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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Karim. Allah Allah was Hobie womanist and nevison at Roma Deen operates due to a law in Milan peace and blessings be on the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam none all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.
Today, we begin the tafsir of surah and calf the 18th chapter of the Quran. We finished prior to Ramadan, the Tafseer of surah broj. And I'd like to just mention to you before we actually begin the tafsir, that from tomorrow onwards, and every Saturday, there will also be a class on Al Qaeda, specifically, a book called The Akita or creed of the victorious saved set, and this was
done by even an animated hakomi and this will be presented by Shahab rove Shakur will be an Akita every Saturday, the Tafseer will continue every Friday.
the other point that I just like to request from you, one of you who has the
the know how to scan the tafsir of Ibn katheer, which we have in English, the tafsir ibn katheer for surah Alka have to scan this information, just delete the Arabic because it won't recognize the Arabic right and then prepare it as a text which we can print copies and provide for everybody. So at least you will have in your hands, the basic tafsir of Ibn katheer
Okay, whatever, whoever can pick it up, get it to me in a form that we can make copies so that next week everybody will have in their hands a copy of the tough serum of nicaea for this chapter, we will be using replica fear, but we will also be using shake loose a means Tafseer he has a specific Tafseer which was done in this on this chapter in Arabic, as well as that of it no claim, no claim step series have been gathered by in two sources by scholars, Western scholars, and as well as the Tafseer of avenal. Josie
called tafsir al menar. And we also will be using the Tafseer of a show Kenny
and, and Sadie is are the main tough series that we'll be using for this chapter.
Now Surah alkaff
the name calf means basically cave and it occurs in the ninth verse of the chapter, where a lot refers to individuals who ended up in a cave and the story of it we'll look at later as as hub alkaff
or the people or companions of the cave.
it should be noted that this name the cave
is a name which was agreed upon
sometime after the passing of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
Like many of the names of the Quran, Quranic chapters, the names were not revealed as an important point to keep in mind why? Because you may find yourself in a situation where somebody shows you two copies of the Quran printed in different locations or locations were in one surah the ninth surah is called a Toba and then the other one is called Bara or
and there are a number of other chapters where you will find certain discrepancies like this because the titles of the chapters were agreed upon, as I said by the Sahaba by others scholars and others who put the Quran
wouldn't say put the Quran
in the form that it is today the form that we know it today where it has been.
The text has been
improved for readers. The original text you know, had no fat haka swadharma.
The original texts did not have endings of verses, nor numbers of verses. Right? The chapters just went from one to the other. And the only way you would know a new chapter was Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. And that's why the majority of scholars hold that that is not actually a verse from the Quran, but only a divider to indicate the ending of a chapter and the beginning of the next, right, so that you realize these names were coined by others after the time of the Prophet himself Salaam. with some exceptions, of course, there are some chapters where the prophet SAW Selim himself referred to it as Surah Al Baqarah, for example, or he referred to Al Fatiha that we know as
fachhochschule Kitab or surah Alhamdulilah, right in different names were used for it. So, we should know this and know that actually, in the third century, when these symbols and things started to be added to the Quran, there were scholars who opposed it actually the majority of scholars of the time oppose this practice of writing in those symbols we know now see time line, you know, which means you should continue reading or stop here or whatever all these kind of symbols and the numbers of the verses endings indicating endings of verses symbols indicating the endings, putting the numbers in these type of things, they oppose it. And they based it actually on
the statement of interest, one of the scholars call Allah Halimi, and he had said writing in the 10th, the fifth names of the chapters, the numbers of verses are all despised, based on Libin was rude statement free the Quran from any additions.
However, vowel marks that's the Fatah, Castro Dhamma are allowed because they do not have a form similar to that of the text of the grant. And there are only necessary indications of correct pronunciation and their presence does no harm. right because even the fact Hardcastle Dharma was added in the time of Ali, the Calif fourth Calif, Allahu anhu. by Abu lasota, Dolly is the one who added these vowel marks. And that basically was necessary for people for whom Arabic was not their native language, it will be reading the Arabic text, and if not being the native language, would not necessarily understand the full meaning initially, or maybe not understand the meaning at all. And
so by reading it without knowing where to stop, when to stop these type of things, you know, the meanings can change. And actually, we're going to see that in one of the writing the first verse, where the importance of stopping at a certain point in the reading, to maintain the meaning.
Anyway, in terms of where this sort of was revealed, the majority of scholars consider that it was revealed in Makkah, and it was a meccan surah. However, some scholars based on statements from a banach bass and you know, others among the tabea, enough patata and McCartan, they did hold that the first eight verses, verse 28, and verses 107 to 110.
We're also we're Medina and verses.
Right? The majority of the Surah Surah in general was the meccan surah. But there were some verses which were from the Medina and period. And as you know, the verses of the Quran have been divided into Mecca and Medina.
For the purpose of analysis, and understanding the Quran, effectively scholars divided them into two categories. mechon versus being those that revealed to the prophet SAW Selim before his immigration to his emigration to Medina,
no matter where they were revealed, some of them were revealed in life, but it was before the Hydra. So they're called Mexican versus those received revealed after the Hydra, whether they're revealed in Mina, or revealed outside of Medina, they're all called Medina in verses. And as I said, this is for the purpose of analyzing the clans, meaning it aids in the Tafseer of the Quran, knowing where the verses are mechana Medina, and especially where you come to things like laws, which were revealed, gradually, not knowing what order in which they were revealed, can
give a misunderstanding as to what the final instructions were. Also, knowing the period in which versus reveal gives us an idea for our purposes. You know, what methods were used in the early stages, what group methods were used in the later stages and the problems are seldom stop
Because the Quran does record a good portion of the prophet SAW celebs biography.
Now, even considering this stuff here he mentions a reason for the revelation of this verse
and it is quite an extensive story. However, the story is not authentic. It is narrated by Venus Hawk in his
life of the Prophet Salaam. However, the person from whom he narrated the story is unknown, and maybe mishap was not considered among those scholars who, if he did not mention the name of who he narrated it from, he could still be relied upon from for having taken it from somebody reliable. So his narration is considered to be not authentic. So the story you know about the Jews asking him three questions telling the the pagans to ask him three questions. If he answers them, then it means is the Prophet If he doesn't, it's a commonly quoted story, you'll find it in most of the books of Sierra torito. The prophet SAW salams life, but it is not authentic.
In terms of the
It is a popular surah amongst muslims for a variety of different reasons. It has certain virtues which the prophet SAW Selim has attributed to them,
to the surah. And there are some virtues which are commonly known amongst people which are not authentic, we will just look at what is authentic, whatever else outside of what I mentioned, is that you've heard and in different parts of the Muslim world, they have different stories. So a calf is used for a variety of different things. But what it is supposed to be used for the purpose of Solomon's clearly defined for us and we should restrict ourselves to what he has guided us to.
When the Quran is recited,
tranquility descends on those who recited
almara was quoted as saying, that a man recited in calf,
when an animal was in his house and it became agitated. When he looked around, he found a cloud hovering over him, when he informed the last messenger the prophet SAW, Selim said
also on so continue to recite, for it was tranquility or Sakina, the term used which descends when the Quran is read, or because the Quran is read. So the reading of the Quran causes the descent of Sakina, which a lot speaks about, which means tranquility or peace.
In a number of verses in the Quran, where Allah talks about supporting the believers at different points, in their trials in their lives, whatever with this Sakina or this tranquility gives them a sense of calmness and ability to bear and to deal with problems and issues. And this makes soil cough
as a part of the Quran as a whole, a source of tranquility in our lives.
And of course, this calmness would only be experienced by those who read the Quran properly, meaning they read it with understanding, not just reading the letters, and not understanding what they're reading.
And also, it should be done with sincerity. So, understanding is one step.
But also sincerity in one's reading is another very important step. Because one may understand the Quran fine, but we are reading it as a ritual
then the benefit is minimum.
The second virtue of reading soil calf is that it is protection from the job.
The job being the Antichrist, one of the signs of the last day when the MACD would come and rule the world After establishing justice, peace throughout the earth, then an evil time would come after, during his the ending of his rule, where the Zhao the Antichrist would appear, and he would create great fitna over the earth, and the mighty and his followers would be
more or less barricaded in Palestine. And at that point, the Prophet Isa would come
and he would defeat the digital or the Antichrist. Well, the prophet SAW Selim had said
anyone who memorizes the first 10 verses of soil calf will be protected from the jail man
Half the Ashura I mean hourly Surah tilka have awesome Amina de jan.
And he also said anyone who recites the last 10 verses of alkaff will be protected from the trials of the john mancora Asha is in an accident, calf, or Sima mean fitness in general.
So, the memorization of the first 10 verses, presentation of the last 10 verses,
for those who find themselves in the time of the gel is protection for them from the gel. So it's of course, meaning it's very important for us to learn it to read it.
The third merit of this chapter is that it is a source of light
or dark code to the promise of Salah saying, Man Cora Surah Al Kahf Veoma. Juma Allah Allahu Mina Nuri Medina who were buying the Juma attain, whoever recites who are in Caf on Friday, will be illuminated by its light from one Friday to the next. And this is why we have the common practice of reciting soiled calf on Friday night in particular.
And another narration
I would echo to the prophet SAW Selim is saying, Man karasuma tell calf come out Wednesday that cannot live who knew run Yeoman qiyamah. Whoever recites will carve, as it was revealed, will have it as light for himself on the Day of Resurrection. So it's light from week to week. Light meaning
guidance, you know light we see a lot using the term light. Some people have mistakenly tried to say that because Allah some places refer to the prophet SAW Selim saying that he that he sent light to the people that the prophet SAW Selim is actually light, you know, but this is, of course, a misunderstanding. And there is a large number of people who hold this misunderstanding. And as such, they hold that the prophet SAW Selim, you know, didn't die. And for us to say that he's dead, you know, is considered, you know, heretic for them.
The point is that this term light is used to refer to the Quran, to the different books of revelation to the Prophet Muhammad, salah and the prophets, and just guidance from Allah spawn to Allah in general, is referred to as light that he takes them from darkness into light. What is this light? And to profit numbers SLM? No, it is into the light of guidance, truth, you know, proper understanding of last month, Allah and our relationship with him.
Also, the surah is a source of forgiveness. As even Omar reported that the prophet SAW Selim said whoever recites oil kind of on Friday, light would shine from beneath his feet to the heavens, it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgment, and he would be forgiven for his sins between the two Fridays
he'll be forgiven for his sins between the two Fridays. So from that we can conclude that Sorrell can have is beneficial for us from a variety of perspectives, whether it is for future need in defense against the jail, or it is for current need. That is to have it as a source of guidance for us throughout the week, or that it be a source of forgiveness, a means of asking forgiveness from last month Allah that we could use on a daily basis.
We can now begin the surah the first verse smilla rahmanir rahim hamdulillah Illa De Anza Allah Allah Abdel Kitab Allah Masha Allah who Elijah Praise be to Allah, who revealed to his servant the Scripture, in which he did not allow any deviation.
Praise be to Allah revealed to his servant the scripture in which he did not allow any deviation.
A lot begins the chapter saying Praise be to Allah.
Meaning that he is in fact, praising himself
as he is the source of all goodness and blessing.
This is appropriate. Though self praise is something considered to be a vise amongst human beings to praise yourself in front of people say I'm a this I'm adopted and you know how great I am and how this and that is considered to be any
something to be avoided. And that is because human beings have more defects. Then, good points about us lm said khulumani Adam hapa O'Hara in Ottawa, Boone, all of Adam's descendants are constantly making mistakes. So how can somebody who's constantly making mistakes, not be boasting about anything? We have many errors. So there's nothing for us to be proud about to, to, you know, praise ourselves in front of people. And this is why a lot said in Surah najem, verse 32, Fela Suzaku anfisa calm, do not praise yourselves.
Don't talk about how good you are, etc, don't do this. Allah knows what is in the hearts.
if we consider that whatever good qualities of valuable properties any human being possesses, these are ultimately gifts from Allah,
not of their own making. So what are they proud about? What can they praise themselves about?
They have not achieved these things of themselves. They have they've gotten it from others from from other sources, ultimately from Allah subhanaw taala.
However, law is perfect. And all good comes from him. Self praise with regard to himself is not advice, but a virtue and the right.
In the same way, that humility, that is going the other direction, humility.
If we were to attribute this to a Lost Planet, Allah, this would be a deficiency. For us, it's a virtue. Right? For us, it is a virtue to be humble. But if Allah is humble, he's humble to who she is, this would mean some kind of deficiency, because to be humble means you have to be humble to somebody other than you, who is greater than you or whatever. So, who is greater than the last $1. So to attribute These are things when we look at the attributes of Allah Subhana Allah in relationship to our attributes, there are there are certain attributes which are appropriate to him, which when applied to ourselves or inappropriate, certain ones which are appropriate to us when
applied to a last $1 inappropriate.
And we need to know the difference between the two.
And when we consider for example, you have different attributes like Allah describes himself as plotting, he said in soil and fowl verse 30, we am Karuna I am Kuru la Wa La Heron market in the plot, and a lot of plots and Allah is the best of platters or we find scheming.
In the home Yaki doing a Qaeda wakita Qaeda, indeed they scheme and I scheme, so orthotic versus 15, and 16, and so on the side versus 142. And then you had your own a law, well, who are hadir, whom
surely the hypocrites tried to deceive a law, but it is he who deceives them.
So, we have this issue of
deceit, scheming, plotting, these are all relative to human beings, attributes which are considered vices, negative negatives, right. Whereas, in relationship to last month, Allah, these represent perfection
their being reciprocation, for something done, or tried to be done to the believers or towards a lot
of people reciprocate, meaning somebody does evil to you, if you're unable to do evil back to them, then you're weak, right, an eye for an eye, tooth for the tooth. So, when a law speaks of plotting, this is in reciprocation, when they plot the law plots. So, this is perfection of a law's
greatness in that
nothing can be done against him, he will overcome it all. So these negative attributes when we look at them relative to ourselves, there are negative attributes, when applied to a law, in this concept of reciprocation, like for like doing the similar to this is an aspect of a loss perfection that he is not there's nothing greater than him or nothing which he cannot respond to
even Jerry at Atari, he mentioned
all praises and thanks me to a law Alhamdulillah saying
all thanks are due to a law alone, and not any of the objects nor creatures worshipped besides Him. Thanks for Utah laws, innumerable favorites and volunteers, whose amount is known only to him. A loss bounties include creating the means by which the creation worships Him
The bodies with which they fulfill His commands, the sustenance he provides them in this life. And the comfortable life is granted them without anyone or anything forcing him to do so. Allah also alerted his creation, about the means to earn eternal life in the abode of everlasting happiness. All thanks and praise is due to allow for these favorites from the beginning to their end,
a lot praises himself indicating to his creatures that they too should praise Him. It is as if Allah said, say all thanks and praise is due to a law. There's also said that Praise be to a law involves praising him by mentioning his most beautiful names and his most honorable attributes.
Now when we look at the term Alhamdulillah
it consists of two words ham,
and lilla, which is late meaning for a law.
Now hummed is translated as both praise and thanks. But it has a specific meaning, which distinguishes it from another term mother, which means praise and sugar, which also means thanks
as a comprehensive definition of hand,
check on to say me and defined it saying
it describes the one praise with perfection as an expression of love and glorification.
It is praising the one
as an expression of love praising one that is alive and specific, as an expression of love and glorification. Whereas mother,
which is also praise or commendation,
this does not necessarily imply love and admiration. Because one may praise somebody
in order to get something from them, even though they consider themselves that person to be nothing, right. They don't admire that person. They don't love that person. But they want something the person is in a position of power, and they want to get something from them. So they praise them. Right. So that's the term user is mother, not harmed, was harmed as this implication of love and admiration, glorification.
In the case of sugar, this is the thanks aspect of praise.
for thanks only for what one has done what and not for the person's characteristics.
what one has done, somebody does something for you. So you thank them for the act that they did. Whereas thanks from the perspective of harmed, it means thanks in praise of the person's characteristics.
Not just for what they do, but for who they are.
Thanks for who they are not just what they do, is difference between the two.
Lola, of course,
Allah is the proper name of God.
And it's only used for him. We know a number of allies names and attributes may be shared by his creatures, but the name a law can only be used for him.
And it describes his essence, his holy essence. As for those people who object to a law being called God,
with a capital G.
Actually, these objections are baseless. And we have some Muslims who've made a big, big issue out of it. fact, when I was back in Canada, about a month and a half ago, my brother showed me his website, very nice website, but he had a whole three or four pages attacking anybody who refers to Allah as God.
You know, so I had to sit and try to explain to him that in this position he was taken really has no foundation linguistically, from an Arabic perspective. Because Allah, Allah means God with a capital G. And that's one of the laws attributes, Abdul Illa you can call yourself alila. The word Illa means God with a small G. And that because he was objecting because of the fact that God in English, you know, you can make goddess you can make gods, you can have a god son, and the Godfather, and the Godfather and all these other things. So he said, you know, it's not an appropriate name to use for God. But the point is that the term ILA can be used in a similar way. You have Ilaha, which means
Have Allah which means Gods etc, etc. So this is not,
you know, an argument, which has any foundation in Islamic knowledge according to Sharia. You even had one group who used to object to using God because they say when you read God backwards, the word God backwards it spells What? Dog. So I say this is not an appropriate word to use from God for Allah, okay. But this is all you know, semantics and playing with words and letters and things like this right.
Anyway, in terms of Alhamdulillah
there are virtues, which the prophet SAW Selim has identified.
that of the new Vickery La ilaha illallah wa of the dry Alhamdulillah. The best way to remember a law is to say that Illa Illa law and the best supplication The best way to call them a law to pray to Him is to say Alhamdulillah.
So, it is the best supplication Alhamdulillah also
giving thanks saying Alhamdulillah this increases one's good, it increases what everyone is giving thanks for because the law said and surah Ibrahim, verse seven, the initial cartoon as he then if you give thanks, I will increase your blessings.
And also Anna Sydney Malik he narrated from the promised asylum, that he said, any servant who is blessed by a law and says Alhamdulillah will be given better than what he has just received.
Any servant who is blessed by a law and says Alhamdulillah will be given better than what he has just received.
Due to all of these merits, we find that the prophets are seldom included this phrase, this supplication in all of his daily supplications, almost all of them from the time he got up in the morning to the time he went to bed at night, you'll find Alhamdulillah if it within all of his applications. In our if one gets the book Citadel, the authentic supplications of the prophet SAW Selim you'll find Alhamdulillah throughout it, all Hamed is there you know. So, it is something which we should keep regularly on our tongues. It is a source of blessings for us. The doors which contain it, you know the Bible Selim has given great merits for so it is good for us to learn them,
and to do them.
A lot in this in the first verse had said
Alhamdulillah Allah De Anza Allah, Allah Abdullah Al Kitab, Praise be to Allah who revealed to his servant, the Scripture,
Abba de, his servant, check on me and he explained that his servant here refers to
prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
and that the Most High described him in terms of servitude, because he was the greatest servant of a law among human beings.
Allah describes him using the terms of servitude being a servant, because
he was the greatest servant among human beings. And there are three different occasions in the Quran, where Allah describes the prophet SAW Selim, using this term as his servant
on the occasion of the revelation of the crime, which is the one we're just looking at. Secondly, on the occasion of the defense of the Prophet Mohammed Salah in Surah, Al Baqarah, verse 23, when quantum theory by a man named Santa Allah Abba, Deena fact to be so rotten, Miss Lee, what they also had a comb mindu Nina in quantum saw the pain. If you're in doubt about what I have revealed to my servant, bring a chapter similar to it, and call your witnesses besides the law, if you are indeed truthful.
And the third occasion is on the occasion of the ascension of the Night Journey of the Prophet Muhammad wa sallam. So I saw a verse one so Hannah levy as Robbie AB de Laila mineral mustard in her army in Al mustard in Arkansas and Lady Baraka Hello, the nutria hoomin ir Tina in the who has sent me on bossier
Glorified be the two The one who took his servant by night, from the meccan Mosque to the Aqsa Mosque, whose surroundings I blessed in order to show him some of my signs. Indeed, he is the all hearing, the all seeing.
That is, in the most honorable positions of the path prophets on someone's life, he is described as a servant. The most blessed description for a human being is that of being a servant of Allah Abdullah. That is why the prophet SAW Selim said, the best of names to Allah is what Abdullah and Abdullah man, he said, don't be excessive in your praise of me, as the Christians did with with the Prophet Isa, instead, call me Abdullah, or Zulu, call me a slave servant of Allah and His messenger and he stress this, because of what happened to Prophet Isa. And we can see even amongst Muslims in spite of the stress that the prophet SAW Selim placed on his servitude
and that actually has servitude because the more one Lords oneself, the Greater One raise, Allah raises them, that his servitude was the height of his closeness to Allah, Allah, in spite of all of that, we find, you know, people denying that he was a human being.
Claiming, as we said that he has light
the Shia who claim for example, that from the light of a law split off the light of Mohammed Salim and the light of alley, right, you know, and you have people like the brainwaves and others who have the same kind of claim that the problems are solemn is a portion of the light of the last $1.
And so they try to elevate him to make him something other than a human being. Though ally is very clear in so many verses in the Quran, he says, In nama Anna Bashara Miss Lacan say, indeed, I'm only a human being like you.
Of course, they'll come to it and say, like you.
He's like us, but he's not really of us. You know. So I mean, if your mind is warped, no matter what evidence comes to, you will find some kind of excuse. You want somebody to worship besides the law, you will find an excuse to do it. chethan will be only too happy to provide you with whatever misunderstanding and ammunition you need.
Even cattier explained that a lot praises himself for the revelation of His mighty Book to His Noble Messenger, because it is the greatest blessing which he has granted people of the earth.
Through the Quran, he takes them out of darkness into light, because he has made the book clear and its meanings and free from any confusion. Saudi explained a law than described the book The Scripture with two characteristics containing perfection from all perspectives. They are one negating from it any deviation.
negating from it any deviation. When he said, Well, I'm Elijah, Allahu Elijah.
He did not in which he did not allow any deviation. So he negates from it any deviation. And he affirms to it a brightness and that is actually in the beginning of the following verse where it says hi Emma, Leon zero about saying she didn't.
the negation of deviation necessitates that its information is free from lies, and its commands or prohibitions free from oppression or free voluntary
affirmation of uprightness necessitates that it only informs about and commands the most important issues. The information which fills the hearts with understanding, faith and reason, like the information about the laws, names and attributes, and his actions, information about the past and the future, and that is commands and prohibitions purify, elevate and perfect the souls because they contain perfect justice, fairness, sincerity, and servitude, of a law Lord of all the worlds without any partner, which is befitting of a scripture, described as mentioned that the law of praise himself for its revelations, and his creatures praise him for it.
As a judge, one of the commentators That said, the verse meant that he did not put in it any contradictions, just as he said in Surah Nisa, verse 82, we're located in nd array de la la vida doofy hit the laffan kathira. If it were from other than a law they would find in it
Or they would have found in it many contradictions. So this denying the wedge from it was denying any contradictions. That's part of the deviation. And what is really being focused upon here is that the Quran is a pure source of guidance. It doesn't contain any misinformation, which would send people astray.
As you would find, for example, in the Old Testament,
the Bible, in the hands of Christians and Jews were Prophet Abraham is described as a drunkard.
Prophet locked is described as committing incest with his daughters, Prophet date, David described as committing adultery, Prophet Solomon described as worshipping idols.
And all of this corruption is a part of the Scripture, which Christians and Jews accept.
they tried to explain away this corruption saying, well, this is God's showing us that the prophets were human beings like us, oh, we need to hear this about the prophets to know that no, that this does not make the profits sources of guidance, it makes them sources of misguidance. And that is why, you know, those people who have been caught in corruption from amongst the Christians, etc, they have used these miss this corrupt versus describing the profits in this way is justification. Jimmy Swaggart was the classical example. Remember, he had the big debate with somebody that, you know, and how he made a big thing about how Muslims you all can afford wives? Well, we have to
choose the right one. Right? We only have once you have to choose the right one. Shortly thereafter, he was photographed coming from a house of prostitution with a prostitute on his arm, you know, front page news.
You know, he was exposed in the United States very powerful, famous televangelists. You know? And, you know, when he was asked about it, he said, Well, you know, it was a mistake on my part, but you know, I'm only fulfilling the the ways of the prophets of old.
You know, look at David, look at Solomon, look
at he use this as justification for his own corruption. So, the Quran comes to clarify, it presents the prophets, of course, in the highest of lights, they're elevated to the proper status as guides for humankind. Similarly, if one goes into the Hindu scriptures, the next huge body of scriptures for, you know, a fifth of man, humankind worshiping, you know, God in their own way, when you read in their scriptures, you find similar things of corruption. I mean, all you have to do is go to the temples and see the pictures on the temples, the carvings that make up the temples, what their worship, what they're involved in. But in the stories you can find, for example,
Ramayana, this is the story of Rama, one of their gods incarnate, they believe that God becomes as human being called the avatar, right? In it, you know, he is described as having his wife stolen from him kidnapped, right and taken away to Sri Lanka. And he Rama spends the next 12 years with the help of the Monkey God, Hanuman, you know, building a bridge from India to Sri Lanka, so he can go back and get his wife back. Right? And this is God
is it can you have a more corrupt idea of God than that.
And the other story you can find also in one of the pourrons,
where Shiva, another aspect of God, this is the trinity of their Hindu Trinity. He leaves his wife for some period of time, or his wife's name is Parvati. It comes back and finds a young man blocking the doorway of his house. Young man happens to be Parvati his son,
he does know this.
And in his anger, since the boy wouldn't let him in, the mother was inside bathing or whatever.
He took his sword out and chopped off his head,
left the body outside there. And when went inside and greeted his wife and his wife, Parvati told him Hey, that was your son.
So he went back out and he sent people to go look for his head couldn't find it. So I said, Well, whatever you find, you know, go look in the jungle. Whatever animal you find, cut his head off and bring it so he came across, they came across a young elephant, they cut the head off, and he stuck it back on the head of his son. And there we have the monkey head God Ganesh, who is one of the most popular Gods amongst the Hindus for good luck, some lucky Adam, but anyway, it's a source of good luck for them. So I mean, you read these kind of
stories and of course, their philosophers will come and tell you all kinds of you know wisdoms that lie in these stories, but hey, you read it on a surface level and all you can say is this is nonsense. This is misguidance This is not guidance to truth and, and and what this world is about and our position here and the hereafter and all this kind of this is nonsense. So the Quran contains neither corruption, nor encouragement to corruption. Instead, his descriptions of the prophets elevate them to the pinnacles of faith and a brightness which they reached. And the Quran itself is clear and straightforward in its message. We find that expressing the beginning of the second verse
thiamin, Liam there are about seven and she didn't mean didn't
mean alladhina amanu una sala, hottie and Allahumma Duran Hashanah. He made it straight, to warn of a terrible punishment coming from him, and to give glad tidings of a good reward to the believers who do righteous deeds I show can be explained by a man. He made it straight. But this refers to the straightforwardness of the book whereby it contains no deviation, or that it is valuable for the creatures for the creatures welfare in both this life and the next, or that it is a custodian and a guardian. For the previous divine revealed scriptures. It has these three different meanings. Iam could mean straightforward.
Iam could mean that it is a custodian a guard, and km could also mean that it is valuable, priceless.
So all of these meanings are included in the description of the Quran.
According to the first meaning it would be an emphasis for the negation of deviation
for something apparently straight, may not be completely free from crookedness.
He negated any faults first. Last month, Allah negated any false image from the first verse, He negated that, then he affirmed His perfection. And it's being straightforward, I'll say me and explained that to warn the disbelievers of a terrible punishment coming from them meant that the servant would warn or that the scripture would warn the way the verse comes, it could mean that it is the prophet SAW Selim. This revelation would make the prophets of Salaam, the Warner, or that the book of the crown itself was the Warner actually, both of them serve that purpose. aside, he explained that they would warn of a terrible punishment coming from him meant that it was a
punishment which had been set by a law by his father, and determined by his father, for those who oppose His commands. This punishment includes both this life and the next. And this is also among his blessings. This warning of the punishment is also among a lot of blessings that he uses it to scare His servants, those who fear Him, to scare them, and to warn them of the destruction that comes in disobeying His commands.
In the same way that Almighty Allah mentioned and when he described the Hellfire and and one of the sutras that you heard from Lahore, ba bada Yeah, anybody for takuan that is for a lot to scare His servants with it. Oh, my servants fear me. So it is from Allah has mercy on his servants that he limited the severe punishment for those who oppose His commands, and that he clarify that for them, as well as the causes which need to them
aside, he explained, and to give glad tidings of a good reward to the believers who do righteous deeds, that is, Allah revealed to his servant the Scripture. So he would give glad tidings to the believers whose faith was perfected about it, and about the messengers and the books. And he made ordained
the doing of righteous deeds, whether obligatory or recommended, which combines sincerity and obedience. And Simon mentioned that the believers who do righteous deeds indicates that there must be good deeds accompanying belief.
believers who do righteous deeds, that belief alone is not sufficient
because of that, some of the scholars of this
one of them when asked, isn't the key to paradise La ilaha illAllah
He replied, I mean, meaning that it's whoever says Lyla have a lot of against a paradise will open for him.
That individual from the Salafi replied saying yes, but will a key without teeth, open anything.
No act can be considered righteous, unless it contains two principles, one sincerity to a law, that the person not intend by his deed, anything other than the pleasure of Allah and the hereafter.
And secondly, obedience to a large area, that the did not be outside of a laws Sharia, these two conditions have to be fulfilled, for a deed to be considered a righteous deed.
And aside, he went on to explain the good reward, which is what glad tidings were given. His reward which Allah set for faith and righteous deeds, the greatest and most glorious of which is the pleasure of a law, an entrance to paradise, containing what no AI is ever seen, no air has ever heard, nor has it crossed the mind of any human being. Furthermore, by describing it as good, it implies that there will be no grimness or grime Enos nor a disturbance of any kind in it. For if any of that were present, then goodness would be incomplete.
So allows one to Allah in these first two verses, because we'll stop here and open things up for questions, if you have any questions,
as worthy of praise
for having revealed the final scripture, scriptures in general to human beings. But the final scripture, which in which can, there was no deviation, not that the scriptures before had deviation, they didn't. But they became deviated by people after the time of their profits.
So Allah deserves praise for that he praises himself, which is befitting for him being the source of all praise of all goodness, and righteousness.
And also, he went on to say that the revelation of the book,
to the messenger, and the choosing of the messenger, all of this was to warn of a terrible punishment coming from him. For those who disbelieve, always believe in himself, and turn away from the truth.
And not on the other side, those who believe, who accept this truth, right by the messengers, written already in our souls, they would receive a good reward and that good reward is the pleasure of Allah spent Allah and paradise.
So, this is the beginning of Surah alkaff. Are there any questions concerning what we have taken so far?
About this question, regarding nor
when use in reference to the hereafter. I mean, can we take it in the literal sense also, that those people who are going to the cross over the bridge there will be light before them?
Also from the places of Voodoo light to shine? I can we take it in a literal sense, of course, it is a literal sense. And the guidance comes from that literal sense, because that light which is where physical light, see and will provide a way for them. So it becomes a source of guidance, and that's where the link between the literal and the metaphorical lies. It's a
connection which you will find throughout the usages in the Quran and in the Sunnah.
Well, I'll say mean, refers to these specific three places, because there were major occasions, right occasions of ennoblement. When Allah gave the prophet SAW Selim a special blessing. So the concept of abney may occur in other cases, you know, as a general description, but in these three places there were special positions of the prophet SAW Selim honorable positions given to him by last month, Allah
hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah.
Two questions from the woman's side. One, how often should one
or memorize and recite the 10 verses at the beginning of Soraka. For at the end,
there is no
special instruction with regards to it, the prophecies are just so some of them just said, memorize it, learn it to guard it, if you're reading it every Friday when you're reading it every Friday, and you are encouraged to read it every Friday. And
there is nothing outside of that specifically mentioned.
So it is the reading of the Quran every Friday, I'm installing coffee every Friday Anyway, you know, which provides a light for the individual on the Day of Resurrection. And the other request was that the Hadith concerning the forgiveness of sins, be reread again, that is whoever recites so I'll have on Friday,
light will shine from beneath his feet to the heavens.
And it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgment.
And he would be forgiven for his sins between the two Fridays.
The scholars actually have considered this last statement to be most likely a statement of even Omar companion, that the attribution to problems Our solemn is not authentic. But that it's a statement of Omar. But then scholars looking at even Omar, that's such a statement would be very highly unlikely to be said, because it involves what they call more
information about the unseen, where one cannot make those kind of statements, we don't have the authority to make those kinds of statements. So we're a companion makes an explanation of this type. Then it is assumed that it came from the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.
well above is asking whether the punishment which the Quran and the messenger came to inform us about from last month Allah whether this
is specifically the punishment mentioning being mentioned to non Muslims in soilless, raw
or in other chapters. The point is that where verses speak Generally, we take a generally we don't try to specify it and say, well, it is this punishment or not that punishment. You know, it is punishment for the disbelievers mainly mean that's what is understood it's because he's given the believers what is to come for the believers afterwards. So it implies that what he described was that punishment This is for the disbelievers. So in whatever form it comes in this life or the next life whether it's the Hellfire and the various punishments of the Hellfire are things which happened in this life, you know, it is all included in the warning.
Okay, but this question is the term has to be used excuse sclusively for last month Allah No, it is not. This is why you can take the name Muhammad which comes from the same route or Hammad or Hammad, these are all names coming from that same route.
But when we say al Hamd
This is now exclusively for Allah because Allah means all
all praise. Once we use the term all praise we cannot give that to anybody else.
Okay, brothers, asking about the what I mentioned as being inauthentic regarding the surah. In the beginning, it is a story which is mentioned in Nicosia
and narrated from Ebony's Hawk who did Sera, Sera to Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam known as the the biography or the serum of the Prophet. He mentioned in it that some people had come
to see the prophet SAW Salaam
and the Jews had told them to ask him three questions. If he was able to answer these questions, then they would know that he was truly a prophet. You know, one of the questions was about the people of the cave. The other one was about little carnation, both of which are answered in that chapter. And the third one is about the role of the Spirit where it comes from. But that's not in that chapter, it comes in the chapter, then following it or before it.
So, but this this particular incident and story
nice as it sounds is an explanation for the revelation of soil cough. It's not it's not authentic so we cannot attribute it as being the reason for the sutras revelation.
Okay, we'll break for Allah Subhana Coloma, Ambika shadow Ella Ella and stock fuuka wanted to be like