, he said, Al Fajr Lydian tissue Allah Rousselle Jeevan, he said is the brightness that is that it spreads on the top of mountains is not the whiteness that the brightness that appear before that time because there is a luxury Carib the false Fajr and unfortunate Assadi. And there are differences between them. So we are planning to go Shala again, maybe maybe tomorrow, maybe in sha Allah to observe again further. But now we feel comfortable based
on the first observation we felt comfortable with this timing now. But we don't believe that this criteria one hour and a half is good for the whole year. Like in every season, I think we have to go for a couple of days and observe the Fajr it is difficult in the winter when it is cold. But we need to do it for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala because we have to correct our by that for this year, inshallah we're planning to go for another day or two before like this weekend in sha Allah. And then if everything is fine, we'll just follow this criteria one hour and a half, and everything will be fine. If you want to be in the safe side, you might stop eating what five or 10 minutes before
510 minutes before first. But this is not actually a ruling any this is not, there is no such time as inSec the insert is at the time of pleasure. But if you want to be in the safe side, like as I said, there was a big cloud there and we're not 100% Sure, that's why I'm planning to go back again. But we felt comfortable that it is the time here in the calendar is good when hamdulillah so don't be confused with the different timings in the Islamic fund finder because there are some timings that says there are some organization that some organizations that said that Fudger should start in Calgary at around three o'clock. This is very difficult. Imagine uni you go to
a pre tearaway in the masjid here and finish at 1230 go home at one o'clock. Go to bed at one o'clock
and then you still have to wake up before three. It's like one hour and a half sleep is not is very difficult.
It is unacceptable for the people who live in Chestermere
it's okay because you live in close yeah the same reason maybe 45 minutes driving 45 minutes
maybe 40 minutes 45 minutes
yeah but but we are if you are comparing chest me with Calgary Cochran with Calgary word is still the same. Same area of Allahu Taala
Yeah, the difference there is no big difference will love Thailand.
I think we should stop now. Right? She's a co located in Nevada low Fico.