Umar Farooq – The Four Caliphs – part 11

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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La vaca

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sha Allah

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at hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah hamdulillah hemmed in us in Yama, Hawaii Cassie uma zita Allahumma alumina and so now in Santa

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Ana element was contadina Bella alameen Allahu Allah. Ideally slum Ada de nica steamy nyla Dini Cara Benjamin era palani y vanetta Philistine Allah Dr. Islami Hina you as Julie slum, WA you Marshall Islam we salon in

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Kenya hour Bellamy

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it's not a matter of him, we continue Sharla on our study of our local pub, may Allah be pleased with him.

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And as I promised for those who were out of town, on the weekend of Memorial Day, we will just go quickly over what we studied Sharla last time, and then we will continue with our subject today.

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As we know

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now I'll be pleased with him to started the conquest starting de fer to have a sham to spread Islam, outside Arabia, and to defend the invasion and the danger that was threatening Islam from outside the Arabian Peninsula.

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And those who are reverting into Islam of the non Muslim the one that were under the domain of the non Muslim to large empires at that time were punished sometimes by death, like what happened to fatwa of Anambra Giovanni, who was killed on the days of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. As we know, Abu Bakr sent four armies to a sham to

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fight the Byzantine amblyomma last

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year's eve of NaVi soufiane and Ameen oma abortive a debt from the Java and he said hard it will lead to an Iraq to fight the Persians.

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And as we know the Byzantines were very aware and alert of this incoming danger from Arabia. And they started getting and gathering huge armies and they are one of their fortress in Syria called pimps and in the mesh as well. And they tried to get their armies closer to the Muslims and they tried to get one Muslim army at the time. However, under the US may Allah be pleased with him had an idea to gather all the Muslim armies and a sham into one unit. So they will be stronger, and they will gather than any other group and in a valley have moved in and Golan Heights and will be done in July, he knew he was outnumbered 10 to 130 1000 Muslim fighters in front of 300,000 Byzantine

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fighters so he sent to stop asking for help. And I'm about to pop since his sharpest arrow in his in his arsenal kind of didn't lead to help this army and Khalid becomes the general commander of this particular army in the Battle of India, which was one of the most important battles that Muslim had in a sham and one of the battle actually that set the stage for the conquest of Sham and Muslims were victorious in this army, and the Byzantines retreated into three major places into an urban into Damascus dimension and to hence and then Omar upon himself gives the directions into his new commander of Aveda Ninja, and he tells him that he needs to start with the mesh with Damascus. And

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we saw how about that ninjalah moved to Damascus with the bulk of the Muslim army. However, he saved a small army to fit him to keep the rear of the Muslim army safe. And then he also attacked and besieged Damascus and Damascus with the grace of Allah Subhana Allah became into the Muslim hands on the 14th year after he dropped and near 636 then the Muslims moved on to film which was one of the very important fortresses of the Byzantine and one of their army bases so to speak, and the Muslims conquered for him as well. And then they moved on caught it and that went to him, um, went to Philistine as we will study in Sharla. Today, today, inshallah, the bin hustler continued to secure

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the rest of the areas east of the Jordan River.

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harlot and Aveda.

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continued on to hence and enhance a commander called plasma, try to do a round about and try to attack the Muslim army and try to recapture Damascus. And Khalid who was very aware sent he as he has met the towser army from France, Holland himself moved on with a small army from a bow Vader's army, and the army was wiped out, and Hamas was besieged. And then hamdulillah filled into felt fallen into the Muslim command. After that call, it continued on North and tokenised rain, and then on to a little holiday, and then on to urahara, which is now in northern Syria, and southern Turkey.

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We continue to try today with the conquest and to have a sham. And we will study what happened to us that army that Aveda ninja sent to a sham to Philistine

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as we left last time, now these areas, and that occupies most of Syria, and Lebanon today is now in the Muslim hand that is shaded in green, the cities of Damascus, hence, serene, and halab in the north, and everything in between. and the Iraq is now to the east. Now between a sham and an Iraq, there is an area that falls between the two rivers, between the Tigris and Euphrates between dejima and I forgot, and this area is very fertile. And it is known as Al Jazeera, because of jazeera arabic means the island and that is basically any land that is surrounded with water. And as fertile land, there's so much water in this area, it's called Al Jazeera. Now, Jazeera was mostly at that

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time, it is this area of focus here with either fall under the Byzantine or under the Persian depends on who is more dominant in these wars. And on the days of this conquest of these two, and Jazeera was a Byzantine land, as we know the last battle between the Byzantine and the Persian, which was on the days of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, the Byzantines were victorious and the area of zera fell under the Byzantine, so Byzantine army, so Eastern, of the new Muslim territory here and at Jazeera and that will come into importance later on in sha Allah. Then Philistine Philistine was very important to the Byzantine for this religious importance for the city of India,

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or what is known today as we are learning to the Muslims in sha Allah or Jerusalem. And this area was governed by a man called a baboon or baboon. He was the most shrew who's the shrewdest, most intelligent general that heraclius had at that time, and he gave him the commander, he made him the general commander of Philistine.

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He was also one of the shrewdest most intelligent commanders that the Muslim army had. And when I was told, well, we have we have a problem and Philistine because there is this. This is this intelligent, and he said this famous word about Counterblast, he said Romina of tabula Rumi, the tabula rasa. He said we have thrown to the baboon of a room with our baboon of an Arab who is Mr. Amber blast, he said, we are we have this match. We have his equal in shrewdness and intelligence in war,

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as well as moved from Damascus on the commands of his general commander of Baden ninjalah, and he moved to an area south of Jerusalem called Janette deed. Actually, it was very important to the Romans. He was the southern gate of Philistine and whoever controls as Nadine will have straight path to I'll call this whoever controls and lived and lived as brother hasn't corrected me it's live or Rhonda at that time will control the northern gates for Jerusalem. So I

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decided to move on to the south and

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Start the battle from a genetic

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and has never been

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a boon had to move his forces to protect that Southern fortress. And he moved a lot of forces This is zooming in. And this is still the 15th year of Hydra, and moved on to deal with the with the huge army. And he secured to perfect an army in both padis and r1 or elige. And the two cities of Alexander Ronda are very close to each other.

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Between

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between Iran and Jerusalem, there are only 18 months. And the Palestinian brothers can correct me if this is wrong.

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No, this is the rumba

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which is very close to a lid. And the blue that and Jerusalem there's about 18 miles or

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so.

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And 15 year after hedra, the Muslim army had to face the Byzantine army and

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I'm allowed glass was, as we know, very shrewd and very intelligent. He has to fight a huge battle. And as Nadine, while those two armies that can attack while he's busy fighting the protection, the protecting army of engineering. So he did a very important thing against this afternoon, he took two brigades out of his army, and he sent one for Jerusalem, and he sent one to Iran. And on those two armies was Mohammed. And I'm honored to be on a blu ray. So he said, You keep them busy. I don't want you to go into the cities because the armies are too small, they can be wiped out easily. He said you just go into some type of commando operations into skirmishes with these armies and keep

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them busy and keep our northern France safe. So no move can hit. I'm up from the back while he is in a very important and very big battle with this.

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And I'm a face the ad and was the last time attalus grace under glass and his armies Muslim brothers were able to take as Nadine and a baboon fled into Jerusalem was a very large part of his army. And they all goes to um to Mohammed Bynum was a he saw this army retreating to let them go, do not face them and withdraw to it. So if the old was was if you see the Byzantine fleeing from it and do not try to intercept move about and come back to it because I'm moving Alas, wanted to keep engineering and as this is Southern ways, and what happened in one night It felt actually with under

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under

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jumpy, jumpy, and he was able to control our homeland. So where is left there is a very huge army inside Jerusalem inside us at that time, Aveda halachah, Dean and yazeed all of them finished their missions and

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gave the commander the commands that all the armies should come to Jerusalem, the last very important city in southern Russia.

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And what happened is, the US moved on to Jerusalem and he they are met with the rest of the Muslim armies of Aden in Java. Holly didn't lead

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and yet he did not disappear. We see this tactic over and over again. When the Muslims have a big battle like the Battle of the mesh, or the Battle of occulus of of Ilia of Jerusalem. They will gather all their smaller armies together and get ready for the big battle.

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Proper he said about a god is nessa la Babu Babu Murphy edge daddy Hector Castillo

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de la Swati alto this and he said of poverty, that the fighting and edge Nadine was as fierce as the fighting of El Yarmouk. So it was not a small battle is one of the major battles of a sham. And if you go into even the non Muslim historic history,

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two books, you will see a Jeanette Dean as one of the landmark battles in Russia.

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Actually, the number was not was not reported and that's why I did not say it. However, it was saying in a full body that it was a very large, very large army. And the Muslim army as we know is about about 40,000. In general. However, the 40,000 were spread and they did not regroup again until Jerusalem.

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And there is no mention of how long the the the battle is, and inshallah we'll try to look it up if I missed it. Yes.

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So, little that the question is how many of the local people join the Muslim army and their battle at this early stage of the tour, there are very few it was mostly the Sahaba and tambourine and and the armies that went up from the Arabian Peninsula. At that time,

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around volute, Jerusalem, the CIF started, what is known as hisako, India or the seeds of India and we know India is the name of a goddess at that time, and that was in the 15th year of hedra. Now, in some references, you will see that it is in the 17th year of hedra. And most references will go into this was the 15th year that is what what goes on about 637 a DC, but most historians think it was the 15th year of Hydra, some of them think it was actually the 17th year after the Hydra Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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the Muslim camp around Jerusalem, which has very high walls, and very well fortified city. And the third day of the siege, the fighting started around Jerusalem. And what the way it started is the Muslim started getting closer to the walls and were showered with arrows from high above into their camps and into their forwards army. And they had to retreat back and that continued back and forth. And the siege of Jerusalem, according to most

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scholars lasted for four months, four months and the Muslims around the walls of Jerusalem, the First Amendment started the battle alone. On the third day, on the 11th day, he was joined by a bit of a Deadman drama Khalid

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Muslim army started gathering around Jerusalem. But yet even with the gathering around Jerusalem, Jerusalem was very well fortified city and defending the city, the Byzantine, they knew they had nothing to lose and they continued their fighting and again the winter King, there was no there were here and they were raised around Jerusalem that is reported by historian and the Muslim with stood their positions and they did not lift the siege of Jerusalem

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was inside Jerusalem. And he wrote to amrapur last he said in the candleberry You're my equal when montefalco we can call me a new among your people is like me in my people. He's saying that let's let's see, when I have some type of intelligent conversation we are we are each other's equal.

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He said well, no he left after finishing and by the end, he said after you won in HIV, you will get nothing else in Philistine you cannot get India you cannot get Jerusalem. That's what Dr. Boone is telling us for a better karma lucky alladhina Macaca Xena. He said Do not be arrogant. Do not let that victory of engineer Dean make you so boastful and proud and make you think you're gonna win. You will find defeat. So go back and spare your armies, the shame of the feet. So I'm write him back. And he said MSR he will fetch the head they'll be read. He said, I am the conqueror. I am the fact that of this land. That is it. I'm not leaving until until you are defeated. He's telling him

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that don't try to scam me out.

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And I gets the letter and he said, No. And this is according to a party. He said, You are not the conqueror of this land. The Conqueror of this land in our scholars is a man named Omar. And

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he said don't claim that you will be the conqueror of of Jerusalem, because the conqueror of Jerusalem, his name is Allah and not Allah. So Allah will ask

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Think about this and he sends to our oven alcopop, may Allah be pleased with him. He said, These people think that you are the one to conquer this place by yourself

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in a different interview, and

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that's sophronius sophronius was the patriarch of Jerusalem, the great patriarch of Jerusalem, and sophronius went and contacted Aveda, in Java. And you see in history when sometimes more than one narration of a story so I'm just reporting the difference. reports in history about the conquest of Jerusalem about the Philistines, and he said that if you let Mr. Bob come to Jerusalem, then we will surrender Jerusalem to him peacefully. Now, they also are tired they knew that were seized, in most difficult situation in the Muslim armies relentless, so they wanted to surrender the city, but they wanted to surrender the city to no to none. But um, our urban alcopop.

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And I'm out of Nepal. May Allah be pleased with him comes from El Medina himself, after sophronius asked for him. And he comes to Jerusalem to have the peaceful surrender of Jerusalem after the fruitless after the futile, fruitless Siege of the city that lasted about four months.

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One of the stories that are reported in history that

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was with his servant Aslam, and he had a donkey that he struggling on, he did not have a fancy ride. And he approached Jerusalem and him and his servant were alternating shifts, who rides and who walks. And as they got close to the city, and it was wintertime, then I'm gonna go out of Nepal said to his servant, it's your turn to get on the donkey. And ask them said, Well, yeah, I mean, you are going into the city victorious as a conqueror, it is better that you would be the one who's writing and I would walk. He said, No American heart knows nothing but justice and fairness. And he said to his servants, no, it is your turn. You get on that donkey and he was leaving his servants who was

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writing on that donkey. And because it was wintertime, it was muddy. The area and his feet was just filled with mud. And he wore his usual clothes that had different patches on it. And as sophronius was walking out to receive

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his bishops telling him, he is not he's on the donkey. And sophronia said, No, he is not on the donkey. He is the man in the mud with for the patches and on his garment. And that's his description in our books is he would walk into Jerusalem, leaving his servants on a donkey with 40 different patches and his own garments. And that's the one that would conquer Jerusalem. And that's just one of the story that was reported. Most important than that is the treaty between Omar of Nepal, and the people of Jerusalem, the Christian of Jerusalem. Now, just to give you an idea about what was going on at that time, Jerusalem was governed by the Byzantine, the Byzantines were suppressing two

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different groups of people, groups of different religion. The first was the real old Christianity of the Unitarian of the Jacobean, early Africa, who did not share the same Trinity views of the Catholic Byzantine, Eastern Byzantine church.

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The other group that the Byzantine wanted to keep out completely of Jerusalem, the Jews. The Jews were not allowed into Jerusalem at that time. And it was very important for the Christians a protection of Jerusalem to not allow Jews in and the treaty goes as follow this malaria Rockman Rahim

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Allah, this is what Abdullah Omar gave me gave India I mean, the the vows and and the treaty and the promises that he is giving the people of India

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foam and then in the emphysema, family him, they are saved upon their own selves and their money, their belongings that the Muslims will go into the city, they will not kill anybody, and they will not take any buddies belonging or money. When he can see him and for their churches, their churches will not be taken away from them. What is from Benny him and their crosses, their crosses will not be broken?

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What's the key we Ha,

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ha, ha ha. He said, Everybody is safe, including the healthy and the sick men and now who like to scan

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them that we will not take their churches and their cathedrals as a place of drilling, or will not ruin their churches and cathedrals. Why don't we talk assuming her? Well, I mean, I used her when I was leaving him, and not even any part of their churches will be taken from them. We will not take any parts of their temples, churches and cathedrals. We will know the people why is that important? That's what sophronius wanted and amount agreed to because when they went into Damascus, the deal was you take half of everything. So they took half of the cathedrals and converted it and your mosque like what happened with the Great Mosque of the mosque of Damascus?

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Well, Kahuna, Allah Dini him, and they will not be comfortable and be no compulsion in religion, nobody, none of them will be forced to change their religion.

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And none of them will be harmed.

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While a rescue movie, yeah, I had an interview. And he said, we will not let the Jews come and inhabit India with you, and that many people will try to take as discrimination of Mr. apob against the Jews. But if people want to study the historical facts, the Christians always thought that the Jews are the allies of the Muslims, because the Muslims have all these treaties with the Jews. And they will let the Jews into Jerusalem because Jerusalem is very important for the Jews. And now since the Muslims are coming, then they will let the Jews come in. But subterraneous wanted to make sure that part of the treaty would be that Jerusalem would stay with the Christians, and none of the

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Jews will be allowed in by the Muslim. So it was actually the the Christians that were afraid that the Muslims will bring the Jews in. So as today's politics may play a role into trying to understand this particular clause, it is the Muslims that were actually protecting the Jews in a sham. And the Christians and the Byzantines were swamped slaughtering vigils at that time.

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And he said,

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This is what the Muslims will guarantee for the people of Jerusalem. Now here's what the people of Jerusalem will guarantee the Muslims one As we

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can see,

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he said they will have to pay the jizya tax like the rest of the people like exactly equal to the rest of the new cities freed by the Muslims.

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Well, I know him and her room

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and they have to expel the Byzantine. And the army, the Byzantine people, the non Jerusalem inhabitants, they have to be expelled they have to leave and the the robbers the criminals they have to leave Jerusalem

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and encourage me home those who leave for me know Allah And let's see, he will not he had no, those who leave peacefully, they are safe with their selves and their money until they reach their destination. This is how warfare can you get than that. So how Allah once upon a time in home,

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in

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history said those who do not want to leave like the Byzantines, that wants to stay the Byzantines are not from Jerusalem, the Byzantine are from Rome from from the the the eastern Byzantine Empire, but those who want to live in Jerusalem. He said they can but they have to pay the jizya tax and they also will be safe. So there was not it was not ethnic cleansing, it was not leaving. It was who wants to stay, they can stay based on the treaty and they do not want to stay they can leave safely until they get to their destination. Then more than that, when I had them in any

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room

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to see him. Those people of Jerusalem that want to leave with the Roman, they also can leave with the Roman so everybody has a choice to either stay or leave. Whether they are people of India of Jerusalem. of they are Byzantine. I mean this is a treaty that

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That gives so much guaranteed rights to those who are under the seat.

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And he's a

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woman she

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hadn't been home she had.

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He said we will not start taking the tax until the harvest time. He said, people because what people have is what they are saving during that season. So if they start the Muslim start taking the text from them, they'll make them poor or they may have have some hunger of starvation. He said none of the tax will be collected, none of the jizya will be collected until harvest time until you actually have enough. So Pamela, this is how much generosity the Muslims have in their conquest.

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While mfe haven't kita Dr. Pillai was in Matura. Sula was limited who left a little more money. He said, I give you my vows, the vow the the the secured by a loss of Hannah with Allah, and secure by his profits, and secured by the whole affair by the by the successes of the Prophet and secured by the promise and the value of the rest of notman.

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As long as you pay your own jizya then this treaty is ongoing and it will be valid. We'll show you the electronic and the witnesses upon this highly dependent valued house.

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of them will be Sophia the witnesses were Khalid Ahmed Abdul Rahman, Al and Wailea bin Abu Sufyan, waka, Baba habra, Sen, Hamza, Tasha, and in this particular text from a robbery, the conquest of Jerusalem wise on the 15th year of Hendra, as according to most accounts

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sapan Elias and this is the most peaceful conquest of Jerusalem that is known in history and Jerusalem, became a Muslim city and inshallah remains a Muslim city to the day of judgment and returns to the Muslims. I mean, 100 day held lalani

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Bob went into Jerusalem and and walked in, and first thing he walked first thing that that the Muslim father, the Conqueror would do is to first establish the salah, and he wanted to establish a Salah in the place that is most sacred and most known for Muslims and the one that is mentioned in the Quran. Subhana Allah vs. Ravi Abdi Nolan mean unless you kill her army Elon Musk gene Upshaw and Lady barrack, now, Allah, Allah, Allah said in the beginning of surah t Misra plays a lot of hands on with data that asalaam made the journey of Isra with his servant, Mohamed Salah Holly you're sending them from the mosque and harem to the masjid to from the general head on to the street and

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Uppsala. And at that time, he was beshara. It was Black Friday was a promise from our last panel to Allah that Allah will give the Muslims this place. It was not a Masjid at that time. But Allah, Allah called at the masjid, and we know that that's the place that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prayed and spayed Salah on the night of El Mirage with the rest of the prophets and messengers of loss of Hannah with God. So the first thing I'm going to do is to walk and find the place of elementary, the Luxor and economy a solid to make the solid

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at that time, and I put this picture because most people when they hear off the left side, they have their image, this particular image of this golden dome, and this particular question in their mind, but this is not the message Alex, this is Miss Judd asaka This is the mask of the rock and I will go over that as a lot of Bob was led to this place he wanted to know where LSU the locks was. Now there's been a lot saw is in the area called and how long a Sharif.

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Now if you see this is Jerusalem, the blessings city, sacred city and this is the sacred sanctuary this entire

00:34:37--> 00:34:57

place is the Haram al Sharif. The entire place is the hallowmas study. And this particular place when we have this golden dome is where a soccer was the rock. So what's the story of this rock? This rock was sacred. This is a sacred rock mostly to the Jews. And this is the

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the color of the Jews.

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They will this is where May Allah alayhi salam,

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according to their own revelation and religion and and beliefs were Yaqoob spoke to Allah subhanho wa Taala so this was the most sacred spot for them at that time.

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And the Romans the Byzantine, as they were the enemies of the Jews, they made this place a dumpster. So they would throw the garbage and ended the animals and they make this place as filthy and as as humiliated as possible to humiliate the Jews as well as the Jews will pray or or move into their kubla that's what they will be forwarding that's what they will be facing facing the garbage.

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So Mr. Pop came to this place and he saw all of this garbage and dirt and and all of that and he started cleaning and everybody started cleaning with him and he respected the the place as much as any Muslim and believer woods and he cleaned that area of a soccer and then he wanted after cleaning the place he wanted to make the Salah

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with him was cap and CAD Karbala bar as you will know and cap of he was known as cab of the rabbi's because he was a Jewish rabbi. And then he became a Muslim and we know the story of God. When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to Medina, cab went to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he said you are the one that we know his description, like we know our own children, and I bear witness that there is no God but Allah Subhana Allah, Allah and you are Mohammed is prophet. He said, Tell the Jews, you are a rabbi, you are a scholar. He said, No, I will show you what the rest of the rabbis will do. He said Hide me and bring him in and ask him about me. So I can hint with the

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Prophet sallahu wa sallam was and the rabbi's came and he said now let the community cap. What do you say about cap? Yes, he said they said Sharif una wobbu Sharif and I will say you do now why Brunei? He said he has the honor of the honorable the elite of the elite and the scholar of the scholars. You have nobody better than cat. And then the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said oh jelenia can come up cat and cat went out and he said shabu La ilaha illAllah

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Muhammadan rasul Allah wa. So the Jews, the rabbis that were there, they said, well, the movie now what's FPV? Now what did he say? He said, He is the lowest of the low, he is the most ignorant of ignorance. So immediately change their view, this is cap, who came with

00:37:54--> 00:38:15

me to this place who he knew well from the studies of the Jewish religion that he was on and almost said, Where do we play? Where do we make solar and cap said spray behind the rock? So you made this a South By the way, so he said, You pray behind the rock, and you will face

00:38:16--> 00:39:05

the Kaaba and, and the cab wanted to have some respect for the rock as the rock will be in front of them. And then Mr. Todd said, Yep, La Jolla, California who do you son of the Jewish you are coming to get me closer to the Jewish religion, then and then said no in front of it. Suddenly hypersomnia Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said I will pray were the prophets of Allah wa to send and pray for in l&l. Surah Sajid he said for the Muslims is the front of the masjid it's not we're not going to make the kubla in the middle or the hub in the middle we have the front of the middle and this is what is called as Omar the place of selector Omar or what is today known as administered up

00:39:05--> 00:39:13

saw at the mosque and uxarmy Allah return it safely and to the Muslims hand and inshallah

00:39:14--> 00:39:23

So Mr. Bob takes the dirt and clean the area. And he made the comment of Sala in administered aleksa. Yes,

00:39:29--> 00:40:00

de la cara de The other important for the Muslim is some scholars say that's where the Prophet sallallahu wasallam started this sent to heavens, this is where the Mirage then arrived to me is the ladder in Arabic, if you go to the root of the of the word means the ladder is the place of ascension. And that's where the most scholars said been from that place after the Prophet sallallahu wasallam finishing finished prayer and he went on and he started his ascension to heaven from this particular walk. So this was

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

Only it's not only important for the Jewish religion it's very important for the Muslims for that particular reason as well

00:40:12--> 00:40:57

as the masjid a lot size as a saint as a sacred area as well. Yes, the Pamela This is one of the of the most important massages that last honkala put to mankind I'm always pumped, Allah knows that only knows how ancient and how old this has been a sacred and and place for the worship of Allah subhanaw taala and Islam is none but a continuation of the same message and the same revelation of Allah subhanaw taala just before I take more questions, just about a blue cup, Bob moved on and went to to the churches was sophronius to visit some of the churches of the Christians and of the area. And the solid came while he was in, in the church that is well, very well respected by the by the

00:40:57--> 00:41:40

Christians known as camisa lpm. And the Salah time came, and I was invited to make Salah in the church and almost said no, I will do it outside the church, as he just signed this treaty saying that we will not take any parts of your church for me and the people behind me. He said the Muslims after me will come and they will say who now some drama here where I'm afraid here where I'm not peaceful and they will take that from you. They will take part of this church and will convert it into a miscut so he went outside the church and he made solid there and to those stands msgid and a codicil Sharif known as Miss geoderma what I'm about to pop around the Allahu anhu made his Salah

00:41:40--> 00:41:42

outside Jerusalem, I suppose.

00:41:44--> 00:41:45

Here

00:41:46--> 00:42:23

this is very weak story that the rock tried to follow the Prophet sallallahu wasallam we know the miracles of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam are not sensible miracles. The miracle is what we read short lived three days the Quran, Karim is this revelation, this religion that continued to be what it is, for the last 14 124 years from the the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And the followers following the same teaching of the without deviation without changing from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam This is the miracle of Islam. Allahu Allah. Allah knows best Yes.

00:42:25--> 00:42:27

That happened in Mecca.

00:42:28--> 00:42:31

Jerusalem, correct me when he was right there, right.

00:42:34--> 00:42:35

Right there Western.

00:42:38--> 00:42:48

Yes, it's called the Bible. By the way. This has been known for a long as the wall of Iraq, the right of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam, the Jews call it the Wailing Wall.

00:42:52--> 00:43:01

That's that's the children activity is what I was talking about when Ahmad was visiting and he walked outside and he made the salah and still a Christian play still today.

00:43:03--> 00:43:05

Allah knows best nobody knows

00:43:07--> 00:43:53

or knows best. So inshallah we continue on. Now, Jerusalem, after Jerusalem became the Muslim city, the entire areas of Philistine are done Lebanon today and most of Syria became under the Muslim rule. And Subhana Allah that was around the 17th maximum almost scholars agree that that was at the 17th year of address 639 ad commandeer now, then Jazeera stayed in, as we said that that would be an important issue later on is the area of Iran. There's some there's a city that the stand today called Iraq and Syria. And that was one of the places that the Roman the Byzantine, gathered their army.

00:43:54--> 00:43:58

And as the Muslim army is busy in the south,

00:43:59--> 00:44:12

most Muslim armies in the south that was the golden opportunity to attack and counter attack into a shop. And what they did is they went and went into house.

00:44:13--> 00:44:33

Aveda ninja was enhance at that time, as he was trying to lead operations in a sham. And he saw this huge Byzantine army coming from Iraq into house to occupy to take homeless again.

00:44:34--> 00:44:59

And he did not know what to do. If he stayed in there that he would sacrifice all the small army that was with him as most the bulk of the Muslim army was in the south and Aveda was in hims. And we know the Muslim army did not increase. It's the same 40 to 45,000 people that were in that area, but now it's a huge area that they have to spread and protect. So

00:45:00--> 00:45:17

By by just simple math, the army in every single new city is actually smaller than the army that went into a sham. So protect to protect each and single city became a more difficult issue in this stage of alfetta.

00:45:18--> 00:45:46

So what did he want to do a little VEDA decided to withdraw from him, he decided to leave him and go to Damascus. Hence his word fortified but not as well fortified, as Damascus as we studied last session, and in Damascus, there is yazeed. And there is more Muslim armies and Damascus, which is easier to defend and easier to regroup. So here's what he wanted to do.

00:45:48--> 00:45:51

he consulted with his companions, and he

00:45:52--> 00:46:03

had been Jovan was with him and him son Omar said do not withdraw, do not leave a place that Allah kind of like Allah gave us victory and gave us conquest and gave us with a feather.

00:46:05--> 00:46:05

And

00:46:06--> 00:46:16

he said, Do not do that as because turning coming back into that city will be much harder than the first conquest of the city.

00:46:17--> 00:47:09

That said, so the power law he was about he said yes, and he tried to hold on and Hamas however, it the armies continued to grow more and continue to to become a real danger that would wipe out the people and helps on the Muslim army and helps and Aveda aprobado wanted to do a tactical withdrawal from hens to Damascus. So what does he do? Listen to this Muslim generosity, Muslim honesty of war, unparalleled in history. When they went to him stay took from him is what they had with the 3d they said they will take the same deal with Damascus if we remember so half of the wealth of hems went to Muslims away that told the army, every single person return everything back to the people of hemps.

00:47:10--> 00:47:25

This is the loop that they took the spoils of war. They said why why should we return it back to them we were victorious. We took this by our war. And he said Abu Zubaydah. He said lay in Berlin, in London.

00:47:27--> 00:48:00

He said this jizya that we take it from them is to protect them. And now we cannot protect them when we withdrawing. So we give it back to them. We give the jizya back we give whatever we take back to the people offense and we withdraw. And then he looked at the people that were Christians at that time. And he said to Allah, Allah, we keep the same treaty between us and you know, geography lancom jiofi He said, If we come back, we will give you the same deal. That's what he's telling them.

00:48:01--> 00:48:28

Why no matter that nallah komamura comma we are giving you your money back because we hate the N na Karina Nakayama como la Nagila Jakob. We don't want to take your money and not protect your country, your city. So here's the list of it's just to give the freedom and protection to the people that have these cities. And he said, Well, I can tell her Arabi. Whenever

00:48:30--> 00:48:38

Elena, he said, I will withdraw to a different land, meaning Damascus, and then I will ask my brother has to come to me for help

00:48:39--> 00:49:22

from manual one, and then I will come back and I will face our enemy and find a foreign Allahu behen. So if we are victorious, again, we'll find Lacombe Allah calm the article, we will give you that treaty. And we will give you that protection back in a lot of Lubrizol unless you don't want it unless you don't want that protection. This we couldn't predict you once that you have the right to refuse our protection again. See that? He said, we offer that protection, you accepted it, and you paid for it and we let you down. So if you don't, if you come back again and you don't want it then you are free to refuse that. This is how generous this this conqueror and this Muslim is. And he

00:49:22--> 00:49:27

left people from homeless to dementia and the people of homeless as noted in

00:49:28--> 00:49:59

poverty. They started saying Allahu elayna May Allah send you back the Muslims they want they don't want the Christian army their questions. They don't want the Byzantines to come in he said our Docomo wha hoo Elena. Allah Allahu La Nina can we undo coonan Amina room, those who will govern us from the room May Allah Kherson while I can will lie low caribou home Mara Alena polyakova sobre una una parte de la La Nina he said the Byzantine Rhonda robbed us took as much

00:50:00--> 00:50:12

as they can, before they left, here you are returning the money back to us. When the Byzantine left, they took as much as they could take with them. And you are leaving with what you came in with.

00:50:14--> 00:50:17

When you come to la nanimarquina, la he

00:50:20--> 00:50:45

he said, Your justice, and your government is much more beloved much better to us than the misguidance. And the transgressing the transgression that we were in. And that's why you see the reversion back into a slap was very easy for these people that saw how the Muslims, three of them in hardship and in prosperity and how the Byzantines were treating them.

00:50:47--> 00:51:02

And then they went to a sham. And he settled in a sham in the mosque. And he sent to Mr. Adnan pop. He said, here's what happened. We lost hips. And I want help.

00:51:07--> 00:51:26

And the letters actually are reported, but just for the sake of time, I will not read the whole thing. The bottom line, he said, I said has been a long winded I'm a little keen while we lay in the stream. And here's what happened. And I will ask your advice and your help. Yeah, Alma. So, Bob

00:51:28--> 00:52:18

tries now he was he throws the most ingenious way. Now Sham is now opened again. Hence is the is the middle of a sham. The mesh is next and most of a sham can be attacked from everywhere. And the northern areas of ministry and Takia. And Helen, they all can fall prey to the folding and the progressing Byzantine army, and people will start getting scared. So Bob wanted to handle this situation in the most ingenious way. He let them fortify in Damascus. He has an army fighting the Persian. And now the first time the Muslims were in trouble. See, this is the general commander that doesn't only see the one front, he's handling this entire operation this entire war. And he knows

00:52:18--> 00:52:49

that one of his worst commanders is fighting in Iraq, because one of the 10 that are given the black finding of agenda. So almost since two sides of Naboo are costs and he said here's what happened. Send your armies. Instead of going east. I need you to send them West. I want you to send an army to house an army to Iraq and an army to adjust here. He wanted to fight the Byzantine from their back from their behind. He said he sent

00:52:51--> 00:52:58

to him, he sent so halebidu ID to urraca. And he put the general command in y'all boo, boo,

00:52:59--> 00:53:38

boo, boo, boo send them two inches here. Now the forwarding army of the Byzantine has many people have had Jazeera from the tribes that are allied with the Byzantine robbia and tebu. Most a lot of the fighters of that army were from these two tribes that are settled in and jazeera arabic tribes that has been allied with the Byzantine idea and they move their Christian tribes. So what happened Omar himself with an army from Medina, to ashen, come for another visit to a sham to rescue a boy obey the law and the rest of the Muslim army.

00:53:40--> 00:54:34

And upon the moon, the news that here's what's going on, the Muslims are pushing from every direction into this areas, the people of Libya and left and then went to Iraq to protect their own tribes against the army of Al bouboulina. So that weakened the armies of the Byzantine in the two cities of Iraq and hence and the Muslims attack. The three armies attacked and empties Iraq in Iraq and enhance and did not see battle actually in Syria because the victory became the Muslims before Mr. Fogg and his army and Aveda ninja have to go up north and fight. However, he went and he reached only two and Joelle and height, the Golan Heights, and he reached the area of in Javea and he gave a

00:54:34--> 00:54:59

speech to the Muslim armies and he said, and that very famous speech, which is a long speech, but in the most important section, he said to people, and he was facing people that are not companions that are not Sahaba that most of them are tidy in that I have not seen the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he has given him the final recommendations of former Maha pub and he said as he knew he loves Hobie from Allah Dena Ulu now, he said, Be good to me.

00:55:00--> 00:55:13

companions and then the ones after them for my levena Luna then the ones after them and then said after that as the prophecy of the prophets Allah to send them he said the mayor G. Komen. Yeah before Allah, Yemeni

00:55:15--> 00:55:34

Allah, He said then after them, they will come people that will start given their oath and their swear before somebody even asked them to do Alessia hair that the new session, they will give their testimony before they're asked to they become witnesses. And he said, then he said from an urban income

00:55:36--> 00:55:57

families and in Jamaica, Gemma, he said those who wants to come to the vast wildness of Paradise, let them stay with the jemelle then stay with the bulk of Muslims. And none and that was this recommendation was so important later on on the days of fitness, when I leave Navy pilot and obesity and had their conflicts.

00:55:58--> 00:56:14

The initial farnum and wide wahoo a minute if naini about he said the shaitan tried to target the single single person. And when there are two together then the shaitan will stay away farther. So stay stay together with each other. And then he said well I

00:56:15--> 00:56:41

find Metallica Hama shaitan Do not let a man and a woman be alone because the third one wouldn't be the shape on and the temptation of say your shape on and he said woman can an income. So who has no clue what to say at all for one moment, and as he said, who are happy with their good deeds, and they get sad when they do bad deeds and then they are moment then they are the true believers. And then he met with a boy of a dead ninja.

00:56:43--> 00:56:58

And he asked them he said take us to your house. Aveda. Aveda said, What do you want to do in my house? You're gonna you're gonna just weep in my house said you want to cry in my house. He said let me go into your house. And he went into the house of

00:56:59--> 00:57:10

the governor of this entire territory, the wealth of a sham filled into the lap of aborto VEDA and he walked into the house if appropriate, then he saw nothing. He said Amen. matau was your furniture.

00:57:11--> 00:57:57

He said I don't see better but is about a plate and analog. That's it. That's the house of Aveda. Well, I'm telling you, he said you are the me Aren't you the commander in the Cabal, do you have any foods to feed me? And I went and he brought few break few pieces of bread. That's all he had. And then I started crying. And Aveda said Didn't I tell you that you will weep in my presence? And he said, lay your cat dunia. Dunya culinaria obey the land. He said this live this will this changed all of us. Except you. Yeah, about Aveda, you stayed on the right path of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:58:01--> 00:58:49

And after that the rock hymns and Damascus became fell into the Muslim hands. And the area of Al Jazeera entirely was the last territory in a sham to fall into the Muslims. And now the entire area of a sham from Russia which is this area of what is known today as kealakekua. And to fall asleep in the south into Al Jazeera and the east end to the borders of the Arabian Peninsula in the south became Muslim territories. And we ask Allah, Allah to secure the Muslims in these territories until the day of judgment. I mean, what hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen a long night in Islam a Latina current venger nilanjana bellarine wide Elena satin Allah says you deny our hamara honey, a lot of

00:58:49--> 00:58:59

monster Islam honestly mean wily mo Donna can imitate happy with Dino belani masala la humbleness Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi adjmi

00:59:00--> 00:59:08

Yes, build the masjid upside as you see it as the the one that we thought spoke of let me show you

00:59:09--> 00:59:14

if you mean who build the place where I'm not afraid that was

00:59:15--> 00:59:17

that was the first time

00:59:20--> 00:59:24

this this chakra was built by Abdul Malik and Marwan

00:59:25--> 00:59:27

by Del Mar yet halifa.

00:59:29--> 00:59:29

Yes.

00:59:35--> 00:59:59

Document he wasn't, but and other books. He was one of the people that actually led the, you know, sophronius and one of the things that I was talking and that I that I narrated that Arthur Boone talked to us, but sophronia sent to a Barbadian in July. So his name is mentioned in that particular event and that was an event Kathy if I'm not mistake,

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

He was there. Mahalo one was best.

01:00:04--> 01:00:05

Right?

01:00:06--> 01:00:38

What we spoke about before right he would live like when he was in Allergan, he literally had been lead the army even though he was there, because he was most familiar with the with the fighting and the territory. So when he goes to follow Steen, he left I'ma leave the army although he's the general commander, he left our lead the tactics when he was up and a sham, he would come in the screen for example, he lets Khalid do whatever Khalid wants because Khalid was more experts in that particular field so that was our Vedas way of planning

01:00:47--> 01:01:04

Yeah, that's what I would just say the Nazi battle in either in either one whether when he came to the rescue of hemps or when he went to Jerusalem he did not see battle in that time and the immediate governor of Philadelphia was under blast and we will speak of that and later on

01:01:10--> 01:01:13

with a small caravan servants and a donkey that's what he did

01:01:16--> 01:01:19

it sounds kinda like too many hands just physical loving

01:01:22--> 01:01:28

I wish somebody I don't know exactly does anybody know how what is the dimension of the sanctuary how big it is?

01:01:29--> 01:01:31

Obviously is very very big. But

01:01:32--> 01:01:56

I mean some some especially Western people, they make it they want to make you think that this is the message it is this particular area or that particular area, it's this whole entire thing this is the heart of this is this entire sanctuary This is all administered locks on not one particular spot. This is called masala aroma and this is called mystery of the Sahara right here. But this whole thing is called and Mr. Lawson

01:01:59--> 01:02:00

one fourth of Jerusalem right.

01:02:04--> 01:02:09

I that I really don't know but it's outside the sanctuary. I mean, I don't have a picture of that.

01:02:11--> 01:02:11

Yes.

01:02:14--> 01:02:46

The Rock is under is right above the the rock. Okay. And and it's built by Abdul Malik and Marwan this entire sanctuary is called administered lochside. Like when you talk when you speak of Elvis general Heron, you speak of al Qaeda, or this entire place around it. And this is the same similar feud is you speaking of Elvis to the left sides this entire thing you speak of Al musala where Omar was what is today known as some lenders Good luck outside the prayer place I've mentioned locks is right in the front.

01:02:47--> 01:02:52

And if you and this is where that's where the fire was.

01:02:53--> 01:02:59

And in this particular place, I think it was a fire was in 1968 69.

01:03:03--> 01:03:07

And the 30s right, and then the 16 targeting this area

01:03:30--> 01:03:33

just one thing one last thing before we close is that

01:03:38--> 01:04:23

upside they think of Asakura but it's not it is absolutely not. This is just one portion. I mean, it's like and and the lead investor in Allah Allah has the best you know, like speaking of the green dome, and the Mr. delnevo is that the masjid and never we know it's the entire area. And this particular dome is the Dome of the Rock which is one part of the Luxor which is a huge place to sit I mean as one fourth of all Jerusalem, this is the masjid Lhasa, this whole entire square rectangle and Mr. Black saw the current masala the place of solid now this not the entire place you see the trees and this is all part of the mystery of Luxor and inshallah one day will be built that this

01:04:23--> 01:04:30

built this Muslim there is what is known today as the sun Lana's Good luck sighs the place of prayer and good luck sir.

01:04:33--> 01:04:36

Yeah, yeah this you see this? This is a small dome right there.

01:04:41--> 01:04:59

Just one more thing let me please and inshallah we may have more discussion later on. The final scene of the conquest of a sham was the heraclius. Kaka has had a prophecy when he was in Sham and he said that what if he talked to

01:05:00--> 01:05:34

Abu Sufyan, and he said if you what you are telling me about Mohammed in a long story salatu salam is that if you tell me what you're telling me about Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam is true, then he will own what's under my feet, he will own this place. And it happened. I saw Huracan used to make pilgrimage to Jerusalem to visit the church of Jerusalem, every single year. And every year, he will go back to a customs area to Constantinople. And every time he would look, he would stay up and around the area of Russia.

01:05:35--> 01:05:59

And this is where he does his mountainous area in the north, and he would see Syria, he would see a sharp in front of him and he would every time he would say, I like his salami or Syria. And Syria is actually a name that the Byzantine called a sham. And he would call it Syria. He said, you get my greeting Syria, the slim and what the end look the main key author on

01:06:00--> 01:06:36

that greeting of somebody who's leaving you and not satisfied with you and he's coming back. And this is what he would say to Syria every day until he got this year into Aruba. And he looked at Syria, and he said, and he said, We are Supriya Salaam and lolicon Abadi, he said Salaam greetings to you Syria, greeting we will not see each other again, he knows that the Muslims, this is not temporary, this is coming to stay as that what Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

01:06:38--> 01:07:22

has is the right prophet from Allah subhana wa to Allah, and this religion will conquer and will stay in that in that place. And he looked at at a prisoner of war and he said, Tell me about those soldiers that are fighting us. And the prisoner looked at us and said home for seven and a half vandelay he said they are the horsemen and the daytime and they are the monks at night they are the worshiper at night. May couldn't have even met him in Lebanon. He said they don't steal, they're honest. Whatever if Luna Ellerbee salon they do not cut they do not break in, they always come in peace and permission. And he said, Yeah, Bruna lm and horrible to LA, he said they continue fighting

01:07:22--> 01:08:04

their enemies until they they are victorious. And then again and Allah has said he said that in so Dr. De lam deikun mo Dr. Manhattan, he said if you are through the naval again, on what's under my feet there and he was in northern Syria and of course, only a few years later, Muslims owned most of of the of small a of minor Asia and and and the most of the areas of the Byzantine and later on. Muslims went into Constantinople itself lead led by Mohammed and Fattah al Khalifa and Manny and the Muslims. They were the reason that the Byzantine Empire was no more

01:08:08--> 01:08:40

the same one, the very same one from the name of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and the same one that was defeated by the Muslims in the photo hasha in sha Allah, we will stop here for Alicia and next session inshallah we will speak of Fatou Missa Egypt and Libya. inshallah, what happened on the day of Ramadan. And I apologize for those who did not get the chance to comment or ask their questions, and inshallah we'll start with evangelische edges upon lines.