Channel: Bilal Philips
Series: Bilal Philips - Soul of Hajj
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Kadeem wala Ali was Hobie woman is standing Episode 90 he Li Ahmed Deen operates due to align realize Peace and blessings beyond the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.
This is our third session of the workshop on the soul of hedge.
In the previous sessions, we already looked at hedge in general
and discussed the need to find the goals of hedge.
And why this series of workshops is not really focused on how to do Hajj in terms of the rites and rituals, low, some of the rites and rituals will be looked at with respect to how to do it correctly, especially where there are areas that people commonly
make mistakes. But the focus more is on the goals.
Because as we said, where the goals are missing, then Hajj will not be what it was prescribed, to be a lot of prescribed it for a purpose.
And that purpose goes beyond the physical, external actions that we do.
reach the same core values that are all of the pillars of Islam, all of the principles of Islam
As we quoted in the very beginning,
Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam had summarized all of Islam, in terms of
all of the goals for which the various acts of worship that we do are focused.
the that Hajj ultimately, is about change, as Salah is about change, Zakah is about change. Fasting is about change all of the requirements that Allah has put on us as Muslims
are focused on changing us as human beings to be the best worshipers of Allah.
possible, the best worshipers of law,
meaning the most righteous of human beings,
would naturally be those with the best character.
Prophet Mohammed Salatu, Salam himself summarized
righteousness as good character, he said, I'll bear horsnell hollow
righteousness is good character. Of course, what is meant by good character from the Islamic perspective is much wider than what may be looked at, in other societies, Western civilization etc.
But nonetheless, all of the major concepts which are attached to good character, you will find them
embedded in all of the Islamic teachings and rules, guidelines.
So, in our previous
we had begun the process of the Hajj itself.
And we mentioned that of course,
ombre is included.
When we consider the best form of Hajj Prophet Mohammed Al Salam had stressed
And emphasize encouraged that we do
what is known as Hajj tamatoa. Where we are combining Amara with Hajj. This is the best form of Hajj, though some people might say that Prophet Muhammad wa salam did Tehran, he did Hajj Tehran. Surely if he did that, that must be the best.
is for someone who
has taken their animals with them to Makkah. That's really what it was for.
And he had said himself that had he known
what he knew he would have himself done tomato. But for those coming with animals, they were obliged to do Iran. And for those who are
coming without animals who will slaughter an animal they're in Mecca, they were allowed to do, they're encouraged to do hadj tomato.
And I won't go into any further details regarding that, you know, it has to do with what's the difference between Karan and tomato, you know, these are technical differences, both involve
but we could say omura X, but in the case of turon, from the time you get into Mecca, you remain in the ROM until
you reach the point of telephony father. whereas in the case of tomato, you come in, you make aamra you take off your ROM or you go out of the state of ROM and then on the eighth of the ledger, you proceed to make Hajj, but these two are considered to be joined together. Alright.
that the Hajj now after we looked at the issue of
in our previous session, we looked at the outposts or the boundaries, which have been set around the harem, where anyone who crosses them who enters into the area that they encompass
with the intention of Umrah or Hajj, must at that time,
enter into the state of Iran.
And we discussed about a harem, what is what it consists of? while it's in what is the intention what was the intention of going into the State of Iraq. And we said,
as a general principle,
characteristic was which a harem and genders in us is humility.
Because of the fact that we are obliged
to reduce our clothing to the most basic elements possible.
It's telling us that we need to be humble. It brings us down so many notches.
And one point I just added when we're talking about the Haram for men, going down to the level of
only the Tsar and the reader, the wrap around your waist and over your shoulders.
cannot be included.
Some people will make their hat wearing underwear
and it's not correct. They are violated there.
They're violated their haram
they will be required to slaughter an animal to make up for that violation but because they have not been properly Haram.
So that dress which has now been reduced to the basic elements, even for the women
they are also asked
To Wear as simple a dress as possible.
Without the additions, socks,
These are things which are outside of Hajj outside of
Amara Haram, these things are permissible for them to do. It's a part of distinguishing themselves from others. It gives them other levels of anonymity, it may also give them some sense of status. But in any case, they are also asked to reduce themselves down to the bare minimum,
covering everything, except for face enhance.
That's what is required of them. And the same thing with their clothing, which is under the
jilbab that they're wearing the outer garment, the coat, whatever that they're wearing, that the clothing there should be also very simple, very basic, you know, it should not be you know, normally
at home, you wear your outer garment inside you wearing fancy clothes, you're going to meet other people visit other people in their homes, etc. When you get there, you take off your jilbab and you know, you are wearing what may be considered fashionable or presentable clothing, right. And that's okay, that's in the regular life, that's fine.
Among Of course, women should not include males who are not among your Muharram. That's understood. But
as a principle here and Hajj, that same spirit should be there. I mean, even though you might be in a tent of women, you know, women being separated from the men in the tents, that inside of that tent now under your garment, which you have chosen as your basic garment for Hajj. Now you're wearing the same kind of fancy clothes with, you know, which now
puts you on certain statuses relative to the other women and you know, how you feel and how they look at you and know
usually, people don't even talk about this.
It's just the women, okay, you can wear anything you want. No, not really, it's not the way you should not be wearing anything they want.
Just as in our around for the men, we're not allowed to wear underwear,
you know, we're not allowed to put on perfume and
fix ourselves up. Staying basic, simple, humble.
The same way the women making Hajj should have that same spirit. So, their dress, though it is not specified the way it is in the case of the men,
unstitched and all this for the men, but for the women, that same spirit is there, because what the men need
is like what the women need to be humble, to be humbled,
the same principles apply.
So, though it is not
said and specified and detailed as as it is, in the case of the men, for women, you should know that also that humility, that humble way of dressing, that simple way of dress should be what you use during your hatch. Your ROM should just be like a house, dress under it, what you normally would wear around the house, which is not fancy, it's just whatever because it's just to deal with the house, not when your husband comes when people come, etc, that that dress which you consider to be the lowly dress that you would never wear in front of other women etc. Because it's too, you know, low class, that's the one that you should be wearing in your hatch. That's the one that should be at
the base of your harem.
we said from there, crossing the market, or the boundaries, we enter into a harem
with the intention
we should understand
the people who actually managed to make Hajj
are only a fraction of the oma.
If they allow 4 million to come in,
and maybe another 2 million
from Arabia and those driving in from neighboring Gulf states, we have about 6 million.
What is the size of the dome is how big
1.8 billion, we're talking about 6 million from 1.8 billion.
The vast majority of Muslims will never make Hajj or Umrah
so the question that would be asked is, why would a law prescribe something that the vast majority of Muslims would not be able to do?
Of course, in the time of Prophet Mohammed Salah Salam it was different, the vast majority were able.
Right, it was only a small minority who couldn't pass majority came, they went.
But as time passed, the proportion that were able to make Hajj and Umrah became less and less and less. So we have a situation now.
And that's not to say that in the future, it may not change
that more and more will start to come as new technology comes in etc which facilitates and makes it possible.
The technological developments the building developments there and Mecca may allow the numbers to increase.
But bottom line is a law prescribes this
and the vast majority can't do it.
The reality is that
we are supposed to have the intention.
We are supposed to have that intention.
We know it is an obligation.
And we desire to do it. And we have the intention to do it if Allah gives us the opportunity
and that intention alone
if it is sincere,
may earn or will earn for those who never make Hajj, greater reward than many of those who make hij
that is the great equalizer. intention,
sincerity of intention
the prophet SAW Selim has mentioned also that
those who after Salatin fudger
stay where they
They get the reward of what
they get the reward of how much
the reward of one who intended Hajj
I was able to do it they can earn that reward by simply staying after fudger
reading Quran, making dua until sunrise.
gaining the reward of Hajj
is accessible to everyone.
Being able to actually physically make it to Mecca is
for a chosen few
In His justice,
he has given us all the opportunity to get the reward of Hajj.
And as we mentioned before, the location that he chose for Hajj
is the location which
people would not normally choose as a place for
vacation, sightseeing, tourism,
a mountainous, hilly, dry,
not attractive at all.
And that is why when non Muslims complain and raise issues why we aren't allowed to come there. It's not the place of it's not the vacation place.
It's not the place for tourism.
It's only for worship.
And if you don't believe in the worship that is conducted there, then what is the point of going there?
So it's not about preventing people from going it's about
that place was specified for Hajj.
and that's why we mentioned here that verse from the Quran,
in which Allah said, explain.
While La Jolla Alamo Heights aloo risala. Allah knows best, where to put his message.
He put it where he knew best.
And when we look at the rites of Hajj
we see most of them are focused in Makkah, though we have mina arafa, and we talked about Hajj being arafa already.
But for the most part,
most of Hajj is focused in Makkah.
And the history behind the Hajj
the history of Prophet Abraham, taking his second wife hajer Hagar and English
and leaving her in what was the middle of the desert?
A deserted place?
No trees, no water
with a few provisions.
She couldn't understand why.
she asked him
was this instruction from Allah?
And he informed her Yes.
This was instruction from Allah.
So she accepted it.
So the Hajj
and its rights
around a woman and of course, you know, people like to attack Islam as being anti woman, right? oppressive to women and treating them as second class citizens and that there may be Muslims do do that. But that's not Islam.
Islam elevated. Hey gars experience Hodges experience there in Mecca to the point of it becoming the rites of worship, the foundation for the rites of worship, for the nation that followed a loss, Allah believed in him and worshipped Him until the end of time.
That is the
position or status that Islam held with regards to females and this female in particular, Hagar
and the story of course, is a
has its own
But as we look at the various elements of the Hajj itself, we will look at where they fit into this particular story.
But the essence we could say, the essence of the message that comes from that
experience which Hagar had
is summed up in the verse, verse two of surah Pollock. We're alive says there, Romania, tequila, Allah who Maharajah. We are zoom in heights, Elia tehzeeb, Allah will make a way out for whoever fears him.
And he will provide for him from where he least expected it.
A law will make a way out for whoever fears him. That no matter what circumstance we might find ourselves in.
If we fear our law, He will make a way out and exit.
And Hagar is the classical example.
We also have in Surah talaaq, verse four, Allah says there were my interupted laria john, no man Umbra, he is wrong. And Allah will make the matter easy for whoever fears him.
And again in Surah talaaq or Maya Tilak, Allah Allah Allah for her husband, whoever Allah will be sufficient for whoever puts his or her trust in Him.
So these are the
main elements behind concepts behind the rights of Hajj and ombre.
if we move on, from there to the toe off,
the main or most unique
act of worship is tawaf.
circumambulating going around the Kaaba.
That means that when we go into Mecca,
as much as we are able to make tawaf
we should try to do it.
We spoke about the value of prayer, in Masjid in the masjid, mustard, dill Haram.
That the formal prayers as well as informal prayers, there is worth 100,000
of prayers in mustards around the world with the exception of an Masjid nabawi. And mustard will upset.
between the formal prayers in the masjid
and tawaf, we should spend the greater portion of our time engaged in those acts of worship, their unique tawaf, you cannot do anywhere else
off, should not be done anywhere else, of course, you might go to an engineer and find tawaf around the tomb
of the saint of engineer, and you may find to have going on around the tombs of other saints in other countries, but it's not from Islam.
Right. This is something people have made up tawaf is only prescribed there in Makkah around the GABA
the tawaf itself.
It's interesting to note,
that the toe off, is in a counterclockwise direction,
and modern science
has shown that
spins around the sun in a counterclockwise direction.
The sun spins around in the galaxy in a counterclockwise direction.
The earth also spins on its own axis in a counterclockwise direction.
And similarly the sun
and even to the most the smallest element, the atom,
its components, the electrons spin around the nucleus of the atom in a counterclockwise direction.
there is a link
as we walk around the
linking up with how Allah has created this world,
how it functions,
it functions by a loss command. And by a loss command, we are also making that off.
And the prophet SAW Selim was with the guards to toe off he had said
that tawaf is Sala
except that there's talking in it.
tawaf is Salah,
except that there is
talking in it talking, meaning we're speaking aloud,
which should be
different to ours.
That's what the greatest portion of our speaking should be.
We shouldn't be, as we mentioned, before making toe off, and our mobile phones are ringing, and we're
talking with people making contact with the family chatting and no.
That's not the place.
is a way of worshipping Allah.
So Allah, but it is done while walking.
And this links up with the concept, the Islamic concept of worship, in that everything we do,
can be worshipped.
Normally, we just make Sala standing, bowing, prostrating and sitting
that is the normal mode.
But in fact, here we are now required to make Salah while walking.
And if we look at what is the essence of the Salah, what is the Salah fundamentally about
we hear a lot telling us in the Quran, aka masala Li Cree establish the prayer in order to remember me.
And similarly, in the tawaf, we should be
also remembering a law.
And in remembering a law, praying to Him, calling on him praising Him,
we should do so with full consciousness.
It shouldn't be done with a book. We have these books, which are sold
with Arabic in it, telling you what to say in the first circuit, the Second Circuit, third, fourth.
And we have people who see them making and they're reading this book.
And there may be people behind them repeating what they're saying.
And in some of the books at the bottom of the page, it says, Now turn over to the next page, and they will recite that and people will recite it after them. You know.
This is the state of the prayer.
What is the use of that prayer?
What is it doing for us? We don't know what
is being said
we don't know what we are repeating we're just parroting words.
So, where is the value in that
pair has a purpose.
It has a goal
which cannot be achieved by merely parroting repeating words
and phrases and sentences, which we do not understand.
It is as simple as that.
And I'm sure that doesn't require any special explanations for you to be able to grasp. It's quite clear
with regards to
the tawaf and men
in the tawaf, alikoum.
Or the first off, that men make when they first men and women make when they first come to the masjid, in that state of Islam.
Whether it be for Hajj or for ombre,
it was the Sunnah of the Prophet Mansa Salaam
to walk quickly through the first three circuits. And normally, in the last four,
of course, with the size of the crowds now
quickly is basically as quickly as you can.
again, we don't need to treat it in a ritualistic manner, where you will have some people because they know that the prophet SAW Selim used to walk quickly in the first three.
And now the crowd is so
dance that you can't. So they will be in one place. You know, like they're doing exercises, right, they're lifting their feet tear into one place.
And they're not going anywhere. Because the crowd is only allowing them to move, step by step. We don't need to do this.
We do what we can.
Also, he used to place the upper part of the Haram
his right arm exposing his right shoulder
and on completion of the toe off, he would again cover both his shoulders.
Now the typical image that we have of her arm today is that
you expose your right shoulder. People think that that's how you're supposed to wear her arm for men.
But actually, it is only in that tawaf Alka do the rest of the time, the proper way is to cover both shoulders.
So the toe off, as we said, has at its core.
praising of Allah seeking forgiveness. And that's what we should
focus on in our own languages. If we know Arabic and understand what the Arabic terms use, those do ours are ones which apart from ourselves, Allah taught us no harm in doing that, if we understand otherwise, most important for us to
speak, address a law in the language that we understand.
in the course of the
we all know there is the Blackstone
alhaja last word
we are encouraged
wherever possible to kiss it.
Before starting to toe off with each circuit,
if you're able,
today, it's virtually impossible.
Unless you come at times when there are few people in the masjid
it becomes possible. But most of the time, especially during Hajj, you will not have that chance
there will be people doing it. But if you see how they manage to do it, then you know, you don't need to add this to your hedge
because they are
in a fight.
of kissing the black stone is lost.
So people now fight over reaching, they're
hurting each other,
sometimes getting into fistfights
over kissing the black stone.
Why would they go to such extremes, because they have this false notion
that kissing the black stone
will bring so much Baraka. You know, they have stories in each country, they have stories about all the Baraka that comes from kissing the Blackstone. So everybody wants that back.
So they will fight their way in there and you'll see heads bouncing hitting each other and you know,
and even they will take the children and, you know, they managed to pass the baby along till they reach down there, rub the baby inside of the stone and pass it back and believing somehow that this is wiping off the Baraka that they can take away, rubbing it on themselves, touching and rubbing.
even touching those who manage to touch if you guys can touch at least touch this one, he touched it.
But this is not
what the Blackstone was for.
As we know the well known story of Omar Abdel hottub, who,
while making tawaf stopped and addressed the Blackstone
not because he thought the Blackstone heard,
but he wanted the people to hear
to understand, because he saw elements of this same thing happening even from his time.
Because people have an A nature of wanting to to make things holy
artifacts. And you see the other religions, they're filled with artifacts, which have religious value.
So you can touch you can hold you can hug, you can kiss you can all these different things.
Whereas in Islam, we don't have that. We don't have religious artifacts.
Omar Abdullah addressed it saying, I know you are only a stone
I know you are only a stone.
You can neither benefit me nor harm me.
And the only reason why I am kissing you is because I saw Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam kiss you. That's it.
There is no Baraka
from kissing the Blackstone.
The Blessing which comes comes from following the Prophet sallahu wa sallam who said Hulu and De Sica can take your rites of Hajj and Umrah from me. Do as I did.
In the same way he told us in our prayers, Salo Kamara I to musala pray as you saw me pray, make Hajj the way you saw me make the Hajj
the Baraka or the reward comes in following the way of the prophets follows.
That Bloodstone serves a purpose.
It serves to indicate the beginning point of tawaf, that's its purpose.
It is where tawaf begins. If we didn't have the Blackstone, imagine, all the four corners look like
what's gonna happen. Some are gonna start there, some are starting there, some are starting there, it'd be a massive confusion.
You couldn't remember which one did I start from the right one or the left one or the
So it gives order to toe off, there's a starting point, there is an ending point. That is the purpose of the black store.
Its purpose is not to be kissed.
Because otherwise then the Hajj wouldn't be complete or the ombre wouldn't be complete unless we kissed it. But it is complete without kissing it.
So the tawaf begins there.
We touch the Yemeni corner, which is to the left of the black stone.
That's three corners afterwards.
For those of you who don't know,
the Kaaba has in the back, a semi circular wall,
a semicircular wall.
And when you're making tawaf, you are supposed to stay outside of that wall, if you cross because there's an opening on both
sides, keeping it not attached to the Kaaba, right, there's a space you can come in from either side.
If you walk through there, you know, like as a shortcut, instead of going all the way around, you cut through there, your throw off is incomplete.
Yet off, is incomplete.
Because that area, in the semi circular, inside the semicircle, the wall, that area, is a part of the Kaaba.
Some people have stories that you know,
Prophet Abraham was buried there. And this nonsense
is not true at all.
Nobody was buried there.
It was a part of the Kaaba. When Prophet Abraham built the Kaaba, it included that.
So though we know the shape of the Kaaba as being that of a cube, that was not the original shape of the Kaaba.
So if you pray inside that semicircular
area, you are praying inside the Kaaba
is same as getting inside the door and praying inside the garbage.
Is there a special reward for bringing inside the Kaaba?
Who believes that there's a special reward for bringing inside the GABA agenda?
There is no special Why are people trying to get inside there then? Nobody believes is a special if you had the chance to get inside the Kaaba, wouldn't you get going and pray?
There is no special reward.
There is no special reward to pray inside hamdulillah it's permissible It's okay.
But now if you see what is happening
during Hajj Omar and these other occasions with people fighting to get inside of that area, you think that hey, there's huge reward for that.
Again, out of ignorance,
out of ignorance, not knowing better.
So that person who was making the love, they will fight their way inside their MiG to record and then come out the other end and they just violated and nullify their toe off
So, the tawaf after seven circuits
praising a law seeking forgiveness
has only one
those books that we get filled with all kinds of doors, and many of them are good once no harm. They say good things, but if you don't know what they're saying
But the point is that there is only one da which the prophet SAW Salaam actually prescribed.
and that is between the nominee corner
which we said
it is so not to touch the promises alum touched it.
After that, is the black stone between the money corner and the black stone. It's soon to say that you are from the Quran. robina attina dunya hacer una
Hirata hacer una Athena.
And that da,
If we look at that,
in the context of the Quran, where it came, it came from,
that's verse 201.
In surah, Baqarah Our Lord, give us the good of this world and that of the Hereafter, and shield us from the torment of the hellfire.
Before that, the verse before that, verse 200.
It says among people is He Who says our Lord give us the good of this world
the Acura is not his concern.
So, for that person, he will have no shear in the Acura.
So, this is the point, that's the significance of that door.
is affirming that they are here is our concern.
It is this world also.
But because we have our needs in this world, but the genre is there.
That's what the dean stresses
dounia an Acura.
If we forget the Acura
then as a law said, there would be nothing for us in the era. So, this is the significance of that particular law. And when we say it, we should say it you know, with that consciousness with that understanding,
reminding ourselves that whatever we are doing in the dunya for the dunya
we should keep the ashira in mind,
don't leave our efforts
focused and hanging on the things of this world alone.
if we do that,
then we will have lost what is far more important.
Following the toe off
it is recommended for us
to pray to units of prayer
behind maqam Ibrahim
the place of standing of
in the picture you can see that brass structure
inside of it. You can see a bubble of glass in the middle the bubble of glass
inside of that cage of
if you happen to pair inside, you got the chance to look inside
has a slab of what appears to be
silver, silver looking material
as if somebody sat stood on it and their feet just sunk into that metal
at the bottom, if you happen to look even more deeply, you will see what looks like stone down there.
So what you have actually
what was in the past was just a slab of stone.
There was like a brick
that Prophet Abraham stood on while building the Kaabah.
Like a ladder, you know,
he used it to help him build the upper
levels of the Kaaba.
ended up in the fables was that when he stood on it, you know, he left his footprint on it.
Actually, there's no footprint.
So, to give the impression of a footprint, a cap, you know, like, when you get a crown on your tooth,
a crown head is put on top of it, which had these two holes which look like where feet had stood, to give that impression.
It is not something though people will be wiping the glass and wiping it on themselves.
You know, we have become specialists on wiping things for Baraka, wherever we go.
The point of the matter is that
it was only set to designate the place for making to rock art. After finishing that off, that's all
has no special Baraka, no,
you know, religious implications beyond the place
designating a place for prayer. That's all.
We are encouraged to make to Raka
in the first unit, to make or to say after swell Fatiha Surah Al kaffee rune and in the second to say surah Allah class these two
and you do it
as close as you can
maqam Ibrahim and you may not find the opportunity to do it.
That close but wherever you're able to. You do it to complete the tawaf
having finished the toe off
if you are able to go back
Kaaba and during Hajj. You really won't be able
because you will have to go against the whole crowds outside of Hajj. Yes. But during Hajj, the crowd is so intense for you to do that. You will have to hurt other people. Unfortunately, we do have people who feel that they have to. So they do hurt other people in the off
to go back to the gabaa.
To hold on to the door of the Kaaba the step below it to make further da before
Going in the past to the well of Zamzam.
Now for you going for Hajj now, you will not see the world of zamzar.
It has been covered over
and the water is pumped
into the toe off area.
The water of Zamzam also pays placed in orange barrels, I don't know if they're still orange, maybe they've changed color, time, that are usually set against the wall,
between the basin of the
area of tawaf and the main section of the masjid where people are praying
on a continual basis.
So to go there, and to drink,
of the Zamzam water and it was the son of the prophet SAW salam to drink it standing.
And from the glass of water that you drink,
it was his son now also, to pour, he would take a few mouthfuls and pour the remainder over his head
in doing so,
we are supposed to remember
the trial that Prophet Abraham left his wife Hagar in
it was a trial for him, having to leave his wife in that circumstance according to laws command, but even a greater trial for her to accept and to stay there.
Not being able to find any water and then a law causing the spring of Zamzam to start.
She took the water, she drank from it, she used it to also to cool herself
and her child, Prophet, smile.
So in that moment, that's what we should be reflecting on. While making two hours Professor Solomon said
that Zamzam is for whatever one drinks it for,
to have a good intention while drinking it. And to remember
that this was a favor from Allah,
for Hagar hajer
at the time when
there appeared to be
no way out
when death was before
that a law will find a way for us.