Umar Farooq – The Four Caliphs – part 16

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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chiffon jeans

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hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen hamdu lillahi Islam Houma la Cubana de man at hamdu lillahi Kareena shaqiri 100 Fini Allahu

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wa salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ma. Allah Allah Allah Allah, Allah Allah. Allah

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Dini are open anime

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manga Rahim. We continue sha Allah on the biography of the second successor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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Allahu Allah, may Allah be pleased with him and the rest of the Sahaba around the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And we gotten to the point where we were studying the conquest, the, the way that the Muslim armies spread justice, mercy of Islam all over the world, and lifted the oppression of these the Caesars, the chaos, and the kisara, the rulers of Persia, and the last session and Hamdulillah, we were able to finish the Battle of Al qadisiya very decisive and very important battle between the Muslim army and the Persian army around the shores of the banks of the Euphrates River in South Iraq. And we know that Bob, when he wrote to set up costs, may Allah be pleased with

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him about the CEA responding to sads letter he said

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that after you finish that, he said, I have received your letter I'm not saying he said, after you finish with this battle, stay where you are, and then know that there is something there is battles after this one this he's telling him that Al qadisiya will now be the last battle it's not over, even if he was victorious in our party see, that was even before the victory of healthcare DC and he said well and

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there is something after this. They Manohar cola who had bought a home that was current Allah gave you your bass that's meaning when when the enemy's fleeing, all you see is their backs. So if I was a current Allah let you do that if I was current, Allah made you victorious over them. fella Tenzin had Takuma muda en su Do not leave until you get into the muda and into the the capital that kisara used in LLR. Which assisted phone is that what's called at that time, they know what Allah in sha Allah, so Allah, Allah will make the ruin of that capital and then basically the ruin of the Persian Empire. After that if you were able to get Alma de

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so sad after he was victorious in Al qadisiya, he waited for two months and he was regrouping he was getting we notify the CEO was was one of the fiercest if not the fiercest Battle of the material of the conquest, and the days of pop and Muslims last 8500 martyrs 8500 people were killed on in the Battle of Al qadisiya, which was the record for that time for you know that the Muslim army sometimes would not even reach 8500 altogether in the sea itself Muslim lost 8500 martyrs so he was a major battle so sad waited for two months to regroup his forces before he advanced to where I'm not asking and then he sent to him again asking maybe I'm gonna change his mind maybe the the battle

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field the the overall situation has changed. And then Omar gave his orders to the army to move to Alabama. And so Muslims started regaining what they you will remember when we were studying before that and within established Muslim control over the means of autonomy over the area between the two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates I forgot, and that was lost before our party. See, because many of the people that had treaties with the Muslims have to preserve their their promises, and they were allies to kisara again. So the first order of business for Saturday and it will cost was to regain control over these areas. So what Sarah did is he started he first moved his army to beyond the

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Euphrates we know a lot of no Kufa before I'll call this he was afraid that the Muslim army may be squeezed between the Persians and the river. But after the party see everything changed. Now Muslims have control over most of the South and the Persian army basically was crushed and outside the sea so I'm not allowed his army to cross

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Euphrates River river and they spread all over Mesopotamia and they have regained control.

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So the next thing was to get into Elena de el Medina in an Arabic basically means the city's not one city but means it's a pool. And the reason is it was not only one city, it was multiple towns and palaces and fortresses that are connected to each other. And it was on both the western shore the western back, and the eastern bank of the Tigris River. And the the main Powers was on the east side it's called east and Medan or SR phone. This is the the historical capital of the Persian Empire. Now with the with the west part of it was called bajo sia which is most of the city most of the the fortresses of El Medina and was on on this Western side. Now the western side is right adjacent to

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miss Tanya, so there is no river to cross for the Muslims armies to get into the western side. And that's why I decided to attack the western side first. The other reason is most of the fortresses war on the west, and he is dead Druid kisara himself was in there, he left his palace now his he had a palace that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself promised that he will be given to the Muslims. It's called a gospel album, the white palace of kisana.

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Now that palace he lifted and he settled in West Medan preparing for about preparing for the Muslim army that was heading his way.

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So he's had his forces spread both places, and himself. He was on the western side waiting for the Muslim armies to come.

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San Ignacio can send him the front of the army which was led by the way and that was the whole reason, one of the heroes of Al qadisiya and he was the commander of the heart of the Muslim army. So sad sent him to start the fighting in West Medan. And they started the siege of Almaden, the Muslim army started the seat. And during the first few battles, the Wagner Hawaii I was fighting fiercely, and he had a shield on him. And in his shield, there was space that his shield was not big enough to cover his entire chest. So his are his advisors has his friend said to her, I wanted to get another shield. Why don't you protect yourself? Well, he said, here's my army facing danger,

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face to face, and you want me to put one shield over top of another shield, looking like I'm a coward I'm trying to hide. He said no ally, if Allah subhanaw taala that ordained martyrdom for me, then that would be what I'm looking for. And there was only one spot and his shield that was opening and the last hunt God ordained that he will be hit with an arrow by in that spot. So his friends came to him his companions came to him and said, Sir, let us take that arrow away from your chest. He said, No, this is what's holding the blood in if you take it away, and this is actually a true medical fat. So if you take it away, I think I will die. Let me continue fighting. Let that arrow

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in. And let me go on and continue and Subhan Allah He continued fighting with the air in his chest until he fell, and he was a martyr at first one of the first martyrs of this battle of El Medina and he was the leader of the army. So these leaders, this commanders of these armies were not behind or not watching what's going to happen to their soldiers. They were in the heart of the heat of battle. They were fighting in front of their soldiers, they were showing them what is that Eli Lalanne ease and what is the struggle for Laila Halo Lockwood entails?

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And after Zahara, martyred yesterday, Jared felt that the battle is not going his way. And he made a strategic move, that he will put the river between him and the Muslims again, and he will use the river, the tigress, Little River, which is very wide. The Muslims called the bar called at sea as wide as it was, and they had no experience when all Muslims have or desert, mostly desert fighters. They really don't have any good experience in fighting over rivers or in crossing rivers. So what he has done, he did is he had boats, he did not have bridges between the West between the East and West. He had many small boats that were carrying the soldiers. So he took all the boats with him

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West and he did not leave any news for the Muslims to cross to the east bank. So that way

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He would use the river as a natural protection to protect his capital and protect his wife palace. At that time instead of not your past and his brother Hashem, they were in there and they were in control over West madang. So now inside knows that the enemy is on the other bank. And there is this wide did huge River. And he has always from the Khalifa from Mr. Pop, he should cross and He should finish the he should take the capital.

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What happened at that time is people from the area from the visit Tanya, Tanya Persian people that saw the mercy of Islam, so the justice of Islam, so how their rulers were treating them and how these quote invaders unquote are treating them with mercifully was just silly. And they their hearts went to the Muslims. And they started coming to side with one suggestion after the other. Some of them even invented those catapults. For the Muslim army, the Muslims had no no good experience in building those catapults that would throw the stones over the wall. So the Persians themselves, were building those for the Muslim armies. And Persian people came to sat and they said, We know a place

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at the river that is shallow, that horses can actually cross. And we use this if we don't have boats, we use this area of the river to cross to the other side.

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Now Muslims were looking at this drifting river and these these white rifting River and they will, they would look and see that this is dangerous. They don't know how to swim. There's people that live in the desert are not good swimmers. What would happen if they fell off the horses? What would happen if they were taken by the current, they were very reluctant to take the advice of the person and yet they did not know this was a trap. This was an ambush. This was something that they were being dragged to do. So sad, settled where the crossing should be. And he wanted to consult. And again it was kind of with the island he slept. And he sold his dream that he was crossing the river

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on his own horse. So he got up in the morning and he thinks this is Oh yeah, this is a dream. That is true from the last panel with Allah This is signal from Allah Subhana Allah for him to do the right thing he's in a way he was making the straw he was making stuff up Allah subhanaw taala should he do this to his own you should the electric army cross the river with no boats. Now this is an army coming as we said out of the desert and not only there are a lot they're asked to be crossing a wide river they're what they're asking there are being asked to cross the river without any means. I mean, they have of course no life jackets they have nothing and their order just to go in into the

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water and get on the other side. So sad said this. To him he was given a speech to his army. He said in the other movie can be heard and he said your your enemies are shielding themselves with this see you stone. This is a word that is used to just to describe how vast how wide this river is.

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una

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una la comida show, he said you cannot go to them. But they have built that they can sneak out and they can come and get you at night and they can come and sneak out they can come this way they can come that way. They have means to cross but you don't have any means to cross. So if you let them regroup, if you let your enemy that was just defeated investment, then regroup and Eastnor in chances are they're gonna attack you. And they will come to you if you don't go to them. So he said we don't have time. We have to go to them one way or the other.

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And he said and I see what are a terminology and to bear the road your head. I do reconvening yeah he come up lanta Sirocco, Virginia, he said as long as you have these good intentions from Allah subhanaw taala and you have pure intentions for the Jihad and therefore was punked out pantalla then go on on your finding before this dude he had come to our hearts before we all these foils and all these treasures that are in captured in less than that and come can come to your heart. As long as the hearts are pure for the life of lust hunter with the added and victory will be on your side. And they say and he said

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to me,

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he said I have determined and I've decided that I am going to cross this river and they said the people said then Allah subhana wa tada has decided what is right for you and what is right for us. So do whatever you need. So even after that decision side was still working in a very, in a very cautious manner, so to speak.

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We shall

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Malaria is a small area. And he was still reluctant that if he goes and puts all the army on that other side, this maybe he made, the army may be ambushed. And then the army will be squeezed between Persians and the river, or whatever happened in the Battle of edges. If we remember the Battle of the bridge of obeyed what happened here again, and the army will perish. So what he did is he got his Delta Force, so to speak. He got his his his chosen one, he chose the platoon that is called karate battle. That's what it was dubbed at that time was the platoon of dangerous a group of people that are known to be the fiercest, most truthful fighters and the Muslim army. He chose 600 of them

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600 out of about 30,000. And his army, these are the best of the best, a few or whatever on the ad is, but that's this is the best he had the 600. And he said, you go over there, you control the eastern back. And whenever you have full control over that, then we will cross. So imagine you are in those 600 people and they are going on basically a definition. They are calling to throw themselves right into the capital of Persia 600 people against many 1000s 10s of 1000s of Persian fighters and they don't know what's on that other band. They don't know what's going on. And the leadership for this was given to awesome and awesome we know he's one of the leaders of

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qadisiya.

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And after awesome crust awesome chose 60 out of the 600 he said you cross first. So he crossed with them and those 60 basically prepared the battlefield and they control the part of the Eastern back then they got the 600 to cross after them. So now the 600 on the on the eastern bank and they started fighting the small

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protection army that is around the Eastern Band and Allah subhanaw taala gives them victory over that. And after that they gave the signal to side of your house that now this bank is safe that now you can come with the rest of the army. So sad with his horse. He goes down there with his car this non horse that that was stolen by Abu Jana and then out of the car, he crosses this river and sapan Allah, the horse goes right into the water and crosses and the Muslim army was watching in astonishment and they cross one after the other and next to sidewalks and manifests crossing with him and he looked and he listened to sad and sad was saying has been a long 1am I lucky LA LA and

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salon De La Jolla,

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la la cadena Valenzuela la who I do what he says why Allah subhana wa Taala will give victory to those who give support who give obedience to Allah Subhana what that will allow the last point Allah will make this religion, Islam, a parent will make a slab superior over other religions. Well as the mother in law do what Allah subhanaw taala will defeat his own enemies. If in Lamia config, he who was a noob, who has an ad, he gave this f that Omar have no hakab repeated over and over again. If there are no sins and the army, then the army should be victorious. He's just telling himself and reminding himself that the Muslim armies are not victorious because they are powerful. They are not

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victorious because they are superior in numbers or equipment over their enemies. They are superior because of this man because of this jihad in the way of our loss. Hannah with that. Islam, Celine Selman, he listened to him and he said to him, he said that Islam studied, Islam is still new in the hearts of people and it's still strong, and and Sandman was prophesied what was was, in a way, a prophesizing that something that Subhan Allah became real. later on. He said goon de la la Mola, who commands on de la la, la, he says, these hearts these people that are filled with a man are less apparent to Allah is less than delivers, serve them, much less than land. He says Allah Subhana

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Allah gave him this way of crossing the rivers. And now we're lucky enough to swell man at the end, but will lie. He said he's making an offer but our last hunter on layer who didn't I mean, who have come out of Hollywood, Florida, he said people will come out of this religion, just like they went into it. Sad said What do you mean? Selman? He says, After Allah Subhana Allah gives Victor

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They will be generations that are awakened. And they they were they were alive and they know nothing but Islam, they came into Islam by birth, and they did not accept it by choice, and in and in their hearts will be weak. And as the man weakens, they would love dunya more. And as we'll take out of this wealth, now they have seen what's going on on the west, the gold, the silk, the palaces, he said, After that goes into the heart of people, a man will be weakened, and and and that will will weaken the grip that you will see today. Sad.

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And after they crossed, and sad and his arms crossed, then they moved into the white palace, and yes, desolate and his people were so astonished and so surprised by the Muslims, that there was no fighting. There was no fighting on the on the west on the eastern bank and and at the white palace. And yes, they did flood immediately, and him and his army and there were no fighting and the offer and the palace. And as the Muslim walked in, and they have seen the white palace from afar, they started making the tech beer and they said this has had them I've done Allahu Allah sudo kawahara sudo This is the promise of Allah Subhana Allah, this is the promise of His Prophet sallallahu

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wasallam now these people this is the year 14th after hijra brothers and sister This is not long ago, only 12 years only only about 11 years ago this same group was besieged in Medina and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was was digging a trench around Medina. And as he was big in the trench, he will say allow

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me to Faris Allahu Akbar Allah, Allah gave me pleasure. And the people were given, so clean the people that have weak Amen, and the hypocrites would laugh. He said, he is this besieged man with these poor people. And he's telling them I was given Persia and he said that I was given the white palace of Israel. They said he's promising them the white palace, and he is about to die here down the trench. And Subhanallah the same people were crossing the fingers. And the same people saw the white palace, and they saw this miracle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam come through, it said, walked into the white palace, and he will say, Allahu Akbar. And how cool is that? Paul Barton

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in Alberta, Canada, hoo ha. And then he made the solid, the solid portfolio to fit when Allah, Allah gives victory to the Muslim army. There is a clicker that the Muslim army prays with the man being the commander of the army, and this is what he recited in this select etc. Has the history of the book history recite and tell us our belaying the shape Anya. Rajiv, can Tara Koonin, Jana

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was

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getting when I met

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a woman, Korean

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American woman worried I was a foreigner watching how many for the gardens and springs they left behind.

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And cornfields and noble buildings, the palaces, at will, and conveniences of life, were in they had taken such a delight. That's was their ends, and we made other people inherit those things. And neither heaven nor Earth should a tear over them, nor were they given the respect again. And that was while a loss of Hannah what the Allah feeds those who reject his his call for for Islam. When the letter of the prophets of Allah Leela celebree, his rock, he tore it apart, and he throw it under his feet. And he said, Bring me this Mohamed, Somalia send them bring me the snare so I will punish him. And when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam heard that he said me Allah tear apart his

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kingdom, and Allah subhanho wa Taala tore apart his kingdom and that was the first major factor after the Battle of Elkhart.

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Putney

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Well, I said, Gohan and DuPont, yes.

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And muda and Muslims had so much treasures, so much wealth that they saw this is the capital of Persia and kisara. Yes, David had no intention of leaving. He did. He still had everything still in there. So the amount of gold the amount of silk the amount of luxury that these Muslims laid eyes on this Sunday.

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They have never seen before. But the books of history report how honest they were how every Muslim soldier did not touch a thing that does not belong to them. And as a Muslim, the history books tells us how people would just loads loads and gold over the donkeys and over the camels and just send it towards Medina and not one of them would leave a piece of gold in their pocket, not one of them will take anything that he is not ordered to take. And as this all reaches Medina prob looks at it. And he this just pile after pile of gold that is coming from from these palaces. And he asked for a man. He said yes, a lot Pablo Malik home. He asked for Soraka Malik no so according to Malik is a Bedouin

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is an AVI that followed the process of olalia sell them on a time of digital and the profits on olalia send them as he was chasing by everybody in our ad at that time for the the the award for the bounty that was over the that was on the head of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, whoever brings Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Dead or Alive will take 100 camel, which was a wolf in Arabia at that time, so SWAPO was following the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and we know the story how his his horse would fall, and fall again and fall again and he could not reach the Prophet sallallahu to sell them. So the Prophet asked Soraka to come. And he said, Yes. Raka What about if you would wear

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the bracelets of kisara one day? And so I said, nice Raka where the bracelets of kisara and the time comes when I'm at a pub with all these gold, and the bracelets of kisser Ah, and the throne of kisara and everything that belongs to kisara was under him and he said yes, rock calm, come Soraka and he said, where those priceless of kisara as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told you one day that you will and show everybody how a loss of Hannah what the Allah makes his miracles come through? And how Allah Subhana Allah Allah fulfills his promises to those who fulfill their obedience and their promises to Allah Subhana what that

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and then he started crying. And they said, Why are you crying a lot. This is a day of celebration. This is a game of joy. This is a day of pleasure. Why are you crying? He said a long he's praying to Allah and nicoma not to have sulekha wanna do? What can have been like a mini or a Chroma alchemy? He said, Wow, you did not give this gold and this silk, your profit. And your profit is truly more beloved to us a new, more close to us a new that you gave them to me? Or Menaka who

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and you did not give?

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This gold did not happen on the days of aboubaker. What can I have been a Kemeny

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live in Oman? Well, I mean, we're close to almost

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20 me, but you gave it to me. That was the vicar and takuna of ITV he returned karate. I said I wasn't the laggard, this may be some type of trap sometimes of a threat of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah. So Allah would love dunya Amma would love gold. He said maybe this is a test. Maybe this is a test of Allah Subhana Allah has sent to me he doesn't see in the gold. Well, he sees it test at trial from a loss of Hannah what the hell and then he continues crying until everybody in that and that gathering started crying for the crying of the of

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Allah be pleased with him. And then he turned to Abdullah Abdullah was the treasurer of the oma at that time. And he said, Send to a lake than a data center who complained to him he said, I swear to you, I asked you about Allah Subhana Allah to Allah to sell all of that, and divided among the Muslims and not leave anything in my house before the evening comes. He said, I don't want any of these treasures to stay in the house of Omar until unless the evening comes.

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The next

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order of business four sides of interview, of course, and the companions that are in charge of fighting the Persians, at that time, wants to control the entire at all and to control.

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Now, those who are good in geography or people are familiar with the geography know that there is a chain of mountains that separates Persia from Iraq. It's called the mountains of zagros. Okay, and Omar said you don't don't go into the mountains he said you just control everything below the mountains don't chase the Persians into their their

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mountainous territories, he was afraid that in the mountains, that the army can be divided, and the army can be swallowed by this hard geography and can be defeated. So he said don't do that. And he gave them permission to control what they have and to continue and they're in their conquest in the area of Allah was Allah why's are called Arab Stan or etc, the different names it's an area just south west of Iran today. And this was it swiped on the on the eastern banks of charcoal out of the of where the two rivers meet together and this was still in the control in the hands of the Persians. And then the areas North a little bit more north. No, that was the code where most of the

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Kurds live today. This area was also in the hands of Persians. So he asked them to feel to this is what I'm talking about. It was it's this area, it's called that was and it is in just right this is today in Iran. And this area is basically a vowel, the mountains start over there. And there is the city of genbu lab and there is the city of n how one ought to have and depends

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on on which culture you belong to, I guess. And then the day ended the capital of Persia is now with the grace of Allah subhanaw taala is in the hands of Muslims. So what happened is the Persians as they were fleeing from an Iraq, they started gathering in this area. Now this is called in some history books, Jeff hula or Jan Lula. Now they started gathering this area and they said, if we are spread in Persia everywhere, then it will be easy for the Muslims to follow us and defeat us when one army after the other but if we gather in this area, then it will be easy for us to invade again. They are trying to regroup and do what they did the first time around as they were able to get the

00:32:07--> 00:32:24

Muslim army out of Mesopotamia. They said, not none is on all is not lost yet. We still have a chance. If we gather again. And Kissel is the dread gave them and leader called Mohan who was one of the leaders of four leaders that we spoke off on on an LRT see,

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so sad sends to her mom, what do I do? I have no orders to go further than medine. Omar gives him a letter saying Go on, and fight them in this area of gelila. So sad, it sends his brother and his brother, his cousin Hashem of North about your costs. And he sends him with only 12,000 fighters to fight those people in genbu law which was which were by the by some accounts around 100,000 of the production armies. So he sends Hashem had been an advocate rock costs that he says was him.

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Now we remember what alpha, alpha is, alpha can do, and Akaka and Hashem. They started fighting around gelila. And then eventually they deceived Angela, and around gender law, the Persian started putting some obstacles and some barriers for the Muslim horses to come in. And the fighting continued around gender law. And the historians counted at different battles, at different battles that happened around the lab for a period of eight months of excuse me of two months. So there are more than one battle a day, sometimes more than one attack, ad attacks AD AD engagements between the Persian army as a Muslim army. Until one night, the Muslims got into a very fierce fighting at night

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that reminded them of the fighting of Yom laylatul Harrier is one of the nights of Al qadisiya, where the fighting continued all night.

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And the cop ha led the army right into the inside the city of jandola and the fighting went into the city and around the city. And as that night, they were counted 100,000 killed Persian fighters for that one particular night. So there was so much fierce fighting on the loss of Hannah what Allah gave victory to the Muslims and the Persian and lost 100,000 fighters and that one particular battle and Allah subhanaw taala gauge and do that. And some historians even say Gen X, or a German, German Arabic means great or big, and they said it was named actually the city was named after that night because there was so much great casualties among the Persians.

00:35:00--> 00:35:46

Sat Nav your car since zero Wi Fi sufian, or use calls via Wi Fi to Mr. Bob, and he to give them the account of what happened. So I'm not going to go on and tell the people what is what happened in these battles and yet started speaking, speaking of telling people what happened in the heroism of these Muslim fighters. And Omar said, Well, I have uncopyable Saqqara, this is a good speaker, and the act turns to him and he said, it's not my speech. It's the act of these heroes that speak for themselves. It's not that I'm a good speaker, this is the truth. This is what really happens. And that was the heroism of Gen, Lula. And there was more more gold and more jewelry even coming to El

00:35:46--> 00:36:00

Medina. And then Omar cries again, and they said, Why are you crying again, and he said, This is too much. This is so much worth. He says, well, law, he might offer law who has a home and let the house

00:36:02--> 00:36:10

he said not know people that Allah subhanaw taala would give so much wealth, unless they start envying each other or started having

00:36:11--> 00:36:28

bitterness to each other. There's so there will be no wealthy people, and there'll be so not wealthy people. And people will be deviating from the message of La Ilaha Illa Ma and why they are really fighting. It's not for that goal. And it's not for that for the diamonds. It's for La ilaha illAllah.

00:36:30--> 00:36:35

After that home Roseanne, we know who the home Roseanne is. He's one of the major

00:36:36--> 00:36:43

leaders in one of the major generals that kiss for hat and kisara gave home Roseanne The mission of protecting

00:36:45--> 00:36:52

his job was to protect this area of law was which is very fruitful, and it is close to our vessel.

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So I heard Amazon started gathering a major army if you imagine if they are controlling us, and if they can cross from the south, from the shop pull out up, then they can trap the Muslims between the Persians from the north and Persians from the south. So this is a major weakness point in this area. So a lot of the fog tells side of Nadella Castaic here of El hermoza This is a priority to conquer a wise and to not leave a danger lurking down here in the south. So

00:37:31--> 00:37:47

I'm our sins to a man of no McLean now one man also is one of the brilliant names that we studied in the second and third stages of Iraq specially with an offender and the time of Apostasy Yes.

00:37:50--> 00:37:57

Good question kisser I don't have to know how one and then we will see later on he will keep moving east.

00:37:58--> 00:38:06

every stage if you look for him, he's more East until he actually gets to the borders of China where he gets killed Subhan Allah.

00:38:08--> 00:38:17

Yeah, well, he got got to China because we will see how we will see how that happens. So Amanda MacLean was the role of the governor over at Kufa.

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And the other period the other city that is important in the fighting of Allah was and a man was asked to leave this army and take it to allow us to fight.

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And the first battle that is called Ron hermas. The battle from hermus happened between a man and a homeless man and Allah subhanho wa Taala gave victory to another man as homeless and was drawn to a city called Festo. And but he was not defeated. He still had a large, large army measuring about 150,000 fighters, and he just was drilled to group and no man had less than 30,000 fighters with him. So he waited on orders of Oman and almost sends him one of the best for how that is known. He was one of the teachers of color and that for some lasallian sanlam told him that you are giving the voice of the EU one of the of the beautiful beauty voices of that wouldn't read the Quran is Abu

00:39:17--> 00:39:59

Salah shot, and he sends out the loose LSR who was in Alberta, to remember the schools of Abu Musa was settled in Basra. He was not only a teacher, he's only also a fighter when the call is for Allah subhana wa Tada. And he goes and he joins in man and pesto. pesto was one of the most important battles of Allah was and that was one of the battles that secure acquired from Islam. But it lasted the siege of pester lasted many months. It lasted long and long time because there was major inequality of forces the person had a huge force, and they basically had nothing to lose. They had to

00:40:00--> 00:40:05

To keep the last stronghold and this area of South Iraq,

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and the fighting continues until

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the Malik was the leader of the heart of the Muslim army on that last day, and he was one of the people that were known that when he prays for Allah subhanho wa Taala, Allah Subhana Allah responds to the prayer of Allah. So people came to Allah on the last day of funding said, Why don't you pray to Allah subhana wa Taala with us to so we can we can finish this battle. And I said, Allah masm home Linda was the kidney. He said, Oh Allah, the feed in for us and take me as a monster. Take me as a marker and Subhan Allah and Bara gets killed. And that night and at home Roseanne was defeated and he fell he left into a castle in the in the, in the city of Festo. Now some Persians came to the

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Muslim army. And they said, the only way to get into the middle of this castle is to get from where the water comes out from basically the drainage of water. So Muslims sneaked in, and they got into the castle and they'd be seized the homeless and inside the his own castle, and homeless and looked up on on a tower to the Muslims. And he said, I have about 100 arrows with me, and I'm the best Archer in Persia.

00:41:28--> 00:41:31

You will not capture me before I keep 100 of you.

00:41:32--> 00:41:39

So come and get me. Some Muslims. Dan said, Well, what do you suggest? I mean, we're not gonna leave you alone. He said, take me through.

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If you take me through Omar, I will give myself to a lot and let Allah pass his judgment over me. You know, he was captured he was even if he kills so many Muslims his gonna die. He said, let me go see the soma and see what maybe I can I can negotiate something with this man. So they say fine, we will take you to Mr. hapa. So he was captured that her son was captured.

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And he was taken to meet up in Almaty.

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He was sent by

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the commander of the Muslims called Abu sobre. One of the commanders have this great battle of destiny. And as they reached Medina, they wanted to see our homes and the way he is. So they brought his crown. They brought his silk garments, they brought his jewelry, and they let them wear all he said were everything that he usually wear in your own days. So he was in this silk and gold and looking like a king. This is Al Hermes, and he is walking into the Medina he's waiting to see the king of those Muslims, the king of those people that are coming to to ruin the Persian Empire. So he expected the palaces of Medina, he expected the gold expect. He sees nothing but little tiny houses

00:43:08--> 00:43:51

built of mud. Then they take them to the masjid. And he's they said, come in and meet Mr. lucapa. He said, I'm out here and this tiny place. I mean, it was made of basically mud and palm trees, leaves. That's what the house msgid was built. And they said yes. So they walk into the masjid and Omar wasn't there. So they asked, Where is our model? They said, well, Omar is close to the masjid from the other side by his house. So I'm homeless and walks in with this people to show him a lot. And they see a man under a palm tree sleeping, and he is covered with an old garments. And he is just taking the rest at noon.

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They said well, there is Omar said we're so there's that man under the three this is our This is our leader. And then he looks at him. And he said there is his God. There is his servants. And they said there is no gods or servants. He just goes to finish prayer and he goes home. He gets tired. He lives under the tree and he sleeps. This is how our lives. And they said, Is he a prophet? He must be a prophet. He said no king is no leaders that look like this. said No, he's not a prophet. But he does what His Prophet told him to do. He follows the acts of his prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:44:33--> 00:44:59

And then at home Roseanne in some history books, he looks at books he looks at and he said at Delta aminta Sangeeta. He said you gave justice so you felt safe so you could sleep comfortably and safely under the three Yama and then they will come up. So I'm on works up and he looks and he sees this gold and so can this crown and all this luxury. He said I will let him in and not

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

says

00:45:02--> 00:45:07

this is this is how people that go to Hellfire look like silicon gold and he said

00:45:08--> 00:45:22

this is how Omar meets his, his his prisoner. And then he said Alhamdulillah Allah, he doesn't live in Islam. He has a wife and hamdulillah broke down this man and his and his company.

00:45:23--> 00:45:49

Yeah, I'm not sure honestly mean that Mr. Cooper has a DNA that he had. You know, he comes from Memorial center. He said to the people around him said he would not get taken by this luxury and this quote, he said, Hold on tight to the guidance of the prophets a lot. He was similar Hold on tight to this religion. See the gold and the silk of this man did not help him. There he is. He is a capture he's captured by the Muslims and he is defeated by the soldiers for loss of Hannah what that

00:45:50--> 00:46:28

so they said do you want to talk to him? He said after I he takes this stuff out after he takes this this out. I will start talking to him. So they bring him a real garment and he takes the goal and he sits down to talk to Mr. Martinez. This is demand that caused the killing of Antara now Mr. Loves Antara he loves those people that died in gelila. And test are he knows that he was in no qadisiya. He knows that this man was many battles against the slab to him. This man has finished this man is gonna have to meet his destiny on the hands of the Muslims and he has to be

00:46:38--> 00:47:21

he said before this Islam deal that you have, as if the live last panel with Allah. Just let us and you have an equal battle. He said several of naccho we would defeat you because a law was not with us and he was not with you. But it seems that with this Islam now Allah is becoming with you so enormous and is trying to understand how are these people defeating him? I said in America left the Mona Lisa TGI Kamata. photokina. But in the days of ignorance, you were united, and we were we were divided. And Allah subhanho wa Taala gave us disunity with Islam, and that we are defeating you.

00:47:22--> 00:47:39

And then he said, What is your excuse? I'm always asking this homeless man. He said What is your excuse? have given the treaty up one after the other every time we have a deal with you. You take the treaty down and you and you betray that the promises.

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He said, I will tell you but I'm afraid you will kill me before I tell you. I can't tell you until you give me a promise that you won't kill me until I tell you so and I said yes. I will not kill you until you three you tell me tell me what it is. He said I can't tell you. I have my mouth is dry. I'm so thirsty. He said well, give them water. Let him Tell me what what his excuses are. Give him a fair hearing before his death. So they brought water to Him and His hands were shaking as he was thinking the water. Um, I said why don't you drink? He said I can't drink I'm afraid you were killing me before I drink.

00:48:20--> 00:48:30

He said I will not kill you before you drink this water. And as he heard that he spilled the water on on on the floor. He said Why didn't you do that? So he wouldn't ever kill me?

00:48:32--> 00:48:37

Because he said you won't kill me until I drink this water now I cannot drink this water.

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He said are you freaking down me? Are you freaking me? He said let's bring the bring the executioner and let him kill this this capture. And I said nomadic was sitting next to him said no don't bring anybody you promised him that you will not kill them. And a promise is a promise until he drinks their water and now he cannot drink this water so he cannot kill him.

00:48:59--> 00:49:40

How's the Muslims when they give the promise? He said so this Catholic picked me well why Catholic cannot pick me. He said why don't you make become a Muslim? and Amazon says eyeshadow Allah Allah Allah Allah, Masha, Donna Mohammed Rasul Allah, he was all along trying to come and just experience what's going on. And then Omar, let him stay in Medina and he stayed in Medina until his time of death. And he was for some of the of the few Persians that that were, that were brought to Medina and would let some of the person leaders commanders that stayed in the Medina Nevada and Subhan, Allah, Allah Subhana, Allah gave guidance to this major enemy of Islam as we saw that before in the

00:49:40--> 00:49:48

days and in the Sierra and in many, many other physicians. So Pamela and that was how an herbalist and become a Muslim. When do we stop?

00:49:53--> 00:49:59

Shall I will probably have to stop now. For the next session, there will be just

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One major battle, which is the Battle of the one, now the Battle of the Highlands, are now happened. It's called central to the conquer the conquest of the conquest. This is the movie The historians called that. So because this was the last straw, this was the final major battle that put pressure down that road brought the Persian Empire down. And it was the how one is in a mountainous area. Now one is in a very difficult terrain that the Muslim army had to struggle tremendously to, to fight this battle and the heroism of two heroes of Islam. And nine of them again, and again. And again, Cobb Lama was very apparent in this particular battle that inshallah we'll go over next time, and

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Sharla will try to conclude the final stage of the conquest of Persia, and Iraq. And with that, we will actually conclude the entire subject of the conquest on the days of Rama, after that inshallah, we will be left from some of the lessons that the amount of no kebab left behind, and some of the legacies of Omar of Maha pop from the Allahu anhu and the rest of the Sahaba, he may ask Allah subhanaw taala to benefit us with this lessons and to make us of those who follow the best of what they hear. And he will hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen somebody has a comment or a question. I think we have maybe two or three minutes in sha Allah before then.

00:51:30--> 00:51:31

Yes, come

00:51:49--> 00:51:49

on.

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Actually, every time I've tried to skip something, somebody catches

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it, there is actually a full chapter about the honesty of Gus, for transport the goal, the security was in the hearts of Muslims side of Nadu across loaded the golden camels, he did not want to send a larger protectorate. And he sent one fifth. And as we know, one fifth of these treasures should go to Medina back to the leadership of the Muslims, for the rest of that is actually divided among the army that fights the battle at that time. So everybody thinks to share and then one fifth of that goes, Dr. Medina. And then

00:52:40--> 00:52:47

Bob looks at this. And he says, the gold reaches him. And as you know, we

00:52:48--> 00:53:15

knew he would not be Sofia, he was the treasurer of the army. So he brings an accounting for what happened and nothing is missing. Now one piece of gold, so Armada looks like this. And this is an October, he said in the old man who has led to a man, the people that can actually deliver these treasures for that one missing piece of gold, are honest through people. And I looked at him and he said after a year,

00:53:16--> 00:53:34

he said, because you're honest, your subjects became honest, and because you are fair, so your subjects became fair. But if you are not dishonest in your subjects, that people that follow you will become dishonest. He said beats because a few of them are that people are following this, this course of action.

00:53:44--> 00:54:28

Yeah, all of that goes after. The question is how the non combatants did the children, the women of the city in all Islamic history, period, always non fighting people, people get treated well, the the the women and the children. Were not taking slaves. That's that's the question out of Persia, they were given the choice to continue on with their life. Most of the peasants that were in Persia, and especially in Iraq were brought back to their land. So they can cultivate and continue to cultivate their land and they will pay either they become Muslims, or they will become or pay the jizya which is the protection tax to the Muslim ummah. And that's how they continued with with the

00:54:28--> 00:54:33

entire conquest of Iraq and Persian and a sham for that matter as well.

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Is that from Alok Henshaw, we will stop here for evaluation. We ask Allah Subhana Allah to teach us the best of our religion, and to continue to help us to study more of this brilliant beautiful history. Amina hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad