Essay Of Shaykhul Islam Ibn Taymiya On The Heart Part 1

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Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Do you wanna stay no wanna start a federal when our auto belay Manisha Houlihan fusina amin CIDR.

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Miyagi la philomel didn't allow for my youth lil for la hodja La

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Ilaha the hula sharika Wah shadow and Mohammed Abu rasuluh was trained and can guide and I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship Allah and that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the last messenger of Allah.

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And now stumble, how do you get

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the most truthful form of speech is the book of Allah.

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Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the best source of guidance is that brought by Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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And the worst of all affairs are the innovations in religion.

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For every innovation in religion is a cursed innovation.

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And every curse innovation is a source of guidance.

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And every form of misguidance ultimately leads to they all fire

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the topic of our lecture series is even taymiyah his essay on the heart

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You can say read a an essay or a treatise, written by Ivan Tamia,

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which currently is a part of the fatawa the memorial fatawa which has many many volumes combining the various works of

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Jamia

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and as a separate

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rissalah or

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treatise it was published edited by shifts suddenly my helali

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and that is the version which I will be basing this class or course on

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shifts, basically referenced the Quranic verses most of the verses.

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And what I have done basically is to translate the main text and I'll be giving a commentary on the

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text itself as well as

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finding the sources for those studies or Quranic verses, which are from Islam in the Jamia mentioned and which shift psyllium was not able to find.

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Now, the topic of course, on the heart is of stopping which is very important for Muslims, because of its central

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position with regards to faith in general. So the topic

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on the hearts is not a medical topic will not be looking at how the heart works and functions for medical perspective. But they'll be looking at it from a spiritual perspective, its relationship with the mind. But before looking at what's happening to me as written, I would just like to introduce

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me

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with some detail as to his background who he was scholar from the 13th century, who

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probably more than

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any other individual scholar

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from that period till now

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has influenced

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scholars around the Muslim world

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to return to the Quran and the Sunnah, according to the understanding of the early generation of the Sahaba and those who came after them

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single handedly

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From his period onwards, there were earlier scholars, of course, great scholars of the past.

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You know, Mama Shafi and others who were involved in that same process. But after the period of decline of Islamic law.

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In the 13th century, we had the sacking of Baghdad, by the Mongols, and they're, you know, destroying much of Islamic literature killing many of the scholars, etc. The you could say Islamic law fell into a slump. And the various forces which led to the blind following of the schools of Islamic law had become very strong after that period. So much so that the scholars of the early 13th century

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basically ruled that it was not permissible for a person to switch his mother.

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If he was actually afraid, he had to live and die.

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It was illegal for him to become a hanafy or to switch from one mother to the other. And it was even given the judges in the courts had the right to assign punishments for switching ones.

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That's the status of that situation and reached

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out

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was the loudest voice of that period, calling

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the fjord the early understanding of Islam, which was propagated by the companions of the Prophet Mohammed sauce.

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If we were to ask,

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or aboubaker or Omar,

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are any of the leading Sahaba is your job? What was their main hub? Of course, we're not going to hear an F sharp

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their way, their understanding is the correct understanding. They followed them over pseudo laws.

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And that is what is obligatory on all the steps. So, Jamie, you said was the leading figure in revising that understanding

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of Islam without the

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damaging effects of rigid following of the metallics.

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He was born in 1263.

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And his family migrated from Damascus as a result of the attacks by the descendants of the Mongols attacking that area.

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They said they shifted from the area

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where he was in Iraq. He was born in the area called Odessa, which is currently a part of southern Turkey town is now called or

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his family moved from there migrated made, he drove from there because of the

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arrival of the Mongols, and settling instead in Damascus, where he grew up.

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His father was a scholar of Hades, the other title chef will need to just come and be given to the main teacher of Hades in the schools of the time. He taught at a school called daughter, Korea. And even Timmy himself studied in that school. And his father used to have a circle in the main mustard of Damascus, where he taught

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me I grew up in this environment. And he studied under the scholars were available to memorize the Quran, before he reached puberty, and he studied the main sciences of Islamic law,

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Mary's major areas of Islamic sciences.

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And he was

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so such an outstanding student that people were amazed at his intelligence. You know, from the time he was 19 years old, he was answering questions of scholars in the Masters, you know, issues which would fall in the scholars, which they have problems finding, you know, answers for, they were put to him in Tamia, and he was answering them. And when he used to be asked to talk on any given topic, if he gave a talk on a topic example, he used to get into such depth into the topic that people used to think that that's his area of specialization. That's where his knowledge was limited, you know, but

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And then he had another topic to talk on. And all of a sudden, he is in the same kind of depth in that area. So this knowledge was quite vast, he had written in his lifetime, more than 300 volumes.

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And

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he did not actually

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limit himself even to the areas of Islamic law, etc, he went into areas of philosophy looking into the problems of German Muslims were facing because of the

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introduction of Greek philosophy, philosophical thoughts into the Muslim mind and in the Muslim world. So he dealt with a lot of these kind of issues. He also went into areas of

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comparative religion. You know, he did a book called jawaban,

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female Mandela,

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which is the correct answer for those who change the religion of the Messiah.

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You know, way back in the 13th century, and our major work,

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tackled their issues quoted from their books, you know, and debated their ideas showing the wrongness of it. And one of the things which are noted that when he was going to study as a young man, on his way to his classes, a Jew from Damascus used to meet him on the way and throw questions at him, and trying to shake him shake his faith into, but it only made him stronger, and he would continue coming back each time and responding to the man and until eventually, that individual accepted Islam.

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Now,

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as a scholar, though he was from what would be called the School of Law.

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He did not restrict himself to the rulings of that school. He was attracted to the school because of the fact that the scholars of the school at that time even though it was one of the smallest schools, it was at that time, the Hanafi and charter schools they were the dominant schools. Maliki was out in the

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basically in the West,

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in the school in

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Spain, North Africa, is mostly concentrated in the West. So the humblest school was right where it was in Iraq, but it was weak. He adopted it mainly because the fact that the humblest school scholars were known at that time to take their take their creed, from the same sources that

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this was the approach of the humblest scholars are known for that. People call them literalist. You know, they would just take their evidences, you want to put it to the point that you bring crime, you bring some given statement of the Sahaba. You know, this is where you based your creed on, whereas the other schools, by then the philosophical thoughts that become so deeply rooted in the various other schools and that's where they used to create their arguments for the deen from belief in a lot, all the different things are all based on philosophical arguments. And the different issues of the creed are all argued from a philosophical and logical perspective. So basically, he

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was caught in the controversy of the time, and the struggle which existed between the scholars of the Shafi school and others, and that's the humbleness school, how to approach the dean and he supported the humbly approach and promoted and,

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of course, I'm recalling the humble his approach was really the approach of the early generations. That was the approach of the Sahaba when people were

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asked questions about the DEA, and they didn't start drawing from their reasons and philosophy to try to make explanation. So people know, they said the law said, the messenger said, you know, this is where they This is where they came from, where they use it the basis for their explanations.

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Now,

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Jamia specialized in Hades, he was known to have memorized huge volumes that I need to read all the classical books have had at random numbers of times, and he became a reference work for people who wanted to know where to find this. You'd be able to tell them, you can find it in Korea, or you can find it in

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whatever he was well known for his ability to identify the sources and some of the chance of narrators and everything

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you know, blessed him with a very strong memory.

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And other scholars, you know, of course, he had being a popular

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scholar. I mean, because of his great knowledge, he also became unpopular. Among those who he criticized.

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There was a rising dislike of everything. Because he was a very critical individual. You know, he wouldn't tolerate deviance. So he's to attack it, whether it was coming from the Sophie's or from the Saudis, or whatever it grew to express deviation, whether she It was a book on the Shiites Menagerie Suddenly,

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a whole set of volumes in response to one of the leading Shiite scholars of his time and written a book in defense of the Shiite militia. So he responded to them in an extensive work.

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So he, basically everybody who had deviated around him, he spoke out against, he wrote against, so naturally, those scholars who are in big positions in the government who are judges, etc, etc, they were urged by him, they didn't really like him at all. And as a result, they made life very difficult for him. They're always going to the Sultan's and no complaining about him and spreading rumors, distorting his statements, you know, which led to his imprisonment a number of times the last years of his life, last 20 odd years of his life, most of it was spent in jail in and out of jail.

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That is another story. Anyway, even taymiyah not only was involved in the literary and the Islamic

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practice, he was also involved in different issues concerning jihad, where there are issues of jihad, problems existed, he was there advising, encouraging making fatwas. For this for the troops to be able to fight during Ramadan, breaking their fast, you know, he made the factor concerning that. They spoke, he went in delegations to meet the leaders of the

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the invading forces like the Qatar King,

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who had converted to Islam, while his parents are himself converted to Islam. And he was on one occasion about to enter and suck Damascus, so that people can do the damn he asked him, people at the mosque has asked him to go and meet this man and tried to discourage him from doing it. So when he went before the king, he said to him, you claim to be

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very bold words, you claim to be a Muslim, and you have with you.

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You have with you, a Muslim judge,

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and the mom for so long.

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And people to call the or so I'm told,

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you're your father and grandfather, were both disbelievers.

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Yet, they did not do what you have done.

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They both made promises and fulfilled them.

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While you pledge them the trading, you promised and didn't fulfill their promise not to enter the maskers. But then later on, he decided he was going to enter it. So anyway, this had such an impact on the ruler, that He gave His Word not to enter Damascus left and he asked me who was

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so this, this was given to me.

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He was in a number of different occasions, you know, going to when, when Damascus was again attacked, later on, he went to the sole cons of Egypt and the other neighboring countries encouraging them, to defend it to them ask us to the hands of the disbelievers.

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So,

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MJ Nia was a scholar who applied his knowledge was involved in geology degree who is able to contribute

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and as we said, he had become very unpopular among the scholars of his time, who had or who are blindly following the schools of Islamic law. And

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in many cases were affected by Sufism. Sufism had become so widespread, that scholars of that time commonly would name themselves after you name yourself, you identify your name, then they would identify the the School of Law they will say.

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Then they would identify which philosophical school it would say, you know, for example,

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and then they would add to it also what soup is

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Cool.

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So in those comments for the scars of the time to drive these different labels at the end of the names, you know, there's widespread so his attack on Sufism systematic attack on the fundamental ideas, not on the people who may be referred to a Sufi service call them some people like Al Hassan bacilli, you know, Junaid

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Gilani and others who became saints among the Sufi, but who are not themselves calling people to worship them or call on them in their worship, you know, so he defended these people and defended, you know, people's rights to be aesthetic to live simple lives, you know, to be away from the dunya because really, they didn't encourage that he himself lived that kind of a life. He didn't have a lot of trappings around him It didn't Larry actually

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was so busy and ended up in jail so much time, you didn't have a chance to even

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so, he was opposed to the fundamental issues of Sufism, which lie in one on one hand, deification of the human soul claiming that the human soul is a part of

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the misunderstanding that a lot blue into us, a piece of itself

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a misunderstanding. And the claim that there are people who will call saints, people are closer to Allah, Who could be prayed to and through

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the follow their people closer to Allah, we don't deny people are in different positions relative to Allah, Allah refers to his own, yeah, but he has defined who is only are those who believe in him, you know, fear Him and do righteous deeds, qualities of the law. But for the people, it meant doing mass of the people that meant doing miracles, you know, things which appear to people to be miracles, you know, and

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prescribing different rules and principles of Vicar, and these type of things were the things which were related to the

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So, he spoke against their claims and their ideas, the evidences which they tried to use from the ground and assume that to support themselves, you know,

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because, of course, to convince Muslims you have to bring some evidence, but they were of course, misinterpreted things which were misunderstood, which they

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interpreted in such a way as to promote their own ideas. Anyway,

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he began going back and forth to jail from the year 1306.

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And he ended up in the last time he ended up in jail was in the year 1326. And between that time he was in and out.

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When people tried to intervene on his part, you know, and you know, express sorrow for what was happening to him being the scholar he was and everything else. His response to them was

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to say,

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What can my foes do to

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my paradise, my garden

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are inside me.

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Wherever I go, wherever I go there with me.

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If they imprison me, if

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religious retreats, if they expel me from my homeland,

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again,

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if they kill me, my death will be martyrdom, inshallah. So, a lot of scriptures and prophets Allah are in my heart.

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So this was the approach of

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anyway, in the 1326. cases were raised against him, where it was claimed that he prevented people from going to the province I'll send them messages. In fact, he had only revised

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the suddenness of the problems I sell him in which he said do not undertake journeys to other than three mosques. He revived that all people to reflect on this, this prohibited the setting out on journeys, religious journeys to mosques, other than the mosque of the prophets, the mosque of Mecca, Kaaba, and the mosque of Jerusalem.

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So he was saying, These are the only three you could make religious dreaded. They were claiming he was saying you can't make religious journey to the Prophet's mosque and of course they were mixing up what he said concerning mosque which houses

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raves in it.

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Claiming that okay, since he says you shouldn't go to Moscow screaming, it means you're saying you shouldn't go to the

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song. So

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anyway, when he was in prison is there for two years, he still continued to teach from prison, he wrote. But after two years in prison, they saw that they could not shut him down, they couldn't stop him. They decided to take away all his writings, takeaways

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and left him in the bare cell. At this point, there was nothing he could do. Within three months time he died

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and his death. His funeral is a classic example of a statement made by somebody in regards to those who are calling to innovation, or putting him on trial in his own time. It said, Tell the innovators, the difference between you and us will be evidenced in the number of those who attend our funerals. They'll be innovators.

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The difference between you and us will be evident in the number of those who attend our funerals. And the numbers of people who attended the funeral of Jamia were phenomenal.

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scholars of the time spoke about it in something

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unseen before or after.

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Anyway, God was in Britannia. As I said, What is most significant regarding him is his call to the Quran and the Sunnah, as it was understood by the early generation, who we refer to as the Salah

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that they follow the path of the sell off, he revived that path called promoted it and his students like even casier

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and others, carried on that tradition to the generations afterwards.

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Anyway,

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we can now begin to look at the book itself.

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Actually, whenever the Jamia wrote it, it's just a continual essay,

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and the notes that you have, I've divided into different chapters and sections. So based on the main point which is developing in each student, just for ease of reading and following the ideas.

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Anyway, the first chapter I call purpose of the heart

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potamia.

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A lot of Hmong said,

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indeed a law may he unhide, glorified, created the human heart in order to know things and need a law created the human hearts to know things in the same way in which he created the eye to see things, the air to hear things may be glorified. He created every part of the human body for a specific purpose. And a particular function

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was created for grasping and holding the foot for walking on the tongue for articulating speech, the mouth for tasting the nose for smelling the skin for touching. And likewise, the remainder of the internal and external limbs and organs. So I've been telling me I begins straight away his essay talking about the heart.

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Its purpose primarily to know things within the overall framework of the body parts, but each body parts has been created for a particular function. Each part has been created for particular function, there's no part of the body, which we consider to be vestigial, something left over from previous generations, which we don't really need, we can do without it has no real purpose. No.

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This concept is a Darwinian the product of Darwinian thought. The fact that we

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evolved according to Darwinian thought from the earlier stages, we went through these things, we still carry bits and pieces of it with us, all you have to do is look at the evolution, the development of the human embryo, where it goes through different phases where it seems to have what they call for angle approaches, it looks like gills, and it seems to have a tail and it looks like a little fish at that point in all these different phases. This is evidence that human beings pass through these different phases. Of course, scholars you know, who know the points out that this the similarity in structure doesn't indicate similarity in purpose

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or anywhere.

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Because if we are to take similarity and structure as a relationship, you have the rhinoceros, a mammal found in Africa and India, do they have redness versus in India? Okay, the rhinoceros is no.

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You also have a beetle

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in

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Malaysia, called the rhinoceros beetle,

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because it has horns on it.

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What is the head looks like the head area, it's really the back there that's horns there, what looks like horns. So it looks something like the horns of the rhinoceros. So they call it the rhinoceros beetle. But no one no scientists in his right mind would claim that there's any relationship between the rhinoceros beetle and the model known as rhinoceros.

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So this kind of argument is fallacious. It has no basis really, in the real world. We have many, many structures which look similar from animal to animal, and they have different purposes altogether.

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Anyway,

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we also know that there are a number of organs in the body or elements in the cells, which scholars scientists of the past said, don't seem to have any function, among them the middle country, I remember when I went to high school,

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and suddenly Mr. Khan Diaz is way back in the 60s, the scholars are saying these things don't seem to have any function at all. We have to learn that there's a part of the function itself, but mainly the nucleus was the main thing they talked about, you know, the RNA, the DNA, and then there was a mythical Andrea stuck around different parts of itself. And what its purpose was, nobody seemed to know. Maybe it's some vestigial thing that's left over when the cell was evolving. Now, they come to realize the

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primary role in the formation of RNA and then all kinds of information.

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Big importance, then it seemed to have been nothing useless. Similarly, with the appendix, we will talk about the appendix, you know, that

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something just harmful, we don't see any benefit to get forgot any benefit from it. The same is probably leftover from the earlier generations, when human beings ate a lot of poisonous type foods and the way in which the body is to store the poisons. This was the appendix, you know, because of course, if your appendix

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explodes, or breaks inside of you,

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burst inside of you. Many times people die, of course, even near the hospital, they can treat you as you're not people in third world countries, etc, they die from it. So it became this standard practice from way back in the 60s, you know, that people went to doctors, if a doctor had to go into you for any reason, you had to open up your stomach or near your stomach for any reason, you would just automatically reach down, cut off your appendix. Throw that, along with

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doing you a favor.

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But you know, from the Islamic perspective, we reject this idea, as a law said, of a hospital, and Mr. Kumar.

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Come in, in Atlanta, Georgia, is known for a chapter, verse 115, where a law says, do you think you are created without purpose, and that you should not have to return to me?

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Whatever law created, has a purpose as a general principle.

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I mean, even people sometimes say, Well, what about the flight? What is the purpose of a flight,

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and I'll be annoying and being nasty. We know the fly is annoying and nasty. We try to kill everyone we can get right. But the reality is the sky scientists will tell you that, if it were not for the flies, to break down animal matter, when would be up to our eyes, and carcasses that did not became

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the fly finds the carcass lays its eggs in it the maggots coming to eat it up.

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It's a means of disposing so much animal matter. If we didn't have the flight crew, we've been serious problems to fly as a major role.

00:34:23--> 00:34:31

But, of course, in the past, people couldn't see what is the role of the flight. Even today, the average person he asked him, what's the importance of life?

00:34:32--> 00:34:36

Nothing, there's nothing we can live better lives without slides.

00:34:38--> 00:34:55

So even something so insignificant, you know, which Allah uses as the example of the weakness of human beings that if the all human beings got together, including the gym, etc, they wouldn't be able to even make the wings of a flight.

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

Not even the wings, not just the flight

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

Just the wing that could make

00:35:03--> 00:35:05

to show the weakness of human beings will not be able to drink.

00:35:07--> 00:35:25

Anyway, the point is that even Timmy introduces the heart, from the perspective of its primary purpose in terms of its function. And it functions as the organ by which we know things.

00:35:27--> 00:35:30

Of course, we're going to look into it in more detail,

00:35:31--> 00:35:32

know things in what sense.

00:35:34--> 00:35:47

Anyway, he goes on to say, because he compared to all the other organs for us, just to put it in that general perspective, it as a function, similar to the functions of the others, meaning that

00:35:49--> 00:35:53

each organ has a role, a purpose to be fulfilled.

00:35:55--> 00:36:40

And whether we use that organ as it should be used, or we don't, is going to determine our relationship with Allah. Because everything we have is a blessing from Allah, all of these limbs that he spoke about the towel, the nose, the mouth, the air, you know, the skin, all of these different senses and the sense organs etc, that we have, these are all blessings from Allah, that Allah has given us that we are responsible for, which we must use in a way which is pleasing to Allah. Jamia goes on to say, if a person uses a limb, according to the way it was created, to be used, and for the purpose for which it was designed, that is the clear truth, and justice, on the

00:36:40--> 00:36:43

basis of which the heavens and the earth were set up.

00:36:45--> 00:37:01

When the limbs of the body are used, for the purpose for which they were designed, because of course, when Allah created them, he designed that they be used for particular purposes, we said the hand is designed to be used to grab things, the foot to walk,

00:37:03--> 00:37:05

the air to hear the eye to see.

00:37:08--> 00:37:11

That is, the main function

00:37:14--> 00:37:26

is that function, a neutral function, meaning, no matter what you grab, you're using it for its purpose, no matter what you see, you're using a die for its purpose. So I want you to hear with no matter where you walk, no.

00:37:28--> 00:37:32

Yes, these organs are themselves neutral.

00:37:34--> 00:37:38

organs themselves actually neutral. However,

00:37:39--> 00:37:44

the way you use, it will determine whether you're using it according to

00:37:45--> 00:37:53

what it was designed. Because of course, if a law created these limits, it must be for these limbs to be used in a righteous way.

00:37:55--> 00:37:59

That's what they were designed for to be used in righteousness, because the law is righteous is good.

00:38:00--> 00:38:12

And he loves righteousness. And he is called the dean as a dean of righteousness. So therefore, the hand was designed to be used to grasp things which are pleasing to Allah.

00:38:14--> 00:38:19

To hear things which are pleasing to the eye to see what this means along the feet to walk through what is missing.

00:38:21--> 00:38:28

So, when we use the linear in a way, which is built into a law, then we are now using them

00:38:29--> 00:38:31

for the purpose for which they were designed.

00:38:33--> 00:38:34

physical function to grasp,

00:38:36--> 00:38:37

grasp what

00:38:38--> 00:38:46

what is pleasing. So we have to combine the two, we talk about fulfilling the function of the limb. Right. And

00:38:48--> 00:38:58

he refers to that as being the clear truth and justice on which the heavens on earth were set up. A lot created the heavens on Earth,

00:38:59--> 00:38:59

in truth,

00:39:02--> 00:39:02

and justice.

00:39:04--> 00:39:05

This is how he created the

00:39:06--> 00:39:13

meaning that all of the things that they have in the earth, they function according to his well,

00:39:17--> 00:39:19

whether it's the cloud,

00:39:20--> 00:39:39

whether it's the stars, whether it's volcanoes, whether it's the seas, whatever, and they haven't done the earth function, according to the will of Allah. And Allah mentions about creation, that all the all that is in the heavens and the earth, prays a lot.

00:39:41--> 00:39:43

But you cannot understand their prayer.

00:39:47--> 00:39:48

A lot of talks about

00:39:50--> 00:39:59

they all so if they're all praising a law, that is their purpose, to praise the law. So they are fulfilling their purpose. So therefore, in the fulfillment of their purpose. There is

00:40:00--> 00:40:00

Truth.

00:40:02--> 00:40:05

And on the basis of that truth, there is justice.

00:40:07--> 00:40:19

And when he talked about the heavens and the earth, the setup in truth and justice actually is referring to a number of verses found throughout the crowd who are a lot of sense. In fact, one of the semi watch what

00:40:22--> 00:40:25

it is you created the heavens and the earth in truth.

00:40:27--> 00:40:27

So,

00:40:29--> 00:40:30

even Jamia links, that's

00:40:32--> 00:40:41

a general statement that the Kevin's in the earth were created, doing, truly what Allah has prescribed.

00:40:43--> 00:40:50

Truth being the foundation of justice, because you cannot have justice without truth. True justice.

00:40:51--> 00:40:53

False justice, yes.

00:40:55--> 00:40:58

False justice, without truth.

00:40:59--> 00:41:03

What is the truth? The truth is what a law has defined as the truth meaning,

00:41:05--> 00:41:12

one could say, it is just that if a man can have four wives, a woman can also have four wives husbands.

00:41:14--> 00:41:18

Not fair. Because when you mean what to say, just hear me saying that means fair.

00:41:20--> 00:41:21

But on what truth is that?

00:41:24--> 00:41:25

It's not according to the truth of

00:41:27--> 00:41:30

the law, he has made it permissible for men, and not.

00:41:33--> 00:41:49

So though there may appear to be fairness, and as a consequence, justice, it's not based on truth. It's based on human reasoning. What seems reasonable to the human being, and that, in many cases, is not the truth.

00:41:51--> 00:42:11

The truth which allies prescribed, is one based on human realities, knowledge of the human being of males. Now they're made up because he created them, of females and how they're made up because he created them, and what was needed for them to function effectively in the society together.

00:42:13--> 00:42:21

So a law prescribes, he's the one who knew before he created them, that most crimes would be committed by men.

00:42:23--> 00:42:28

And most violent crimes which involve taking the lives of other human beings would be done by men

00:42:30--> 00:42:32

and wars with the men killing men,

00:42:35--> 00:42:40

and so on and so forth, that men would live shorter lives than women.

00:42:41--> 00:42:48

Because he designed it that way, that there would be a surplus of women in most societies.

00:42:49--> 00:42:49

If

00:42:51--> 00:42:57

nature is allowed to take its course, the nature or the natural way in which allows grants and things.

00:42:59--> 00:43:04

So when he prescribed, he prescribed things, according to the

00:43:06--> 00:43:08

realities of the human being, which was

00:43:10--> 00:43:11

and how he created them,

00:43:13--> 00:43:23

then goes on to say, furthermore, that is better and beneficial for the limb, and its owner, as well as for the function for which it was used.

00:43:25--> 00:43:31

Naturally, when the limb is used in the way it was prescribed, it is better.

00:43:33--> 00:43:34

It's better,

00:43:35--> 00:43:36

not only for

00:43:37--> 00:43:37

me,

00:43:39--> 00:43:44

but for the owner of the level. For example, if we get a screwdriver,

00:43:45--> 00:43:46

right,

00:43:47--> 00:43:54

this screwdriver is a big size. So it's made for big screws.

00:43:55--> 00:43:59

But you use it for a small school.

00:44:00--> 00:44:04

So you have to jam it in there, you have to bash it, etc. And then you turn it

00:44:05--> 00:44:08

it's not good for the screwdriver.

00:44:09--> 00:44:14

And in the end, it's not beneficial for you because you're gonna damage that screw later on. When you come you want to take the screw out.

00:44:17--> 00:44:34

jammed it in there in such a way you can take it out so it's harmful to you in the end as well it isn't harmful to your screwdriver. So when instruments are used for the purpose for which they're created, then it's better for the instrument itself, as well as the owner of the instrument.

00:44:39--> 00:44:42

No even Timmy then goes on to say such a person

00:44:44--> 00:44:46

who uses his limbs orally

00:44:48--> 00:44:58

according to the purpose for which they were created. Such a person is truly righteous. This is the essence of righteousness righteousness.

00:45:00--> 00:45:20

Use one's faculties in a way which is pleasing to Allah. That is the essence of righteousness is that such a person is truly righteous, whose state of being is upright. And such people are following guidance from their Lord. And it is they will be successful.

00:45:22--> 00:45:23

In

00:45:24--> 00:45:28

describing them, the paraphrase is a verse from

00:45:29--> 00:45:37

which a law says there, those are following guidance from their Lord. There are those who are successful like Allah who who robbed him.

00:45:42--> 00:45:51

This is his style. As he's explaining things, he will slide into a part of a Quranic verse or parts of a hadith. And that's how he wrote.

00:45:52--> 00:46:42

and Mrs. Scholars also will speak, when you hear them giving lectures, etc. They may not say it was narrated by Abu huraira, that the dead zones or soul or in Surah, this verse, you know, last month, Allah said so and so no, they may just paraphrase and insert a verse, or a head, these are statements of the sob or whatever, in the course of their talk. Those listening to them, of course, they know because they've memorized that verse have they heard that I didn't know exactly where it's coming from. So this is why, of course, for our purposes, whenever these things are done, they we will look at the sources of where it came from, anyway, a person who is following this truth,

00:46:44--> 00:46:45

who is using his or her name,

00:46:47--> 00:46:49

in the way that they were designed to be used.

00:46:50--> 00:46:53

Such a person must be following guidance.

00:46:55--> 00:46:57

Because without guidance, you're not going to arrive there.

00:46:59--> 00:47:02

Yes, we are greeted with a nature and natural belief in

00:47:03--> 00:47:06

the environment around us, draws us into all kinds of things.

00:47:08--> 00:47:17

The reality, the environment has this powerful impact on us, which causes us to become everything but what we were created to be.

00:47:19--> 00:47:27

So for a person to then use his or her lives, as they were prescribed by law,

00:47:28--> 00:47:40

they must have guidance. This is why a loss and profits with books and guidance, guide human guide. That's why the very first human being was on the face of the earth was a prophet of Allah.

00:47:42--> 00:48:06

Because if he wasn't the proper level of law, he had to deal with this circumstance, he was the authority was one important, then without that guidance from a law, then he's likely to make major mistakes and misguide others. So that's why the very first person was not only the first person but a prophet of Allah, Allah sends guidance to the prophets,

00:48:07--> 00:48:07

etc.

00:48:09--> 00:48:17

Then it goes on to describe the other states of limits and faculties.

00:48:18--> 00:48:22

You either use it for what it was you proposed to use for what

00:48:24--> 00:48:24

purpose?

00:48:26--> 00:48:27

Or you don't,

00:48:29--> 00:48:34

or in the middle of it, don't use it at all. Just leave it as a useless,

00:48:37--> 00:48:38

useless faculty.

00:48:39--> 00:48:59

You don't benefit from it, it's just wasted. So I said, if the limb is not used in the proper way, and instead is left unused. That is a loss a real loss. And the owner is cheated. its owner is

00:49:01--> 00:49:06

not using the proper way. It's just left on us. That is a loss.

00:49:08--> 00:49:16

Because either we're gaining or losing. That's the reality. Either we are benefiting or being harmed.

00:49:17--> 00:49:22

No, and not using a limb we might not see obvious harm,

00:49:23--> 00:49:45

but didn't use the slip. Where's the harm? Well, the harm is that the opportunity that we had to take benefits from that limb was lost. So who was the loser? We we didn't use the low limb in the way it should have been used. We've lost and he goes on to say such a person is she did

00:49:47--> 00:49:49

actually try me it was there is

00:49:50--> 00:49:54

this term motherboard and it's commonly used in business,

00:49:55--> 00:50:00

classically used in business to refer to a person being cheated in their business.

00:50:01--> 00:50:06

Now, that term was used by the prophet SAW Selim in a well known

00:50:08--> 00:50:10

concerning spare time.

00:50:12--> 00:50:13

Or Moses element said

00:50:14--> 00:50:15

narrated by

00:50:17--> 00:50:18

Dr. Madani

00:50:19--> 00:50:22

fi market to me the last

00:50:24--> 00:50:24

one for all.

00:50:27--> 00:50:31

There are two blessings about which many people are cheated.

00:50:33--> 00:50:33

And spirits,

00:50:34--> 00:50:35

Galvin spirits

00:50:37--> 00:50:38

meaning that

00:50:39--> 00:50:43

a person thinks that they have good health,

00:50:44--> 00:50:51

and that this will last forever. So they don't take benefits from that health, when they have the chance.

00:50:52--> 00:50:57

Similarly, they think they have spare time, time to kill, time to waste.

00:50:58--> 00:51:05

And, of course, God time is not always there, the time has gone into place. Oh, I wish I had used that time to do so.

00:51:06--> 00:51:11

They have lost, they have been fooled by Satan and such they were cheated

00:51:12--> 00:51:14

some of the some of the comments and some of the scholars said concerning the

00:51:16--> 00:51:36

evidence, but he said the many of the ideas is that a person is not free until he has whatever is sufficient for himself. And his physical health is good. Whoever finds that should be careful that he's not deceived, by abandoning, giving thanks to Allah

00:51:38--> 00:51:40

for the blessings he has bestowed on him.

00:51:42--> 00:51:52

Among the expressions of gratitude to him, is strictly following his commands and avoiding his provisions. Whoever fails to do so is deceived

00:51:53--> 00:52:00

and indicated by the phrase many people, those who are blessed not to be deceived, are few.

00:52:01--> 00:52:05

No Josie, he also said concerning the same

00:52:06--> 00:52:07

person may be healthy,

00:52:09--> 00:52:18

but not free, due to being busy with earning a living, or he could be without need for earning a living and not be healthy.

00:52:19--> 00:52:24

If the two factors, what else spare time

00:52:25--> 00:52:26

together.

00:52:28--> 00:52:31

Laziness from accidental obedience overcomes him, he is

00:52:34--> 00:52:35

the person

00:52:37--> 00:52:37

is

00:52:39--> 00:52:43

negligent in his responsibilities due to laziness,

00:52:44--> 00:52:46

in times of good health and

00:52:48--> 00:52:48

free time,

00:52:50--> 00:52:52

then he has been deceived.

00:52:53--> 00:52:58

The full picture is that this world is the farm of the next world.

00:53:01--> 00:53:04

business was profits will appear in the next slide.

00:53:06--> 00:53:08

So whoever uses his free time

00:53:09--> 00:53:14

and doing acts of obedience, is in an enviable position.

00:53:16--> 00:53:25

fortunate and blessed. And whoever uses them in Acts of disobedience, is to see because free time is followed by visits

00:53:27--> 00:53:30

and health is followed by sickness.

00:53:32--> 00:53:34

Even if it is only old age,

00:53:37--> 00:53:48

commented saying, the prophet SAW Selim made a parable of a trader whose capital plus capital and seeks to profits along with the safety of his capital.

00:53:51--> 00:54:04

His way to achieve that is to be careful about whom he deals with, to adhere to the truth and to be a skillful trader in order not to be deceived or cheated.

00:54:05--> 00:54:08

What else and free time is capital.

00:54:09--> 00:54:10

He should deal with a law with

00:54:11--> 00:54:20

fighters desires are the enemy of religion in order to profit from the best of this world and the next one is close

00:54:22--> 00:54:27

to this description, as I mentioned in the Quran in surah

00:54:29--> 00:54:30

verse 10

00:54:33--> 00:54:36

kumala to Java two, g komen. I've I've been,

00:54:37--> 00:54:39

Shall I show you a trade

00:54:40--> 00:54:43

which will save you from the severe punishments.

00:54:47--> 00:54:53

what is required of him It goes on to say is that he avoids disobedience.

00:54:55--> 00:54:59

he avoids obedience to the soul's desires.

00:55:00--> 00:55:06

dealings with shaytaan Norden up to lose his capital, along with his profits.

00:55:07--> 00:55:20

And his statements said many people are deceived regarding them. It is similar to the process to a loss statement in the crime. Sure, saga saga, verse 13.

00:55:21--> 00:55:22

When I buy a

00:55:24--> 00:55:27

few of my servants are thankful,

00:55:28--> 00:55:32

many in the Hadees is equivalent to few in the verse.

00:55:34--> 00:55:35

So

00:55:37--> 00:55:39

this the general advice

00:55:45--> 00:55:45

is that

00:55:51--> 00:55:54

which is the greatest blessing that a human being received,

00:55:58--> 00:55:59

should be protected.

00:56:01--> 00:56:16

And that's whoever let's raise the reins loose to his ego commanding soul which eternally desires displeasure, and abandons adherence to divine the limited set limits, and constancy.

00:56:17--> 00:56:23

In doing acts of obedience has been received, whoever leaves that is

00:56:24--> 00:56:34

Similar is the case, if he's not busy, he's not busy doing righteous deeds looking after his soul, and he has been deceived.

00:56:36--> 00:56:38

Now, the third category we mentioned,

00:56:40--> 00:56:51

to me, I mentioned concerning the use of the levees is where it is used in conflict with was a law created for

00:56:53--> 00:56:56

us in contradiction to what it was created for.

00:56:58--> 00:57:06

That is misguidance and destruction and its owner is among those who change the blessings of a law with this belief.

00:57:09--> 00:57:10

what he has done here

00:57:11--> 00:57:13

is he has quoted a verse

00:57:15--> 00:57:19

indirectly, for a law said, I love him.

00:57:20--> 00:57:38

But the lunia amata, law eco frog, Have you not seen those who exchange the blessings of a law for this belief, because these are all blessings of Allah, if they're not used to please the law, in fact, they use in displeasure of a law, then this is replacing

00:57:39--> 00:57:41

blessings with

00:57:42--> 00:57:53

a lot of blessings in conflict to our last commands is a form of prayer doesn't mean a person who does this becomes a disbeliever. But it is a form of disbelief.

00:57:55--> 00:58:07

Because had we believed in a law properly as it should be believed in, and there's no way we can use his limbs against his use the limbs and she has created for us against this command.

00:58:19--> 00:58:26

When he said that using the limbs rather than what it was created, for means here, and the limbs are used in disobedience of a law.

00:58:30--> 00:58:35

Using the nameless to do sinful acts, is a misuse of

00:58:37--> 00:58:47

that results from the misunderstanding of its purpose, and from misguidance, which will ultimately lead to one's destruction.

00:58:49--> 00:58:58

So, the use of the limbs and faculties can be divided into three categories, using it for its purpose, that is for the pleasure of

00:58:59--> 00:59:00

not using it, leaving it.

00:59:02--> 00:59:04

That is personal loss

00:59:05--> 00:59:09

and deception, by Satan. And thirdly, using it

00:59:11--> 00:59:12

against the command.

00:59:14--> 00:59:20

And that is, of course, sin. Evil involved in it's also a deception we have been deceived.

00:59:24--> 00:59:27

Makes a general statement concerning the heart itself.

00:59:28--> 00:59:36

He said, The master of all limbs, and their hand is the heart as it has been named

00:59:38--> 00:59:39

Martin

00:59:40--> 00:59:41

Foster Wallace.

00:59:46--> 00:59:49

He makes a linguistic mentioned here that that's why it's called

00:59:52--> 00:59:58

functional body he said that the heart is called because it is the essence of the body

01:00:00--> 01:00:01

The essence of everything

01:00:03--> 01:00:17

anything which contains the essence is referred to as Arabic and Arabic term which means the essence and we in English we use it also we say, the heart of the matter, can you get to the heart of the matter

01:00:19--> 01:00:25

doesn't matter, heartrending, it means that essence a core right. So,

01:00:26--> 01:00:31

this is what he he alludes to the linguistic meaning of course, the word

01:00:33--> 01:00:46

is also explained by scholars to mean are to take its meaning from its flippant nature, that it flips back and forth. You know, also means something turned upside down.

01:00:48--> 01:01:02

So, as I said, that said that the heart is between the fingers of the Most Merciful he flips them as he wishes and he would make a saying, you know, the

01:01:08--> 01:01:09

flipper of hearts

01:01:11--> 01:01:14

make my heart firm on your religion.

01:01:15--> 01:01:23

So, this is another meeting, but even Jamia focuses on the meaning, which implies the essence of things

01:01:25--> 01:01:27

and that is the role of the heart within the body.

01:01:29--> 01:02:00

Okay, this is as far as we will go. Today inshallah, we'll continue to look at the purpose of the arts and in chapter, first chapter, and we'll be looking at the well known Hadees concerning halaal. And how, wherein the prophet SAW some of them close these saying, indeed in the body, there is a clump of flesh, it becomes good the whole body becomes good. And if it goes bad, the whole body goes bad. Indeed. It is.

01:02:03--> 01:02:04

Nicola

01:02:05--> 01:02:06

shadow Li

01:02:07--> 01:02:08

suka