Preservation of the Qur’an

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Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam Alaikum everyone. We apologize profusely but she has not yet arrived. We'll let you know as soon as she

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Can you hear me?

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Yeah, I can hear you loud and clear handle. So let us begin. Solomonic market live workout everyone, we hope you're on the best of health hamdullah We are blessed to have in our company chef Dr. Bilal Philips man who needs no introduction, I'm sure the topic of discussion will be a belief that is central to our Islamic creed. That is the preservation of the Quran. We Muslims believe that the Quran has been preserved as it has been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him over 1400 years ago. Now share from below will be illuminating some of the finer details about how that preservation has occurred and the various intricacies involved in sha Allah. As for questions, I

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must remind you that you're not keep them to yourselves, please post them in the live chat below. And chef will address them after the talk is over. inshallah. Now, I do not want to take much more of chef's time let's get on with the talk. A Solomonic

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Allah hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah carry wide and he was Hobie woman is standing at he in Iowa team.

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I'd like to welcome you all to this program on the preservation of the Quran

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and

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the preservation of the Quran

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as a general principle,

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it is a part of their faith.

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It is the basis for belief that the Quran is in fact, the Word of God.

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Not an empty claim.

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But a fact.

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This is the Muslim belief. And that tract is supported by the evidence

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and scholarly research etc. That has been conducted by

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non Muslims as well as Muslims

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with regard to the origin and the authenticity of the crime itself,

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in many religious debates

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surrounding the crime and the Bible,

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the issue of whether the Bible is the Word of God or not,

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plays a big role in such discussions.

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The fact of the matter with the guards to the Bible,

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the discussion there ends

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with the general statement that it is the inspired Word

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of God.

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Because concerning the vision, whether it be Old Testament,

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which consists of the first five books,

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generally referred to us the Torah of Moses.

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Those first five books ended

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with a description of Moses, his burial

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and how the people of Israel

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cried and

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we're

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devastated

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by his loss.

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Which makes it obvious that this was not the writing of Moses.

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As well as other scientific

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research, higher criticism, they call it of the Bible shows that, you know, it was writings over hundreds of years.

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Moses, according to biblical scholars, and anthropologists, etc,

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was from some 15 centuries before the Common Era,

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whereas much of the Bible was written in the sixth, seventh, eighth century.

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So, huge gaps,

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and all kinds of

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repetition, with different

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facts and information,

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which led them to conclude

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that,

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in the end, the most we could say, is that it was the inspired Word of God.

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Most of the books a large portion of the books of the Old Testament, after the first five of Moses,

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were of unknown origin.

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So, issues of authenticity

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are huge, massive.

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And when you go to the New Testament,

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the Gospels

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which constitute, supposedly the gospel of Jesus, but none of them are called the gospel of Jesus. Instead, it's called the Gospel of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and john,

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who are doubtful in individuals.

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Unknown,

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when you go to Encyclopedia Britannica, and you look to see the authors of the Gospels, they say, openly there that it's unknown. We don't really know names were stuck on there.

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Then after that, when the writings of Paul much most of the New Testament is the writings of Paul, who wasn't even a disciple of Jesus, so, you know, he issues of

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preservation of the message

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of Jesus, are

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massive, there are so many issues with it.

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So, preservation plays a big role

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in terms of determining authenticity, or possible authenticity, even of the message that is conveyed.

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So when we come to the Quran,

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and we consider on one hand,

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that Muslims hold that the Quran is the word of God.

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And for Muslims,

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it the Quran is the main miracle of Prophet Muhammad SAW a lot of them not meaning that he didn't have any other miracles, but that was his main miracle.

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And that was the tangible miracle

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that would remain until the last day of the world.

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That miracle

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was the Quran

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which was preserved in the lifetime of the prophet may God's peace and blessings be upon him and after his lifetime.

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So Muslims have today

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a confidence a sense of confidence, that the message of Islam

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which was conveyed in the Quran, by Prophet Muhammad may God's peace and blessings be upon him

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has been preserved unchanged.

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And there is no doubt.

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When we look at the core beliefs and practices of Muslims, these are found all over the Muslim world.

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They're standardized.

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The five pillars of Islam, the six pillars of Eman? Yes, they are not written as five and six in the Quran, but they are all contained within the Koran. And if the Quran was itself preserved, then the one who received it

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is then

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having a basic

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who could say substantiated claim, for being a messenger of God.

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For non Muslims, of course,

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textual authenticity

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of the Quran

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should give them a sense of confidence that this was revelation.

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And then,

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studying the Syrah, or the life of Prophet Muhammad SAW seldom

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should then convince them that he was in fact, a prophet of God,

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and not a highway robber.

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You know, a pedophile, and all the other horrible things that have been said about Prophet Muhammad. So Alexander,

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that's all false hood.

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And give them the kind of concert confidence that they would accept Islam.

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So,

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knowledge of the preservation

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is important to both Muslims,

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as well as to non Muslims, or as some people refer to them as not yet Muslims.

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So, if we begin to look at that preservation process,

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we have to say that it began in the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam himself,

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following specific steps,

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it wasn't left to after his lifetime within his own lifetime.

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He ensured that the Koran was conveyed

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and

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recorded

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in his lifetime, we know and we have to remember that

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the Arabs of Arabia were an oral society, there are a few people who did write amongst them.

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There were, but in general, the society was an oral society.

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What happens in oral societies is that people's memories become very strong,

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very strong.

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You know, although the West tends to

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push written societies to the forefront and praise them, and look down on the oral societies mostly of the third world.

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The reality of the matter is that

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the written societies are not superior.

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What happens just to give you a

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basic example,

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if we're in a written society,

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the mother sends the son

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to the market, to purchase so many items and etc.

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and bring it home.

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She writes it out for that child. So the child

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goes and

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reads the

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writing or the people in the store, read the writing, understand what is required given to them and they go back.

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That's the not.

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Whereas,

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in the oral society when the mother sends the child to the store,

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She just tells that child

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what she wants,

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that child will go to the store,

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repeat to the shopkeepers or the

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people in the market, what the mother wanted, he collects or she collects the items and brings it back

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to people, so which one is more reliable, the one that's written, or the one that's spoken? Well,

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if the child from the, from the written society

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is told,

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to convey this information, to the stores,

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storekeepers, whatever

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the likelihood of him forgetting or she heard forgetting something is strong, it's there, it's real.

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And that's why when they do the

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test in classrooms, to show the inferiority of the written, or sorry, of the,

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the verbal or

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oral society,

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were in a classroom, the teacher will

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write something on a piece of paper, not very long.

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Say it to the student in the far right corner of the classroom, then that student tells it from his memory, to the one behind him, or her, and the next one, and the next one, and the next one, and so on. So working their way around the classroom classroom of 25 Kids

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after that story has been passed through 25 kids, and the one at the end, writes down what he heard. And the teacher reads that and reads what he or she told the first child, it's a big joke. Everybody in the classroom has a big laugh.

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Because the story was instructive. In the first two, the first job is now changed 100%.

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However,

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in the oral society, it's a different story.

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And the oral society when you tell that first child, and they talk it through all of those 25 kids, the story at the end of those 25 will be the same.

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Because their memories are trained,

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strengthened.

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strengthened why by tradition,

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because when the mom sent the child to the store the first time, and this child forgot something, she hit the kid

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scolded, or whatever.

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child got the message, make sure to remember the next time so they go maybe there's forget something else the next time, but eventually, they're gonna go and come back without forgetting anything.

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That's the difference. So in the province or sometimes lifetime,

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one of the methods by which the Koran was preserved, was learned

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and therefore preserved, was in the congregational prayers which are said aloud, father,

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mother, and Asia.

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In these three prayers,

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people all came into the masjid.

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The prophet SAW some

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recited the crime from his own memory.

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People learnt the crime just from that alone.

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From his recitations, they would learn

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that was a means by which the crime was taught by the prophet SAW.

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his wives we prayed with when he did doctor didn't at night, they were learning

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from him at the same time.

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Also,

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everyone who newly accepted Islam

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was taught

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whether it was from the people

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The sofa

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who stayed

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in the masjid or the outside, random the masjid.

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Most of the time they live there, they will teach the new people who accepted Islam.

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That was another method

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and the profits on himself, encourage people to learn the Quran and to pass it on.

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The well known Heidi Cairo comenta 11. Khurana one llama, best of you are those who learn the Quran and teach it to others. This was well known.

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And

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also, as we said, the scribes were few. But Prophet Musa Salam gathered around him from his companions, those who had the ability to write, he would sit them down when revelation came to him, and he would dictate it to them.

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And they would record it accordingly. Now, of course, in those days,

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there was no paper.

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They didn't have a virus as they had in Egypt.

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So what people used to write on those people are scribes, etc, who did writing thing, they wrote stuff, old information.

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They would write on tree bark, you peel the bark off the tree, on the inside, it's like colored, and you can write on it.

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If you scratch on it, that the scratch becomes like a dark line.

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You know, you've broken the,

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the covering

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of the bark on the inside. And it oxidizes and turns sort of dark brown or whatever.

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So with ripen bark, or on animal skins,

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the skins of animals, obviously after drying them, they take a skin off an animal then start writing on it. No, they would dry it. And when it's dry, it's become harder.

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And

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you could know right? Using ink, of course they made a crumb, whatever was available there at that

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time.

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sixth century

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or they wrote on the shoulder blades of camels, the camels shoulder blade, that's the broadest

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bony structure in our body, shoulder blades, flattest type.

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They will take soulmates from camels, as well as from sheep, goat,

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but the camel was preferred because it's the largest

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and they would write with their version of ink.

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On such

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and

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this these were the main methods which the prophets are seldom used for conveying or narrating the Quran to the companions.

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during Ramadan, he used to recite that after they went to Medina, used to recite the whole Quran

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all that he had memorized up to that point. And people prayed with him and learned there

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from his recitation.

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So, that was the first stage by the time the prophet SAW Selim died.

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The Quran was not written up as a single text. scribes had written and they had all this written material that they had compiled, different chapters, etc.

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as well as those who had our close to him.

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People like his servant unece was given by his mother to the province of Salem to be with him to serve Him.

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On a Sunday Malik

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You know, he would be regularly with the prophet SAW some of them all the time. So he would be among those who memorize the largest portions of the grind, and so on and so forth. And there were some of the companions

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who had during the lifetime of the problem. Somebody said not memorize the whole God.

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Still, their numbers were limited.

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After the prophet SAW Selim died

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in the reign of abubaker, and his reign was only two years.

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It was suggested his reign was caught up in turmoil.

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Arabian tribes,

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Boss dating from Islam, or refusing to give us a car and ride to different things happened, we had false prophets had appeared, and we're trying to

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take advantage of the depth of the province outside London as a chance to promote their own

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agendas. Anyway, during that period of time,

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almost Nakata had

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proposed to abubaker

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that a complete

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Miss half or text of the Quran should be

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done

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because people were getting killed

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among those who are being killed in the wars, they call them the Wars of Apostasy

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were some of those who had memorize large portions of the Quran so in order not to lose

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those people's

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memorized portions of the Quran

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any further

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Oh, my doctor is proposed that can be

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written down in one text. Initially abubaker refused.

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He didn't agree to do that. Basically, because Prophet Muhammad wa sallam hadn't done it,

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you know, out of a fear of innovation, of making any kind of changes in the deen. He hesitated until Omar eventually convinced him that this was the intent.

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The intent was preservation. And all what the prophets also did in terms of scribes and all these other things, what was the purpose of that, but to preserve it

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and does no longer refer to the Quran itself? That he Kalki tabula rasa.

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This is right in the very beginning. Allah refers to the Koran as a book.

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He didn't refer to it as karate

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recitations readings.

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He referred to it as a book. So anyway, on top, convinced abubaker to go ahead and compile, they chose Hassan defatted

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out of the various sorry, they didn't find it out of the various

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companions to head this project. Sonic Sonic fab is the brother of Zaid. He was the prophet SAW salons point.

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Anyway,

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Zegna sabot. What did he do? When this was proposed to him, he responded in the same way that aboubaker did. So they had to sit with them and

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explain and

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advise and clarify, etc, until he was himself convinced. So at that point, what he did was,

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he gathered around himself

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the best reciters he was chosen, because he was one of the best scientists himself. And he had memorized the whole crime in the province on someone's lifetime.

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Not only that, he was one of the scribes. The process element made him a regular scribe who would write down the grind

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and he also had the honor of being

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With the promises, and I'm in the last Ramadan of his life in which he recited the whole Quran from beginning to end twice.

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Anyway, his steps began by gathering the profile of those who had memorized large portions of the scribe, if not all,

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and he gathered also describes.

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And he compared what was memorize with what had been written by describes. And whatever agreed.

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He then wrote out

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on leather,

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animal skin, man leather,

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the text of the grant.

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And he continued without until he completed the whole text of the grant.

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After completing it, he then turned it over to Ababa.

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And I will back her on his deathbed.

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He turned it over to Omar

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and Omar himself

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being engaged with the issues of the oma,

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which expanded now to include Iraq, and Egypt, Syria, it's expanding continually.

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He turned it over to his daughter hafsa.

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He has had her look after that was half that text Quranic text, of course, hafsa, was also one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.

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And what she did, she didn't just take it and put it on the shelf.

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She gave access

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to whoever she just kept it.

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Whoever wanted to make a copy, they want to make their own copy, they could come to her home and make a copy.

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And others who wanted to check their memorization of certain

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surahs or whatever, versus they could check it against that written text.

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So for the 10 years during the life of

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America hottub as the Khalifa,

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the second Caliph of Islam

00:42:59--> 00:43:03

that must have was utilized

00:43:04--> 00:43:05

continually

00:43:09--> 00:43:12

after the death of Mr. Bob

00:43:15--> 00:43:21

Ross made it not fun, as you all know, became the next Calif.

00:43:24--> 00:43:26

amaris Caliphate

00:43:28--> 00:43:33

ran for 10 years about 10 years, and us man's was

00:43:36--> 00:43:36

12.

00:43:38--> 00:43:40

Now, what happened

00:43:41--> 00:43:44

during the time of famine

00:43:49--> 00:43:50

was that

00:43:52--> 00:43:56

with the spread of Islam during all my time which

00:43:57--> 00:43:59

of mine inherited,

00:44:00--> 00:44:03

some issues began to develop.

00:44:05--> 00:44:10

Remember, Quran was carried as

00:44:11--> 00:44:13

the Muslim Empire

00:44:14--> 00:44:19

or state expanded to include Egypt, Iraq,

00:44:20--> 00:44:21

to the north and Syria.

00:44:25--> 00:44:29

The Quran was brought with them.

00:44:31--> 00:44:36

They taught people the Quran, who converted to Islam, etc.

00:44:40--> 00:44:47

And, of course, people like in Iraq, in particular. I mean, there were Arabs also.

00:44:48--> 00:44:55

They belong to tribes that had branches in Arabia and Iraq was

00:44:57--> 00:44:57

also

00:45:02--> 00:45:03

tribal areas.

00:45:04--> 00:45:10

So what happened was that, you know, the Koran

00:45:12--> 00:45:13

had been

00:45:14--> 00:45:15

revealed

00:45:18--> 00:45:21

utilizing the different dialects

00:45:22--> 00:45:24

that were available in Arabia at the time.

00:45:27--> 00:45:30

And from those dialects,

00:45:32--> 00:45:40

the province or some of them, I thought that the Quran had been revealed with seven aufruf

00:45:42--> 00:45:47

which is an aspect of the dialect, dialectical differences and

00:45:49--> 00:45:50

cultural art

00:45:51--> 00:45:55

that the Quran was recited in

00:45:57--> 00:46:01

the tend to be more linguistic

00:46:03--> 00:46:10

terms of vocabulary and things like this, whereas the khorat tended to be

00:46:12--> 00:46:13

modes of reading.

00:46:14--> 00:46:17

Anyway, the point is that,

00:46:19--> 00:46:28

relative to the various tribes of Arabia, the Quran was revealed in such a way that

00:46:30--> 00:46:40

it was possible it was facilitated people from the various tribal groupings for being able to read the Quran.

00:46:42--> 00:46:48

But what was noticed by how they've been Aliyah man,

00:46:50--> 00:47:00

one of the companions of the Prophet SAW solemn, very famous, he noticed in Iraq, that people were

00:47:01--> 00:47:02

favoring their own

00:47:04--> 00:47:05

dialectical

00:47:06--> 00:47:07

differences

00:47:08--> 00:47:15

and in reading, they were going against what had been

00:47:16--> 00:47:28

taught and recited by the prophet sallallahu sallam. So, he brought this to the attention of management, not fun, the Calif

00:47:29--> 00:47:32

and this was in the second year after he took over

00:47:34--> 00:47:42

that something had to be done in order to prevent

00:47:46--> 00:47:50

changes taking place in the Quranic text.

00:47:53--> 00:48:01

So, what family find did was he called Zed sabot.

00:48:03--> 00:48:11

And with a committee of four who had memorized the Quran, they made, they were instructed to make seven copies

00:48:13--> 00:48:24

from the most half the text which was with hafsa, so they took it from hafsa made seven copies returned the copy to her.

00:48:26--> 00:48:26

And

00:48:28--> 00:49:00

copies of the Grand were then sent. Well, I should mention that, in the making of the copies of mine, instructed the team to stick with the dialect of crush. Since this was the main dialect of the Prophet sauce, I love the dialect of crush was chosen to be the basis for the writing of the the text of the grant,

00:49:01--> 00:49:07

meaning that any recitation or reading which get went against this

00:49:10--> 00:49:39

was not acceptable. And it was held to stabilize the Quran. From any variations, further variations and changes that could take place. So copies were sent to Mecca, Syria, Basra, Kufa, Yemen, Bahrain, and one was kept in Medina. And what they did was they sent a hearty

00:49:40--> 00:49:51

reciting, utilizing the recitation recitations that were confirmed by the profit motive consolidated

00:49:52--> 00:49:54

according to the Qureshi,

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

text and dialect

00:50:00--> 00:50:04

So, that way, all

00:50:06--> 00:50:20

other recitations etc. and texts that people had, which contradicted or went against, or at variance with the main text

00:50:21--> 00:50:24

were considered to be

00:50:25--> 00:50:35

inauthentic and text that people had their own personal copies, etc, they were instructed to burn them.

00:50:37--> 00:51:13

And this was done willingly. It wasn't something which was done by force, were of mine, a long line who sent out the army, or what could be called the police, to check people and whoever had mishaps they would, you know, they didn't, they were punished or jailed or, you know, whatever, no, this was explained to the oma of that time, they understood to avoid confusion, preserve the Quran,

00:51:14--> 00:51:28

they dutifully burned all of these texts, and all personal copies from that point onwards were made from that must have.

00:51:30--> 00:51:33

And that's what

00:51:34--> 00:51:41

has been handed down over the 1400 years to us,

00:51:43--> 00:51:48

as it was preserved at that point,

00:51:50--> 00:51:52

and that text,

00:51:54--> 00:51:55

where

00:51:57--> 00:51:58

research has been done,

00:52:00--> 00:52:05

looking for variations and variants, and all these other kinds of things.

00:52:07--> 00:52:16

Were where portions have been kept in museums in Germany, in UK and Russia and elsewhere.

00:52:18--> 00:52:20

When these are compared with each other,

00:52:21--> 00:52:23

even the recent ones found in Yemen,

00:52:24--> 00:52:31

when compared with each other, there were no considerable differences.

00:52:34--> 00:52:34

The most,

00:52:36--> 00:52:37

that might be

00:52:38--> 00:52:53

considered a variant was you know, scribes making copies, making mistakes. Otherwise, the texts were unified one complete text

00:52:54--> 00:53:00

and that is the preserved Quran that we have in our hands today.

00:53:01--> 00:53:04

Now, we do hear of the different readings.

00:53:05--> 00:53:06

Till today,

00:53:07--> 00:53:10

main to being

00:53:12--> 00:53:14

there is recitation of house

00:53:16--> 00:53:20

which the majority of Muslims read the Quran by

00:53:22--> 00:53:25

and the recitation of wash

00:53:27--> 00:53:30

which is read in North Africa, Sudan.

00:53:32--> 00:53:34

limited number of areas now.

00:53:36--> 00:53:39

And the writing of the Quran

00:53:41--> 00:53:46

is unified everywhere we go. However,

00:53:47--> 00:53:51

those following the wash presentation

00:53:53--> 00:54:00

have the text written with

00:54:01--> 00:54:02

different

00:54:04--> 00:54:08

dots, the dots, you know, five

00:54:09--> 00:54:18

in the normal recitation award of House has a dot above it.

00:54:19--> 00:54:23

And watch you can find a dot below.

00:54:24--> 00:54:26

We have two dots above

00:54:27--> 00:54:56

for calf, and then once you can find dots below other dots below, so there are slight differences that if you're not familiar with it, and you pick up a a must have from washing you start up what what is this? You know, but the point is that the the text because you have to remember when the Quran was was written in the time of

00:54:59--> 00:55:00

the week, the copies were

00:55:00--> 00:55:04

made and distributed, there are made and distributed without

00:55:06--> 00:55:21

these dots and dashes, which are indicating vowels and differentiating between, you know, look alike words, letters, right, fine off, they look alike.

00:55:22--> 00:55:40

One dot two that distinguishes between them time by, for example, same thing two dots above gives you Taiwan dot below gives you about so these dots were added during the time of I'll even not be tonic

00:55:41--> 00:55:43

to add that

00:55:44--> 00:55:51

distinguishing those distinguishing features to help especially to help non Arabs

00:55:52--> 00:55:54

to pronounce and read the grind.

00:55:56--> 00:56:18

So the studies that have been done where they found parchment, pieces of the Quran, in the British Museum and other museums and universities in the UK, they've compared them with the existing commonly used texts, they found virtually no differences.

00:56:20--> 00:56:27

And research has been done on more than one occasion, there was a major research done in Germany

00:56:29--> 00:56:31

done cab gathering

00:56:34--> 00:56:43

portions of most hops from all around the world. And the conclusion is that the text is one.

00:56:44--> 00:56:46

So even even brew,

00:56:48--> 00:56:56

sort of deviated from mainstream Islam, like the Shiites are listed, the Quran is the same, no no series

00:56:58--> 00:57:30

lobbies, various other groups that have arisen at different points in time, nobody brought a different graph. So, we have one unified Kuan has been preserved, we have assurity that it is what was revealed to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, Swati conveyed to his companions, and they conveyed down the generations to us today. So

00:57:31--> 00:57:32

the

00:57:33--> 00:57:42

assurance that we have for the preservation of the Quran, it gives us as Muslims

00:57:44--> 00:57:48

assurity along with the

00:57:50--> 00:58:00

life of the prophet SAW said, that he was in fact, a prophet of God. I mean, there are things which have happened over time,

00:58:02--> 00:58:08

which further reinforce the fact that

00:58:09--> 00:58:09

this

00:58:10--> 00:58:13

was revealed by a law.

00:58:14--> 00:58:23

For example, the relatively recent discovery 35 years ago 1945

00:58:24--> 00:58:35

in Egypt, in a monastery in Egypt, and ancient monastery in Egypt, they found a body mummified,

00:58:37--> 00:58:38

which had,

00:58:40--> 00:58:41

with wrapped with it,

00:58:42--> 00:58:49

a document which came to be known as the Gospel of Thomas,

00:58:50--> 00:58:52

the Gospel of Thomas

00:58:54--> 00:58:56

and what's unique about this is that

00:58:57--> 00:59:00

up until this period of time,

00:59:02--> 00:59:04

when people

00:59:06--> 00:59:07

orientalist and

00:59:09--> 00:59:16

evangelists in the evangelists as well as the various missionaries, etc,

00:59:19--> 00:59:25

will try to attack Islam. They would say that, you know,

00:59:27--> 00:59:29

in the Quran

00:59:30--> 00:59:33

the Quran speaks of Jesus

00:59:37--> 00:59:42

making birds out of clay blowing on them, and then

00:59:45--> 00:59:46

flying away.

00:59:48--> 00:59:59

It also speaks about him speaking in the cradle, you know, newborn baby speaking, defending his mother, yes, maybe but said nonetheless speaking

01:00:00--> 01:00:03

This is made up stuff fabricated.

01:00:04--> 01:00:14

You know, Mohammad sauce Allah, you know, just trying to make something different is come up with these news stories and stuff like this.

01:00:16--> 01:00:31

So, of course, Muslims hearing those kind of claims 100 years ago, 200 years ago, you know against the crime, they just ignored it, we believe it's in the Quran, it's the truth from God.

01:00:33--> 01:00:33

Well guess what,

01:00:35--> 01:00:37

in those in that monastery,

01:00:38--> 01:00:50

though, that texts that they found, which they call the Gospel of Thomas, which they say is, was written someplace around 60,

01:00:52--> 01:00:54

of the Common Era,

01:00:56--> 01:01:07

to 100 or 120, of the common area. This is like, how many years before problems or something like 400 years?

01:01:09--> 01:01:10

Or 500 years

01:01:12--> 01:01:15

before the time of Prophet Mohammed sasana.

01:01:16--> 01:01:17

Guess what?

01:01:18--> 01:01:21

In the Gospel of Thomas, it's mentioned.

01:01:23--> 01:01:31

None of the other gospels that we know the four gospels around and there are other what they call apocryphal gospels

01:01:32--> 01:01:37

contain this, but that Gospel of Thomas contained it.

01:01:39--> 01:01:41

And only that, you know,

01:01:43--> 01:01:51

we would always raise the issue to Christians who are raising, bringing the Gospels that hey, this is not the gospel of Jesus.

01:01:53--> 01:02:10

This is not the gospel of Jesus. This is just stories written, offers are known, and stories contradicting each other in different points, etc. stories written about Jesus is not the gospel of Jesus. Well,

01:02:12--> 01:02:13

they said,

01:02:14--> 01:02:33

you know, we don't have any gospels that follow that pattern, the pattern what they call of sayings, you know, the Quran, different statements of God and statements of the prophets, etc. We don't have hospitals like that, that's your Quran.

01:02:35--> 01:02:39

Guess what the Gospel of Thomas is like that

01:02:40--> 01:02:49

statement, they call it the sayings gospel, different from all of the others. So, the point is that there are other historical

01:02:51--> 01:03:08

recent research etc, which has brought out other evidences to strengthen the authenticity of the grind in the eyes of the non Muslims, and scientists and researchers, archaeologists, etc.

01:03:09--> 01:03:13

Actually, there was one Jewish professor.

01:03:14--> 01:03:18

I don't know if he's still alive, but very famous New York,

01:03:19--> 01:03:21

where he

01:03:22--> 01:03:24

went and traced

01:03:26--> 01:03:33

all of the variations found in the stories etc, mentioned in the crime,

01:03:35--> 01:03:58

to a variety of different parchments and writings from in different languages Aramaic and Hebrew and, you know, cetera, et cetera, city, Hammad sallam, he just went and picked this stuff from all over the place. But actually, his argument strengthens

01:04:00--> 01:04:11

the authenticity of the Quran because the prophet SAW something that was born on lectured in Makkah, it was not known Demeter, right. So all of his life.

01:04:12--> 01:04:30

And for him to be able to have gotten all of these stories from all these different places, it means he had to learn how many different languages and he needed to go to how many different places all of it strengthens the fact that obviously, this was revelation, which came to him.

01:04:31--> 01:04:39

So it's on the basis of all of that, and there's a lot more that we have no doubt

01:04:40--> 01:04:44

that the Quran has been preserved

01:04:46--> 01:04:50

as it was revealed to Prophet Muhammad Suleiman

01:04:52--> 01:04:58

unchanged. It's the same grind and the whole of Islam

01:04:59--> 01:05:00

which comes from

01:05:00--> 01:05:03

from that source is fundamentally one.

01:05:05--> 01:05:18

Whether there are differences of cultures and things like this around the world people have, etc. Yeah, there are differences. We can say that Islam, those cultural differences are not Islam and not differences in Islam.

01:05:19--> 01:05:35

But where people are following the basic pillars and teachings, they are one from Guyana, South America to Mindanao, Philippines.

01:05:38--> 01:05:39

Baraka Luffy

01:05:42--> 01:05:46

Salaam Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.

01:06:03--> 01:06:30

Before we move on to the question and answer session, we would like to inform all of you about international Open University, which is the brainchild of Dr. Roberts himself. We want to inform you about the promotion that we have ongoing is that if you register for IOU to the rivals, you get 20% off inshallah, we'll be posting contact details in the live chat below. In the meantime, would you like to say something about yourself?

01:06:35--> 01:06:37

Well, the IOU,

01:06:38--> 01:06:40

international Open University

01:06:42--> 01:06:43

was established

01:06:44--> 01:06:45

in order to make

01:06:47--> 01:06:53

Islamic teachings accessible to the widest possible audience.

01:06:55--> 01:06:58

That was over 10 years ago, in 2010.

01:06:59--> 01:07:00

It was launched.

01:07:01--> 01:07:13

And it was launched with a bachelor's in Islamic Studies, which has since included a master's and a Bachelor's in Arabic.

01:07:14--> 01:07:27

And then also expanded into other areas of importance to developing Muslim communities around the world as well as non Muslim

01:07:28--> 01:07:32

areas like education, psychology,

01:07:33--> 01:07:35

Islamic Finance,

01:07:37--> 01:07:45

information technology and business administration. But all of these are taught from an Islamic perspective.

01:07:46--> 01:08:18

So the message from the core of Islamic Studies, our ba is program Bachelors of Arts in Islamic Studies, it has expanded to include all of these other disciplines, and we hope to expand into further areas, you know, which are of importance like Mass Communications, and agricultural economics and things like this. But everything from the universities, which is what makes us particularly unique, is taught from an Islamic perspective.

01:08:19--> 01:08:29

So we welcome students from all over the world to join, we do have scholarships, and as well as we have a special scholarship

01:08:31--> 01:08:42

package for Africa, in particular, called the one mass scholarships, and that's for 1 million scholarships for African youth.

01:08:43--> 01:09:00

And that is ongoing. We welcome people who would like to participate with us share with that effort, and to expand it into other parts of the world. And Alhamdulillah, the University welcomes

01:09:02--> 01:09:25

students. We welcome also those who would like to participate in our institute, we call it the Elm Institute, where short courses are available on a variety of different topics, whether it's, you know, motherhood, raising teenagers, or whether it is

01:09:27--> 01:09:37

samick, banking and finance for dummies, others, other things like that, you know, we have a range of courses available. We hope

01:09:38--> 01:09:58

our viewers here are partitioner participants that would take the benefit of what has been created for the benefit of the oma and as our logo or our motto states, changing the nation through education.

01:09:59--> 01:09:59

That is our

01:10:04--> 01:10:24

Coffee upset. Now we'll be moving on to the question answers. The first question is, how can we improve our oral memory, I'm assuming they mean the world of memory as the Quran and the Hadith or transcript transfer transfer down to, you know, old tradition is there a secret to it?

01:10:30--> 01:10:33

You know, for memorization, in general, is repetition.

01:10:34--> 01:11:15

That is, the core secret is not really a secret, you say something, or you hear something enough times, you know, it sticks in your head. So that's the core. Of course, scholars have pointed out that, you know, if you are sinful, you commit a lot of sins, this is going to affect your memory. So you know, try to do more good deeds be more righteous, and this will also improve your memory. But the core of memorization is based on repetition. But I would stress that

01:11:16--> 01:11:20

memorization is important.

01:11:21--> 01:11:25

However, understanding is more important.

01:11:27--> 01:11:38

So if you have the option, to just memorize texts after text after text after text, without understanding them, and or

01:11:40--> 01:11:47

learning the meaning of those texts, and being able to apply them, I will say that is superior. Same thing with your

01:11:48--> 01:12:03

Ramadan, you know, everybody likes to read the whole Quran in Ramadan, but if you're reading it, in the road, fashion, where you don't understand a word of what you're reading, they're just reading the text rattling it off.

01:12:05--> 01:12:08

That is a big mistake.

01:12:09--> 01:12:12

You're actually going against what the Quran itself tells you

01:12:15--> 01:12:17

a lie to the borrower? And

01:12:19--> 01:12:26

will they not reflect on the meanings of the Quran? Am I allowed to lube it up, follow her or are their hearts locked up?

01:12:27--> 01:12:40

reading the Quran, without understanding it means your heart is locked up, it's locked, so it cannot absorb the meaning the purpose of reading the Quran is to be guided,

01:12:41--> 01:13:03

who then live with the pain. So be careful. memorization has its place has its benefits, etc. But do not do it at the expense of understanding. So then all the time I'm invited to come.

01:13:06--> 01:13:10

This is different parts of the world in the beginning of the conference, that I have somebody read the crowd.

01:13:11--> 01:13:29

Now what the client is talking about that they read has nothing to do with what the lecture or the conference is about. And the one who recited it didn't know what it meant. And nobody in the audience understood what it meant. Maybe a few Arabs are there they understood, but the mass of people had no idea that is an exercise in futility.

01:13:31--> 01:13:40

That is what we call it what is called reading the Quran for Baraka. You believe that there is Baraka in reading the Quran, even though you don't understand it.

01:13:42--> 01:14:14

But this is an exercise in futility. If you're going to read the Quran, in your events, in your conferences, etc, then read the meaning. And not only that, but you should choose portions of the crime that are particularly concerning the theme of the conference. So if your conference is about education, then the price of the crime you choose should be related to education.

01:14:17--> 01:14:28

That way the Quran becomes relevant, relevant to you and relevant to the people that are benefiting from you.

01:14:36--> 01:14:37

The second question is

01:14:38--> 01:14:48

of awesome no data has not guaranteed the preservation of the hottest literature. Common wisdoms don't have an option but rely on the research of the scholars of heavy

01:14:49--> 01:14:53

so how can a common Muslim learn the science of men in America

01:14:55--> 01:14:59

the average Muslim is not required to know anyone

01:15:00--> 01:15:00

The job,

01:15:01--> 01:15:14

you know, that's not on them. That's for the experts who are checking, trying to weed out fabricated,

01:15:15--> 01:15:27

you know, material that has crept into high def literature. That's their job. For the average Muslim, you don't need to know

01:15:28--> 01:15:29

elbridge

01:15:30--> 01:15:38

what you need to know, is some Arabic and understand the Arabic that you

01:15:40--> 01:15:43

that's what's on you, you sit under scholars,

01:15:45--> 01:15:51

as Allah told us first, the creme de la lune, as those who know, if you don't know,

01:15:53--> 01:16:09

you ask, When you ask a scholar, a knowledgeable person and then form you, then you now have a bit of knowledge. And if you have that bit of knowledge, you should share it with others, to the degree that

01:16:10--> 01:16:13

is appropriate based on your level of knowledge.

01:16:14--> 01:16:59

So, if you want if you have a love for Heidi, and you want to delve into the heavy sciences and understand all the different, you know, issues and principles and etc governing it, then Mashallah go ahead and do it. It's available, you can start in the Islamic online university or international Open University, you can take those courses in IDs where they've gone into these details. They've given you a basis to start from from there, you, you know specialize more in the area of IDs expand your knowledge, but IDs by itself, without

01:17:02--> 01:17:04

again, is

01:17:06--> 01:17:07

not complete.

01:17:09--> 01:17:22

Because if you know how to eat and you don't understand fick, then you can deduce an extract from it meanings and principles and rules, which are incorrect.

01:17:23--> 01:17:44

They may seem logical and reasonable based on what you've studied of the idea but because your knowledge is limited and your your understanding of the principles of deduction etc etc, not there then you are likely or possibly

01:17:45--> 01:17:47

going to make mistakes.

01:17:49--> 01:17:53

So Hades is not by itself it should be studied along with

01:17:54--> 01:18:06

an even with Syrah and the other areas of Islamic knowledge. But it's just that you spend more time more effort more focus in the field of Heidi.

01:18:12--> 01:18:12

Is that Oh no.

01:18:14--> 01:18:22

The next question is, what are the seven dialects verified and approved by the prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself?

01:18:23--> 01:18:24

Yes, they were.

01:18:26--> 01:18:32

And there are a number of hobbies you can find authentic ideas where the process

01:18:33--> 01:18:37

corrected those who misunderstood.

01:18:38--> 01:18:47

In fact, Omar is not for himself, hearing of the other companions recite, utilizing one of the other

01:18:49--> 01:19:12

dialects. And he thought he was just messing with the Quran is upsetting, dragged into the salon and complained to the bouncer slamming the vessels. Mm hmm. I didn't recite the portion of the Quran, which on our thoughts he recited wrongly. And then he had to Omar recite and he said the Quran was revealed in this way and in that way.

01:19:14--> 01:19:18

So we have enough narrations there which affirm

01:19:19--> 01:19:21

variant recitations

01:19:22--> 01:19:23

and dialects.

01:19:26--> 01:19:27

So

01:19:28--> 01:19:36

the next question is, what are the differences between the senate which is a chain of narration of the Quran and the senate of the Hadees?

01:19:38--> 01:19:39

Basically,

01:19:41--> 01:19:42

there isn't.

01:19:43--> 01:19:59

Those who narrated the Quran were the same people who narrated the hobbies and that's why when the shear went off, and declared that all of the Sahaba had a prostate exam

01:20:00--> 01:20:02

For a few,

01:20:03--> 01:20:11

three or four or five, but the rest all apostates, it Abubakar all miles mind apostates

01:20:13--> 01:20:16

they shoot themselves in their own foot.

01:20:17--> 01:20:20

Because they still use the same Quran

01:20:22--> 01:20:26

which was narrated by the Sahaba

01:20:27--> 01:20:37

who narrated the other hotties which they now reject. So, you know, they're lost. So they have to make up their own piece from here there and everywhere, you know.

01:20:38--> 01:21:15

And as a result, you know, their, their their Deen is, is, is warped, deviated. You know, it's it has similarities. It's, you know, same Koran, and prayer, you know, although it's taking on different forms, and other things are added to the divine and, you know, the here and there and so, yeah, those scholars who, from the Sahaba narrated the Koran they narrated daddy.

01:21:18--> 01:21:25

So if you deny the Sahaba you're denied both the Hadith and the Quran.

01:21:32--> 01:21:42

All right, so the next question is, the Quran originally came down orally. So why is it a compulsion to be able to do to touch the Quran? But it isn't the compulsion

01:21:45--> 01:21:45

while reading

01:21:47--> 01:21:52

the Quran came down orally, yes. And was written down.

01:21:54--> 01:22:01

So why is there a requirement to have will do when reading

01:22:03--> 01:22:05

the Koran, the physical text,

01:22:07--> 01:22:16

nobody says you have to have to do to recite to grant. So the row, whether you have will do or you don't have to do, it's not a requirement.

01:22:18--> 01:22:35

But the written text, because there are some narrations from the prophet SAW Salem Witch do indicate that it is preferable to have to do when handing the Quran and this is more an issue of respect.

01:22:37--> 01:22:38

You know, just like

01:22:39--> 01:22:41

we'll do in salon.

01:22:42--> 01:22:43

You know,

01:22:44--> 01:22:46

we could technically

01:22:47--> 01:22:58

make Salah without Voodoo, but tamo Tam is not to do but it's been there to replace the requirement of Voodoo.

01:22:59--> 01:23:07

And there are some things like seduta sugar, for example, we don't have to have to do to make that suit

01:23:08--> 01:23:17

as daughters. But with regards to the Quran, you know, it's generally held, although some scholars do hold, there are scholars

01:23:18--> 01:23:25

in the past, and then the President will do hold that it's not a requirement. You know, based on the

01:23:26--> 01:23:36

the narrations as they see it referring not specifically to the text that we have here

01:23:37--> 01:23:39

that only the

01:23:40--> 01:23:42

pure should touch it.

01:23:44--> 01:23:54

But it's referring to the text in the low hammer food. So there are different opinions on this issue.

01:23:55--> 01:23:56

And

01:23:57--> 01:24:00

there are a variety of fatawa that have been made.

01:24:04--> 01:24:11

No harm in having will do. It's definitely beneficial with that intention.

01:24:12--> 01:24:13

And

01:24:14--> 01:24:15

if the circumstance

01:24:17--> 01:24:29

arises where it's necessary for you to pick up the most of your child is going to chair the most if you don't have to do so you have to stand back and say who you know, and the child will tear up your

01:24:31--> 01:24:45

bed. Do you take out the child then? You know, yes, you've touched it. You didn't have to take it out of the child's hand put it on the shelf or whatever, you know, so we have circumstances wherein

01:24:47--> 01:24:49

it may arise that it's

01:24:51--> 01:24:59

I need to pick up the Quran without Voodoo and usually they're saying it's yours opening the Quran and reading and turning the pages

01:25:01--> 01:25:07

You know, but again, as the prophet SAW Selim, you know, I told Ayesha when he told her to bring his

01:25:09--> 01:25:17

his agenda, his prayer mat from the masjid and she was she was menstruating, so she

01:25:18--> 01:25:24

can do better Mr. Bhalla. Hey said your menses is not in your hands.

01:25:27--> 01:25:35

So this, you know, gives us and this is a very clear hobby, without any

01:25:36--> 01:25:40

other interpretations. It's a clear idea

01:25:41--> 01:25:45

that, you know, there is some leeway.

01:25:46--> 01:25:47

We don't have to

01:25:49--> 01:25:50

make life

01:25:53--> 01:25:56

difficult, so difficult for ourselves that, you know,

01:25:59--> 01:26:01

when we need to pick up the massage, we can't.

01:26:05--> 01:26:06

Alright, cheers, unrelated note.

01:26:08--> 01:26:13

Next question is, should I ask my non Muslim friends to make a little bit more reading?

01:26:15--> 01:26:15

No.

01:26:16--> 01:26:33

I mean, you can if you want to, you know, make them get the experience of making wufu you can do that, you know, but the point is, you give them a card, which is, you know, translated, if you have a chance there was what do you got to do to give him a grant in Arabic.

01:26:34--> 01:26:45

Okay, so if you give him one which is in Arabic and English, then this is no longer considered to be the most half anymore. Wherever the words of other than Allah

01:26:47--> 01:27:06

are more than the words of a law, it's no longer considered to be most hard because problems are some of them sent messages, you know, written messages which have Quranic verses and everything in it to the rulers of Persia and Rome, knowing that they were, you know, tear it and spit on it and stamp on it and all these other things.

01:27:08--> 01:27:09

So

01:27:10--> 01:27:46

there is the way I mean, you don't have to require you don't you don't need to give the Arabic most half to your non Muslim friend. It's, it's not and that's the real news half per se. Translation is a translation of its meanings, not an translation of the Quran. Because the Quran cannot be translated to that so as to say, here is a translated grant, this is the Quran This is the same brand were treated the same way you treat the added text to which the grammar review. No, it's not.

01:27:53--> 01:27:56

Alright, last question.

01:27:57--> 01:28:03

What do you suggest for me, of course, I can take from IOU I completed 12th grade. And when you must.

01:28:05--> 01:28:12

Well, it depends on what is your interest. As a grade 12 graduate,

01:28:14--> 01:28:14

you're

01:28:16--> 01:28:23

open to take any of our graduate courses, which are undergraduate courses, which are

01:28:25--> 01:28:36

University recognized courses, or we have what we call the GED is general Islamic Diploma of

01:28:38--> 01:29:19

courses, which are not university level courses. They're open for you, you can pick and choose based on your interest. You know, if you like Sierra, then you take zero courses, if you like. Heidi, thank you think IDs courses, so on so forth, you can pick and choose if you want to just take one course even university level course about a single course you can take it as a single course and not the whole degree requirements. So there's a lot of flexibility in the in the program that is offered in the international Open University.

01:29:24--> 01:29:28

All right, shut up, we have time to squeeze in one last question.

01:29:30--> 01:29:34

Is there a difference in the Tafseer also, due to the difference in dialects?

01:29:37--> 01:29:45

One Yes, there can be differences of that nature, you know, where

01:29:46--> 01:29:52

by those variations, additional meanings can be extracted.

01:29:53--> 01:29:54

You know,

01:29:57--> 01:29:59

the Qureshi dialect may give

01:30:00--> 01:30:22

And give a particular with a camera of haves may vary with the camera have wash and expand the meaning, you know from a well known example is that of the the reverse on on wuhou were

01:30:23--> 01:30:31

variants of vowel Ling shifted from being limited to,

01:30:33--> 01:30:36

to washing your foot

01:30:37--> 01:30:40

hello and include wiping on socks

01:30:42--> 01:30:58

by variation of validating. So, you know there are n and whatever fits within the accepted 1014 gorod etc. and Hopson wash recitations. And

01:30:59--> 01:31:25

the Qureshi dialect is basically what we're dealing with now. Whatever matches the text of the Quran, which is the standard text is acceptable, whatever goes against the text changes the text, then it is considered to be shaved or very, you know, an unacceptable variant.

01:31:30--> 01:31:54

All right, that concludes our talk is Arcola Hoshi for is very beneficial session. May Allah increase your knowledge and accept this from you and from us, and as Alcala, Hi to all of you for attending the talk. We hope that you benefited immensely from it as well, and inshallah we'll see you for our next event. Until then, take care of yourselves. Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi

01:31:56--> 01:31:58

Wa Alaikum Salaam wa rahmatullahi.

01:32:00--> 01:32:08

Somehow Nicola mubychem nica the shadow Allah and the staff Erica wanted to bully lake.

01:32:59--> 01:33:35

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