Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 06
Channel: Bilal Philips
File Size: 26.70MB
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah, Karim, Allah Allah was hobby minister Nebuchadnezzar to Medina, operates due to a law in Milan Peace and blessings in the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.
In our previous session, we completed the 13th verse
expresses the beat begins to express the details of the story of the use,
who had abandoned their people and secluded themselves in the cave.
And Allah mentioned there that the story is a true story. And that's we reflected on that. The issue of it being a true story that a law has related to us a variety of, of information through stories. And this is something which people find attractive,
to learn through stories we know from children, and same thing with adults. Because when you think of
what we entertain ourselves with, even now, people as adults, whether it's through the media,
and the various forms, its versions of stories, we are still learning through stories.
But a lot of stress is here, of course that hit whatever stories you relate our true stories, and there was different
myths circulated the time from some centuries before the narrow the revelation of the Quran, about the sleepers of Ephesus, Ephesus, who there as they were referred to, in Christian tradition,
and that the client would clarify the truth about them.
And also, we discussed in that verse about the fact that Allah had said,
they were youth who believed in their Lord and I increased their level of guidance. We talked about the issue of
increase in faith, whether faith is something you either have or you don't have, or is it something that may be increased through different means.
And what we had confirmed through this
statement of the Prophet of Allah smart Allah is that faith in fact, is not fixed, but then it increases and decreases. I we said the basic formula for the increase in faith was
what causes an increase in faith?
Yes, we broke for such a long time you've forgotten now. Good deeds, righteous deeds, increased faith, and evil deeds, decrease faith. That's the basic formula. And of course, a variety of different righteous but just that's the general picture to determine, you know, what increases faith and what decreases faith.
Going on to verse 14. Allah goes on to give more details of the story. He said there. What about now Allah pulumi him is camuy for kalu robina raba sumati will out. Len Nagar amin do de la Han locka Khulna he, then Shah, and I strengthen their hearts when they stood up and said, Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens in the earth. We will never call on any god besides Him. If we did, we would indeed have uttered an enormous deviance.
cheerfulness I mean, he commented that, when Allah said I strengthened their hearts it meant that alarm made their heart steady, and strengthened them and bound them because their people oppose them. For contradicting ones people require steadfastness, especially considering that they will use or use father may affect him and instruct him to disbelieve, however law bound their hearts and steadied them,
or law study us in our faith.
I shouldn't Shan Titi
and his stuffs here a while back. He said the verse meant that the law study their hearts and strengthen their patience, so that they would not panic and become fearful to openly declare the truth. It was also in order that they be patient about leaving their families and worldly comforts, to flee with their religion to an unfamiliar cave in a mountain without water or food.
And what is understood from this noble verse
Is that whoever is obedient to his Lord
may be glorious and transcendent. Allah will strengthen his heart and make him steady to handle times, patiently difficult times patiently. And they are mighty pointed out in many other places in the Quran. The same principle. For example, for those who took part in the Battle of better, he addressed the prophet SAW Selim saying, remember when he covered you with a slumber as a security from him, and he caused rain to descend on you from the sky in order to clean you and to remove from you the whispering of Satan, and to strengthen your hearts and make your feet firm.
And also, he said,
Remember when your Lord revealed to the angels Indeed, I am with you. So, so keep firm,
those who have believed
concerning the mother of Moosa, he said, when I, when the heart of Moses, his mother became empty, she was about to disclose his case, had I not strengthened her heart, so that she may remain one of the believers.
So this general principle from last month, Allah, that
that a law when a person has dedicated himself or herself to a loss to Allah, they find themselves in difficulty, Allah will come to their aid, it will support them. And this is demonstrated, of course, throughout the, the life of Prophet Muhammad SAW seldom how many different circumstances he found themselves himself in with regards to the enemies of Islam, and a lot came to his support, whether through miraculous means or through the support of people around him.
Unless I mean, commented on the phrase, they stood up, saying that it meant they stood up among the people and announced their belief in monotheism, and declare their innocence of what the people were doing. They said, Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens in the earth, not the lord of so and so but the Lord of the heavens in the earth. He most glorious is the owner, creator and maintainer of the heavens and the earth, because the Lord, which is one of our laws, names meant the Creator, the owner and maintainer, they did not care about what anyone thought or what they might do in this respect. They were like the magician's of Pharaoh. Pharaoh's magicians. When the evidence came to
them, they immediately declared their faith. They didn't wait to get permission from Pharaoh. But when faith entered their hearts immediately, and they made a commitment, they said, We will never give preference to you over the clear truths that have come to us, or over the one who created us. So decree what you desire for you can only make decrees regarding the life of this world. This is so
And everything in this world is passing and coming to an end, whether it takes a long time for you or short time, every human being must experience one of two situations or the growing old or an early death and the end of old age is also death.
And that is why the poet said loudly Bonilla, she Madame Maha summer,
oh, Mohan Maha sama. Let that who Be it Carol multiwall harami. There is no good in life as long as it's pleasantries, passing and met by death in old age.
Whenever a human being remembers that he will die, whether his life is short or long. Life will not be pleasant for him. It is among a lot of lessons that people forget this issue. But among those who forget, for ones are those who forget it by being busy obeying a law, while others forget it by being busy with this worldly life. And that is why the problems are seldom you know how to advise that we should remember death. And he called it the destroyer of pleasures. Remember it often. And this is why he also told us to visit the graveyards. He said I used to prohibit you from visiting graveyards, but now go and visit them. It is good to remind you of the life to come.
They went on to say we will never call an any god besides Him.
That is they would not request anything from anyone
which would who would be in a position of God to answer I mean we request from others besides the law, human beings, which is legitimate. Law problems are seldom had said that whoever can guarantee him
that he will not ask anybody for anything.
He will guarantee that person
that is another level. Okay? Whoever will guarantee him not to ask never to ask anybody for anything. This means putting one's trust completely on the last one to Allah.
That he will guarantee him paradise I mean, that is the level of trust, which few can achieve. But for the rest of us.
The idea is that we don't ask people for things which really belong to a law. And people call on saints, peers, others to do things for them, which they're not in a position to do only allies able to do these things, then,
to do so is to really to be calling on a god another god besides a law, though we may not consider that person to be a God, if you call on a saint, you know, while he wherever you call on him or her, and you believe that they can do something for you that act of calling is an act of worship. And that's why we say that that individual becomes a god besides the law, though you may not consider them to be a God
will never call it any god besides him.
They affirmed in that allows unity of
worship, this is what we call our heated loo here, that's their statement of the heated UI I will not call on anyone besides the law. And when they use the term Our Lord, they were affirming to our heater rubia that the law is the robber, the Lord, the one who is the creator, maintainer Sustainer of the universe.
If we did, we would indeed have uttered an enormous deviance. The sentence is emphasized by three elements in the verse itself,
where they use the term land never,
not that we will not do it, but we will never do it. And
when they they said, laqad, this term in Arabic is a particle of emphasis, as well as
the there is in it an oath when we say law, there is an oath in it.
I shall Titi note that this noble verse clearly indicated that whoever attributes another god, his partner to the Creator of the heavens and earth, has come with something far deviated from the truth, something involving the ultimate in falsehood, beyond acceptable bounds, because the one who deserves worship is the one who brought creation into existence from non existence, because one unable to create others besides itself, is itself created, and in need of a creator, to create it, nourish it, and to run its affairs. And the meaning. indicated in this verse is also found in a number of other verses in the Quran in surah, Baqarah, verse 22, where law says, who has made the
earth a resting place for you and the sky a canopy, sent down rain from the sky from what you produce fruits as provision for you. So do not knowingly set up rivals with a law also, and so on the halvor 17 for my common law, look, I follow the Quran
is he will create like one who does not Will you not then reflect?
Or in Surah rod, verse 16? Or do they assign partners to Allah Who created something like his creation, so that the creation seems identical to them say, Allah is the Creator of all things, he is the one irresistible, you know, stressing the importance that to call on anyone who has not created in this world is pointless, because they don't have the ability even to control themselves. The one who created them is the one who control them and has power over them. So to call on them Mr. Call and those who can neither help us, nor benefit us or protect us from harm.
They use boldly boldly challenge the false beliefs of their people. The prophet SAW Selim was reported Bible side and Audrey to have said, of the little jihadi kenema to add Lin, and the suntan ninja air. Amir in gyre, the greatest jihad is speaking the truth in front of a tyrant.
That that's what they were doing at the time, you know, because the professor selama told us that if we see evil, we should stop it with our hands. And if you're not able to stop it with your hands, then you speak out against it. Of course, they were not in a position being young people in a society they're not in a position to oppose it physically. They didn't have control over the society or an element of the society that so that they could with their command, stop it. So they did the next best thing which was to speak out against the evil
existed in the society. And this is of course, the quality for which our last one that Allah has praised the Muslim nation. You are the best of peoples ever raised up for humankind you enjoyed the good forbid the evil and believe in a law that's rallying around verse 110. You know, this is what Allah, identified as the distinguishing characteristics of the Muslim nation, Muslim being that we are believers in a law. That's what makes us the Muslim nation. But what makes us outstanding, and the best of nations is the fact that we command the good and prohibit the evil.
It is essential that Muslims realize is very important aspect of Islamic politics, especially in these times when the enemies of Islam are openly attacking Muslims, using a variety of different guises to hide their real intentions. And some Muslims are responding using illegitimate means we command the good and evil. On one hand, Muslims must oppose the evil forces trying to eradicate the Sharia, and to replace it with secularism, democratic or otherwise. And at the same time, they must oppose excessive and Islamic methods of resistance used by some of those claiming to defend the Muslim nation. So we are not partisan, meaning whatever Muslims do in the name of Islam, we support
them. But we speak out against the evil of the societies around us know if Muslims who claim to be defending the Muslim nation, use illegitimate means, where they're killing innocent people, you know, blowing up hospitals, or,
you know, supermarkets, these kind of things. We also have to oppose it. But of course, while while we may oppose it, we do clarify what has driven Muslims to do this. And also, it's not just blind opposition, you just say we're opposed to it. This is wrong. 100% Yes, it is wrong. But we need to also look at what drove people to do this.
It's worth noting that although young people tend to be rebellious and unflinching in their stand for what they think is right, at the same time, they tend to be easily influenced by their peer groups, and their opinions may change radically in order to conform to their companions. For therefore reported that the prophet SAW Selamat said, lots of who knew Mr.
Taku Luna in absent anass Asana or in Bala Mo, la la la, la la kin, what a new emphasis in action and NASA and to see new ASR fall out of limbo. Do not be impressionable saying, if people are righteous, we will also be righteous, and if they are bad, we'll also be bad. Instead accustom yourself to be righteous if people are righteous, and not to be bad if they're evil, right, this is the tendency for people, especially young people, and it carries on into old age to that where everybody around you is doing good. It's easy to get along with them. But when people start doing bad and they're getting away with it, not if they're doing bad and getting caught, right? If they're
doing bad and getting away, that's what that's referring to, you're doing bad and getting away with it, then you start to question what's the point of being good? You know, I'm not getting the benefits of these people doing better getting, so we tend to want to go along with people. Whereas the prophet SAW Selim said this quality is not one of the believers in MMA, you know, that which whichever way people go, you go, No, the Muslim personality should be clear and firm and steady we have principles that we live by, regardless of whether times are good or times are bad.
And this principle can be clearly seen in many instructions, which allows us lm gift to distinguish Muslims from non Muslims, whether it is growing the beard and trimming the mustache, or fasting a day before or after the father of Ashura and so on. From saw Salaam in a number of occasions told us distinguish itself from the disbelievers. Even for example, wearing a cap with a turban as well. He specifically said he didn't prescribe wearing a cap in and of itself. But he said if you wear turbans wear a cap under your turbans to distinguish yourself from the pagans because the custom of wearing a turban everybody did it. Right so turban is not specifically Islamic. Everybody was
wearing a turban, but wearing a cap on the a turban. This was the distinguishing characteristic.
Verse 15, how will I
mean dooney he Alia Lola tuna la him the Sultan in Beijing from an Avalon manufacturer alloy caliber. These people of ours have adopted other gods besides him. Why do they not bring authority for what they have done?
Who does a greater wrong than the one who invents a lie against a law?
olufemi mentioned that this statement is a statement of the use.
And it was used to explain the reason for isolating themselves from their people.
A shanty T. He noted that the request in their statement, why do they not bring authority for what they've done was a challenge to do the impossible, because it is well known that no one can produce clear proof and authority permitting worship of other than Allah the Almighty. The challenge which Allah mentioned in these noble verses, to the disbelievers to produce evidence for their idolatry, and this belief is clarified in many other verses in the Quran. We can find in Surah Al anon. For example, verse 148, Allah says there say, Have you any knowledge that you can produce before us? Indeed, you only follow guesswork, and you are liars. And in Surah Lakoff, verse four, say, do you
know what you call on besides the law? Show me what they have created on earth? Or do you have a share? And do they have a share in the creation of the heavens? Bring me a scripture revealed before this one or some trace of knowledge in support of your claims if you are truthful.
These are many there are many such verses indicating that the pagans have no basis for their idolatry beyond the blind following of their misguided forefathers.
And who does a greater wrong than the one who invents ally against the law or before looking at that, we could even mention that
even in the case of for example, Hinduism, where one goes into the ancient scriptures of the Hindus, you know, the Vedas, etc, you will find that the Vedas called people to worship without idolatry. They're even statements in the Vedas against idolatry. Similarly, if we look at Christianity Today, though Christians worship Jesus was become for them virtually an idol. If we look in the text of the Old Testament and the New Testament, in spite of the changes that have taken place, there are clear commands to worshiping one God alone. So there is no real support. And that's why I commonly where one is giving Dawa to Christians, you know, have Christians come and tell us that, you know, Jesus
is the Son of God. For example, we asked him to show us a statement in their texts where Jesus said this, because of course, even in spite of the distortion, you will not find anywhere in the gospels where Jesus Himself said, I am the Son of God. In fact, in the gospels, you have him repeating, continually, I am the Son of Man. And in another chapter in the, in the Bible numbers called Numbers, chapter 23, verse 19, it states there, that God is neither a man nor a son of man, so you can just take them back. Look, in your old testament, what does it say about being the son of man, so Jesus could not possibly have been God?
And who does a greater wrong than he who invents a lie against a law?
This means that inventing lies against the law by giving him partners is the greatest sin
that one can possibly commit. And this has been mentioned clearly in many other verses in the Quran. You can find in Surah, Zuma, verse 32, then who does more wrong than one who lies against the law and denies the truth when it comes to him? If there is not in Hell is there not inhale and abode for the disbelievers and also in sort of who would reverse 18 and who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against a law such will be brought before their Lord? And witnesses will say these are the ones who lied against their Lord. No doubt the curse of a law is on the wrongdoers.
And what they mean
brought another verse from Surah Al Baqarah. Were in a law says they're women of law minimum men and massage the law he was cut off he has moved wasafi Harada una cama Candela Khomeini in Hong Fei in the home for dunya his young, while a home full
of him, and who does more wrong than those who forbid that the laws name be glorified and mentioned much in laws, mosques and strives for their ruin. It is not befitting that such
should themselves enter them except in fear for them is a disgrace in this world, and they will have a great torment in the hereafter. So what you have here is another verse in the Quran. This is called Baqarah verse 114, where a law says
there and who is more wrong than the one who forbid those who forbid that allows name be glorified and mentioned in the laws musks there's none worse.
None more evil than the one who prohibits the mentioning of a last name in the mosque. But we just said before that
the other verses, there are other verses that we just looked at where a law said, and who does a greater wrong than the one who invents a lie against the law. So there appears here to be a contradiction. This is one of the contradictions that Christians like to raise, you know, about the Quran saying that the Quran, in fact does have many contradictions.
However, we should look at the context of these two statements in the first
this verse we just mentioned, from swell, Bukhara, this verse addresses the worst wrong in the category of prevention, of remembrance of a last name, while the previous verse, that is one invents a lie against a law, that is the worst wrong in terms of lying, meaning that if you lied about somebody that's wrong, if you lied about somebody important, so your lie is going to affect that person's work that's even greater wrong. So naturally, if you lie about the law, that's the greatest possible wrong, right. So in the category of lying, that is the worst possible thing you could do in lying in the category of preventing people from remembering the last name, you could present them in
your home, you could prevent them, you know, in a gathering, or you could prevent them in the mosque. That is the worst possible thing you could do with regards to preventing. So they're talking about two different categories. So we don't put them together and say a last punch addicting himself here. He said, The worst wrong is this one. He said, The worst wrong is that one. Okay.
Of course, when we talk about lies against the law, in our times, the greatest lie against the law, is the fear is the theory of evolution. Darwin's theory of evolution in our time, this is one of the greatest lies against the law, because it is a theory used to negate the laws existence, explaining away how things exist without having to resort to God. So with it, people have taken it back, maybe Darwin didn't say all of that, but people have worked on that theory. And it's become a theory basically, to deny God's existence. So of course, that is, of course, one of the greatest possible lies. And of course, what we can point out here too, is that when people raise the issue of Mother
Teresa, you know, Mother Teresa, she did all this good. You know, and she just had in the view of Muslims.
This one small error, that's all they put it one small error, which is that she didn't believe in Allah as one God, right, and that she believed that he had a son was Jesus, etc. This is a small thing in comparison to her whole life that she dedicated in Calcutta to doing good for the needy, the lepers and all these different things. But the point is, the law said that one small thing which they consider to be small, a law said, there is no greater evil.
You know, that is the greatest of evil, to invent a lie against the law to propagate this lie. You know, because it what it has done is, Oh, she has done much good in terms of alleviating the suffering of people around her physical suffering. She has, you know, by propagating her beliefs, destroyed their future,
isn't it the spiritual suffering that she has put on them in the life to come is far greater and far outweighs the
evil that they were faced with in this life? You understand? So it's a it's a question of what scale Are you going to put our deeds on?
Well, when they come out with their new home, why am I abouna illa law for nL caphyon sure lakum rabuka miramonti are you Hi, I'm Rico, Morocco. And when you turn away from them, and the things that they worship besides the law, take yourselves to the cave. Your Lord was shower His mercies on you, and dispose of your affairs and comfort and ease
with me and said that this verse was a statement of the youth among themselves meaning since you've isolated yourself from the people go to the cave. The cave here would refer to either a cane which was known to them that had been there previously, or it was a cave which would protect them from the enemies. Your Lord would shower His mercies on you and display
Have your affairs with comfort and ease. Meaning that if you do that alone will make your situation easier. Because the problems are Solomon said, Man, Tara cache and lillah Allahu la Heron Minh who, whoever gives up something for the sake of a law, he will replace it with something better.
We also have a narration from the bass lesson in which he said, whoever gives up the wearing of expensive fancy clothes out of humility to a law, while is able to acquire it,
it will, he will be called by a law on the Day of Resurrection in front of the creation, and be allowed to choose which jewels of the people of faith, he wished to wear.
This principle of giving up some of the things of this life, you know, whether it is something we desire,
which would provide comfort for us in this life. And this is one of the big, big tests that we're faced with is is in the area of interest, you know, where we're involved in so many projects and things that are around us in society involve interest. So people fall into dealing an interest in rebar, you know, because they don't have the patience to give up. Some of those desirable things live a life may be a bit more difficult, but at least we know that life is pleasing to a law. So this idea that if we give up that advantage, that apparent advantage that allow will replace to something better. And that's why the argument that people make, well, if I buy the house with rebar
with insurance or an interest, then I pay interest on a monthly basis. At the end of the year, I have something but if I just pay rent, it's just going down the tubes, I'm losing it. It's not coming back. It's a waste. So at the end of the year, I have nothing. But this is where we said yes, apparently you do have a house, which you partially owned because you've paid interest on it. But the reality is it's a cursed house allows curses on it. Yeah, I'm Hopalong Riba. Allah has taken out any blessings from interest.
Whereas the money which you have given in rent, which didn't give you property at the end of the year, a law has increased that multiplied it. So on the Day of Judgment, it comes to you all as good deeds.
Allah noted regarding those who emigrate for a sake is in Surah, Nisa, verse 100, when Mahajan, feasibility law, he fell out of the Moraga man, Cathy rasa, whoever emigrates in the cause of a law will find on earth many dwelling places and plenty to live by.
You give up your place
to go to another place where you can better practice Islam for the sake of Allah, then Allah will provide a way for you, you know, when I just recently came back from India, and we're talking about the situation of Muslims in Madras and these type of things, you know, in different parts of India, we talked about the need really of Muslims to congregate in a Muslims living in scattered lives, where there's great danger, and we'll talk about that a bit more.
But the idea of
emigrating to a part of the city, because you don't necessarily emigrate means you have to leave the whole city, for example, but to choose a part of the city, give up your home where you're living and move to that part. See, for a lot of people that couldn't do this, you know, because this is the home that we've always lived in, you know, to give this one up, and to try and find another one is so much more difficult than this kind of thing. But so people have all these excuses. You know, same thing in the West, when I go to the UK when I go to Canada, etc. And I always tried to lecture people or remind them about the need for hedra they need to move out of the situation they're in
into two areas where Muslims are concentrated for the sake of Allah, you know, but again, people are just caught on hung hanging on to their, to their initial places they feel it's going to be difficult. Of course, you know, the issue of Hydra requires some sacrifice. a sham PT said that this verse indicates that the abandonment of the believers of their disbelieving people and their idols is one of the causes of a loss, gentleness and mercy for them. This meaning is also indicated in a law mighty statement regarding Prophet Abraham may lost Peace and blessings beyond him and on our Prophet, I will turn away from you and those whom you call besides the law, and I will call on my
Lord and I hope that I will not be unblessed in my invocations to my Lord. So when he turned away from them, and those who they worship besides the law, I gave him
Isaac, and Jacob and I made each one of them a prophet, and I bestowed on them My Mercy and granted them honor on the tongues of all the nations. This the same principle, he abandons his people Prophet Abraham because people were worshipping false gods. He, he declared his innocence from them and made the sacrifice set out on his own. And Allah blessed him to be the father of a nation of prophets.
The concept of use abandoning and adulterous and oppressive society and hiding in order to practice the true religion is known in Islam as
what is called
which is migration or immigration headdresses are term Hydra and this this is a very basic principle in Islam This is it is so basic so important that Omar Abdel hottub the second righteous Calif, he dated the calendar of Muslims because the issue of dates and calendar came up in his time
where to start from the birth of Prophet masala Well, that's what they did for Jesus, isn't it the Christians, Christian nation, the Romans they started from the time of Christ supposedly, right?
for Muslims, and that's why also we should be careful to you not to use the phrase ad, commonly you will see when they want to indicate before the time of Christ they use BC, okay, which is before Christ bc that works okay. But ad Some people think it means after death, but it doesn't mean after death. Ad comes from Anno Domini is the two Latin words which means the in the year of our Lord. So basically what you're saying is
from the time when God was born, it is that debt after that time,
so ad is not an acceptable
representation for the time after Christ. More properly, they use other terms See, you will find this in the dictionary also means Christian error or common error. It is better to use this instead. Anyway, I already know how you know how to find the point for the calendar because the nation had grown. They were needed to keep track of time and these kind of things on a level that didn't exist in the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So at that time, he chose the Hydra.
It was he who designated the Hydra to be the beginning point for date for Muslim history.
Anyway, we find the command for hidrive in the Quran in surah An Nisa verse 97. is a verse worth reading by each and every one of us. In it The law says in alladhina, Toa fragomen melodica to volley Me and footsy him kalu FEMA quantum Aluko na mustafina fill out indeed the angels will ask those who they cause to die while they're oppressing themselves, in what state where you
follow Allah. They will reply, we were weak and oppressed in the land. Paulo alum token out of the law he was for to Haji roofie ha for Allah, wa Hoon, jahannam, wasa masirah, the angels will respond wasn't a lost Earth spacious enough for you to emigrate, such people will find their abode in hell. What an evil destination.
Very, very serious statement here, the consequence of not making hedra is held.
The bandsaw Salam also confirmed the statement in the well known Hadith and intention, but he added the principle of intention behind it, you know, that he draw this is an obligation but the intention is going to determine whether you're rewarded for it or not. As long as I said and said in Melbourne yet are in demand equilibrium Anwar from uncanny Jota who in a law in a in a law he was fully for Canada to the law was fully when woman can hit you up to that dunya you Cebu ha I will. I will. I am m ruthenian que hora for hiroto a llama hajra la.
Surely, actions are according to their intentions, and everyone will be rewarded according to his intention. Thus, one who is migration was for a lion is messenger. He will be Mike who will be rewarded as for having migration for law and His Messenger
and one who's migration was for marrying a woman for marriage or some other worldly benefit, then that's what his migration would be considered for 100 to the city of Medina during the lifetime was also made obligatory. Consequently, once Mecca was liberated from idolatry, migration to Medina was no longer obligatory.
It is in this context of the prophet SAW Selim said, la hedger wrote about the fact he were lacking Jihad Rania with a stone was destined for a tomb. From Pharaoh Western film from Pharaoh, there is no hidrive to the conquest of Mecca. Instead, there remains Jihad an intention if you're a call to arms respond.
So as we said, he drove to the city of Medina, which was obligatory in the privacy sands lifetime. Once MIT Medina was liberated than Hitler, there was no longer requirement. That's why he said there is no hijra after alpha, meaning the conquest of Mecca. However, the general principle of his role remains until the last day we have in a hadith narrated by muawiya the prophet SAW Solomon said Latin Latin control Hydra hatherton Katya, October vallotton Katya October had to do a sham zoom in Marathi Bihar, Maui reported a loss messenger se Hendra will not end until repentance ends and repentance will not end until the sun rises in the West. That is one of the signs and major signs of
the last day.
Most Muslims are obliged to emigrate from environments dominated by the disbelievers. Furthermore, the messenger sallallahu Sallam prohibited living among non Muslims and socializing with them. Jerry ribbon Abdullah related that allows messenger center detachment to the half tribe and from from among them, there were some Muslims who they prostrated to show and to indicate to people that they were Muslims to those to the companions, the company that was attacking the half tribe. But the people moved quickly didn't catch didn't realize that and ended up killing Muslims, these Muslims who happen to be living amongst a tribe of pagans, when the news of that reached the prophet SAW
Selim instructed that half the value of the standard compensation be given for them and he said,
and our very own men coolly Muslim men up Medina averell mushrikeen.
I'm innocent of every Muslim who lives among idolaters and the companions ask them Oh, messenger of Allah, why? He said,
lateral lateral area narrow, narrow Houma, la narrow Houma. They should not see each other's fires,
that they shouldn't be so close, meaning your neighbors to the right to the left and the front in the back should not be non Muslims. You should have Muslims around you. It's not to say that of course you're living in India 200 million Muslims amongst you know, 800 million Hindus. Okay. So what do you do here? Well, it doesn't mean Muslims cannot live in that land. But in the areas where the Muslims live, they should not be they should not each individual should not be surrounded by non Muslims your neighbors should be Muslims. Another narration seldom has said as narrated by summerhaven Jindo, not to Sargon and machinic even without to join me room for Mansa Khanna whom
ojama whom for whom Miss loom, do not live among the isolators and do not fraternize with them. Whoever lives among them or fraternizing with them is similar to them. And yet another narration
from basically the same meaning, okay, so the
fraternizing meaning you take them as your best friends, you're close to them, even, you know, involved in their activities, they're mixed up with yours. So you find Muslims, you know, inviting non Muslims, to their various gatherings, just for social purposes, not for Tao or anything like this. So you even find, they become so close with non Muslims, that non Muslims will invite them for Iftar parties, for example, through Ramadan, the idea, you know, of Muslims being invited by non Muslims for our party, this is where your socialization has reached the level where the meaning of fasting and that is lost. Now, it's just a social thing, you know, and this is why you find in
again, from my visit to India, you find in the major shrines there, you know, shrines of so called Muslim saints like edgemere, etc, you know, you will find Muslims making tawaf around the grave of you know, the saint, so called Muslim said, and they will be joined by Sikhs and Hindus and others, you know, because it's, you know, this is a holy man, you know, and then when you go to the, to the graves of the Hindu saints, you know, you'll find Muslims they're making tawaf also, you know,
and they have this in this individual, well known a
televangelists from the States Benny Hinn coming to India. No and he is coming to Bangalore and millions are expected to to attend his his faith healing, you know, preaching business and as in Bombay, there are many Muslims among them with this is what happens when Muslims become no fraternize to the point where they can't even distinguish really what is Islam what is not Islam. Anyway, the principle the essence of Hydra, is the abandonment of evil in all of its forms. As a result, even one who lives in the midst of Muslims, is required to apply the principle of Hydra prophesize lm said, Al Muslim men Solomon Muslim woman, listen Eva de well, Mohan Giroux, man ha
germana Allahu anhu.
The Muslim is one from whose tongue and hand Muslims are safe. And the true immigrant, the true person making hedra is one who abandons what Allah has forbidden.
So the concept of hedra It begins with the individual in his heart, that he or she abandons what the law is prohibited. And then having that established in the heart, it will also affect their family and their community, their environment, they will want to be elsewhere. And the situation where Muslims today now are, you know, emigrating to the lands of this believers, as was something in the past which was unthinkable that Muslims would emigrate to
lands controlled by the disbeliever. And as and as such means that they would have difficulty practicing their Islam. And in fact, there would be generations that would be lost to Islam. So you know, today you have the head of the American army, for example, fighting in Iraq. His name is what
Yeah, Abizaid, you know, that's his family name. First Name is now john, right? You have the famous singer amongst the in America, Paula Abdul, you know, so that's what happens. That's what happens, generations go, and people are lost.
regarding the use of seclusion, even Kathy had said, This is what is prescribed in the Sharia. during times of trial and persecution, personal fears for his religion should flee from his persecutors. As was reported by the Prophet Solomon in a narration, which he said, a time will soon come to people in which the best wealth of a Muslim will be sheep, which he herds on the mountaintops, and places where it rains fleeing from persecution for the sake of his religion. In such cases, it's allowed to seclude oneself from people, but this is not prescribed in any other case, because of because such seclusion
causes one to lose the benefits of daily congregational prayer, and Friday congregational prayers, these young men were determined to flee from their people, and a lot of decreed that for them.
And when and he says about them, and when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship except the law besides the law, meaning when you depart from them and follow a different religion, opposing their worship, the worship of others besides the law, then separate from them in a physical sense also. So the separation the abandonment, the hijra, is both on a spiritual level, as well as on a physical level.
And this situation, of course, you know, we find it in different places in the Quran. We find it also in the case of Prophet Muhammad wa sallam, when he hid in the cave known as Thor, with Abu Bakar during the time of the Hydra, and Abu Bakar became worried, you know that people would see them, and the professor Sallam told him, oh, Abubakar, what do you think of two who have allies their third, and allies said in Surah Toba if you do not tell him, Indeed, Allah helped him when the disbelievers drove him out. He was the second of the two. When they were in the cave, he said to his companion, do not grieve indeed allies with us. When Allah sent down this tranquility upon him, and
strengthened him with forces which you did not see. He lowered the word of those who disbelieved. And the word of Allah was elevated and lies Almighty, all wise. And as pointed out by shot at, actually the story of the cave is far greater and more wondrous, and that of the people of the cave. But it's the same situation where people take themselves for the sake of a law into seclusion, abandoning
the disbelieving society that allow will come to their aid, and we need to put aside you know, as many people in India today, you know, caught up with this idea
You don't want to leave the area where you are. But it is a necessity for the future Islam is to take hold and really take root there, that Muslims have to create true Islamic communities, you know, and where Muslims are concentrated, they need to gravitate, emigrate to those areas and strengthen those areas.
So that is as far as we're able to go today, we'll stop at this. This is
up to verse
16. Now, so we'll stop here, and continue inshallah with verse 17. Next week, do you have any questions?
So far, and what we've covered?
Go ahead, brother.
Other was giving an example from the end of this surah? You know, where a law says, shall I inform you of those who have the greatest loss in this life whose life is the most lost? Those who think they were doing good? right in their actions, they're out doing good. But in fact, you know, Allah has no reward for their deeds, yes, this could be added, I mean, they will be rewarded but rewarded in this life.
Then regarding, you know, people are living in non Muslims lands, but due to commitments that they have to parents and properties and things they, they claim, they're not able to give this up? Well, the thing is, and I've heard this case, many times where, you know, people may want to make the hit job, but their parents don't want to leave the country. You know, so you say what, I'm between my obligation to my parents and my obligation to my religion? What do you do in that circumstance? Well, in that circumstance, you have to go, you go, you tell your parents, you know, we want you to come with us. But if they don't want to come they prefer to stay there. Should you stay there? And,
you know, expose your children who are coming up to being destroyed by that society? I mean, we have to weigh something here. Is it the greater evil to leave your parents behind? You know, of course, I mean, this is where parents able to take care of themselves, right? Is it a greater evil, to leave them behind in that country, and go to a country for the sake of your family and raising islamically? Or, you know, should you give that up and stay with your parents, and we do have duties and responsibilities to parents. But in this case, where your children are coming up, you are responsible to them, and there's a whole generation to come, you know, so in this case, here, it
would be preferable for you to make that hedra, try to go back and see them and try to continue to encourage them and try to ask, you know, others to help to dissuade them from staying in the country. But I mean, private, initially, as a law said, you know, for the believers, cool and fusa, como la coonara, save yourselves and your family from the hellfire. And of course yourself, your immediate family is your wife and children, and then your parents, etc, etc. So if you can save them from destruction, then you save them. I mean, it's like you're on a ship that's, you know, burning and sinking in the water. And you know, you've got a lifeboat out there and say, Come, let's go into
lifeboat but your parents? No, no, we like it in the cabin. Here. It's very comfortable. Hey, what do you got to do?
We've tried to encourage you as best we could. But after that, then we have to go try to save ourselves.
First question concerning immigration, what do we do when we find difficulty in immigrating For example, here to utter in some other countries, you know, it's just not so easy. You can just come and say, I'm a Muslim, I want to immigrate, give me a place to stay. So it doesn't work like that. Right? I mean, it should work like that. But it doesn't work like that. So what do you do? Well, then if you can get in here, you try to find some other place. You know, you look, you see what I mean? Don't say well, okay, I tried to hire couldn't get in America. No, this is, you know, you don't jump from this one automatically to the to the next level. And I mean, it's better for you to
stay in your home country, if that if it came down to that rather than exposing yourself to life in the West. So, if there are stages, we take the lesser and the lesser of evils, you know, we before we go to the greatest evil, the second point,
that the reward for intention is,
If you have an action with it, then the reward for the intention by itself, well, of course, Professor sentiment said whoever intends a good deed.
And doesn't do it. They get one reward.
Whoever intends a good deed and does it. That deed is multiplied 10 times. So that's the clear evidence for it. In terms of the other the somebody asked that the reverse in which there was an apparent contradiction
be mentioned from Al Baqarah.
Through my notes here now,
that was verse 114, from Al Baqarah. And this was in comparison to the
statement in the
verse 15, you know, regarding
that there's nothing worse than one who tells a lie about the law.
And there was also a reference was, which was asked for from Surah tober? I don't know if you're making note of the Yeah, I don't I don't know.
the notes will be available.
Later, you can check with the
one who's asking about sutopo, I will pass my notes on to a wife who's handling the questioning on the women's side, and she will get the detail for you inshallah. Any other questions or comments, whether it's suggesting that in dealing with Mother Teresa's issue, we could look at it from the perspective of the rights of Allah Walker law, and the rights of the creation, how can a bad, you know that the rights of a law could be forgiven? But the rights of human beings are not forgiven? This is unforgivable? Well, actually, this would not be applicable. Because this would imply that a law could just forgive Mother Teresa, you know, for her shook, you know, whereas, you know, whatever
she did for people, you know, if she missed, did something wrong to them? Well, you know, they're not gonna forgive her. You know, law can't forgive it. That's really in dealing with believers. Where as a believer, if you do a sin, which involves the rights of a law, and you didn't ask for forgiveness from Allah, it is possible for a law to forgive it. But if you did a sin regarding the love and the rights of other human beings, a law will not himself forgive it. It will be it will be the right of that human being to take from your good deeds to replace it on the Day of Judgment. Right. So this is that's where that issue of Coca Cola and Coca Cola bad come up. Because here, what
is only what the only thing that is applicable in her case, is where a law said that there's no sin greater than shirk. This is what is applicable for a situation. There's no thing that's the only unforgivable sin. Allah will forgive all the sins except for that one. So that is why her situation is so critical. And of course, Allah knows we can't really say she's in hell. We don't have the authority to say that. But if she died in that belief, then we can say that those who do that end up in hell. We'll stop here now for selasa panicle over