Hacene Chebbani – One Ummah Conference 2010 – Uthman Bin Affan

Hacene Chebbani
AI: Summary © -- The segment discusses the history and character of the New Muslim State, including the rise of Islamists and the rise of Islamists in the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the western the
AI: Transcript ©
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pursued law here on

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the board EDD

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one or two today when we learn we should really and fusina only see at our marina where you had the low Philomel Villa Hana you live Hello howdy Allahu eyeshadow Allah Allah Hallo Maha Dasha rica or should under Mohammed and Abu Rasool

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the brothers and sisters inshallah we'll be talking as Ferdie brother fairly mention about the third Caliph in Islam Earth man, if you're a fan of the Allahu Anhu may Allah be pleased with him.

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And before we talk about Earth man

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are the Allahu Anhu.

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I'll we'll talk about something very important when we talk about the Sahaba the life of the Sahaba and what happened between them.

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Let me ask you a question before I start. How many of you

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don't know that Earth man was killed was assassinated?

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If you don't know, raise your hand if you didn't know that before.

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Okay, so to begin with, I'll begin with the end of the story Earth man out of the Allahu Anhu was killed in his house

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by the rebellion leaders. So they were there was a rebellion that took place at his time. Some people were not happy with him from Egypt and from Iraq and they came to Medina, and they revolted against him. And then he killed him. This is the end of the story.

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Now, to understand those complicated issues,

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we try to establish a methodology when we talk about the Sahaba or the Allahu Anhu.

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As a Muslim, when you deal when you come across something like this,

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you read it on the internet or in a book or in an article or anything.

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You need to keep in mind few things. Number one,

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what Allah subhanho wa Taala has told us about the Sahaba

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so you go to Aya 100. In Surah Surah Tober was Serbia Kunal aware Luna Meenal Maharaj Marina will answer

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will Latina terbaru whom be sent around the Allahu Anhu more although I'm, well, I don't know whom Jana didn't actually talk to her and her. So Allah Subhana Allah is saying here the first

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four runners among them who hygiene and the answer, the first four runners in faith among them has remained unsolved and those who followed them in good conduct. Allah subhanaw taala is pleased with them and they are pleased with him. He has prepared for them a Jana

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so he's promising here he promising them Jannah paradise. So you keep this in mind.

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You go to this isn't the first is the second is is the end the last iron Surah Tilford Mohammedan Rasulullah will Lavina who actually dealt with alcohol or hammer obey Nahum. In the whole idea about the Sahaba of the Allah Allah Allah subhanaw taala said they are example is mentioned in the Torah, in the Injeel like a plan to that is a green and fresh, standing up high. And then he sadly or the the be human kuffaar He said So may Allah may He Allah in rage with them with their example the disbelievers the example of the Sahaba because the air is a full description of the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu. So here when Imam Malik looked at this idea in Surah, Tilford he said, Anyone who has

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why the disbelievers first of all, why the disbelievers are enraged by the example of the Sahaba because we have so much hatred towards the Sahaba No, he said, Anyone who has whose heart is filled with hatred toward the Sahaba could be a Kaffir based on this idea, because Allah subhanaw taala said, the Aveda be human kuffaar So you keep this idea in mind. And the second number number three, what Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said hi you Nancy, currently from a Latina Latina Yun. So the best generation of Islam is my generation the people who live

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Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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And then when whenever you talk about the Sahaba you study their lives, if you have anything against one of them.

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Remember something? Who are you? Who are we to judge you the Sahaba of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi. Salam? Did we donate like their donations? Did we perform their jihad? Did we support the Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did Allah say about you that He is pleased with you? And you are pleased with him like them? Did he promise you paradise to judge them? No. So you don't have this right? You don't have this right? Now, what we what we're going to talk about is a methodology that will keep us inshallah on the right path. In the safe side, when we study the life of the Sahaba and we talk about the issues that took place at the time.

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Now we'll start talking about Earth man when I found out of the Allahu Anhu.

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And here, the importance why we talk about Rathmann and Abu Bakr and all the Sahaba, the Allahu Anhu. The importance is very simple. I mean, we all know the problem. The problem is that our youth there are attached to some celebrities, they have role models in this society in the western society. So I call this sessions a role model, replacement therapy.

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So we try in sha Allah to bring back their stories and their greatness in our lives in the lives of our youth, then we can benefit from them in sha Allah, and then we can follow their path.

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And there is a great need for that.

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Now Earth man of the Allahu Anhu has a noble lineage.

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He was Earth man if you're a fan of Nabil asked if he knew OMYA Abdi Shamcey Bucha abdomen F.

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So he was from the family of Benu Omiya or the Allahu Anhu

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and his lineage coincides with the with that of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in abdomen F. So he shared the same grandfather or great grandfather, with rasool Allah is Salim who is abdomen F.

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His mother was Urwa been to curries in Robbie Abdulhadi with no additions.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was from the family when Hashem and Earth man from the family of Abu Abu Mejia. Both we both share the same lineage.

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Aruba who is the mother of Earth man her mother is Hakeem al by the been to Abdulmutallab?

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albida been to Abdulmutallab. So she is the sister of whom

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the Father of the Prophet Abdullah, the father of the Prophet Abdullah Abdullah Abdul Muttalib so his sister al by Eva, she is the mother of Urawa, the mother of Earth man, so Earth man is what is the son of the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He was born in Makkah, six years after the birth of Rasulullah Hissar. Selim after Amalfi Amman field was in 570. So most likely he was born on 576 And some people said he was born in five Alana is not really important. What is important is his life and take lessons from his life.

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The wealthy families they had the habit at the time, Morocco was very hot in the summer. So they had a custom to go to our time to spend some time there the weather was very nice there. And they said Earth man

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was born there but Allah Allah, others they say he was born in Mk. As man was born in a rich to a rich family. His father was very wealthy, and his father used to travel to Yemen and to Damascus to a Shem all the time,

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taking care of his trade.

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And he left him when he passed away his father passed away Earth man, or the Allahu Anhu was very young, and he took charge of the business of his father. But he was very effective. He was a great businessman, but of the Allahu Anhu his mother or Robins quarries became Muslim at the time of the conch when maca was conquered. When maca was Ammanford, the ACE after the Hijrah in the eighth year of

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After the hero of Rasulullah saw Salam, his father his mother accepted Islam with his sister. He has a full sister. Her name is Amina. And she used to be a hairdresser in Makkah. And he has other half sisters and brothers from his mother because when his father passed away a fan boy will ask, his mother got married to look back, or be more white. But he passed a careful rock but he passed away as a calf and he was killed in the bottle of butter.

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But most of his brothers and sisters accepted Islam. I mean half brothers and sisters, and also Amina his full sister accepted Islam.

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Now he had the cornea, and he had the nickname.

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A cornea is is an honorific title that was widely used in the Arab world before Islam. And after Islam is just a title showing respect to someone when you call him Abu Dan, putting placing Abu or before the name of the first son.

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So like if you have a son, his name is Abdullah he would be called Abu Abdullah and aunty now people in the area of a Shem and Egypt. They use it they look at it as a sign of respect when you call someone by Abu Phoolan, Abu Mohammed Abu Abdullah, so his Kunia was he got his cornea from his son Abdullah from his mother, who is the mother of Abdullah Rukia, the daughter of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So Muslims you used to call him Abu Abdullah yeah about Abdullah

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and he got a nickname do no rain. Why he got this nickname. The scholars they said because he got married, he's the only one

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from Allah Subhana Allah has created Adam till the end of the time, he was the only one who got married to two daughters of a prophet.

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The first one is Ruqayyah for the Allahu anha. When she passed away, he got married to Uncle whom, and she's also the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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So he got the nickname of the new reign, some people decide. This is the famous explanation of this nickname that he got married to two daughters of the Prophet SAW Selim. Some people decided it could be because he memorized Quran and he was someone who didn't miss pMLN so they said Quran is a no light and prayer at night is a no that's why he was called the no rain that this is a week explanation of Allah Allah Most of the scholars it said because he got married to the two daughters of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam. Now, rosemary, I'm not offended by the Allahu Anhu he had some remarkable traits.

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And he something thinks that he was known by them, like method and modesty and shyness. He was not among the Sahaba that he is bashful. He's modest, he's shine by the Allahu Anhu. And he when he was even before Jamia, he said I didn't I didn't drink alcohol. And they said some scholars of tariffs history they said he didn't

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bow down to a to an idol. And he didn't have any illegal relationship with a lady with a woman. So they said even in January before Islam, he would keep himself away from anything that would blemish his morals and his character. And I'm assuming allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made a great statement some great statements about the bashfulness of Earth man or the Allahu Anhu he said Earth man is a man of great modesty. And the angels feel shy when they see him.

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In the melodica letters to him in Earth man, imagine someone like Earth man, the angels when they see him they feel shy, or the Allahu Anhu and this hadith is in Sahil German. They have generosity and spending for the sake of Allah Subhana Allah Allah no one could excel, Earth man in his generosity except me before Abu Bakr, Radi Allahu Anhu he was so keen to please Allah subhanho wa Taala to support the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala whenever there is a need, and also Allah Salam is asking people to donate or His Rasul Allah wa Salam is raising a problem or an issue or if man is there to donate for the sake of Allah subhanho wa taala.

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We'll talk about different incidents that show his generosity of the Allahu Allah will talk here about him. We'll start with the incident of Makkah, when the McCanns were torturing Muslims, and they try to confine the SP

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Read of Islam and the try to punish the family of rasool Allah Azza Selim Banu Hashim and Muslims with them the isolated them. So what they did to impose a boycott against all Muslims and Benu Hashem and the isolated them in the ship, one of the shared one in one valley besides mucca for three years, and he denied them food and water and everything. Earth man are the Allahu Anhu was there with them? What what did he do? Do you have an idea?

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Anyone has an idea about what the recommended yes

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no, this incident took place in Medina at the time of Abu Bakr, but here we are talking about the McCain period, when Muslims were isolated, Earth man was very wealthy, and he had agents and slaves working for him. So he and some of his agents were not Muslims. So they were not inside the valley that void. You know, that area of where Muslims were isolated. So he had an agreement with them secretly they were buying food and bringing to Muslims and this is how they survive. Maybe there were other ways to get food and to get because water and everything but this is how they survived for three years. So Earth man had a very important role in helping Muslims at that time of the

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Allahu Anhu.

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We go to Medina now and we talk about a rumor, a water well, that is called big rumor.

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In the Arabian Peninsula

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it's something it's a problem that was it was a common problem there in the Arabian Peninsula, the scarcity of water. So a Jew who lived in Medina, he owned this well, big room, and he used to sell his water at high prices to Muslims or non Muslims.

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Now a man came to Medina, he just came. And he found that Muslims are suffering from shortage of water, what did he do? He went to this Jew and he bought half of the world.

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So Muslims will be using this world for one day and then and he will be using this world for the other day. And then he told told Muslims take your time, take enough water for two days when it is your turn, then the Jew when it is his day that no one would come and buy water from him. Then he had to sell the whole well to Earth men are the Allahu Anhu and then he donated the will to Muslims for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala and everyone started getting water for free. Expanding and mercy they never we

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Rasul Allah Azza Salamone. He moved to an Medina, he built a small Masjid because the Muslim community was very small in number. But as more and more people accepted Islam, then the masjid is small. Now it does not accommodate the numbers, the big numbers of Muslims who are accepting Islam and coming here to pray with Rasulullah sallallahu sallam. Now what Earthman did about it? There are two versions. They said that there are a land there was a land before the masjid. And some of the historians they said no, it was a big house owned by someone of mine right away came to the owner of this property, and they offered him he offered him a higher price and he bought it and the Masood of

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Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was expanded to book expedition and Earth man's contribution. Yeah, Allah. This is something wonderful when when you read about it in the ninth year, after the issue of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Romans were preparing themselves to attack al Medina to attack the Muslim or the newly established Muslim state.

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The Romans, so rasool Allah Azza wa sallam heard about their preparations about their intention. So he encouraged the Sahaba of the Allahu Iam to prepare themselves.

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He wants you to send a message to the Romans that we are not weak, you are not going to or not. We are not going to be easy with you. So but the many 1000s of Sahaba were ready but with a severe shortage of horses, camels, even swords and spears.

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Then rasool Allah Azza Selim was encouraging the Sahaba to donate what Earth mandate

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the Jana lover, love the Allahu Anhu he came and donated 960 camels 960 camels plus 40 horses

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and then he brought her

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So Allah Azza wa sallam 10,000 Golden dinars

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and also Lassa syndrome was looking at the Golden dinars in front of him and saying that a lot of men and for Allah delio murder a lot of man a man for Allah, bad delio whatever If man does nothing will harm him after this day.

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And also Allah is SLM was so pleased with water with Mandy of the Allahu Anhu

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and that was in God's word to book

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famine in Medina here we go back to the story of the sister

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during the rule during the role of Abu Bakr, Radi Allahu Anhu there was a great famine and the Calif couldn't do anything about it. And many people didn't find something to eat. Now with manna, the Allahu Anhu as we said that he was wealthy. He had a caravan full of merchandise and food coming from Damascus a sham

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so now what is interesting here the way he donated I'm sure that everyone was saying okay he donated his the caravan, the caravan, but he the way he did it is very interesting, very beautiful. All the merchants all the business people in Medina, they rushed to his house, he came to his house.

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They wanted to make a deal with him. There is famine, no food. Now they wanted to buy his you know his goods and then sell them at higher prices make profits right? So they came to his house and they started giving him offers

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for every Durham there are no silver dyrham at a time or golden dinar we'll give you another dyrham Like if you bought it one year him will buy it with you from from you with two Durham's or three Durham's and he said no, I got someone who gave me more.

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Okay three for one, I got someone who gave me more. And then he said he told him wait a minute, and we are all the business people of Medina we are the merchants of Medina who gives me more who gives you more

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and he told them I got someone who gave me 10 For one and that is Allah subhana wa Tada

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and he said all the whole caravan is a donation for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala love the Allah one

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of the Allah Han

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fear of Allah one of the one of the traits of his personality is fear of Allah.

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And the aroma the said Fear guided the life of Earth man of the Allahu Anhu he was very mindful of death. To the extent that whenever he stands up, he stands up in front of a grave. He would weep and cry Radi Allahu Anhu. But the Sahaba they asked him they said that there is something that is weird here. We mentioned in front of you, Jana, and now and you don't cry, but when you come on, you stand up in front of a grave, you start weeping and crying. And he said, Remember the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu. He said, us Allah Azza wa sallam said the grave is the first stage of the hereafter. If someone is saved from it, then whatever comes after is easier to bear. And if someone is not saved

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from it, then whatever comes after, it will not be easy.

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And that's why whenever he stands up in front of a grave, he would cry on the Allahu Anhu and he used to cry when he prays at night, early days with Islam when he accepted Islam or the Allahu Anhu. So we said he got involved in business in the business of his father from a younger age. And then he traveled to Damascus into Yemen Some people even decide to obey senior and other areas Allah Allah, but for sure for Damascus and Yemen that was a famous, the for the these were the two famous trips for the McCanns going to a sham and going to a Yemen. Now during his travels, he heard some Christian and Jewish scholars talking about a prophet who would appear in the Arabian Peninsula. It

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is time for a prophet to appear in Arabia. And he was talking about him, sort of man he got he got this information

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from them. After a long journey to Damascus. He came back to Makkah in 611.

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And then he found the whole city in turmoil. Everyone is talking about the new prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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and then Earth manner the Allahu Anhu he knew Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam he knew his personality, his good manners. He grew together in the same city they used to play with each other. And he used to be a closer friend to Abu Bakr, Siddiq Radi Allahu Anhu. So he did not oppose the new religion right away he went to Abu Bakr so they didn't go right away to Rasul Allah. But he went to his friend Abu Bakr Siddiq, asking him more information about

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The new religion

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and about the claim that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is making so Abu Bakr Sadiq, he invited him to Islam right away, there is no time to waste. And Abu Bakr and Earthman are the Allahu Anhu accepted Islam. There is a version that said that said that I was talking to him and inviting him to Islam. And after he invited him Rasulillah Salam was passing by them. And he heard the conversation. So he told him Earth man, I was sent to you and to all humankind with Islam, Earth man answered the call of Allah and His messenger. And he said right away, I shall do Allah ilaha illallah wa shadow under Muhammad Rasulullah

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there was a story that it says that when he was coming back from Damascus,

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where he went to a place to take some rest with his some of his companions to sleep,

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and Allah and if it is true or not, but he said the hurt, they were about to sleep and then he heard someone saying a voice.

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Yeah, all sleepers wake up. Matt has emerged in Makkah.

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And he said that Earthman when he accepted Islam, he told this.

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He narrated the story to Rasulullah salAllahu alayhi wasallam. Anyway, he was number four, the fourth male to accept Islam after

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Abu Bakr

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and Zaid, no Hadith among the ladies Khadija the Allah Anna the first one, but he was the fourth and he was 34 years, or the Allahu Ana. When he accepted Islam, his uncle, Al Hakim, US was very upset, was very angry. And he tied him, he tied him up in his house and told him, Hey, you change the religion of your forefathers by Allah. I'm not going to leave you until you go back to the religion of your fathers and earth, mentor him by Allah. I'm not going to leave Islam.

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And then he suffered for several years for several days. And then his uncle knew that Earth man is not going to give up. He's not going to change his religion again. And then he freed him and let him go.

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migration to RB Sr, Earth man out of the Allahu Anhu took his wife Ruqayyah of the Allah and by the way it okay here. She was supposed to get married with earthborn Ibnu Abdullah Abu Lahab he's the uncle of Rasulullah Selim. So Rasulullah Salim gave Ruqayyah and Uncle film rokeya to Aruba, IGNOU Abbey Lahab and unconsumed to table if not a B Lab, but before the consumated marriage with them. Allah subhanaw taala revealed Surah till message tab, but here there have been WhatsApp. So Abu Lahab and his wife were very upset about this surah and then the ask their two sons algebra and rotamer to divorce the two daughters of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they wanted to

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humiliate the family of the Prophet, but actually Allah subhanaw taala honored the family of the Prophet and he got both of them they got married with Earth man. Of course, after Rokia when he passed away, he got married with Uncle Sam.

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No, he with his wife, okay, yeah, he might he migrated to abyssea. And

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Salem, he said the first one to migrate for the sake of Allah pantah with his family after loot is worth man. Maybe he was the first one in the group that went to be senior with his wife. And then the Macan chiefs were very angry about it, because they are now deceived that Muslims are out of their control, they are leaving to another country, they might have power there, you know, so they were very upset, and they decided to send someone to meet and as Yashi Nagus. The this is a title that is given to any king of Abyssinia that time like for our own is not to person a name, it is a title given to the king. So his title is in the Yashi

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the king of Abyssinia at that time so the sound American Alas, and he was a mushrik at that time he was not Muslim or the Allah has gone to Nigeria, she had some relationship with Nigeria, she they were friends. So he got some precious gifts. And he went to India she and he asked him about those people who left their homeland left the religion of their forefathers but did not accept Christianity. So they must have chosen something else. So come is sent for them to be interrogated. Now the king Yes, he was interested. And he called for them. He came to his court and he asked him about the new religion. Jaffa Vitali stood up or the Allahu Anhu he was there Emile Jaffa gonna be

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paleo and he told him about their gloomy conditions before Maha

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What's up? Allahu Allah Selim came to them. And what rasool Allah Azza wa sallam is teaching them to do you know about good morals and about keeping good ties with kinship and charity fasting worshiping Allah subhanaw taala alone. And then the king seemed very pleased with what Jafar Ibn Abu Talib said. Then abnormal ask thought about something else to make the king angry

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to push push another button. So he told him you know, this is something about Jesus and his mother Maryam Alia Salam so the king was very alert. So what do you say about Jesus and his mother? So what Jaffa are the Allahu and what do you expect Jaffa to do?

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To play a game lie to him.

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He recited to him what?

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So that Miriam recited Surah Maryam Radi Allahu

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wa alayhi salam so and then the Naja she was crying. So he saw the tears coming down the cheeks of Najafi and he said he made the statement he said there is no difference between the teachings of Risa Ali salaam, and between the teachings of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he turned back America last he gave him back his presence. And he told them he told the migrants that you are free to live in my land, and no one will dare cause you any hardship. And they lived there for a couple of years until the the the hurt that there is something there is an agreement that took place between Muslims and between the Mexicans and he came back. So decided to go back to Mecca and Earth

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none of the Allahu Anhu and his wife were among the people who went back to Makkah

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among the people who went back to Makkah, then when they reach Makkah, they found that the news are false. That this the conditions are worse. There are some people entered Makkah under the protection of some Mexican leaders. They have a customer that time that if someone is a leader protecting someone else from the enemies, then they will be no one is allowed to touch them. So some of them entered mechanical protection of some McCann leaders, and some of them were caught and they were treated with cruelty and some of them escaped again. They went back to a bit Senia Earth man and his wife decided to stay in Makkah. And that's why he had to suffer with Muslims when they were isolated

00:32:32 --> 00:32:34

in the shape of Makkah.

00:32:36 --> 00:33:21

fav emigration to El Medina. Now we'll be talking about Medina Earthman of the Allahu Anhu decided, actually the conditions of the Muslims in Makkah became worse and worse. And then the McCanns were torturing and killing some Muslims. So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam decided to solve this problem and to help and save the Muslim community from the hardship that there is going through there in Makkah. So Salah Salem he told him to go to El Medina because there was a new Muslim community in in Medina. So Medina became the Metro Salah Salem during Hajj and they accepted Islam and they invited him actually to come to El Medina. So isn't this group of Muslims and Earth man was

00:33:21 --> 00:33:23

one of them with his wife rakia

00:33:25 --> 00:33:27

or the Allahu and Huma

00:33:29 --> 00:33:43

Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam when he went to Medina he did a couple of things he established the Muslim state based on three things. What are the foundation of the Muslim state in Medina when Ursula Cecilia moved to Medina one of them could you mention one of them?

00:33:46 --> 00:33:49

He built the masjid excellent one of them second

00:33:50 --> 00:33:50


00:33:52 --> 00:34:00

brotherhood Yeah, he established some ties and bonds of brotherhood between the Maharaja green and the answer. And number three

00:34:02 --> 00:34:02


00:34:04 --> 00:34:46

treaty Yeah, he drew up treaty with the Jews who lived in Medina at the time. So Earth man or the Alana now the Islamic State, the newly established Islamic State is established and Earthman was one of the pillars of this Islamic State and he did not withhold any opinion or advice or wealth whenever something is needed. Earth man is there and he was present at every major event except butter. And we will know why he did not participate in it was what bother and by the way, the people who criticized him later on he said Ha he didn't participate in it as what butter but we know why. And you will be able to shell out to defend Earth man. He doesn't need our defense. We need to

00:34:46 --> 00:34:49

understand the right way to tackle these issues or

00:34:50 --> 00:34:59

so inshallah we'll be able to defend Earth man together we'll do it together inshallah. So during the second year after the issue of Rasulullah, huzzah, Salam

00:35:00 --> 00:35:30

The Battle of whether took place what happened all Muslims are going with Rasul Allah assassin. Most of them not all of them but most of them because some of them the thought is not going to be a battle they are just going to reclaim their properties from the caravan of Abu Sophia. So 313 or 314 Muslims went out with Rasulullah assassin now with man who was prepared to go with us, Allah Azza Salam, what happened Ruqayyah his wife, she got sick.

00:35:31 --> 00:35:49

And also Allah Azza Sallam told him go back and stay with your wife. She was she got measles, and she was very sick. So also law central him state. Also law he and his commanding him. He's giving him a command to stay. Do you expect him to disobey Allah's Messenger? No.

00:35:50 --> 00:36:36

And what happened later on a Salah Salem, he gave him a share of the booties from the husband's butter. One share from the booties of His word butter. It's like he had the near to go. So he counted him among the people who participated in butter, but he didn't participate because his wife was sick, or the hola Juan and then few days later, she passed away. Roca, Yadi Allah Hana and he was very saddened by her death. So Allah Azza sallam, he looked at his conditions. And he told him he made a proposal to him to marry uncle fu or the Allahu Ana, and he got married with Uncle Flume. And then that's why he was called the man with the two lights, the neuron, the man with the two

00:36:36 --> 00:36:50

lights, and he consumed he consumer to do manage with her in the third year after the Hijra of Rasulullah, sallallahu alayhi wasallam in the fourth year of the Asia, Abdullah dishonor for a man passed away,

00:36:52 --> 00:37:16

and he's also the grandson of Rasulullah. Is Allah Allah Allah, Allah, because he's the son of Roca, the first wife of Earth man or the Allah Han. So when he was six years old, he passed away and consumed stayed with Earth man till the ninth year of the Hijra in Shaban she passed away, or the Allahu Allah. And then here there is something very interesting here.

00:37:17 --> 00:37:29

Earth man was very sad when unconsumed passed away. And also Allah Selim looked at him, you know what he told him? With him Earth man, if we have a third one we would have given to you

00:37:31 --> 00:37:31

for marriage.

00:37:33 --> 00:37:35

What is interesting here,

00:37:36 --> 00:37:43

you know, I am sure even if someone is very religious, you know, and he had two daughters who got married with one man

00:37:45 --> 00:37:52

and both of them passed away what he will think even if he's Arcade is good and mashallah is a good Muslim.

00:37:53 --> 00:37:55

Can you think of anything?

00:37:59 --> 00:38:11

Bad luck? Yes, that luck but Rasul Allah says salam, he knew this is the color of Allah. This is the color of Allah Allah subhanaw taala decreed that, okay, he got sick and then she passed away, and who could have been passed away?

00:38:15 --> 00:38:51

Know in the sixth year of the Hegira after the Hijrah, of the messenger of ALLAH, Rasool Allah Selim decided to go to Ramadan to perform Umrah with 1400 Muslims, and that is called here what happened during this trip is called Soul * who they via this treatment treaty that took place between Muslims and the Moroccans and it is called the Treaty of Davia. So they decided to go to make Amara and we were there, the dress of a haram and they had no plans to fight.

00:38:53 --> 00:39:01

And then when he reached one place someplace between Mecca and Medina, we heard that the Mexicans have made the decision not to let them in.

00:39:03 --> 00:39:47

So rasool Allah says salam sent someone to Makkah, his name is harsh, to talk to them and Muslim to tell them explain to them the NIA the intention of Rasulullah Salam and his companions, they did not come to fight with you. They just came to make Amara and then you're gonna leave with the McEntee when they were about to kill him this man and he was saved and he came back to the salah Salem without any success. He didn't do anything. Then Rasul Allah says hadn't thought about sending Omar Pablo the Alana and then Omar he said the rasool Allah, if you send me I don't have support there. I don't have strong family because Omar he was from either way from Benny daddy, and it's not a strong

00:39:47 --> 00:39:59

family Mecca. So he said you should send someone who has support them, who has a strong family to to protect him. But remember what he said Rasul Allah said

00:40:00 --> 00:40:05

Rasul Allah if you want me, I will go. If you want me to go to Morocco, I will obey your commands.

00:40:06 --> 00:40:18

And then he suggested to send the Earth man, then Rasulullah Salam he, I thought it's a good idea. He sent it with man about the Allahu Anhu because he got a strong immediate family but it will Mejia

00:40:19 --> 00:40:36

Benoit mania was a strong family in Makkah. So And Rasulullah Hissar Selim thought that he will be able inshallah to protect their son. So he went there. And then the news reached the Muslims that he was killed with manna, the Allah who I know what happened is, every Muslim

00:40:38 --> 00:40:47

stood up, as Allah says him called them for baya, give you their pledge to die or stand up to avenge the murder of Earth man.

00:40:49 --> 00:41:35

And every Muslim came and offer his bear. He gave his pledge to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam they said some Rula Maddy said except one and he said he wasn't gonna fuck Allah Allah. What's happening that this is called by to read one read one means satisfaction that Allah is satisfied pleased with them. Or it's called by to Shara the pledge of the tree because we did. We gave him their pledges under a tree. And these pledge this collective pledge. Please Allah Subhana Allah, Allah and His messenger. And what happened after everyone is done. Rasul Allah Azza wa sallam, he said, in case man is alive. He said, This is my hand. And this is the hand of Earth man.

00:41:36 --> 00:42:17

It's like, Man is giving a pledge in his absence. Then he told him some of the Sahaba we told Rasulillah Salam, that Earth man, you know, look, this is very interesting. Whereas men will do tawaf around the cargo. Oh, he's lucky. He's in Makkah, who will do a walk around the Kaaba. And as Allah Salam told them what told me I know I know Earth man will not do tawaf until I do tawaf. He will not do tawaf before me and this is what happened in Makkah, the some people we suggested that he does tawaf around the Kaaba and he refused. Earthman as my didn't know about what Rasulillah Salam said, Allah is outside Mecca, and he's inside Makkah and Subhanallah they know each other and

00:42:17 --> 00:42:17

they love each other.

00:42:20 --> 00:42:20


00:42:27 --> 00:42:30

other duties in Medina after the went back to Medina,

00:42:32 --> 00:42:33

other duties in Medina,

00:42:34 --> 00:42:53

as manager of the Allahu Anhu has divided his time between a few things, like he used to manage his business, and he's wealth. And as we said, he has a great wealth of camels and horses and he had his servants and agents, how Allah subhanaw taala has opened the doors of his mercy for him.

00:42:54 --> 00:43:00

And he was half of who memorized the Quran, but he did not miss the night prayer.

00:43:01 --> 00:43:39

You ever it was his habit to offer the night prayer every night, and he was the scribe. He was someone who knows how to write. And he used to write why revelation 12 Zulu Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, I showed the Allahu anha she said one time it was sitting behind Rasulullah saw Selim, and it was he was receiving the revelation why? On Earth man was in front of him writing and he was telling him October a theme, October a theme or a theme is and he was he was calling him with a very nice name. When when someone is Yanni dear to your heart, you call him you change his name in a very nice way.

00:43:43 --> 00:43:51

He was the governor of Medina for 11 days during the campaign have a lot of fun. And here new fighting has taken place.

00:43:52 --> 00:44:21

And he was the governor of Medina for 15 days during the campaign of that record, and no fighting has taken place. Why? In the first time, a lot of fan, they got scared. They knew that he heard that Muslims are coming. So they run away to the mountains and didn't want to face Muslims. So no fighting has taken place at the time. And the second time that Rica The Muslims faced their enemy, and every party was waiting for the other party to attack.

00:44:22 --> 00:44:39

So the Muslim didn't want to start and the other ones didn't want to start the fighting. So they were looking at each other and Rasulullah saw Selim performed so lateral health in that occasion, and then the non Muslim decided to leave and the Muslims came back to Medina no fighting has taken place.

00:44:40 --> 00:44:56

Earth manner of the Allahu Anhu now during the rule of the two caliphs Abu Bakr, an Earth man during the class of Abu Bakr and with man, he was very he had a close relationship with Abu Bakr and Earthman or the Allahu Anhu he married and Omar Ravi Allah Animesh made

00:44:57 --> 00:44:59

most of the Sahaba most of the famous Sahaba

00:45:00 --> 00:45:17

are the great Sahaba during the rule during the rule of Abu Bakr, enter Ali and Omar they stayed in Medina didn't leave for jihad or anything. Why? Because Abu Bakr and Omar they needed their advice. So they were counseling them, helping them running the affairs of the Muslim state.

00:45:18 --> 00:45:57

So he stayed in Medina and Earth manner the Allahu Anhu had a role in selecting Omar after Abu Bakr passed away Abu Bakr before he passed away, he told him this man, what do you think about what do you think of Omar? And he said, you know, he said a great he made a great statement about Omar, very great statement. He said Valley cara chalone Saru, who Hiren min Allah Ania. And this is a very deep statement, very garage alone, Cyril who hires him and he is a man who's who's whose private life is better than his public life.

00:45:59 --> 00:46:00

You know, what does it mean?

00:46:01 --> 00:46:19

It means that he's very sincere, because people are three types. People, one, one man, whose private life is like his public life. He's not a monolithic, but yeah, and what he does privately, he does it in front of people.

00:46:20 --> 00:47:12

He prays privately the way he prays in front of people, he doesn't change. He, whatever he does, and the second man type of people whose private life is worse than his public life in front of people. He's good, Mashallah. He's wonderful. He's praying in the best way, he's doing his best. But when he's alone, He's different. He's a different person. He's worse than that, that could be that could be dangerous. And someone he had had to check his knee and check to his relationship with Allah subhanaw taala the best of them is whose private life is better than his public life. So he worships Allah subhanaw taala in the best way when he's alone, between him and Allah subhanho wa Taala Earth

00:47:12 --> 00:47:24

man here, he had this opinion about Amara, why? Because they knew each other, you know, the suffering that is taking place in our communities nowadays. Because people who work with each other, they don't know each other.

00:47:25 --> 00:48:05

They come through elections. And then you get someone from here from this background, someone whose background didn't meet each other. They don't, I mean, didn't have relationship didn't talk to each other. And then he get together in a committee or a council or whatever. And then you know, the suffering starts the ended up fighting and they don't have trust in each other. Why? Because they don't know each other. And this is a huge problem because there is no tarbiyah didn't grow up together in one Masjid in one place. They see each other all the time in the masjid and then he can serve Islam in the best way because they knew each other now Earth man here he knows her Omar very

00:48:05 --> 00:48:09

well said Daddy Cara Shula and Saru who Hiren min Allah and

00:48:12 --> 00:48:15

oh my god, they have only 252 minutes

00:48:17 --> 00:48:17


00:48:19 --> 00:48:19


00:48:21 --> 00:48:25

An Earth man was the first person to offer allegiance to Amara, the Allahu Anhu.

00:48:26 --> 00:49:02

By Earth man as a Caliph. He ruled from 644 ad till 656 ad 12 years and the first six years were trouble free were the best. The best period in his rule is the first six years. The second six years he had some problems with people we'll talk about them shall very quickly now are the amount of the Allahu Anhu before he passed away. He selected six Sahaba he said Rasul Allah, Selim passed away while he was pleased with them. One of them is arithmetic, and I found a Zubaydah when I when I'm done

00:49:04 --> 00:49:17

with all it felt happier Obaidullah on Saturday, because he said among you, six, you choose the color if you choose the ruler, and then two days passed, they were wasted without selecting anyone then

00:49:19 --> 00:49:49

he said, I will give up my claim, if you if you accept to abide by my decision, I make the decision, who's going to be the Khalifa. So they accepted his offer. Then he gave up his his claim. And then he was start making lengthy discussions and matura with all the Sahaba and he found that the majority of the Sahaba selected or the preferred Earth man or the Allah who I know and then Earth man was selected as a Khalifa after Umar Radi Allahu Allah.

00:49:50 --> 00:49:59

By conquest under Earthman what happened? Some citizens in the Muslim state rebelled after the death of Rama Radi Allahu Anhu. So with man direct

00:50:00 --> 00:50:34

to delivery Dibner Akbar his half brother to take steps against them in the area of Iraq and Iran. And he attacked as their vision and its people agreed to pay the Jizya did YouTube again other began. That was, I mean, it's a known country now, Sandman or the Allahu Anhu was sent to Armenia with a Muslim army, but he could not gain control over the whole country, but he could he got control over a partially any part of the country. But later on, it was Yanni it was conquered by Muslims.

00:50:35 --> 00:51:24

The people foray in Iran had revolted. But we were overpowered by Abu Musa Shadi, Abu Musa lashari solve the problem of the Allahu Anhu. Another uprising took place in Alexandria, and it was put down Salman or the Allahu Anhu. Moved to Syria. He was the leader of an army with 10,000 people. And the Met the Romans there and the Romans were defeated, and they lost some of their city cities there, Abdullah he conquered with his army to terrible's in Libya, and Barsi which is burqa, and he threatened Carthage, which is Carthage in English, and he was met by a huge Roman army he sent a letter to Earth man, Earth men are the Allahu Anhu sent to him. 10,000 people sold years under the

00:51:24 --> 00:51:29

command of Abdullah Abu Zubaydah or the Allah Han and the defeated the Roman army

00:51:30 --> 00:51:35

and the whole North African area became Muslim land.

00:51:36 --> 00:52:27

Now the first Islamic naval force was established during the rule of Earth man in the year 28, after the Hijra 500 ships 500 ships were sent to conquer Cyprus, and the island was an important Byzantine naval base. The Romans had the power there, they had control in Cyprus, and the it was taken by the Muslims, administrative divisions of the state were revised, like Mithuna, Egypt was divided into two provinces, for example, so a man of the Allahu Anhu made it into one province, Syria, the same thing and other so he made them 12 provinces in his, in the under the rule of the Islamic Caliphate. Many public projects were expanded, schools were built, massaging guest houses for the travelers.

00:52:28 --> 00:53:15

And the Islamic Caliphate was gaining their huge income of wealth from the other different countries in different provinces. And Earth men are the Allah and one of the last lasting legacies was the Tootsie Roll Ileana expansions of the Islamic the Islamic Caliphate at his time. The first Muslim envoy to China was sent at the time of Earth man in the year 650 under the command of Sadhguru of your cause, and he met the Chinese emperor of the Tang Dynasty in 650. The Emperor did not accept Islam, but he allowed the Muslims to stay there and invite people to Islam. And the first Chinese Masjid was built in that year 651.

00:53:16 --> 00:53:20

It was at the time of earthmen of the Allahu Anhu.

00:53:21 --> 00:53:23

Please, let's go very quickly.

00:53:25 --> 00:53:32

What he did, he increased the salaries and allowances by 25 persons to the soldiers and the rest of Muslims.

00:53:33 --> 00:53:54

He lifted the restrictions placed by Omar on the purchase of the land, or Omar he was restricting people to purchase land in the other in the other provinces. But remember the Allahu Anhu lifted this restriction so the Sahaba start buying land and then this created some problems with some of the local people. This is one of the underlying tensions

00:53:57 --> 00:53:57


00:54:00 --> 00:54:47

But he's remained he's best remembered for his decision to unite the Muslims on one standard text of the Quran one must have because Rasul Allah Azza wa sallam, he was teaching the Arabs based on their dialect seven dialect. The Quran Zilla Allah separate it out of so they have different dialects at the time in the Arabian Peninsula. But Rasul Allah says Solomon, he used to recite the Quran he recited upon the dialect of Quraysh. So the Sahaba when he traveled and they want to travel to provinces and other areas, they had some conflict between them, there are different languages some differences. So the Sahaba the came after the Quran was collected at the time of a book, he came to

00:54:47 --> 00:54:59

Earth man, and he told him you need to unite the Muslims on one dialect. And that was the dialect of Quraysh so he found the most half with half salt of the earth the Allahu anha the southern

00:55:00 --> 00:55:34

At the daughter of Omar, the wife of Rasulullah sallam, he took that copy from her and he commanded the sahaba. To make seven copies. They were sent to different provinces with every copy a recital of the Quran traveled with this copy, and he used to teach people the right way to recite the Quran and Allah subhanaw taala used them to preserve his book. Radi Allahu Anhu. Another significant expansion during the rule during during the rule of Earth man was the expansion of the mercy the neighbor we in the year 29th After legion of Rasul Allah Azza wa sallam fame

00:55:41 --> 00:55:49

now if I need the money, the most important thing is here what happened at the end of his life and the fitna and allegations?

00:55:51 --> 00:55:59

We might talk about this issue I think in a different program. It's a long I don't want to I want to give it justice. So there is no time to talk about it.

00:56:00 --> 00:56:08

But of the Allah Allah, I'll tell you something in conclusion, before I leave, what Rasul Allah is our Salam said about Earthman

00:56:10 --> 00:56:17

couple of Hadith one of them is at one time he was in a garden with Abu Musa luxury.

00:56:18 --> 00:56:44

And someone knocked the door it has this garden has a door gate, someone knocked the gate, and he wanted to enter he asked permission to enter. And Abu Musa luxury Ursula told Abu Musa Shall I go open the gate, and give glad tidings of Jannah of paradise to whomever is there and he opened the gate and it was Abu Bakr Siddiq. So he told him what Rasulullah saw Selim said, and he said Alhamdulillah

00:56:46 --> 00:56:49

then someone a second one, knock the door.

00:56:50 --> 00:56:56

And Rasulullah Selim told Abu Musa Shari go open the gate, and give him the glad tidings of Jannah paradise.

00:56:58 --> 00:57:04

And it was he opened the gate and he found the room out of there. He told him about the glad tidings of Jana. He said that hamdulillah

00:57:06 --> 00:57:06


00:57:08 --> 00:57:47

third one, not the gate and then asking permission to enter a Bucha RS Allah told boo Musella Cherie, go and give him a glad to open the gate for him. Give him the glad tidings of Jana la tidings of Jana Allah Belvoir to Cebu for some hardship for some calamity that will befall him and he opened the door and it was Earth man of the Allah. So Allah so Allah Azza wa sallam gave him the glad tidings of Jana. So when we study his life, we keep this in mind. Number two, one time Rasul Allah has assalam climbed the mountain or hurt with a walker or an Earth man

00:57:48 --> 00:57:50

and gerbil or Chuck

00:57:51 --> 00:58:39

was shaking. So Rasulullah Selim looked at or hurt, and as he said, who narrated the Hadith he said, I think he started with his foot, and he said, Earth would be still overheard. There is no one on top of you except a prophet, and the Saudi and two martyrs, a prophet and a Sandeep Abu Bakr and two martyrs who are to do martyrs. Earth man and Omar * alone. Salah sola says me saying he's a Shaheed now we keep this in mind when we study the life of Earth man, those allegations is easy to refute them. There are crazy people sick people for fighting fault finding people looking for his faults, and he forgot about his what he did to Islam. With the donations he gave what Rasul Allah

00:58:39 --> 00:58:55

Salam said about him, and he was killed Allah Subhana Allah chosen him as a Shaheed, but if maybe we will do it in a different program in sha Allah or we will put the slides in the website irc.ca Inshallah, I'm sorry, we don't I don't have time now to finish the whole program. And Chef

00:58:57 --> 00:58:59

Shala Kemal McKee will talk about the different types

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