Basic Sources Of Islam

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Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

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Now, we begin

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with delfy, we went through the

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concept of a lot of one.

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After that, we then looked at the basic

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sources of Islam.

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And looking at the basic source of Islam, we identified them as four. Therefore, they

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said they weren't

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good enough with the plan, of course,

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we looked at

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what separates us from other states.

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statements, actions and approvals have

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conveyed to data generation.

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And we looked at the demand was the things which after the time of the proximate problems arose,

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and there were no solution, clear solutions, in the parlance, Samantha B

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would gather together and come to some kind of consensus of opinion on a particular issue, how they would handle it. And even this consensus would be based in one way or another on a concept which already existed in the

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last category we said was the

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was the production of new laws by analogy,

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which we would use day to day or problem arises today, for example,

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a person is an astronaut.

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We have a lot that support into certain kinds of projects.

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Based on

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what if a person is an astronaut

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circling the earth?

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Or if he lives in the North Pole, whether it's six months or six months of night? What did he do? This is not where we used

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to determine made because obviously, in

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the area where the crime was revealed, was in Arabia, the same area. And the problems that were solved at that time with a problem with the term common.

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There are certain principles given which could be applied in later time. But basically, the problems that you're solving were relative to this problem.

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And so we would then have to look into some of the requirements or into the statements

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to see if there's a principle which could be applied or taken

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and applied to this particular problem. Of course, there is another time.

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But no,

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what I wanted to go into today is similar, we looked at the barn.

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And we looked at

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some of the basic principles and stuff here, looking at how the wind was collected, and

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how it was revealed, and the Meccans storage and then the demons and the significance of them, we'll look at those. And now actually, there's more things to be taken also there. But so as not to make these classes, one sided, we spend, you know, like maybe two months, only on

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the ship now into

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something, then we go on to some different

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tips that will come back to this

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section.

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So,

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what we'll look at today is the

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first thing to understand,

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is we said that was saying, actions and approvals, the profit,

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which were collected by his companions, observed by US companies, companions collected and handed down and recorded, they're now embodied in books where we can find

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what it calls hobbies. Now, when we say things and actions, when you look at the different hobbies,

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you will see like most of the hardest to see now in English you will see it will say, you know this companion, the name of one of the prophets companions mentioned the name first.

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You know,

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or Abu era, these are some of the names of some of the companions of the Prophet, they would say, Prophet Muhammad.

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Right, he said something that was said that

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people were given Omar number one of the competitors

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that says, In the next deed are judged by their intention.

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Okay, now, that is an example of a saying of the

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same action, another happy if you may find, for example,

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another companion, same thing, for example,

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and a mnemonic.

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He said, I prayed behind Prophet Muhammad.

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And

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I never heard him decide

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before saying,

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an action,

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because it's confining I was describing an action

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before, although we all know that we learned a lot

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and then develop

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a business without him. He didn't need that.

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Okay, so this is this, how do we know that this is from a statement made by the compiler describing an action of

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an action, an example of an approval, for example,

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on one occasion, even

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reported that he had gone with

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them to over to one of the glass houses, and they were serving some

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particular designated hair color.

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family.

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And maybe, in this region here, I don't know if some of you might have seen

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people with some

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sort of

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fat body.

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But it's a lizard is a form of lizard, got a long tail, and

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it was eaten in certain parts of Arabia. So they will look for the service department.

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And one of the drives new service, you might have liked it. So she asked one of the

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elements.

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So they informed him when they informed the news just about Eastern women, for me.

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So even a password sitting there with him

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in my area.

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So it's not that he did it, right.

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So the fact that he ate it in front of the profit from above,

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right at the front of the profit, and the profit did not prevent him from doing so.

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This indicates that eating out

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things similar to that are

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understand.

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So we have three basic categories in which the difference occurs. Things as far as I said, don't do this or do this. Or this is so bad. So things that he did, where it combined describing, he did this and he did that.

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And there are some things which were done in the President was he allowed to be done anything which was done in his presence, which he didn't speak about, that thing is automatically considered allowable.

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Because

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it was his duty. It was his duty that if anything was done in his presence,

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anything was on his resume.

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If he saw it, he had to point out that it was rifle

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was required.

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From that it understood from in Islam, that anything was done in his presence. He didn't say anything about that.

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Those are the three basic categories. Now, what is the significance Really?

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One, we looked at this to something we were looking at

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the stillness

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explained

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the details of the crime, which you may not get

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the negative explanation a bit

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From the practical explanation and application of the client,

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right, the client tells us to do this great

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benefits.

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Great.

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But you cannot find anywhere in the Koran, which tells us how to pray.

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And this is why in Islam, we don't, you know, it's not acceptable for somebody to say, Okay, I'm following the law. And that's it.

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Because if you want to say many things, concerning Islam and understanding principles of

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the Prophet Muhammad, he put that into practice.

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He showed how, like he said,

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that he said, some do come out of it to me, pray, as you saw me pray.

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So he would demonstrate, on one occasion when he was in the masjid, he would make he made praying in front of the companions, he would climb

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up on the minbari

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platform as he used to

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give

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a talk on arrays in about everybody on the ground.

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Then there'll be like a wave platform, say, you know, a little higher than if you just get him above the people, he was talking about.

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Three stairs,

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what he did was he started spraying on top of a lot of them. When the time came to make the juice, what he did is he back down the stairs,

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at the bottom, then he went back up there.

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There's the end of it, he said, I only did this so that you may learn the method of my prayer, our prayer.

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So we did some instant practice, statements he makes about what he did. It shows us how we're supposed to pray. The thing is, when you go around different parts of the Muslim world, or you come in contact with Muslims of various parts of the world, you may find them playing in different ways. I mean, the basic prayer will be the same. They tried to have,

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you know, the Allahu Akbar, to begin

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with the Jews today think that means

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the basic format will be same. But

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there may be things in between, whether first, when it before going into the court, he raises his hand, we're going to require when it comes to reporting.

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Some people when they go into the pool, you know, they just sit out for a second and they straight up or when they come up, for example, when they come up from before, you know, if they're coming up from appointment come up, and they're going down.

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Some people want to come on over for

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this many different things. These are just some examples I'm giving you are when they're sitting, and they sit with one foot one way to the feet another way, number of different things, look at the variation. Okay? Now,

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some of these variations are acceptable, and some of them are not.

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We can't just look at it on sale, it's alright.

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If you could get other people do anything you want, as long as you say, you believe that, you know, Jesus died for our sins, etc. Right? God died on the cross for our sins. No matter how you do, how you play all these other things. You can do anything you want. Right? So you find new sets coming up. Every year you have some new person comes up, he's got his own way. And Islam

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is not for everybody.

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Because it's

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free.

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What does that mean? We see in Brent

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did any of us

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know?

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But how can we see him by going back?

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When we go to have the editor describing this companion thing, I saw him do this. I saw him do that. He said this is that very detail. You go to any of the books of Hadith Bukhari Muslim, every one of you who's able to buy a copy of ohare they haven't supported reality, nine volumes. Muslim for what 100 V out for. Those are two basic books of happiness. They're the most authentic books in Islam outside of Africa and the most authentic books in Islam.

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Because

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every one of you is able

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to have a look available in town in our main bookstore, also in the College Center, international bookstore they have upstairs in the second floor. There.

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have many, many different books, they have their

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copies printed in.

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Anyway, the voice is so blessed to obey that command the look of it,

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then you have to look

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at equal talent.

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Got to say, we saw him do this, do that.

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So there we look now we'll look at what people are doing. Are they doing this?

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This thing, okay?

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You can do that. That thing, no mention of him doing that.

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Because

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Islam is what Prophet Muhammad SAW.

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It's not what our grandfathers did, or what the people in Iraq do, or what the people in

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India do, or anything like this, Islam.

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Islam is what the prophet Muhammad SAW.

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This is a basic list.

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So, from the sun, Nuff said. The

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importance of the Sunnah is that it clarifies the meanings of the

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another basic

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principle of the center is that it may give laws, which are not.

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There are some laws it's come from the Sunda which are not found in

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the many of the things for example, we have general commands in the

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general statements in the crime and clarifies the statement explains how to do it explain certain details that are not mentioned.

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But there are some cases where there are laws, which the Prophet Muhammad gave, which are not found in the court at all.

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For example,

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when they got up on the number

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in the masjid Medina, and he held up some silk,

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and

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gold.

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And he said, these two are forbidden to the male's of my own,

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but allowed the women

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go to anywhere. Can you find any mention of gold and silver, those of you that read the plan from beginning to end?

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I mean, beyond those all talking about the

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other rich people, how they gathered up, you know, wealth and so on.

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But there's no mention specifically of gold and silver.

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This is a law

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No, nothing.

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That means that for Muslim men, he's not allowed to let go

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holding gold necklaces, bracelets,

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mean real silk, silk

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shirts, gold is definitely not

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those two

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commandments.

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There

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are also certain laws

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which are not found in the mind.

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Okay.

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We also have in the submount.

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You could say like a an example, from a human point of view.

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Because if the client had been brought,

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I mean it was the book, everything was in the book,

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all the details and in the book, and a lot

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everything that we need to know about in the book, and the book could have been revealed.

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But if it were revealed in that fashion,

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it could be easy for somebody,

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human beings,

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beyond the ability of

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the Prophet putting the book into practice, and

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it provides us with confidence that it is possible

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within the realm of the ability of humans to do

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is an example.

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And one fact that we can also understand

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the fact that a law could have put everything in

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Didn't

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made the problem.

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It also shows us that for us to

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follow Islam properly, we have to go

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teaching us the proper way to approach to practice.

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Not that we pray to them. You're asking him to do things we're talking about applications.

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And for example,

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he said

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one statement reported by ISIS

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in a lot

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I didn't leave anything which would bring you closer to a lot except that I told you to do

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when it comes to the law, allow me something which is religious a religious act because the purpose of a religious activity one because

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when you do a religious act, you're seeking to please God, please, God needs us to get closer to God and God is with you inshallah, you will be closer to God. So inept, explicitly said, I didn't, there was nothing to bring you closer to God except I told you.

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And he goes on to say

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goodbye to Cumani. Now, we have an alarm in our head to come and I didn't leave anything to take you away from a lot

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and take you closer to the hellfire. I learned your way from

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so in terms of religion,

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because it there are religious things, the things that have to do with religion bring you closer to Allah

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and protect you from things take you away from

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terms of religion, there is nothing the Prophet Allah

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means that nobody can come along today and bring something new in the religious they will listen, you know,

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we need extra

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people today are getting farther away from a lot of material world

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working on them too hard to fight for largemouth bass.

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Alex

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Alon knows the condition of mankind, how mankind is going to change.

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In the future, it was going to be necessary to have

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prayer compulsory the day he would have

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went up.

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We know we don't accept anyone.

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So now, what do you want to look at? A statement of the profit?

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I just wanted to give you an example here are what are

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some of the i think i'm familiar.

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Okay, this is one of these here.

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You know, this is how they

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look in the books.

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In Arabic, in English, what you're going to see is

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that the Prophet, the prophet,

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will just be the name of the companions. What happened is that

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when the problem comes up and have died from the rolls,

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and

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some solution has to be made for it, or somebody wanted to know what to do. New people came into Islam, they want to know what to do, they would go to the companions of the Prophet and they would ask what do we do here? How do we make the lotto they would say,

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I saw

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or I heard

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them say, they use this and they

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also some of the companions of the Prophet who came into Islam in the latter years.

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You know, in the, after the Indra or you know, close to

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life, they miss things which came earlier, they would learn just from practice, but some of them also concerned to know what to do.

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So they may learn a different study under some of the older companions who have been with the buskin the earlier time. So, when they were teaching somebody who came into Islam after the death of the Prophet, they would say

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I heard from

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one of the oldest companions, who said that he saw the Prophet Muhammad.

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Okay. So now, when the generation of the companions died out,

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and those people who studied under them, they're called an advocate referred to as the old, copy old, against the follower.

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Now, that was their duty because they're carrying Islam further, it is their duty to teach the new people who came into Islam

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or other people from from their generation, who didn't get a chance to sit and study with one of the companions. So now, when they were asked the question, you know, how did the prophecies go? And

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they would say,

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they would say,

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I heard from the companion

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that he saw the Prophet Mohammed doesn't do so until he said that the Prophet Muhammad Abdullah said,

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or they couldn't relate it in this way, they couldn't say it. Because they heard from younger companions, who heard from older companions, they would say, I heard from even Omar was the youngest,

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who said that he heard from others with older companions, that he saw the Prophet Muhammad SAW some

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This is how they would always tell them something, if they were teaching the people they would just say,

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he said, this is a thing I heard from, because they would try to give them the authority, what is the basis under which they're saying that this.

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So,

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in the generation of the companions, after the death of the Prophet, and even during his lifetime, some of the companions wrote down some of the things that they saw

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the students who studied under the compilers, more of them, wrote down what they saw

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and the generation which came after them,

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many people began to write down.

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Now, when you see a happy,

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like, we have one happy here,

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in which it goes

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at the bottom, that is hop, Ebrahim, okay. This is the person who put this

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together he said,

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if he had been ebrahimian to talk with Sanofi breaking him

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he informed us

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Okay, back inside, inform the steps the paper inside.

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Allah have definitely hung up a bill

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that he heard from come up, even Alicia even always mean.

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And Hannah, in the failure

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word from an

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IV from his father.

00:28:49--> 00:28:49

His father

00:28:52--> 00:28:52

died

00:28:54--> 00:28:57

from both sides, and because he was a competitor,

00:28:59--> 00:29:00

who said

00:29:01--> 00:29:02

to the mind for the wireless

00:29:05--> 00:29:06

when enough TV ad,

00:29:07--> 00:29:13

by the one who's had my thoughts, swearing by God, God's

00:29:15--> 00:29:16

soul of everyone.

00:29:20--> 00:29:24

All of you will definitely enter Paradise in them and

00:29:25--> 00:29:26

except he who refuses,

00:29:28--> 00:29:30

will shatter and unlocking

00:29:32--> 00:29:36

London from a law the way that a camel went away.

00:29:38--> 00:29:38

companion

00:29:40--> 00:29:43

to the law, messenger of a woman

00:29:44--> 00:29:45

who would refuse

00:29:46--> 00:29:47

and yet

00:29:50--> 00:29:50

Allah

00:29:52--> 00:29:53

says, Man upon me,

00:29:55--> 00:29:57

man, honey

00:29:59--> 00:29:59

baby

00:30:00--> 00:30:02

It's a Friday when I saw me,

00:30:04--> 00:30:05

whoever disobeyed me

00:30:09--> 00:30:10

okay.

00:30:11--> 00:30:13

So, before the statement of the problem,

00:30:14--> 00:30:16

we see. So, so said,

00:30:19--> 00:30:23

This section of the IDS comes when you look into

00:30:27--> 00:30:30

what we call a chain of the raters, and then at the end of it

00:30:32--> 00:30:33

or

00:30:35--> 00:30:35

now,

00:30:37--> 00:30:42

from that we can say that heavy is divided into two parts basically, we are looking

00:30:50--> 00:30:51

in Arabic This is called the center

00:30:58--> 00:31:00

and the other part of the heavy

00:31:07--> 00:31:10

which is known as the

00:31:32--> 00:31:32

okay.

00:31:38--> 00:31:44

The narratives we have in the chain, we have an individual who heard from the Prophet

00:31:45--> 00:31:48

heard from another individual versus another individual

00:31:49--> 00:31:50

pocket.

00:31:51--> 00:31:51

Now,

00:31:53--> 00:31:55

in looking at cubbies

00:31:58--> 00:31:59

what happened is that

00:32:01--> 00:32:03

after the time of the Prophet,

00:32:04--> 00:32:05

and

00:32:06--> 00:32:08

after the time of the peace companions

00:32:10--> 00:32:12

remember in the last session, we talked about

00:32:13--> 00:32:15

certain groups that broke away from

00:32:20--> 00:32:22

the two main groups locally, the main body

00:32:25--> 00:32:26

to support their practices.

00:32:28--> 00:32:30

Some of them made up

00:32:36--> 00:32:39

fabricated falsified statements

00:32:41--> 00:32:43

to support what they were doing.

00:32:46--> 00:32:47

So

00:32:48--> 00:32:50

in in that generation,

00:32:53--> 00:32:54

one of the candidates

00:32:56--> 00:32:59

generation, a couple of generations out

00:33:00--> 00:33:01

whose name was Omar,

00:33:04--> 00:33:09

he told the scholars in the various regions of Islam,

00:33:11--> 00:33:13

he told them to collect up all that.

00:33:16--> 00:33:18

Collect them all up by writing them down

00:33:19--> 00:33:21

and analyzing them.

00:33:22--> 00:33:28

So that those people who were making a statement would be known.

00:33:31--> 00:33:36

Those who falsify statements, of course, they're happy to not be considered or their statement

00:33:37--> 00:33:39

would not be considered to be authentic.

00:33:42--> 00:33:53

And let's say what happened is that those people collected up the heartbeat at this time what they did was they collected along with certain statements about everybody who was

00:33:54--> 00:33:57

if that's an excellent biographical statement, so and so

00:34:02--> 00:34:03

he started with soy and soy and

00:34:05--> 00:34:14

all the information about the people when this was being recorded. So what happened is that you also developed at this kind of writing down the

00:34:15--> 00:34:19

body of biographical material, which describes all the people

00:34:21--> 00:34:25

whether they were people who were falsely narrating or they were not popular.

00:34:29--> 00:34:38

Later on, what happens, you know, in the generation after that you have certain because the Muslim oma had started to split up

00:34:39--> 00:34:42

the leadership, the cabinet was

00:34:43--> 00:34:57

doing practices and things that are not really Islamic. So a lot of the scholars of that time they didn't want to be around. So they went to areas far away from the centers. And what happened is that when problems arose in their area, they would give certain

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

judgments as to how to solve

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

These problems

00:35:02--> 00:35:05

and they would do it based on the narrations of Habiba

00:35:06--> 00:35:13

or that were available in the area that they were. So you follow scholars and various classes and look around, you know, make them.

00:35:14--> 00:35:22

Among these scholars, some of them were, obviously, very good. their reasoning powers are very intense,

00:35:23--> 00:35:24

but others were.

00:35:25--> 00:35:31

So the ones who are very good you find found a lot of students, people wanted to study by the time they would gather around these.

00:35:34--> 00:35:38

And what started to develop what they call schools,

00:35:40--> 00:35:43

in schools of legal or what they call an average, they call them

00:35:46--> 00:35:47

Maliki,

00:35:52--> 00:35:53

schools of thought was developed.

00:35:56--> 00:36:00

Now, what happened is that in this time, when the schools of thought was about

00:36:02--> 00:36:04

scholars in the various areas, they didn't know all

00:36:05--> 00:36:06

they only knew that

00:36:07--> 00:36:18

they had gathered and what was available in their area. So because of that, you would find that some scholars in one area may make one decision, which was different from that which was made in another area.

00:36:22--> 00:36:30

The attitude of the scholars at that time was that if somebody came from the other area where he had, there was a narration, narration of it,

00:36:31--> 00:36:46

which prove that particular point. And he told us to the solid, the other area who had made a ruling, but didn't have a narration, he just made an unreasoning because that was all it was available. If he if he was told that there is this arrangement, it

00:36:47--> 00:36:49

shows that the ruling should really be

00:36:54--> 00:36:56

in later times, the students.

00:36:57--> 00:37:02

Scholars may amongst themselves be very open with the information.

00:37:04--> 00:37:09

But there's a tendency amongst students that they tend to want to elevate their teachers

00:37:12--> 00:37:14

and boast about my teachers feel very strongly about.

00:37:16--> 00:37:30

So you have this feeling that it can develop in later generations, that those people who studied under students who studied under a particular teacher, they wanted to kind of hold on to whatever rulings were made, and they didn't care, whatever they

00:37:32--> 00:37:43

decided to get people to come and visit one way. Or another way, they were not looking anymore to see what did the policy. And this kind of feeling was also

00:37:44--> 00:37:49

fonts that are developed by the California Baptist period, what they do

00:37:50--> 00:37:52

is they would have you think,

00:37:53--> 00:37:53

like,

00:37:55--> 00:38:03

this is between 15 knots, but they did what they would have in their court, and was consolidated scholar from one school

00:38:05--> 00:38:06

from another school,

00:38:07--> 00:38:11

and they will make up a problem. They are the result.

00:38:13--> 00:38:17

And the one who gave the best solution, he would win a prize.

00:38:20--> 00:38:46

So what is big now is that, of course, it's to scholars in many generations now after the founding fathers. scholars are not competing. They don't want to give up, they don't want to lose because they want to win that prize. They're not now, they're not now debating to try and find what is the truth. They're trying to debate to win the prize. So this is going to develop in the personal life, you know that he does, no matter how long he is, he will still hang on

00:38:47--> 00:38:47

to

00:38:50--> 00:38:56

this attitude, though. So this this again, made people even more rigid about schools of thought.

00:38:58--> 00:39:12

And defense. So this was handed down in general. But what happened is that after the degeneration of the early scholars who started the schools of thought, a generation after them,

00:39:13--> 00:39:14

you had some

00:39:16--> 00:39:25

people, students who were mostly concerned with collecting narrations. So they went across the books and well, from one end to the other, collecting everything.

00:39:26--> 00:39:33

What they did was they looked in these biographies, biographies about the different people in the writing, and tried to just tip out only the accurate knowledge.

00:39:34--> 00:39:48

Some of them were concerned with this gathering everything. Some of them were concerned with gathering only accurate. And they now put together books with all of the statements they were not concerned with, who was my teacher who's or they didn't care about and they just wanted to get the attendees to get.

00:39:49--> 00:39:53

So you have no books of happy which develop

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

Now, when we look today,

00:40:05--> 00:40:12

of course, depending on where you come into play, some of you may accept Islam here, it may be a school of thought, follow the areas.

00:40:16--> 00:40:25

Some of you may know from Philippines, you're looking for able to study in different parts of Egypt. And in Egypt, you may study under the cafe.

00:40:27--> 00:40:33

Or if you go to study in Pakistan, you may study under the Hanafi. School, some of you will

00:40:34--> 00:40:39

study under the Maliki school. So now when you all go back to the Philippines to come do the work,

00:40:40--> 00:40:41

and the problem comes up.

00:40:42--> 00:40:43

And what

00:40:45--> 00:40:47

was nice was that

00:40:53--> 00:40:53

some people say, Well,

00:41:01--> 00:41:02

you know what to do?

00:41:14--> 00:41:17

We have to now go back to see what

00:41:20--> 00:41:21

kind of losses

00:41:24--> 00:41:26

if you have any differences amongst yourself,

00:41:28--> 00:41:32

take it back to a lot of metal and go back to the client.

00:41:38--> 00:41:41

No harm is studying from a different school, but we should study with an open mind.

00:41:43--> 00:41:45

We should understand that ultimately,

00:41:46--> 00:41:47

it does work.

00:41:52--> 00:41:55

Combining This is what determines

00:41:56--> 00:41:58

what was correct or incorrect.

00:42:01--> 00:42:02

Okay. So

00:42:04--> 00:42:07

when we look at Happy ignacy, the scholars who said they gathered all the heavy stuff

00:42:09--> 00:42:15

into the different books, and they gathered up the biographies, a science of analyzing

00:42:17--> 00:42:19

how to critically analyze,

00:42:20--> 00:42:23

how do we determine which had been authentic, and which

00:42:25--> 00:42:26

had been picked call?

00:42:39--> 00:42:42

And we've had these calls, right.

00:42:51--> 00:42:51

Now,

00:42:52--> 00:42:55

we'll hear the thickness and all of this.

00:42:59--> 00:43:00

How do they determine what?

00:43:05--> 00:43:06

Well,

00:43:07--> 00:43:08

for the most part,

00:43:09--> 00:43:11

it's going to be concerning

00:43:14--> 00:43:15

to determine what is

00:43:17--> 00:43:18

for the most

00:43:21--> 00:43:22

basic

00:43:24--> 00:43:25

area

00:43:28--> 00:43:28

to be considered.

00:43:31--> 00:43:34

It has to fulfill three basic conditions.

00:43:38--> 00:43:46

No, of course, I mean, as we're looking at this here, right? I mean, some of you are studying University. And this you will end up studying directly.

00:43:48--> 00:43:49

Some of you're not studying in university.

00:43:50--> 00:43:51

And

00:43:52--> 00:44:11

this may not have major significant that's why I wasn't going to touch it in a general sense, to just give you a general idea to understand what you know, Islam and the knowledge of Islam. It's not just a haphazard thing. You know, anybody can say what he wants to say and anybody can do what he wants to do. It's very technical. There's a whole system behind.

00:44:12--> 00:44:23

The reason why we say this is this is this is not total that has scientific knowledge behind it. I typically analyze concerns of people in the chain.

00:44:25--> 00:44:26

The people in the chain

00:44:29--> 00:44:30

have to

00:44:31--> 00:44:32

have all

00:44:33--> 00:44:34

met each other.

00:44:40--> 00:44:44

They have to have all met each other so we've got an English continuity.

00:44:49--> 00:44:52

Follow one follow the other continuity.

00:45:01--> 00:45:02

Okay, and

00:45:12--> 00:45:14

what this means is that when we look at the biographies of the people,

00:45:17--> 00:45:21

we think we see somebody saying, David Mohammed, Mohammed says,

00:45:22--> 00:45:24

he said, I heard from

00:45:25--> 00:45:34

that source. When we look in this list of marriage, biographies, Muhammad, he was born in

00:45:37--> 00:45:40

700 880.

00:45:51--> 00:45:54

Guy, Mohammed, he was born, he was born in a country

00:45:56--> 00:45:58

that we shouldn't even really use AP, AP, AP,

00:46:01--> 00:46:09

AP or Christian era. Because a B actually comes from Latin and abdominal, which means in the year of our Lord,

00:46:13--> 00:46:13

ABC,

00:46:15--> 00:46:19

in the year of our Lord, Lord, they're referring to Jesus, we don't consider Jesus our Lord

00:46:21--> 00:46:24

at that same CEO at after Christ.

00:46:29--> 00:46:29

So

00:46:30--> 00:46:32

he was born in 100

00:46:34--> 00:46:40

and died in 790.

00:46:44--> 00:46:52

If he said he heard from his heart, and he was born up in top guys, could you possibly have heard from the top? No, we don't have

00:46:53--> 00:46:54

once we see that.

00:46:58--> 00:47:05

Okay, that's one way. Another way, for example, he lives we see another man his name is, you know,

00:47:09--> 00:47:10

he lives in Iraq.

00:47:11--> 00:47:17

And when we read his biography, we see that he never talked about that. He only studied.

00:47:19--> 00:47:22

And he says, I heard from comets.

00:47:24--> 00:47:27

And we look Khalid, Khalid.

00:47:29--> 00:47:30

And he never traveled do

00:47:32--> 00:47:33

we say again?

00:47:34--> 00:47:47

How could I woke them up here from college when I woke up them and never left Iraq? no record of him leaving Iraq, going over to Egypt? And no record of carbon living in the world? How could you possibly,

00:47:48--> 00:47:50

again, don't have the sufficient

00:47:51--> 00:47:52

we don't have a continuous.

00:47:58--> 00:48:06

Okay. These are some of the conditions. I mean, there are a number of others, which relate back to the second one. That in principle, is

00:48:08--> 00:48:10

what we call an Arabic we call it

00:48:15--> 00:48:18

literally means justice and what they're referring to here that's different,

00:48:20--> 00:48:21

that the people

00:48:22--> 00:48:25

who are narrating are known to be

00:48:29--> 00:48:30

not known to be liars.

00:48:38--> 00:48:42

When we look into biographies, again, we might find somebody this man his name is

00:48:44--> 00:48:44

Mike,

00:48:46--> 00:48:47

he lives in Iraq,

00:48:48--> 00:48:50

in the same time period as

00:48:51--> 00:48:52

a black man.

00:48:53--> 00:49:06

Matter of fact, he even attempted some of the same study circles as mentioned in there because what used to happen is that those people narrate the studies they would say, I've heard from sources and so on and so on and so on. So it's also used to attend to circle the

00:49:10--> 00:49:13

whole body of information, identify the people and where they studied.

00:49:16--> 00:49:18

So, we have this my friend

00:49:20--> 00:49:21

I heard from

00:49:22--> 00:49:25

But no, we have reports of the people

00:49:27--> 00:49:28

saying that we started

00:49:31--> 00:49:32

picking up alcohol

00:49:36--> 00:49:38

once they are LED inflammation

00:49:42--> 00:49:44

in India, he said he reports are considered

00:49:47--> 00:49:59

no particular look to the in the web. It doesn't matter. You know, what your personal life is about. You know, they when they put the judge with information, accident,

00:50:00--> 00:50:05

acceptable, they don't look into the person's personal life. Right? You know, like, for example,

00:50:06--> 00:50:09

you may you may look into people like Freud.

00:50:11--> 00:50:11

Yeah, didn't

00:50:13--> 00:50:24

come into certain degree, but I'm saying in terms of passing on information. And we look at Freud, right now is the father of psychology,

00:50:25--> 00:50:27

psychiatry, and whole science.

00:50:32--> 00:50:35

Now, when you look into Freud, personally, he was

00:50:37--> 00:50:40

terribly individual, his personal life was terrible.

00:50:43--> 00:50:44

If Cuba committed suicide,

00:50:48--> 00:50:52

what he has taught, become the basis of this whole area.

00:50:54--> 00:50:55

Because they don't look into people

00:50:57--> 00:50:58

don't judge inflammation based on

00:51:02--> 00:51:03

the judge.

00:51:06--> 00:51:07

A lot says they're

00:51:10--> 00:51:11

never in.

00:51:13--> 00:51:25

Somebody comes to you with information. But he has the fact that that means you know, he doesn't pray regularly, you know, he may drink alcoholic doing something outside of his mouth.

00:51:36--> 00:51:38

If we find somebody of that

00:51:39--> 00:51:40

bad character,

00:51:41--> 00:51:42

and no one Liar,

00:51:45--> 00:51:45

liar,

00:51:46--> 00:51:46

liar.

00:51:49--> 00:51:50

He always took himself off.

00:51:51--> 00:51:54

You know, you see people in programs without the guy

00:51:55--> 00:51:57

giving evidence. He says, yes.

00:51:59--> 00:52:04

This and that, and this, and I try to keep track of all this diversity. But you're

00:52:06--> 00:52:18

right, because the liar because he's not telling the truth. Telling the truth, no matter how many different ways in which you ask this question, I'm going to give you the same answer, because it's the truth. So now, if you're a liar, if you made up a story,

00:52:20--> 00:52:27

you know, you can ask different angles, or the lawyers can and they ask different angles and say this and that and to give you make you feel confident, if that makes

00:52:32--> 00:52:34

you a liar, it will come out.

00:52:36--> 00:52:37

Similarly, you have people

00:52:38--> 00:52:41

they wouldn't know it. I heard from thoughts or thoughts or words.

00:52:45--> 00:52:48

He tells us to another person comes in and he tells him I heard

00:52:51--> 00:53:00

and he came to some of what to compensate, because he can't remember exactly, you know, there's going to be variation. So now, when these scholars well, that gathering the narration from this guy, and they find

00:53:02--> 00:53:04

photos that will not work that way.

00:53:09--> 00:53:18

Especially if, for example, other people who are in the same circles as him said something different altogether, it definitely is a life. Okay?

00:53:25--> 00:53:27

is one of the conditions. The third condition

00:53:30--> 00:53:30

known as dub,

00:53:34--> 00:53:36

dub, dub, dub, dub,

00:53:37--> 00:53:37

dub

00:53:40--> 00:53:41

means like, accurate,

00:53:46--> 00:53:47

accurate.

00:53:57--> 00:53:58

Okay, accuracy.

00:54:00--> 00:54:12

comes there are two forms of what they call sub two sub sub sub two sub is accuracy, in the sense of memorization, or accuracy in the sense of having

00:54:13--> 00:54:14

so many look at the narrator

00:54:16--> 00:54:20

if this narrator was the person who's right now if he attended the circle,

00:54:22--> 00:54:26

so, the first one narrator, the narrator, from that which was within

00:54:27--> 00:54:27

the

00:54:29--> 00:54:30

70s.

00:54:34--> 00:54:37

If the person for example, has a good memory,

00:54:39--> 00:54:40

it will show it is not mentioned

00:54:43--> 00:54:46

the new h dominaria to do the same.

00:54:49--> 00:54:51

And that's how they just looked at what they're all doing.

00:54:52--> 00:54:58

If they already did, they saw some slight variation. That meant his memory was not very well made.

00:55:00--> 00:55:02

major differences, this is my memory.

00:55:05--> 00:55:19

Some people for example, when they were young, it's not very accurate. When they got old, you know, to get to know the person get mixed up, but nobody, this guy's a liar. Now he's different from the other one, not a liar.

00:55:20--> 00:55:29

But it's got things mixed up in his mind, he might quote narrate a correct chain of narration, but the statement that he puts at the end really belongs to another table.

00:55:32--> 00:55:40

So, they will say okay, they make the most of this man, if interest in the early part of his life, with

00:55:42--> 00:55:45

those which he narrates, in the latter part of his life we consider

00:55:47--> 00:55:48

memory.

00:55:51--> 00:55:52

So, these are the

00:55:53--> 00:55:57

conditions of course, if these divisions exist,

00:56:00--> 00:56:02

if the conditions don't exist and

00:56:06--> 00:56:20

those are the main two categories, for example, you will find For example, one heavy which is narrated by are attributed to Holly it will be probably one of the combat

00:56:25--> 00:56:27

log as well.

00:56:29--> 00:56:30

Nobody did that, he said

00:56:33--> 00:56:38

as a place for putting one's hands in salon is right over the next

00:56:42--> 00:56:43

we have another happy

00:56:44--> 00:56:46

reported by

00:56:48--> 00:56:48

that,

00:56:49--> 00:56:57

when the Prophet describing when the Prophet he prayed with his right hand or left hand on his chest,

00:57:02--> 00:57:06

now, we have to determine are these two statements because we have

00:57:07--> 00:57:12

to have say for example, in city we have one companion report that he saw

00:57:14--> 00:57:14

along

00:57:16--> 00:57:17

with his feet

00:57:18--> 00:57:24

together and is behind on the bathrooms in the field. I mean,

00:57:31--> 00:57:33

getting on the heels in the bottom

00:57:35--> 00:57:36

there is another narration

00:57:38--> 00:57:41

on the left foot bent on the heel on the bottom of it

00:57:46--> 00:57:47

there's another narration

00:57:50--> 00:57:51

on the left side

00:57:54--> 00:57:56

and the left foot under the chin

00:57:59--> 00:58:00

we have all these narrations

00:58:03--> 00:58:16

we've only looked at you know, what is acceptable, what is not what is accurate, when when we look for the ideal concerning frame when we find that to be solid is automatically considered

00:58:17--> 00:58:35

we don't have any doubts about his job or what we have to look now it is the continued continuity of those who came after where they all meeting each other where they are most honest and accurate. When we look into that can we find

00:58:36--> 00:58:38

certain individuals in the chain who are known liar

00:58:42--> 00:58:45

considered by look into the other chain concerning

00:58:47--> 00:58:52

the chain people are met each other on its activities they're

00:58:54--> 00:58:56

not only look at judging

00:58:57--> 00:58:58

appointments

00:59:00--> 00:59:04

we have only one choice because the only one which is authentic is

00:59:06--> 00:59:06

the founder one is

00:59:08--> 00:59:11

not you cannot build a lot of that.

00:59:13--> 00:59:14

Because the hubby's

00:59:18--> 00:59:19

only correct division

00:59:20--> 00:59:25

whether it is here, or no, we're on a genetic basis.

00:59:27--> 00:59:32

So what sets me apart from you know where the results are anywhere from here on up? That is the correct

00:59:34--> 00:59:36

when we look into the hobbies concerning the city,

00:59:38--> 00:59:44

we find that all of them have continued to retain all of them, all of them.

00:59:47--> 00:59:47

So what do we have?

00:59:48--> 00:59:51

We have three practices.

00:59:53--> 00:59:54

In other words, sometimes is that

00:59:56--> 00:59:58

sometimes is that the other way and sometimes

01:00:00--> 01:00:05

disabling means you have an option here now, you want easier for you to sit like that, okay?

01:00:10--> 01:00:11

So, it is the

01:00:13--> 01:00:20

accuracy and the witness of ideas which tell us which things in Islam our Options, Options means you can do this and do that.

01:00:22--> 01:00:24

I would say there's, there's only one way

01:00:28--> 01:00:30

this is this is what this is how we determine though what to do

01:00:32--> 01:00:33

by going back

01:00:36--> 01:00:37

all of you should buy it.

01:00:39--> 01:00:46

Because most I will say, contains all of the activities, but probably about 75% of the accurate

01:00:48--> 01:00:50

whatever you find in that you can work

01:00:52--> 01:00:58

very, very accurately. When you go back to your community, whatever you should call people

01:01:00--> 01:01:03

have let us go according to what we know.

01:01:05--> 01:01:09

Or things you have thought about where it came from. So once you're satisfied with his opinion,

01:01:10--> 01:01:12

he goes to come to what

01:01:16--> 01:01:17

is the basis for

01:01:21--> 01:01:23

Okay, I'll stop here.

01:01:24--> 01:01:24

And

01:01:29--> 01:01:44

open up for many of you have any questions based on what we've covered first. And then general questions, gallery general questions, stuff you've read during the week, or things earlier, integrated, some books are clear to you, whatever you can now.

01:01:56--> 01:02:04

No, I didn't say that. I said that the Hebrew Guardian contains about 75% of the accurate pets

01:02:05--> 01:02:06

due to dinner.

01:02:08--> 01:02:12

No. David Bukhari and Muslim are 100% accurate.

01:02:13--> 01:02:15

There are other books that have been

01:02:18--> 01:02:22

busy to send them and say no, no is later.

01:02:23--> 01:02:27

Later because we're looking no he he's gonna say that he came from Bari. Okay.

01:02:29--> 01:02:31

So these are the main ones like this is a haven,

01:02:33--> 01:02:47

haven Hitman, even if he is one of the collectors, we have a number of different books. But in the other book, you have some ideas which are weak, and some ideas for sure. Authentic in the case of Ohio 100%.

01:02:48--> 01:02:53

I'm thinking in terms of looking for the basic practices and principles of Islam.

01:02:55--> 01:03:00

About 75% of them can be found and you know, when they're found there that they're correct.

01:03:03--> 01:03:06

Means is a very reliable book the same way inshallah every day

01:03:09--> 01:03:10

you should open up some of the

01:03:14--> 01:03:14

knowledge.

01:03:47--> 01:03:50

Well, when we go and look into hobbies,

01:03:51--> 01:03:52

we will find that

01:03:53--> 01:03:56

there are some ID describing the problem.

01:03:59--> 01:04:00

But

01:04:02--> 01:04:04

according to Gallup

01:04:09--> 01:04:15

whereas in terms of Hanford, you have hobbies, what about hobbies where

01:04:20--> 01:04:22

whenever any of you may

01:04:25--> 01:04:29

not do it the way that the candles with your hands before

01:04:41--> 01:04:44

Elijah Brooke kanaya blue

01:04:45--> 01:04:46

one yada yadi

01:04:52--> 01:04:59

Of course, people gotten some philosophical ideas about how Campbell deals whether he

01:05:00--> 01:05:02

It really needs to come before to ask for the foot cameras.

01:05:05--> 01:05:10

But the point is that the second part of that he described he said while yada yadi.

01:05:15--> 01:05:16

So this is the more accurate

01:05:18--> 01:05:19

it is the more accurate.

01:05:22--> 01:05:32

Okay? If you go to our different people as that you may find the different arguments based on the different schools. But if you just come back to the hobbies and analyze and see which

01:05:34--> 01:05:40

one book you can see it in it, for example, the book of Milan collected by one of the big scholars

01:05:41--> 01:05:41

magazine.

01:05:44--> 01:05:48

He is the one who does his most famous commentary of

01:05:49--> 01:05:53

his commentaries like 89 books

01:05:55--> 01:05:56

18 volume,

01:05:58--> 01:05:59

explanation.

01:06:04--> 01:06:09

And he brings these two heads and points of one going down in his first week was the one coming.

01:06:12--> 01:06:19

Even though in his school, he learned according to Tomic law school, they prefer to put their needs before their hands, but he went against

01:06:21--> 01:06:23

because he was not concerned with what he was.

01:06:28--> 01:06:29

So that's the more accurate

01:06:37--> 01:06:38

because the Hadees actually comes in.

01:06:40--> 01:06:41

No,

01:06:45--> 01:06:51

as I said, 75% everything is described, and

01:06:52--> 01:06:53

they don't mention

01:06:54--> 01:06:57

it, because what happens is the companion when he's explaining,

01:06:58--> 01:07:08

you guys explain something about raising the hand so naturally, he's talking about raising their hands, he doesn't talk about where the knees and which one of those have been founded, they decided

01:07:09--> 01:07:15

they didn't describe every single ad they want to play from the head on the test itself is not in place

01:07:26--> 01:07:28

translated into English, the only other one besides

01:07:33--> 01:07:33

that would

01:07:43--> 01:07:46

have been magic, imagine those are the most famous ones they make

01:07:47--> 01:07:48

come to the nail

01:07:50--> 01:07:50

salon.

01:08:00--> 01:08:02

I begin by saving

01:08:18--> 01:08:18

the day of judgment.

01:08:21--> 01:08:23

last session, we dealt with

01:08:25--> 01:08:27

we looked at different aspects of the

01:08:33--> 01:08:33

representative

01:08:35--> 01:08:36

approval process,

01:08:38--> 01:08:40

which were passed on by a companion

01:08:42--> 01:08:43

to the generation after them,

01:08:45--> 01:08:48

them to those after collecting books.

01:08:51--> 01:08:52

And you mentioned

01:08:53--> 01:09:02

books. And after that, we went and looked at we looked at the reasons why it became necessary to pass these

01:09:04--> 01:09:04

tests.

01:09:06--> 01:09:09

And then we looked at the IDS itself.

01:09:11--> 01:09:13

And try to have an understanding

01:09:14--> 01:09:15

and analysis of the

01:09:17--> 01:09:21

IP. No, it's broken into two parts. And one part

01:09:25--> 01:09:26

the other part

01:09:27--> 01:09:31

the other one I couldn't remember at the time. In other words, they use also called methods.

01:09:33--> 01:09:34

But the methods are more commonly

01:09:41--> 01:09:42

divided into two basic parts.

01:09:43--> 01:09:54

The chain of narrators and then the method or the the end what is being transmitted by the narrator. And the headings are divided into two basic groups, those

01:09:55--> 01:09:59

and those who provide meaning authentic and binary

01:10:00--> 01:10:00

Meaning.

01:10:05--> 01:10:19

There's a secondary category, which is also called happens. And this is sort of a finer distinction. But it's also included in this general category of what it means to have these. And when we say the ones that means when you have authentic

01:10:20--> 01:10:25

is that Islamic law, because he says is the second when we looked at the the four basic

01:10:26--> 01:10:31

foundations with Islamic law, we said they were they were fun. So now

01:10:34--> 01:10:34

we said that

01:10:36--> 01:10:39

was conveyed by having.

01:10:41--> 01:10:54

Right? When we talk about the cinema being a source of Islamic law, what are we talking about are happy, because the signal was conveyed to him that is what has been encompassed in the Happy Happiness contained more than just

01:10:56--> 01:11:03

because they may also refer to incidents that happen in this time, we're but we're not necessarily involving himself.

01:11:04--> 01:11:08

Right. So the head is actually wider than the term.

01:11:09--> 01:11:28

But the sooner is contained in hobbies. Now, when we're going to talk about building Islamic law or establishing appointment, it's not a lot to say, well, we should do this, or we should not do that. But this is the way that we should go about building the basis on which we determine that after the Quran will be dependent on the practice of

01:11:29--> 01:11:36

law, now that practice, we have to be sure that the practice, you have to be sure that that practice was authentic.

01:11:38--> 01:11:44

Because a valid point of Islamic law can only be based on an authentic ID.

01:11:46--> 01:11:50

A weak ID cannot be used to establish any points of

01:11:52--> 01:11:53

weak naming and unauthentic.

01:11:55--> 01:12:05

division that we have, we have to know because we may have some practices developed in different places, which are based on authentic hobbies.

01:12:06--> 01:12:24

And these types of ideas, obviously, we're going to create some confusion, you know, amongst the oma because we're Firstly, having gone to a practice and unauthentic more than likely it will contradict something which is not authentic. And so you may have people wanting to do contradicting things.

01:12:26--> 01:12:34

And the only way that we can resolve it as a loss phenomenon, as a lot of centers upon that, you know, if you had

01:12:36--> 01:12:39

if you had any dispute amongst yourself,

01:12:42--> 01:12:44

you should take it back.

01:12:45--> 01:13:00

You should take it back to a law and there's a pocket, what does that mean? Right taking it means we take it back to the forehand, we have a dispute amongst ourselves that this is an opinion, we take it back to the meeting, we go to look into privacy, is there a solution for this problem here,

01:13:01--> 01:13:10

always take it back to the process, which is taking it back to the center. And the only way that the student that can now become a decisive

01:13:12--> 01:13:20

principal, to end arguments and establish the correct way is if we we agree that we depend on the authentic food,

01:13:22--> 01:13:34

which is based on obviously authentic, and we looked at the conditions, the basic conditions was determined omega had been authentic. And obviously the lack of these conditions would be that would make

01:13:35--> 01:13:36

all authentic

01:13:37--> 01:13:38

news to the team and

01:13:41--> 01:13:52

the second one we'll call that is honesty, trustworthiness of the people involved. And the third was not accuracy. And we said the doctor came in the form of

01:13:53--> 01:13:56

memorizing, that the person was very good at memorizing

01:13:58--> 01:14:00

all the departments used to write down whatever.

01:14:03--> 01:14:08

That's the basic This is a quick summary of what we did that no one

01:14:12--> 01:14:14

was contained in. Now.

01:14:16--> 01:14:19

Before we can use that as a point of loss, there's another thing

01:14:27--> 01:14:28

with both a man

01:14:29--> 01:14:30

human beings

01:14:32--> 01:14:33

in the time

01:14:35--> 01:14:37

of the seventh eighth century,

01:14:39--> 01:14:41

as well as being

01:14:44--> 01:14:47

there may be attended may find some writing.

01:14:48--> 01:14:49

Some

01:14:51--> 01:14:55

communities cultures, elevate the profit

01:14:56--> 01:14:57

to a point

01:15:00--> 01:15:00

Almost

01:15:02--> 01:15:04

because Jesus

01:15:05--> 01:15:07

is considered God.

01:15:10--> 01:15:12

And the other communities around us

01:15:13--> 01:15:22

around Muslims or wherever it was, we find other individuals will be elevated to the point where they are either gods or demigods.

01:15:25--> 01:15:26

So

01:15:27--> 01:15:28

some of them,

01:15:30--> 01:15:33

try to make the Prophet Muhammad

01:15:35--> 01:15:37

become equal

01:15:38--> 01:15:41

to the gods of these other cultures,

01:15:43--> 01:15:44

they elevated him

01:15:45--> 01:15:46

to a point

01:15:47--> 01:15:48

of almost.

01:15:52--> 01:15:54

There's a book a very popular book,

01:15:57--> 01:16:00

I came across Canada, it's called the shadow net.

01:16:04--> 01:16:08

And I brought it for reference. You know, when I'm writing when I'm trying to clarify this point,

01:16:12--> 01:16:12

called the shadow that

01:16:13--> 01:16:15

in this book, this person wrote a whole book

01:16:18--> 01:16:20

explaining how the Prophet had no shadow,

01:16:26--> 01:16:34

elevated him now to the point where it's no longer human walking on the earth. We all when we walk into Sunday, we have a shadow, but not here was someone walking yet. And

01:16:40--> 01:16:43

when you look in the mirror, there was no reflection.

01:16:44--> 01:16:45

He was a spiritual being.

01:16:46--> 01:16:53

Although the people saw him as a physical being, according to this author, he was a spiritual being.

01:16:56--> 01:17:00

And he goes on in the book to talk about how, you know how, you know, the

01:17:01--> 01:17:07

principle is called and nor uncommon. And then if you've heard about the Mohammed in light,

01:17:08--> 01:17:10

you may hear about it, you may have come across

01:17:11--> 01:17:18

the music a lot in their concept, because they've elevated the amount, you talked about that.

01:17:20--> 01:17:44

Your attitude, the amount of elevated fashion, and for the amounts to be elevated to the point where according to the CIA, the amount of know the future, they know when they're going to die, and all this kind of knowledge that the atoms of the universe have submitted to them. In this type of attitude over here. Obviously, they feel that way about the amount. When you go to look at the way they feel about the Prophet Muhammad wa sallam, it has to be that way and mortal.

01:17:45--> 01:17:48

Right, because the amount of the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad,

01:17:50--> 01:17:55

right. So they believe, you know, as this man also put in the book, also the man who wrote the book,

01:17:57--> 01:17:57

this idea

01:17:59--> 01:18:00

that, you know,

01:18:01--> 01:18:02

a piece of law of light,

01:18:05--> 01:18:06

which was the eternal

01:18:09--> 01:18:10

peace of a law of light,

01:18:12--> 01:18:15

when he created Adam, it was with Adam.

01:18:16--> 01:18:21

And it was handed down generation and generation and generation until it manifested itself in

01:18:24--> 01:18:24

what they called

01:18:26--> 01:18:40

this might know as divine, because it's a piece of a law of light. Why is divine right? When they're projecting the projecting that Mohammed Salaam was, in essence, a divine and eternal being?

01:18:41--> 01:18:43

This totally against

01:18:46--> 01:18:49

Islam, a lot is the only title being having no beginning.

01:18:51--> 01:18:53

This attributes can in no way

01:18:54--> 01:18:56

this attributes can in no way be given to profit.

01:18:58--> 01:18:58

To do so.

01:19:01--> 01:19:01

To do so,

01:19:03--> 01:19:05

cancel, cancel the basic term.

01:19:09--> 01:19:11

Back to our concept, we set on the center

01:19:17--> 01:19:19

could be divided based on the fact that

01:19:21--> 01:19:22

a man

01:19:23--> 01:19:25

could be divided into two basic categories.

01:19:42--> 01:19:43

The other category is called

01:19:45--> 01:19:45

tragedy.

01:19:59--> 01:19:59

What is

01:20:00--> 01:20:00

mean by that

01:20:02--> 01:20:02

means that

01:20:05--> 01:20:15

when we look in our body of hobbies, we're looking at the film that because we said fitna was the, the thing after the approval of the class, when we look at it

01:20:16--> 01:20:17

together,

01:20:20--> 01:20:25

we see somebody of the hobbies involves certain actions,

01:20:27--> 01:20:35

which were obviously not intent or not intended to be guided for the oma until Yokoyama.

01:20:37--> 01:20:42

There were some actions which was his own personal actions, which had nothing to do with Islam.

01:20:45--> 01:20:47

This is blasphemy

01:20:52--> 01:20:56

heresy, to say that the public did something which was not,

01:20:57--> 01:20:58

you know, required

01:21:01--> 01:21:09

items. This is like, some people have a book that is an academy because written by one of the scholars.

01:21:12--> 01:21:19

He compiled all of the various practices and descriptions of the things that have to do with

01:21:20--> 01:21:22

Git to clean up if you get a picture.

01:21:24--> 01:21:34

You know, they describe how long His hair was no beard, what type of clothes used to wear, how to walk, used to wear different things that

01:21:36--> 01:21:39

were on a personal habit called Shama.

01:21:41--> 01:21:42

Now, this book has been translated in English

01:21:44--> 01:21:45

and have a copy of it.