Lives Of The 4 Imams Imam Ash Shaafi Part 1

Bilal Assad

Channel: Bilal Assad

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Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah He wasapi Manuela brothers and sisters in Islam as salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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Well, now we reach

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the biography of a third giant from among the many giants

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but especially among the 40 minutes, today we begin the Sierra the biography of the great Imam Shafi.

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His real name is Mohammed or his full name, may I say is Mohammed Idris, a Sheffield.

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He was born in 150, hijiri

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nidri, date 150. So 150 years approximately or more after the proximate It was

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his job. And he died in 204 haich D. So he lived about 54 years of age. Now, I'm not sure last week if I said that. I'd lived that long gone. But the correct to correct that in case it was this email, Amanda sheffy, who lived the shortest years among all the 40 maps 54 years of age.

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in Malmo, Hanif was about 70 in Amharic lived the longest about 9086 to 90

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around there, and the man had about 70 years of age.

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And you'll see why in men of Sheffield. Obviously, the more we have the left life and death is an ends of a lost power dialer. But for every death, there is a reason and the cause, and you'll see the cause of Eman Sheffield's death later on in Sharla. He was born in the same year in which in Abu hanifa died in

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so he did not meet a memorable hanifa

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but he did meet every other Imam almost that we hear about including some of the teachers of Imam Abu hanifa

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Imam Jaffa Java solid, which is a very familiar name. And we're going to mention something about him today, because it is a name of controversy, but he was one of his teachers as well, along with the teachers of him and medic.

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However, his main teacher was Mr. Malik himself.

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He was born in Russia,

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which is current day also Gaza in Palestine.

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And he was known

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as an Imam and McKee, the Imam of Mecca, because his mother took him from Gaza when he was a child to Makkah. And basically, he spent most of his youth his childhood in Mecca. And he traveled a lot, a little bit different to the other Imams, he traveled extensively.

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And he finally died in Egypt. And so you will find that a lot of people today know him as an Imam, and masuri, the Imam the Egyptian, even though he only spent the last five years of his life in Egypt, so some con men and McKee, but generally they say remember masuri, the Egyptian email.

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These are just names and titles.

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If there was any title that I would give to a member of Shafi, it would be my choice of the encyclopedic encyclopedias in the encyclopedia you'll find information about almost anything

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and explains almost everything in anything. Medicine, maths, astronomy, religion, culture, everything. A man of Sheffield, he was something he was an encyclopedia. And he is knowledge different to the other imams was almost in every area in every subject that you can know about. And you're going to know later on and share a lot that not only was he in football and Arabic and linguistics I'm going to talk about that inshallah. But also in medicine. It was almost a full medical doctor. He only had to pursue it a little bit more. But he was very well learned in the area of medicine, renowned for that.

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He was raised in Mecca as a child till the age of 13 years old approximately. Last week I already spoke about this 13 year old boy you remember. Last week I introduced the meme of Shafi talking about a 13 year old boy whose mother sent him from Mecca to learn and a man medic today we'll just briefly go through when I get to inshallah, so that we can move on with the story as

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If you live in his time,

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his ancestral background it's very important for us to know.

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And just to recap Imam Abu hanifa he was from Kufa in Iraq born and died in Kufa

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and I said that the title I gave him was the loving and intellectually sharp and I gave him a Malik the man of aura. You look at him, you have to respect him. And mmm Sheffield encyclopedia.

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Amen. A chef theory was what we say he was a Hashimi and a Hashimi means that he was from the bloodline of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he was a Hashimi in a very rare circumstance, from both his parents, mother and father, from the bloodline of the prophet SAW the light of service. So we shares the same tree family tree as the province of the Law Center. And that's very rare. That only existed in two other people which I know of halifa, amin, Khalifa, I mean, and you know, the lavon

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the prophets are set up because arguably a lot one, these are the only two that I know of in history and plus in them sheffy, who come from the Hashimi bloodline, from both parents, mother and father.

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He's had his fourth grandfather and his third grandfather, were both companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. As for his fourth grandfather, his name was a sir if not obeyed, just a little bit brief about him. He was a captive in the Battle of butter. He was among the idolaters, who fought against the Muslims in the Battle of leather, and he was a captive. And after that he became one of the slaves, you know that in those days, this was universal. slavery, not like today, and he became the slave of one of the poor families among the Muslims happened to be among them. He grew up to love them actually, we didn't grow up. But I mean, he spent a few months with him and he

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loved it. Because the way Muslims treated slaves in those days was very different to everyone else in the world.

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They treated him well. They looked after him and he actually felt sorry for him. He's a great grandpa, his fourth grandfather came from a noble and rich family.

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Islam entered his heart, but he didn't pronounce Islam. His fourth grandfather, until a ransom was paid to the to his masters. There was a Rasta mask when he paid for his release. And when he was asked, why did you become a Muslim before the ransom was paid? He truly and honestly said, the Muslim family I was with I love them a lot. And they treated me well. And they were a poor family. And I didn't want to announce my Islam until they receive their ransom in case I forgot. I feel that they may not receive it because they needed it. So then he became a Muslim. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam loved him a lot. And he called him a special name. He called him my

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brother. As he said, he called the said the fourth grandfather's his brother, his third grandfather in Mammoth chef, his third grandfather, his name was a chef. That's what he's known as a chef, and hence, the name of chef.

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Chef are named after his third grandfather, Sheffield, Sheffield.

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That's how you you say in Arabic,

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you add a year to the end to say that you belong to that.

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And his third grandfather accepted Islam as a boy in front of the prophets, Allah Maha to send them himself.

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And he was a poet. He has shimmy as I said, from correlation, same tree as the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Amen. A Sherpa. His father was a merchant, a trader

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who traded in goods, and he died in Gaza.

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And then his father, he died in huzar. But first his mother took him to Mecca, where he became learned and he went back to the US and died there. The reason I'm mentioning it, you're gonna know soon why I'm saying these details. As a chef, his mother, she was built up the law of Manhattan, Elmo thin apron, and Hudson Valley or their loved one.

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She was the daughter of Abdullah, the daughter of Al Hassan and mithuna, who was the son of the son of a husband with center within that was the son of a husband of the Allahu anhu, the son of Ali or the alarm on.

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So his mother,

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you can say is the great great, great, great granddaughter

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of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.

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That's how close in lineage in a nutshell he was.

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And she was the descendant of Allah the law on her She was also

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a scholar of jurisprudence. So she was a scholar, so was his father but his mother, his mother even more

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similar to him and Malik

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his mother

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was the inspiration as well for mmm chefin?

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And why am I explaining this background because later on, it'll give you a little understanding of the membership, his political view, coming from the lineage of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and the problems around him, and what people said about him accused him of because he belonged to his family. You know, this idea with someone belongs to the family of the province of our cellar, somehow we automatically turned them into some superior beings.

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Yes, being from the family of the SLM is something very noble, and very honorable. But there were many who are from the family of the prophet SAW Selim, in his time who are disbelievers, and they fought the prompts on the last session himself like his uncle.

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It doesn't mean that just because you're from his bloodline, it means that now we have to overpraise you. It means that you cannot accept charity from people. So that's one thing. But as a last minute die, this is 100 to

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no soul holds the burden of another soul. So whether you're from the bloodline of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam or not does not mean now that automatically you deserve gender more than other people.

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But yes, if you're from his bloodline, you do carry something quite noble and honorable. But what matters in Islam is not the blood, but rather the taqwa, the piety.

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But we do respect and debate the family of the Prophet sallallaahu. It was sort of the immediate family, the process and we're gonna get back to that in a minute, but the believers among them So remember, sheffy being from the family, and also men of taqwa and knowledge, requires all this coupled together requires enormous respect and honor for this man in memory sharing.

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His birth story, as we said last week, I want to add something to it. His birth story was similar to the birth story of Abdullah metallic, who's the metallic,

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the grandfather of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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and

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talibs father Hashem, he was a merchant.

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And he died in Gaza as well.

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Sorry, the son of the metallic Hashem. He was a merchant as well. And he died in the desert like the grandfather of like the father of Imam Shafi and his mother took him to Medina.

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And from Medina, his uncle azimuthally took him took Hashem to Mecca. I don't know how much you know about this story by with the proximal Life Center. And the people thought that Hashem was the son was the servant.

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I'm sorry, Hashem. His mother took him to Medina. And Hashem had a son named shava shava, whose mother took him by his uncle to Mecca, and his uncle's name was a metallic people thought he was a slave. So then they called Shiva up the metallic. That's the grandfather of the prophets. Allah sounds how he got his name, Abdullah Natale.

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And so this is similar to a chef and he took him from

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his grandfather and his father Brandon. And then a man a chef, he went to Mecca mom took him there similar to that.

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As far as kid life is teenager life, and membership, he loved sports, sports in any sports fanatic season membership, he was a sports person. He had a beautiful voice in the corner and just like in a medic, and demandable hanifa they all have beautiful voices. The membership is such a beautiful lesson around the people of Mecca. When they used to hear him recite, everybody would stop what they're doing and guns Listen, or they LISTEN to His voice from a distance because it was beautiful. And we're going to come to that in a minute inshallah.

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He loved archery, that's a favorite sport. He was 10 out of 10 in archery, excellent horse rider. And he would jump on his horse without needing to touch anything, maybe just the ears or the head. It was a very it was also healthy.

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And he lived in the desert is very important for 17 years of his life. He spent about five years as a child, his mother, when he was a child, his mother sent him to the desert

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for five years of his childhood, until he was 13, or 12, in the desert, and then he spent another 12 years in the desert later on. Why there was a tribe in the desert by the name of baniel. Jose. When you hear this name Bender, Jose, all the Arab world, especially in those times knew that better Jose was where the original Arabic the Arabic is to be taken from there. They were the spring the fountain of all the Arabic of the world by Jose. They were the linguists of Arabic, which gives you an idea that Imam Malik was an exceptional extraordinary Lin extraordinary linguist.

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In Arabic linguistics, he knew the origins of the words and he was in itself a reference. Do you know what that means? A reference in Arabic? It means I'll just explain to those who don't. It means that if someone said an Arabic word, and everybody in the city disagreed on this, is this an Arabic word? Or is it not? They look at the books, right? And it's still in controversy. Then finally, they would say, Hey, listen, let's sort it out and cut our arguments, by checking with him and sheffy. If he says it's an Arabic word, then that's it. He was the reference and the story. Nobody argued in the whole of the world, the whole of the world about Amanda sheffy being the reference of Arabic.

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I'm going to explain that further. And shell a little while.

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The turning point, just like I explained that every man had a turning point where they went from one thing to another, a man in Sheffield, he also was not, you know, Ray straightaway into as Ireland from a childhood.

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Yes, his mother. She helped him to memorize the Quran. And he memorized it by the age of seven, the whole Quran.

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It is also said that he memorized a lot. But we mentioned that last week, the book of hadith of Mr. Malik, by the age of 10, or 13 years of age,

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like Abu hanifa,

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he was inspired by another scholar. So there were two inspirations, we said his mother, but first, he had an uncle who was a scholar.

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And in those days, they all learnt this thing called ferrata element sarasa. It's a science of looking at a person and from the features, you're able to see science, of particular qualities in the person. It wasn't stereotyping. It was basically it's a science. I don't know if you watched this film they put on from America. Don't lie to me. Ever heard of that episode that lightning talks about? shows a man is a detective, and he can look at you and tell if you're lying or telling the truth, what kind of background you have. It's actually a science that you learn about people. And they took this from the arrows. And they had this admin for us. So his uncle looked at it, his

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nephew, and at the age of about 10, or 11, he says to him, son, I see brilliance and intelligence in

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Amanda Shepard was an orphan at that time, his father died in us, as we said, so his uncle said to him, I see brilliance and intelligence in you. Again, I mentioned this again, when you look at a child or children or another child, it's very important what you say to them about their qualities. If you say to him, for example, I can see that you're going to memorize the Quran one day the child puts in their head. And as I said, I had a colleague of mine, I asked him how did you become Why did you go into the field of becoming an MRI machine, and he said, when I was a child that always called me shave, shave.

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It has an effect psychological effect on children. We are we don't have to become shapes. In the Quran. Allah tells us that there are knowledge of different types of people if Allah wanted to can make it all Alana, but we need in all areas inshallah, just monitor your children, see what interests they have someone This is Helen, be comfortable and help them in that area. inshallah. He second inspiration was his mother was his mother. She sent him as I said, to the visits for five years, like the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu, wasallam, his mother also sent him to the desert for five, four years for about five years or so. And he spent his childhood there more than that, to

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learn how to talk and communicate. Brothers and sisters, it is very important for a Muslim to learn how to communicate.

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Communication is an art and a skill that if you haven't done some form of communication, go and even study it if you can.

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Even me, I'd say just to make you feel better, I need a lot in the area of communication. It's a whole science and it's not just a matter of how to talk but also to communicate effectively. And the musala hustler when I lost my dad told him to go to Rome, tyrant leader, what masari sent him say, he said, Please send with me Haru who have salmonella, Santa. He has better eloquence in his tongue, he's able to communicate better than I can. He said that Messiah Sam had a list. And he wasn't confident so Allah sent his brother hadn't made him a prophet, because he was a better communicator. Speaker as the poet says, Listen will further and this one is from Google fell into industry lasorda

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to left me with Deming,

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a young man, what is he, other than a tongue, which makes half of him and his heart makes the other half everything else is nothing but the form or the features of meat and blood.

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You're nothing but meat and blood. What makes you is what comes out of your mouth and what's in your heart.

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is not right doesn't matter about your features, what you look like what comes out of your mouth, and what is in your heart. This is what really matters, the heart and the tongue make everything about you. And that's why you find our LMS when didn't have, you know, attractive features at all. But what take it came out of their tongue and from their heart, if you were to turn it into a feature, it will shine beyond the sun

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on the horizon,

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in beauty.

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As for Mr. Chef, his gift, he had a gift of memory. Now although Matt had this gift, remember Shafi he was the pinnacle of this, he stood out in memory.

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As I said, he memorized the Quran at seven. He was a poet at 10, a reference poet at 10. It's not easy to become an Arabic poet. Forget about Shakespeare and the likes when you learn Arabic poetry. Oof really goes deep.

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And as I said, He reminds them what a 10 or 13 years of age with all the chain of narrators and the saints, the companions and so on and so forth word by word letter by letter. He read the Quran every single day of his life, it is said that he meant he read the whole quote every day.

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And it's not an exaggeration, Allahu Allah may be the time in those days in that first 300 years after the prophet SAW Selim there was Baraka in the time, some scholars say.

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And there is a little story about to show you how much he memorized, Michelle had a photographic memory beyond imagination.

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So much so he is one of his teachers, was named waqia. And has this nice story about him. As a man of Sheffield, when he was with his teacher wikia,

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teaching him he used to go and write and explain how he wrote, he'd look at a page where he has written on

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and he needs to cover the other pages. And when I say pages, I don't mean paper he never wrote on paper, I'll explain to you in a minute what they did right on. So if you had a piece of bark, and another piece of bark, you'd have to cover the other piece of bark as his reading, because all he needed to do was read a whole page once. And he memorized every word. If he read a line from one page and a line from the other,

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then his memory was so good that he would mix the two lines. So you have to read page by page, if you read two lines from different pages, it mix them in his memory.

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And one time he says, as I said it was a great power at one time is reading from one page. And then suddenly,

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he looked up.

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And his eyesight double caught. A little bit of the lower leg of a woman walking by.

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It was revealed that she was walking, he saw the lower part of machines.

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His eyes stood there for a few seconds, then he looked away, obviously human being instead of stuff for law, I mean, doesn't get affected by it. But he looked at back at the page, and his memory ability decreased immediately.

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When I say decreased, I don't mean like as equipment memorize any word, but instead of reading at once, you have to read twice or three times. He says, I was stunned. First time this has happened to me. So I wrote a poem says for Shaco in our key and so I hopefully

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shed any electrical milesi will call in an old man or woman or DRC there are two different versions of this poll. He says I complained to my teacher lochia my lack of memorization.

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And my teacher guided me to abstain from sins. And he said to me, knowledge of DNA is from Allah. It is knowledge is nor its light from Allah. And the light of Allah can never be gifted to those who are consistent sinners. So if you find yourself lacking in memory, one of the reasons could be medical, or a lot of stress, or worries. And the other reason could be lots of sense.

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is wonderful, interesting story. As far as writing material. When we talk about the scholars writing, you don't don't think about pages of paper like this is very rare and very, it was very expensive in those days. So what did they write on a man a chef a fine struggled in writing a piece of material. He'd have things like palm tree leaves, animal skin, camel bones, rocks, anything they could get their hands on piece of material,

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anything they could get their hands on and ink and feather. This is how they wrote sometimes we would carve things just to remember them not like us today. And so panela how much useless information we write on is not the Quran paper on the internet.

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We was up all the trees

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so we struggled in that writing

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as far as features

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is a man of Sheffield he was Arab looking

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very healthy, who had a strong build tall, muscular, or masculine.

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He had a strong presence when he walked in, everybody stopped and listened and looked at him. He faced many trials in his life, especially with the government, he had an amazing character, indeed.

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And some, there is a scholars historical stars set say that he is the ninth greatest man of all time after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam after the companions.

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And he was, as I said, from among the three best generations after the proper sort of audio segment, the prosolo SLM said, hydrocone economy, the best of all generations of my generation. So melodien, I don't know, then the ones that follow them after that. So melodien Illumina, in the third generation are the ones who follow them after that. All of the 40 memes, except for a memorable hanifa was of the second generation as a tabula and the other three events, Malik Eman Malik, and as a member, Chef inhomogeneities, chef and a member of the no humble they were of the third generation.

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So they were among the ones in the prophesize and then praised and said they are the best of three generations ever.

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To the end of time

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is education and morals and etiquettes and character was

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exemplary. He was the example of all of that and as we said, brothers sisters, before as a mathematics mother said to him, learn off your teacher, the other the character before you learn the knowledge. Similarly, the mother of a chef, he said to him, when you go to him and Malik learn from him his character before you learn his knowledge, and as a child as a teenager, this is what he put into his head. So Amanda chef, it was almost a copycat of the other of the respect models of Eman, Medicare, and he didn't fit in one thing. Mr. Malik was a little bit more rigid in his personality. mm chef, he was a little bit more easygoing, just a tiny bit. So that's that's basically what it

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was. Other than that, he took his character on very well.

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Amanda Sheffield, he also was very humble. He accepted any advice from anybody. As soon as you gave him advice, if it had evidence in the lead, he listened to you until you finished. There is a story about one of his students. And this is an example of why we should not be blind followers, parents, our parents, students, we are not parents. The only one we take from is the fountain of Prophet Mohammed Salah Salem nopparat. Our scholars explain it for us further, but they are not prophets where we blind follow them. They make errors, but obviously, within our capacity, and there are other holy men who find errors in their work, and we can take from their knowledge and share a lot.

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There was a story about one time when he's in one of the lessons after he became a pilot.

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And a person came up to him one of his students and asked a man in my window, should I

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clean between my toes? Is this part of what he said? No, there is no need to do so. Just wash your feet. One of his students, I forgot his name now but maybe inshallah next week I can remember look him up. He said, I waited until all the people lift. And the students learn the other of the character of their teacher first. This is the character of Mr. Michel for himself. So one of his favorite student says I waited until they left and I came to my Imam and said to him, narrated by so and so. From so and so from that again the chain of narration that he saw the prophets of Allah the companion saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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wash between the toes, in his widow with his small finger, the pinky finger.

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mm chef we looked at and obviously he is a scholar of Hadith. He says how the Hadith and

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this is a good hygiene, it's chain of narration is good.

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At that level, the student says after that, whenever someone asked him about it, I heard him I'm a chef. I say to him, yes, clean between your teeth between your toes. So you can see here that his student taught his teacher something which Yes, it's possible if the man doesn't know. Well, what's the point here? He gave him Danny that went to the Prophet Solaris, and then he knew its grading and its level and he took it. And this was the moral of the motto of all the Imams or whomever behind Eva demand Malik Manischewitz, Mohammed, Mohammed oza, Eman, Jaffa, Rosada, mmm, laziness, massage, the man, all these imams that you hear of they were all in the same way that we're all similar. They

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were all had this, this similarity and they all respected each other and they all acted

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differences of opinions, but they rejected division. They all learn from each other. This is how they addressed each other. So Panama, the most important thing that all said is in our Sahaja Madhavi, if the Hadees is correct, and it goes against my view, then throw mine against the wall, it is my method. This is my school of thought, this is all we're trying to do here. This is our work. And we know that Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, that if the island makes a mistake, he gets one reward. But if he got the right opinion, then he gets double the reward. So it's still rewarding both ways. So even if you follow the IOM whom you trust, and you know is qualified and

00:30:35--> 00:31:13

other rlms have recommended him, then or her, then you can follow them, even if what you have is an error. But once it is clarified in some way or another, Allah, Allah guides you to clarity which in your mind and in your heart, you know, it's much more clear from other olema then you accept it, and you don't have to leave that other mother. There's nothing wrong with following the school of thought someone asked me this last time is nothing wrong with following one. It's okay, inshallah. They're all great. It's like taking an island today is your teacher and following him. It's okay. But blind following is the problem. This is what I said this came from the Middle Ages, with his

00:31:13--> 00:31:27

blind following happen. And the mathematics might have went to Spain and North Africa and this happened as well ways students of his students, they started to overpraise in mathematics to the point where will lie to the point where they said to them, or Rasul Allah send them said,

00:31:29--> 00:31:31

and then they would say, but Mr. Malik said,

00:31:32--> 00:31:42

Well, he This is this was how it was, and he magmatic is innocent from all of this. He went to the extremes. In mathematic, when he knew about this, he knew about this were happening in his time.

00:31:43--> 00:32:14

To the point where he was very careful that fasting the six of show were six days of show when he insisted on making it few days after Ramadan separating it not straightaway, not the second day, after eight, he wanted to separate it a lot. This was his view, why he was fearing that people will make a turn it into a bitter into an innovation where Ramadan becomes 2036 days. So he was very careful of innovations. And imagine a chef, he or you did something remarkable. He actually wrote a book

00:32:16--> 00:32:36

pointing out the errors of his teacher, his master in America after his death, and he magmatic if he was alive and saw that book, he would praise it. Because if you say he wouldn't, then you're saying something bad about him and maybe that he only followed his own opinion. But our vitamin, this is how he taught his students in mathematic and remember sheffy was his favorite.

00:32:37--> 00:32:54

You go back to last week's lecture and you will find the store I'm not going to repeat it now. How his mother wrote a letter to the prince of Morocco happened to be her cousin to intercede with the prince of Medina for her son to go and learn of Imam Malik and the story goes long if you want to go back to it a man and Malik cook him

00:32:56--> 00:33:23

and he looked at him and said fear of loss power dialer and avoid sins something great is going to become out of you. And Mr. Medicare diamond for us. As I said before the science of knowing appears looked at him he says you are a child of brilliance and intelligence something great is going to come out of you. And so he loved his teacher mm Malik loved and respected him the most his favorite student demand Shelby's favorite student on the other hand, was the my husband

00:33:25--> 00:33:35

and whenever mm chef a left from Mecca or Medina went, he used to say I have left behind me, my most brilliant student mm

00:33:37--> 00:33:42

hypno hammock, which we're going to talk about later on inshallah. So let's go through his teachers.

00:33:44--> 00:34:18

I've been hotjar Alaska, and he says that mm shafia he had 17 teachers in total in his life. They were like his real teachers. Others they said 26 teachers in his lifetime. However, his direct teachers and I mentioned a few number one on the top was a man medic. He was his teacher until he died in a medic died. So from the age of 13, he's a madman he was about 5050 something 60 something years of age until a medic died at the age of 86 or 90. His second teacher was Sophia and

00:34:20--> 00:34:29

Sophia vino Nina was from Kufa and he went to Makkah and he was a student and the contemporary scholar with Imam Abu hanifa.

00:34:30--> 00:34:59

And he was the second teacher of Nm chefin this direct student of Imam Abu hanifa and his contemporaries friend who was almost at his caliber teacher of Amanda Sheffield. His third teacher worth mentioning is Mohammed Al Hassan, who was the direct student and the best student of Imam Abu hanifa. And Mohammed bin Adnan Hassan Shivani. He was he became the chief judge in Iraq.

00:35:00--> 00:35:26

That later on at the time halifa Harun al Rashid. So you can see here a collaboration between these great imams from other imams. And what kills me is that today this division where he's find the person you say, and they say, they're the Hanafi people. They're the Sheffield's, this never existed at that time. So the Hanafi show is actually did not exist. As I mentioned before it came time later on the Middle Ages, were around the cover, there were four images with four gem hours of different methods.

00:35:28--> 00:35:34

Actually, there were probably five that I think was Jose or another one jaffery, Allahu Allah.

00:35:36--> 00:36:01

As far as indirect teachers, I mentioned just a couple though our amendment ozai amendment oza, I had another habit as well. However, his method didn't last long. And it lasts for about two years. And he had a problem with his students, his students with disobedience that went very good students in Egypt, tells a lot about the Egyptians, maybe not stereotyping brothers, please don't make revolution against me now.

00:36:02--> 00:36:05

Egyptians these students happen to be one of those who were

00:36:06--> 00:36:08

happened to this panel are not very

00:36:09--> 00:36:17

polite students. And the man late had a hard time with them. However, what did last have the school of thought? The method of Mmm.

00:36:19--> 00:36:28

I'm sorry, I mixed around. Mm hmm. In late in life, but also, I'll come back to but Mmm.

00:36:30--> 00:37:16

Not that his students were not like that. It was mmm layth correct myself. But mmm oza. His method is discontinued. What lasted from till today from his method is the area about international law. In our Sharia we have of every area and of international law. It's called a CLE. Guess we preserved this area of an ozar is made up of international law. It was a member of Sheffield, in his book alone, which we're going to come to it in a few seconds in a few minutes. his fifth teacher indirect, and when I say indirect, it means that he didn't actually sit directly in his circles. But he learned of his direct students, his best students who became his indirect. It was also a meme and

00:37:16--> 00:37:57

life of Mossad. Mm hmm. Nathan Assad was the best friend of him and Malik, we mentioned that last week, and he lived in Egypt. It was him who I was meant to say that his students were gave him a hard time. And the man later had a bit of a method was developed but it didn't last his favorite student went to and Yemen and Yemen and that's where Emma sheffy spent most of his time he started his working in Yemen and learned of this when he lived off the student, a member chef a grow a great interest in mm and length of salad. He loved him a lot and is very interested and he was actually influenced by his way after mm Malik mm layth disagreed with him and medic a lot. Because he

00:37:57--> 00:38:09

mathematic if you recall he used to have this principle that I rule one of his rulings was to rule by the people of Medina like how the Sahaba is in Medina used to practice an act and he basically shut his mouth up on that

00:38:10--> 00:38:14

great portion on that MMA is to say nobody talking about Yeah, amen. Malik.

00:38:16--> 00:38:24

Yes, they were great sahabas but we can't take them 200 years down the track and say, we got to practice according to their practices doesn't make sense time changes.

00:38:26--> 00:38:28

And remember, Shafi was affected by that.

00:38:30--> 00:38:43

He became a Mufti a Grand Mufti. We said a Mufti is someone who can directly derive rulings from the Quran and Sunnah straightaway on issues that have never happened before. At the age of 20 years, approximately.

00:38:45--> 00:38:53

One of his teachers qualified him to be a Mufti at the age of 15 years. in Sheffield, he was a genius, really.

00:38:55--> 00:38:56

As I said, encyclopedias is the name.

00:38:59--> 00:39:09

And they had this great adab character and brothers and sisters character cannot be learned from books. You can't bring a book and learn a different character. Unfortunately,

00:39:11--> 00:39:12

Guess how you can learn character?

00:39:14--> 00:39:26

through training, you have to be trained, just like swimming. Just like martial arts. Just like driving imagine you get a book about how to drive. And let's see, you know how to drive

00:39:27--> 00:39:28

with children.

00:39:29--> 00:39:37

I remember in grade four and five was the puff your chest up in front of our mates and say, I can drive a truck.

00:39:38--> 00:39:56

Yeah, you just do this you read about a little bit and you just describe and suddenly you know how to drive a truck or an aeroplane or swimming imagine it you read a book about swimming and you jump into the pool what's gonna happen to you imagine that your son reads all this stuff about swimming, it's okay now to push him into the pool. Let him drown you get you're not gonna be able to you have to be trained.

00:39:58--> 00:40:00

So add up and characters exactly like that.

00:40:02--> 00:40:26

He was a school of his own. in all areas. No student or a man commented a flaw about Amanda shafia his character and his way of thinking, except for later on, they commented about his method. But imagine medic. Mm, Chef, he was a great example of respect character, and no one ever commented a floor about that,

00:40:28--> 00:40:30

including him and medic, never commented.

00:40:33--> 00:40:36

He had the utmost respect towards all of his teachers and people.

00:40:37--> 00:40:45

He had an assertive nature. He pointed out errors in his teachers opinions with respect and friendliness, and mostly in his teacher, Imam Malik.

00:40:47--> 00:41:04

He really criticized a lot of the teachings and so he was on that at that position. And that goes to show us again about the scholars and when they differ the different branches of branches of the deans not something huge Don't worry, tiny, tiny things about you know, something like

00:41:05--> 00:41:44

when I put my hand do I grasp on to it or is it better to use two fingers or three fingers to put up on top and do I put it exactly on the chest just below the chin? Okay, these are the types of are just some views on how to look at things like mmm medic said I look at the people of Medina on new issues. Mm. Chef, he said, No, no, no, you have to look at the context of time. These types of things like when you're at court, or lawyers, they all know the law. When it comes to their opinions. They did give different verdicts on this person or that person or this situation. So yes, Islam is black and white, but how it's black and white. In principle, many can use it very clearly

00:41:44--> 00:41:46

to derive new rulings.

00:41:47--> 00:42:20

Imam Shafi wrote a book as I said it against some of the stuff of the man medics views after his death, yet he still called him his master. So whenever he commented on an error, he would say, My master said this. However, I respectfully say this based on this delete, because this Deen is not else. These were not only a matter of wealth and money, these are not only a matter of fame and fortune, or government scholars, all of them were inheritors of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and all of them support each other in this

00:42:22--> 00:42:25

as I said in my medic would have been happy to see this because he hated

00:42:31--> 00:42:50

him and I've met him no humble was the student of Amanda Sheffield. Remember chef he was a student of Imam Malik and Imam Malik was the student of the great students and contemporary scholars of Imam Abu hanifa. So as a member of sheffey and so that him as well reach some of them

00:42:59--> 00:43:42

mmm Sheffield, he says, everyone I debated with I saw at one instance or another a sign of discomfort because Masha Allah he was really good in his arguments. When I say argument, I'm not talking about type of arguments, we go through, you know, desires and just I want to be the best I want to know that these arguments were This is how they used to be. If I debated with someone all these amounts, if I debated with someone in my heart, I'm wishing that the other person is correct and I am wrong. But they had a commitment to honesty as well. So I'm debating with you, but I'm wishing in my heart My brother would be correct. I don't want to embarrass him. But I also have a

00:43:42--> 00:43:55

commitment to honesty. So we can't you know we have to bring a balance and that's how it is. this day and age we debate and argue with no commitment to honesty, hide behind the username and just cut and paste anything without even understand what you're putting.

00:43:57--> 00:44:14

say he said any person I debated I saw one instance or another assign of discomfort in them, except one man. I never saw it. He was a man Mohammed bin Hassan ashay. Bernie, who I said before was one of the best student of Abu hanifa. There was also a teacher of Imam Shafi

00:44:19--> 00:44:22

brothers and sisters there's something really interesting to note.

00:44:25--> 00:44:27

Mm hmm no humble,

00:44:28--> 00:44:42

considered mm Shafi as what we call mujaddid. He said mmm Shafi magette did admit to Sania. He is the reformer

00:44:43--> 00:45:00

of the second 100 years is a Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim, what you saw here. He said every 100 is every century Allah data brings about someone to reform this Deen to take the people back to the original teachings of the prophets, Allah

00:45:00--> 00:45:18

lollywood Some people go lost a lot of sense. So instead of sending a property sends a Highland that brings these people back, and the scholars agree that the first one first moja did after the prophet SAW Selim is first century was none other than the hanifa Omar Abdulaziz. For the Allah one we say the fifth and even the second majestic.

00:45:20--> 00:45:24

In the view of many scholars, including Mohammed, it was a mammoth chef in

00:45:25--> 00:45:26

the reform.

00:45:27--> 00:46:07

A member chef, as I said, was a linguist in Arabic. He had tremendous abilities, as I said, Encyclopedia in Arabic language and grammar, a reference at 1717 years with Ben and Hussein never made a mistake in language, grammar, or in even in poetry. And there are many testimonies by renowned poets. And interestingly enough, I don't know if you've heard of one of his famous students, by the name of a smile. Anyone heard of him? A man with a smile. He was a scholar of football, but also very, an extraordinary poet. He was one of the, I think, 14 or 15, extraordinary, extraordinary historical poets. Have you heard of the poem? sample Sofitel boo boo De

00:46:08--> 00:46:10

Soto saphira bully bully.

00:46:11--> 00:46:25

And he uses Arabic in their words that you need an dictionary for every single one of these words, every single one of these letters. He has a column with family and marijuana Roman. And then he goes on and says,

00:46:28--> 00:46:30

it says things like,

00:46:31--> 00:46:35

top top, top, top, top, top, top, top top. These types of words are used in a

00:46:38--> 00:46:41

shower shower, who share his show Allah what oxy for jelly.

00:46:43--> 00:47:01

So these are types of words used to use the word even for the Arabs very, very difficult unless you came from the deserts to understand every single word and some of them started to think are these even words of Arabic they happen to be and every word had a different meaning. This was the student of Imam Shafi, who learned Arabic and poetry from him in Sheffield.

00:47:02--> 00:47:39

And he spent time with a membership fee and you read under him the most difficult poetry which is called a known as a Shankara. a sham photo very difficult of among the greatest poetry. And he studied this a Shankara from mmm Sheffield. So you can imagine how much in Arabic what what's the benefit of this the Quran in Tafseer say Miss Sheffield's also offices in Tafseer. Renowned interested to learn the Arabic language as Allah says in the Quran, in the nanopore and Otto de la la Tato. We have surely sent the score and down in the Arabic language so that you may comprehend and understand.

00:47:41--> 00:47:48

A famous island of Basra said a chef his language is authentic and you can measure language to him.

00:47:50--> 00:48:08

Allah does mention some things about poetry poets in the Quran, Allah, Allah says was Sha w monivong lm Torah and equally where the honeymoon or anatomia Kowloon MLA, Ellen Levine, manhwa, middle Salida de la Kathy,

00:48:10--> 00:48:49

the rest of the I lost my data says, As for the poet's the earning ones, follow them. So you're not that they speak about every subject praising people right or wrong in their poetry, and that they say what they do not do. Now this is not a nice for poets. But how can you remember chef, he was a poet. It doesn't matter. Allah says in the Latina, except for those who believe in the oneness of Allah and the righteous deeds and remember a lot much they're okay to be poets because they say the best of poetry and also saw Selim had a poet, by the name of software, by the name of Allah has sent a pathetic and the rest so poetry was like the media in those days. Amen. a share for you was one of

00:48:49--> 00:48:49

those.

00:48:51--> 00:48:58

He has a poem about friendship and money. It says right to NASA cut metal eliminate the human

00:49:00--> 00:49:03

woman a laser in the hole, man 100. So cut metal.

00:49:05--> 00:49:06

I saw that

00:49:07--> 00:49:22

people leaned towards those who have money, and those who do not have money from away from him. People have leaned, it makes more sense in Arabic, but he's saying that don't approach people. people, people love people who are wealthy and so on.

00:49:24--> 00:49:28

Now, Amanda sheffy was the first to document his own mother

00:49:29--> 00:50:00

with his own head. The other imams the students document that he was the first to document it personally summarized it in a book called an ohm. And the book contains opinions of Abu hanifa, his mother, and others. It contains ideas of amendment ozai international law, and so on in Islam, but his greatest legacy was a smaller book by the name of a reseller. This is very renowned. The book reseller is a simplified has simplified principles which all the metal hubs agree on. They are the principles of football, which makes it

00:50:00--> 00:50:28

mammas sheffey the first one to introduce this new approach called the football, the principles of football or solid football. Have you heard of that? or solid football? The fundamentals of football? It's a very it's a great science which they teach in universities now, Sharia mmm Abu hanifa was renowned to be to start the sort of Sharia and a different type of fundamental principles, and Imam Malik was the first to begin the principles of Hadith.

00:50:30--> 00:50:32

And the Imam Shafi the principles of football.

00:50:34--> 00:50:40

It tells you how to think about the Quran and Hadeeth how to deduce rulings and laws tells you how to go about all of that.

00:50:44--> 00:50:53

He also learned something called the science of Ansel the science seven SAP is people's lineage and ancestry trees and branches, you need a computer to calculate it.

00:50:55--> 00:50:59

And this is something interesting for our sisters, and also our men, our brothers.

00:51:01--> 00:51:11

There was a man by the name of abdon metacognition is very well known this scholar, very well known about lineages and where people came from.

00:51:12--> 00:51:20

And the you need this to know the narrators of Hadith to know where they came from and their background and everything to know where the Hadith is authentic or not.

00:51:23--> 00:51:26

So this man, this great scholar in his Sham,

00:51:27--> 00:51:40

he came to remember Sheffield, and he said to him one day, let's talk about a region, the men of Hades and their lineages and their character. mm chef, I looked at him and said,

00:51:41--> 00:51:46

No, no, no, no. That's something common everybody knows about men of Hades.

00:51:47--> 00:51:52

Let's sit down and talk about instead of Dynamo rejet. Let's talk about human reset.

00:51:53--> 00:52:17

Let's talk about the knowledge and lineage of the women of the narrator's of Hades. See people miss they forget about that, that many of our heads came from the races were women who were great scholars of our time. And remember, Chef era knew the lineage and character and background the names and everything, about more than 1000 women of narrators of Hadith and scholars,

00:52:19--> 00:53:00

their lineage, their character, their biography, etc, etc. and Ebony Shan was taken aback, he said Helman Nisa, the lineage and knowledge of the narrator's of Hadith among the women. He said, that's something I haven't really discussed with anyone yet. And so it encouraged them to learn more about it when they said there's a poem from a mammoth chef who says danka as Babel originally, while has been as bad when we say, Let's not talk about the unsaid the unsavory jar, the Lizard Man is talking about lineage of women of narrators of Hades. And this is the beauty and the miracle that the Prophet Mohammed Salah lies to them left for us that there are scholars among the men and the women.

00:53:00--> 00:53:01

And I don't believe

00:53:02--> 00:53:26

that there is a civilization or religion, other than Islam, that held this very to the detail about women. There were scholars of Islam and the writers of Hadith to detail like what Islam history of Islam held them to be an honor them and put them right up there. So when we say shame, we always say shame. Mm, think of men, but we forget to think of women.

00:53:28--> 00:53:29

How much time do I have left?

00:53:31--> 00:53:33

Is it Can anyone tell jealous?

00:53:38--> 00:53:39

Just We'll see.

00:53:41--> 00:53:49

But we'll keep going just for a little bit. There's an area which I need a bit of time to go into. And it's about the trials and tribulations that Mr. Sheffield he went through.

00:53:50--> 00:53:53

I'll begin it inshallah, we'll see what we can get up to

00:53:55--> 00:53:56

every Amen.

00:53:57--> 00:54:07

Among the four immense and others, as I said last week, had to face a clash with the government, or a clash with the people.

00:54:08--> 00:54:32

Because all of them were courageous. And as I said, they weren't government scholars, they went to scholars of desire scholars of wealth. There were scholars who knew that they were inheriting the legacy of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam with sincerity, there are many people of learning information, but not many who are real scholars or lemma as Allah says, in an auction law.

00:54:35--> 00:54:51

Verily, the ones who really and truly fear a lot of the scholars, so the scholars without fear of Allah without consciousness, without sincerity, are not scholars at all. And as we said, there are people who are criminals and very knowledgeable in hacking and so on. They're knowledgeable, they're scholars in that area, but they are not all ever, and so on and so forth.

00:54:52--> 00:54:59

In the time of him, Mr. Chef fury, something began to develop called a Hillary an ad

00:55:00--> 00:55:38

hotties, has anyone heard something like this before? I'm gonna get a bit technical but you need to know this and you'll come across it later on and shuttle loads again to the D. Laura a and lol Hadeeth the people have opinions, and the people have had eath now by looking at it, you'd think people have opinion? What's that? chuck them aside? We want the people of Hades. But no, no, that's not what it means. Not people have opinion like, what West teaches and philosophy meaning my opinion and when we talk about people of writing, it meant that these were people who deduced new views about current situations based on Delete based on the Quran and Sunnah. In all its ways people have

00:55:38--> 00:56:03

had equal or more literal lists that are more literal. Okay. So for example, the only if you say Rasul Salah, seldom use the miswak that come up to you and say, You should never ever use toothpaste and toothbrush, always the miswak regardless and die on that all the props are solid eight on the floor, we should always eat on the floor like to eat on the table, okay? literalist in that sense.

00:56:04--> 00:56:17

And they don't, who had these were had a bit of a problem with they could not, or they didn't differentiate. They did but not to a great degree between what was Sunni, Shia and Sunni,

00:56:20--> 00:56:58

Sunni or Shia and Sunni, or Shia. As soon as the prophet SAW Selim, which are part of the Sharia, came from Allah, and as soon as of the prophet SAW Selim, which was personal likings and also saw a person like him how he combed his hair. He liked pumpkin soup. He didn't like lizard meat, but holiday Meanwhile, it isn't made in front of the prophets Allah does and the Prophet just looked at it with a bit of undesired but how am I kept eating? And we can say the husband Well, he didn't follow the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim. But he understood the difference between what sooner that's not part of Sharia law Center's personal likings. And what is not.

00:56:59--> 00:57:31

As for Allah, He the opinions they base that on Delhi, there'll be more open minded in the sense that they looked at views a little bit more, with a bit more flexibility but always based on daelin and I were both grade scholars. Now what happened was these people have opinions they based on an analogy, comparison deduction, and they lived in Iraq, mostly a little Hadith. Their priority was to find the text and follow the text literally. And they were missing the people of Hey, Jess, hey, Jasmine in Medina, mocha those areas, even till today, this is basically almost how it is.

00:57:32--> 00:57:39

Both of them did not violate text, but one was more strict and literal than the other.

00:57:41--> 00:57:43

What was the position of Amanda chefin.

00:57:44--> 00:57:50

He was sort of half half somewhere in between a bit of a balanced approach, not too much this way, not too much that way.

00:57:51--> 00:58:23

But he also never violated Hadith either. His statement was all of us are men. All of us men have opinions can be disproved, except for the owner of this group when he was doing his hedge, liquid grave, the province on the last element, he said, all of our, all of our opinions and views can be rejected and disproven, except for the owner of describing the point of the grave of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So then again, I'll remind everybody be aware of something called a boss. So when Madhavi district

00:58:24--> 00:58:33

blind following zealous extremist extremism in the way you follow the schools of thought, where if I see that you are

00:58:34--> 00:58:55

a humbling, as we say, hanbali, follow the mother of 100. And you don't consider that breaking a widow is a little bit of blood. And I see that blood came out of you a little bit, and you pray, and now I'm a hanafy, you know, follow the mother and remember hanifa and I will refuse to pray behind you because in my opinion, your prayer is not accepted. This layer Jews, this is not

00:58:56--> 00:59:34

this is not allowed in the Sharia. And since the scholars lived off each other, I'm sure that they prayed behind each other, for none of them ever. This credited each other in any way. But they all said respect one another. And this is the view and my view based on this data. net dedied. I don't want to go too much. Maybe inshallah we'll finish it with this actually. I'll just give you a little example. Before going into the trials and tribulations of mem chef, he will finish with this I'll give you an example of many examples for you to walk away with when it comes to scholars of great caliber, and great daddy and all of them have their delete all of them have their evidence and

00:59:34--> 00:59:59

proof. And we are at this caliber. What do you do with what Allah has given you have knowledge and ability to understand and know when I met you follow as much as you can. Follow the dedied investigate don't just refuse something without investigating or accept something that investigating or actually maybe better to not practice something until you've investigated it. It's better to follow what you are certain about. These are all branches of the branches of the Sharia.

01:00:00--> 01:00:36

These are things which are very minute insignificant, which we shouldn't really argue about at all. Move your finger don't move your finger I want to stand in in your presence. If you do that, you put your hand on your belly, the other one puts it on his chest. These are phonetics they're not gonna give each other names. This is division. I'll finish with this that when all the debt is there, you've tried your best and the fear of loss Panama Island everything is available is there for you until Allah gives you more knowledge until Allah and the man that you follow the shape that you take your advice from is you know, is trustworthy and you can see in their character trustworthiness is

01:00:36--> 01:01:16

the most important thing. You don't have shifty persons not a highly on a person who sticks to his word. He knows what they're saying they've got good character, not just on paper, but also in their character. Then I say to you the example of when our souls are seldom in the Battle of the duck the trenches when Benny coryza, the Jewish neighbors, they double crossed, and almost caused the death of the whole tribe of the whole Muslim Muslims of Medina Rasul Sam the battle the that that little siege ended, and the purpose of SLM said Why are you taking off your armor? The Bat the the the war has not the battle has not ended, while la halen suddenly lost

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the benefit of equalizer, we will not pray also except at

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the City of Bend equalizer, it was almost out of time, so we'll only pray there. So some groups went ahead and other groups went behind. The group that went behind was delayed. They were on their way.

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And the son was about to sit, so it's almost mothering. So a group said, Listen, we'll take the prop Salalah cell and literally, we will not pray the answer except that even if Muslim time comes. The other group said no. The Quran comes before the Prophet saying and the principle is in the salata, Canada, Nikita makuta pray has an appointed time. So even though the Prophet said at what he meant was, in our view, is to hurry up and go there quickly, not literally to pray there. But they did

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disagree on that opinion, a group waited and the group prayed straight away When they reached the Prophet sallallahu. It was and then what happened.

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They came to the process them as brothers.

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And they said this is a situation. Remarkably arasu salovaara he was sitting and did not

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say who was right and who was wrong.

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He used the following statement.

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You both are softer. You both reached the target.

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At the end of the day, when it comes to this situation, it's not about right or wrong. In these situations, you tried your best The point is to fear Allah as much as you can. Allah says for Tacoma mustapa fear your load as much as you can within your ability. But one of them was right, the other one, one of them was more right than the other still. But they both received the reward because they tried within Delhi. They tried with the sincerity. They tried with the fear of Allah subhanaw taala. And their whims and desires didn't take over, nor did they tribalism or anything like that. And it kept them as brothers. They only disagreed, but they did not divide. And lastly, I mentioned to

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remember Abu Bakr and Omar Abdullah Hanuman, they always most often they disagreed on my new views, which didn't really affect the unit of disunity of the oma rasa is to say, if you ever agree on something, then don't even consult me it has to be it has to be right. Because they knew their character then even the song It has to be right. So even he's great so hard is different in views on very minute issues. But at the end of the day, our Salah is all solid the first things are fasting are how Jessica deserves a cat. Our monotheism is a monotheism hamdulillah all of these principles which makes it into agenda and keep you away from Hellfire are still there when it comes to the

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nerve division in the deen is a fitna and that's why it was also Sallam told us

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that one of the major sins is a general, especially if it deals especially in the religion argumentation in the deen meaning argumentation based on whims and desires.

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This is one of the major sins because you're representing a loss deed in this thing is not yours or mine to play with.

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So better to be quiet than to give a verdict which will

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earn your place in help fine.

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So this is what I have today. I think we'll leave the rest the other half in sha Allah of the biography of Imam Shafi till next week, in sha Allah time,

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look only hair that was stopped for the luxury that compared to some of the Lahore and ebina