Uloom Al-Hadeeth – 01

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Bilal Philips

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Episode Notes

Shaykh Bilal Philips, Uloom Al-Hadeeth recording on 12-05-2001, Episode 01

Episode Transcript

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For salam,

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O Allah Allah was hobby for many Spannabis in Nigeria Ahmed in

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our praise to Allah Allah Peace and blessings when his last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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This is the first in our

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series this week of studies in Hadith, and literature,

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the science of headaches, referred to as lwml hudy.

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And we'll be looking at a number of different topics related to hobbies, and the science

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as a second step from what was covered on the second level of our intensive courses, which we began a year ago, last summer, summer of 2000.

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At that time, we did an introduction to the science of heavy

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now we're continuing on

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with further detail, of course,

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some of you

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were not present in the first course. So, of necessity, some of the points will have to be reviewed

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the

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science or the science of Hadith,

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based on the the term IDs itself,

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an Arabic term, which basically means an item of news, conversation and tell a story or a report,

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whether

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historical or legendary, whether true or false, relating to the past or the present.

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This is the general meaning

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linguistically.

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However, in the same way, that

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other words prior to the final revelation,

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change, meaning in Arabic,

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like words like zeca, Salah, these had other meanings, prior to the prophethood and it was with the prophethood that these words took on new meanings, the meanings that we know now. Similarly, the term Hades took on a particular meaning with the

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development of Islam.

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Now, we find the term Hadith, used in both the Quran and the Sunnah.

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And it has been used to mean

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the same general usages linguistically as in soil column, verse 44.

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We have a lot saying there

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then leave me alone with those who reject this communication. And the term use here for that any woman you can give will be higher than Hades term Hades is used there. And it's taken to mean communication and this obviously is referring here to the crime.

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And we find

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Mohammed Salim, also saying, in the accidental Hadith Akita will law indeed the best form of communication is the book of a lawsuit this term has been used to refer to religious

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communication in particular, the Quran itself, has been used also to refer to a historical story we can find that in Surah Taha

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20 20th chapter, verse nine. Well how attacca habito Moosa law says there has the story of Moses reached you.

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And we find problems as a lamb also saying had the zoo and bunny saw in WA Hara. You may speak about the children of Israel without

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any harm

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that is speaking about

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information concerning their history etc, etc. Not necessarily speaking ill of them.

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The third category

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a general conversation

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when the problems are solved and confided in one of his wives mentioned in sorta Halima died in verse three with a sovereign Wu

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Ji hadiza. So it's us speaking about a general conversation.

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And we find problems as I'm saying. My name is Dima hadiza. Coleman. We're home level carry hoon.

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Our rune men who you support he only he and Anak, no molten copper will be poured in the air of whoever eavesdrops on the conversation of people who dislike him doing so, or flee from him.

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So, the linguistic understanding of the term Hadees

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can be found in both the Koran and in Hadith literature.

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However, what this term came to mean,

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was whatever is transmitted from Prophet Muhammad SAW some

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of his acts, his sayings, his tacit approval,

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or his physical characteristics, all of this report referred to as

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all of it is referred to as heavy

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scholars of Islamic law who use the term howdy if they do not include in it, the physical appearance of the Prophet Muhammad Salah

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because they're looking at the what the pumps are selling conveyed from a legal point of view, it's relevant in terms of our practice and application to our lives. Now, when we look at howdy as to its importance

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in Islam, some of these concepts have already been developed in our study of tafsir. When we studied tafsir, we found that the brand

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depended on the Sunnah, for clarification and for explanation.

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But first and foremost, the main point with regards to relevance of Hades

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is that Hadees is a form of Revelation is the first and foremost most important point

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that it's not

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act or explanations or approvals which were done from the government side salams personal feelings and judgments, although some of that did exist, in general, what the box is instructed what he approved, which has to do with the religion. This was based on revelation and so at that gym 53rd chapter verses three and four, we find a law

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making this point saying why am I in tipple and in our in who I was, you have he Mohamed my solemn does not speak of his desires. Indeed, what he says is revelation.

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So, we then consider the Hadith

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as a primary source of guidance.

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Similar to the Quran, the Quran being the revealed word of a lot of revelation coming to us, the sun, the Hadees represents another source of revelation which was conveyed to us.

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And we should not as I mentioned before, in terms of understanding the problem, we should not separate the hobby from it.

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This source of guidance which is the Hadees we can find problems or Sallam stressing its importance along with the Koran in a well known statement of his his in which you said indeed I was given the Koran and something similar to it, along with it.

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That's

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what the problem is.

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selam gotten the Quran was not to be looked at, in isolation. But there was something else which he was given which was revelation, which was expressed in the form of Heidi, the things which he said, which he did, and the things which he approved things which are done in his presence.

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The second importance of had it in the system of Islam is to the Quran itself, which we spoke about at great length when we dealt in our level on studies in tafsir. But I'll just touch it here briefly. And that the solna

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preserved or the Heidi, and we look at the difference between Hadith and Sunnah. These are you sort of interchangeably so sometimes it means about me saying, so now, when I'm speaking about hobbies, in specific I will go on to look at.

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But anyway, the protection of the car and when a law said that he revealed the car and he would protect it,

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he did not only protect it from the point of view of protecting its text,

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the physical text, yes, that was preserved, preserved in writing, as well as in the hearts of the believers to preserve in both forms.

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However, that protection was not restricted to the physical protection of a brand. Because

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had been only that

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the meanings of the Quran could then have easily been distorted. We have other systems in which people

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have books, the Bible, the

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Torah, the books of other religions, whether it's the Gita or whatever, and there are no end of interpretations and explanations. Every scholar every individual can put in it meanings. And of course, who is to say which one is the right one and which one is the wrong one. whereas in the case of the Quran, because it was to be the final revelation of Allah to humankind, then Allah preserved not only its text, to remain an evidence, a miracle of problems as alum, which would stand up to the last day, but he also preserved its meanings, to ensure that people would understand correctly what Allah had revealed.

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And that preservation took place. In the Sunnah, this is why we find in Surah

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16 chapter, verse 44, we find

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a lot they're saying, one zelner, la calligra, little by en la nasci, Manu, zi, la, la him, and I reveal to you the reminder, that is the plan, in order that you explain to the people, what was revealed to them, the bribe was revealed, for for their benefits, primarily among being a conveyor of the four iron. But he was given the responsibility of clarifying the instructions of the grant, giving further details to descriptions or explanations which Allah gave in the grind. So where a law tells us to establish the prayer, optimise Allah, the decree established a prayer for my remembrance. It was the Prophet Sunnah, where he said, some lucam our item only suddenly pray as you

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saw me pray, and he demonstrated the prayer to his companions,

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clarifying how prayer should take place. And that of course takes precedence over any rational interpretations, in that one may say, the above is our solemn

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was instructing the men to pray as he prayed. However, the case of women is different, you know, women are obliged to cover themselves up more than men.

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Therefore, the prayer of the woman should be different from the prayer of the man. So if the man when he stands, you know, he raises his hand and he places his hand across his

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just the lower part of his chest or whatever. They're saying, No, the woman she plays her hands on the upper part of the chest. And if she bows, she doesn't bow like

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The man who bows, you know, at the 45 degree angle and 90 degree angle, sorry, it's 90 degree. No, she should only bow like 45 degrees from straight, she should only go 45 degrees here. You know why? Because if she bowed all the way that's full 90 degrees, then you know her posterior would be protruding, you know, and that she is supposed to cover herself, right? So she is told to not bend completely, and just to touch her knees with their fingertips. And if she goes into frustration, similarly, her frustration should not be like the man's where he goes down and his behind is up in the air. You know, it's no, it's appropriate for women. So let's say no, the woman should sort of

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crumble down, right and place her chest on her thighs, and keep her behind down. So she just sort of in a heap, she's there on the ground, elbows on the ground and everything else. This is a rational, you know, arguments about, you know, women and the difference between women and men. However, problems are seldom said pray, as you saw me praying, and that instruction was not limited to men. And it's a basic principle according to Islamic law, whether it's in the Quran and the Sunnah. And when prompts are seldom or last month Allah gives instructions, and he uses male terms, not Arabic terms addressing what appears to be addressing males, that it is applicable to both males and

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females unless specified otherwise. That is the general assumption and this is the same thing actually in Arabic language. We use it when we say salaam aleikum. Right Well, it's means peace beyond all you men.

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So Salaam Alaikum means but we use it for everybody

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at the standard. So similarly, when prophets Allah said prayers, you saw me pray it meant everybody and in fact, when we go and see the various narrations which describe the women, and the promises alums time and how they prayed, they prayed in the same way that the men prayed.

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The third point of importance for hobbies has to do with the laws, the laws of Islam, basic principles which guide human lives, that in accepting the Sharia,

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as a general guide for life, disputes must occur amongst us human beings. We will dispute we will contradict each other we will have arguments we'll have need for resolving disputes. Well,

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a lot of Allah made the Prophet Muhammad wa sallam.

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The judge in disputes that is Hadith would provide us with the solution for the various disputes that we might find ourselves in. Allah says in Surah Nisa, for chapter verse 59. The Idina Avenue after your law, while clear rasuluh will remain Khun Fenton Azhar timofey che, for do who in a law he were a soul, or believers obey Allah and obey the messenger and those in authority among you. If you dispute about anything, refer it to Allah and His messenger. So referring the

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dispute to Allah and the messenger, obviously mental problems SLM is no longer alive, referring it to a lot meant referring it to the Quran. So referring it to the messenger meant referring it to Heidi had it becomes the means of resolving our disputes, it becomes the unnecessary component for the smooth running of the legal system in the Muslim state.

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Now, the fourth

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importance of Hadith

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is that it forms what may be called the moral ideal. That is, since prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was guided in his day to day life and how he interacted with people because people would observe him and take

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from his character from his behavior from his treatment.

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of his wives, children, etc, other people, neighbors, etc, they would take from his behavior,

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guidelines for their own behavior. Therefore, his hobbies provided

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a body of morals principles by which to guide and develop human moral character. And when, on one occasion, his wife Ayesha de la Ana, was asked about his conduct, what was his character? Like? What was the character the prompts I'll send them like?

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she asked the questioner if that questioner had not read the plan. And the individual said, Yes, I read the Quran and she said, That was his character, his character was,

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he practically demonstrated in his lifestyle, how the Quran was to be implemented.

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The fifth

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importance or points of importance

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is related to the preservation of Islam itself.

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In that,

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the Hadith, and the science which developed around it,

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a science which was unknown to Worlds prior

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this science became a means of preserving Islam itself.

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We know that

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the messages which came to the former prophets and name of Salaam, whether it is Jesus, Moses, Abraham, or Adam, that these messages became distorted as time passed, as generations came, changes to places in these messages. So the overall system of Islam, which was taught by those prophets became lost in tiny

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bits and pieces may have remained, but the overall message was no longer the message which was originally brought,

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and a loss of data, no had said, and sort of hedger 15 chapter, verse nine, in the known as Edna decra, or in the hula, half balloon, indeed, I have revealed the reminder, and I will indeed, protected. So through the science of Hadith,

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the body of Islamic law, knowledge practice,

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was preserved through the science of Hadith itself. So, we can say in terms of the importance of Hadith, that

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they are relevant to Revelation itself.

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In that had it was a form of Revelation and that it should be treated as such was the first important secondly, that it clarified the meanings and preserved and protected the meanings of the Quran.

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Thirdly, that it was

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the necessary means of resolving disputes, and

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explaining how the legal system of Islam should be implemented.

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Fourthly, that it provided the moral ideal about which bathrooms I sell them had said, in the my boys to tell me my makara mana flock, I was only sent to perfect for you the highest of moral character traits, which that statement of is he summarize the essence of Islam, the message of Islam as being a moral message, calling to morality, morality with regard to God, first and foremost, which meant worshiping God alone and not worshiping others besides him or along with him.

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Morality with regards to our fellow human beings and to ourselves, how we treat ourselves how we treat fellow human beings, there are guidelines there.

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We shouldn't steal, we shouldn't cheat, etc, etc lie and with regard to the rest

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The creation which Allah has submitted to us, there is moral behavior guidelines of moral behavior problems that Solomon said, we should not make any animals, our targets. And these videos go and kill animals for sports and for fun, you know that we have a responsibility to look after them, to take care of them problems and solve them on one occasion and said that a woman went to paradise because of a dog. And a man went to hell, because of a cat or another woman, it's a matter of narration, the woman went to hell because of a cat. In the case of the one going to hell it was because the fact that she had a cat that she did not look after she tied it up in the lowest chance

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to feed itself and then starve to death. So a lot of put her in hell because of it. And, and the case of a dog, a woman going to paradise, a woman, who was from the children of Israel, and who was actually a had come out of a life of prostitution, she had come to a well run in and got some water came back out and found a dog outside panting, out of thirst, it was such great thirst and it began even to lick the earth to try to get some kind of moisture around the well. And she climbed back down into well filled her shoe with water, brought it back and find the dog. And because of that, from what Salim said, you know, she was placed by a lion paradise.

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So the moral message is central to Islam. And finally, we said that in terms of importance, that it provided a means of preserving the system of Islam as a whole, not only preserve the crime, the meanings of the crime, etc. It also preserved the whole system of practices. And that science, which evolved, this is what's really preserved it hides itself.

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Created due to the need of conveyance of the Hadees accurately, it created or law brought forth people who developed a science in order to ensure its authenticity. And in doing that, they inadvertently also protected the authenticity of Islamic teachings as a whole. I mean, they were not themselves thinking that we are going to protect the Islamic teachings on the whole, you know, that is something of a, you know, a kind of an arrogant position to take no, they were just concerned about trying to protect the hobbyist, but in fact, through them, Allah had the whole system protected.

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Now, as I mentioned, initially, you want to turn

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as I mentioned initially, that there is a relationship between the hobbyist and the Sunda one which leads myself and leads other people to have to use the terms interchangeably. In fact, the terms are different than meaning because we said he meant primarily Hades meant

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the speech, the sayings,

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actions and approval, the promise as a lump, whereas Sunnah actually meant way or path,

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way or path.

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And

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in the science of Hadith,

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the term Sunnah really is indistinguishable from Hadith. It means one and the same thing.

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It includes not only saying exact and approval, but also includes physical descriptions of the problems.

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And it includes information prior to the prophethood.

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Whereas when it's used in a legal sense, in the field of fifth And fifth, so not only refers to the statements, acts and approvals of departments,

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you know, which had

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legal import, which was related to the religion in specific, right, because,

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in general, there may be some statements at the bottom of them

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where he expressed his own personal

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preferences or that has to do with the foods he ate or certain types of clothing that he wore.

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These are not considered a part of the legal body in Islam except to say that it just indicates the General permissibility of people to eat whatever they want to eat, you know, if there are foods to be discussed, you know, if somebody says Can we eat this or can we can we not eat this you know, people have asked for example, you know, there are some parts of the world where people eat monkeys brains, right, and on some bright

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To serve,

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and then the brain of the monkey whilst it's alive.

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Is this permissible? I was asked this question.

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So my response was basically that it was permissible. And they were asking me, what's the proof? That is permissible? Why? Because this thing sounds so horrible. So, you know, how can you possibly be permissible for us to eat monkeys brains? No. But the point is that when it comes to foods,

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the general principle is that they are all permissible, except what has been specifically prohibited. So

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when an issue comes up about food, we have to and somebody wants to wants to say, well, it's not permissible, that is the person who is required to bring the evidence,

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not the person who

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chooses to eat it. Because for example, you know, in Germany, people will eat meat steak, they'll eat steak raw, you know, literally, they take the steak, they throw it on the pan, and flip it immediately after hit the pan. In other words, they're just warming the surface, that's all and they eat it like that. In Holland and other places they eat, they like to eat raw fish, when we get in the supermarket here, you know, it's been cured or whatever, but it's raw and you have sushi of the Japanese. So the point is that, to say that this is haram, one has to bring evidence. Do we have any statement above on Sunday, which said that you must cook food before eating it.

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As you can eat raw vegetables, you can eat raw meat, if that's what you choose. So what you don't like or what we personally don't like, we can't make halal and haram on the basis of it. And the actions of the Prophet Moses Allah demonstrated that you know, these things are left up to individuals.

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Now,

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when we,

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as I said, when we look at the, the Sunnah and the Hadith, with regards to

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legal importance,

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there is a

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problem of arrangements in that

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the number of women here are far more than the number of men

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and it is our usual

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thing that we do need to shift things around to give them some more room. So perhaps we can stop here for a minute and allow people to just shift

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just to repeat the

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distinction that we're making between the Hadith and the Sunnah.

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We said that, from the point of view of the science of Hadith,

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return Sunland, these are interchangeable.

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linguistically speaking, there are differences in the meaning of these meaning conversation, whereas, sudden the meaning way or path

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that

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in the technical sense, most of them refer to the same actions and approvals of the problems I sell them, along with descriptions of his physical

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nature, as well as even biographical information about themselves. Whereas in the science of Islamic law,

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what we find is that the Sunnah refers primarily to the sayings actions and approvals of the problems which have legal import.

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And it is used also in the legal sense to distinguish between the Sharia

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In the Sharia between what is considered innovation visa and what is correct they will refer to be the ash and Sunnah. So nabooda. So not being what is correct the correct way are the promises alum and Vidya meaning, innovations. And it is also used in the rules governing human acts. And this term also used to refer to those acts which are classified as being recommended. The other terms used are Mr. Hubbard's manual, and others, soon as us here to indicate what is recommended.

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Now,

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in general, if we look at the Sunnah as being that legal body of information to guide human life,

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explaining and providing details for us of the Sharia, then we can say that the Hadees represents the storehouse of the Sunnah, or the vehicle by which the Sunnah has reached us.

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If you look at the Sunnah, from a legal perspective,

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certainly from a legal perspective,

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then the heartbeat is what conveys to us the Sunnah.

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That basically was the introduction

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to the Hadith.

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Now, the next topic, actually, before going on, we should look and see if there are any questions concerning hobbies, understanding this foundation. However, we'll just save it to the end and carry on because we did start with late anyway, carry on to the next topic. And let me just mention with regards to the notes that hopefully, inshallah I will have them ready for Monday's class, I would have had them ready today, except that I had a terrible accident this morning, I spilled my

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fruit juice on my laptop,

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just zapped the whole thing. So what I've been working on over the weekend was lost. I unfortunately didn't follow proper procedures and saving things on floppies after you work on them. So that means that I have to go and redo that material between today and Monday. So inshallah hopefully I was doing it the second time is a lot easier than doing the first time

00:38:02--> 00:38:13

but I will prepare to finish preparing the material for you and have it in the form of a spiral bound booklet by Monday inshallah.

00:38:24--> 00:38:31

I should just mention that as the list of the attendees as it passed around here to meet everybody, everybody is

00:38:34--> 00:38:36

okay, so just pass it on again.

00:38:43--> 00:38:47

hamdulillah salatu salam ala, the second

00:38:50--> 00:39:08

lecture or the second part of the program deals with the compiled ation of hubbies. As we looked at the compiler ation of the Koran, how was it gathered? We will also look at the compilation of the hudy what we took out of the compilation of the Quran,

00:39:10--> 00:39:13

assurance that the Quran was authentic,

00:39:14--> 00:39:16

that it was

00:39:18--> 00:39:19

truly from Allah.

00:39:20--> 00:39:32

And what inshallah should come out of a study of the compilation of Hadith is the assurance that

00:39:33--> 00:39:47

the Hadees what is authentic of them, we will learn how they are authenticated, but that the Hadees are also a reliable source of guidance for us.

00:39:49--> 00:39:59

As the Quran is a reliable source, find is a primary source. It is also a primary though it may be secondary to the crime. It is the crime than that.

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

together which form our foundation, two primary sources. So,

00:40:08--> 00:40:12

if we look to the era of the Prophet Muhammad Salah

00:40:13--> 00:40:14

to determine

00:40:17--> 00:40:22

where this process of heavy compilation began,

00:40:23--> 00:40:24

we find that

00:40:25--> 00:40:27

the prophets are seldom

00:40:28--> 00:40:34

did not leave a lot of instructions for the compilation of heavy

00:40:35--> 00:40:50

as In fact, he didn't leave stated instructions for the plan though he practically gathered around him scribes who instructed to write down the crime. So, he practically took the steps necessary to preserve it.

00:40:52--> 00:40:58

In terms of the headaches, we do find a narration which is found as a Muslim

00:41:00--> 00:41:07

and which prompts Our solemn had forbidden the writing down of hobbies

00:41:08--> 00:41:33

and he said whoever wrote other besides the crime, they should erase it, there is a statement of this nature. And from that, it was generally concluded that the Sahaba in the lifetime of problems are seldom they did not do any writing cause of the processor given this instruction. However, this instruction

00:41:34--> 00:41:50

was to preserve the Quranic text from interpolation, that is, those who are writing down the Quran word to avoid writing Heidi's along with it.

00:41:51--> 00:42:04

So, that they may not inadvertently work their way into the crime. Because if we actually look at the instructions, apartments or sanlam with regards to

00:42:07--> 00:42:59

writing, we do find on many occasions he did write things down which are from his hobbies, he wrote letters which he sent to Governor's in different of the rulers of different nations etc, and to his governors in different provinces, etc, we find that he did in fact, record statements which are these are heavy whenever he said the dictated and they wrote it down these days, these were recorded and sent out. So, in practice, we find that the recording of it did take place many times in terms of instructions concerning taxation, you know, the zakkai, etc, you know, information this information had to be distributed, and much of it was distributed in writing. And there is a number

00:42:59--> 00:43:12

of recorded statements of the companions that they did, in fact, record wrote down had eaten the lifetime of Salah among the most notable is one by Abdullah even amor.

00:43:13--> 00:43:19

In Alaska, he said, I used to write down everything which I heard from the Messenger of Allah

00:43:21--> 00:43:23

with the intention of memorizing.

00:43:25--> 00:43:39

However, some sites forbade me from doing so saying, Do you write everything that you hear from him, while the Messenger of Allah is a human being who speaks in anger and pleasure?

00:43:40--> 00:43:45

So, I will drive an hour used to write down everything that

00:43:46--> 00:43:50

he heard from the boss I sell him with this intention of

00:43:51--> 00:43:52

memorizing.

00:43:54--> 00:44:15

However, he was discouraged from doing so by some people from the tribe of Quraysh, who originally from mechanistic advising, shouldn't do that, because farmers Arsalan was a human being. And sometimes he said things which are some himself in anger or sometimes he said things, you know, inadvertently of things which you please him as a person.

00:44:16--> 00:44:22

So, of the life nama said, so I stopped writing. And I mentioned it to the Messenger of Allah.

00:44:24--> 00:44:35

And the prophet SAW, seldom pointed to his mouth, and said, right by him in whose hands is my soul, only truth comes out of it.

00:44:37--> 00:44:42

And this is an authentic hadith it can be found in sunon. libido, authenticated.

00:44:43--> 00:44:51

So here is a clear instruction out of the box as I love to his companion to continue to do what he was doing writing down everything.

00:44:53--> 00:44:59

Also, Abu huraira narrated that when Mecca was conquered. The prophet SAW Selim stood up and gave us

00:45:02--> 00:45:14

In the narration, or whatever I mentioned the sermon, when a man from Yemen by the name of Abu Shah, he got up and said, O Messenger of Allah, write it down for me. sermon.

00:45:15--> 00:45:18

And the Messenger of Allah said, write it down for

00:45:20--> 00:45:21

the whole

00:45:23--> 00:45:24

agenda. NARRATION it says,

00:45:25--> 00:45:44

actually, it was one of the narrators, he asked, What were they writing, and then said it was the sermon that they heard that day. So the whole sermon represents had these other problems are solved. And here he is instructing them to write it down. Abu Shah was from Yemen. He was going back to Yemen. He wanted that body of information to take back with him.

00:45:46--> 00:45:47

Another narration,

00:45:48--> 00:46:00

Abu cobbin said, we work with Abdullah bin Ahmed and Alas, and he was asked which city would be conquered first, Constantinople, or Rome.

00:46:01--> 00:46:09

So the law called for a sealed chunk, and said, Take out the book from it. There's a book in it, take it out.

00:46:11--> 00:46:12

Then of the law,

00:46:13--> 00:46:19

said, while we were with the Messenger of Allah writing, the Messenger of Allah said,

00:46:21--> 00:46:35

Sorry, the Messenger of Allah was asked which city would be conquered first, Constantinople or Rome. So a large messenger said, the city of miraculous will be conquered first meaning Constantinople.

00:46:37--> 00:46:40

conquest of Rome has yet to come.

00:46:44--> 00:46:49

Anyway, the point is that, during the lifetime of the problems are seldom

00:46:51--> 00:46:57

a number of his traditions, his hobbies were written down.

00:46:58--> 00:46:59

In fact,

00:47:01--> 00:47:11

the major narrators of Hades, the vast majority of the major narrators of Hadith themselves, wrote down

00:47:12--> 00:47:13

had these

00:47:14--> 00:47:38

voices traditionally, you know, understood that it was conveyed orally, you know, and oftentimes people speak about the prodigious memories of the Arabs, you know, and this became the focus why, we can still be assured that it was preserved because of their memory. The fact of the matter is, that many of them wrote

00:47:40--> 00:47:44

and we can find, narration narrations,

00:47:45--> 00:47:57

ascribing writing to the vast majority of those who narrated hobbies. And if we look at the the mass of literature, which has come to us,

00:47:58--> 00:48:08

the total number of those who actually narrated Hades as someplace around 1060

00:48:09--> 00:48:13

of the companions, and the total number of compilers will fall beyond that.

00:48:15--> 00:48:26

And those who narrated more 20 IDs or more, their total number was only like 120 something

00:48:29--> 00:48:43

the majority of those who narrated IDs, say 500 nearly half of those who narrated this he said 1060 500 of them only narrated one.

00:48:46--> 00:48:56

So the idea in which people raised about, you know, this hobby is being narrated and how they might have been forgotten etc. I mean, if you only have one happy scenario,

00:48:58--> 00:49:03

I mean, you don't need a prodigious memory, to to remember that one happy.

00:49:04--> 00:49:11

Anyway, the point is, I said is that writing took place in the lifetime of Prophet Mohammed Salim himself.

00:49:13--> 00:49:30

And I mentioned all these, these were, this was known to take place in the era of the Sahaba. That is, after the death of problems I sell them. Now the issue of writing down the things that I and actions took on

00:49:32--> 00:49:59

major importance during his lifetime, it was not that important because of the fact that he was there. They could always go back to him, they could, you know, ask whatever they needed to ask he was allowed it was available. Now, he was no longer there. Now the need to have his statements, his actions, his approvals available to those who were now conveying Islam to the next generation.

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

This now became a critical issue. In fact,

00:50:05--> 00:50:07

at the death of the asylum,

00:50:08--> 00:50:13

the Sahaba debated as to whether they should bury him.

00:50:14--> 00:50:16

Well, we should, should we bury him in

00:50:17--> 00:50:18

the graveyard of Medina?

00:50:21--> 00:50:22

Or should we bury him in his Masjid?

00:50:25--> 00:50:37

over to the garden. And it wasn't until abubaker quoted for them a statement of the problems and sell them he said, profits should be buried wherever they died,

00:50:39--> 00:50:41

that that conflict was resolved.

00:50:43--> 00:50:53

So, they went into the bedroom of Ayesha, they messed it up where his bed was, and they dug his grave right there and buried him.

00:50:55--> 00:51:22

Of course, some of you may not be familiar with that. And you want to know is that the boxer salams grave within his Masjid? You know, you might be wondering, what am I saying here? Because I said he was buried in the ISIS house. The fact of the matter is that ISIS house was not a part of the masjid in the time of Moses Allah, nor was it inside of the masjid during the time of the righteous scallops. But it was, you know, years after

00:51:23--> 00:51:47

that time, that one of the main governors, you know, made the decision to expand the masjid and include the house of Iowa. And that's how these grains ended up within the master. This was not his instruction, in fact, he forbade the building of masjids overgraze for me that outline really not permissible to have a grave in the masjid.

00:51:48--> 00:51:53

So, this was going against actually in fact, the teachings of the Salah.

00:51:55--> 00:51:58

Anyway, just to mention, you know, some of the

00:51:59--> 00:52:03

other components of the problem as I sell them, you know, we find who

00:52:05--> 00:52:17

wrote down Aditya Babu era was looked at as being the most prolific narrator of Hades. And when you see the numbers that

00:52:18--> 00:52:39

are used to refer to Hades narrators and are mentioned, for example, the top 12 I will Herrera it's 5003 74, even Omar's 2006 30 and 70 Malik is 2286 Ayesha didn't have the buffer is 2210. That is Ayesha was the fourth most prolific marriage of Heidi.

00:52:40--> 00:53:07

Then we have even about 1006 60 jabiru. Abdullah 1005 540, which is February 1001 71, was 748. The live in America in the last 700 miles about 537. And he will be 3536 30 265, an acid 305. These are the top 12

00:53:08--> 00:53:11

narrators, what we find is that

00:53:12--> 00:53:32

Abu huraira when we talk about these numbers of narrations of Hadith, again, people mistakenly think that these are the actual number of heartbeats generated. However, what what this really refers to is the number of channels through which they had the was

00:53:33--> 00:53:34

transmitted.

00:53:36--> 00:53:42

The number of channels through which the heavy was transmitted, meaning Abu huraira

00:53:43--> 00:53:51

Jose had his apartment, and I will be giving you a chart. So you can look at these and how they were transmitted. He had

00:53:54--> 00:53:55

a number of students

00:53:57--> 00:54:00

say 10 of his students listen to this

00:54:02--> 00:54:13

presentation, this transmission, they learned this heavy and they passed it on. Each of these students themselves had 10 other students or five other students.

00:54:15--> 00:54:22

And from them, they were recorded in the final set of books have had the

00:54:24--> 00:54:24

recording

00:54:27--> 00:54:57

each book which has a channel of narration of that particular Heidi, this is called one of the channels of narration. And these are what actually met when they say that they will read narrated 5374. It's actually there are 5074 channels of narration of his edits. When modern research actually look at the actual Hadees themselves which were narrated.

00:54:58--> 00:54:59

removing all of the references

00:55:00--> 00:55:07

They found that the total number of had been directed by Abwehr were in fact 1236.

00:55:09--> 00:55:23

Almost 50% of the actual figure which was commonly circulated, as I said, these were really channels of narration as opposed to separate individual headaches. Anyway, I

00:55:25--> 00:55:35

was reported by Hassan live and I'm gonna add memory to have had books. And he said, he said, I saw books in his possession.

00:55:37--> 00:55:39

And I live in Ibis.

00:55:41--> 00:55:52

He used to write down whatever you heard, and even had slaves we employed when the skill of writing who would also record that had these for him.

00:55:54--> 00:55:58

I'm rob us of the live nominee. As we mentioned earlier,

00:56:00--> 00:56:08

he was known to have recorded books of Hades in the time of the bus asylum, and his major collection was known as a Sahiba.

00:56:10--> 00:56:12

A saga, Asahi has

00:56:13--> 00:56:14

as HIPAA.

00:56:15--> 00:56:18

So here are some notes and sada.

00:56:19--> 00:56:38

Anyway, his compile ation was known scholars of the early times spoke about it, it hasn't come down to our times is no longer available. And similarly aboubaker was the first callin he was known to have written down over 500 sayings of the Prophet, Allah.

00:56:41--> 00:56:42

So,

00:56:43--> 00:57:18

the companions of the Prophet, Allah not only wrote down Hadees, during the lifetime of the profit center, they continue to write them down after the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam after his death. They shared the Hadith amongst themselves, the younger ones people like providing a bath of the life in our in 100 100 lives and 100 and allows all these were younger companions of the farmers as Allah. And they used to sit with the older companions and gather Hadith from them, and they will record them.

00:57:22--> 00:57:31

Now, just a point to note that when we use the term Sahaba, or companions, but this refers to

00:57:33--> 00:57:34

anyone

00:57:35--> 00:57:38

who met Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam,

00:57:40--> 00:57:43

a believer and died a believer

00:57:45--> 00:58:16

is the general definition of the Sahaba because there were people who lived in his lifestyle, families live but never met him. They were in other parts of the world, they were in Yemen etc. They were contemporaries of his but they never met him. These are not considered classified as Sahaba are companions companion doesn't necessarily mean somebody who narrated information. I mean, those narrated by narrators amongst the companions are not necessarily themselves.

00:58:17--> 00:58:20

Each and every one of them did not necessarily have to narrate.

00:58:23--> 00:58:25

The third era

00:58:27--> 00:58:36

is that of the Tabby only, and this is, in the first century, this is still all within the first century of the hindraf

00:58:38--> 00:58:45

migrated to Medina, and at the time of his migrating migration, we began the Hijri calendar.

00:58:46--> 00:58:52

Bobby is the one who designated it as the point by which time would be observed

00:58:53--> 00:58:56

our years etc. And

00:58:58--> 00:59:04

the Sahaba Of course, most of them lived during that first century.

00:59:07--> 00:59:30

And those who are their students, came to be known as the Tabby own are the successors, the followers, they were the students of the Sahaba. And they conveyed the information from the Sahaba conveyed from the bathrooms, they conveyed it to the next generation, they studied under the Sahaba.

00:59:32--> 00:59:40

and gather that information. They traveled to different parts of the Muslim realm, wherever the Sahaba were, they sat with them.

00:59:41--> 00:59:43

Although in the initial stages,

00:59:44--> 00:59:54

those people who are in the areas of this high but they just stopped with those who are in their area. And it's really the generation after them that a lot of traveling to place. Anyway. The point is that

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

during the era of

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

Omar ceman

01:00:03--> 01:00:17

Islam spread all across North Africa and spread up into Turkey and into Persia. And the Sahaba went with the army. And they settled in some of these places.

01:00:19--> 01:00:41

And they would teach the son now the buffaloes as a lamb to the people, as they accepted Islam or to other Muslims, who, whose knowledge of Islam was limited, they would teach they took on the job and under them upon the job of conveying Islam. To me, people have their vicinity in the area location where they live.

01:00:42--> 01:00:45

So those who stayed and studied under them,

01:00:46--> 01:00:51

were referred to as the tab that says the successors and

01:00:53--> 01:00:54

may

01:00:57--> 01:01:16

for themselves involved in the writing process just as the Sahaba were. We can find for example, if we look at the top 12 companions, we find Abu huraira nine of his students were known to have recorded Hadith from him. In fact, one of his students

01:01:17--> 01:01:23

Hammami been and will not be, he has

01:01:54--> 01:01:55

Salam Allah.

01:01:57--> 01:01:59

Allah Allah was Hobie.

01:02:00--> 01:02:14

Nigeria Ahmed Dean, how praise you to Allah, Allah Peace and blessings when his last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

01:02:16--> 01:02:19

This is the first in our

01:02:20--> 01:02:28

series this week of studies in hobbies, and literature.

01:02:29--> 01:02:33

The science of hobby referred to as lwml hobby.

01:02:35--> 01:02:44

And we'll be looking at a number of different topics related to hobbies, and the science

01:02:45--> 01:03:05

as a second step from what was covered on the second level of our intensive courses, which we began a year ago, last summer, summer of 2000.

01:03:06--> 01:03:11

At that time, we did an introduction to the science of heavy

01:03:12--> 01:03:13

now we're continuing on

01:03:15--> 01:03:18

with further detail. Of course,

01:03:19--> 01:03:20

some of you

01:03:21--> 01:03:31

were not present in the first course. So, of necessity, some of the points will have to be reviewed

01:03:34--> 01:03:34

the

01:03:37--> 01:03:39

science or the science of Hadith,

01:03:43--> 01:03:46

based on the term Hadees itself,

01:03:48--> 01:03:59

an Arabic term, which basically means an item of news, conversation and tell a story or report,

01:04:00--> 01:04:01

whether

01:04:03--> 01:04:09

historical or legendary, whether true or false, relating to the past or the present.

01:04:11--> 01:04:14

This is the general meaning

01:04:16--> 01:04:17

linguistically.

01:04:19--> 01:04:23

However, in the same way, that

01:04:25--> 01:04:30

other words prior to the final revelation,

01:04:31--> 01:04:33

change, meaning in Arabic,

01:04:35--> 01:04:57

like words like zeca Sala, these had other meanings, prior to the prophethood. And it was with the prophethood that these words took on new meanings, the meanings that we know now. Similarly, the term Heidi's took on a particular meaning with the

01:04:59--> 01:04:59

event

01:05:00--> 01:05:01

ment of Islam

01:05:03--> 01:05:10

now we find the term Hadith, used in both the Quran and the Sunnah.

01:05:11--> 01:05:14

And it has been used to mean

01:05:16--> 01:05:25

the same general usages linguistically, as in soil column, verse 44.

01:05:28--> 01:05:30

We have a lot saying there,

01:05:31--> 01:05:50

then leave me alone with those who reject this communication. And the term used here for that any woman you can give will be higher than Hades. The term Hades is used there. And it's taken to mean communication and this obviously is referring here to the crime.