Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 02

Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

Series:

Topics: Tafsir

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Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Karim. Allah Allah was hobby minister Nebuchadnezzar Dean

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operates due to a law and millas Peace and blessings when the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi, wa sallam, and and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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In the previous

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class, we looked at the name of the surah

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and discussed the differences that we find in names from one Quran to another, different printings of the Quran,

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pointing out that the names for the most part are not the part of Revelation.

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Then we looked at the place of revelation that this surah was generally looked at as having been revealed in Makkah, though there were verses one to eight, verse 28, and 107 to 110 that were revealed in Medina. Then we talked about the significance of the Mecca and Medina and revelations, why did scholars even bother to make this division and we pointed out its significance in terms of dour as well as the significance in terms of understanding Islamic law, etc.

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Then,

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we looked at the virtues of the surah.

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The different statements that the prophet SAW Selim had made regarding the surah

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that

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there comes with it in his presentation, tech tranquility, there is protection in it from the jail those who memorize the first 10 verses or the last 10 verses of the surah that this is protection against the Zhao also that it was a source of light

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between one Juma and the next, as well as being a source of forgiveness. When we looked at the first verse, and went into detail about alarmed Alhamdulillah Hilah De Anza, Allah Allah Abdel Kitab, Willem, you know,

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that we looked into detail about hummed praise, the difference between praise and thanks and, and,

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and in relationship to a law, the fact that he deserves all thanks and praise, and that his praising himself is not considered to be a negative quality as it would be for other human beings to praise ourselves, we're not allowed to praise ourselves. But in the last case, because he is Worthy of all praise, everything that exists is his, his praising is not out of a need that he has, but in informing us that we need to praise him.

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Then we looked at

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the

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phrase Alhamdulillah and its

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greatness the fact that the sentiment said it is the best form of supplication that Alhamdulillah is a subrogation itself. Now when we went on to look at the fact that the law refers to Mohammed's asylum here as his slave, and

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we went on to look

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at the nature of the book, a law refers to the client as being without any kind of deviation. And we compare that to the other scriptures. Then

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we looked at the warning, in verse two, which Allah had placed there, that for those

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who

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would follow the right path, there would be a great punish a great reward. But for those who would turn away from the truth, would not follow the truth to just come from the privacy asylum, that they would receive a very severe punishment. And we looked at the

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purpose of that in terms of scaring the believers. And that in the fact that even though a lie is scaring the believers in that sense, it's a form of blessing, because he could have just left them on their own, do what you wish, and just hold them to account in the end. But instead, he has further warned them send messengers to warn them.

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So that took us basically to the end of verse two, where a lot of said there, he made it straight, that is the book, to warn of a terrible punishment coming from him and to give glad tidings of a good reward to the believers who do righteous deeds. And we said that the good reward that is mentioned there is in fact, paradise. That is the good reward.

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Well,

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in verse three, we have actually confirmation of that fact that the good reward spoken about would be paradise because the law says there McAfee in a fee Abba, they will remain there forever.

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So what is he referring to a good reward in which you will remain forever. That is, of course, paradise. Chef Allah say me and he explained that this meant they will abide there in eternally, without any end, free from illness, death, hunger, thirst, heat or cold. Everything there will be perfect from all perspectives. The creed of Anderson, Noah Jamal, regarding both paradise and hell is that they exist now. They are in existence right now.

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And that they're both eternal.

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It is mentioned in the Koran, and there are many verses referring to the eternal nature of paradise. For the people of the right hand, there are only three verses concerning the eternal nature of hell. For the people of the left hand, right hand left hand being the hands in which one would receive one's book of deeds on the Day of Judgment. So the righteous people going to paradise are commonly referred to as the people of the right hand mentioned in the Quran. And that phrase is used by scholars in their own writings.

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I will say we mentioned three particular verses actually there's four. Anyway, the three that he mentions in Surah Nisa, where Allah says in the Medina cafaro, Allah Mu lamea Cooney, La Jolla fear Allah whom will Alia de la ilaha jahannam holiday in a fee Ha. La Canada Alcala la he yesira Indeed, Allah will not forgive those who disbelieve and did wrong, nor will he guide them to any way besides the way to hell, in which they will remain forever. That is easy for Allah. And so Allah has also very 64 and five in Allahu Allah annelle cassadine Awad de la home Syrah Holly Dena fee.

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Leia Juniper Li en la la Sierra.

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Indeed a law has cursed the disbelievers and has prepared for them a flaming fire in which they will remain forever and they will find neither a protector nor a helper. And in Surah, and Jin, the 23rd verse, My yasi la wa Sula for in Allahu nara jahannam Holly Dena fee ha Aveda. And for whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, there is the Hellfire, in which they will remain forever.

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So those three verses again Surah Nisa, which is the fourth chapter verses 168 and 169 Surah Al ahzab, the 33rd chapter, verse 64, and 65 and Surah Al Qian, verse 23. As we mentioned before, there are many verses which talk about the

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perpetual and eternal nature of paradise. But there are only a few, which refer to the perpetual nature of hell.

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Ellucian goes on to say if these three verses from a lot of Scripture are clear in stating that the eternal nature of hell

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or stating the eternal nature of hell, there should not be any difference of opinion regarding it. As was said, he quoted line of poetry, les sekulow, que la Jara, matara, la, la, la who have one minute every, not every difference is worth consideration, except for differences supported by evidence, meaning, if one goes into fic

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and we look at the whole body of Islamic law, Sharia

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as put together by the scholars, from Voodoo, to Hajj, to business to Jihad to all the different areas, you can hardly find

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an issue in which there isn't a difference of opinion.

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Now, the fundamental issue is no there is no difference of opinion you have to make will do nobody difference about that. But now, how you make would

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you have to make so long nobody difference but how do you make this a lot you have to make hugs and so on and so forth. So you find on virtually every issue,

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some difference, the fine details and some of these differences are worth considering.

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as Amy mentioned, because the evidence is to support these differences. Others of these differences are not worth considering.

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Because they may have been as a result of a lack of evidence evidence, or the evidence is weak is not support, it is not authentic, or it is evidence from the wrong source, when there is other evidence to the contrary, and a variety of different reasons, which we then take it out of consideration.

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So we don't say well, so there are differences, which actually ended up giving us options in terms of what we can do, problems are solved. And when he started satellite raise his hands to the level of the shoulders,

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some narrations, he raises his hands to the level of his ears. So okay, that's something you can do one or the other, because they're both authentic. So one cannot say Salah should only be done by raising your hand to the level of the shoulders. Nor should one say this is for women.

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You know, you have some methods that say this is for women, this is for men, right? But there's no evidence to say one is for women. One is for men, the prophet SAW Selim did both. And he didn't say this one's for men, and this one's for men. So therefore,

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that difference represents it's a difference, which is considered should be considered as optional. You may do this, or you may do that.

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But there are other differences said, which are based on inauthentic ideas, like for example, where do you place your hands after making tech beer? Where do you place your hands? Some people place it underneath their navel? Some people drop it by their sides, you know, some people put it on their chest. So which one is it? Well, when we look to the audience, we find that the placing of the right hand on the left hand on the chest. This is what is recorded in the authentic heads, even in the Maliki School, where about half of the scholars placed their hands at the sides.

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If we read in Mr. Malik's book, he says the right hand is based on the left.

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He Himself said it in his book, what people do after that, that's their business. But so we say that those that difference then is not worth consideration. If there is no evidence for it, the clear practice of the prophet SAW them was that and even in America himself, to who is attributed praying with the hands by the sides, among the people around the sooner not this year.

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He himself in his own book, which he talked said place your right hand on the left hand.

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So, we make the distinction, you know, between these two different types of differences anyway.

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So he said, this is our lithiumion goes on to say, what is mentioned about the difference of opinion about the eternal nature of Hell has no real evidence. How could they all knowing creator say, eternally remaining in it? Kali Dena, Fie Ha. Aveda,

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then it be said that it's not eternal. But it's very strange.

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The law has clearly stated that even if it's just reverses of four verses,

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as it will Kodama adds another verse in that series.

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I'll mention it after.

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Actually, yeah, it's

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just take it now. That's the 43rd chapter, verse 7475. in which a law says there is no majority mean a fee either be jahannam Holly doon.

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factor on whom, for whom fee him will be soon, verily, the criminals will be in the torment of hell forever, Holly Dune,

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the torment will not be lightened for them, and they will be confused and regretful in it. So even if there are three or four verses only in the Quran, which clearly state, Hell is forever. And there are other verses where you could interpret it this way, or you could interpret it that way, you know, there's some difference that you could extract from it. Once you have the clear verses, those are the ones you go with, and you interpret the dubious or unclear or ambiguous versus according to the clear versus, you don't get caught up in the dubious and the ambiguous, you say, well, it could be this or it could be that maybe it's this and maybe that Well, no, when you have your claim versus

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right. So this is, you know, the point that share it with me was mentioning

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now, in terms of the proof that they have been is already created, because again, this is the issue. Some people feel now maybe haven't How can everything be created? It's created nobody in it, because nobody's going in it until after the judgement. So what's the point that's creating it? No one could raise this kind of logical kind of issues. You know why? No, no, we don't think it's created. Well. We find in swirl and also Allium Ron, verse 133, are a bit limited in heaven is described as are a little more prepared for the God fearing

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past tense, right that ready prepared.

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Proof can also be found. Of course, somebody could say well, you know

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Sometimes the law uses the past to indicate the future.

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Sometimes the law uses the past, in a linguistic, eloquent style, to indicate the future to indicate the definiteness of the future. He uses the past and there are evidences for that somebody could come back and say, Oh, that's not clear proof. Well, let's go to the sooner then, if we can't get clear proof, if we have some doubts about the crime, then we go to the next source, right? Because the last month Allah said, when I like vichara it to be in any nasty manzanilla him will reveal to you the reminder in order that you may clarify for the people, what was revealed for them. So what we find in the Hadith concerning the eclipse prayer, so a lot to the

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right transversal and said,

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after praying this aloud to the consumer, he turned to his companion, he said, Indeed, I saw paradise, and I had a bunch of fruit from it. If I brought it, you would have eaten from it as long as this world existed. And I saw the Hellfire, and I've never seen anything more fearful before.

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Okay, this, of course, is inside al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. So we don't have any room to say, well, maybe that's a dive No, sorry, Bukhari and Muslim finish. Furthermore, we have the Hadith narrated by Abu huraira, in which the prophet SAW Selim said, When Allah created paradise past tense,

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he said to jabril, go and look at it. So this is not talking. It's not the general verse, that you could say that the last thing prepared for the believers, or maybe it means in the future, it is, you know, a lot is it prepared, in his in his understanding, it is his decision is cut off, but it will not really appear until after

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the judgment, this is clear.

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When a law created paradise, he said to jabril go and look at it. He went and looked at it, then came and said, Oh, my Lord, by your might, no one who hears of it will fail to enter it

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a lot and surrounded it with disagreeable things, and said, Go and look at it. Oh jabril he went and looked at it then came and said, Oh, my Lord, by your might, I'm afraid that no one will enter it.

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When Allah created hell, he said, Oh jabril go look at it. He went and looked at it and then came and said, Oh, my Lord, by your might no one who hears of it will enter it.

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He then surrounded it with desirable things and said, Oh jabril go and look at it. He went and looked at it and came and said, Oh, my Lord, by your might I'm afraid that no one will remain who does not enter it?

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Okay, and this of course, involves us and them expressed in another Hadith well known Hadith in which he said, Haji Betty narrow Misha, what

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the Hellfire is veiled by desirable things for Haji bateel Jana to build Makati. And Paradise is veiled by the displeasure of all things things which are disliked.

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In terms of the location of Paradise is a question a lot of times people ask where it's paradise.

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Well, what we have is that it is in the alien in the highest level of the alien. where Allah said in the toffee in color in Nikita abroad in Fei Li. No indeed the record of the righteous is in the alien.

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In the well known hadith of Al Bara, concerning the trials of the grave prophets, I send them and said, fire Kunal long Isaiah Jen, October Kitab Abdi Fie, elene

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Why, why do who

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write the book of my servant in the alien and return him to the earth is that to do with when the person dies, and is righteous, the soul will go up into the heavens, and the angels will open the door of the heavens for him to go up and up

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until he reaches the point where Allah says, write this book for him in the highest levels. They lean.

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As far as hell goes, we understand it to be the lowest of the low, the lowest levels of the abyss. Kela in Nikita belfor Jerry Luffy said Jean

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no indeed the book of the corrupt is in st Jean and in the same

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Had Isabel Barra.

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Last month Allah says there octuple Kitab Abdi fees gene fill, fill out the SU Fleur alomost I will say write the book of my servant in C gene in the lowest Earth. So it is the, in the lowest of the low lowest point which are referred to as Earth.

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exactly where that location is still is a mystery. You know, we can only say what a lion is messenger said. But now to go to details, is it in the center of this earth? Or there are seven errors that the prophet SAW some spoke of as their seven heavens or seven Earths and Where exactly are the seven Earth's we stopped where he stopped.

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Now, we do have an individual who you should be aware of, who is very popular, he's got a lot of books has a very powerful site on the internet, you know, and he does a lot of writings against

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this theory of evolution and is quite effective Harmonia here, but he does have some problems. You know he has some aqeedah problems with regards to heaven and hell.

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Man His name is actually Adnan oktar as his actual name. Harun yahia is a pen name. He actually in his bs two books called allies known through reason and the truth of the life of this world. So you know, he stepped out of

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evolution, he goes into his own thing now, these are the books to watch out for.

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In it, he denies the separate existence of heaven and hell.

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In the appendix he called a different approach to matter. He says in it.

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I said before the question of death, paradise, Heaven, Hell, the hereafter changing dimensions and questions such as where is the law? What was before a law who created a law? How long will the life in the grave last? Where are Heaven and Hell? Where do you have the inhale currently exist? Are all easily answered, it will be understood with what kind of order Allah created the entire universe from out of nothing. So much so that this secret the question of when and where become meaningless, because there is no time and no space left. When spaceless ness is grasped,

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here comes the punch line, it will be understood that heaven, hell

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and the earth are actually the same place.

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If timelessness is grasped, it will be understood that everything takes place at a single moment. Nothing is waited for and time does not go by. Because everything has already happened and finished with this secret. The world becomes like heaven for the believer. This is interpretation. No, and he's off the mark here.

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Anyway as proof for the eternal nature of, of hell even Kodama mentioned the verse from a zakharov, which you mentioned, as well as the Hadith

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narrated by Abu Seidel, Hadrian, which he said, allows messenger said is a very famous Hadith death will be brought forth in the form of a black and white Ram.

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Then an announcer will announce all people of Paradise, this is after people run into paradise people got into hell

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or people of Paradise, then they will stretch their necks and look carefully, the announcer will say do you know this? They will say yes, this is death.

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By then all of them will have seen it there to be announced again Oh people have held they will stretch their necks and look carefully, the announcer will say do you know this? They will say yes, this is death

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and then all of them will have seen it.

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Then it will be slaughtered. And the announcer will announce Oh people of Paradise, eternity for you and no death or people of hell, eternity for you and no death.

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Then the prophet SAW Selim recited and warn them of the day of distress. When the case has been decided. While now they are in a state of carelessness and they do not believe that is Surah Maryam verse 39 this hadith of course, is in Bukhari and Muslim.

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Now, there are people Muslims, among them scholars who said that hell is not eternal and no this is an area when you come to

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Our oftentimes dealing with non Muslims.

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They don't want to think about hell, right? They don't want to hear about hell. In fact, they find that hell is unfair. God who is a God of love?

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Why is he gonna put anybody in hell? And they usually raise a bunch of questions about this. Why you just, you know, your committee check for that act of [???], that little act that you did, you've got hell forever. What a massive punishment for such a little deed.

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This is the kind of issues that they raised, right?

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Well, and of course, it's convenient to tell them Oh, yes, held ends, that would end the whole discussion you could carry on. But the reality is, this is not our belief. Anyway, those people who held the position that hell has an ending.

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Among them, the first among them are the jack mites. JOHN mites, they're named after john Eben SFX, one

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who was from the eighth century time of the tambien. And he made a variety of different claims.

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Among them, he denied all of the laws, attributes, except that allows the omnipotent and the creator rest of his attributes he denied.

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He also claimed that as long as one believed, good and bad deeds wouldn't affect him. Like the Christians,

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as long as you accept Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, finish, you can do anything you're guaranteed paradise.

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And he also affirmed an extreme form of predestination in which free will is denied altogether. Everything's already fixed, doesn't matter what you do, you're going where you're going finish, no free will in the matter.

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And amongst his claims was that

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paradise and hell will both come to an end.

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The second and of course, people who followed his line of reasoning they're included with jam. He was executed

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for his beliefs by the mayor, Calif, of his time

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when you refuse to recant these beliefs,

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the second group is led by the Imam of the pantheists

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in Arabi, a tie.

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Muhammad Ali Ibn Arabi was born in Spain, died in Damascus.

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He claimed to possess inner light and knowledge of the law his greatest name and refer to himself as the seal of the sainthood and he implied that that status was higher than the Prophet would.

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In the centuries following his death, his followers elevated him to the status of st

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and gave him the title Ushaped Akbar

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the greatest Master,

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but the majority of Muslim legal scholars considered him to be a heretic.

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Anyway,

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he claimed that the people of hell will be punished for a while, then their nature will become fiery. So they will enjoy the fire and it will be suited to their nature.

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You asked him where he got the evidence from

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he got it in some dream.

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Anyway, the third group and that represents the Sophie's you know even r&b is considered a you know one of their poles of Sufism, through whom molars blessings come to this world you can call on Him when time of need

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the other individual from the mortality light scholars, his name was Abu Howlin. And I laugh. He claimed that the life of people of hell will come to an end that they will become solid, unable to move or feel pain. He said this because he thought it was impossible for any creative being not to come to an end. That was his line of reasoning. As long as you're creative, you have to have an end. So it must come to an end. those groups represent basically they may be leading groups that have deviated The first being the worst second being as bad as the first and the third. You know, you could say okay, this is scholarly deviation. There is another scholarly deviation by some well known

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scholars, who are highly regarded as being among the leading scholars of the salaf of the early scholars who maintain the methodology of the prophets ourselves companions, they were able Tamia and nl pay him.

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Both of them claim that the Lord will remove from hell whom he wishes. As reported in the Hadith, which is true, he will take them out, then he will leave hell for a while before destroying it, because he has given it a specified amount of time.

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At the end of which it will end, okay.

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Now, there is evidence, I mean that they used, but it turns out that the Hadees, which they depended upon, turned out to be not authentic, or they were ambiguous. And, of course, word is ambiguous, then and you have more clear statements clearly indicating otherwise you go with the clear statements, just as we said before, concerning the habits concerning paradise.

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Okay, so

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without going into a lot of detail and a lot more detail concerning this difference of opinion. But the most important point is, you know, if we look into the great scholars of the past, you will find

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all of them had some positions, which were turned out to be incorrect. You know, Abu hanifa took the position that you could drink alcoholic drinks, as long as you don't get intoxicated, whose opinion he held. His own students went against that opinion

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abubaker, above Abu hanifa, he forbade hatch tomato salad on top,

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Mr. Malik, he considered that the best Mullah was not part of the crime, but majority of scholars held it was,

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and so on, and so forth. You know, you'll find that all scholars are human beings, and therefore they are capable of error.

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where people have legitimately made errors, you know, seeking the truth, then, we know as the last element said, Whoever makes HDR, and makes an error gets one reward. If they make it's too hard

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and correct, they get double the reward.

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And that's very important, actually, in these times. For some people have taken it upon themselves

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to become the policeman of the men hatch, they call it the man Hajj police, man has been the correct path. Right. And they have taken it upon themselves to decide who is on it and who isn't.

00:32:16--> 00:32:22

And they have knocked many people off, who they have no right to do

00:32:23--> 00:32:29

over errors, which are much smaller than greater areas of scholars of the past who they accept, you know.

00:32:30--> 00:32:39

But this exposes quite clearly, these type of areas exposed clearly the double standard, you know, and in the end,

00:32:40--> 00:32:43

the man has they're talking about is whatever they follow

00:32:44--> 00:33:03

is not necessarily the man had your the way of the Sahaba and the early generation scholars, but their interpretation of what that way is, and if you don't fit into their interpretation, then you are deviant. And if if you know somebody who doesn't fit into the interpretation and you don't agree that they're deviant, then you're also deviant.

00:33:05--> 00:33:06

And so on and so forth.

00:33:07--> 00:33:09

Anyway, in verse four,

00:33:10--> 00:33:14

a lot goes on to say, describing continuing to describe the Quran,

00:33:15--> 00:33:16

or the messenger,

00:33:18--> 00:33:25

Allah de Nepal, Taka, de la hawala, da, and warn those who say that Allah has given birth to a son,

00:33:26--> 00:34:13

with a mean suggested that this verse acted as an explanation for what was left unspecified. In the previous verse. It contains a warning to Christians who said that the Messiah was the son of a law and a warning to Jews who said that was there was the son of a law, as the law stated in the Quran. For quality Leah who do or zero need new law, equality nosara and Monsieur de la danika cola whom before him, you know, he una cola Latina, Kapha Roman kabu khattala who law and for goon the Jews call uzair a son of a law and the Christians call Christ the son of a law that is the same from their mouths, they aren't they're only imitating what the disbelievers of old used to say, alas,

00:34:13--> 00:34:31

curses upon them. How deluded are they? As in Surah Tauba verse 30. There is an individual on the internet who is leading a particular attack on Muslims and on the Quran itself. His name is jokin cats.

00:34:32--> 00:34:58

He in attacking the Quran after reciting the putting the verse in the heading of his attack that if you don't believe this is from if this was not from us, if this was from other than the law, you would find in it many differences many contradictions the rest of the client which allows states this right, Locanda min en de la la la vida doofy de la Finca Sierra. If it was from other than a la you would they would find it many many differences and contradictions he said okay.

00:35:00--> 00:35:05

Are 100 contradictions, so he went through the crime and he gathered up what he

00:35:06--> 00:35:25

identified as 100 contradictions and errors in the crime among them is this issue of Hosea being the son of God. And he said, since there is no evidence in the Bible, that Hosea was called the Son of God and it was there in Hebrew it's called Ezra.

00:35:27--> 00:35:32

Right, we can conclude that the Noble Quran is in error regarding this issue.

00:35:33--> 00:35:37

The Noble Quran is an error regarding this issue.

00:35:38--> 00:35:50

However, according to the encyclopedia, Judaica, Jerusalem edition, volume six, page 1103

00:35:51--> 00:35:59

was there called the father of Judaism by the Jews, was considered the Son of God, by the Jews of Yemen.

00:36:01--> 00:36:05

And isn't their own text, they affirm that this was the case.

00:36:06--> 00:36:08

So, so much for that contradiction.

00:36:09--> 00:36:21

And you can hear quoted even as hoc as saying this verse actually refers to the pagan Arabs, who used to refer to angels as being the daughters of a law. They used to worship the angels as Daughters of a law.

00:36:22--> 00:36:45

A law in verse five goes on to say, mala who became an L, will Ali Abba M. Kabbalah, Kelly Martin Takara, German for him, he una Illa cassava, they have no knowledge about it, nor do their fathers. The word coming out of their mouths is very grave. What they are saying is nothing but a lie.

00:36:46--> 00:37:31

Allah rejects the claim that he got a son in a variety of different ways throughout the crowd. Here he points out that the claim has no basis in knowledge, either it was invented by those who claim it or by their ancestors. From the history of Christianity, it is clear that the belief that Jesus was the Son of God did not become the dominant belief until the fourth century after the time of Christ. Furthermore, a critical look at the existing texts of the Bible do not support this claim. Although the title Son of God is used to describe Jesus in different texts of the Gospels, there are numerous places in the Old Testament where this title has been given to others. For example, God called

00:37:31--> 00:37:46

Israel at this prophet Jacob his son, when he instructed Prophet Moses to go to Pharaoh in Exodus. That's Exodus 422 23, who shall go to Pharaoh that say, The Lord Israel is my firstborn son.

00:37:47--> 00:37:50

And I say to you, let my son go, that he may serve me.

00:37:52--> 00:38:00

And in Second Samuel 813, and 14, God says, to Prophet Solomon, he calls prophet son of Solomon, his son,

00:38:02--> 00:38:42

he, Solomon shall build the house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. God promises to make profit David, his son in Psalms 8926, and 27, he shall cry on to me, Thou art my father, my God and the rock of my salvation, and I will make him my firstborn higher than the kings of the earth. Angels are called sons of God in the book of Job, job one, verse six. Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord and Satan also came among them.

00:38:43--> 00:38:58

Even in the New Testament, there are references to sons of God other than Jesus. For example, when the author of the Gospel according to Luke listed Jesus's ancestors back to Adam, he wrote, the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the Son of God.

00:38:59--> 00:39:45

Some claim that it was unique in the case of Jesus, that he was the only begotten Son of God, while others are merely sons of God. However, God is recorded as saying to Prophet David, in Psalm two, verse seven, I will tell the decree of the Lord, he said to me, You my son, today have, you are my son, today I have begotten you. Right? So it should be noted that nowhere in the Gospel does Jesus actually call himself Son of God. Instead, he is recorded as repeatedly calling himself the Son of Man. All right. So in spite of all the destruction, this distortion and changes that have taken place the gospel still keep this record, Jesus calling himself the Son of Man.

00:39:46--> 00:39:59

So I mean, the most we can conclude from the use of Son of God in the Bible is that this is a term metaphorically used for those who are close to God. Those who are doing the work of God, etc. that it didn't mean literally

00:40:00--> 00:40:13

A Son of God, and especially when you consider, you know, the first commandments, you know, which clearly indicate that God is one he has no relations and there is none besides Him, etc, that this is totally, you know, out to lunch.

00:40:17--> 00:40:50

We find also that Allah refutes the concept of him having a son by mentioning in one place that he didn't have a wife, logic, the never wife never Son, why are you going to talk about a son he didn't have a wife. Elsewhere you find him talking about it as being inappropriate is just plain unsuitable. As you find in Surah, Maryam verse, verses 92 and 93 is not suitable for the Most Gracious loving son, all in the heavens and earth come to the Most Gracious as a servant, where my money is.

00:40:52--> 00:41:18

And also you find elsewhere where a lot says, If you wish to have a son, he would have taken some of the greater aspects of his creation, because human beings are not the greatest thing in creation. He says elsewhere in the grind, you know, that the the creation of the heavens and the earth is far greater than the creation of human beings. So, if you were to take something to be a son, something you know, as close to him as a son, then he will choose it from other aspects of creation, not the human being.

00:41:19--> 00:41:22

These are all logical lines, which a lot of presents

00:41:24--> 00:41:33

concerning the phrase the word coming out of their mouth is grave, a law said to cabinet somehow, what do you mean who, but then shockula, Aldo

00:41:35--> 00:42:20

Jeevan, who had the I had an endow iraq manual, ah, the heavens are almost torn apart, the earth split into and the mountains crumble, that they claim the Most Gracious, have the sun aside, they explained, it is grave in the sense that it is such a great abomination. And its punishment is so serious, what could be more hideous than describing a loss having a son, which implies that he is deficient in others share in his lordship, his dominion, and his divinity, not to mention lying about him, about which Allah said, woman, woman, man, if Torah Allah like everybody, who is more evil than one who tells a lie about the law. As a result, he said, what they're saying is nothing

00:42:20--> 00:42:57

but a lie. That is, it is purely a lie containing no element of truth, because you have some lies, which have an element of truth to it. But this is pure lie, no element of truth to it at all, considered how invalidated their claims, gradually, he first informed they have no knowledge about it, nor do their fathers. And there is no doubt that speaking about the law without knowledge is prohibited and false. Then secondly, he informed that it is hideous and repulsive, saying the word coming out of their mouth is very great. then, thirdly, he mentioned its level of repulsiveness that it is a lie in contradiction to the truth.

00:42:59--> 00:43:15

I'll say mean suggested that the phrase coming out of their mouth implies that what they're saying with their tongues is not what is in their hearts, and that they're actually unsure that the laws of sun what's true, when you ask most Christians, you know, where do you mean the lies of sun Do you really believe allows the sun to say, Well, you know,

00:43:16--> 00:43:17

that's what they told us.

00:43:18--> 00:43:31

You know, I never really stopped to think about it, you'll find most Christians have doubts is not a clear, you know, and even those who feel Yes, he did have a sudden when you ask them, can you explain how it is? You find them in confusion?

00:43:33--> 00:43:37

And the same thing goes on to say because an intelligent person cannot say that the laws of sun

00:43:38--> 00:43:40

How could a lot of us human sun,

00:43:42--> 00:44:02

appearing like us eating, drinking and wearing clothes, afflicted by hunger, thirst, heat and cold? How could that be the son of the Almighty? Because of that, he said, what they're saying is nothing but a lie. Whether they are aware of it or not, whether it's deliberate or unintentional, it is falsehood.

00:44:03--> 00:44:04

Verse six.

00:44:05--> 00:44:19

Phil, I like about her enough sec. Allah asari him, many will be hardened Hadith esfr. Perhaps you will destroy yourself in grief following after them because they did not believe in this speech.

00:44:20--> 00:44:39

A lot shifts the topic now. After talking about the Quran begins with the Quran and the blessing of the Quran and how it is clear. And it deals with the biggest issue of confusion amongst non Muslims, that God had a son,

00:44:41--> 00:44:52

a human son. This is something you find throughout the world in one form or another having a son or that he became a man became a human being confusion between the creator and his creation.

00:44:53--> 00:44:56

Now, he shifts to

00:44:58--> 00:44:59

comforting the prophets, Allah

00:45:01--> 00:45:08

But in spite of the fact that all of this is clear truth, you have people who won't accept it. And the prophets are seldom,

00:45:09--> 00:45:11

being very compassionate

00:45:12--> 00:45:32

was driven to great grief and sorrow and sad when the disbelievers were not as an expression of his compassion, deep sympathy and pity for them, that's a lot advised him not to worry himself with grief and sadness for those of us believed in the Quran, as he did elsewhere in the Quran.

00:45:34--> 00:45:38

So as we said, in verse six, that Allah

00:45:40--> 00:46:29

has told the prophet SAW Selim, not to destroy himself with grief, you know, running after or following those who have rejected the message. And this is something which he repeats in different verses of the Quran we can find also in Surah, assura. That's the 26th chapter, verse three, lot of luck about her own enough Sekar Li qu, meaning, perhaps you are going to kill yourself with grief, that they do not become believers. We can also find in sort of out there, as your 35th chapter, verse eight, for Latin have nepsac Neff suka, Allah, him ha Surat do not destroy yourself and sorrow for them.

00:46:30--> 00:46:49

And this verse, Allah says, perhaps you will destroy yourself in sorrow and grief over them. Your reward is already an obligation on for a law, and if ally knew there was good in them, he would have guided them. However, he knows that they were only suitable for the hellfire. Consequently, he abandoned them and did not guide them.

00:46:51--> 00:47:40

Thus busying yourself with grief and sorrow over them is of no benefit. This verse and others like it contain a lesson, the one commanded to invite the creation to a law is required to convey the message and to utilize all means, which would lead to their guidance and to block all paths of misguidance and deviation possible, along with putting full trust in a law regarding it. If they are guided, that is well and good. If not, he should not be sad, no grief, for that will weaken the soul destroying one's vigor and drive and there is ultimately no benefit in it. Instead, he should continue doing what he was made responsible to do and focus on it. What is beyond that is beyond his

00:47:40--> 00:48:17

ability. So for law said to the Prophet, so it's a lump in nicoleta demon, but you cannot guide whom you love. And Prophet Moses, la Salaam said, Rob be in Nila amla Quinlan FC Ye, my Lord, indeed I only control myself and my brother. Those below them are all the more required to follow suit, as a law mighty said for that care in NEMA and termasuk care less than la him the Messiah to remind them for your only reminder you are not in control over them.

00:48:18--> 00:49:02

And the same mean said a lot most great and glorious comforts the profits or sell them and clarifies that he is not in any way responsible for their lack of response to the message. He is only responsible to convey the message which he did as a loyal mate he said in an illegal balance, you're only required to convey the message likewise is inheritors the scholars Their job is to convey the message as for guidance, it is in the laws hand. It is known that I believe in person will be sad if a person people do not respond to the truth. However, the person who is sad when people do not accept the truth is of two types. One, one type who is sad because he is not accepted.

00:49:04--> 00:49:10

And the other type who is sad because the truth is not accepted. If a person said

00:49:11--> 00:49:32

sorry, the second type is praiseworthy, because the first type calls to himself when he makes dour, while the second type calls to a law, most gracious and glorious. As a result, the Almighty said odourless Arabic call to the way of your Lord. If a person said when they understand the point here.

00:49:33--> 00:49:47

The point is that it's natural for a person to be sad. If you give that well, if you call people to the truth, and they don't respond, they don't accept it. You're going to be sad. But now look at why you're sad.

00:49:48--> 00:49:51

Are you sad because they didn't accept what you said?

00:49:52--> 00:49:55

Or are you sad because they didn't accept the truth which is from a law.

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

It is because they didn't accept what you said. It means your data

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

was to yourself.

00:50:02--> 00:50:10

Right? It wasn't to Allah. That's why a lot says, Allah subhanaw taala big call to the way of your Lord. Don't call to yourself. Right?

00:50:12--> 00:50:27

If a person said that he is sad, because his statements were not accepted, since they are the truth, because of that, if he statements proved to be untrue, he would follow the truth, would it then be praiseworthy or not?

00:50:28--> 00:50:39

Okay, there's a kind of a qualification here, right? If this was raised an issue, I'm sad, because my statement wasn't accepted, but it was because it is the truth.

00:50:40--> 00:51:03

Why I'm sad, because if the truth came, and it turned out to be not what I said, I will leave what I said and follow the truth. Is that what I did then praiseworthy is my being sad, praiseworthy. Yes, it's praiseworthy. But it's still not like the person who was calling to a law doesn't care who said it, when it was said whatever if it is, the truth from a lie is calling to it.

00:51:04--> 00:51:19

If people don't accept it is not sad. Because they don't accept it has nothing to do with him. If somebody else said it, and they didn't accept it, they will be sad. The same way sad, if he said it wasn't accepted. That is the best position to be in.

00:51:20--> 00:51:27

So that's, as far as we are going this time. We'll have to give you some chance here now to ask some questions.

00:51:28--> 00:51:32

If you have any questions on what we've covered, so far, this is up to the sixth verse.

00:51:34--> 00:51:38

I know some of you are saying, well, At this rate, when are we going to finish this chapter?

00:51:40--> 00:52:12

Well, it shall I will pick up pace, you know, as we go along, and the initial, we're looking at some of the basic principles, inshallah Sharla. But you know, it is tough here. And I don't want to rush through it, and skim over things, which are important points and considerations that we should keep in mind. For me, it is better that we work our way through the surah gradually, rather than Russia, way through it just so that we can finish off in a set period of time. So any questions? Do you have any questions right now?

00:52:13--> 00:52:28

I have a question about them, being the son of God, which I have mentioned to non Muslims before. And they said that Allah is mentioning in general, that the Jews do not wish there was a son of God, whereas it's only one set of the Jews in Yemen.

00:52:32--> 00:53:17

Okay, the question was concerning rosary, being the son of a law, as a statement from a sect amongst the Jews are not all the Jews. Well, we find the Quran using that type of phraseology, where Allah speaks about people worshipping Mary, then we know it's only a sect amongst Catholics that ended up worshipping Mary, you had this mirror reality, when she became a career sector and a religion in itself where people were worshipping married. It's not all Christians worship marry. I mean, Catholics still today do worship marry, they call on her in prayer. But they all have the Protestants don't. So you could read that same issue there, too. So the point is that, as long as it

00:53:17--> 00:53:52

is something which was held by some, and there are a legitimate part of that group, for a lot to make that reference because he's talking about the idea of saying of the law has a son, that the Jews have also said it, but if you notice, in the Quran, the idea of of Jesus being the son is repeated throughout the Quran, whereas the issue of Azeris mentioned in one place. What is it telling you it's also telling you Yes, it is not, it is not the common call of claim of the Jews but it does exist amongst them. Whereas for Christians, it is common so it's mentioned throughout the Quran

00:53:59--> 00:53:59

week.

00:54:33--> 00:54:57

Okay, brother mentioned that, the Hadeeth, which we mentioned before last session, concerning the reason for the revelation of this surah, wherein the Qureshi had been told by the Jews to ask Professor lamb three questions, which if he were able to answer them, it would prove he was a prophet if you were not to prove he was a liar. He was a false prophet.

00:54:58--> 00:54:59

That the brother who said that

00:55:00--> 00:55:04

This particular Hadeeth, you know, which I pointed out was not authentic in the last

00:55:06--> 00:55:12

session, and it is mentioned and if Nick is here, and actually I'll say mean mentioned it also in his Tafseer.

00:55:14--> 00:55:33

If this is the iPhone week, he said they were using it in Tao. And it was a, you know, it was a good dollar point for calling non Muslims to Islam. Can we still use it? You know, since it's not covering issue of aqeedah, you know, or shady outfit, you know, which is went to have a, you know, halal and haram, could we still use it? Well,

00:55:34--> 00:55:37

I would say that we have enough

00:55:38--> 00:55:46

in the truth, which we are certain of for dour that we don't need to resort to what is uncertain, and weak.

00:55:47--> 00:55:47

We don't need to,

00:55:49--> 00:56:23

and we shouldn't feel, you know, a problem. I know myself personally, there was one story I used to like to relate I, when I heard it, it touched me so much, it brought me to tears, story of one of the companions, you know, who had been caught by the Romans. And then I found out you know, just, and then they wanted to kill him. And you know, the whole story about how he stood firm, and it's such a very powerful story, very touching story, quoted by many, many people, you know, but, you know, just on my last trip to the UK, my brother pointed out to me, I was sama friend to me that decided to dive

00:56:25--> 00:57:06

me as much as I loved it. That's it. I believe it, you know, though it is very touching, you know, moves the hearts and everything. But if the story is not authentic, we can find in the authentic something to replace it. We're not that short of material, that we feel that you know, we can't let it go. Once we find even though we found out that this week? No, we shouldn't we shouldn't have a problem with that. Anyway, we have the books here, the books, they said, Please, they were made, because a number of you expressed your desire to want to have the book, if you can't afford the 10 rounds, 10 rounds each, you take one no if you can then make your donation. Otherwise, we also have

00:57:06--> 00:57:23

the tapes, which are five reels each. Again, a number of you had requested it on that list, there is about 16 of you that put your names down, and we added made on that basis. So I hope that you will collect it, you know, if you don't have the library at this time, then give it to us. Next class. We trust you.

00:57:32--> 00:57:32

Parent

00:57:34--> 00:57:35

evolution,

00:57:38--> 00:57:45

evolution argument how evolutionary argument is solid, you know, it's, it's solid?

00:57:50--> 00:57:50

Well,

00:57:51--> 00:57:57

the main point the essence of the points is that he claims that paradise and hell and the earth are one in the same.

00:57:59--> 00:58:04

You know, if you want to know exactly where I mean I can I can give you the references.

00:58:05--> 00:58:17

The book Allah is known to reason pages 202 and 203. Allah is known through reason, pages 202 and 203.

00:58:20--> 00:58:24

Heaven hell and the earth are one in the same place.

00:58:31--> 00:58:33

Dangerous problems

00:58:35--> 00:58:36

any further question?

00:58:46--> 00:58:48

In relation to the Helen Heaven

00:58:50--> 00:58:51

is going to be

00:58:52--> 00:58:54

okay above this question.

00:58:56--> 00:58:58

Where a law said that

00:58:59--> 00:59:09

everything he said koulamallah half an hour, this is into a rock man. Everything on it on the earth would disappear, then

00:59:11--> 00:59:17

watch the jewelry, holy crap and only the face of a law, the most glorious would remain

00:59:18--> 00:59:32

that that implies that everything should end. Right? And the different ways in which scholars have tackled that, that Allah will let everything go out of existence at a point and bring it back into existence.

00:59:34--> 00:59:45

And following that point of it's being brought back into existence. What is to be eternal will remain eternal and what is not will fade away.

00:59:59--> 00:59:59

They

01:00:00--> 01:00:18

There are scholars who say that they will die also, that the angels will also go out of existence everything will go out of existence in fulfillment of what Allah said here, but then it will be brought back because Allah describes himself as the one who, who creates things and recreates them. You know?

01:00:19--> 01:00:20

So is there any

01:00:26--> 01:00:28

I suppose there is some some evidence.

01:00:30--> 01:00:32

One I don't recall it to say

01:00:34--> 01:00:38

the shadow Allah Allah and and stuff sroka wanted to war like