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Umar Farooq – The Four Caliphs – part 17

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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We continue Sharla on our study of the last stage of the conquest of Iraq and Persia on the days of the second successor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and Khalifa

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accardo called the Allahu Allah, may Allah be pleased with him.

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And we gotten to the point where

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Muslims that hamdulillah after the victory of Al qadisiya, and after they crossed the Euphrates, and then across the Tigris River, all the way into el Medina and into the capital of Persia, and with the grace of Allah subhana wa Taala and the leadership of Mr. Maha pod and said of Nairobi will cost the capital of Persia fell to the Muslims, and they were in control of the debt and then some danger lurks in Allah was in the area of south

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west of Iran today and area adjacent to shuffle Arab, and where Zan and witches he's one of the lead generals of Persia have gathered a major force trying to strike this Muslim new territories in the south. And with the grace of Allah subhanho wa Taala he was defeated. And he was carried to El Medina where he actually himself declared declared Islam and he joined the Muslim religion and a lot of the hubbub around the law and he kept him in Medina. At that point, Muslims gotten to the point where they controlled all the flat land in Iraq and Persia all the areas of Mesopotamia across around the two rivers of the Tigris and Euphrates and they gotten into a wall they got into the

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seals, the seals of the zagros Mountains which is a very torturous mountains that is difficult terrains, that Muslims are not used to fight him and gave his orders to stop there to not go and advance into What is today's known as most of Iran is to stop there and trying to establish control over what today's era

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and after he told us to stop though, yes, definitely the the kisara the king of Persia did not stop. He was trying again to regroup he's trying to gain to to get enough forces, while he can come down and regain control of these areas. We know the history between Persia and Byzantine, and how they had multiple wars and one time the Byzantine wouldn't be victorious, and they will claim this area and then the other time the Persian would be victorious and will reclaim this area. So to us desert, this is one of this back and forth battles he's not in. He's not the picture that this is a slam coming. This is not only an army that is coming to invade This is a whole new situation where

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religion from Allah subhanho wa Taala is being introduced to these areas. He tried to regroup and he took his forces into the mountains City of New Holland on the heavens, and he gathered 150,000 fighters 100 and 150 professional soldiers and the mountainous fortress of Hawaiians and he was trying he puts the pharaohs then we know the major generals that kiss her hat well at home Roseanne fight and then and Batman jazz away now diamond Jojo is killed home Roseanne became a Muslim. And he's left with this last standing general who was one point close to being a kiss for himself, famous Zen and fables and was the leader of the fortress of now one that he was gathering the forces

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preparing to invade Iraq. Omar decides to change that policy of stopping at seguros. He either had he had two choices either to wait until they invade Iraq and he would not know where they will strike. Or he can go in and attack them and no one's so I'm not Muslim to gather an army of the heroes and army to march and Helen because there is 150 of them 150,000 fighters in there and all that Omar can gather is 30,000 Muslim fighter, but he got the best the best that he can have at that time. He had an amount of no McLean now and then at that time, he was a Neil. He was he became a governor of a place called cascara. And he became a governor of that city. Now he is the Mujahideen

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nowhere for last 100 years.

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And he becomes sort of a prince. All this living in good places good food, good luxury. And he sent a letter to Oman, telling him Mr. Li or Mr. Lucas car cannot tell you Rosalyn Shaban lm visa

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from a law them as Elton he said, I am like me and this city that you gave me is like a young man and a prostitute and she's being dressed for me. He said, I'm being tempted, is what he's trying to tell me. I'm being accepted with this Mr. Our, this governorship, he and he asked him with Allah By Allah, the note, I want to step down, just believe me for these duties. While back then Elijah sent me to an army. This is what I know how to do this and this is what I want to do is I want to fight in the way of Allah Subhana. What Salah was looking for a leader for this army which we want it to do the best of the best. And he they told them what you have for data, man, you have the secret

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keeper of Russellville law. You have a voluson ashari you have these keyboarder for Heather, you have your son of the law of neuroma and an army of anugerah who Hadrian's Wall and for coming from El Medina. And he said well, ma he liked William Allah hombre. jhulan laya coonan. A sinner. He said, I will give the leadership to a man that he will be the first fight he will be the first spear and the fighting of that battle. He wanted a man that is yearning to fight in the way of Allah Subhana Allah and with that lifted off under Amanda Laughlin and management locker in law, he is not from the Kabbalah Sahaja he became the general commander of this army of Hawaiians. Then today 5

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million men taking the army off and Kufa Appaloosa Sri taken an army from Basra and Abdullah Omar took an army form and Medina itself an animal hygiene and alongside now Muslims can in control of these areas over here and no one is over there in the mountainous areas of Zavos, so they have the land from an Kufa Abdullah from Medina, I will move that ashati from Alice law and Amanda Laughlin from Costco, and they all move into the one where 150,000 Persian fighter we're waiting for them. And the history and the history records, the siege of the one that started on the 20th year of Hydra, and what is 642 of the Christian calendar.

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And then prepared, no one no one is in a mountain in a mountainous area, and it's surrounded from almost every direction with very treacherous terrain, very difficult terrain. And he fortified it in an unbelievable, strong manner. What he did is it has high walls depicted here and black, then he he actually dig a trench all around the city. So not only the high walls and the high mountains of New Haven, he had the trench dug. So the Muslim horses cannot cross and now was not enough for him. What he did is he took spears and he put them across together. If you remember the the D day for what the the German had in the sand, those fears that are coming out. He has something similar amount of

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metal so when the horses charge, they will be stuck on these fields. So all these were also spread all around the house. So he had three lines of defense around this fortress plus 150,000 fighter inside the city. And here comes the Muslim army with a three with 30,000 fighters trying to claim this fortress. This is a very difficult mission, brothers and sisters. So the first fighting started, and the Muslim army came to the Hawaiian and started trying to capture the city and they were faced with with an onslaught of arrows onslaught of boiled oil and slot of stone and onslaught of fighting under the the walls of the one and for two days. The battlefield was not going well for

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the Muslims. They know that they cannot really capture this fortress with conventional war with the way they fight every single battle.

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Like Hadley Whalen and SLE. He was in this army and he said to the Muslims, let's regroup. Let's think of a way to get into this fortress or way of taking the Persian army out into the open so we can we can fight them and we can defeat them.

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And he sat with Amanda McMullen and with the hero of Islam and he'll have this entire for two if we see one or the other. Alpha cognoa attorney Neil

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We say he was a hero in the car. He was hero in so many battles and the conquest against an expedition against Persia.

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So they said, Let's give them our best under the the the fortress and let them try to drag the Persian army outside. So what nine did is he put most of his army away from the heavens. Then he put two groups of horsemen of riders hidden in the mountains around the heavens. And he put a front led by

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the fierce fighter now alpaca had this talent of giving the impression always like he did that this year that he has more people than he actually did does, he always give the impression in his own fighting that he's got a large army. So a man said, Do your best Give me the best you have, he gave them a small lead like 5000 people, he said, make him look like 100,000. And then an alpaca had this talent. And he ordered to attack as if he was the entire Muslim army altogether, and are attacked under the

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words of one and he was again faced with a major onslaught of fighting. And then what he did is he started retreating Little by little, showing the person that he is in an in a matter he has been defeated. So the Persian army got tricked by that and they started sending one group after the other to chase after the Muslim army. And as Al Qaeda did that they continued to fight against these Persians and drag them little by little until most of the Persian army got out of the Hawaiians fine to just finish with this Muslim army that has now been defeated, and alcohol dragged them to where the rest of the Muslim army was, and another man and they suddenly a man in Abu Musab Ashanti and

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Akaka or put their forces around the army of anti Roseanne, and the battle actually continued be hot beyond the walls

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off of the HoloLens, and this battle was fierce and was very strong and anti Roseanne was killed in this battle. And and Norman Maclean himself was martyred.

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The leader of the of the Muslim army was also martyred in this fighting, and the Muslims were able to get into an island, and they were able to capture this last fortress and the mountain of Zelda rose. This is the most important fortress that is standing now between the Muslims that are in Iraq and the rest of Persia are what is known today as Iran. And this show you the genius of Amanda McCollum and his consultation with his jet with his with his brothers and his companions and his generals in the army and how he chose the hour of attack and how he was patient, patient in choosing the battlefield and dragging the Persian army outside the Hawaiians and how he Allah subhanaw taala

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gave him this honor of being killed the way you want it to be killed, he refused the model. He refused to be a governor, he refused to be a prince over over in a new city and he wanted just to die and fight in the way of what must happen to Allah and Allah subhanaw taala given that and the victory of the heroines.

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Now how our brothers and sisters is called in the history books that hold for tour, the conquest of conquests, it's the it's called in a very important victory for Muslims. Because after the Hawaiians, Iran or what is today today is known as Iran or Persia was wide open was wide open for the Muslim army, most of the strong Persian army was defeated and this battle of the Holland and that was the last almost to be the last straw against that Persian Empire.

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Omar wanted to stop even there he does not want the spirit the army too thin we see that that now the Muslims cannot send too much into they only were able to send 30,000 fighter into the house. They cannot send too many people because they have too much territory to protect. The Islamic

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territories are expanding very fast, and they have to protect these new areas. So Omar was wanting to stop however an NFL pay scheme and change history by

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convincing Mr. Pop to continue until he is dead. Red is defeated because he said you see what he is doing. He they were defeated nl hero they regrouped. They were defeated nl boy and they regrouped. They were even defeated in Al qadisiya and they were regroup

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So he said, You will not be able to protect these areas well before you kill, or get your standard get the head of the snake and finish the sasanian. Empire, the Persian Empire, although that one was a major key victory that helped. So after that Mr. ordered the Army's on his 22nd year after he dropped to continue on and push forward east and push he has deadweight even further east. And then came the

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Battle of hamedan, which is a city today in Iran on the 22nd year of hedra. And then the Battle of our right and the 22nd year although, and then the advanced into Azerbaijan, and that is the area close to the sea of cuisine today. And then the battle that is known as the Battle of undead, which is also known as the battle that battle of convene. That is also on the 22nd year of fidra. So this 22nd year of Pedro after the Battle of the hellums opened the door to so many victories. And that's why it is dubbed in Islamic history as such as the conquest of all conquest, as it opened the door for all of these battles, and then on all the armies to even push further east. To go into hurrah,

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time. horizon is an area that is today mostly is in Afghanistan is Afghanistan, and some of it is in in Pakistan today. And he ordered to push into Horace and on the 22nd year of his law, and he gave this leadership of this particular army to the man that suggested to go in there who is an ins of the place as we said he was the one that set with Armand and change history by convincing I'd like to continue further eastward, following Yes, detriment. So yes, that's what I tried to gather many people, many help from the kings of China from the Turkish kings and that area and he tried to gather army now he doesn't have many positions to help them as Muslims controlled most of Persia. He

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tried to outsource. He's trying to get other armies to help them in and they were again defeated. And the history of the forts what the the Emperor of China, wrote back to us degenerate, he wrote, he said, Give me a description of these people that are dethroning you that are taking you kicking you out of your empire, give me some description of these people so I can help you and I can send you some fighters. So instead, what gave him a true description of how the Muslim army was and how they treat people and how they do and how they fight. And then in a very famous letter, the king of China sent him a letter back he said, those that you are describing, if they want to move the

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mountains, they will move the mountains you fight them on your own. He said, I will not send my army to fight these that you are describing. He said in the home, no era do Xia Xia Hadji bellina is that where they can move the mountains? What kind of people are you describing to me, these are not the armies that we are used to fight. So the kings of China, the Emperor of China refused to

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fight against the Muslim army and the battles of what I said, finished in the 22nd year of Hindu law, and by that they reach the Muslim reach the river of Hindus, or what is known as a sin. Now, as they got to the river of interest, Mr. Maha pop sends a letter to Atlanta from the highest order him to stop and do not go into China and do not go into India and to stop at that point. And by that we see the area that Omar of Nepal under his leadership and with the grace to Allah was given to the Muslim This is the Muslim Ummah, this is the Muslim Empire at the time of Mr. Maha pop North Africa, a sham anti Arabia and Iraq and most of Iran well into Horus and or Afghanistan and into the what's

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called today as Azerbaijan and some of the Russian Muslim states today. And this was the empire of Islam, if we will, on the day that I'm out of the hot pop or the NF have no place to stop pushing, pushing eastward.

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One of the stories that are reported in history and it's reported in 30 tabari, that at one point during the fighting in chorus, an American pub was asleep at night, and he sold his dream one of his leaders called Saudi abusing that Saudi I was fighting in a battle and he was having a tough time. And a Saudi I was in a valley and the armies were around him.

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from everywhere and the Muslims were in dire straits. And Omar looked at his dream into the battlefield and he saw the mountain, that they can go into a mountain and take shield like the Muslims did and the Battle of thoughts, how they can regroup, and they can withdraw into the mountains or the armies that are chasing them cannot take advantage of that retreat. So the next day he woke up, and he knew that this dream, he knew that he sent Saudi and he knew that this is maybe a call from Allah Subhana Allah. So he gets on to the number. And he started getting the hookah, he started gathering the Muslims at the time that he saw in his dream that this battle was taking

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place. And then he started telling people, what he saw in his dream and what is going on. And he said, This is what I think that Allah Subhana Allah is showing me and he started calling from his number. Yes, sorry, yes. And Jasmine, and Jasmine. And the history books said that Saudia himself heard the voice of harmonica pop, he said, I heard an evil mommy calling on me during this battle to go into the mountain. And he did and he saved the Muslim army that way, and this is one of the Karana are far more than hapa that is reported by history as Jason l Barney, he may Allah have mercy on his soul. He said this is a Hasson narration This is not doesn't go into the very strong

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authentication. However, he said, this is has and this is a good authenticated story on our support.

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So that was the story of Saudi and gentlemen. Now, there is we after we finish this conquest, and we saw that this empire of Islam on the day of Ramadan, that a lot of it was the grace of Allah Subhana Allah we see this is 22 years after hinged on brothers, this is only

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I mean, this is very, very close. This is only 10 years, 12 years after the passing away of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is only 10 years where Islam itself was endangered with the Hello, Baba. And then here we see Islam becoming an empire, Islam defeats and finishes the sasanian Empire. And he basically puts down the Byzantine Empire, one of the largest empires of that time, the two superpowers of the world. And we need to know why we need to ask ourselves, this miracle of history, every historian whether they are with Islam or against Islam, or even objective, they have to call this miracle that happened at the time of a pub, this is something unprecedented,

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and unheard off. And it is unheard of not. Somebody may say, Well, the Mongols had something similar, they also spread fast, and they took a lot of territory, but they never kept it. And all these territories were gone away. And nobody in the territories where the Mongols were in now speak Mongolian, or they have the religion of the Mongols. Actually what happened is the opposite. The Mongols themselves took Islam, and they were defeated by the territories that they they try to defeat basically they embrace the slam and they became Muslims. So this lyrical of Islam we have to study that only the the military aspect of it but what lays behind it as far as the religion of

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Islam inshallah. So what effect of Islam had on the conquest on this the two, first the values and meanings of jihad in the way of a loss pattern with that, that these soldiers, these men that came out of Arabia, these veterans that used only few years back to fight each other, kill each other and steal from each other as a way of living, they now forming a very strong brotherhood, that have the most noble values that they are carrying to these people outside Arabia, and they're giving this message of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And they're carrying the book, the message of La ilaha illAllah, and the book of Quran with them, and that's how they establish the message of Islam.

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And with these values that the soldiers carried with them, and what helped them achieve with the with the help and the grace of Allah subhanho wa Taala is understanding what jihad is all about. They understand why they are on the backs of their horses, carrying the swords, fighting miles and hundreds and 1000s of miles away from they were born and raised to spread this word. And why it's worth giving their lives thoughts to had for them is something that is rewarded only by a lot of hands on with that. And with that, they learned that from the Quran, and this is one just one example in Surah Oktober in verse 120

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Allah subhanho wa Taala describe those what kind of reward he had for those who give their life their soul and the way for lust Hannah wattpad Veronica the unknown legacy boom Rama overland masaba, Masato de serie de la

00:25:19--> 00:25:32

una mot Angelica photo la luna Nina inequity via dm in La Casa Bella homie Yamato solid in La la la, la scene. Una Nakata

00:25:33--> 00:25:46

de la tavola una de la que te Bella home. Zavala, escena. McHenry Emmylou was Hannah with Allah, those who fight in the way of all of those who walk in the way of her last kind of what Allah He said

00:25:47--> 00:26:37

that, that they reckoned to their credit as the the righteousness, whether they suffered thirst or fatigue or hunger, and the cause of a lot, or fraud bath bath to raise the ire of the unbelievers, or received any injury, whatever from an enemy for a law suffered is not the reward to be lost of those who do good, nor could they spend anything for the cause of Allah smaller, great, nor cut across the valley. But deed is inscribed to their credit that Allah they're required their deeds was the best possible reward. So this they will not waiting for the financial reward that comes after victory. That's why I'm I said, How could they deliver all these treasures, all these jewelry that

00:26:37--> 00:26:57

came after that and in fact, cross the desert with nothing missing? Because these people had no interest in the gold of kisara they had no interest in the jewelry of kisara their interest was in what a last panel what Allah has bestowed for them has stored for them and the hereafter

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and they know that what they're doing is a profitable trade as Allah Subhana Allah said, in an in a sort of a soft blend shape on their own Virginia ui livina emmanuella De Luca Malati Jonathan tinggi caminada nanny, don't mean una de la you're assuming he was Nafisa de la

00:27:20--> 00:27:57

fusi come when you come to LA come in kuntum palemoon young fella coup de como cinecon Jeanette integer even Tatiana Masaki naka de Botton Fijian, the legal fossa, loving him, are you believe, shall I lead you to a bargain to a trade that will save you from a grievous penalty, that you believe in Allah and His messenger and that you strive your utmost, and the cause of Allah with your property and your persons, that won't be best for you, if you But no,

00:27:58--> 00:28:20

he will come forgive you your sins, and admits you two gardens beneath which rivers flow and two beautiful mansions and gardens of eternity, that is indeed the supreme achievement. And for that supreme achievement, these armies went to spread the message of Allah Subhana with that, and they knew whatever the battle

00:28:22--> 00:29:18

and then they are victorious, whatever happens on that battlefield, they are victorious, that they come up above they are they are on top, whatever happens because Allah subhana wa Allah said to teaching Muslims what to say for those who make him trying to to be scared from the strength of the enemy or the fears of the battle he said, I was a foreigner Rajiv, Allah para una Pina DeCosta in Wanaka Luna Tara COMM And you see Docomo the other the minion de la da de la vaca bustle in Morocco, mudaraba soon say can you expect for us any faith other than one of two glorious things, Marxism or victory there's only two things that can happen to these armies. They'll either be victorious and

00:29:18--> 00:29:28

achieve what they can to achieve and spread the word of Allah subhanaw taala there will be or they will be killed, which is a glory on its own is a glory by itself from a loss of Hannah with that

00:29:30--> 00:29:46

and they knew what they're looking for that month or them is actually a reward and grow by itself and it is an eternal life. Allah Subhana Allah says in Amman hours of learning in the shape Vanya Rajiv Allah taxa then Allah de na ko te lo fi Sabine in la

00:29:47--> 00:29:49

de la jolla.

00:29:50--> 00:29:54

Beam yusaku fairy Hina Deena Tao hula hoop.

00:29:57--> 00:29:59

Latina Lanyon Haku be him in Hollywood.

00:30:00--> 00:30:03

Him is not in la de la miel. Hakuna

00:30:05--> 00:30:11

Allah, Allah him Allah whom he has no one. Yesterday she Runa Vina Cimino La

00:30:13--> 00:30:48

la la la you do I mean, I was hunter Allah said about those who are killed on the battlefield, that they are not dead. Allah Subhana Allah says think nots of those who are slain in a lot of ways as dead, they they live, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord in the Presence of Allah subhana wa Tada. They rejoice in the bounty provided by Allah. And with regard to those left behind those soldiers behind that they are not dead yet they're not martyred, yet, who have not yet joined them in their bliss.

00:30:49--> 00:31:09

The martyrs glory and the fact that on them is no fear, nor have they caused grief, they glory and the grace and the bounty from Allah. And in the fact that a loss suffer is not the word of the faithful to be lost in the least.

00:31:10--> 00:31:53

Another value is they knew the higher goal of jihad. The high the goal of jihad is not to defeat people. Islam was never sent out to kill or enslave or defeat or conquer empires. Islam was always the Muslim army would always the first thing that they offer is follow the way of the last panel or subject as a way of electric people follow it and pay your your jizya and you will be left alone and you will be left on top of your if your kingdom or Empire or your city but if you don't then she had been fighting is the last ditch effort is the last resort. So they knew this high goal they knew why they are fighting and the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala

00:31:55--> 00:32:00

name the shaytani r Rajim artin FISA Dini lagen Medina una

00:32:02--> 00:32:02

hora

00:32:03--> 00:32:05

de Sabine in the ether you

00:32:07--> 00:32:27

need for some fun Oh t drawn Avenida de la comme la Ducati Luna FISA de la mustafina MENA region early on visa, you will will then in Medina yaku Nora original Korea robina original caryatids la linea Alba jan

00:32:29--> 00:32:29

de

00:32:31--> 00:32:41

la alladhina amanu ukata Luna De La, La La vena cava bucatini una de savini Babu Takashi new

00:32:42--> 00:32:53

shaitan in best shape on Canada, Allah. Allah says in Anissa, verses 74 through 76.

00:32:54--> 00:33:29

Like those fights and the cause of Allah who sell the life, their life of this world for the hereafter to him who fights and because of our law, whether he is slain or gets victory, soon, shall we Allah give him a reward of great value? And why should you not fight in the cause of Allah, and of those who been weak, or ill treated and oppressed men, women and children whose cry is our Lord, rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors, and raised and raised from us.

00:33:30--> 00:33:57

From from you, one who will protect and raise for us from you one who will help those who believe this is the message of jihad, those who believe fighting the cause of a law, and those who reject faith, fighting the cause of evil. So fight you against the Friends of shaytaan feeble indeed is the cunning of shavon or Satan.

00:34:06--> 00:34:07

And

00:34:08--> 00:34:52

the way of Allah Subhana Allah, Allah subhanaw taala has Suna in this world. And lots of hunt Allah has admitted that he treats all people and when that last compiler tells us that this way of Allah will not change, no matter what the time is, no matter who the people are. And these four have a set of perfect example, this leadership that we're studying from our local pub, and this dedication of the Sahaba their dedication to the message of Allah subhanho wa Taala is not but a role model for us. It's not been an example for those who want to follow because Allah Subhana Allah has set method on Earth. Well, I'm tempted to listen that Eli dealer will tell you that he soon Attila Wheeler,

00:34:52--> 00:34:59

Allah subhanaw taala does not change his way. Now people change their adherence to the way of Allah but Allah has his own method and has his

00:35:00--> 00:35:15

own way and that will not change. So what can what is the sun now what is the method of Allah Subhana Allah as well hold on to Allah that was followed during this tutorial. Number one, that the preparedness the sinner of and and

00:35:16--> 00:35:18

that, that this is what

00:35:19--> 00:35:44

animates them army has fathers they were prepared, although victory is from Allah subhana wa Taala but every time they go into a battle they were preparing themselves to match or equate or trying to do the best they can against a very powerful enemy. Allah Subhana Allah says in an unfair Why do Mustapha quwata wonder revolting hi nitori buena de la la

00:35:47--> 00:35:49

la la, la, la

00:35:51--> 00:35:52

la la la la la

00:35:53--> 00:35:54

la la to

00:35:55--> 00:35:59

shake shy. He said he was in a coma and

00:36:01--> 00:36:36

he said I was against them make ready prepare your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds afford to strike fear into the hearts of the enemies of Allah and your enemies. Now victory is from a law. But this strikes fear and so lasallian Selim said I was given the victory I was given the help with the fear being put in the hearts of enemies of Allah subhana wa Tada. So Muslims get victory with this weapon, with the weapon of fear that is put in the hearts of the enemies of Allah subhana wa to Allah.

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And Allah subhanho wa Taala said, whatever you shall spend in the cause of Allah shall be repaid unto you, and you shall not be treated unjustly. So that's one way that Allah subhanaw taala shows Suenens his life. The other way is Muslims, as those who carry the way of Allah carries the word of Allah subhana wa Taala. They have to be prepared to sacrifice and they have to be prepared and know that Allah subhanaw taala will test them. Allah subhanaw taala said hassy Vanessa utako yaku and then

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they they think that the believer can just say oh I am a believer gives me paradise, and they are not the three tries and have to go through trials and tribulations. Allah Subhana Allah said I was laying in the shape on your Rajiv am hi septum and

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Tikka Masala Latina Holloman. publikum Masako.

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xeno Hata hula Rasulullah levena numero uno, de la. And in LA he

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was pantalla said an alpha to 14. Or do you think that you shall enter the goddess of bliss of Goddess of Paradise without such trials, as cut as came to those who passed away before? And this goes on this example of philosophy. I don't know. If you are reading this and the time of Ramadan you are after the Battle of Algiers is the same thing that happened to the Muslims after the Battle of Allah how they were defeated. And this pedophile just said, and they were brokenhearted. And they felt like this Persian Empire may be something impossible to conquer. But alas, when you read this sort of Quran, you read this arthritis of Allah to Allah you won't be touched. He said, Allah, Allah

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does before you they encountered suffering and adversity, and was so shaken in spirits, that even the messenger and those of faith who were with him cried when will crumb the help of Allah. Verily, the help of a lot is always near. Every time brother and sister we get into these moments of desperation. We think that this everything is hopeless. We cannot be be the way we were before and Muslims our stand is defeated. Well, well, yeah, the villa it never is Allah Subhana Allah said that even those before you deal were shaken, even the messenger and those believers around them, they will ask themselves when is the victory of Allah will come and do the victory of Allah Subhana Allah

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is always there. And this method this way, if Allah was shown in these conquest of Persia, we saw how Allah subhanho wa Taala shaken the Muslims. In some battles, however, the victory of Allah, Allah was certain and was near

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the Third Way of Allah pantalla that showed itself and these conquest is the end of tyrants and transgressors. It is always the same, no matter how long they live, no matter how powerful they are. A lot of how data has set a certain end for every tyrant for every time nation or for every current person for every transgressor nation or every transgressive person. So Persia and khosrow were transgressors and tyrants by all accounts of history and a loss of Hannah with Alice

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And Intuit who's 11 then come in, in Quran aku La Nina call Evo hasid

00:40:13--> 00:40:13

fusa, whom,

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earlier to Latina and Latino

00:40:22--> 00:40:23

rahbek

00:40:25--> 00:40:26

debe waka

00:40:27--> 00:40:34

waka Veronica Dora Becca, aka walima in Africa who

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studied the worshipers of fire worshippers of idols, Allah subhanaw taala says these are some of the stories of communities This is the way of Allah, which we relate unto you. of them, some are still standing, doesn't change anything, that this is the way of Allah Subhana Allah will happen to them, although they are still standing now. And some have been blown down by the circle of time.

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It was not that we own them, they long their own souls that day these other than a law home they invoked profited them know which, when they when they're issued, the decree of your Lord, nor do they nor are they as ought to their lots but perdition, these these fire that they worshipped did not help them, these idols that they glorified did not help it but they added to their regret at the time when the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala came, such as the chastisement testament of your Lord when he chastises communities in the midst of their walk grievious indeed, and severe is his chastisement. So the punishment of Allah Subhana Allah is certainly coming to those are tyrants and

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even though Thor decided to reject the will of Allah Subhana Allah and the message of Allah subhana wa Tada, those who sin against the orders of Allah Subhana Allah, Allah Subhana Allah says,

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Allah Yocum Allah, Allah him are the mecanim are the melon new makela como

00:42:14--> 00:42:15

la,

00:42:16--> 00:42:24

la la la dreamin 1314

00:42:25--> 00:42:26

what I said,

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See they not how many of these before them we did destroy generations we had established on Earth, in strength, such as we have not given to you. So don't be fooled with the power. Don't be fooled with how much bounty Allah bestow on a certain nation for whom we pulled out rain from the skies in abundance and gave fertile streams flowing beneath their feet, yet for their sins, we destroyed them. So sin is what destroys nations, this Athenian Empire was eliminated off the face of the earth, because of its sin. And this is what Allah Subhana Allah is telling us and raised in their wake fresh generations to succeed them.

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And then Allah subhanaw taala tells those who believe what's happened to them is that a reflection of this revolution that happened in the world, this miracle, this change that we saw on the face of Earth, and these few years of the collapse of American Heart is but a reflection of what has changed in the hearts of Muslims, those who transferred from Albania from ignorance to the bright, and in light of Islam, this the friction on the world was just a reflection, this was just a reflection of that I would have been laying the straight on your regime in the law, allow your home in the room, to see him literally never will alive, change the condition of four people until they change it

00:44:02--> 00:44:35

themselves with their own souls. So change has to start from within has to start from the heart. If anybody saying why Allah Subhana Allah is punishing one nation while was enhanced Allah has this has mercy from certain people, then first thing to review is what's in the heart of every single one. And when when that changes, then a lot of kind of with Allah changes the condition of the speed. And these, these conditions and these ways have a lot higher, died and never changes. My brother and sisters.

00:44:36--> 00:44:59

Another thing that the historian is trying to make of this conquest of these medical the American Medical that happened on the days of hip hop is this was just an onslaught of fierce, violent people that are trying to invoke their religion by force on others. And this is so much revoked by monks

00:45:00--> 00:45:24

To pull evidence, some of it is from Islam itself, some of it from history. And some of it just comes from common sense if people want to objective, look at the facts of life, they know that this is basically in this claim. The Islamic facts is what is there in Al Baqarah? That there is no compulsion in religion, Allah Subhana Allah Allah said, No, Ico has the deen.

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Do me know why there is no compulsion in religion, you can not force anyone to embrace the religion of Islam.

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The historical fact is the protection of other religion under Islamic law. So many large Christian and Jewish community that flourished under Muslim rules in Spain, and in Assam in everywhere in the Muslim Empire and historical documents and treaties that were signed. If you go back to these treaties that are still present today, what the amount of sign with the people of Jerusalem, how they guaranteed the protection of their of their crosses, he said no cross, not cross should be taken down. No chapel, no, no Cathedral, and no church can be destroyed or taken away from the people of Jerusalem. Not same thing happened in many, many Christian enclaves and the Muslim Empire.

00:46:17--> 00:46:59

And then common sense, why just Muslim populations are actually in countries that were not militarily conquered. Indonesia is the largest Muslim country in the world. And it was conquered by the Netherlands by by the by the people of the Netherlands and Muslims, armies never set foot on these on Indonesia. Yet there are large, loose Christian communities and like an age of around 14 million Coptic Christians, that flourished and continued to flourish under Islam for many, many years. So the fact remains, that the people of these 30s were attracted to Islam, because of the message of Islam, not because of the sword, because of the fairness and mercy contrasted with the

00:46:59--> 00:47:02

tyranny of the rulers before the Muslims.

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Then another last thing we have to reflect upon and ponder upon his memories were studying, remember studying the life of a top, and we try to reflect upon a lot of what is his role? What is his genius and leadership? How can this amarrian litical happened during that time?

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Omar has his way in choosing the leaders and the commanders of the army, yet certain conditions, who would be a leader who would be a commander of the forces, he said, number one, the commander has to be talking, and it has to have knowledge of Islam, and has to be known as a good Muslim that people know he practices slam on the surface, the way that Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is very apparent. And what is narrated of Mr. Maha pop, he said, many standard, a third one

00:47:58--> 00:48:43

for whom Islam, he said, Whoever appoints somebody who is wicked, or a singer or or he knows that he's going the wrong way. And he knows that he is just like him, that the sins and with the mistakes that are done by that commander, that should be reflected on the one that appointed him. And that was his way of appointing the leaders. On the other hand, if he knows the righteous person, he forces them to take leadership position, he sets aside for homicide. He wants to make him money. He wants to make him a governor. Now sorry, is that his side? His avid side does not want luxury does not want to be in charge. So he sends to me, he said, No, I'm not gonna be your governor over a

00:48:43--> 00:48:49

chef. So my sense to him, he said, Well, we're living in fcpa No, a lot of you won't be a governor.

00:48:52--> 00:49:12

Except don't give me this khilafah and you sit in your house and says, I'm not handling You have to help me. So when he knows people have righteousness, he said, You have to take the position of responsibility. It is your duty upon the Muslims, if you know you are you have the talent, you have the capability, then you have to give the Muslims what you have. And that's what he told say.

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The other thing that he wants in a leader to be patient and to be to have the prudence and intelligence of floor we know that when slice and dice so coffee, they both responding to the call of Mr. To go to Iraq, he gave a vote obeyed the leadership and did not give it to satellite satellite as a hobby is not as a hobby. So the Sahaba came to him and he said what are you thinking? How come you give this to announcer how the overseer hobby he said satellite is doesn't have patience, he he can put the army in harm's way. And and you should put that into perspective when you appoint a leader. Yes, he wanted his leaders to be brave and to be a

00:50:00--> 00:50:44

To fight when when the hour comes, and that's what happened. When we sell with a nomadic look when now and then live an army that has a family and then is in our beloved no Ahmad is in Abu Musab lashari is in this Arqiva Sahaba brothers and sisters and Omar mccrane had the leadership because I'm not new that the Battle of the heroine needs a brave man. It's somebody who's just yearning to fight that will not turn back from the walls of the heavens. And he gave it to a man, Evan McMullen. He always had the people that had intelligence shrewdness, like I'm open and honest when he sent them to fall asleep, and then to missile and he wanted people that are willing to do and willing to

00:50:44--> 00:50:59

work after the he gathered the army of Sahaba. They said, well, you have now many Sahaba evergrande obeyed. And so what he said I will give the leadership to the first responders, to those who had most willingness to fight in a way for last 100 DOD.

00:51:00--> 00:51:23

Then in his leadership, Omar was sticking to the way of our last panel with that theory, reminding the people that Allah subhanaw taala has rights over the soldiers as rights over the army that the army has to observe these rites of God, some of these rights are the patients and to endure during the battle. Allah Subhana Allah says in Amman,

00:51:25--> 00:51:25

levina

00:51:28--> 00:51:29

Allah Allah,

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Allah Subhana, Allah said, that you Oh, you believe when you face your enemy, you have to be patient, you have to endure the heat of the battle and the fighting and you have to be the boss of the boss is like stick fast like you're stuck to the ground, you should not sleep away from your enemy, when the heat of battle gets harder.

00:51:51--> 00:51:57

And then if you feel a law and do that, then you will attain success in the way of a loss of Hana with that.

00:52:00--> 00:52:11

Then he reminded people that you are fighting only in the war for lust for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala the Prophet sallahu wa sallam said Mankato, una cadena

00:52:13--> 00:52:38

de la wa salatu salam trying to determine, trying to define to us who are martyrs and who are not who are fighting. He said whoever is fighting to make the word of Allah to Allah is the prevailing word on Earth, then that is the fighter and the wife of last God, they should be known as the benefits that the fighter or the one that goes out for Jihad having their hearts except the word of Allah Subhana with that.

00:52:39--> 00:53:04

The other thing is to be honest, and to be fair during gathering the spoils of battle, and distributing the spoils of battle, and then to not give favors to each other over the way of Allah subhanaw taala said, if he will send a leader he said do not favor your close people to your friends over others, and fear Allah subhanho wa Taala and your soldiers are always observing the rights of Allah subhanaw taala.

00:53:05--> 00:53:53

Then he had rights of commanders, when he sent a commander, he will ask the soldiers to keep the rights of their commanders to obey the commander, that if there is no obedience to the commander's, then the battle will become against the Muslims. We remember what happened in a juicer when one of the Muslim soldiers cut the bridge. So without the orders of Aveda coffee, and that became a disaster upon Muslims, very reminiscent of the disaster of when the archers disobeyed orders of our last contact. So obedience to the leader is very important during the battlefields. And the other thing is he will give although he will have multiple big Sahaba, he will always appoint one that

00:53:53--> 00:54:11

will be the general commander over them. So they're always the one opinion that has to be learned otherwise, all of these opinions will fly around and the Muslims will be weakened by by different leadership. So always make sure that he centralizes the commander ship of the army in one person.

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What is so brilliant of a lot of new hip hop was the rise of soldiers. Now, we have to remember where we are what time we are talking about. We are talking about where soldiers have multiple empires and multiple forces at that time, were treated like slaves, they had no life. They are a soldier. That's what they look for. That's what they die for. And that's what they are there for. A lot of know how far he is telling the commanders that those soldiers have rights. And those soldiers are human being they are your brothers. And some of that is you always have to check on them. Always have to make sure they're fed always have to make sure they're well kept. Even the horses will ask

00:54:54--> 00:54:59

us to cross and He will check on the horses and he sees a weak horse. That is not welfare

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He will penalize the owner of that horse for not feeding the world, the horse will not washing the horse or not taking care of the horse. So he's at every single fighting machine, and that battle has rights on on Muslims, and then they will not hire those armies will always give them. And there's so many examples, so many letters that he sent me to his commanders that I will not

00:55:23--> 00:56:05

say most of them because of the interest of time. But he will always tell the leaders that do not let the army get to the battle, when they're worn out, well, they're tired, make sure they're getting enough rest, make sure that these human lives that under your commander ship are being treated well and they are ready for battle. And the other thing is to protect them from the enemy, he always will tell them, as we saw with armor class, that he said, Don't leave a body of water between your soldiers. And and Medina always have to make sure that I can send you supply I can send you help. And if you are trapped, you can retreat into into a dry land into into an Edina into into

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Arabia again. So always make sure that these armies were well protected from the attack of the enemy.

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The other thing that Bob did, and that is also very well documented as a credit for the genius of Mr. Maha pop is after he established this vast Muslim territory, this new territories, he wants to make sure that then it's well protected. He took that natural barrier of the Indus River on the very far eastern fronts at that time. And then he started having an outpost of the Muslim territory, and it's been called a civil war. And this post as the war continued to be habits brothers and sisters weigh into the the abassi period. And and the Muslims continue to do this. And many historians say when Muslims stopped keeping their food and stopped keeping their posts, that's when the Muslim

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Ummah with the Muslim Empire, so to speak, and I hate to call the Muslim Muslim Empire. But but but that's when it collapsed. And that's when it was divided is when they were not keeping their borders, the way that Mr. Maha pop has said, and many, many years early, and the dawn of Islamic, military or Islamic State life. And the other thing he would do, and that is actually last but not never least really is that to not

00:57:33--> 00:57:50

to make sure that the goal of Islam is to spread the Tao of Laila a llama, and in every color and every outpost and every new territory, the first thing, the very first building, the very first place to be established, would be msgid, to spread the way of our loss of Hannah with that

00:57:51--> 00:58:35

the results of these conquests the policy of Mr. Maha pop of sending these armies and to go into fighting with the empires of Persia sustaining an empire of Persia, and the Byzantine Roman Empire, the Eastern Roman Empire was eliminating the subterranean Persian Empire. This did not happen completely for the credit history on the days of pop, he has ventilated was killed on the days of asthmatic not fat. But however, it's very clear that the sasanian Empire pretty much was dying, when out of Brazil, Allahu anhu, left this world and then containing the danger of the Byzantine Empire. And actually the history of the courts that later on the second heraclius Constantine Constantine or

00:58:35--> 00:59:19

his son history, the history books, I'm not sure which one that there's some peace treaties between them and amagno hip hop and the life of heraclius cents on Lucasfilm, the wife of Mr. mahatva, daughter of aliveness, the falling and falling out of the law and had sent her a gift from heraclius which was a necklace, a jewelry necklace, and Mr. Maha sees this and he said go ahead and put it in the treasury of Muslims. This belongs to the Muslims this does not belong to the life of Mr. Pop. So there was a very good containment of the Byzantine Empire was sending gifts trying to make peace with the amount of hip hop and the threat the Muslim or manual more after the conquest of a shin

00:59:20--> 00:59:59

then establishing what is known as this Muslim Ummah as a state new old power, a force to be reckoned with. Now heraclius himself instead of carrying the letter of Mr. Or, or insulting the messengers of amorous sending him gifts, kisara did that for the letter of Rasulullah Salallahu alaihe salam Allah subhanaw taala for his kingdom, and this emerge emerged the Muslim Ummah, the Muslim state, emerges on the time of Kufa and establishes a new kinds of leadership in the world. The world did not know before. And there is a known historian called Gustav lavon, who wrote a big lecture about the slam and what happened he said history

01:00:00--> 01:00:49

No One No more merciful conqueror than Muslims. The history of the world knows no more merciful conqueror than the Muslims and the Muslim conquest at the time in the entire history of Islam, Justice among people equality, that people were all treated equal regardless of their background regardless of their color regardless of their where they came from, and then ruling a code according to the law of Allah kind of what Allah and that is the legacy of the conquests of Mr. Malhotra and inshallah we'll stop there. And in the next session, we will put the final touches on this brilliant life of this one of this shiny star in the sky of Islam, Omar Abdullah and we will talk about his

01:00:49--> 01:01:02

final days we will talk about his assassination and we will talk in general about what general legacy I'm out of The Hobbit Allah be pleased with him left for Muslims for generations inshallah to come to zakum locker.

01:01:05--> 01:01:29

We ask Allah Subhana Allah to teach us the best of our religion, and to make of these sessions lessons for us that we take into our houses and we teach our families and our children and we learn from it ourselves and to make of these beacons of Islam, a guidance for us in the way that we lead ourselves in our lives and mean, what hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salam ala Sayidina Muhammad while he was lucky, he may