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Quran Gateway Series Part 3: How The Quran Came Down
Channel: Habib Bobat
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Mr. camara de la vaca to welcome to Robbie Sydney on radio Islam international My name is Javi Baba and inshallah be keeping your company this morning. We continue with Quran gateway series and this is episode number three Masha Allah. Last week we discussed why we discussed the importance of war Hey in this world, what is the meaning of war he will discuss, how did he come down to Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, we looked at the three different ways in which Allah subhanaw taala communicated to the Prophet of Allah sallallahu sallam, and all three are known as why we said that the Prophet of Allah would either receive wa hate by Allah subhanaw taala inspired in his heart, or Allah
subhanaw taala would speak to him from behind the veil, or Allah subhanaw taala would send down an angel who would come down to the message of Allah subhanaw taala we also spoke about the intensity of the Hadith when the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would receive what he, he would perspire profusely, he would start to shiver, and the intensity would be such that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would tremble. Now today I want to discuss the historical background to the Quranic revelation.
I want to go into the historical background step by step and take you through each process as to how the Quran actually came down. So the first thing that we need to understand that the Quran had passed through three phases, the first descent of the Quran was to learn the preserved tablet and year the Quran came in its entirety. Well who are called Majid, fellow him, Allah indicates towards us in the Quran, that Allah subhanaw taala had revealed the entire Quran to the local manifold, that's the first descent of the Quran. The second descent of the Quran is to elbaite Mahmoud, also known as bei to Lysa. albedo Mahmoud or albedo lizer. That's the second descent of the Holy Quran.
albedo Mahmoud is directly above the Kaaba that we have in this world, and it is found in the heavens, and which the malayaka of Allah subhanaw taala circumambulate and they make the wife of in Angelo feel a little more Baraka. We have revealed the Quran in a blessed night in Angelo feel a little colder, and also shahara Ramadan levy origin of Al Quran, the Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan, all these verses indicate towards the second descent of the Quran and which is towards albedo Luma more or Albay to Eliza.
The third descent of the Quran was then from a very onwards towards the world. And this came down in bits and pieces according to the need of the time as Allah subhanaw taala refers to this in the Quran as an amine, Allah can beaconit akuna Minal Mondrian, Allah subhanho wa Taala sent, so you didn't ajiboye la salat wa salam with the divine message. So here we learn brothers and sisters in Islam, that they are three descendants of the poor and the first descent to lo and behold, the second descent to beta l'amour, and the third descent to the world. And the third descent came over a period of 23 years. It came in bits and pieces, according to the need of the time. Allah subhanaw
taala would reveal the Quran. The question arises here that why did Allah subhanho wa Taala send the Quran over a period of 23 years and not at one goal? So there are many reasons I'm just going to highlight one or two. The first one is for practical purposes. If you give somebody an entire menu, and you give them 600 pages and tell them this is your way of life, and this is your code of conduct, how is it person going to practice on the book by looking at the book itself? He will be taken aback and he will say You know what? It's a mammoth task for me. I can't practice on the entire book at one go. Yes, I can understand if you can introduce to me concepts, one after the
other. And slowly, slowly, you can bring in the concepts I can still understand. But if you are going to introduce the entire gene to me in one go through the book form, it's going to become impossible. So a loss of how to turn I looked at the practicality and Allah sent down the Quran over 23 years. So the Sahaba were able to practice any injunction.
That came down. The Prophet of Allah would inform the Sahaba. And so they were able to practice on those injunctions. Now imagine if Salah came down Zakah came down Hajj came down Ramadan all came down in one go in the Quran. How would the Sahaba manage with the with the implementation of the Sharia of Allah subhanho wa Taala slowly, slowly Allah subhanaw taala introduced one concept at a time, and that's how the Quran came down over 23 years. So number one, because of practical reasons and because of practicality, Allah subhanho wa Taala sent down the Quran over 23 years.
Number two, Allah subhanho wa Taala sent down the Quran over 23 years, so that the Quran could remain relevant. So a person has got a lot of money. He wants to know how to spend it. He would come to the Prophet of Allah and he would ask, yes, Allah Allah kamada unifi upon Allah we have a lot tell us where do we spend our money. And so the Quran would come down, Palma and talk to me in hiding for a little while he didn't he was a carabiner laietana Wilma Sakina wokeness Sabine, Allah says, whatever you want to spend spend on your parents first. The first avenue of spending is your parents spend on them generously, then your relatives, your family members, then the poor people and
travelers in the wayfarers. So Allah subhanaw taala highlighted way to spend your money when the need arose, a low would send out and so the Quran came down over 23 years according to the need of the time. I give you another example. The Prophet of Allah sallallahu Sallam was traveling with a Muslim army. And this was after the Battle of Berlin mustered up the army got delayed because of eye shadow, the low tide and her losing her necklace, etc. I'm not gonna go into the long story. But at that time, the Muslim army needed to perform salah and the ruling was that at the time of Salah you need to perform Judo before you can actually go into solder. But the problem that the Muslim army
encountered was that there was no water around. There was no water around so what do you do in a situation like that? So Allah subhanaw taala then revealed the verses of tm for the first time the Muslim Ummah, made the move and perform salah and this was to the Baraka of eyeshadow, the a lot on how also Masha Allah. So yeah, again, what I'm highlighting is that whenever the need arose, whenever a need came up, Allah subhanaw taala was sent on Quran. That is why the Quran was revealed in bits and pieces, because it was revealed at a certain time, for a certain purpose, and to educate the people also. So likewise, you find many other parts of the Quran. But imagine if the Quran came
down in its entirety. And now you are experiencing a difficulty, you don't know where to refer to in the Quran number one, and number two, you don't know how to apply the verse also. So to look at things practically aloud, send a verse to the Prophet of Allah, or Jorge to the Prophet of Allah. And then the Prophet of Allah would show the Sahaba he himself would show the Sahaba as to how to apply this verse, and where it fits in and how it should be implemented. So that's the reason why the Quran took 23 years to come down to the words of Hannah law only
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it is on gateway series and this is episode number three. And that's how we have discussed the descent of the Quran from Allah subhanho wa Taala to a lower manifold, then the second descent to albedo Eliza or albedo, Malmo and the third descent which came down to the world over a period of 23 years, and we discuss the wisdom behind it also. Now I want to discuss at a time of Revelation, the prophet of Allah would rush into retaining whatever it has been revealed to him. The Prophet of Allah sallallahu Sallam would exert himself. So algebra, Isla de salat wa salam would be reciting and giving the warhead down to Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam he would be exerting himself. And the
reason why he was doing this is that he wanted to memorize every letter and every word of the way according to how it was revealed. And he did not want to make any mistake, and so he would hurt himself. Allah subhanaw taala said, when a tarjan bilco Ernie min Cobra yoke La La kawakubo on a Viva La Don't rush, don't worry when were he is
been sent to you. When the Quran is coming down to you. Humans just follow a gibberellin a salat wa salam. As far as putting it into your heart and your memory. That's our job. That's our job. That's not your job. Don't worry about that. Not to have it be Lisa decolletage to be older we have a lot, don't worry.
In Alena jamara who are poor Anna, it is our responsibility to see that the Quran is transferred to your bosom is transferred to your heart, and it's committed to memory. It's our responsibility. So if Allah has taken responsibility, you can rest assured that there is no errors at all. hamdulillah
Aside from that, each year, the prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would make one complete Hotham what Jabra salat wa salam in the month of Ramadan. But prior to him passing away before he passed away, and before he left this world, he made two huttons, two completions of the Quran serrato salaam, this was an indication to say that the Prophet of Allah is going to believe in this world very soon. And also this was to to to see that everything is perfect and fine, that there are no errors and Alhamdulillah everything is been taken care of. So you can see a loss of Hadith Allah Himself divinely made arrangements for the preservation of war he in the heart of Mohammed Salah
longlining send them
now let's look at the first first way that came down to this world. The very first verse that was revealed to Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam. We know that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would go into seclusion for many days. He would take along with him food and provisions for the journey, and he would seclude himself in the cave of Hira as it is still found today. And the profit of a loss on a loved one is silom would meditate. He would ponder and reflect on life, he would search for answers for the mysteries of life. And it was in this situation, when one day the Prophet of Allah was approached by Satan algebra in LA salat wa salam. So say Dynegy, Brian and
Serato Sam came to Him. And He said to him,
read and Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam said, Man, according I am not learned, I don't know how to read a prophet of Allah sallallahu sallam, then received an embrace and a hug from Jabra salat wa salam. And they after the Prophet of Allah was asked to read, and he was able to read through the fallen and the grace of Allah subhanho wa Taala. The first verse and the first revelation to be revealed was on the 17th of Ramadan. And this was in Macedon, mocha Rama in the cave of Hira 17th of Ramadan was the first revelation and the last revelation to come to this world.
The last revelation to come to this world has also been noted and jotted down by the scholars have said in the scholars of history, and that is, what taco Yeoman total Chow and a fee in a law somatoform kulula fc maca sabot
lamone this was the last verse to be revealed revealed to Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam nine days after this verse, the prophet of a law passed away. So this shows you that this was the last verse revealed to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam they are people who are under the misconception that Aloma occult welcome Dina come well at Mangala cambiamenti or odd lumen Islam Medina is the final verse to be revealed. That is incorrect because this verse was revealed during the hacha to Lula da number one, this verse says that today we have completed for you your religion and your deen
and we have completed for you our favors and we have chosen Islam as a religion. So this kinda like gives the impression that this is the final verse and the final revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala. But what this verse actually means is that in terms of
in terms of rulings, we have completed your religion. There isn't anything after this. But in terms of management, they are still continuing with our revelation in terms of reforming your morals in terms of admonition you with regards to our era, in terms of remind you, reminding you about other matters, that still continues. So Aloma Kemal tuna comb, is not the last verse to be revealed to the word to the Prophet of Allah Salallahu alaihe salam, let's try and understand that also.
Another thing I want to cover your very quickly is that you see the verses of the Quran in a certain sequence.
You see the surah of the Quran also in a certain sequence?
So, the question here arises that the Quran was revealed over 23 years, who decided on the sequence of the ayah, ayat number one, and number two, who gave the sequence of the sutras, the verses of the Quran, were given sequence by the prophet of Allah himself. And he would be told that this is where this verse fits in. And this is where this verse goes. And you must remember, not every surah was revealed in its entirety at one goal.
Many times Allah subhanaw taala would reveal a portion, and then a portion afterwards, and then the Prophet of Allah would show the Sahaba how the verses would fit in with one another. As far as the sutras are concerned, as far as as soon as a concern, here, the understanding of the river is that and our lovers will call you out and also has backed us up that the sequence we're given by the Sahaba of the low tide on mine, and the consensus of the Sahaba is sufficient for us. The ajumma of the Sahaba is sufficient for us. If they have given a certain sequence, then that is Alhamdulillah more than enough and it is sufficient for us to follow.
Another important metric to understand is that when you open the Quran, you will find next to the name of the Surah machiya o madonia. You'll see these words de machiya oma donea which basically means a mucky surah or Madani surah. Now, what does this imply? What does the term mucky surah imply and what does the term madonie surah imply? So in in a very simple understanding, you may take it as follows that whatever revelation was coming down to the Prophet of Allah before hegira before he migrated to Medina to munawwara, is classified as MKI solaz
ki kiya MKII surah does not mean that it was revealed in Makkah, please understand that, because many times the Prophet of Allah was also out of Macau, and he received the revelation. So any sort of before hegira is known as McKee surah. And any surah that was revealed after the hegemon of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam is regarded as a Madani Surah Now irrespective of where it was, whether it was in Medina or outside of Medina, wherever it may be, whether the Prophet of Allah was a traveler or not, those sutras are classified as madonie surah. So long as it was revealed after the migration of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So Alhamdulillah we have discussed many points
today also with discuss
the descent of the Quran from Allah subhanaw taala to lotion for that we've discussed the descent of the Quran to albedo more, and then we've discussed the third descent of the Quran which came down to the Prophet of Allah over a period of 2030 years through the medium of sage energy Brierley salat wa salam. We also discussed the wisdom behind the Quran coming down in bits and pieces and not at one go. We also discuss that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu Sallam with a hurry, in the effort to memorize the revelation in the Hadith was coming down. And we said that Allah subhanaw taala would make divine arrangements for that to be taken care of. We also discussed the first revelation, which
was ikura, which came down in hora Hara. And we also discussed the final revelation and came down to this world. We then discussed in the end, that the sequence that has been given to the Quran in terms of the verses and one of the thing that I forgot that we also discussed, is that, the mucky and the madonie surah. We mentioned that the murky surah are those sources that were revealed before he dropped and the madonie surah are those that were revealed after he left. I hope you're enjoying the series inshallah. We'll continue with this next week.