Sciences of the Quran 4/16

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Isam Rajab

Channel: Isam Rajab

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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snarf mannerheim Shangri La Mulana Minato serratos. Qatar slim. methanol, Amina Amina Muhammad Allah no savage mine. So I want to come up with a longer catchy

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Welcome to our class of Allah Quran the sciences of the Quran.

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Today inshallah we will discuss a very important issue which is compiling the Quran all what we will talk about today is answering one question how this Quran came to us, how it reached us,

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you will be asked

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by Muslims or even non Muslims. Now, how this Quran came to us? They didn't come to us in a book like that compiled or there was a history behind this. So, today inshallah we will discuss this issue. However, before that, we have a gift for you. We have a quiz.

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So I hope everybody is ready inshallah.

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The first question

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Allah subhanaw taala says, Yeah, you have levena Amen. Oh, favela good for you who believe fulfill

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the contracts the transactions, this is the first I have Sora tell neither. So, if you hear this ayah What do you say this is a mucky or maddening I

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I want your answers now.

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Is it the Maquis or madonia yeah you have levina m n o fo B la code

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are you who believe fulfill the transactions?

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The contracts? Yes. Madani why

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contracts and transactions in Mecca? Was there trans transactions and contracts.

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There was maybe a little bit but not the details about transactions so this is correct.

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Do we have the same answer from the students online?

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Yes, that's good. The second fri to mulata Lhasa aminata solicita Allah como de kerravala do you know Allah, Allah Rosa and minute What are the idols

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so these are the three if I try to Malacca Lhasa, this is one I will monitor solicitado for a second ayah Allah como de Carvalho, Anja is the third day. So

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is it Mickey or Minnie?

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Mickey Why?

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There is no Latin dausa in Medina, mostly the the mechanized they deal with the sheet with worship. So it is makiya another thing even if there there were no idols mentioned

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the the amount of the ayah is short. It's not long.

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So this is an indication that the eye is mucky.

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The third one laqad sada Allahu Rasulullah wrote a letter to Luna Masjid al haram insha Allah emini and lead Allah subhanho wa Taala fulfilled the promise to His Prophet, that

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he will enter the sacred house safely

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he and his followers so is this I am a key or Medina.

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McKee, why,

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you have to say why

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we have an answer another answer

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madonie all of them

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are they think Madani? Why, why it is maddening?

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It is maddening. That's true, because this is after the Hydra the Prophet size lamb was unable to perform the Umrah or Hajj when he was already in Mecca. They were already there. But now Allah subhanaw taala is promising him that they will enter Mecca safely safe without any problem. So this is a Madani I

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the last day we have a new Mac went to la cadena Kumar to Allah kamiyama to

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Medina today. I perfected

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my favor my

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nirma

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I perfected

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You religion and completed my favor

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upon you and approved Islam as a religion for you. So, is this Mecca or Medina

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where

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this ayah was sent down where

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they are farofa they have alpha and alpha is well in Mecca. So, is it my key or madam

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Madani? Why

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yes it is completing the religion the religion was not complete in Mecca. We had 10 more years in Medina. So it is it is

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maddening. It is maddening.

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Okay, this is an example, as I told you this is an example, once we have

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I add, it's important to know

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where are they in the Quran whether they are Mecca or Medina.

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Okay.

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Last time, we mentioned the characteristics of the Medina and the Millennium series. Now, we will mention some characteristics of the meccan surah as the meccan ayat, now you don't have to know this because once you knew the characteristics of one type, the second type will be easy. Yet this will help you better also to understand distinguish between the Mackie and the madonie I

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first thing calling to debate

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usually calling to debate happened in Mecca, not in Medina.

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And, of course warning against chick. This is also happened in Mecca.

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The eloquence in this time. Now the entire Quran is eloquent and the entire Quran is high. But in Makkah in particular, the ayat was challenging so they were more at hongkou

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refuting the suspicions of the idolaters This is also makin characteristic for the ayat of Mecca.

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Now this is an easy sign. Every eye has the word ni Kela they say every eye has the word Kela because again, the nature in Mecca was to challenge the disbelievers. So every eye has color. It is a mecca and I

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dislike what we said about the Medina ayat, every Ayah talks about hypocrites or jihad. It is Medina.

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But again, these are in general, what do we mean by in general sometimes, sometimes there are some exceptions.

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Sometimes there are some exceptions.

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Now we're moving to our issue.

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The important question, how did the Quran come to us?

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How did the Quran come to us?

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Now we earlier said that the Quran was not sent down at once.

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It was not delivered physically. So the prophet SAW Selim took it and the companions saw it, and then everyone took a copy of from if that's not the case. So what happened exactly. Now during the prophetic era, during the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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We know from the cinema and the spirit of the messenger of science tell him that he had scribers scribers of why, we mean by that people that they used to write down the AI at once they

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they come

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from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Why we have scribers of the why, because the prophet SAW Selim himself, he did not know how to read, know how to write.

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He was unlettered and this is a miracle by itself. In general, it is better for you to know how to read and write. But for the perfect size, it was more miraculous when he's unable to read or write yet he delivered the entire plan. So people would believe that it is from Allah subhanaw taala is not from him. Therefore, he had some scribers of the way once

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an ayah was revealed, he calls on one of them, and they write down this ayah

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so that was the case for 23 years. Do you know any of those scribers those companions views derived the wife or the messenger, science alum

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Do you know any of them? Because

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there were many of them.

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A beloved novel now snow globe Nam Laos.

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Vietnam Laos used to write the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu sallam.

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zaytoven sabbat very good zaytoven pabitra de la Han he used to write the ye for the messenger Salaam. I live in Vitaly rhodiola Juan Manuel bin Abu Sufyan or the Alon obey the cup. So there was

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there were some people who used to write the ye for the messenger sallallahu sallam. Now, what was their job, their job was to write down whatever the prophet SAW Selim dictates to them, we used to write it and he used to instruct them, but this ayah in that place, but this is in this place.

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So that was

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the job of the companions at the time of the messenger science, Selim. Now did they have one copy of the Quran at the time of the messenger Salaam one full copy?

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Did they or didn't they? They did not talk about the Quran itself. Was it all documented? Was it all written down? At the time of the messenger Salaam? Of course, because the Quran was sent to the messenger Selim, once the prophet SAW Selim is not there, there is no Quran. So all the Quran was sent down at the time of the messenger salon, and the prophet SAW said I've never delayed an ayah to be documented. And he said later on, because if we say this is a possibility, that means there is a possibility that we have some is missing from the Quran, which we don't. So all the ad word documented at the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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after the death of the messenger sallallahu wasallam

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at the time of

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abubaker della Han,

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who was the first Khalifa after the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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will work are they long on?

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What happened at the time of abubaker de la one?

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Was the Quran

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change?

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Did something happened to the Quran? At the time of abubaker?

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Salamanca, what about him?

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He started making up his own code. And actually this is this happened even earlier.

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But about what kind of the long run did something very important to the Quran? And because of his efforts and the efforts of companions of the law, no, the Quran was preserved. Now at the time of the messenger Salaam, we earlier said that the Quran itself entirely was not copied in one book, but didn't we have companions who memorize the Quran? Or the Quran? Did we or didn't we? We did. Like do you know any of the companions or memorize the Quran?

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Were there few many beloved nosode and the evidence when the avatar Selim told the companions whoever wanted to recite the Quran, fresh, excellent as it was revealed he should recite, according to the recitation of Abdullah saw that on the long run, he memorized the entire Quran. He Himself said, If I know anyone who knows anything more the book of Allah than me then I will travel to him to get this knowledge. So he is one of them who else we have obey been kept

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waving capital, the long run he also memorized the Quran or even capital the long he was a robber. He was a Jew and he became a Muslim. Who else now these names are important. You have to know some of the companions who memorize the Quran.

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Earlier of the law when he memorized the Quran, the entire Quran is not even a fan of the law when he memorized the entire Quran actually all the whole affair of the forklift worker Mrs. Man and Dolly, they all memorize the Quran. They didn't have it. We earlier said that is one of the scribers of the way Yes.

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They've been our best. Very good, they've been our best also the Alon Omar, Abdullah Nava, so long am I memorized the entire Quran? Who else?

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So do we have few individuals less than 10? Or we have more?

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Probably, definitely we have more. Why? In one incident in one battle only during the lifetime of the messenger science alum 70 of the father were killed. The prophet SAW Selim sent a

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group of people

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To a tribe, because they asked for some people to help them to teach them the Quran. And they were sent to them. What happened? Those tribe, the people of that tribe, they betrayed. The prophet SAW them and they killed. Those are fun. So the prophet SAW Selim kept praying against them for one month.

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So they used to memorize the Quran, at the time of Abu Bakr of the law, this is what happened. Now, the companions did not really care about gathering the entire Quran in one book, because it was already preserved, how it was preserved, it was preserved in the hearts

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by memorizing the Quran, because those companions they used to take it orally directly from the messenger sallallahu sallam. So if you memorize it, there is no need to write it. But it was there.

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All of it, but not in one book. So what happened at the time for worker of the lawn, during the battles with the people who have passed it?

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Again, many of the Quran meaning of the father of the Quran, they were martyred, they were killed. So they felt that it is important to do something. Now if everybody who memorize the Quran was killed, now we will lose the Quran.

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If everybody who memorize the Quran was killed,

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then we may lose the Quran. So Abu Bakar Allah Juan asked Zaid said it of the lawn, he asked him to gather the Quran

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in one book, now they have their loved one he said, By Allah if they asked me to move

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the mount of HUD from its place, it would be easier for me than

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gathering the Quran in one book.

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Why is this Zayed already memorized the Quran and the Quran was there already. So all what he should do is to gather the leaves,

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the papers, the rocks, and put them in one book.

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It seems easy. However, because there is the Quran, it is the responsibility he wished if they asked someone else. Now why they chose the Sabbath or their loved one. There was a reason he was the one who witnessed the last presentation

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from jabril to the messenger sallallahu ala. We said in Ramadan in Ramadan last Ramadan the prophet SAW sent him before he dies.

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Before his death, Jabra Lai Salam reviewed the Quran with the messenger Selim twice, it was reviewed twice. So they didn't have it was there, he witnessed that. And he already memorized the Quran, he is already one of the scribers of the way. So they felt he is the best person to to take this mission. And he did that. Now, they established a committee, but they didn't have it throughout their law one, he was the one who's responsible for

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for that process for that mission to compile the entire Quran in one book. Now,

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there was a process going on, it was not random. Whoever said this is from the Quran, they will take it and they will add it and they will say this is the Quran. Now remember, again, the avatar delaune. He already memorized the Quran. But they had the condition,

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very important condition.

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They said we will not accept any area, we will not accept any area

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unless

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there is a witness that it was written at the time of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. So, let's say you memorize

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this AI, which you have, and it was at the time of the messenger science and it's not enough, there has to be another one comes and says, I saw you writing down this ayah at the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, why they made this condition just for further protection and verification that all these ayat were written at the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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And they were successful. Now it took some effort. It took some time, but they did it. That's how the Quran was compiled the first time.

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That's the first time from the time of the messenger Salaam that they compiled the entire Quran in one book, which did not happen to any book in the history of mankind.

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Nothing is added unless there is a witness that it was written at the time of the messenger of science.

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This did not happen to anybody but

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To the book of Allah subhanaw taala. That's the level of the accuracy and the documentation.

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Yes. Writing down the second witness, yes. Yes, one person writes down the idea, the second one should see this. should say that yes, it happened at the time of the messengers on allow us.

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Now they were able to do that, as I told you, they didn't have it already memorized the Quran, so he knows already what he's doing, but he needed witnesses. Now, he said they draw the line. He said we were able to do that to all the IR except for one eye. Only one.

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They saw it written with one man

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but he did not have a witness.

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This is the last day of Surah tober Nakata, Jakob Rasulo Memphis eccomas is not a monotone Harris not a convener of the interval a focus has to be Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Toka to horrible Asha. Only this ayah was not their

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only one companion, what do they do? That companion? He had a unique quality. His name is Jose Maria de la Juan, Jose man, the only companion the prophet SAW Selim

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approved his testimony as the testimony of two people.

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That was the only companion and there is a story behind that. Once the prophet SAW Selim.

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Long one of the bedrooms, something and that made when he denied it.

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So he thought the prophet SAW Selim, you did not give me anything. Do you have any witness? And Jose man was passing by. So Jose Matata man, yes, I am a witness that he gave it to you. Buffett said and gave it to you. So the man now admitted it. And he gave it back to the messenger of science Allah. prophets also told me you were not there? How do you testify on something you did not see. Jose ma said, O Messenger of Allah, I testify on something greater, I testify that you deliver the message from heaven to us. So how could I not trust you in something like that? So the prophets of Salaam told him, your testimony is the worth of the testimony of two people.

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So from that time, all the companions knew that Jose Manuel de la on he had this quality. So there was no problem and they added the last, I have sorted the tower. And by that all the Quran was compiled in one book. So every area first of all, they've been separated all day long. He himself memorized the Quran, because he himself said, we lost this idea, we could not find it with anyone else. That means you already know it. But he could not add it. Unless there there are witnesses hoceima came and he's the only one they needed another one. They did not find anyone but it was enough. Because Jose Manuel de la Juan, it was sufficient that his testimony is the words of two

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people. So that's how the Quran was compiled entirely in one book.

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Nothing changed from the time of the messenger Salah, except they had now one copy of the Quran. So it was preserved it was there. Now the rest of the people, like every muscle group, the last one he had, he had the Quran, but his Quran was kept for himself. And there are a few differences between the Quran of him so there'll be a lot one and the Quran that was written at the time of abubaker by this committee.

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Now, it is important to understand that the job of this committee was to gather the Quran only. You will hear from some people, especially the Shia, that the job of this committee is to choose which I add, they should add, or which I add they should remove, because they accuse the companions of the messenger sell them that they change the word of Allah, they conceal the command of the Salafi family or the lavon, which did not happen. The job of the committee simply wants to compile the entire Quran in one book with the witnesses. Their job was not to choose, they don't have the choice. They are not qualified to choose this I will be added and this I will be removed they cannot

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do that. It is a major sin to conceal the knowledge to remove one I have the book of Allah subhanaw taala so their job was simply to compile the Quran. And that's what they did.

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The copy of the Quran was preserved, but people used to keep reciting their own ways. Now we know the Quran was revealed on seven different styles. There are 10 different paragraphs. So people used to read the Quran.

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in different ways,

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during the time of the messenger size, and after his death at the time of our worker, that was not an issue of the worker, the alarm died. He had this copy. The copy was with a robot Curatola one worker, the long died, where did the copy go?

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between two or more of the lawn,

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the lawn did not do anything

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is khilafah was for 10 years, nothing happened, nothing changed. But then, when O'Meara Dylan was stabbed, and he was killed, this copy was sent, and it was kept with hafsa delana why hafsa hafsa was the daughter of former

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and she was the wife of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. So the Quran in one of the stages was kept with a woman.

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Now some sisters, they like to mention this because this is another that the Quran was not kept with the man it was kept with the woman which was half sort of the llama for a long time. At the time of Earth man, there was a very important incident that happened and bonnet. The Companions had to react quickly.

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At the time of us, man, are they further along one was in Armenia, Armenia is a place in

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Soviet Union nowadays, in Russia,

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north east of Asia. They further along was there and he noticed one of the people reading the Quran working on hija Allah Mata Lila

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and complete Hajj and Umrah for the sake of Allah. Another man was reading the same as what Tim would have Julie I'm gonna tell bait and perfect the Hajj and Umrah that you perform to the house of Allah. So we have to Allah the law and we have to the house of Allah. Now this is different.

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And they started arguing, which is very dangerous, they are not arguing about a verdict about a ruling, they are arguing about an idea from the book of Allah subhanaw taala. So they further along went quickly to us man, he told him you have to do something to stop this.

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People should I agree on one style of presentation or on one way because now they are accusing each other that this is different. This is different. At the time of the messenger asylum. There was no problem because they knew that they knew that jabril la Salam came to the messenger Salaam and they told him tell your oma your nation to recite the Quran. According to the ways they want.

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It was made easier first he told him one way when the prophets I said I'm told jabril they cannot you have to increase me. And then I said I'm told them two styles two ways until he reached seven styles. Anyway, they read the Quran it will be accepted. So the companions knew that. But now after two generations, the generation of a worker generation of farmers now they are in the generation of Nando de la one. People did not know that. So they started accusing each other. You don't know how to read the Quran, you you are ignorant or even you are Kaffir you are changing the words of Allah, because we believe that will ever change one area of the book of Allah is this believer.

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So what's the solution? This man quickly called on hafsa, or the Alon, he asked her to give them the copy that was written at the time.

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And he called on Zed again, they they've been therethrough their loved one. So now they have the copy, which was written at the time of a worker of the lawn and they have the chief of the committee say they've been sabbat he talks with heritor the lawn your job now is to

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copy again. This Quran

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so just like copying the Quran again, photocopying the Quran. That was the job of that committee. And they write they wrote, according to a narration, six copies, six more copies. According to another narration, five more copies. These copies what happened, it was sent to the different regions of the Islamic State. One copy was sent to

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Iraq, one copy was sent to Mecca. One copy was sent to a sham, one copy was sent to Egypt.

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And there is one copy. They argued whether it was sent to Yemen or not. So they sent these copies and they kept the original copy it was kept

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with us man or their loved one or with half song

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but they did something extra which is very

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Important after they wrote the copy of the Quran, after they wrote the extra copies, they asked everyone else who has something different than this copy, to destroy it to get rid of it to burn it. It was not allowed anymore to read according to any different thing, which is not written here. Why? Now, when the committee was established, they didn't have the lawn, shampoo inside the glass and the others. They were from Croatia, there are some differences. So a smell of the lawn told them anything that you have difference in it, you write it according to the language, the the that dialect of Quraysh. So that's what happened.

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In a matter of dispute, you write it according to koresh. That's what they did. But the difficult thing was to forbid other people from reading according to other styles, and actually, some companions. They oppose that.

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Like even Assad rather than in Iraq, he said, How come you want me to get ready to burn my copy of the Quran, which I read entirely to the prophets, I seldom I recited my entire Quran to the prophet SAW Selim. So he refused. But of course, all other currents, they were burnt,

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they were unexist anymore.

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After some time, he regretted and he stood on the member and he said, I admit that this is better. Now it was through with my soul brother and he has all right to keep his coffee because again, the prophet SAW said and approved it. But later on, people will not know they will say which one is the Quran, this one or that one? There is maybe difference in one if there is a difference in one word, so what do they do? So I will miss out for the sake of unity, he knew that this is the best for Muslims. That's what happened.

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All other copies were

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were destroyed

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from now on the Muslims

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united on one copy, this happened at the time of a sign of the law.

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And we had the Quran preserved now at the time of Fatima until now, all the the the the currents that are written nowadays, they call them must have enough money, the ultimate scripture What do they mean by this script of us man of the land, because the script of Earth man, it includes the 10 different karats and we will discuss this further inshallah in the class about the different karate the karate Matata, which will be next week, inshallah, we will discuss it. But now, I just want you to know that, at the time of the long one Quran was was preserved again, another step of preserving the Quran, it is only What's the difference? Now, if you're asked, What's the difference between

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what happened at the time of a worker, and at the time of birth man.

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There was not much difference actually, at the time former worker, they just had everything. And they gathered it in one book. That's all what they did. At the time of man, they had that copy, which was written at the time from a worker and they made other copies from it. But the real difference was, people were not allowed anymore to read according to anything which is not in this copy, which is not in the master copy the copy that they had two witnesses on it, because maybe the prophets are seldom taught you one ayah according to one style, but he did not teach it to other companions. So maybe this ayah became abrogated later on, and you think it is not? Maybe this ayah

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for you. You were given this ayah and the prophet SAW Selim gave you meaning of this ayah and you added the meaning. So now you have the idea and you have a meaning. The Quran is only the ayat, the words of Allah subhanaw taala. So we don't know that's why to eliminate any possibility that maybe it's not what people were commanded to read according to one core and must have a German,

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which was the copy

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that was compiled at the time of a worker that was photocopied at the time of man of the law one.

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So that's the real difference between the time of our worker and the time of Fatima. The same committee they did when Sabbath or the Lord took care of that, at the first time. He had to ask people, he had to see witnesses. Now he doesn't need he has the copy. And he needed to do photocopies.

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Now at the time of the messenger science lm and at the time of the whole affair, and later on, when they used to write

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They did not have vowels, they did not have the dots. Like in Arabic, we know the letter hat,

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ha,

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is blank, there is no dot, whether on the top or in the middle, while in Arabic, it's the same writing, but there is a.on, the top gene, there is a.in, the middle, or in the bottom, if it's at the beginning of the word.

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So they notice that there is a need to do something,

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which is visualization. That's what happened at the

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last use of the philosophy of family or their loved one.

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And the one who did it is called Apple as well as do any

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Apple as well. A duopoly or a D, is one of the successors one of the scholars in the language. He was commanded, instructed by a leader of the long run to do this.

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Not only put the dots, but also the visualization like, yeah, we know the latteria it has one dash on the top, which is called Fattah by ketra, one dash on the bottom. All this happened at the time of failure of the law when it started there.

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So this is the second stage of development. Now remember, this does not pertain only to the origin. It was to the language itself, just like a new technology, just like new technology, people did not know the laptops. They used to have this tubs until laptops came later on. And they did not have scanners. They had photo copiers, and then they had scanners. The same thing, they had the word the word is there, but the visualization was not there. The dots were not there. later on. This happened.

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Some people still they did not accept it. They don't want it. Some people they don't like technology specific thing. They don't like cell phones, they don't want to use them. Other people will use them. So that's why there are manuscripts for the Quran.

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After 200 years and still without the vocalization. Some people did not want it because it's the Quran, it's still the same the word is there, but it doesn't have valorisation other people.

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They accepted it. And actually at the time of earlier of the lawn, and later on, there were two major cities in Iraq. They were competing each other

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especially in the language of Basra and El Kufa and Kufa. Even now whoever studied the language, the grammar in particular, they say this is according to the school of the Kufa. This is according to the school of the buzzer. So, the two schools of thought they were competing each other school of basran School of Kufa. So they said we will use different

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different visualization

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and this difference is existing until this very day

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until our day this difference is existing but some people they don't they don't notice this.

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Now this quarter an

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this Quran is written according to the Koofi school,

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the goofy school because remember we recite according to have an awesome al goofy. There is another school, which is the bursary school.

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Eventually

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the buzzer school vanished, but it was moved to Morocco and West Africa. And nowadays the Moroccans, the Algerians, they write according to the bursary school, even in the Quran, how? I'll give you just one example. Because one time in the masjid a brother came to me and he said, oh, there is a mistake in the Quran. And I told him there is no mistake in the Quran. He said, No, there is a mistake. Allah

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that's how we we write color.

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Now, this is Carla.

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This is Carla. You put two dots

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holla

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This is according to her Kufa coddling foil vasara

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this is Karla. They put one.on the top

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how do we read it? fella? So you think oh, there is a dot missing? No, there is not a dot missing. Especially I don't know if we have a copy. We don't have a copy here. There is a famous copy

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the Spanish translation of the Quran in the red covering. Have you ever seen that that copy the Spanish Quran. The script in Arabic is mentioned on the right and then the Spanish translation on the

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left the cover is read, the cover is read it's it's an average copy like that. It is very famous, very common. This copy of the Quran is written according to the school of

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Basra.

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This is for them parlor furla for them, what do they do, they put the dots on the bottom,

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they put the dots on the bottom.

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So now you see what's going on here. That's how they write it. So again, as I told you, it's just like different technology. Some people like that this way other people did not like it this way. And they wanted to compete, they wanted to distinguish themselves. So that's what they had. Again, they didn't change the word itself, the word is there. But the way you put the visualization is different. So that's only what happened at that time.

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That's what happened at that time. And as I told you, until now, it is existed. Therefore, if you receive an official letter from Morocco, in Arabic, you may be confused. However, actually nowadays, they they did not do that anymore. Everybody is writing the same way in, in official letters correspondence, except the Quran, they did not change it yet, which is better actually to be changed. So all the Quran will be according to one verbalization This should should be done. But until now, it's not done. They did that for other things in the language. Now they, they write the same way we write.

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So this happened later on. And of course,

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afterwards, people, once they memorize the Quran,

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once they

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saw the copy that was sent to them to the mosque is to a sham or to to Mecca to Iraq, they started making copies of the master copy that was sent there. And later on the Quran came to us this way. Now the same Quran, this Quran we have, it is the same exact words from the time of man or the alarm, which means it is from the time of our worker, it is the same exact words from the time of the messengers are silent, and there are very old copies

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very old manuscripts from that time.

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We have very old manuscripts go back all the way to 100 year of Phaedra also.

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So this is an evidence that the Quran is preserved. But even if we don't have the copy, we don't care. Because we have the memorization of the Quran. The Quran was never lost, whether by script or by memorization, we have people who memorize the Quran, and they took it from their shoe and their shoe testify they they took it from their shoe all the way to the messenger sallallahu sallam. So it was preserved in two ways, by script, the scripture writing and by the memorization, but again, that's the answer for the question how this Quran came to us through this process. Now at the time of the whole affair of dassie dynasty, dynasty and later on, they used to like the Quran and honor

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it in writing. They wanted to show off sometimes they they wrote the Quran with gold with gold plated words

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and they pay a lot just to beautify the Quran and put few things around. And these again, these manuscripts are there until now you have it.

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So there are many copies of the Quran.

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But the original one was preserved by memorization and by script.

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So that's how the Quran came to us. And with this inshallah, we will end our session how to solo Solomon and Mohammed