Ramadan Workshop #1

Hacene Chebbani


Channel: Hacene Chebbani

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Hey do you buddy fetus at G Buddha love

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him on the Mona

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hamdulillahi rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala Shafi. Mr. Hamid IRD. He was so happy as you may.

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So dear brothers and sisters will be Shala talking tonight about Ramadan. Why should we care about Ramadan? So we need to prepare ourself Ramadan is it's a golden opportunity to great opportunity actually to increase our charcoal increase our Eman to get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala to strengthen our spiritual, you know, power.

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And we need to know, what are we supposed to do every year? I mean, we do we talk about this subject every year. And I every year I think or I, you know, I think about the same thing. I'll be repeating the same maybe information.

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But I tell myself we are humans. And we need to be reminded myself the speaker needs to be reminded I need to remind myself about the rulings of Oh Sharia about the beauty of our Quran about the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala that is in his book, because it'll insert some real insight million this year. So insane. He's the word the Arabic

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word for men is insane. And they said he was called insane because he forgets it's coming from an ACN so we forget we are humans, and we are weak and we need to be we need to be reminded all the time. And I guess that the best thing to do

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to talk about when we talk about Ramadan is to go straight forward to the guidance of Allah subhanho wa Taala in the Quran, What did Allah say about Ramadan in the Quran? Because by knowing what Allah subhanaw taala said in the in the Quran about Ramadan, we know

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our expectations were I suppose what we are supposed to do.

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And we know what Allah subhanaw taala expects us to do in Ramadan.

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So the ADA talked about fasting in Ramadan, they are easy they are in Surah Al Baqarah. There is no I have no knowledge about any other area that talks about Ramadan in the Quran, except those eight that are found in Surah Al Baqarah 183 to 187 That's it, you read these ayat 581 80 380-485-8687 And then the these eight will summarize you to you summarize to you what you are supposed to do Ramadan in general, of course, there are some other Hadith that you know that brought some knowledge that is not found in the book of ALLAH SubhanA wa atatiana Because the Sunnah and the Quran complement each other, and the Quran and the Sunnah is meant to explain to the Quran, elaborate on the guidance that

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is found in the book of Allah subhanaw taala

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and of course, we are all familiar with this ayat, but as I said, it is nice, it is good to be reminded all the time especially I mean, after one year 11 months we do forget and we need to be reminded. So Allah subhanaw taala said in this in the first I want 83 Yeah, you have livina ammonoid quotevalet Khruschev Okemah quotevalet Levina mean publikum La La Quinta taco

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This is what 83 184 A Yemen Matt do that for McKenna Miko Marie then Oh ALLAH suffering Fareed the two men am in

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while Alenia to record a video to one time when we scheme for Manitoba Hydro hydro law, but assume Ohio law calm and Quinton tanomo. So which means here, oh, you have believed decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may you may become righteous.

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And the second is fasting for a limited number of days. So it's not one year it's not two years, it's only a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill

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or on a journey during them during these days, days of Ramadan, then an equal number of days that have to be made up later on and upon those who are able to fast but with hardship, this is of course translation. But there is another explanation to this I hear

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a ransom of feeding a poor person each day. So we have to pay the video if we are those people who are able to fast but they cannot because they are old, very old, very weak. They cannot trust them. They have to they have

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The concession to break the fast and then pay a video. And whoever volunteer is good, it is better for him but too fast is best for you. If you only knew these I had these two that were revealed before the Battle of murder in the second year after the Hoosier of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Medina, so Muslims did not fast in Mecca, that the first thing started in Medina and they started with fasting Ashura. Actually Ashura the day the one day national law in Muharram, the 10th of Muharram when he came to Medina, rasool Allah Azza Selimiye found that the Jews were fasting this day, he asked them about it. And he said, we fast this day because Allah subhanaw taala has saved

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Musa and his people from the evil of Pharaoh and his army. And then we are thinking we fast as an act of gratefulness to Allah subhana wa Tada surah Allah says salam said we have more right to Musa than you can we Muslims have more right to Musa than you because he's a prophet and an a messenger of Allah subhanaw taala and Rasul Allah is a prophet and messenger and also Allah is following the guidance actually of the prophets before him. Because all the prophets and messengers are one Ummah, one nation. So and these Jews who lived at the time of Rasul Allah Azza, Selim were not following actually the Sunnah of Musa Ali Silla. They were not following the deen of Musa alayhis salam. If we

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really hold the deen of Musa they would have full Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and you will have become Muslims. So Rasul Allah sallam said Nana Appleby Musa Miko and then he started fasting it but it was an obligation upon Muslim in the beginning to fast this day. And then the nurse came abrogation through these areas that were revealed. In surah, Al Baqarah, 183 and 184. Of Luca theory, he said, when Allah Subhana Allah revealed this is like 183.

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Allah subhanaw taala gave the option to Muslims too fast. But if someone doesn't want to fast he has to pay a fee do it was so fasting was optional here, the fasting of Ramadan,

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fasting of Ramadan, in the second year of the hijra, and then the next day a 185, was revealed in the third year. And it abrogated the other hokum and ask

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and fasting here after the revelation of 185 to became an obligation upon every Muslim who is able who is resident he is not traveling, and he's so he is able to fast to became an obligation. After this, I have 185 that was revealed in the third year after the vision of Rasul Allah says, and it was integrated here, because he dealt with the same subject.

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Okay. The 185 shahada, Ramadan and levy on Xena feel Quran know who the leanness will be united mineral hudl for cod, Thurman Shahi them in Como Shafilea Soma, then whoever witnesses the month the healer and then he has to fast that month. And this is an obligation This is Mr. Here. This is an order from Allah subhanaw taala. When a command comes from Allah subhanho wa Taala it implies directly obligation in Sharia This is a rule, in fact, unless there is another proof that suggests otherwise, type. Now let's talk a little bit about this idea you Halina Ave or you have believed even a master author of the Allahu Anhu said whenever you hear Allah Subhana Allah saying, Yeah, you

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will live in Amman and then you have to pay attention to it. It is either a command of something good that you have to do, or something or an evil that you are that you are supposed to stay away from.

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So you need to pay attention to this needed and it is actually a call of honor because Allah subhanaw taala calls people in different ways. He said yeah, your nurse sometimes Allah Subhana Allah says yeah, your nurse or people or sometimes he says yeah, but he Adam or children of Adam, but he Allah subhanaw taala is calling the believers you believed now you're concerned with these rulings, you need to pay attention to what is coming after because with belief comes responsibility. With belief comes you know come duties and and obligations and we need to live up to you know, to our ideals to the in what we mean when we say we are moving when the moment we say we are moving you

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know, we say La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasul Allah, we should be willing to accept what ALLAH SubhanA wa Attallah dictates upon us. We should be willing to accept everything with with good faith. Yeah, we do it well, we are happy. Fasting is not a burden actually. It's for the believers. It is a great opportunity. We feel happy

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The believer would feel happy when Ramadan is here. Even if he he knows that he will be like fasting for 19 hours or 18 hours like our case in Calgary here this year, even if he knows that he will be he might have to come to the masjid and pray tearaway every night and he will go back home at 1230 or one o'clock he feels happy, because he knows that he will be he will be getting has an ad he will be rewarded inshallah.

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So here

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we need to act with, you know, in accordance with our Eman with our belief, and accept, as I said, with happiness with good faith, what Allah subhanaw taala has commanded the believers to do and then he said, decreed upon your fasting as it was decreed upon those before you. Based on this idea, we know that the obligation that you know those who came before us, basically they are Christians, and the Jews are the people who believed in the other prophets and messengers were required to fast but did they fasted Ramadan, the month of Ramadan, no, the aroma they said they had different types of fasting, different types of fasting. So here, Allah subhanaw taala is comparing between the

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obligation of fasting upon the believers, the Muslims, the OMA from Muhammad wa salam are the members of this ummah, and between the obligation upon the other nations are the members of the other nations. So it's not is not the case here is not that they fasted Ramadan, and we will be fasting the same thing, 30 days, this is not the meaning is not meant here, it's meant that it was an obligation upon them. And it was made an obligation upon us, that you may become righteous before talking about you know, righteousness.

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You know, Allah subhanaw taala is trying to do something here trying to encourage to motivate the believers to fast.

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So he's calling them with a beat with with Call of email, this is number one. And then he said, fasting was discrete upon your decreed upon as it was agreed upon those before you. So try to make it easy on you. And if you are a father, you dealt with your children. And I know you deal with your children.

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If you ask one of your children to do something.

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And if he doesn't like it, he will say, most likely he will say Why only me.

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And if you tell him now, everyone is supposed to do the same thing. I say okay, you will accept it.

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He will accept it. And he will do it. And those who were teachers who who taught before, if you remember, if you have asked someone, one of your students to stand up in front of the whole class and do do a performance, recite some Quran, some verses from the Quran, or do an A sheet or, or do anything, he might feel very shy to do it by himself. But the moment you you call another people, another group of people, that students to join him. And you asked them to do the same thing, the same child who was very shy, okay. And he was reluctant, he hesitated to do what he was supposed to do, you will find that he was he's motivated, now he's happy. And he's excited, because he feels

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enough secure and safe. He's doing it with the group. They call it the mood of the crowd.

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There are people who have written actually books about it, that people behave differently when they are alone, and where they are in the crowd.

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And actually, there are public speakers who have studied this subject, and they know how to motivate the crowds. And they know how to some politicians how to achieve their political objectives or goals in any particular society, through manipulating the mood of the crowd. So ALLAH SubhanA, Allah knows our psychology, He knows our weaknesses. And he's saying you are not the only ones, the people who came before you they had to first

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and then after that, he said that you may become righteous. And this is the greatest gift of fasting of this A vida a taco.

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And Allah subhanaw taala has started this area with taco And subhanAllah I feel Subhanallah sometimes I feel, you know, amazed how come there are some people who in this society, so Muslims who fasted Ramadan, but when they are asked by the colleagues, why do you fast? Why do you have to go through 12 hours, 13 hours, 14 hours without food and water? And the answer would be I don't know. But Allah subhanaw taala told us about the purpose of fasting

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is to increase our taco. If you tell him taco maybe he doesn't understand the word taco but you can tell him to enhance our spiritual growth to get

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closer to our creator you can express yourself in different ways and the same it will be the end result will be the same. So Allah subhanaw taala started this is 183 with tacos This is the purpose.

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This is your goal in this Ramadan in this month of Ramadan to increase your taco

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and Allah subhanaw taala emphasize this meaning in the in the last day a 187 at the end so he started this diet with taco and he ended this Ariat with taco in the last part of a a 180 7k Li K Ubu Allahu aitd Nursey Allah Allah Who me a taco, kava Lika you but you know after last month, Allah He talks about his diet, and how it his rulings can radically weigh in Allahu ala to healing Nursey la Allahu Mia Taku. So he said, Does does Allah may clear his verses or he signs to the people that they may become righteous, again, talking about righteousness at the end. It's like when a public speaker talks about a subject in front of a group of people. And then he will tell them in the

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beginning about the main objective of this speech, what are we trying to achieve tonight. And then at the end of his speech, item again, well Allah He method will Allah And to Allah belongs to highest quality example. So in the end, the end, those good speakers, public speakers will try to remind their audience about that same objective. Don't remember if you forget about everything in this in this lecture tonight, do not forget this.

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And he would repeat he would say that the end, why because it is important. He want them to go home with this message. And Allah subhanaw taala here in this area, he wants us to go home with this message. This is that means if you are in another way you can you can look at it this way. If you don't increase your taco in Ramadan, you are wasting your time.

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You can look at it this way. If I don't increase my tacos in Ramadan, that means I am not fasting in the right way.

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There is something wrong with my fasting.

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there something wrong with my Ramadan, I have to double check myself have to recheck, my my, my, my by that.

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Then Allah Subhana Allah said,

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fasting for a limited number of days, I am and Matt do that.

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Another way to motivate the believers. And by the way, Allah subhanaw taala is the Lord of the universe, and he's our master.

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He's our Creator, He could have said,

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pay attention to this. He could have said that you you have believed you have too fast the month of Ramadan. And that's it. And that would be enough.

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That would be enough, right? Because this is a command coming from Allah subhanho wa taala. But Allah subhanaw taala is actually teaching us here, a great lesson, that when we, we and we can apply it as teachers, as parents,

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that I am in oneness, because now

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when we invite people to do something, we need to do it in the best way. Because Allah subhanaw taala is inviting the believers to fasting Ramadan in the best way, as I said he could have said just fast. And that's it. And that would be enough.

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And you don't have to argue and you cannot you don't have the right I don't have the right to ask why. What is the ECMO Allah

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know the command is there. If I know the Hikmah that's good if I don't know the Hikmah the wisdom, I still have to obey to fulfill the command. But Allah subhanaw taala is doing it in the best way. And this is actually a great lesson as I said for parents and teachers, if you want to invite your children to start praying your daughter to wear the hijab,

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your your children to wake up for Salat al Fajr. You can use these kinds of inducements, motivate them, instead of coming up to him and start screaming at him. You have to wake up

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and you can tell him that we need to wake up because we want to go to Jana, and you emphasize the concept of Jana, for example. And then on a different occasion you talk about the beauty of Jana and the pleasure the name the reward the philosopher Talia and Jana, and then you attract them, you establish you know, establish a bond between you and then

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and then

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Also you establish a good connection between them and the book of Allah subhanaw taala the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala in the Quran so you connect them with the Lord and with their ultimate purpose which is going to Jana insha Allah

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then Allah subhanaw taala said Whoever among you is ill or on a journey during Ramadan equal number of days are to be made.

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Here Allah subhanaw taala is repeating in 185 the same thing, the only in 185 he said the month of Ramadan that is, is that in which was revealed the Quranic guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criteria. So this idea here is about the relationship between Ramadan and Quran. And we'll talk about it later. And the status of Quranic Ramadan and how should we deal with Quran in Ramadan? But here after that Allah Subhana Allah said whoever cites the new moon of the month, let him first this is a command from Allah. And here I say said when Allah revealed this is the third eye 185 Fasting became an obligation upon everyone, and who there is ill or on a journey then an

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equal number of other days. Oh, he's repeating the same thing.

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Does Allah need to repeat himself?

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He's repeating the same meaning if you are traveling, or you are ill you are sick. You don't have to fast you can break your fast. This is what he said in 184.

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And then what he said and he said it again after one year, after one year he revealed this is 185. And he repeated the same meaning Did he forget the the law forget that he revealed this is this meaning the Sharia ruling in 180 for one year ago, he did not forget why is he repeating this, this theory I ruling here

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to emphasize something something very beautiful. The Sharia is a sharing of is Sherry And ebony Allah looser because he said after that you read Allah who become will use it oh Allah you read to become a nurse. So Allah subhanho wa Taala does not intend for you hardship. He doesn't want to give you hard time. Actually the purpose of you know

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making Ramadan or fasting in Ramadan an obligation is for your own benefit. That you increase your taqwa you increase your Eman, you become a better Muslim, you become a better believer. So the purpose is not to give you to make you go through some hardship or difficulty. Because Allah Santella said it here clearly, you read Allahu buco will use it, Allah subhanaw taala intends for you is and he does not intend for you hardship. And that's why He repeated the same meaning into eight 184 and 185. So this is the Sharia is and we can talk about the concept of Islam the Sharia later on inshallah.

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And then he knows better he said, When he took me that Allah made it easy for you. So you can complete these number the number of these days it's only one month and he knows that you are able to do it. Even young people can do it. Even young people, it is an obligation upon those young people who have reached the age of puberty, it is an obligation upon them to fast they have no other option. But even those who have reached the age of differentiations in the tummies they are eight years old, nine years old. It is not an obligation upon them yet, we can fast if the if the try Allah subhanaw taala will give them power and strength, but if they feel weak or they cannot handle

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it, of course they are allowed to you know break their fast because it's not it's not an obligation upon them. So Allah subhanaw taala set for you to complete the period and to magnify Allah for that, to which he has guided you. And for his guidance, she sent Allah subhanaw taala appreciate his guidance. Allah Subhana Allah did not leave us without guidance. And then the worst thing that can happen to you in this dunya one is to be misguided or lie

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you should think of if you are a Sunni Muslim following the Sunnah of Rasulullah assassin and Iraqi That is correct. Oxen biller This is the best gift that you get in this life, because that will be your way of salvation on the Day of Judgment.

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There is no other eonni The problem is if you worship Allah subhanaw taala as a Muslim, but you adopt another methodology. If you belong to a different set deviated sect, for example, and you think that you are you are you belong to a special group and you will be highly rewarded on the Day of Judgment. There are people who have this belief excellent

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but they are they are they have gone astray.

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And now we have many actually groups in mind we don't want I don't want to mention now examples. You know better than me. Everyone has access to internet nowadays.

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And everything has access everyone has access to everything.

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But to be a Sunni Muslim following the Sunnah of Rasulullah, the Quran and the Sunnah. This is the greatest blessing that you can get from Allah subhanho wa taala. So here Allah Subhana Allah said, we will come to Allah, Allah Maha Delcam that you will make the clear after we finished Ramadan, the time of aid, we make it clear and Allah spent element here, this decrease that we make at the end of Ramadan, while Allah come to school, and perhaps you will be grateful

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and being grateful servants of Allah subhanaw taala is something it's a great honor to

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and Allah subhanaw taala appreciates your your efforts. Allah subhanaw taala if you are grateful he Allah spatula is grateful Allah subhanaw taala one of his asthma is a shackle, that He rewards and he gives thanks to his, to his to his servants, and to be Shakira choco thankful is not difficult. I was reading the there was an ayah about new Halle salami, Nocona Abdon chakra

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he was a faithful servant of Allah talking about tour and a check the tafsir What did he do? Why Allah Subhana Allah Allah called him Abba check or grateful servant of Allah. And it was I was I was shocked when I when a disk when I check this stuff seriously to see if this is in Surah Surah I was really shocked because I was looking for something big

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for something special. What did he do? He said, he said whenever he drinks,

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water or eat some food, he would say Alhamdulillah he would praise Allah subhanaw taala thank Allah for the name of the food whenever he was close to a piece of clothes, who would we thank Allah subhanaw taala for the Nirma of giving him this close. This is very simply one and Allah subhanaw taala call him in the Quran. I looked at different tool theater fascias, just looking for something else, maybe there is a different opinion. So and all of the Mova serene, you know that I have checked all of them said the same thing, that he had the habit of, you know, thanking Allah subhanaw taala for every name, even if it is very simple, a cup of water. If they drink a cup of water, he

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would say Alhamdulillah and he would maybe he was doing it in a special way his heart was full of, you know, thankfulness and, and sugar to Allah subhanaw taala that could be he's a prophet, he's a great prophet. But when you look at the Tafseer anyone can do it. And then you become a great, great civil servant to Allah subhanaw taala but the message here is that you become a grateful servant to Allah, if you fast in the month of Ramadan. If you observe the fasting of Ramadan properly, and you celebrate Eid with your brothers and sisters at the time of Eid, and you do the tech beer and you follow the Sunnah of Rasulullah Salam, hopefully, this was on a satellite saying perhaps you will be

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one of the grateful servants of Allah subhanho wa Taala

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and the next is 186 did not mention anything about fasting

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but it is there for a purpose. Why they say Allah Kariba Danny for a near curry Huji without a dairy either Dan fully SDG whooley Will you mean OB la isla whom you should do? So one may servant talking to Mohamed Salah ALLAH is talking to Muhammad Salah listen ask you of course in the in the translation in English tense in the English translation they will put all Muhammad between two brackets

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but the word Mohammed is not mentioned in the Quran in the Arabic Quran. English is not correct. English is like a Deaf see. And sometimes the translators will include few things to explain people to clarify things to other people. Right.

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So the word Mohammed is not so mentioned here, but we know that Allah is talking to Mohammed Salah Salem because the Quran was revealed to Muhammad Sasson what either said Allah can a baddie and when My servants ask you who is you is Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam concerning me, indeed I am near.

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I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon me So let them respond to Me by obedience, and believe in Me that they may be rightly guided. So here's the I did not mention anything about fasting, but it is included here.

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For a purpose, the important

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As a fasting making dua in Ramadan.

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Allah wants you to make more dua in Ramadan and he is inviting you as a believer in the most interesting way. Why? What is special about this idea? The OMA said Allah Subhana Allah revealed this form of questions do Mohamed Salah Salem in different eight different sources. And whatever this form of questioning is coming in Aya what either set allah k buddy or yes Aluna Kenny Ra is Aluna can Kedah could? The answer would be called Say,

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O Muhammad, O Muhammad it is in the English translation. But say Allah Subhana Allah did not mention the word Muhammad but we know that he's talking to Muhammad, but all is there.

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So you are the mediator between You are the messenger, you are the Prophet, you are conveying the message in all the other ayat but here

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here, Allah subhanaw taala did not say cool.

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Why? Because the last part ALLAH is talking about nearness, about his close relationship, his close relationship between him and his servants, that he's close to them.

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He doesn't need anyone to be between them and him subhanho wa Taala

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and this is what is beautiful about our relationship with Allah we can make dua 24 hours a day, 724 hours a day, seven days a week, we have access to Allah at all times. And no one can stop you from making dua at all times. The other people who worship idols, and they worship other stuff, they have to move the go to the temple and the stand up in front of their idols and ask for their needs.

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But Allah subhanho wa Taala is different is with you with his knowledge with his Rama all the time and he knows what you are talking about. He knows what is in your mind what is in your heart. He is present. He's there, and he's close to you. And even here in this aisle. Unlike the other if there is no cold, there is no say. So he's very close, staying telling you I'm very close, make dua to me, and you will be a winner. You will be a winner. And then he said

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well she put out a day Allah is promising here. This is a promise from Allah and who is more truthful than Allah

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who is more truthful the Allah.

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So this is actually a great in a way of motivating the believers to make dua in Ramadan

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to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon me, So let them respond to Me by obedience, respond to me by obedience here failure stage Eboli, which means fasting in Ramadan.

00:33:03--> 00:33:27

We know now the importance of making fasting Ramadan, they know now the obligation of fasting in Ramadan, and they know the importance of making do and so, let them respond to Me fairly SDG Buli Landerholm you should do, let them you should do that the may be rightly guided this Allah subhanaw taala and yours O'Connor rushed was Sadat.

00:33:29--> 00:34:09

And then in the last area, he said, Allah come later see me refer to ilani say come basically this is it says that it is you know, permissible or it has been made permissible for you to have a relationship with your wives during the night time in Ramadan. During daytime is a major sin. Measure sin. If someone gets together with his wife during the day from Allah, he has to free a slave. If you cannot free a slave he doesn't find which is our case we don't have slaves nowadays. He has to fast two months in a row 60 days

00:34:11--> 00:34:21

and if he cannot fast is very weak, is not healthy, he cannot handle the fast thing of 60 days he has to feed 60

00:34:23--> 00:34:37

pools or 60 people who are in need. So so it is a very severe punishment actually. It is a major sin. But during my time it said you are allowed to get together with your wives

00:34:39--> 00:34:59

and Allah subhanaw taala said who nearly based on luck and want to leave us alone. This is you know, this is beautiful I about you know our relationship, what should be our relationship with our wives or what should be the relationship the marital relationship between husband and wife and Allah subhanaw taala is expressing

00:35:00--> 00:35:23

or is describing this relationship in the most powerful terms. But this is a different subject here. It has nothing to do with fasting. But Allah subhanaw taala. He said, he included this part here for a Hekima Allah Subhana Allah knows, Allah Allah Allah Allah, Allah Allah Who under contract afternoon and Fusa comfortable Aleikum, WA uncle.

00:35:27--> 00:35:32

So Allah subhanaw taala said, Allah knows that you used to deceive yourselves. So this is about

00:35:33--> 00:35:35

you know, they were

00:35:36--> 00:36:03

the Sahaba in the beginning, they had some Sharia rulings that we don't have nowadays. It was prescribed upon them, if the eat and then the sleep during night time, and the wake up they're not allowed. They were not allowed to get together with their wives. And then Allah subhanaw taala abrogated this hook of Sharia Alluri ruling later on, and it became Halal at all times during nighttime.

00:36:04--> 00:36:28

But some of the Sahaba Yeah, they they were new Muslims. And Allah subhanaw taala saying here that you used to deceive yourselves. So he accepted your repentance. So the repent to Allah subhanaw taala he made some mistakes, some Sahaba they were humans. And Allah subhanaw taala said that he accepted the repentance so no one will come and say oh Sahaba committed some mistakes then they are bad people.

00:36:30--> 00:36:33

Like Allah is saying here that he accepted the repentance.

00:36:34--> 00:36:41

And if someone you know repented, he became sometimes better than he stayed before the committing sin.

00:36:43--> 00:37:21

And they are new Muslims, they are learning they are going through things, doing mistakes and Allah Allah is teaching them. So what's your problem with that? And Allah He said in the Quran that He is pleased with them. There are some six minded people you look for these things. So oh this I have a committed this mistake. Okay, some of them maybe they were not allowed to have a relationship with their wives and they did something wrong. And Allah Subhana Allah said, you know that he accepted the repentance and forgave you. So he accepted your repentance and forgave you. So now have relationship with them and seek that which Allah has decreed for you offspring you and your children

00:37:22--> 00:37:33

and eat and drink until the white thread of the Dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread of night at a at a very intellectual hytrel abdominal heightened sad middle finger.

00:37:34--> 00:37:54

So you eat and drink until first your time. So the exact time is not actually part of the Sunnah all Muslims nowadays they said oh, what is the time of him sec. And he expect you to tell them you need to stop 10 minutes or 15 minutes before further.

00:37:55--> 00:38:18

You might do it. As you know, as a precaution. You might do it like yeah, it becomes a personal choice. Or if you live in an area where the timings are not you're not sure about the right timing Fajr nowadays inshallah we are planning in sha Allah we're planning with another Imam to go outside and

00:38:19--> 00:38:35

and watch for future observable. I did it in 2011 and it was happy but it's only one day planning to do it this this year inshallah with another Imam to go and watch for an Fajr because the problem is we have this calendar here.

00:38:36--> 00:38:58

And every year, every year I get people coming to me. I went to the internet and I looked into Islamic finder and I found five timings for Fajr in Calgary or for timings. There are many people are confused about this. So in 2011, we went outside and we watched angle Fajr hamdulillah it was fine.

00:39:00--> 00:39:05

It was in line with with what we have here. It was August 2011.

00:39:06--> 00:39:35

But this year, inshallah we're planning to go before Ramadan. So if there is something wrong, we feel that we need to stop 10 minutes before we will, we will let you know. But that wouldn't be the insect here that people ask about every year. The time for him sack there is no time for him SEC the time for him sack is the time of Fajr Allah subhanaw taala is saying here are Kulu shabu Hatha Yetta Yun, Hola, como hiatal luminal, hatless, Wedeman and Fisher. So until Fajr, time comes and then you stop.

00:39:37--> 00:39:39

Okay, the time of Adam.

00:39:40--> 00:40:00

Eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread of night. Then complete the fast until the night and do not have relations with them with their wives as long as you are staying for worship in the mosque. For someone who is doing it Kathy is not allowed to get together with his wife. These are the limits of Allah

00:40:00--> 00:40:10

If so do not approach them. Unless you're gonna say do not approach approach them approaching the limit. Allah wants you to stay away from it like nothing in

00:40:14--> 00:40:25

there are things that are made haram, because they are a sin by themselves. But there are there are other things that are made haram because they might lead to something wrong.

00:40:27--> 00:41:07

So here last night, Allah is saying, Do not approach them, they do not come near them. Like if someone knows that he's weak, he cannot control himself cannot control his desires, that he should stay away from his wife during Ramadan. Well Allah Allah, Thus does Allah may clear his signs to the people that we may become righteous. So basically, these are the ayat that Allah subhanaw taala you know talked about, and I want you here to we want to conclude so we talked about the increase of taqwa, which is the main goal, the main purpose of you know,

00:41:09--> 00:41:38

behind this obligation of fasting Ramadan, the increase of dua, we need to increase making dua we need to get closer to Allah subhanaw taala and you can what do you what you can do something you can repeat the Choose method and five two out so tender as it depends is some rudimentary said if you do it this way, you might get Inshallah, get into Ramadan, you may get your answer in Ramadan, if you choose the same do as, like, you look at the most important things that you wish to have in this life.

00:41:39--> 00:42:04

But then you are a young person, so you want to make the art your parents, you want to have a good degree, for example, you want to go to Ghana, you want to have a class so you select five or four or six, you know, things and then you put them in a list you might write them down, and you keep asking Allah subhanaw taala asking the last part of reality and sorry these two ads for you

00:42:05--> 00:42:11

every night before fasting before breaking your fast I mean, at the time of breaking your fast

00:42:13--> 00:42:18

between Iran and karma at the time of Tara weakness and if you're paying Tara we

00:42:19--> 00:42:47

before Fajr after he makes a hole because it's a special time and most likely will be answered. So if you repeat the same, you are most likely Allah's pantalla will answer your DUA Allahu Allah, recitation of the Quran we'll talk about it and there is a special relationship between the Quran Ramadan, Sharia rulings, we'll talk about them next time in sha Allah without the Sharia rulings about someone who is traveling or who is sick, or what types of sicknesses and

00:42:48--> 00:42:54

what is what are the rulings concerning pregnant or breastfeeding woman and, and all these things?

00:42:55--> 00:43:36

And when are we supposed to start fasting or the new year the intention and all these things, we'll talk about them next time. And we might talk if we have time, we'll talk about the theory or the concept of ease in our Sharia because it is clearly mentioned here and those idea to fasting as I said, the concession of breaking the fast or the Mustafa or the someone who is ill was repeated into is repeated for a reason for a purpose of the Sharia is based on ease on user. So Alicia did add a nurse actually he's not actually following the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala the one who likes to make everything haram for people has not he's not following the guidance of Allah but this is not

00:43:36--> 00:43:49

the Sharia of Allah. Everything is haram everything is haram. And so sometimes people will we don't know the answer. They say it's haram. It's better to you it's better way better to say I don't know that. Allahu Allah.

00:43:50--> 00:43:52

Because making something halal.

00:43:53--> 00:43:57

Something hallelujah you make it haram is a sin. It is a sin.

00:43:58--> 00:44:16

It is a big sin. Because Allah Subhana Allah made everything halal for people except so what is haram is an exception. Like in the Quran, he said Allah, everything is halal for you, except hammer in the Quran except when zeal except dead meat. The meat of a dead animal.

00:44:18--> 00:44:42

What else sacrificing, giving a sacrifice offering sacrificed to an idol, or to a shrine or whatever. So these are exceptions. But Allah Allah said they created everything for you. So by default everything is halal. If you want to say this is haram, you have to bring your proof. Right? You don't use your personal opinion or personal interpretation. Allah Allah.

00:44:44--> 00:45:00

Let's talk in detail now about Taqwa development of Taqwa because we need to be specific. As we said the main purpose of this Eva is to develop Taqwa to increase the coin our life. And what is the essence of Taqwa as to who is nothing

00:45:00--> 00:45:37

Increasing prayers or vicar or istation of the Quran. The essence of Taqwa is to stay away from sins. If you stay away from since you are a Motoki Of course you have to pray you have to fast you have to give sadaqa and gives a cat. But the most important thing, the core element of Taqwa is to stay away from sins. Lower your gaze in Ramadan, give up TV in Ramadan, do things that will help you stay away from disobeying Allah subhanho wa Taala stop lying in Ramadan and outside Ramadan.

00:45:38--> 00:46:25

Okay, so stay away from sins, staying away from sins is is is the essence of Taqwa. This is a there is a great story great conversation took place between America and it will be even recap we will look at was at Harvard and he was a scholar among Hatha was more knowledgeable than Google MCAP. But this is the touto the humility, the Tolaga of their own AMA, their modesty and their humility. So he came to him and he said, What is a Taqwa obey? And he said, Yeah, I mean, what meaning or principle? The believers have you taken a thorny path? Have you walked over a thorny path? He said, Yes. Is it? What did he do? He said, I roll up my sleeves and, and I was very careful. He said, This is takla.

00:46:25--> 00:47:07

Europe, you roll up your sleeves. And you have to be careful in this dunya in this life, careful about what you say? What goes inside your body, inside your system. Careful about your business transactions. Careful when you deal with your wife when you deal with your children. When you deal with your colleagues when we deal with your family members. Be careful. And this is Taco. Okay. So the believers are, you know, as I said, encouraged to increase their tacos. That should be the goal of everyone. My goal and your goal is to increase taco in this month. But we have to be more specific because increasing taco is vague. Now, when we talk about taco we're talking about change

00:47:07--> 00:47:08

here a process of change.

00:47:10--> 00:47:33

Because what is a tackle? When you have more Taqwa you get closer to Allah. So you move you move from one state to another state. You move from a lower state of Eman to a higher state of Amen, right? You will matter not reciting Quran he becoming make Toba and said no, I have to take care.

00:47:34--> 00:47:40

Take care of the book of Allah subhanaw taala I have to give more time to the book of Allah and you start reciting Quran for example,

00:47:41--> 00:48:18

you don't come to the masjid or I don't come to the masjid all the time. So um, think about in say, have to come start coming for five daily prayers. Or maybe you have a problem with waking up for Fudger that is my tilba. So I need to do something about it. I need to do something about it, ask my family members to wake me up, have my cell phone beside me and set it up on at four o'clock so he can wake up for 5g Do something about it. And then Ramadan, it is our golden as I said opportunity to increase our circle and to make some change in our life. So it is worth talking about change here.

00:48:19--> 00:48:57

So what do you think about change as I said, you have to be specific, because if we leave it vague, if we make a general statement, creasing taco and we'll leave it as it is, we're not going to help ourselves have to be specific. So everyone has to think about something like Mithuna praying, as I said in the message and maybe you're not doing this too far enough, increase your risk far on daily basis. Maybe you are, I am someone who is not giving sadaqa who is stingy. So I started giving sadaqa for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala I want to remove the love of money of this dunya from my heart and get closer to Allah subhanaw taala because this was and this money could be a veil between

00:48:57--> 00:49:27

you and Allah subhanaw taala or someone who has problems with his family members, keeping the ties of kinship Silla tribe, he's great opportunity during Ramadan to call pick up the phone and call your mom, dad, uncles and Auntie's call them and say Ramadan Mubarak can talk to them and said, just wanted to say Ramadan Mubarak sorry, you revive the old ties, maybe you didn't talk to them for one year or for two years. So it is a good actually opportunity to revive these ties.

00:49:29--> 00:49:38

reciting the book of Allah subhanaw taala. Some people need to give up smoking for example, smoking is a senior one. It is a major sin. It is a major sin.

00:49:40--> 00:50:00

Because it's it hurts your body, your health, to hurt your pocket to might hurt your relationship with you and your wife. There are people who actually the families were broken because of this habit of smoking. So it has many problems and it is haram. It is not macro. The

00:50:00--> 00:50:38

Use some rhodium I used to believe it was mcru. disliked, but after they discovered that it causes may cause major diseases like cancer, different types of cancer, right? They're saying it is haram No way. Allah subhanaw taala described the mission of Mohammed Al Salam in the Quran. You hate Lula who will tell you better hurry Marlene will have if he makes halal for them what is good and wholesome, what is healthy and you heard him or Allah he will have if and he forby forbid them from anything that is that is hobby if you know it's not tired, it's not good. It's not healthy.

00:50:40--> 00:51:23

And smoking cigarettes are heavy and they're not they're not good. Tobacco is not good at all. So it is a great opportunity actually to give up smoking. Why? Because you'd be fasting till 10 o'clock and then after 10 o'clock after you have Iftar for half an hour, say okay, I'll be patient I'm not going to take that cigarette and then you say okay, I have to go to the masjid inshallah and pray and then after you pray 1231 o'clock, you'll be tired, no, I will I'll go to sleep inshallah wake up at first wake up first, just 15 minutes before you don't have time to smoke, then he takes a hole and then for one month without smoking and insha Allah this is why you train yourself training your

00:51:23--> 00:52:08

soul and your your neffs you track to control yourself control your neffs this is this is actually one of the goals of Ramadan you train yourself how to be patient, how to be patient, a cm, you call a sub zero us on ministry I will miss for CM was southern half of fasting is summaries patients because you are patient you like to eat but you control yourself. Have someone who is married who wants to get together with his wife, but he controls his desires. So, this is the essence of CRM Well first thing is sober. So when it comes to smoking, we can do it in sha Allah and will give up smoking in this in this Ramadan Shala never we will not come back to it Bismillah that we have to be

00:52:08--> 00:52:17

sincere we make intention from now we plan from it from now. And we make tilba Because it is a sin

00:52:18--> 00:52:21

we might give up interest based transactions

00:52:22--> 00:52:23

lower our gaze as I said

00:52:25--> 00:52:38

our goal in Ramadan it has to be smart. It has to be smart, smart goal. Smart it is he said it is specific, it is measurable, attainable, realistic and time bound or timely.

00:52:40--> 00:53:23

Specific I mentioned what is specific everyone knows what he needs to improve there is an area of improvement for everyone in his life. Everyone knows that he has something to deal with right everyone including the Speaker and the listeners we are all the same we are all humans who have mistakes and we need to look into different areas in our life and work on them. So now you are specific and he will go has to be measurable 100 reciting Quran you can measure it, how much you are reciting every day. You can have a schedule and you recite Quran inshallah hopefully keep reciting after Ramadan to then you can measure this this riba attend attainable the the set attainable you

00:53:23--> 00:54:09

cannot eat don't get overexcited at the beginning from Madonna and say they will finish reciting Quran 10 times in Ramadan. We know that is not realistic, be reasonable. If you go to work all you are a student, most likely you won't be able to do it, most likely. But if you are I mean you are retired, we'd have nothing to do you might if you want to kill yourself and you know we want to recite Quran 10 times Alhamdulillah if you want to do it, but it has to be attainable and realistic or the same timely or time bound. You have the month of Ramadan by the end of Ramadan issue it should achieve your goals and actually psychologists they said if you keep doing the same thing for

00:54:09--> 00:54:12

21 days most likely you'll be able to continue

00:54:14--> 00:54:38

you do it in a row for 20 days. 21 days Allah Allah Allah Allah my hurts from psychology is saying this. So Rama we have more than 21 days in Ramadan we have 30 days. So if you want to change a habit, a bad habit leave a bad habit or acquire a good habit we have enough time to train ourselves for the whole month and by the end of Ramadan we should be able in sha Allah to achieve our goals.

00:54:40--> 00:54:59

These are to set a specific goal you must answer the sacred six W questions. Number one who is involved, who is involved in this process is not the community is not Amador Ali or Muhammad is you and I you have to take care of yourself. No one will fix your problems.

00:55:00--> 00:55:15

So who is involved is you let as you as era tune with la hora, no one will be responsible for your sins on the Day of Judgment. No one will be responsible for your sins on the Day of Judgment, oh my God, Allah and one time, he was passing by a woman

00:55:17--> 00:56:08

who didn't have food at that time at that night and her children were crying. She didn't recognize Omar, she didn't recognize that he is the Prince of the Believers. And she said, you know, she made I think made the statement against her. Omar said he left us without food without any help without any support. Or Omar was really shaken by her, her her speech. And he wants to the Treasury or the warehouse of Baitul man. And he got some food. He got a bag of food. And he wants you to take it on, carry it on his back. And the guy who was his helper, the Helper, the guy who was in charge of that warehouse, he told him, I will take it, I will take it. Take it easy. Oh, we'll do it myself. Don't

00:56:08--> 00:56:18

worry about it yet. I mean, and Omar will have made a very meaningful statement. He said you are not going to carry my sins on behalf of me on the day of judgment.

00:56:19--> 00:56:34

And he took this bag of food to that family by himself Ameerul Momineen, the leader of the head of the state. So here this is a great lesson for everyone. No one will fix your problems. No one will carry your sins on the Day of Judgment.

00:56:35--> 00:57:20

No one, no one so you are involved and stop complaining anywhere we need to be responsible. There is a great lesson about Adam and how we're worthy made Toba for better as alumna and Fuson, our limiter Villanova, our Honda learn Hakuna nominal hassle in VA alumna Info Center, even though they knew that Shaitan is the one who invited them to eat from the tree when he made the statement did not mention shaitan. They assumed full responsibility. This is what every Muslim need to do nowadays. You take responsibility, stop blaming and complaining about scholars, leaders, teachers, other people and we always do that community members, our community members are not good or leaders are

00:57:20--> 00:57:23

not good or governments are not good. What did you do

00:57:24--> 00:57:37

to make some change in the Ummah What did you do? So we need to take responsibility as individuals, Allah will, Allah will not ask you about your government on the day of judgment or asked me about my government

00:57:38--> 00:58:19

or about my leadership in the community. He will ask me and you What did you do about your situation? The conditions of your commute? Did you do something? Did you start some programs? Did you yourself Did you do something you had the ability to do and everyone had the ability? Well not everyone has the ability to do something to give something for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala we have time if we want to make time we have money, if we want to give for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala we have the intellectual power if we want to participate in scientific programs or in programs of ailment that our we have this is just about laziness and some other some other times different,

00:58:19--> 00:59:05

you know, different excuses. We are good at it at coming up with excuses. But anyway, what do I want to accomplish? We talked about it this is the second question Who number two is what? What do I want to accomplish? We talked about it your SMART goal what is your SMART goal everyone has to have his smart goal where identify a location. They said where you identify a location if you want to recite Quran, pray in the masjid or location in the masjid get closer to Allah subhanaw taala make a lot of dua so at home you will be might be distracted. TV might be on you have children around, you come to the masjid you have more time to worship Allah subhanaw taala so you need to plan for it. Or if you

00:59:05--> 00:59:40

want to increase Islamic awareness within family members, you need to do it at home. Spend time with your family location now is different. You need to help your family members increase their Taqwa. So you spent some time with them at home helping them do a Halakha with them, talking to them about laughter about the deen of Allah subhanaw taala number four when establish a time frame these are the any if you want to establish achieve the SMART goal you have to answer these W questions. So now they are saying when and the timeframe is what

00:59:41--> 01:00:00

is Ramadan. We have one month and we need to work inshallah during this month of Ramadan. And they said which so you identify requirements and restrictions and obstacles. So you have to look at that what can what might prevent me from reaching my goal

01:00:00--> 01:00:32

In Ramadan method if we talk about woman method, many women spend long hours cooking for their family members. So now it's her duty because she is supposed to worship Allah spenta Ramadan to and to get closer to Allah and Ramadan. She's a Muslim and she wants to go to Jana. Now she needs to plan. Now if he's going to spend like three hours, four hours, five hours, six hours a day cooking for the family, then she has to make it balance, cooking for the family something good.

01:00:34--> 01:00:36

She can do it with a good intention.

01:00:37--> 01:01:20

expecting a reward from Allah subhanaw taala feeding the family it becomes it might become an act of EVA if she does it with a good intention. But she needs to make a balance between Quran recitation Salat method and praying on time. There are many woman who went there cooking or washing dishes will they said okay, I'll do it later. I'll pray the hair later. I'll finish this and pray though. And then she gets a call phone call. And then she keep talking she keeps talking to her friend and then she forgets at four o'clock or five o'clock she would remember that she's not prayed for but she can train herself she MSN and if I'm even if I'm cooking, it can stop everything to clock need to make

01:01:20--> 01:01:30

Google and go pray sunnah prayed over properly give this time to my lord to my Creator This is Ramadan need to improve my Eman like my husband to

01:01:31--> 01:01:41

we have more time we have this you know it's easy for us to come to the masjid and and do it but you don't have this opportunity all the time. This is an example

01:01:42--> 01:01:47

an example of other people who work 12 hours 13 hours a day.

01:01:49--> 01:02:00

This you don't have time method and to to come to the masjid or read Quran Allah you might decide to take a break during Ramadan I mean it's up to you is not is not worship is not an obligation.

01:02:02--> 01:02:16

But it is your personal choice you might decide that method I will take a break in the last 10 days of Ramadan I want to improve my Eman my relationship with Allah during the last 10 days of Ramadan. So I will take a break there are people who are thinking in a different way

01:02:17--> 01:02:36

Allah He was asked by some people in this city is it possible for us to break fast this the fast of Ramadan because no Ramadan will come in June or July long hours we have to fast for long hours and we work in the field of construction.

01:02:38--> 01:02:42

So planning doing some photo shopping before Ramadan.

01:02:45--> 01:02:48

And this is not permissible. Actually, this intention is not good.

01:02:50--> 01:03:02

The role Ahmadi said if you know that you will be you'll be doing a very tough, very hard work during Ramadan. What you can do,

01:03:03--> 01:03:41

of course the other The first option is to take a break time off during Ramadan. And take vacation one month vacation during Ramadan. This is one option. The second option, they said, If you couldn't take a vacation and you had to go to work, and you know that you will be working for 12 hours, 18 hours during Ramadan and construction under the sun, the heat of the sun and everything to be very difficult for you. You have to go to that you wake up with the intention of fasting or fasting and you fast keep working. If you cannot handle it.

01:03:42--> 01:04:00

Like you're not about to die but it is extremely it becomes extremely difficult to continue fasting. They said you can break drink some water, eat some food, just to get some energy in some power. And then you quit eating continue the day and then you make up for the day.

01:04:02--> 01:04:18

Because you are not sick if you are sick you have the concession from day one. If someone is sick, someone is suffering you have this permission to to break the fast. But he's not sick. He's healthy. He's okay. He's fine. But he's worried about his the type of work he does in Ramadan

01:04:19--> 01:04:35

that he cannot handle combined between fasting and doing His work properly. So the element he said you go you do this work with the intention of fasting you fast during the day if you cannot handle it. I'm not talking about people who work in offices

01:04:37--> 01:04:41

or students at the university and target people who work outside

01:04:42--> 01:04:50

their construction workers. This these people might be difficult for them to handle fasting in July for maybe

01:04:52--> 01:04:54

around maybe Allah Allah maybe

01:04:55--> 01:04:57

1716 hours.

01:04:58--> 01:05:00

So malaria will be around maybe

01:05:00--> 01:05:43

internal clock at the time yeah 18 hours yeah it's a long period of time. So 18 hours is a long period of time. But they said they never they said no they have to fast and then if they cannot handle it then they have this Roxa to break the fast will allow Talana but my point here is what I said which you identify, you know obstacles you have to look at to the problems that you will face in Ramadan. Then you have to think about them from now and you plan for a wonderful Ramadan inshallah why and the last one is why, for what purpose they want to achieve my goal. We said the main goal in Ramadan is to increase our Taqwa to strengthen our Eman, get closer to Allah subhanaw

01:05:43--> 01:05:59

taala and the ultimate purpose is to go to Jana. This is what you want. You're doing all these things to go to gender and this Allah subhanaw taala and his Allena mean Ali Jana, I prefer to stop now. So everything is fine. Everything is clear.

01:06:02--> 01:06:05

hamdulillah is that Kamala valen Subhana Allah we're hanging sugar

01:06:07--> 01:06:07

to boiling