Uloom Al-Hadeeth – 08
Channel: Bilal Philips
Series: Bilal Philips - Uloom Al-Hadeeth
File Size: 28.20MB
Shaykh Bilal Philips, Uloom Al-Hadeeth recording on 12-05-2001, Episode 08
He was having so many stunning
offers new to a lot
of men and last prophet Muhammad. Some of them and and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.
this session shala
what we'll be looking at is textual harmonization. That is we have a number of different statements coming from Prophet Mohammed Salah through a number of different sources, we looked at the issues of authentication.
Now, if we have confirmed we have texts were had Heidi's appear to contradict each other.
And what do we do in those circumstances? If we're determined first thing we should determine that in fact, we're dealing with authentic texts.
Because if we have one which is authentic and one which is not authentic, then it's not the issue of contradiction here you just get rid of the one which is non authentic.
So, the one authentic conditions really.
the first step of course, is to verify that we are contradicting our needs are brought to us is to verify that they are both authentic. There is a scholar by the name of how he wrote a book called bushkill alpha
or the problematic narrations
and this is what he did, he gathered all of the holidays, which were apparently contradicting each other and gave explanations as to why etc, etc,
clarifying what was the case where it was a case of a week holidays or it was a case of you know, general and specific or whatever he clarified or harmonized the
the basic principle
to be followed
we try to
unify the texts that is that we tried to work with both texts, rather than to cancel one and only work with the other. As a basic principle, the first step should be what is called gemak.
Bringing the two Tech's together,
meaning to find a way of applying both without canceling one or the other.
do the process once we combine the text,
the methods when we're dealing with combination or combining text, the main method is to identify which text is a general text, and which text is a specific text.
Meaning one text makes a general ruling, and the other one speaks about a specific circumstance.
Once you're able to identify this, if you're able to identify this, then you're able to work with both texts at the same time.
For example, Prophet Muhammad wa sallam had forbade the
for a third for anybody to make prayers, after salata and fudger, until sunrise, and after Salatu Nasir until sunset,
At the same time, he also said he that de la Docomo massagin. If any of you goes into a mask, collide, this hat is a lira I think he should not sit down until he has prayed to you it's a breath.
So now, what do we do in a circumstance like this one it says you go into mass which means anytime you go into mass then
You should pray before you sit down.
And had either buzzer Sam said no prayers after
hydrogen sunrise after sunset.
How do we harmonize these two? Well,
of course, there were two approaches.
Some scholars said
the Hadees of praying to units before sitting is the general idea
as a general statement,
and the ad which said
you don't pray after fudger until sunrise and after, after until sunset, this is the specific ad, meaning whenever you went to the masjid you pray to before sitting unless
it is after fudging until sunrise or after answer until sunset.
So is one approach? Other scholars said no,
it is the opposite.
The general idea is you don't pray after
sunrise and sunset.
you have just entered a Masjid. If you have just entered the master, this is a specific circumstance. If you just enter the masjid, whenever you just enter Master, then you will break even at this time.
Now the question is, which one was the general? And which one? Was this specific?
How do you resolve it?
it is possible to look at these IDs in both these ways.
Internet's out and fishing for do in a lie what is only if you have a dispute or disagreement about something, as in this case, what do we do? We take it back to a law and its messenger. So we now go back to the grind and listen to find out what is the solution for this.
we find Ayesha
reporting, that on one occasion, after our sir Prophet Moses, Allah prayed to Raka she asked him what it is.
And he said, these were the two saunas for the war, which was to be done after the war. However, a delegation came to see me and we got busy, I was not able to make the two so I'm making them now.
So we see that a, if you have missed a prayer, you can do it at that time, meaning that this is a prayer which has been specified
by the composer Brianna still recommended, but it has a specific instruction regarding it has been recommended. Such a prayer can be done there.
Furthermore, there is an authentic narration that after fudging a man got up to break the law, Selim asked him, What are you doing? And he said, these were the two signals of origin which I missed
any that important.
So again, confirmation that where there was a specific purpose or specific instruction with regards to those prayers, these prayers may be prayed even with before and after fudger. And after all,
this was the confirmation to the support.
So the sudden and then goes and clarifies for us, you know, which one is the general and which one is the specific.
Now there is another way
in which prompts us animate forbidden prayer at the time of the rising of the sun.
And at the time of the setting of the sun, and when the sun is in the middle of the sky, or in the middle of its movement through the
These times now the Saba said from Salaam four Vedas, from prayer these times and even for Vedas from bear
why don't we come in
for prayer to the masjid. And it's the time of the rising or the setting of the sun or it's in the media.
What do we do?
We take this, again, to be a general statement, and we still apply to Russia.
we don't in this case, because the companions clarified that they were not even permitted to bury the dead at that time. I mean, this is a, this is a major prohibition, not like the other one, this was a major prohibition, that we should not.
Therefore, to begin a prayer at that time at the time of the setting, not permissible.
Furthermore, we have authentic narration from the problems as he said,
if you can catch a raga, before the rising,
in other words, you got up late, and you have enough time to be able to catch one unit of prayer before the rising, you can do so. Go ahead. That means that your second unit is being prayed when, while the sun is rising.
So he clarified that narration that you are not permitted to begin a prayer at that time.
But if you have already begun a prayer, and the rising takes place, or the setting takes place, then that doesn't affect your prayer.
whenever we're going to
analyze these, when they come together, we have to bring all of the different ideas on the topic, as they give us direction and clarification as to whether certain ideas are general trademarks are specific, you know how we can work with both parties together, because once we harmonize them in this way, between the general and the specific, it means we're going to apply both honeys,
one will take precedence over the other, and it's pretty particular point. But in general, you're still applying both hobbies, and this is the ideal situation.
Whenever we find a date, we should try to work it this way. Now, you may find that these were,
the Bible says lm is described
in prayer as doing more than one thing, sitting in more than one different way.
In these cases, where there is variation in the province of salams actions, lo he said prayers, you saw me pray.
If he prayed more than one different way, then you can also pray in more than one different way.
So we don't look at that as being contradiction.
Right? Or they call it
But instead, these are variational contradictions, where there are a variety of different things process and did and you may choose to do any one of them and then don't act against each other. When there are other contradictions where one says you can say you can't. And this is where we have this cannot exist at the same time One has to take precedence over the other.
The second issue that may arise
and that means
we can free up their assets. Yes, but there is no mystery here.
Know you, because that prayer has a reason there's an instruction to do it. So they call it as Salah that the Sabbath. You know, a prayer which has a cause, meaning what prayers are not allowed at those times are just prayers that just come from yourself. You feel like pray,
no special reason, no special instruction to pray, but you just feel what they call you know, just an a, a general involved in a voluntary prayer that you're doing from yourself which has not been prescribed recommended or anything you just come in from yourself likely to feel like praying embrace that prayer that
type of prayer is not permitted at that time. But where there is a cause, there is a specific instruction from the sun not to do this brothers rewarding it, etc, etc, then you can do it at those times. That is the time between the prayer and the rising, and the prayer and the setting, but not at the time of the rising at the time of dissenting laws. We're not allowed to do unless we are making up for example, if our prayer where we are able to catch at least one rock up before the rising begins,
then we are setting begins.
other approach for harmonizing the index
will be also
when we have a statement where we have what they call a deed, which is a Heidi's only where there's a statement of the problem was that seller, and I had these fairly, whether it's an action of the problems or sell them, he said one thing and it didn't something else.
And they seem to contradict each other.
What do we do under these circumstances?
How do we resolve the general principle
the scholars have agreed upon.
majority is that the statements of the province on seldom take precedence over his actions.
The statements the instructions take precedence over the actions, why?
Why not the other way
because of the fact that the action of the problems
may be something unique to himself
may be something unique to himself. For example, He forbade with all which is a 24 hour fast
result. But he himself did it.
But he did it.
But you can find narrations where he clarified, saying don't do it, because a law
Allah provided him sustenance, where other people would not find meaning he could fast continually like that for one week, two weeks, three weeks,
and allow would provide him with sustenance.
Whereas you and I, if we tried to do that would be dead after a week.
So in order to protect us from ourselves, he forbade us from fasting the 24 hour fast.
So, this is a case where his statement takes precedence over his actions.
I'll give another example to where the court said
and this is being related by him
that a man may marry two three or four women
of his choice, if he can be just that he should only marry one, but probably not as as alum was married to nine at a time.
that was something special for him. We know it was special, because those companions who accepted Islam in Medina,
who had more than four wives, he told them choose four and divorced the rest.
Choose four and divorced the rest.
this is something special for him. And there are a number of other things of this nature.
At the same time,
there could be between his
statement and his action
that improve a vision or a command was not meant to be taken
as a command, but as a recommendation, not as a prohibition. But again, as something better than done.
Where problems are seldom commanded certain things I need for better things.
a command may mean
compulsory, something compulsory, you must do it.
Or it may mean it's good for you to do it recommended
in the language,
in Arabic language in other languages, the basic understanding of a command is that it is in fact compulsory. That is the foundation for commands they are compulsory.
If we don't accept that, and if some people are, you know, the foundation for commands, that is something recommended.
If we don't go for that position,
then the society would fall apart. Meaning if the boss on the job tells you, the Secretary, write this letter, if you stop and think, does he mean I have to write it? Or is he just advising me to write, hey, the business is going to fall apart, the business is based on a chain of command where the authority instructs the one under to do something, it means you've got to do it.
That's what it means. If you don't take that as a general meaning that you have chaos. So this is why I say the basic
meaning of a command is that it must be done. The basic meaning of a prohibition is that it must not be done.
absolutely do not do it.
that command to do or not to do,
may also be used to indicate it's good for you to do or good for you not to do.
I mean, I can say
or your boss can say to you, it's good to eat an egg in the morning, before you come to work. gives you strength
he can say it in the phrase evening in the morning before you come to work. But is he really saying you must eat an egg every morning before I'm doing
as a recommendation
How did you know that he was recommending you enjoy to eat an egg
and he was ordering you when he told you to write the letter the circumstance
your home is your domain he can tell you what to do in your home right this is not the area of his authority he is no longer an authority there in your home in the job circumstance he is the authority.
So, it is a question because I command from people who are on the same level don't does not indicate must
just as a command from a person who has a lower authority to a higher authority a command is simply
give me some money.
This is another
compulsory instruction right this is employee right. So the depending on the position that the person is, this is what is going to determine whether the command is a play, whether it is a recommendation, or whether it is a clear instruction of compulsory nature.
So in the jobs circumstance, the boss is the boss is the hierarchy party commanding the Lord so they must follow in the home circumstance, your your boss hear you on your own, he has no right to tell you what you should do in your home. So he is now on the same level that he can only recommend. So the circumstances here
by those circles. I'm not saying you sit down and do all this reasoning that we're talking about here now. I mean, it's just common sense.
tells you that here is just a recommendation there was a command. Now, similarly, problem homosassa. He did command certain things. He did prohibit certain things. And he clarified that these things were, in fact, not compulsory
by his actions.
By his actions, he complied, he confirmed that they're not compulsory.
when he gave the prohibition,
do not drink or eat, standing disabled.
If you find yourself eating or drinking, standing vomited up.
of course, in these times,
and this time that has become the norm. You know, this is a Western etiquette that has come amongst us. Right? Where the idea of the fast food you're eating on the run, right? Up to the left and the right, you know, all of these things that Islamic advocate has been destroyed by these Western cultural practices. where time is money. I just don't want to save time. So eat on the run rather than sit down and complete your meal. No, you're going to be running, walking, whatever you're eating, drinking, no things going on.
Don't eat or drink standing.
If you find yourself doing so, then vomited up.
As pretty strong.
enhance the problem masasa stood up and drank. Zamzam standing. The suddenness enough for drinking Zamzam is to drink it standing.
Right. Now, someone's gonna say, well,
maybe it's just for Samsung
is the exception, just for Samsung. So the general rule is don't drink or eat anything standing except for exams
is a possible interpretation.
However, I even thought
he made wood in the courtyard, Damascus, when he finished making the window, he stood up he took the rest of the water and he drank it standing.
And he said, I hear that people have been prohibiting the drinking standing, saying it is haram.
However, it is not.
So when the action of the Sahaba because, again, we're going to say why might say well, that's Ali's opinion,
for Kalin, but that was his opinion.
The point is, where do we take our opinions from
our opinions better
than their opinions?
They are the ones who were there. When the revelation came? Do they not know the intent of that revelation better than we do?
Holly, in doing that clarified, that the intent behind that instruction was a strong recommendation not to do this thing
is strong recommendation. Better, you don't
strongly better and just better, but strongly better, you don't.
We also find
in which he
didn't use to urinate standing.
It was his practice to urinate to think and of course again, the Muslim world is tested by Western etiquettes are then brought is the violence stick on the wall and it will urinate standing into each other. their private parts are exposed to each other. All of this is forbidden
This is that culture.
Anyway, and Ayesha had said
that the problems are seldom never urinated standing.
And in fact, anybody who claims that he did is a liar.
one of the companions, who traveled with us,
and they went to a village,
went with him, outside of the village to the dump,
who traveled with the bombers.
And they went to a village
went with him, outside of the village to the dump, where the people down there refuse. And he stood up and urinated standing.
Watching you it was not permissible. Never
thought about that, whoever says is a liar.
she wasn't with him for the four hours a day. And as possible as another companion could have been with him, himself.
the next step
is one of 13 that was what I rubbed off the board
that is giving preference to one narration over the other, meaning you're going to cancel the functioning of one narration, because of the other, they can add to it both cannot exist together, you're not able to harmonize them. So you have to cancel one and say this one is no longer
we're gonna follow that.
We're gonna talk about now,
what is the basis under which we can say this,
we can say this, if we have a headache, sorry.
We have a headache happen. And we have a headache has a lead ad which is ready by which we elevated up to asset
and we find that the IDS which you have elevated up from five to has an ID contradicts a date, which is sorry, and the hubbies is given precedence over that guy.
And they put their heads in
order. The top hubbies is one recorded by both Bukhari and Muslim.
Second is one regarded by most mauriello. Third is one recorded by Muslim alone.
So this one is not recorded by all of the silent alpha
one, which are recorded by Germany. And after that they differ.
Amongst the soudan, which are the strongest determine is the strongest of the four credits, then I would I would
then say, an image is at the end. In fact, some scholars this evening, including the budget was added later, at daddy me a favorite imagine is a database for
a living imagine. So, where decks cannot be resolved in this way, then this is what we are obliged to resort to.
It is assumed that this step that we're taking, in fact, is a result of abrogation, really, this is the final method, which is a form of third year, where we are in fact finding that one honey has been abrogated by another
that it came first. And Sam said don't do something, then later on, he said, you can do it. So the second statement cancels out the first.
This is a process of abrogation
How do we know when abrogation is taking place?
First and foremost, we know it when the problem was, as Alan himself clarified it.
abrogation is taking place, for example, is a well known Hadith, in which he said, I use the forbidden you from visiting the grapes.
There it is in Mecca, Muslims are prohibited from visiting the grapes, then he said, but now you should visit them, because they are reminders of the hereafter.
So, he initially forbearance, then he later permitted it,
the seller had said,
Whoever eats Campbell's meat should make will,
wherever eats camels meat should make.
Some people said it was abrogated.
As it was abrogated. I wasn't there, and it is
But when they're asked to produce the evidence of an abrogation,
they can't find any.
Which indicates that
that if you eat anything which has been touched by fire, you need to make
Honey, are you saying said
if you eat anything which has been touched by fire, in other words been cooked.
If you eat any cooked food,
you need to make
So they said
and that had the,
we know was abrogated, because
if we have a statement from the Sahaba concerning and there's a statement from
WhatsApp, I'd said that the last of the instructions concerning foods such by fire is that it was permissible to eat without thinking.
So one of the ways we can know that aggregation is taking place is by the statement that was a hobby
statement of the zombie clarifies that abrogation has taken place. It was an initial instruction, later cancelled. So they said,
We know this is an abrogation command, that the one for the eating of the capitals, MIT, was when
eating things such by fire was prohibited. Got to make Voodoo. So that was when that instruction was given.
actually, it's not logical.
Because the problems are Solomon already said, anything Touch, touch by the fire if you read the chapter,
So it's not logical to claim that it was a part of that instruction.
having not found any evidence
to support it, then a story was fabricated.
Which you will hear some people teaching
as if it is true.
Prophet Moses Allah was sitting with his companions,
and one of them passed wind
and he had just eaten some camels.
And he didn't want to embarrass him by singling him out and say you go make will do. So I said, Whoever
is a fabrication.
There's no ID no statement
have started you know, by some scholars saying perhaps,
perhaps, there was somebody sitting there with a broken window and just finishing.
From perhaps it became
a story which was narrating along with me to justify and explain why it is okay to eat camels with animals.
But the fact of the matter is, there is no
evidence to indicate abrogation. Therefore, the correct position is that if your income was made, then you must be
the third method. As I said, the first method is a problem. So I said I'm informing us in himself that such a such a thing has been abrogated. The second method is where a Sahabi informs it, as in the case of things touched by fire, food by fire.
we can identify abrogation by time,
one instruction was given at an early time, and another instruction is given at a later time. So we know because there's a time gap, that the later one will abrogate the earlier one if they're contradictory. And we have that in the case of the hubby's.
In which bra Solomon said, the copper and the cup have broken their fast
copper and the cops are broken, they're fast. What is the copper?
Okay, cupping is a practice of bloodletting.
In some societies, they get leeches to do the job.
They get a leech, roll them big ones, and then they put it on you suck the blood and he gets full and he drops off. And then the job is done that way. It was the practice knowledge is around in Arabia. So the practice in Arabia was that they would place a cup like instrument on some part of the body.
And they would
remove the air from inside of it. There are different ways some of them burnt some material which uses up the air or creates a vacuum, some of them by sucking on it until and some would end the process by using a razor something sharp and making little cuts in the skin just to break the surface of the skin so the blood can come out easily when it's fold and they take away this comes anyway. Initially process element said that the company and the company
have broken their past both the one who had it done and the one who did it wrong.
However, even up bass reported that the prophesied seldom
was kept while fasting. in a state of Maharashtra.
It was in a state of
fasting we know that happened when at the end of his life.
So this was the after the time of the conquest of Mecca, the last year and farewell pilgrimage
didn't so we know that was the last instruction or last act. So therefore, it's looked at as abrogating the earlier.
The other way in which obligation may be identified is if there is an edge map among the Sahaba.
Amongst the Sahaba that can indicate also abrogation
where the Robinsons Allah gave some instruction. And the Sahaba unanimously did not apply that instruction. For example, Proverbs or Solomon said, and he found a certain level of ethic.
Whoever takes intoxicants with him, each time is caught.
But on the fourth occasion, kill him
was not implied by the Sahaba. After the death and
they didn't apply it. They were people caught drinking, diamonds and time again. And it was not recorded the unrighteous caliphs had anyone executed for drinking alcohol
intoxication. So the unanimous practice of the Sahaba
can indicate obligation, the practice of a single Sahabi does
but where it is unanimous among the Sahaba then that made it
Okay, so these represent the basic methods of dealing with the rulings in the tanks themselves.
When text contradicts, the first step is to confirm that they're both authentic.
The second step is to try to harmonize and bring them together by making one general, the other one specific
making one, a
And then that's a command, a command which is modified modified command.
Like, watch, I'm going to move
on we're going to start going to mokou modification, clarification, if the general is a statement,
and an option, and the general rule is that statements take precedence over action.
Unless there are other supportive
factors, explanations on this a high bar
which clarify the attendance.
If none of this is possible,
then we go to third year, that is giving precedence to one Hades over another based on the strength of the
strength of its chain of narration. Those which are most authentic, take precedence over those who are less authentic.
And then, the last step we have is abrogation
where we try to find evidence indicating that the ruling of a particular body has been cancelled.
Tomorrow, we will deal with
process of authentication. And we'll also deal with the holidays.
And this is a very important topic and these are had where people say commonly that you cannot use hobbies, I had an academic
why they will say that I had AIDS which may be authentic, fully authentic. However, it is classified as I had, and they say we can use it in our laws and laws of economics or whatever other kind of laws, but we cannot use it in issues are established points of arcada.
Okay, we'll just go over now to the questions. We have a bunch of questions here, some leftover from yesterday, and inshallah
inshallah, we will try, at least in the last session to finish off all of your instincts.
Having done we'll do suppose one is
someone eats garlic, or onions, does the person have to make withdrawal again, or just gargle thrice? Well,
they don't have to make will do again, nor do they have to gargle thrice.
If they want to try to
remove the smell or whatever, then it's better they should do that and think what? Otherwise, as I said, if you eat raw garlic and onions, pray at home,
don't go to the bathroom.
What does it really mean by the Quran was revealed in seven different forms? Well, I wrote a book called soul and Tafseer and is explained there in detail, in fact, the previous course to this, this was tackled there.
But just quickly to say that
the Quran was revealed in accordance with the seven major dialects of the Arabs of Arabia, which was Parliament's miraculous character. So no one could claim that it wasn't revealed their dialect
and that's why they couldn't imitate it.
How far are we supposed to demon destiny, saying that one or the end?
Isn't the cupping incident of the prophecy itself to be taken out?
Colin Farrell, why not?
Well, the point is that if the problems are solved and does something
and he does it openly,
then the basic principle is that we can take guidance from his actions
where it is something which could be special to himself, then
there will be some kinds of supportive statement or explanation of the Sahaba whatever the clarified that it is unique to himself.
Do you pray to God when you enter the mosque given them is at the time of sunset? No, it was at the time when the sun is setting, then you remain standing until it's complete setting.
Different scholars give different religious verdicts and proofs to support their ideas or their views. We as a men are unable to differentiate between the two views as to what is correct. Incorrect reading. For example, they are supposed to say that a woman shouldn't offer prayer with her hair tied in a bun
to them give us the form of the hump on the camel.
there is honey,
where the prophet SAW Selim said
if you pray,
and your hair is braided side up, then undo the reins and allow your prayer here or here to prostrate along with you.
However, this is specific for men.
It is specific for men
Right? So there's a general principle here we said before that whenever I did it when I said something that we take it to be for both men and women. Why are we going to say this is specific now for men and not women? Why? Because women are obliged to wear him up, which stops their hair from frustrating along with them.
it's clear that Heidi is specific for men.
Now the issue of the hump on the camel, right?
If their hair is in a bun in the back of their head, I mean this is not resembling
Oh, it's talking about is the hair which is piled up on top which becomes you know, sticking up this is something which is talked about by the class I mean the the times to come with the women will have a hearing like this, you know, what was known as a hairstyle or the beehive way back in the 60s or whatever, you know, that is not an acceptable hairstyle for Muslim women. Otherwise, just tying it here in the back of your head is nothing wrong with it.
A woman should cover her head while eating. I do not remember the reason they gave there is no evidence for this.
A woman should go to her husband Whenever you call regardless if she is whether she is
fixed no reason given otherwise the angel cursor. It's true. That clear instruction
even if she's at the oven, has been called her she shouldn't
me on the camera
I don't know. I just
I listen to a tape to help me with this class. I came across the following points that were not included in my notes. Perhaps I missed them. Please confirm the accuracy. More so had the is the strongest type of way
But cannot be used as evidence alone.
But it depends on
the motor cell of the Sahaba we said it's considered
the monster of the Tabby in it is a morsel for my Tabby who
was known only to narrate on the Sahaba like side in the Messiah, then it is accepted also as authentic.
However, if it is not
among those, then yes, that would be stronger as supportive evidence and we can need supportive evidence because the Sahaba the diabelli if there are among the major Tabby known reliable scholars, their more self study will be considered stronger than other hobbies which are when you do breaks in their chain etc.
For it to be Moloch the shed or or the author
and, or more than him must be missing.
That is the share of Imam Bukhari.
Yes, this is the viola and if it does not must be missing, but chunks from the a the narration have been dropped leaving only the Sahabi at the end of just one before this organisms like this
for I need to be more than the two people missing from a chain must be consecutive. Yeah, two together and correct. Therefore the share or the author and the next person in the Senate is missing and this will be called one more than I need.
I need is more than but not everyone that is smaller.
And the tape the chef also made a distinction between vive and vive gender, please explain the implication for simple term he said if an obscure person has only one known student,
and it is classified as by RV has two or more students and the Hadees is diverted.
But seems to be the opposite. I would say
they should have died just then. I mean, this is a value judgment. It can be a number of different factors why a scholar may say life didn't because there may be breaks in the chain as well as we can arrangers the standard life.
And this may vary from scholar scholar as to why he says I've just done
the opposite said that for a headache to be classified as hassane. The four conditions of continuity of chain Adela
leyenda must be met. The only difference between IMS and acid is when the narrator may or may not think that's correct.
This is contrary to my notes, maybe my mistake. He also mentioned that, that with regards to Adela and arranger who lies with regards to worldly affairs isn't nice.
And also classified as weak.
I didn't make any distinction between worldly affairs, or heavy
you know, if he's a liar, a known liar, and his wing, and it's about worldly affairs that he was known to be alive. It's not unlike they didn't specify that it is specifically in regards to it. Meaning, if he lies about other things, he's okay. But if he does, you know, we'll accept him for it.
journals that also was mentioned several times as having two meanings. Being a collection of hobbies categorized by the companion arranging it, please clarify the second meaning.
Well, that also means something attributed back to the public
and has a complaint is not it's being used in two ways.
as a hobby and counselor handy.
Lady, that what is the explanation for statements I may not pass in which
when he was asked about
Women cover in the face he covered the whole face except one. I
that's the explanation.
When the exam the multiple choice
I think most of us would prefer the former.
Okay, I think let's save this last question here for tomorrow. It's quite long. So Shall
I was answering the questions. He noticed that she is looking at photos