Hadeeth and Fiqh

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Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

Topics: Fiqh

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Hello Rodney are salatu salam ala rasulillah, Karim, Allah Allah, he was Sufi. For many standards we submit to Medina. All praise is due to a lot of a lot of Peace and blessings and his last prophet Mohammed from the Madhu la who sell them, and and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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In this session, the third session,

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Sharma will try to cover

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both

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hobbies.

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And

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go, though they're both two fairly extensive topics, you know, because of the fact that we had set this over a three day period. We'll try to cover both of these topics in this session. And as I said, it will just be

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an introduction, giving you a kind of a foundation to how to understand how these and how to understand.

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Now,

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the first of the two hobbies, as we said that these really

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represent the sooner

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and that we took the sooner before we took them, because the sooner combined with what we spoke of in the last session in tafsir, this is what makes up shediac divine revelation and its interpretation and application is what we call

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the Islamic law, right. So,

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first thing to understand concerning hobbies is that

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first thing we should understand concerning hobbies

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is that the term hobbies itself Arabic term hobbies, it means speech. When you use it as a noun, it means speech.

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You know, talking

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and when is used as an adjective, it means something new, we describe something as being heavy, it means that it is new.

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But in the Islamic context, when we're speaking of Hadith, or we're talking about

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is

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the sayings and actions and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam

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which were conveyed to us

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by His companions,

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through generations of students and recorded in text, which we call the books of hobbies, and what we mean when we refer to the term hobbies. Now, such a definition includes

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most authentic

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hobbies, which are generally Krakow.

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As well as

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inauthentic hobbies which are generally called by

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two basic categories. Now,

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in relationship to the sooner

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hobbies represents

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also the vehicle

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in which the cinema was conveyed to us the film that goes a little further

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then, we can say the cinema goes into when we talk about Scylla we talk about also things which are problems I found them did our did, which were not necessarily of legal implication, and descriptions of the Prophet Moses and them all this is included in sooner. But when we talk about Hadith really, we're not really referring to descriptions of the problem.

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Though these descriptions are conveyed through hobbies, hobbies represents the vehicle by which the sooner was conveyed to us the sooner as well as things which occurred during the time of the problem with SLM which weren't even not conveyed by him also visit this he called us are

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things which the companions did amongst themselves, or

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circumstances which occurred in the time of the problem of SLM which are not related directly to a statement or practice of department, but conveyed to us by the companions. These are called artha.

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Right and this is handed down in the same way in which had been handed down. Okay. Now,

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concerning the sun now,

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the guy said when we talk about Paddy to really talk about the sun now

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we have to understand that

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The problem was SLM

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was first and foremost, an example

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of

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what a Muslim was supposed to be. If Omar had wished he could have revealed the Quran, without

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a messenger, a book of Revelation coming, no messenger.

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But he chose each time that he sent books of revelation that he sent a messenger along with those books, to show the people how to apply those books.

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a living example, this is why we have in Surah, verse 21, where a law says, law called Canada confused as to the law he was within half an hour. Rarely there is in a large messenger, a good example for you, and for whoever wishes for a lot in the last day and remember is the law often

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the choir also commands

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to obey the Prophet Muhammad Salah, for example, in Surah, Al Hachette verse 73, law says matakohe sold for Hulu or nah man.

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Whatever the Prophet commands you do it, and whatever he prohibits you leave it.

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And there are many, many verses of that nature were alive telling us to obey the Prophet.

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Now, how do we obey the Prophet? Today he is not amongst us. We are made through the commands which came to us through the heavy cylinder which has been conveyed to us by the hubby's. We also know that

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Allah has stated that when we have to resolve any issues which arise amongst us, because Islam

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is a system not only for an individual, but for our community, because the believers ultimately are supposed to be a community.

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For us to be able to establish Islam in the fullest sense, we need to do so on a community level. You know, it's very difficult to do it on an individual level. I mean, of course, it doesn't mean that you cannot be a Muslim, you cannot be a practicing Muslim. You cannot be a practicing Muslim. Unless, you know, you are in a complete community, no.

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One can practice Islam. to a large degree as an individual, however, the complete practice

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will depend on the establishment of Islam as a on a community level.

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There's certain things that you need to do, you know, if, if a Muslim dies,

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you have lots of janazah the washing of the body, these are things which you die, you can't do it for yourself. So for that to be fulfilled, you need other Muslims.

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Right? So that's Gemma, we have a congregational prayer, number of them eat etc, etc. This, you know, you cannot perform it by yourself.

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So it means that if you're on on your own, then, you know, there are certain aspects of Islam really you cannot apply.

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That doesn't mean that that takes you out of Islam. No, you do according to what you're able. However, Islam was ultimately geared to a community, nation type level, because ultimately, man is a social being.

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He always functions with other people.

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He cannot exist by himself.

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He needs to be with other people his needs to live, he has to depend on other people to to make shoes that he read, you know, to make a car that he drives to build a house he lives in, produce the food in one way or another that he eats. He depends on other people. So the laws of Islam have come to suit the norm of human existence and that is as a community.

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So, when people live as a community, there will be differences of opinion, problems will arise. And these problems have to be resolved. And what the law has said is that these problems must be resolved by going back to the Quran and Sunnah. Sunnah is your basis for resolving issues. So we find in Surah, Nisa, verse 65, Allah says, No by your Lord, they do not truly believe until they make you Mohammed says I love the judge between them in their disputes, without finding within themselves uneasiness, but instead, accepting it in total submission. So

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Not only are we enjoying to follow what the problems are, Solomon said,

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in terms of resolving our disputes, but that we must also accept what he has commanded, in a way, which is a complete acceptance. Well, we don't have like we do it we say all somebody brings it to you says, you know, Baba Sallam said you shouldn't do this, and you were doing it. He said, Okay, I'll stop doing it. But it's like you've been pressured into stop doing it. You're not stopping it, where you just old pop star fellow said not to do it, you know, I'm giving it up. Totally, totally right from your heart. You know, you're giving it up right from your heart. That's the way it has to be. That's the basis of belief. You know, when you do it grudgingly, you know, because the brothers

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are looking at you. And you know, you still want to do this thing. But, you know, they said the prompts also said, don't do it. So you don't do it. You know, you're submitting, but you're grudging, it's not really from your heart. It is not true belief.

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further added to that we have in souillac, dub, verse 36. A lot says, it is not fitting for a believer, man or woman, when a matter has been decreed by Allah and His Messenger, to have any choice in their affairs. If anyone disobey the law and His Messenger, he is indeed clear, he is indeed clearly a string.

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So when we receive information that this was the decision of align his message,

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we don't have we don't feel within ourselves that we have a choice, follow it or not follow? Once we have found out that this is the way what's the proper thumbs commanded, then we accept this wholeheartedly. We keep on this is a sign of true belief.

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You know, if we do grudgingly I'm not saying that.

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You don't, this just means you don't have any belief at all. But it just means your belief is still in that minor stage it has not grown properly.

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A proper belief is one which accepts the commandments of the government of a law wholeheartedly.

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And the reason why Allah has put so much stress on obedience to the prophet

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and because of the fact that

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what he commanded

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was based on revelation.

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What he commanded was based on Revelation, this is why our declaration of faith in the Lord Mohammed over Sula, Mohammed go to school of law, this aspect of accepting Mohammed also known as the Messenger of Allah, this is linked to our belief in Allah.

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Because what he conveyed to us, was also revelation.

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And a lot of states from the crime

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into our magic verse for

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lion support and in our in who are in Washington, you have, he does not speak from his desire. Verily, it is divinely revealed revelation

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is the basis. This is why we are so committed to following the way of the Prophet

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because what he gave us what he conveyed to us was revelation. So in other words, in what as revelation came into form, we have revelation which was direct word of Allah, Revelation, direct quote, of the words of Allah, the Quran.

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And then the other indirect revelation, where the problems are seldom either paraphrased word of law, put into the words in his own words.

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Or he conveyed to us

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things which are based on divine inspiration.

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But it's all based on ultimately from Allah, Revelation. And this is why we are commanded to obey because obey the problem

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is obeying a law or the law said, My UK Rasul Allah.

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And that is whoever obeys the messenger has obeyed a law

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suit and the salvors at whoever obeys the messenger has obeyed a lot.

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And the problem is I send them you know, emphasize this, himself in his own statements. In the Hadees. collected in Buhari, he stated one obeys me obey the law.

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And whoever disobeys me, disobeying Allah

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So,

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obedience to Allah, submission to Allah This is what Islam is. Islam is defined as submission of one's will, to the will of Allah. This submission

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means submission to whatever law is commanded in the Koran, or has commanded through the Messenger of Allah.

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So submission to what the public has commanded, is submission to Allah.

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And if we seek to worship Allah, we can only do so through the way of the Prophet Muhammad Salah.

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And this prophet Elijah did say, as Christians like to claim

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that he did,

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that no one comes to the Father except by me.

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You know, when we tried to explain to them that they shouldn't worship

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Jesus, because he was a man or whatever, they will come back and say, but it says in the Gospel there, no one comes to the Father except by me.

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By Me binding, if we're, if Jesus did say this,

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how it would be understood is that

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no one can come to the worship of God, except by the way of the Messenger of God.

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Correct worship is only in accordance with the way which was brought by the Messenger of Allah.

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So we that's the same thing we are faced with. We cannot worship Allah properly. We cannot love Allah. We cannot submit to Allah puppet company, except by doing it through the way the Prophet Muhammad wa salam has provided. I mean, it doesn't mean that we worship Prophet Muhammad Azam No, no.

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It means that we must do it according according to the way that he brought for us.

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And a lot of said in sword, Allium Ron, verse 31. Say, if you learn the law, follow me to the government to say this right? If you love a law, follow me, that is the messenger of a law and the law will love you and forgive you your sin. For Life up forgiving, most merciful, for the love of Allah for a lot to love us.

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We have to obey the messenger of Allah,

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we cannot attain

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the love of Allah, except by submitting our will, to that

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do the commandments of the Messenger of Allah.

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And

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the problems are solved them.

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Or as I say, this is in the client itself.

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And beside verse 13, and 14, Allah has

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placed the reward for being the Prophet as paradise

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and disobedience to him as hell.

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whoever obeys the law and His Messenger, will be placed in gardens with reverence flowing beneath them to dwell therein forever. That is the greatest achievement

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while those who disobey Allah His Messenger, and transgress the limits which he has set, will be placed in the fire to dwell there in forever and have a humiliating punishment.

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So that's the bottom line.

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And as you all said, the end of the day, this is where the comes to.

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Those who obey Allah and His Messenger, follow the way of the sooner

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I can, paradise those who do not, are headed for help.

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And on one occasion, problems last element said, all of my nation will enter Paradise except those who refuse

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when he said that the compiler is often who would refuse

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to refuse to enter parliament.

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said, Whoever disobeyed me, has refused.

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This is invaluable ohare.

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Whoever disobeyed me as a person, when he disobeys the Messenger of Allah, He is in fact saying I don't want to go to Paradise. I want help.

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You know, this is these are the kind of concepts that we have to try to bring across to say, family members. You know, some

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You brothers mentioned you know, your family members who

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have neglected the center, and are caught up in visa, in the cultural innovations which have been handed down for generation and generation, you know,

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the way to try to bring them to this kind of a consciousness is to, to bring these kinds of verses to them, you know, get them back to the core, to see what the law has said, concerning obedience to the messenger, doing,

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making one's life be in accordance with the way of the messenger, you know, hopefully the verses of the Quran if they read it, and hear it, you know, it would maybe start to soften their hearts, to start to realize that they have to follow the way of the Prophet. And then having realized that, when you bring them the Hadees statements about one of our fellow which confirm that, and and, and, and affirm that they must follow his way.

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And, of course, you know, as we mentioned in the first session,

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one of the importance of the seminar is

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to understand the quad.

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To properly understand the quad, we stated The second method of interpretation of the Quran was gutsier of the Quran die sooner.

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So we cannot properly understand the Quran, all of the crime without going to center. So not only is the thriller vital for us in terms of application of Islam on a general level, resolution of our disputes, etc. It is also essential for us to

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follow the quarter to the cinema in order to understand the very revelation direct revelation of Allah to us the choir. And as I mentioned before, in the session on Tafseer, that the Quran cannot be separated from the Sunnah. And that whoever seeks to separate the Quran from the similar seeks to deviate people, this is a point of deviation, you will find deviants, commonly, they will notify the sooner, you know, like we read the books of the Shiites, generally speaking, they will they will quote verse of the Quran. And then they will say the amount said the amount Did you know

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you hardly hear them say the Messenger of Allah said or did. So they cancel out the role of the sender. And they go directly to

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the so called the mob and they attribute to them certain things statements, etc. So which now replaces the sender because once you cancel the call, you must replace its interpretation which was the similar with something else. Either it becomes the interpretation of the amount

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or becomes the interpretation of the shape of the pier. You know, you read the books of the so called Sufi the cetera, you know the mystical writings, you will find that you know, these people who receive the special insight and these are the ones who are not going to be explaining the rest of the crowd to you. You don't hear them mentioning, Prophet Muhammad wa sallam said this or he said that the companions did this did that.

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However, there is a very clear Hadith which speaks of this, because of course,

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allow you

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that there would come a time when people would claim that they would only follow the Quran. So Proverbs, Moses Allah was given that inspiration to make the statement.

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Let me not find one of you reclining on his couch and saying when you hear something regarding which I have commanded or forbidden, I don't know.

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What we have found in the last book we have followed.

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This is in Abu Dhabi udon is an authentic narration. And furthermore,

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he said, Indeed, I have brought the poor Ireland something like it along with it.

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The time is coming when a man reclining on this couch will say, keep to this court arm, what you find it to be permissible, treat as permissible once you find it prohibited, treat as prohibited.

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But what allows messenger as prohibited is like what a law has prohibited the domestic donkey

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carnivorous wild animals lost property belonging to an ally unless the owner does not want it are all not permissible to you.

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According to what is stated in the Quran,

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we are allowed to eat whatever is outside of those animals which were killed in the forbidden ways by strangulation by going by clubbing etc. However, allows messenger is also prohibited the domesticated donkey domesticated donkey meaning

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You know, if you take a donkey and you raise it yourself, you can ride it and you know another wild donkey, a domesticated donkey you cannot eat.

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With a wild donkey if you you know, catch a wild donkey that lives in the bush, but a domesticated one raised, you can eat the flesh of that donkey.

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So provinces are selling, he's the one who prohibited the domesticated dogs. He also prohibited carnivorous animals, Lion Tiger.

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This is not in the choir. And this is what he pointed out. This you cannot separate the two, because that's the vision that he gave. This was not his whim. It wasn't because he didn't like

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domesticated donkey, or he didn't like carnivorous animals that he permitted it No, this was based on revelation from Allah.

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And we have a number of statements were in the problem as I sell them has informed us that

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by holding on firm to the client in December, this is the way that people will stay on the correct path.

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When you spoke about the different sects, etc, you know, and he wanted to identify for the people what is the correct way, you refer to the one which was based on the Quran and Sunnah. He said, for example, in the Hadees, reported, Bible, whoever

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collected in

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a mortar is authentic, I've left with you two things. If you hold firmly onto them, you will never go straight, a large book and my sooner

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one occasion

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he drew he was sitting with the companions, and he drew a line in the sand the dust. And he drew a number of lines going off on either side. And he said to them, referring to the line which is down the middle, this is the last part.

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And then in reference to the others going to the sides, he said these are the paths of misguidance.

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At the end of each one, there is a devil inviting people to follow it

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and recited the verse from the Koran

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from suela nam verse 153 Verily, this is my path

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leading straight. So follow it and do not follow the other path for they will scatter you about from a lost path.

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That is his command to you in order that you may be conscious of a lot.

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So, our guidance depends on following closely.

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The Quran and the Sunnah.

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And as you mentioned earlier, it is the crime the swindler as understood by the companions of the Prophet Muhammad salah and the early generation of righteous Muslim scholar.

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Because you may find somebody around today, say I'm following crime and similar, but what they're doing in practice is quite different from what the quirements would actually said, Oh, it was understood by the early generation.

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But having said that,

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this will now

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that is

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one of the problems are some said did descriptions of himself what he approved, should be divided into two categories. After we divided them into the first two categories of authentic and inauthentic. We said for his advice, right? And to understand those two categories of hate and bias.

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Because of the time that we have, I really can't go into it in much detail. But this book, Islamic Studies, it's broken down quite simply there, you know, what is a Sahabi? For those who do you know, and

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basically on pages 74 to

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77. It explains in quite simple terms, the difference between hobbies, and hobbies.

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That is the authentic and inauthentic when we're dealing with similar hobbies really, we have to be dealing ultimately with the authentic that which is

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correct. Because if we are if we are to build a ruling in Islam on the basis of what the problems are Sallam said,

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or did, then we have to be sure that that ruling actually was said or done by the public.

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And that's what

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the

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we mean when we say it is an authentic Heidi's authentic sooner,

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we're sure that it actually came from him if it's not authentic means there is doubt as to whether it actually came from him. We don't build the practices that are religion on doubt, we have to build on that which we are certain about.

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Now, you know, having divided into the dice and we leave the dice aside, fabricated, we go over to the side here.

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This can be divided into two categories,

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that which we call the natural similar person, the puppy da and the legal foreigner or the Sunnah kashia de.

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And this division is necessary

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in order to

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ensure that what we are following is what was intended to be followed. Why, because Prophet Muhammad wa salam was first and foremost a man

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he was a man, a human being,

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not having divine qualities, you know, as was asked about earlier, you know, this divine light, newer Muhammad which has been attributed that he was supposed to have been created, farm etc. Now, this is referred

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to as a divine being, he was a human being,

00:31:28--> 00:31:35

is the difference between himself and ourselves is that he received revelation from Allah that elevated his status

00:31:37--> 00:31:49

to a higher level of human being, but not to a supernatural being someone who is now beyond human nature. No, he was a human being, he remained a human being

00:31:50--> 00:31:53

a human being, in the eighth century,

00:31:56--> 00:31:57

in Arabia,

00:32:05--> 00:32:09

seventh century, actually, seventh century, seventh century, in Arabia.

00:32:12--> 00:32:18

This meant that, at that period of time, there are certain things which affected human beings

00:32:21--> 00:32:22

in Arabia,

00:32:23--> 00:32:28

the environment affected them in a certain way, it meant they're going to dress a particular way.

00:32:29--> 00:32:37

They're going to have certain habits, etc. likes and dislikes, being a human being who will have personal likes and dislikes. So now,

00:32:39--> 00:32:42

when he received Revelation, Revelation,

00:32:43--> 00:32:46

you gave him guidance and commands

00:32:47--> 00:32:50

for mankind until the day of judgment.

00:32:51--> 00:32:53

But it didn't cancel out.

00:32:55--> 00:32:56

The fact that he was a human being

00:32:58--> 00:32:59

an Arab,

00:33:00--> 00:33:02

in Arabia in the sixth century,

00:33:03--> 00:33:15

seventh century doesn't count less. So it means that there are some things that he's going to do, because of these factors. Every human being the votive is something which she likes

00:33:16--> 00:33:17

and dislikes,

00:33:18--> 00:33:21

which had nothing to do with revelation.

00:33:24--> 00:33:25

For example,

00:33:26--> 00:33:27

lizards, meat

00:33:29--> 00:33:32

was commonly eaten in certain parts of Libya.

00:33:34--> 00:33:35

Even though in Riyadh

00:33:37--> 00:33:45

and by Is that like a visit iguanas, you know, big lizard like about this big,

00:33:46--> 00:33:49

fat body science down the back, you know?

00:33:51--> 00:33:55

I usually they eat the tail part because the tail is big and muscular

00:33:57--> 00:33:58

competitors, that chicken,

00:33:59--> 00:34:00

everything but this is what I'm told.

00:34:02--> 00:34:03

But the point is that

00:34:04--> 00:34:08

people were commonly ate this animal.

00:34:10--> 00:34:15

And on one occasion, the wives of the Prophet of Allah was serving it to him.

00:34:18--> 00:34:21

And one of the wives asked, the wife was 70 Did you tell him that it was met?

00:34:25--> 00:34:30

in art, it was laid out in front of him when he was just about each film when she told him his hand up.

00:34:32--> 00:34:35

Now, one of the competitors was sitting beside him.

00:34:36--> 00:34:37

And

00:34:40--> 00:34:43

he when he saw the facts about them, didn't eat it. He asked him he said, he said, Is this haram?

00:34:45--> 00:34:47

He said, No, it's just

00:34:48--> 00:34:55

it was not something common to the place where I grew up, and I don't like it. So the compiler he went ahead a tooth and the profit.

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

So we know that yo is poor.

00:35:00--> 00:35:07

No dislike of the problem with our salon, but it has no relevance to us. In terms of legal,

00:35:09--> 00:35:10

this was his personal dislike.

00:35:12--> 00:35:23

So we are not in any way obliged to not eat that it was Hello, finish motocross and didn't like it a lot didn't make it Haram, because he didn't like, that was his personal

00:35:25--> 00:35:32

feeling. Okay? So it's important that we understand this why because if a person

00:35:33--> 00:35:49

got locked into the similar to the point where they fought everything of the proper size, we must follow, he then he would now be forced to be molding his whole life to everything, which was our felon like or dislike, which has nothing to do even with the legal

00:35:51--> 00:36:03

aspects of Islam. And for sure, it would create some difficulties for him ultimately, because some of the things are suitable to that place that climate and and may not be suitable elsewhere.

00:36:06--> 00:36:17

What you found, for example, problem was I tell him, he said was a man and he was also living in Arabia. Arabia is the desert,

00:36:18--> 00:36:24

the sun is beating on your head all the time. So the people of Arabia wore, turban

00:36:26--> 00:36:31

wrapped turban on their heads, they all did

00:36:32--> 00:36:32

the pagan

00:36:34--> 00:36:36

as well as those who accepted Islam.

00:36:39--> 00:36:46

So, we say wearing a turban is from the center. But it is not from the legal for now.

00:36:47--> 00:36:58

It is from the natural medicine department. Because that was the circumstances of the time. So we are no way obliged with that if you want to wake up and find

00:37:00--> 00:37:06

that do not feel that in doing so you're following the cinema in the sense that was intended

00:37:09--> 00:37:12

because there is no command with regards to wearing a turban.

00:37:13--> 00:37:14

However,

00:37:15--> 00:37:17

if you wear a turban

00:37:18--> 00:37:28

and said that for those wearing turbans, they should put wear caps underneath the turban to distinguish them from the pagans.

00:37:29--> 00:37:48

So here is the legal aspect of wearing a turban. If you wear a turban, then you should distinguish your turban from the turban of the pagan by wearing a cap underneath your turban. So that is the legal aspect of wearing a turban, but wearing a turban and our feminine, this is up to you.

00:37:50--> 00:38:05

Similarly, on a personal level with our fellow when he went to the marketplace to choose sandals to wear, he chose a particular kind of sandwich he liked one which had to strap on it.

00:38:06--> 00:38:07

Maybe in Yemen.

00:38:09--> 00:38:21

Some cows level with the brownish red cow brother with the hair shaved off. This is a description of the prophet SAW Selim several features the rest of the market, he chose this he like this.

00:38:24--> 00:38:26

Now, this is his personal choice.

00:38:28--> 00:38:31

It doesn't mean that when we go to buy a Sonos, we have to buy this kind of stuff.

00:38:35--> 00:38:38

However, if you some people who have become sort of

00:38:40--> 00:38:45

a distorted view of the center where they've just grabbed onto everything, you find

00:38:47--> 00:39:12

it there's a book called smiley tiramisu which is published in Lahore. But with notes written by Mohammed, Zachary, I should say my activity was written by the heavy scholar activities in which you gathered these concerns the problem of sub sub descriptions etc. And this has been translated already on from there into English along with the commentary. Now, when you read this commentary,

00:39:13--> 00:39:25

you may maybe available in bookstores here you pick it up when you read it, and you read about the prophet SAW Selim sandal and in the commentary, you find the commentator Mohammed Zakaria, he is saying that

00:39:26--> 00:39:40

there are so many barricades in these kind of sandals. And if you even draw a picture of the samples, you know, and you keep it in your room, that is going to increase the quality of your life, you know, when you money and

00:39:44--> 00:39:45

gone out of left field.

00:39:48--> 00:39:50

You know, this is mediation.

00:39:51--> 00:39:59

Because this is a process of elevating now the process, so that the founder that he won, I was like the, like the capitalists, you know, they have

00:40:00--> 00:40:37

pieces of the cross in on a piece of the rope that was supposedly on Jesus when he was under, you know, this left. So people come and take Baraka from here. And of course, you find it in the Muslim world, I live in Pakistan, they have a tooth, which they say was the tooth which came up, most was knocked out. And, you know, and they have one that people want everything to be every time his birthday comes around. In the year, they bring out this truth, and people come, you know, to make touch it and whatever, right. And the point is that if you go to Turkey, you know, in the Topkapi Museum, they also have a toothless tooth, it says the tooth that came out, it was easy to have one.

00:40:37--> 00:40:45

But we may only last one to fit what you were on. And what's the one you got enough to fill a hole mode, right? All these people are picking back up.

00:40:47--> 00:41:02

And, of course, even islamically speaking, we reject it, we reject it outright, because the only way we can accept that this is the truth of apartments, if you have a chain of narration right back to the Sahaba, who pick up the truth behind the Butler,

00:41:03--> 00:41:10

who gave it to his son who gave it down in order to pretend that we have the chain all the way down to say, yes, this was the truth of the professor, he didn't have any of these kids.

00:41:12--> 00:41:12

You know,

00:41:13--> 00:41:24

I know offer in Pakistan, India, and you know, in them elsewhere, they have here, supposedly, from the podcast on the head, you know, and these years have continued to grow this they claim, you know,

00:41:25--> 00:41:47

again, you know, we reject all this stuff. Besides the Silicon Valley, this thing that comes out of people trying to take Baraka from these years and sneezes like this, I mean, just the fact that there's no basis for authenticity, because there's no change to to assure us that this in fact, was from the Prophet Muhammad SAW Salah.

00:41:52--> 00:41:56

However, when a pistol with a sandal, there is

00:41:58--> 00:42:12

legal attached to wearing the sandal, not on the kind of things that the sandals were. But in the wearing of the sample itself problems or something like that. Whenever one of you puts on sandals, he should put on the right foot first.

00:42:13--> 00:42:16

And when you pick them off, you should take off the left foot first.

00:42:17--> 00:42:20

For the for the legal for the one you put on.

00:42:21--> 00:42:27

Whenever you put on your sandals, you put on the right foot first, when you pick up the sandals, you pick up the left foot.

00:42:29--> 00:42:35

This is the collection that will show you the general pattern put on the right first take off the left. First.

00:42:38--> 00:42:45

This is a part of the the you could say the etiquette of a Muslim in wearing shoes.

00:42:47--> 00:42:50

Now, of course somebody would question yes.

00:42:52--> 00:42:57

fella who said, when you go to the bathroom, step in with an effort

00:42:58--> 00:43:10

when you come out of the bathroom, step out with the right foot first, when you go into the masjid, step into the right foot first and come out of the masjid you step out with the left foot. So somebody

00:43:13--> 00:43:16

stepping into the right and the left and putting on the right and the left.

00:43:20--> 00:43:31

You know, what kind of religion is this? were you telling you what to put in here and out? You know, for some people, especially in modern times, you know, people who tend to question coming out of a backhoe, Western tobacco people.

00:43:35--> 00:43:36

The point is that

00:43:38--> 00:43:55

went into this a little bit because it's imperative for us to sort of have a kind of a, an understanding of this, because you will run into this and you should be able to give some kind of clarity to people, you know, why would Islam go to the point of telling you which foot to put on in your shoes for a sandwich for the step in the bathroom with them.

00:43:57--> 00:43:58

The point is that

00:44:00--> 00:44:02

when you observe animals,

00:44:05--> 00:44:07

they'll do things in a haphazard fashion.

00:44:09--> 00:44:17

When a dog goes to you, and he doesn't always lift his right foot, sometimes listens, rises left. However, it doesn't follow any particular pattern.

00:44:20--> 00:44:22

We are not animals.

00:44:25--> 00:44:28

What distinguishes ourselves from animals is that we have systems.

00:44:31--> 00:44:42

Build a home, we drive a car, we run a business out of these depend on systems where you have to do this first. And you do that after.

00:44:43--> 00:44:56

If you don't do this first, it's not gonna work. You get in a car, you want to drive, you start turning the steering wheel, you're not going anywhere. You got to put the key in the ignition. There is a series of rituals that you have to go through to get that car going

00:44:57--> 00:44:59

and to stop the car. If you don't follow

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

car doesn't work

00:45:05--> 00:45:18

in the same way that we would we recognize the need for system in order in the outer world for things to be done. Why shouldn't we recognize the system in order for our

00:45:21--> 00:45:26

we operate according to system. We are conscious of what we're doing.

00:45:28--> 00:45:35

He's just not doing it unconsciously, you just throw things on people that you know, no, but you're conscious of what you do. Because in being conscious

00:45:36--> 00:45:40

when you're putting on the right foot first you're remembering the suddenness

00:45:43--> 00:45:50

remembering the sinner remembering to submit to the commandments of a lot. And in doing so you're remembering a lot.

00:45:51--> 00:45:55

And that is it that makes a personalized remembrance of Allah.

00:45:58--> 00:45:59

When remember a lot,

00:46:00--> 00:46:01

then

00:46:02--> 00:46:02

you will be

00:46:04--> 00:46:05

when you forget Allah

00:46:06--> 00:46:07

disobey.

00:46:08--> 00:46:16

That's just the bottom line in terms of righteousness, good and evil. You remember a lot you'll be? I mean, why did Adam this Obi

00:46:20--> 00:46:23

Satan, caused him to forget

00:46:24--> 00:46:25

these things, you know,

00:46:27--> 00:46:27

maybe

00:46:28--> 00:46:33

if he did this, he will become like an angel or become eternal and Deepak and he forgot

00:46:34--> 00:46:37

Allah and the command. And so he disobeyed

00:46:40--> 00:46:52

the Prophet Musa. Remember, when he was with COVID, and he left the fish. He said, you know, we have forgotten about the fish, the fish have gone back in the water. He said, You know, it was

00:46:53--> 00:46:54

Satan, who caused me to forget.

00:46:57--> 00:47:09

And this is how, when I first remembering the commandments of the Messenger of Allah, and in that way, remember a lot. And this helps to remind us to do good

00:47:11--> 00:47:18

unless you see in these various commandlets Is that the right is favored over the left, is it

00:47:19--> 00:47:40

whenever we're doing something which is good, the right is favorite over the left, because when you put shoes on the ship, you're you are doing something with your foot, right, you want their foot outside of step on grass, wherever you cut it off. So you took us on the line, you're protecting it with something good that you're doing to your foot. So you do it to the right foot first, then the left, you're eating it with your right hand.

00:47:43--> 00:47:43

With your left,

00:47:45--> 00:47:47

the good things you do with the right,

00:47:48--> 00:47:51

the left going into the toilet, you step in with the left.

00:47:53--> 00:47:57

Now, what this also reminds us again, is of the Day of Judgment.

00:47:58--> 00:48:06

When a lot of seven bit judgment, they're going to paradise. When we see the book of good deeds in the right hand,

00:48:08--> 00:48:12

we're going to hell receive it in the left hand behind their backs.

00:48:14--> 00:48:22

So choosing the right over the left favoring the right this is also built into the system of recognizing righteousness and seeking to do righteousness.

00:48:23--> 00:48:25

Seeking to be amongst those who are going to

00:48:27--> 00:48:33

have a last thought verse seems like just a simple little act.

00:48:37--> 00:48:44

We follow of the seminar The problem is a fella by putting on a right foot first we'll put it on fender and

00:48:45--> 00:48:46

taking the

00:48:47--> 00:48:51

left foot our first when we take them off. And He further said

00:48:52--> 00:49:02

no one should work the same as the staff several December breaks, you should not walk in one alone until you have the other repaired.

00:49:04--> 00:49:11

If you look, your saddle, you don't walk around with one shoe on one sandal on and the other one off,

00:49:12--> 00:49:14

to come back off until you repair it.

00:49:16--> 00:49:17

Now, this one

00:49:18--> 00:49:24

person may wonder well, why is that? Why is it that we shouldn't walk around with one sandal on the one time

00:49:27--> 00:49:32

of course, there are a number of different things Sallam has told us to do.

00:49:34--> 00:49:34

Which

00:49:37--> 00:49:40

we may not be able to determine

00:49:41--> 00:49:43

the benefit in it for us

00:49:47--> 00:49:48

identify the harm.

00:49:51--> 00:50:00

We recognize fundamentally if he told us to do this, by us doing that we are submitted to the center and in that way, we are

00:50:00--> 00:50:06

are submitting to a law and worshiping a law by doing that, that is obvious to us. There

00:50:07--> 00:50:10

will also be some other benefits

00:50:11--> 00:50:16

which we are not able maybe at this point in time, maybe some time from now we'll be able to proceed.

00:50:17--> 00:50:18

Because if you

00:50:20--> 00:50:22

the things which we have been predicted are not merely

00:50:24--> 00:50:29

a mission just because a larger sell to prevent us from doing this perimeter from doing that for

00:50:30--> 00:50:31

mission

00:50:32--> 00:50:35

we are based on human needs,

00:50:36--> 00:50:37

along moon,

00:50:39--> 00:50:42

the makeup of men what you need what is harmful to him,

00:50:44--> 00:50:45

prohibited the pig

00:50:48--> 00:50:52

because he knows the harm that exists in it

00:50:54--> 00:50:57

not be able to medically determine without harm if

00:50:59--> 00:51:11

I lift them we submit to the command with a mob believing that it's harmful to us, we may seek to try to find out how it is for you know for our own further clarity for ourselves and for our purposes that we do not

00:51:14--> 00:51:24

the compliance to a command of a law depends on our understanding of the harm or the benefit in that command. No

00:51:27--> 00:51:33

it's only in our time that we've found out that no trick gnosis is common in the pig

00:51:35--> 00:51:36

disease

00:51:37--> 00:51:40

devastates the human body doesn't kill you. But it devastates

00:51:42--> 00:51:43

and it's common

00:51:44--> 00:51:44

to

00:51:47--> 00:51:47

carry most

00:51:50--> 00:51:53

Muslims didn't wait for two centuries to find out.

00:52:02--> 00:52:03

Similarly,

00:52:04--> 00:52:07

we have a statement of the problem was

00:52:18--> 00:52:18

said

00:52:20--> 00:52:24

while I was lying on my stomach anymore, Eman began to nudge me with this

00:52:25--> 00:52:29

and then this is a method of lying which

00:52:31--> 00:52:32

I looked up and saw that

00:52:47--> 00:52:48

welcome

00:52:53--> 00:52:54

this method of life

00:53:01--> 00:53:02

basis of

00:53:09--> 00:53:09

narration

00:53:15--> 00:53:16

without reporting

00:53:22--> 00:53:25

another jungle inhabited

00:53:28--> 00:53:29

by

00:53:30--> 00:53:30

Muslim

00:53:38--> 00:53:38

and

00:53:40--> 00:53:41

I remember myself

00:53:42--> 00:53:43

when I was traveling

00:53:46--> 00:53:46

and traveling

00:53:50--> 00:53:51

because they were

00:53:53--> 00:53:53

moving

00:53:55--> 00:53:56

knowledge

00:54:00--> 00:54:01

learn more about

00:54:02--> 00:54:03

whatever knowledge available

00:54:04--> 00:54:06

and while traveling with them remember

00:54:09--> 00:54:09

why

00:54:13--> 00:54:15

they gave some explanation but

00:54:16--> 00:54:17

really wasn't that

00:54:31--> 00:54:31

bad.

00:54:34--> 00:54:35

Well,

00:54:36--> 00:54:37

what about women?

00:54:38--> 00:54:38

You know, I mean,

00:54:41--> 00:54:42

I had my doubts about

00:54:43--> 00:54:45

Am I ready never heard any questions, you know,

00:54:46--> 00:54:48

good explanation. And

00:54:50--> 00:54:52

years later when I was in Panama

00:54:54--> 00:54:55

brothers

00:54:57--> 00:54:59

lecture and

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

This issue came up with people

00:55:14--> 00:55:16

believing that there is harmony.

00:55:17--> 00:55:25

And it was just the laws will let you know, when I'm flying from Panama going to Guyana and on the plane, they have Time Magazine.

00:55:27--> 00:55:34

And this issue of Time magazine was about back problems, various operations of

00:55:36--> 00:55:36

curvature,

00:55:37--> 00:55:49

the complex operation to correct problems. at the ends, you don't want to describe all the different operation, pictures and everything and add a list of doctors recommendation

00:55:50--> 00:55:51

in the very first

00:55:52--> 00:55:58

number one poor sleep posture is a short invitation to

00:56:00--> 00:56:15

use a firm mattress, lie on the side that bend in the knees. Avoid lying on the belly, a position that increases the spine lumber curvature, causing that familiar sagging called

00:56:18--> 00:56:20

right out of Time Magazine.

00:56:21--> 00:56:23

July 14,

00:56:37--> 00:56:40

I was reading an article in the newspapers where

00:56:42--> 00:56:45

I've been studying the phenomenon of what is known as

00:56:46--> 00:56:47

sudden death

00:56:50--> 00:56:54

that children should not be punished.

00:56:56--> 00:56:57

Because those children

00:57:00--> 00:57:01

mother goes away, comes back my

00:57:04--> 00:57:04

wife

00:57:06--> 00:57:06

died.

00:57:08--> 00:57:18

Don't know really what. But by analyzing situations within which all these kids died, they found that one thing they had in common the thing on their stomach.

00:57:19--> 00:57:20

So they

00:57:21--> 00:57:24

said that, that children should not be

00:57:33--> 00:57:43

we don't have to wait, you know, 1400 years to find out the cause of way back and curvature of the spine and killed baby. We don't

00:57:49--> 00:58:01

know, we know medically speaking, of course, you know my child has got you may put the child temporary while you're pregnant with the child to help come up. But you don't put the child

00:58:03--> 00:58:06

according to medical professional recommendations.

00:58:07--> 00:58:08

So

00:58:09--> 00:58:13

looking back then at the sooner we see that

00:58:16--> 00:58:17

did certain things

00:58:20--> 00:58:30

chose the slide like two things which were personal and then there are other things which he commands. Now, going back to the issue of the sample.

00:58:32--> 00:58:33

There may be

00:58:35--> 00:58:39

some factor which may be shown no one besides research.

00:58:41--> 00:58:45

And if you walk for example, outside with one sandal on

00:58:50--> 00:58:52

your foot with a tablet touching the ground

00:58:54--> 00:58:55

without touching

00:58:56--> 00:58:57

the ground, this

00:58:58--> 00:58:59

means there's a difference in temperature.

00:59:05--> 00:59:06

And the difference

00:59:08--> 00:59:14

there may be sizes when you look into that they may find that there is something

00:59:15--> 00:59:17

the system is affected in some way. Because it

00:59:19--> 00:59:19

could be

00:59:23--> 00:59:26

a one foot being slightly higher than the other ones you walk it

00:59:27--> 00:59:29

could affect your posture in some ways.

00:59:30--> 00:59:32

But the point is we don't have to wait on society

00:59:36--> 00:59:37

to comply with commandments.

00:59:42--> 00:59:44

I should also mention here

00:59:45--> 00:59:48

very, very, very, very famous.

00:59:51--> 00:59:52

collected by Muslim

00:59:54--> 00:59:54

worrying

00:59:56--> 00:59:58

and what's really the basis of this idea

01:00:05--> 01:00:06

Ah

01:00:19--> 01:00:23

people of Medina, artificially pollinating the

01:00:27--> 01:00:29

palm trees, male and female,

01:00:33--> 01:00:33

the wind,

01:00:35--> 01:00:41

insects, they carry the pollen from the male tree, the female

01:00:42--> 01:00:43

call it causes to

01:00:46--> 01:00:48

become ripe. And we're

01:00:50--> 01:00:56

the people of Medina, they would artificially follow them by taking a portion out of the mail. Like

01:00:58--> 01:01:00

when the postmaster lamb came across

01:01:01--> 01:01:02

the ask them

01:01:03--> 01:01:04

why they were doing

01:01:05--> 01:01:14

and they replied that it was their habit to do so. And we know we know and the sooner you can see so many things in which point towards

01:01:15--> 01:01:17

dealing with things in a natural way.

01:01:18--> 01:01:20

You're not plucking your eyebrows

01:01:22--> 01:01:27

marking your face filing you're making cuts, these things have been

01:01:28--> 01:01:29

artificially

01:01:31--> 01:01:33

marked Mario way that a lot

01:01:35--> 01:01:37

find the general recommendations

01:01:39--> 01:01:50

going on a general recommendation, he, when he asked them why you're doing it, they said we always did it in our parents did it. So we continue to do it he said to them, perhaps if you did not do it

01:01:57--> 01:01:58

the next year,

01:01:59--> 01:02:00

the following

01:02:02--> 01:02:06

the following year the crap that they received from the flop tremendous.

01:02:07--> 01:02:08

So they came to problems I thought

01:02:14--> 01:02:15

to myself,

01:02:17--> 01:02:18

I am only

01:02:21--> 01:02:26

when I issue any command to you regarding your religious accent.

01:02:27--> 01:02:32

But when I issue any command to you, based on my own opinion, nearly

01:02:43--> 01:02:49

what happened that whenever someone made a decision based on his opinion,

01:02:50--> 01:02:51

along with

01:02:55--> 01:03:04

what happened, correct, because if a law did not correct, and let me be known to the people that this was the opinion of the problem, and

01:03:05--> 01:03:08

then it would be prohibited for us to artists.

01:03:15--> 01:03:16

So a lot

01:03:18--> 01:03:22

of you could have been hired because by the wind

01:03:24--> 01:03:25

on occasion,

01:03:26--> 01:03:30

but it's just that when you artificially pollinate guarantee

01:03:32--> 01:03:32

so a lot of calls

01:03:33--> 01:03:34

to bring out

01:03:37--> 01:03:37

the opinion of

01:03:39--> 01:03:44

where we have things to buy his own personal opinion. We have

01:03:50--> 01:03:51

legal

01:03:54--> 01:03:57

no coming from the legal center.

01:04:00--> 01:04:01

We can go into

01:04:03--> 01:04:04

something of

01:04:05--> 01:04:09

Islamic law, because I said we're supposed to cover both

01:04:15--> 01:04:16

and

01:04:19--> 01:04:21

under the heading of the legal

01:04:23--> 01:04:31

which has come to us, this has been the fight divided commandments for efficient divided into five

01:04:33--> 01:04:33

common

01:04:37--> 01:04:38

what is known as

01:04:39--> 01:04:40

logic

01:04:47--> 01:04:48

what is known as men do,

01:04:50--> 01:04:51

also called

01:04:52--> 01:04:53

second category

01:04:55--> 01:04:56

third category

01:05:26--> 01:05:29

third category fourth category is called

01:05:30--> 01:05:31

mccoo

01:05:33--> 01:05:34

and the fifth category

01:05:36--> 01:05:36

called

01:05:42--> 01:05:48

that is from commandments and practices, you can divide them into these

01:05:52--> 01:05:53

Why did you or

01:05:56--> 01:05:57

literally compulsive

01:06:03--> 01:06:03

man

01:06:04--> 01:06:05

or sooner

01:06:09--> 01:06:13

another term used here is also who's the hub, all of these treats or

01:06:14--> 01:06:15

recommend

01:06:18--> 01:06:19

third category, MOBA

01:06:21--> 01:06:21

means

01:06:23--> 01:06:24

allow

01:06:32--> 01:06:35

moku we really dislike

01:06:40--> 01:06:42

these are terms that we hear

01:06:44--> 01:06:44

commonly.

01:06:51--> 01:06:56

Now, this division of course, was not made by the Prophet he

01:06:58--> 01:07:00

did not say this commandment

01:07:07--> 01:07:09

looking at the various commandments of the property,

01:07:11--> 01:07:21

they for the purpose of applying these principles from the sender to day to day life, they categorize them.

01:07:22--> 01:07:23

Now,

01:07:24--> 01:07:32

that which is compulsory, why'd you will find in the Hanafi madhab, they make a distinction between

01:07:34--> 01:07:37

the majority of scholars in the other schools do not

01:07:42--> 01:07:42

Hanafi school

01:07:46--> 01:07:49

is considered something which is made compulsory

01:07:51--> 01:07:52

whereas, watch

01:07:59--> 01:08:02

for the Georgia scholars watch private action

01:08:06--> 01:08:08

since both islands

01:08:12--> 01:08:14

revelation, there really is no distinction

01:08:16--> 01:08:17

whatever you command.

01:08:19--> 01:08:23

So, first category compulsory, this

01:08:24--> 01:08:26

is looked at as

01:08:28--> 01:08:31

any commandment which was given by the prophet

01:08:35--> 01:08:38

wherein he made no exception

01:08:40--> 01:08:50

commanded us to do something and there are no exceptions. Exceptions either by his practice, or by statements, or by companions of the

01:08:52--> 01:08:54

process of doing things in his presence.

01:08:56--> 01:08:59

None of this exists. We understand that command

01:09:03--> 01:09:03

for example,

01:09:07--> 01:09:08

solo

01:09:09--> 01:09:10

command

01:09:11--> 01:09:12

there are no

01:09:13--> 01:09:14

exception

01:09:21--> 01:09:22

growing the beard

01:09:25--> 01:09:25

so he

01:09:27--> 01:09:28

commanded us

01:09:37--> 01:09:37

watch

01:09:40--> 01:09:42

though some people refer to it as

01:09:43--> 01:09:43

recommended

01:09:46--> 01:09:48

you see a clear commandment of the problem.

01:09:49--> 01:09:50

We're in

01:09:53--> 01:09:53

this

01:09:54--> 01:09:59

business of our belief that obeying the prophet SAW some lemons obeying a law

01:10:01--> 01:10:03

distinguishing ourselves from

01:10:09--> 01:10:15

the second category that was recommended this is things which

01:10:17--> 01:10:18

encouraged us to do

01:10:20--> 01:10:22

or which he

01:10:23--> 01:10:24

did most often.

01:10:29--> 01:10:32

For example, among the recommended teams, we have

01:10:33--> 01:10:34

to pray for

01:10:37--> 01:10:39

volunteers, prayers, recommended prayers before

01:10:40--> 01:10:40

or

01:10:43--> 01:10:44

after

01:10:46--> 01:10:47

these are recommended

01:10:51--> 01:10:52

not compulsory

01:10:54--> 01:10:54

recommend

01:10:56--> 01:10:58

this also includes

01:10:59--> 01:11:03

a category of things with the process and and commanded us to do something.

01:11:04--> 01:11:05

And then he

01:11:07--> 01:11:11

has modified that command by his own practice.

01:11:17--> 01:11:17

For example,

01:11:19--> 01:11:20

pray

01:11:21--> 01:11:23

five daily prayers

01:11:25--> 01:11:26

in the time.

01:11:28--> 01:11:30

This is a commandment

01:11:33--> 01:11:37

commandment from the swindler. However, from

01:11:39--> 01:11:42

a Muslim, he prayed

01:11:44--> 01:11:47

before and after together.

01:11:48--> 01:11:50

Margaret, Aisha.

01:11:52--> 01:11:57

When there was no rain, no sickness, nothing to

01:11:58--> 01:12:05

say, Well, this is the reason why he did. And when he was asked about he said, that you didn't

01:12:06--> 01:12:06

remove

01:12:11--> 01:12:13

given a circumstance where

01:12:14--> 01:12:15

difficult for a

01:12:17--> 01:12:17

job

01:12:18--> 01:12:21

or tiredness, because

01:12:23--> 01:12:26

tired should go to sleep. Pray when you

01:12:27--> 01:12:30

stand up there and maybe

01:12:31--> 01:12:33

committee shifting what you're saying.

01:12:36--> 01:12:40

You don't have any concentration, a lot of becomes useless. You go to sleep wake up.

01:12:42--> 01:12:52

Without your attention. I don't mean that time to pray. And you know, you don't have to pay for to delays, delays, delays and eventually, time of prayer. If you do it that way. You're you're committed.

01:12:53--> 01:12:55

But if you because of your circumstances,

01:12:57--> 01:13:02

and you look you're sleeping, so you make the intention of praying door along with your offer.

01:13:04--> 01:13:05

based on the fact that

01:13:09--> 01:13:09

food is served

01:13:11--> 01:13:12

from something when food is served.

01:13:14--> 01:13:16

There's no prayer, no prayer.

01:13:17--> 01:13:22

For a time coming, you know, it's going to take time to eat your meal. So you make the intention to pray.

01:13:24--> 01:13:24

You know, if you know

01:13:25--> 01:13:26

that the food is coming,

01:13:29--> 01:13:33

you're likely to miss that time of prayer, then you make the intention to pray.

01:13:40--> 01:13:44

So this is from the sooner we've understood that

01:13:45--> 01:13:47

this is something which is

01:13:49--> 01:13:52

highly recommended for us to pray Our prayer.

01:13:54--> 01:13:59

But it is not compulsory to the point that if you didn't do so, in the case, when you join

01:14:00--> 01:14:21

or, you know, we know that prakasam did it when he was traveling, there are other circumstances and syphilis women who came who are bleeding continually, you know, he told them to join the prayers. So, we know that there are a variety of circumstances where you are allowed join those prayers. We know that the praying on the time then is general recommendation.

01:14:22--> 01:14:26

Not a compulsory statement you become sinful join

01:14:30--> 01:14:39

something can be understood to be recommended by the commanding something and then modifying the command by an action or by

01:14:42--> 01:14:50

the category of what is mobile This is something wherein there is no command or for efficient anyway.

01:14:57--> 01:14:59

An example of that would be like

01:15:00--> 01:15:02

Taking a bath, because

01:15:10--> 01:15:10

nothing

01:15:13--> 01:15:16

told you in any way shape or form that you should

01:15:18--> 01:15:19

take that back, because

01:15:26--> 01:15:31

the fourth category is referred to as moku, which means this light.

01:15:33--> 01:15:35

And this category represents

01:15:37--> 01:15:44

the category of things which the prophet SAW some of them identified as being faithful, like I gave you the example of

01:15:46--> 01:15:48

a man's stomach

01:15:53--> 01:15:53

from something

01:15:58--> 01:16:11

also, it is a category of things which provide some love, for example, for bass, strong term, but later in his action or statement, reduce the prohibition

01:16:14--> 01:16:17

with the dislike, for example,

01:16:18--> 01:16:20

if any of you find yourself drinking or eating,

01:16:25--> 01:16:26

don't eat them,

01:16:29--> 01:16:30

if you took that alone

01:16:31--> 01:16:36

would indicate that it's hard to do, however, companions that they saw

01:16:39--> 01:16:39

and

01:16:42--> 01:16:45

so, we know from that, that

01:16:46--> 01:16:46

no, no

01:16:47--> 01:16:49

thumbs up and other than

01:16:50--> 01:16:53

we know from that, that the command

01:16:55--> 01:16:58

was here, one indicating dislike,

01:16:59--> 01:17:01

who likes to drink,

01:17:02--> 01:17:03

but that it is

01:17:06--> 01:17:06

preferable.

01:17:11--> 01:17:13

The last category is that

01:17:16--> 01:17:18

and we know something is cut off

01:17:19--> 01:17:20

without any,

01:17:24--> 01:17:24

any normal

01:17:35--> 01:17:36

we also know

01:17:38--> 01:17:39

that that one who does this

01:17:41--> 01:17:42

one who does this

01:17:43--> 01:17:44

will end up in hell.

01:17:49--> 01:17:55

The punishment for a particular Act, the Hellfire, then that thing must be prohibited

01:18:00--> 01:18:02

also, if

01:18:03--> 01:18:04

the purpose

01:18:06--> 01:18:16

or a law through the court has identified a particular punishment in the city, for it is often considered

01:18:18--> 01:18:18

when occasion

01:18:22--> 01:18:24

stealing your hand.

01:18:30--> 01:18:30

Now,

01:18:32--> 01:18:40

in terms of reward and punishment, these categories could be looked at in this way that

01:18:42--> 01:18:42

was the bar

01:18:46--> 01:18:47

which if you do it,

01:18:48--> 01:18:52

you are rewarded. If you do not do it, you are punished.

01:18:55--> 01:19:03

harassed Haram is an app which if you do it, you are punished. If you do not do it, you are rewarded.

01:19:10--> 01:19:18

Almost the hub recommend that if you do it, you are rewarded. If you do not do it, there is no punishment.

01:19:21--> 01:19:21

Then

01:19:23--> 01:19:25

which if you do it,

01:19:26--> 01:19:30

you are not punished. You do not do it. You are rewarded.

01:19:32--> 01:19:36

And then in the middle we have something which if you do

01:19:37--> 01:19:39

punishment or reward if you don't do it

01:19:44--> 01:19:59

those are your major categories into which the Muslim scholars have divided up everything. Everything we do in our life, everything we eat everything where everything which exists around us comes under one of these

01:20:00--> 01:20:00

I've

01:20:01--> 01:20:02

always thought a lot.

01:20:06--> 01:20:09

So for example, we have the issue of smoking.

01:20:11--> 01:20:16

Smoking cigarettes, Ganja, marijuana, no doubt.

01:20:17--> 01:20:21

But smoking cigarettes is an issue which many people said.

01:20:22--> 01:20:23

We hear some people say,

01:20:25--> 01:20:26

how do we,

01:20:27--> 01:20:29

On what basis was it?

01:20:32--> 01:20:44

When smoking when tobacco first came into the Muslim world, into the Ottoman Empire, the scholars of the time, they looked at the effects of smoking.

01:20:45--> 01:20:49

And the only thing they could see as an effect from it was bad breath.

01:20:51--> 01:20:52

Smoke, cigarette

01:20:54--> 01:20:54

smoking.

01:21:01--> 01:21:10

And so they went back to the [???]ty the law to find that find out how does Islam rule on bad things which cause bad breath.

01:21:11--> 01:21:12

And they were had these

01:21:14--> 01:21:16

onions, garlic,

01:21:21--> 01:21:26

onion and garlic, being in the presence of people pray and such as considered to be

01:21:30--> 01:21:33

because, of course, prayer when we make a law, you know, we say so.

01:21:37--> 01:21:40

If you're just eating some garlic, that's definitely

01:21:41--> 01:21:42

harming your Muslim brother.

01:21:44--> 01:21:47

So you're not allowed to eat garlic.

01:21:51--> 01:21:59

So they will, based on this, they said, okay, since this is similar causes similar effects. We make a similar ruling, that smoking dissolve.

01:22:02--> 01:22:03

However,

01:22:05--> 01:22:06

a few years back,

01:22:08--> 01:22:12

after extensive research of half a century,

01:22:13--> 01:22:21

the medical profession have concluded without a doubt that smoking produces cancer

01:22:24--> 01:22:26

and cancer, cute.

01:22:28--> 01:22:30

Therefore, smoking kills

01:22:32--> 01:22:33

you body of knowledge.

01:22:37--> 01:22:53

So the ruling now has to change, you can keep going about by the same ruling was made 400 years ago, we have a new situation here now. Information tells us now that smoking kills. So we have a new category, we have a category of a poison.

01:22:55--> 01:23:00

Before we know in this law firm doesn't know whoever killed himself.

01:23:03--> 01:23:05

It did so by drinking poison

01:23:07--> 01:23:08

by finding himself

01:23:16--> 01:23:18

perpetually unhealthy. So we know that

01:23:20--> 01:23:20

the punishment

01:23:21--> 01:23:23

for suicide

01:23:25--> 01:23:26

is held.

01:23:27--> 01:23:29

As we said, whenever a punishment

01:23:31--> 01:23:34

for a deed is defined the deed becomes

01:23:36--> 01:23:37

ruling for smoke.

01:23:42--> 01:23:44

Of course I know smokers will say well,

01:23:48--> 01:23:54

maybe 40 years from now maybe and the point in Islamic law. If you take

01:23:55--> 01:23:57

you out the door you just

01:23:59--> 01:24:00

sort of ticking like a full glass

01:24:02--> 01:24:02

of

01:24:04--> 01:24:07

orange juice every morning. Drink it by

01:24:08--> 01:24:09

following the diet.

01:24:11--> 01:24:14

This is the same ticket and a full block and

01:24:17--> 01:24:21

you knew what you're taking with you you could kill you. So then it becomes

01:24:24--> 01:24:31

the action in Islamic law. Something which may be ruled in general as being halau. For example, sugar.

01:24:32--> 01:24:33

Sugar is

01:24:35--> 01:24:35

sugar.

01:24:37--> 01:24:39

But if you are a diabetic

01:24:40--> 01:24:48

and the doctor tells you to take sugar it will kill you and make you comatose to die than sugar for you.

01:24:53--> 01:24:59

See the rulings of Islamic law depends on the evidence that we have you

01:25:00--> 01:25:01

Some of the effects

01:25:03--> 01:25:06

the president says, Well, everybody was smoking.

01:25:07--> 01:25:07

Because

01:25:09--> 01:25:20

you're right about this woman in China was 30 years old. 20 years old. You know, they asked about her lifestyle, she smoked the guard every day and you know, didn't have glass of alcohol.

01:25:21--> 01:25:22

What are they promoting?

01:25:26--> 01:25:26

promoting?

01:25:28--> 01:25:37

It's been allowed will that just smoke the, you know, the God every day and drank the glass, the arcology, lift 200 2003 whatever it was.

01:25:38--> 01:25:40

But is that the case for everybody?

01:25:43--> 01:25:46

No, the vast majority of people who do that die

01:25:49--> 01:25:52

a lot get Term Life as defined

01:25:54--> 01:25:55

which is a sign to us

01:25:57--> 01:25:59

that people are will

01:26:02--> 01:26:04

the very things which kill everybody will not kill you.

01:26:11--> 01:26:13

It is ultimately amongst them.

01:26:15--> 01:26:21

However, we are obliged to deal with cause and effect.

01:26:23--> 01:26:30

If the majority of people who think cigarettes die of cancer, then we assume that cigarettes

01:26:32--> 01:26:35

because we don't know whichever one was going to lift 220

01:26:38--> 01:26:40

so we go according to the general

01:26:41--> 01:26:43

how Islamic law is always applied.

01:26:44--> 01:26:45

Same thing with alcohol.

01:26:47--> 01:26:47

Alcohol.

01:26:50--> 01:26:51

Remember, my uncle

01:26:53--> 01:26:54

was saying

01:27:00--> 01:27:00

to me

01:27:03--> 01:27:04

on the on Sundays

01:27:09--> 01:27:16

if Islamic law came with this condition, those people who get drunk

01:27:17--> 01:27:18

are not allowed to drink.

01:27:20--> 01:27:21

Who is to say that

01:27:22--> 01:27:23

everybody's gonna

01:27:24--> 01:27:36

assume that they don't get drunk and drink. So because most people who drink get drunk, and when they get drunk, then they commit genius crime, said that intoxicants

01:27:38--> 01:27:40

are the mother or the birthplace

01:27:42--> 01:27:42

of

01:27:43--> 01:27:43

corruption,

01:27:45--> 01:27:45

call it

01:27:58--> 01:27:59

general way.

01:28:02--> 01:28:03

Similarly,

01:28:07--> 01:28:08

there are exceptions.

01:28:11--> 01:28:11

juggle

01:28:21--> 01:28:22

Islamic law

01:28:24--> 01:28:25

for

01:28:28--> 01:28:29

which you spoke about.

01:28:32--> 01:28:32

And we mentioned that

01:28:34--> 01:28:42

was the Arabic revelation of the English translation is defined as the words of Allah.

01:28:46--> 01:28:46

In Arabic,

01:28:51--> 01:28:57

recitation is the act of worship, on the smallest chapter of this

01:28:58--> 01:28:59

is a miracle. In

01:29:04--> 01:29:04

fact,

01:29:07--> 01:29:09

one of the main pillars of

01:29:12--> 01:29:14

the second footnote which we spoke about

01:29:17--> 01:29:18

the legal

01:29:22--> 01:29:24

The third is referred to as

01:29:26--> 01:29:28

consensus of the competitors.

01:29:29--> 01:29:41

Now these first two that I mentioned, these are what we call Sharia. They are based on divine revelation. The next two are based on what we call HDR reasoning.

01:29:43--> 01:29:44

That one was

01:29:45--> 01:29:47

mounted to consensus.

01:29:50--> 01:29:52

The fourth one is called PR

01:29:53--> 01:29:54

or

01:29:55--> 01:29:56

induction by way of

01:30:00--> 01:30:01

Example of which

01:30:02--> 01:30:02

is

01:30:03--> 01:30:04

the collection of the

01:30:08--> 01:30:09

time he did not collect.

01:30:10--> 01:30:11

After his death,

01:30:13--> 01:30:17

one year into the rules of a walker, Omar games ibaka

01:30:19--> 01:30:21

suggested that the compiler

01:30:24--> 01:30:25

gather up all right.

01:30:30--> 01:30:31

Why because

01:30:33--> 01:30:42

number of people had memorized large portions of the crime of being killed in the battle, battle taking place, early

01:30:43--> 01:30:44

Walker.

01:30:45--> 01:31:00

And the reason being that those people who had memorized largest portions of the Quran, they had absorbed the meanings of the choir such that they were in the front lines in the Bible talks about giving your life

01:31:01--> 01:31:03

guaranteed. So they were in

01:31:06--> 01:31:08

there, we're not just memorizing, you know, you got a guy with

01:31:10--> 01:31:10

just

01:31:11--> 01:31:12

one word of

01:31:14--> 01:31:14

what is

01:31:16--> 01:31:20

decided from beginning to 90,000 hours. God, what does this word mean?

01:31:23--> 01:31:24

Amen, but

01:31:25--> 01:31:31

not what we are encouraged to learn, not the way we're encouraged

01:31:34--> 01:31:36

to learn the Quran, five verses.

01:31:37--> 01:31:47

And then we learn more to another to a new five verses until they learn all that a lot commanded in those verses. What was halala

01:31:48--> 01:31:50

and they tried to fly themselves then they went on to

01:31:55--> 01:31:56

the point is that

01:31:57--> 01:32:00

because so many people are being killed, Omar recognized that there was

01:32:01--> 01:32:02

knowledge and

01:32:06--> 01:32:12

I will walk away with first just to see him. He said no, how could I do something?

01:32:14--> 01:32:15

That was his first reaction.

01:32:16--> 01:32:18

Because it appeared something looking like

01:32:19--> 01:32:26

something which didn't do that comparative very, very nervous, very, very wary about doing something.

01:32:27--> 01:32:30

All Mark did reason with him so and so until he accepted

01:32:32--> 01:32:36

reasonability based on the birth of the crime itself, what it was

01:32:38--> 01:32:42

referring to the crime as you know, I'm talking about seven pending people drive down

01:32:44--> 01:32:45

there with the compiler.

01:32:47--> 01:32:50

So after that they went to

01:32:53--> 01:32:54

was one of the

01:32:56--> 01:32:58

people who wrote down revelation

01:32:59--> 01:33:00

memorize all for under the

01:33:02--> 01:33:06

president with the progress from the plan was twice

01:33:11--> 01:33:13

and he was given to him.

01:33:20--> 01:33:21

When they came to him with his

01:33:22--> 01:33:29

birth, his reaction was no way. I could also tell him didn't do it. Same thing, just like

01:33:31--> 01:33:44

well, they raised with him until he agreed, and it was a consensus of the Muslims on the basis of that, that the Koran was compiled as one example of

01:33:46--> 01:33:49

similarly, the second abandom tomorrow

01:33:51--> 01:33:53

we may just have one or

01:33:55--> 01:33:55

two.

01:34:04--> 01:34:12

Once you find the most matches, then make a van. Plug it up to mix them up. And then the amount comes in, they make another