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70 Major Sins #26 – Sin 49 Wailing & Lamenting, Sin 50 Transgression & Rebellion Over Ruler

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Fatima Barkatulla

Channel: Fatima Barkatulla

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Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala Rasulillah the assisters A salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. And welcome to another episode or another class in our series of classes on the 17th major sins based on Kitaoka by air by Imam Vehbi.

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I just want to make sure you can all hear me

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nobody has said anything yet.

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You know, in the chat please.

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Okay, great.

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So let me

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get my screen

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okay.

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So, last time we had just finished speaking about the major sin,

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basically making graven images,

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okay. So, originally or also for the suir is actually

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carving images, you know, like carved objects that are

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living things or things with the soul in them, right.

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So, for example, statues, sculptures, those types of things, right. And so, those are prohibited. And we talked about how,

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you know, this carving of images and carving of statues and sculptures of living things is what led

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human beings to commit shirk, right?

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To try to make a likeness of a human being or a living thing, and then eventually, they would start worshipping that thing, right. And today, you know, you can go all over India, and you'll see human beings still

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and down to

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all kinds of statues.

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And so, although, you know, it's controversial in the West,

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the Prophet sallallahu wasallam did command the Muslims to

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not to leave any

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statue

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without removing it, or at least defacing it.

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And so that's probably why you see, you know, people in certain countries like Afghanistan, etc, you know,

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trying to remove statues and things like that.

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I haven't really looked into whether the attitude of Muslims to statues changed, you know, like, when, for example, the Muslims were ruling India,

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I don't know how they must have managed

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to rule parts of India without

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kind of, at least accepting what allowing,

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you know, certain people to be able to have their own any idols and things like that. But certainly, when it comes to the Arabian Peninsula, you know,

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on the day when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam conquered Makkah, he

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very symbolically and very powerfully

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removed all of the idols from the Kaaba, right, the cargo that was built for the worship of Allah alone

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had become filled with 300 You know, surrounding and within the caliber 300 Idols

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Subhanallah look how easily and quickly human beings become corrupted, you know,

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just a few generations before that, okay, quite a few generations,

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human beings had been worshipping Allah alone, right.

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And then, you know,

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there were traveling Arabs who brought an idol from a sham I believe that was the first idol that was brought to Mecca. And then slowly, more and more idols. You know, people they would travel, they would see some people worshiping something and they think, Oh, that looks like a good thing. Or, you know,

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They would bring the statue back to Mecca.

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And eventually, the whole of Makkah,

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was what became a central place for the worship of idols Subhan Allah. And so, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam very symbolically removed those idols and restored the garba to being

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the first house, the first building ever built for the worship of Allah alone.

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And we know that the scholars say that actually Adam Ali salaam was the first to build a car, but we'll build a place of worship there in that spot. And then over time, it had disappeared. And then Ibrahim Ali Salam was asked to build it again, on the same spot, right.

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So

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this is why Islam takes idols, sculptures, those kinds of things very seriously. You know, because human beings have a track record of taking these things and for them to eventually lead to

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worship. I'm not sure. But

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it's quite striking when you go to Egypt. And you see the Sphinx. You know, the Sphinx the, it's like, got the head of a pharaoh or an Egyptian and then human, and the body of a lion, right? It's some giant sculptures, and it's like a giant

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statue is a sculpture in the sand, right?

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And the nose has been,

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like, knocked off, right? How did these things is known as getting knocked off? You know? Was it Muslims? I don't know. But it would make sense because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did come on Muslims to

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destroy idols, or at least deface them, especially when it's on their land, not obviously not going to other people's lands and

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etc, we're talking about once Muslim once a land becomes part of Islam.

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Yeah, it'd be interesting to know how that might have changed over time, you know, definitely you can see that the Sahabas attitude towards statues, iron ores and those types of things was very strong. But like I said, I don't know how the models

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would have lived in India right? Or would have ruled India and removed idols. They probably didn't.

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They probably didn't. I shirt or the land Hi reported the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam entered the house while there was a curtain with pictures on it. So there was a curtain that she had put up with some kind of design on it that was

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of living things. Maybe it was butterflies. No, it was birds, probably birds, I believe I read that it was birds.

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The color of His face changed.

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Then he grabbed the curtain and tore it.

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A prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Verily, among the most severely punished on the Day of Resurrection are those who make such images should say such images. Because graven images means

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I believe images that are engraved right? You can see that it also applied to pictures, right? We talked about that, I think last time.

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And we said that there's an exception made for children's toys, children's books, and those kinds of things. You know, there's a bit of leniency there.

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But as children get older, and they become adults, you want to move them away from making portraits for example, or images of people or sculptures of people and living things. And to you know, if they're artistically inclined, etc, for them to do things that are natural, that are not things with a soul in them right.

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Here the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is reported to have said, the angels do not enter our house in which there is a dog,

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not an image, in the likeness

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of will tell her who narrated this said, the prophet means by likeness and image of living souls, something with a living soul, so animals and humans.

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There is actually a discussion amongst scholars about plants as well. But, you know, the majority seem to believe it's fine, you know.

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And that's why you know, Pamela, the wonderful thing is, that the fact that Muslims never had a culture of images, right, of living things, didn't stop them from having the most

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amazing architecture, from having the most exquisite art did it I mean, go to Istanbul, go to

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all over Arabia,

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you in Malaysia Subhanallah you see beautiful artwork, beautiful walls, a beautiful masajid human beings are amazing, you know Allah subhana, Allah made us so full of ingenuity. When Allah subhana, Allah forbid something,

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it doesn't cause us harm. You know, just remember that, that anything that Allah forbids, there's something evil in it for us some harm that it would cause us. And anything that Allah commands, there's something good in it for us whether we can see it or not.

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So you see how creative Muslims became.

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Because we are a civilization that loves beauty, we love art. And so we developed calligraphy of all different types we developed geometric Islamic patterns and art, you know, go all the way to the loose and you'll see, you know, words, beautiful words carved into walls. So Pamela, you know, last part of the Allah gave us a beautiful ability and beautiful civilization.

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Even without all this imagery, all this idolatry and you know, stuff and look how it all crept in, didn't it to Christianity?

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Right? How is it that the God of the Old Testament, the God of the Torah, makes his first commandment, not to worship any gods, apart from Allah, right?

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is the first commandment is that?

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Right? And one of the 10 commandments is not to make a graven image.

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Subhanallah how is it that Allah or the God of the Torah,

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prohibited that.

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And then, that Christians, for example, imagine that the God of the Bible or the New Testament,

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would declare that he has a son would want them to have images of that son would have want them to have images of her mother of his mother, and all these saints,

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and to make images of God even right.

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Doesn't make any sense at all.

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So anyone who just reflect on it just for a moment, we'll know that a loss kind of dial from the Torah, from before the Torah, but even in the Torah, even in the message of a Saturday salon, he was consistent. And he never allowed the worship of idols. And he always insisted on the destroy the destroying of idols.

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Right and graven images.

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That's something that we have in common with,

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with the Jews, right?

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And by the way, when the angels don't enter, what does that mean? Wherever there is angels, there is Sakina. Right? Wherever there is angels there Sakina.

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So this is not talking about, for example, the angels that write down our deeds, and things like that. This is, you know, the end when we want angels to be in our homes.

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When we recite for and when we make sure our homes smell nice. When we are people of Taqwa and we pray, and all of that, then angels want to be in our home. You know, when we sit down, we recite. Angels want to be in that in our company. And that brings us Akina to the house.

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We don't want our houses to be bereft of angels. And look how Rasulullah sallallahu sallam was very careful about that.

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So major sin number 49

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is slapping, wailing, tearing garments. Like they've they've added loads of examples, right?

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That would come under this category, shaving the head, pulling out, shaving the head in order to lament right, pulling out here and lamenting loudly in a time of affliction.

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Right. So here's the culture at the time of the Prophet SAW Salem or before, enjoy Helia the culture was that they were actually

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a person would be proud and would hire people to cry and wail over them when they died.

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Right. So that was seen as something to be proud of that, you know, you have these these, especially women who would wear black, they would kind of black in their faces with something I don't know, using what.

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And they would disheveled their hair and, you know, like, and they would wail and hid themselves and do all kinds of weird things, right? In order to show how distraught they are, it's like, it was like acting basically, it's not even real, right? It basically hired to view that

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in order to show how important this person was, who died, and how much of a tragedy is, right.

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But also, generally speaking, in some cultures, when when people want to show, you know, when they can't handle some calamity that has befallen them, they'll go to extremes, you know, slapping themselves wailing, you know, why me those kinds of statements? tearing your garments acting like, you know, basically, there's no, I've got nothing to live for anymore.

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shaving your head, it must have been a symbol of kind of trying to show that you don't care about Boonie anymore, you see?

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Pulling out hair. Isn't that interesting, actually, because even today, I've noticed that certain women, especially when they want to kind of show that they're completely against society, or the kind of rejected society but done with it. In Western culture, I mean, they'll shave their heads. I just think of some of the famous people who've done that over the years like Sinead O'Connor

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and other singers, right.

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And also recently, the lady who was one of the key ladies in the me to movement,

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I've gotten a name

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she as well, you know, she shaved her head. And she said that she did that deliberately, as a sign of basically saying, while she saw, right, she's busy saying, Get lost, too.

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The society that had always told her that her hair was like, All that mattered about her. Her hair was her beauty. And that if she didn't have long hair, she was told when she came to Hollywood, she didn't have long hair. And nobody would want her in a movie. Right? And so it was almost like a symbol of I'm not part of this anymore, that she kind of shaved it. I just thought that was interesting that, you know, there's something about that, that people use the hair as like a symbol of statement, a statement, you know,

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pulling out here, lamenting loudly, all of these kinds of things, saying certain types of statements, you know, that I'm not becoming of a believer.

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In times of affliction or all major sense. You have to be very careful. In fact, there's even Hadith in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is reported to have said, the deceased is tortured in his grave for the wailing done over him. Okay. Now, some of the scholars explained this in different ways. They say, well, some scholars said, Well, you know, why should the deceased be tortured by the actions of somebody else? Well, some said, Well, it just means that

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while they are wailing, and doing all this kind of Gioia stuff, right?

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They think that they're doing something good for that person. But actually, they're causing them pain. They're causing them to feel upset, right. And some scholars said, that if if that person who died, told his family to wail and lament over him or her, then that person will be tortured in their grave for their wailing over him or her.

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Or they said if that person didn't want his family, and say to them, you know, he didn't give them tarbiyah and teach them that don't do that. Don't do that. Then when they wail

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over him, then you know, this will cause that person pain in the graves panela.

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So that's why it's very important when you go to some kind of for that Zia, right. When you visit somebody for condolences,

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and you see if you see any kind of child type activity, right? Very gently but firmly enjoying the good of

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do you say to the person, look, if you want your say to the bereaved person, if you want the deceased to have a peaceful time,

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you need to not make these types of statements you need to wail. It's not to stop them from crying by the way. Yeah. So don't misunderstand this. wailing and crying are two different things.

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Okay, crying is allowed. Crying is allowed. weeping, crying, you know.

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There's nothing wrong with that.

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It's natural. But what is not allowed is the words that come along with that, or the exaggeration that comes along with it. Right? An exaggerated wailing, a noise that you make, or, you know, you're banging your head against something, or? I don't know, and hamdulillah I've never really seen people do that, you know?

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Maybe I'll handle I've only been exposed to pretty knowledgeable and practicing people.

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But you can imagine, right? You do see it. Sometimes, you know,

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when maybe on television, sometimes when you see Muslims lamenting over some calamity or tragedy.

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Yeah, and so no matter what, as a Muslim, you don't lose your composure like that.

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That's what the point that we're trying to make here is right.

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A prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is also reported to have said, here who slaps his cheeks tears his clothes and follows the ways and the traditions of the days of ignorance is not one of us.

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So again, these are the things that people do, right? Another Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is reported to have said, four traits in my nation are among the affairs of ignorance that they have not abandoned.

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That they have not abandoned.

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Boasting over status.

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Right?

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How many of us see that all the time? Right?

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disparaging others over lineage? Oh, you know, he's from a better family. She's not. They're from that city. They're from that city. i We looked down on them.

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He's not as educated as us. You know, all of that.

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Seeking rain by the stars, and wailing over the debt. Wailing over the debt. So yeah, Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam called it one of the traits of Jackie Leah, boasting overstated disparaging over lineage could also be seen as a type of racism as well, right? Racism, tribalism, even classism, right?

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Narrated or mafia. So one of the female companions, she says that, at the time of giving the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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One of the conditions that he specifically asked, especially from the women, was that they would not wail

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when somebody died, right? So you can see that it was part of their culture. It's almost like girls were brought up, trained to do it. Right. So Subhan, Allah Rasulullah sallallahu sallam was trying to remove this from that culture, you know?

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And he made the women pledge allegiance that they would not whale anymore. But look at this beautiful Hadith.

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And it's been Malik reports. We entered the house of Abu safe, along with the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Right? And so I will say he was the husband of the Prophet sallallahu salaams. Baby, his son Ibrahim

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is witness. Right? So in those times, you know, people usually had a witness another lady who would Breastfeed the child. And so that woman becomes like a foster mother to the child, right. And her husband is like a foster father. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to the house of that foster family who were breastfeeding, his son. And the Prophet took hold of Ibrahim kissed him and smelled him.

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Then we entered after that, as Ibrahim was breathing, his last breaths. So he was ill, Ibrahim was ill. And the Prophet sallallahu wasallam had been told. He's really ill. So he came. And so he came and saw him, kissed him, left and then came back again after a while, you know, and now by now Ibrahim, the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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His own Son

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was breathing his last breaths and it made the eyes of the Prophet shed tears. So when the Rakhine been off one of the Sahaba Abdul Rahman been out when he saw Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam shedding tears

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he said even you are messenger of Allah. So he's kind of indicating that is this really becoming like is it right to be able to cry like because some of the Sahaba seem to think maybe even crying is not allowed, right. And so, here sort of allah sallallahu Sallam clarified he said, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, Oh, even of this is mercy, this is Rama.

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Then the Prophet wept some more.

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And he said, Verily, the eyes shed tears, and the heart is grieved. But we will not say anything except what is pleasing to our Lord.

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We are saddened by your departure O'Brien

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touching,

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can see it was a lot less and, um, was

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a human, you know, he experienced grief.

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So many of his children passed away before him, right.

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All of his sons

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and even some of his daughters. And so there are two types of crying, you know, when somebody passes away, one is natural crying, and even when when there's a calamity, right? There's a natural crying, which we need to do, you know, shouldn't suppress that. Why should we suppress that Allah has made us release tension and stress, through crying, you know, there is a natural sense of release when you cry.

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But then there's this kind of contrived, like I said, kind of acting type crime, or a very exaggerated crime, which is wailing, lamenting, you know, oh, woe is me. Why did this have to happen?

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Those kinds of statements, you know, when certain statements and look sort of law said, he said, the eyes shed tears, that's fine. The heart is grieved. You feel pain. So it's okay, you are going to feel pain. And it's okay to feel pain, you don't have to pretend that there's no pain.

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But look at here, this is the difference. But we will not say anything except what is pleasing to her Nope. Or I should say a lot of Muslims fall fall over and that one, right? Typically, when you go to somewhere where somebody has died, or if somebody dies in your family and people come, you will hear certain really hurtful statements being said, or unhelpful statements, right? Like, I remember in one gathering, lady was saying, they were saying, yeah, that person was so young, they've been snatched away. And this was not even the family, right. And this was somebody who had come, who was a friend of the person who had passed away, and the way that that person was going on,

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and on and on.

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It was not helpful to anyone, it was a type of lamenting, because they were saying, you know, if only this, finally they hadn't done this, if only they, you know, and that kind of stuff is not helpful at all. It's a type of lamenting, I have to be careful with that. And obviously, if it's someone elderly, who's saying that type of stuff, you want to try and direct their attention and their way of being elsewhere, you know, you don't want to be too harsh with people. Unless they're going over their limits, you know, you might have to put strict boundaries. But if they just kind of straying into that territory, you want to start bringing things back, saying no, no, this was

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written, this was written.

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Right? So there's no point saying if only this, if only that, right.

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And so we learned from these statements that the dead, they feel pain in their grave,

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due to the whaling

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and some of the scholars said, It's only if they approved of that, you know, or if they didn't say anything to their family not to do that. didn't teach them for example, yeah.

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Or if they actively told them to well,

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so how should we react to them we'll see but what is the proper way and masiva means anything that befalls you right, any calamity that befalls you. Inshallah, after this session, I will look at the chat and the questions. I think there might be some questions. How should we react to and we'll see, but you could you tell me, whether it's somebody who dies

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or any calamity you know, because life is

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If you live long enough, you know, we don't believe like the Christians do that life is suffering. You know that the entirety of life is suffering. We wouldn't characterize it like that we would say, life is a test. Right? Allah says, He created death and life. Leah Balu ACOEM to test you, or you can pass and Lamelo which of you is best indeed. And Allah says, One mahalo oxygen novel insight Lolly abdomen, I create I did not create or I only created humans and jinn

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to worship me. That's the purpose of our lives.

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But we know that test means there's going to be hardships, right? While on the vulnerable one accomplish a mineral Hovey. Well, Joy. Allah says we're going to test you with something of fear and hunger.

00:30:59--> 00:31:26

Hopefully we'll do it. We're not Seminole and Walley world unfussy we're family lots, and lots of lives. And lots of fruits, loss of wealth and fruit of your efforts, or Bashir is Siberian or law says give glad tidings to those who are steadfast and levena either Asaba Tomasi, but on all those who when a calamity befalls them, when a will Seba

00:31:27--> 00:31:33

befalls them. They say in early last year, he were in LA urology on

00:31:35--> 00:31:48

indeed to Allah we belong and Him we will return to panela. So, you know, like we usually say that statement when somebody dies, but actually, it's not just meant for that. Just for any more Seba.

00:31:49--> 00:32:17

Anytime, you know, you have a loss. You had some bad news, say in Nadler he wouldn't? Because, and really it does give you strength because it just reminds you because for a moment, isn't it when you have a calamity, when you have some terrible news, for a moment, you become so immersed in this dunya you're so immersed in the pain or the difficulty that you have just heard about all you can't believe has just happened or whatever, they you need that voice that says to you,

00:32:18--> 00:32:19

this life isn't everything.

00:32:21--> 00:32:23

You know, we belong to Allah.

00:32:24--> 00:32:25

And we're all going to return to him anyway.

00:32:26--> 00:32:27

Right.

00:32:29--> 00:32:36

And that should give a believer, a lot of hope should give us strength in that very difficult time when it's really hard.

00:32:37--> 00:32:44

Really hard to be able to, to see a way forward or to see a light at the end of that tunnel, right.

00:32:45--> 00:33:15

So the correct way to react is to say something like that to say a statement, when he or Allah tells us exactly what to say in early law, he won't either you're on your own, and before that Allah says, of stain or the Sabri masala, that, seek help from Allah, through sober steadfastness, and so on. And prayer, and steadfastness is not just a passive thing. You know, sometimes we think of sober as a passive thing

00:33:16--> 00:33:38

is patience. Patience is one of the translations but steadfastness better because steadfastness is about holding on. You're holding on to Allah, the rope of Allah, you're holding on to being a believer, you're holding on to obeying Allah, and staying away from his prohibitions, when you're probably feeling weak.

00:33:40--> 00:33:44

You could let go. And that's what subbers sobre is that you're holding on.

00:33:45--> 00:34:04

And I think that's new, that's a different way to look at it. For a lot of people. You know, it's active, cyber is active, because it means what you are doing, you're carrying on doing it. That obedience to Allah that you had before you're continuing even though you've been struck by this difficult thing.

00:34:05--> 00:34:24

And the things that you're staying away from the Haram that you're staying away from, you continue staying away from it, continue obeying Allah, continue worshiping Allah, despite the pain. So that's how a believer response, right? And so also that is here, which is like giving condolences to

00:34:26--> 00:34:28

you know, the bereaved family.

00:34:30--> 00:34:41

It's okay to do that. Some of the scholars said, you should try to do it within three days. You know, not not elongate the whole grieving process.

00:34:42--> 00:34:50

But it's okay you know, if you if you didn't get a chance to meet them if you're in another city, etc. It's fine to go any time doesn't have to be in three days.

00:34:52--> 00:34:54

And it's really about visiting them

00:34:56--> 00:34:59

seeing if they need anything, right. So what

00:35:00--> 00:35:16

What the scholars spoke against was people going to somebody's house and then expecting them to serve food and, you know, basically becoming like guests in their house, right? Making it an occasion for food and stuff like that, we should avoid that, you know,

00:35:17--> 00:35:24

if anything, we should be providing them with food, and anything that they need. And I think a lot of people do that anyway, naturally, right?

00:35:26--> 00:35:32

You're, when you go to somebody's house who's been bereaved, you see their kitchen is basically full, right? Because people have just been bringing them things, but

00:35:34--> 00:35:43

that's good, we should do that. You know. And even though the bereaved family might not realize the value of that, right now,

00:35:45--> 00:35:51

you know, just from my own experience, when members of our family passed away in the past,

00:35:52--> 00:36:04

it's always really helpful. You know, because once everyone leaves, once everything is quiet, and you're you're dealing with the difficulty, or the grief or so many things to sort out when somebody passes away, right?

00:36:05--> 00:36:13

It's really helpful that somebody bought food, you don't have to worry about that for your family or for you know, so

00:36:15--> 00:36:22

you know, making sure that their needs are met and stuff like that. We shouldn't burden them or expect food from them.

00:36:24--> 00:36:29

We should, when we go there, we should make bar for them, for the deceased.

00:36:30--> 00:36:39

And encourage the family to be steadfast say the types of statements that are going to make them feel strong. Don't say the types of things that are going to make them feel weak.

00:36:40--> 00:36:48

Right, and let them speak. Let them express themselves. You know, sometimes I've seen sisters will go to

00:36:49--> 00:36:57

that Zia, easier for somebody whose house and then they're sitting there chatting away about themselves and their what's going on in their lives, right.

00:36:58--> 00:37:00

When there's a person sitting there who's in pain,

00:37:01--> 00:37:39

it's a time to be quiet and just listen to them. Allow them to speak. It's not about your stories, unless, you know, they, they want to hear them. You know, we just have to become a little bit self aware, you know, in those situations. Yeah, not to spend too much time there. I would say as well. Obviously, you can leave, you can see how that person is feeling. But generally speaking, even if it's half an hour or less, you know, don't make it like a burdensome thing, that you're there for hours and hours. Spend your time there, say your words, say the positive things, make the dollars, listen to them.

00:37:40--> 00:37:42

And then go, you know, don't don't make her

00:37:43--> 00:38:02

a long thing. And this is really something quite powerful that I found that Imam of there had be quotes in his other book CRR Lamin novella, which is like a multi volume book, about the biographies of the great people, local people of the past. Yeah.

00:38:03--> 00:38:15

of every kind of generation. He says, uh, shall be reported. So the scholars shall be reported. That should a, I believe he has rd of Kufa. Yeah,

00:38:17--> 00:38:20

Tabby, so these are from the seller.

00:38:21--> 00:38:54

May Allah have mercy on him said, Verily, if I am afflicted by a calamity, then I praise Allah for times. You know, sometimes you might be afflicted by something or somebody else might be afflicted by something you think, how come they're taking it so well, like they can. There's nothing good about this thing, right? Well, look how this scholar highlighted to us that when he is afflicted by calamity, he praises Allah four times for four things. I praise him that it was not worse than it was

00:38:56--> 00:39:01

Subhan Allah, just think about that. Whatever you're facing, it could have been worse.

00:39:02--> 00:39:04

That's actually true, isn't it?

00:39:05--> 00:39:23

Whatever you're facing, it could have been worse. The second thing he praises Allah for I praise him, as he provides me with patients to bear. And so yes, allow gave a difficult situation. But he also provided me with the ability to deal with it.

00:39:24--> 00:39:25

So Panama,

00:39:26--> 00:39:30

because you could have been a person who couldn't deal with it.

00:39:31--> 00:39:32

But Allah made you a person who could.

00:39:34--> 00:39:40

A third, I praise Him as He guides me to recall my hope for reward.

00:39:41--> 00:39:48

Now, the fact that I've got it in my head, I have the knowledge that, you know, this difficulty, if I'm patient, I'm going to get reward for it.

00:39:50--> 00:39:58

Yeah, and I hope for reward. The fact that I even have that in me, is something from Allah, because there are people who don't have that.

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

And fourth, I praise him as he did not make it a calamity in my religion.

00:40:07--> 00:40:15

So pilot that that one is the most powerful, but I praise him as he did not make it a calamity, my religion the only

00:40:16--> 00:40:28

they are considering the worst thing to not be a physical calamity or financial calamity or, you know, death or something like this. But

00:40:29--> 00:40:35

that person has fitna and issues and something that's affecting their Deen.

00:40:37--> 00:40:42

And if it's not that he would thank Allah for that Subhan Allah.

00:40:43--> 00:40:44

May Allah protect us from

00:40:45--> 00:40:52

tests and may protect us from especially tests in our religion? So I'm just going to look at the chat now.

00:40:54--> 00:40:55

Okay, we're talking about the Sphinx.

00:40:56--> 00:41:00

Yeah, I have no idea. But I just remember when we went there, somebody said

00:41:02--> 00:41:09

somebody said like one of the Sahaba was that there's no proof of that. But they said, you know, we are and the Muslims came the

00:41:11--> 00:41:33

Arabian historian Alma VZ. Sisters writing, Arabian external rock, as you're writing in the 15th century, attributes the loss of the nose, or the Sphinx to hammer sat in the Sufi Muslim from the hardcore of somebody, somebody. In 1378,

00:41:34--> 00:41:42

we found the local peasants making offerings to the Sphinx, in the hope of increasing the harvest, and therefore defaced the Sphinx in an act.

00:41:43--> 00:41:46

Okay, so it's not really clearly known. Exactly. But

00:41:48--> 00:42:04

one of the sisters is saying that, in the Ivory Coast, in West Africa, there's still a non Muslim culture of doing the whaling, you know, hire professional crier to lament for the deceased. And they shave the hair for two for men and women.

00:42:07--> 00:42:10

Somebody's saying sounds like how people dress for Halloween.

00:42:11--> 00:42:15

In some traditions, people are hired to wail for the dead. Yes, exactly.

00:42:18--> 00:42:23

Make lots of the laugh of the dead end for their loved ones. Yeah, that's how we should respond.

00:42:25--> 00:42:35

Make lots of Bibles or say words of encouragement. That's the point. Yeah. Say words of encouragement to, because that's what the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to do, right? You say My Allah replace

00:42:37--> 00:42:42

your loss with something better. That's what you need around us and that people are going to give you hope.

00:42:43--> 00:43:03

When you're feeling very low, and remind you of the purpose of life, right, I think that's what we need in every test that we have. Anytime you face a test, try to be in touch with sisters who you know, or people who you know are going to remind you about Allah, who are going to make you closer.

00:43:04--> 00:43:18

Because there Allah will send people your way if you look for them, who will say the right thing that you need for that time. You know, people have Taqwa. Okay, so may just send number 50. Will do this.

00:43:19--> 00:43:23

think we've got time for this. I love the World Bank of your

00:43:24--> 00:43:25

rebellion,

00:43:27--> 00:43:31

or political transgression. Okay, I've kind of explained that.

00:43:32--> 00:43:35

You could just say transgression or rebellion, okay.

00:43:36--> 00:43:46

And it's kind of explained in different ways. So Imam of the hubby explained it in quite a basic way. But when I looked at, you know, what other scholars have said,

00:43:47--> 00:43:55

like even Tamia, himolla example. There's more of an explanation. So we'll mention all have it.

00:43:56--> 00:43:57

In the Quran.

00:43:58--> 00:44:18

Allah Subhana Allah says in the masa de La La La Vina, Yodlee moon and NASA whatever who wanna fill up, we have a wound I feel all the belated help all eCola whom other body that blame is only against those who oppress men oppress people. And

00:44:20--> 00:44:26

this word Yama, Horner, this is where buddy comes from right in here translated as

00:44:27--> 00:44:32

and they insolently transgress beyond the bounds through the land, okay.

00:44:33--> 00:44:36

Without right without having the right

00:44:37--> 00:44:44

defying right and justice for such there will be a penalty a grievous, grievous Penalty, right.

00:44:45--> 00:44:54

So my mother had been mainly mentioned the story of Qarun and he says, an example of somebody who did budgie is caught on now korone was

00:44:55--> 00:44:59

was a believer, initially, right? He was from the people of Bonita

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

values from the people of Musa salah, I believe,

00:45:04--> 00:45:09

as Allah says in the Quran that Harun was one of mooses people.

00:45:11--> 00:45:22

He was from his home, but he built up for bhava la him right he transgress the bounds against them and he oppressed them

00:45:24--> 00:45:35

this word badly. So and then he said we had given him such treasures that even their keys would have weighed down a whole group of strong men.

00:45:36--> 00:46:07

His people said to him Do not gloat for Allah does not like people who gloat. So I believe that our own was. So in other words, he should have known better, right? He was a person from the home of Morsani Salaam. But Allah gave him a lot of wealth. And he was, some scholars say he used to work for Pharaoh. He started working for Pharaoh. And so he started doing Pharaohs bidding, and oppressing when he decided, right.

00:46:08--> 00:46:23

And other scholars said, he used his wealth to spread mischief. And so this idea of spreading mischief on the earth and rebelling against the person who should be the rightful ruler, who in this case was more Sally cilantro

00:46:25--> 00:46:41

and spreading mischief on Earth using your wealth to spread mischief on Earth. This is an aspect of Nagi right? They said he, for example, he paid a prostitute to accuse more subtly salaam of a crime.

00:46:42--> 00:46:53

And so he In other words, a false accusation, causing corruption, causing harm going beyond the bounds, all of these things, you know.

00:46:55--> 00:47:10

Other scholars said it was also mainly because he disbelieved in Allah. And he after being a believer, he committed Cofer, and he went against the prophet. He did the work of Pharaoh the transgression of Pharaoh, he, he helped Pharaoh.

00:47:13--> 00:47:17

So this is the general description that's in Kitab al CarBuyer. But

00:47:18--> 00:47:24

when you look a bit deeper, but he usually when the scholars talk about value, they mean

00:47:25--> 00:47:30

there are three there are three elements that make bogey

00:47:31--> 00:47:32

muddy, right?

00:47:33--> 00:47:37

Because otherwise, you could say, well, what makes what's the difference between I don't know.

00:47:38--> 00:47:40

highway robbery, yeah, here robber.

00:47:41--> 00:47:48

The differences here are but you know, we said highway robbery or terrorism, sometimes the scholars say includes terrorism.

00:47:50--> 00:47:53

That is when people cause harm

00:47:54--> 00:48:00

to ordinary people. Right? Bobby is more to do with

00:48:03--> 00:48:05

rebelling against the legitimate ruler

00:48:07--> 00:48:09

without a reason about a legitimate reason. Okay.

00:48:11--> 00:48:14

So it's not the ordinary people, it's more to do with the,

00:48:15--> 00:48:16

the ruler the state.

00:48:17--> 00:48:20

They said buddy is organized rebellion

00:48:22--> 00:48:24

against the legitimate ruler

00:48:26--> 00:48:29

based on an ideological reason.

00:48:30--> 00:48:33

Okay, and that must have those three elements for it to be bullying.

00:48:34--> 00:48:39

And of course, this came from two examples that we can give one is

00:48:40--> 00:48:43

the people who rebelled and

00:48:45--> 00:49:04

when against a man and a son up sorry, man, rob the alarm? Yeah, off man, the Khalifa of man, while the Allahu and all the people who went against him. There was a group of people, the Muslims, they rebelled. And they accused him of things and you know,

00:49:05--> 00:49:19

and they had no, right. They besieged his home. You know, they had a whole campaign against him, they besieged his home. They eventually broke into his home and they assassinated him.

00:49:20--> 00:49:27

If you want to know more about that, you need to go and look up. You know, the killing of off man on the line who

00:49:28--> 00:49:33

chef Yasaka yonder has a whole series where he goes through in a lot of detail.

00:49:34--> 00:49:34

But

00:49:35--> 00:50:00

that was what the earliest I believe, example of Billy, right before that, if you think about what happened at the time a worker at the time of a worker sedate the people who refuse to pay soccer, right. They will consider to be to have left the fold of Islam. Right. So they weren't treated.

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

As Muslims

00:50:03--> 00:50:18

with these people who came and they assassinated of man, or the Alon Hall, they were bought bought is the poor, right? So they were people who are committing buggy.

00:50:19--> 00:50:34

And that's because they had these three aspects. And the same with the Hawaii Ridge, the Hawaii Ridge was the group that rebelled against Ali or the landlord, right. And then eventually,

00:50:35--> 00:50:36

you know, led test killing

00:50:38--> 00:50:44

the Hawala it also had these characteristics. And so the three characteristics that make

00:50:46--> 00:50:47

people of buddy

00:50:49--> 00:50:55

are number one who Rouge which is rebelling against the legitimate leader

00:50:56--> 00:50:58

without a legitimate reason.

00:50:59--> 00:50:59

Okay.

00:51:01--> 00:51:20

If the A now, not by itself, it has to have the other two things as well, right? So, if, of course, if the ruler is cruel and oppressive, then some kind of rebellion or speaking up, for example,

00:51:21--> 00:51:52

protest, for example, it could be considered a type of armor below my roof. Nyan monka. Right. But we're talking about these three things have to be kind of together, right? For that, for this to be bugging. First is who Rouge rebelling against a legitimate leader of the Muslims without a legitimate reason. The second is that we'll okay that they have some kind of deviant ideology

00:51:53--> 00:51:58

that is rejected by the mainstream Muslims. Okay.

00:51:59--> 00:52:02

So the whole idea like that, yeah, they had a deviant ideology

00:52:04--> 00:52:06

that the mainstream was censored, rejected.

00:52:07--> 00:52:08

And

00:52:09--> 00:52:14

she'll go they have to have power. I think she should have written

00:52:16--> 00:52:45

military might or they have some kind of power, you know, like some kind of organized rebellion. Right? We've so Shoka literally means something that you can you know, fight with, right? Like, it can mean a fork in you know, in your eating with the sugar, but what it means is they have to have some kind of ability to military might. Yeah, military ability and organized military kotite ability.

00:52:48--> 00:52:55

Yeah. And so the, the two prime examples that are given are the killing of Earth man and Ali of the law and Homer.

00:52:57--> 00:53:03

They were both assassinated by bohart. People who were committing body, major sin.

00:53:05--> 00:53:14

Okay. Now, even if you have a legitimate leader, okay, meaning he was put into power in the legitimate way.

00:53:15--> 00:53:18

Or he's accepted by the Muslims as the leader.

00:53:20--> 00:53:21

And

00:53:22--> 00:53:42

that person is doing negative things, right. I'm going to be out off, enjoying the good forbidding the evil. And dour must always continue. That always continues, regardless. Right. However, fitna,

00:53:43--> 00:53:53

bloodshed, chaos. That's what is to be prevented. You know, and unfortunately, that's what you see, isn't it? That's what you see.

00:53:54--> 00:53:57

Whenever there is a void of leadership.

00:54:00--> 00:54:03

Definitely, we can see that this happens a lot.

00:54:05--> 00:54:14

There's even more fitna even more bloodshed, and even more chaos. Right. And obviously, that's a huge subject, right? So we can't

00:54:15--> 00:54:32

I'm not going to be specific. I'm going to go into it in a lot of detail, but this is what those categorizations that I just mentioned, were from Yvan Tamia. I'm on that. And there's an entire paper on it, which you can have a look at online. I think if you look up

00:54:34--> 00:54:41

be a ghY even Damia. On JSTOR. JSTOR is like a repository of

00:54:43--> 00:54:55

journal articles. There's a very good paper written by somebody in the Arab law quarterly, explains the classical understanding of Barbie.

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

So in shall I'm going to stop there. Does that come along?

00:55:00--> 00:55:12

There's no other comments or anything. Thank you for joining me this week, and inshallah we're coming towards the end, we've reached major sin 50. So got 20 More

00:55:14--> 00:55:23

Charleville we'll get through them. Next week is going to be being overbearing towards women. That's a good one. Yeah, we like that one.

00:55:24--> 00:55:33

Because being overbearing towards women is a major sin. We're not just women, but a number of categories of people.

00:55:35--> 00:55:35

And

00:55:36--> 00:55:44

being harmful to the neighbor. That's going to be one of them as well. So I'll see you next week in sha Allah is our common love heron.

00:55:46--> 00:55:56

Subhanak Allahu Morbihan. Big shadow Allah Illa illa Anta esta Furukawa to be like Salaam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh