Lessons In Fiqh 46

Assim Al-Hakeem


Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem


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hamdulillah salat wa salam

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ala mein Dhabi Mohammed Ali he was

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a Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. And welcome to lessons in film.

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Last time, we talked briefly about Hadith number 170. So I believe that we should read it once again,

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merited Abu Zeid, rather Allahu Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, When any of you comes to the mosque, he should look and if he sees impurity, or felt on his sandals or shoes, he should wipe them, and then print them. Now, this hadith tells us that there is a condition of salaat. Here, one of the conditions of salaat, which is

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purity, purity, purity. And we've mentioned before that purity, in the sense, is divided into two, when we talk generally about purity is divided into two sections. The first section is removing the physical impurity, which is then adjusted from the place where I pray from my clothings. And from my body. So it's a physical thing that I should wash it off, I can see it. So this is the first division. The second division is lifting a state that is not physical.

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Lifting this state, it's called hidef can be done either by the total or obligatory bath also, or by performing evolution. And this state comes if a person either has intercourse, in the case of total evolution, or if a female is Miss waiting and she's cured, or after she gives birth, and the bleeding stops, she's pure, she takes this obligatory bath.

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And the other state of impurity which is done by if you make any notification, any of the things that nullify your water, then you have to perform evolution again. So this is bahara. This is what we have how we define taharah by talking about both divisions. Now in this Hadith,

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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used to pray wearing his sandals, or shoes. And the companions used to do this. So in order for you to pray, wearing your sandals or shoes, you have to do something. And what is that? No. We have to see our susurrus analytically or know if it's clean from any from any impurities, because if they have tar, for example on them, can I pray with them?

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You know, tar zipped if there's tar on my shoes, can I pray with them?

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No says no. Helmet says no. Friday, Friday, Friday, Friday night, yes or not? I don't know. You tell me.

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Is it? I think it's

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I think you can probably ask people how do you feel? He says zift so it's the start he knows his life is tarnished. Mustapha Well, everything in and by normal, by default is pure, unless there is something from the Quran and Sunnah that proves it is impure, which means

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it's pure. It's pure Malik is driving towards driving. Okay, what about your sweat? as well? Because the walk with it, you know, originally, so it's sticky. You know, it's sticky. It's just fresh and it's on your soap? Can I pray with it? It's on the phone. Yes. Yes, you can. If it's kind of like the mosque or anything? No, it's not gonna pick them up. So, again, you have to know what are the things that are impure? What are the things that are nudges so that you can determine if I can pray or not. Now there's a difference and it's just very important. There is a difference between the jassa things that are impure and things that are not

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you may have things that are very clean and consider it to be impure. For example,

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a great number of scholars say that alcohol is not just physically, which means that if you have a bottle of perfume, and it's very nice, smells nice. It's considered to be very clean. Yet, in their opinion, it's considered to be vicious, Natasha.

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Now, is this authentic opinion of scholars? No, it's not authentic opinion of scholars that alcohol is not physically impure. This, this means that you can put perfumes

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you can wear your perfume, and pray, there's no problem with that, even if it contains alcohol. And, on the contrary, you could have things that are considered to be not clean. Yet, you can perform modal with, for we always give this example of when you turn on your faucet, and the water comes rusty and dusty. Yes, it's still cold water and how Komala it is still cold water, this is yellowish water. Now, would people drink this?

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No, they say that this is not clean, yet, it's still considered to be water, and you can perform a solution with it. So don't mix things up. Don't mix impurities and adjust that with things that are not clean. They're not necessarily necessarily related. Now,

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this also means that if any of us has any impurities in in the jet set, whether on his clothing or body must not be allowed in the mosque. Because mosque is a holy place, it's a sacred place. Only those who are pure and and capable of performing prayer should only be in there.

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The question that I would like to ask you would be what happens if I entered the mosque with an agenda on my soap on my clothes? And I was not aware of them, or of it. And I performed the prayer. And after I perform the prayer, I found this suggests that this impurity, should I repeat the prayer

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or not? and justify your choice with evidence from the Quran? Or from the sinner? This sounds like a good test. Let's see brother nor

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you have to read it again. Because Because one of the conditions of prayers must be pure. Yes, because the pure is according to the hardest that we have read before. Okay, Fadi. Mother, same opinion. You have to be pure or gray. And in order to be pure, you have to have the both conditions forming occlusion and removal of anything that just doesn't exist on. So I'm not pure so I can pray. Mustafa?

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Yes, purity is a condition. Okay. Well, Malik, well, if we go back to the Hadith, the person there was just on his sandals and jabril told him and he took it off. He didn't stop his pair and redo it. He just took it. He just removed and just completely completed his prayer. So if you find the after the prayer, I don't think you have to do the prayer over again. But in the military have to remove the article that has it on if we can. Okay, Mustafa, I agree with you. I agree with Abu Malik. Muhammad. No, I think he don't have to repeat repeat because, and this that we said that row and Hata

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Rafi and Amati that our nation is excused. Whatever they do out of ignorance, forgetfulness, or mistake.

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Okay. Now,

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what Malik said, and was agreed upon, by with

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by Mustafa, his authentic opinion.

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It was reported that the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam once prayed, congregation wearing his sandals, and all the competitors were wearing this their sandals too, because they wanted to follow the prophet SAW Selim, exactly in everything that he does. And in the middle of the prayer, the prophets of Salaam took off his sandals and put them aside. So the companions immediately took off their sandals and put it aside.

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And when the prophet SAW the finished prayer, he asked them, Why did you take off your sandals?

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during prayer, they said, that's, that's easy. You take it off, we took it off. You are our leader. Whatever.

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You do, we follow you? He told him, the Archangel Gabriel came to me and told me that there is impurity on your sandals. So I immediately took them off.

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So whoever and then he said this Hadith, the prophet SAW Selim said, When any of you comes to the mosque,

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he should look and if he sees impurity or filth on his sandals, he should wipe these and then pray in them. So, this is the origin of the Hadith. Now, scholars said that, if having the jassa, on your body or on your clouds,

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without your knowledge, this does not

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nullify your prayer. Because if it nullifies your prayer, the prophet SAW Selim would have stopped prayer and restarted again, because he had impurities on his standards, which means that it is not

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something that nullifies prayer unless you know it, and you do it intentionally. What about if a person has this impurity, and he knows that he has this impurity on his soap and on his clouds, but he forgot to remove it, and he went into prayer and prayed, and afterwards he remembered that he did not wash it off. Some scholars say that he has to repeat the prayer again. But the general evidence says that no, again if he forgot, if he did not know, it has the same verdict, and he does not have to do them again. Now, we say if he forgot, or he did not know, to remove the impurities, then he is prayer is acceptable. But Mustafa, what happens if he forgot?

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Or he prayed thinking that he has wobble that he has performed the illusion when he did not? So would this be the same thing? And his prayer would be acceptable? No. Why not? Because when there is a pillar of prayer, it's not a pillar of prayer. It's a condition also.

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It's a condition, like removing the impurities.

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So what do you guys think? Yeah, if you suddenly think that he has a take ablution. So he don't have to repeat. But he was dapped.

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That he maybe he is not. It didn't take evolution. So no, then you're talking about the the issue of identity, if he's certain that he performed the solution, but he's not certain that if he has nullified HIS WILL No, this is a different case. I'm talking about the person that went into prayer, thinking that he performed evolution. And after he finished prayer, he remembered that he did not perform evolution. So what do you think Mustafa

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Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam said, if one of you does not have water than his prayer is not accepted. Therefore, if you forget, then you should repeat the prayer. What do you think

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of the same opinions?

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What scholars say? Especially if

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there is a difference between when you are told not to do something and you forget, and when you are told to do something, and you forget, so the things that you're forbidden to do, if you do them unintentionally, due to forgetfulness, or due to ignorance, you don't know that it's not

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acceptable. They there is no problem, whatever was done, was done, and there's no

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thing for you to do. But if you were taught to do something, and you forget it out of forgetfulness, then you have a problem. I'm gonna reiterate on this point, inshallah, just after the break.

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Islam is a comprehensive way of life. It deals with everything. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam wanted to empower people, and he wanted them to feel the responsibility, not just to rely on the state, the companions are of the Allahu taala at home, and in particular, Abubakar Omar Ali. In the beginning, they were not pleased and they were not proud to become the halifa. These days we see the candidates running to become the image. Let me hit state has to provide all inhabitants with the basic needs. It has to fulfill

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They're basic. The main foundations of the Islamic State is to establish justice.

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Hello, and welcome back. Just before the break, we talked about the difference between when a person does not do something out of forgetfulness, though he is ordered to do it. And when he does something he's denied from doing out of forgetfulness. And I give you an example, in hajj, there are things in pilgrimage, there are things that you're not supposed to do. You're not supposed to when in the state of Islam, you're not supposed to put perfumes, you're not supposed to cover your head, you're not supposed to wear shirts or trousers. Now, you're not supposed to, this is mahalo, you are forbidden from doing this. Now, if a person does any of what was mentioned,

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because he forgot, or he did not know the verdict, he did not know it was forbidden. scholars say that he does not have to do anything. He doesn't have to do or pay any thing.

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Because he has the excuse of forgetfulness, and he has the excuse of ignorance. On the contrary, if a person does not perform an obligatory act in hedge, such as powerful word, our farewell paragraph, or does not spend the night in most Delica until the break of dawn, or does not or moves from alpha, before sunset. These are all obligatory things. If he does them out of ignorance, he didn't know. Or he does them because he forgot. He has to slaughter a sheep.

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There's no burden on him at the sight of Allah. He's not sinful, but because he left something that he was supposed to do, he has to slaughter a sheep. Likewise, in prayer. Now one would argue and say that you are ordered to clean your soaps. Well, this is again, philosophy philosophical, because actually you are ordered not to allow dirt, impurities and filth to come into your subs, but you are ordered to perform a pollution. So if you forgot or out of ignorance, allowed impurities to be on your soap or on your body, then this is forgiven. But if you forgot to perform a solution, you are requested to perform it and pray again, the prayers that you prayed while you were not in the state

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of purity. We move on to the following Hadith Hadith number 171.

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What are the alojado? I was messengers for the law and I was sent him said, if all of you steps on filth, on filth, with his two leather socks, then the earth is their purification.

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What do we understand from this hadith? We understand from this hadith that if a person steps on an impurity, then if he makes 10 or 15 more steps, when the soil is clear and clean. This would make the impurity go away. And this is what the prophet SAW Selim by the earth is considered to be its purification.

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And it shows us how easy Islam is because imagine if you stepped on filth or an impurity, and Allah tells you to wash your shoes, that would be difficult because then there are so many times and places that you would step on filth or NASA. And it would not be convenient for every for you that every time you step on something, you wash your shoes again, and on and on and on. The Prophet says no, it's enough. If you walk few more steps, then the soil itself would take this impurity and purify your shoes.

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which also gives us an idea that if you come to a mosque with impurity on your shoes, you can remove this by just rubbing it through or by rubbing it my soil and sand. This does the job you don't have to wash it.

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And this brings us to another point which is

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Do we have to remove impurities with water?

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Mustafa? I think that depends on the impurity. If it's impurity in your clothes, I think you have to remove it by waterbus. If it's impurity on your socks, or in your leather or in your handles, you can just move it moving it on demand. What do you think, Mustafa?

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I agree through God. Okay, Fadi, we don't necessarily have to remove all impurities by water, because there's an evidence that some of the impurities, like, for instance, urine in the mosque was at the time of the Prophet was dry by the sun. Was it?

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No, by the sun? Yes. There was no dress and it was bought by the sun. No, no, that Prophet requested a bucket of water, and it was poured.

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In America, there's Isn't there another evidence that the dogs used to urinate in around the mosque or in the mosque, and by the sun would come? And after a few hours or a couple of days, the it would dry the impurity and it would be allowed for us to pray? And it seems Abdul Malik wants to comment. Yes.

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What the first segment of brother Friday, you know, I agree with him that

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everything has to be done by water. But things are excused.

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Compared to the dogs and all that that's, that's, you know, that's, as you said, early, a couple of programs ago that

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says, The droppings and the leftovers of animals? No, I mean, if a person's house, if, you know, we don't know exactly where something so we're not sure. So that's in restaurants. Because originally, you know, the US love of all this is that's pure, it's all pure, everything, you know, this purity. So you mean that even if the dogs enter the mosque, as long as we're certain, we're not certain that on this spot there is urine of dogs or whatever that is, should be considered to be clean as clean and pure to pray? Well,

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To cut a long story short,

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the authentic opinion of scholars

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says that removing of NASA

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does not depend on water.

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So in this sense, if I have an adjuster on my phone,

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and I put

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soft drinks on my throat, and I wash this Naja with this soft drink, and then the jazz itself is gone, but of course a big stain of my soft drink is there. So can I pray with this soap scholars? Some of them say no, it has to be moved by water. Other scholars said no, it can be removed with any other substance. So what is only needed when you are performing a solution? I cannot bring my tea and perform a solution with my tea. But I can remove filth and impurities with my tea. Because as long as the impurity Is there a present I cannot pray. Now how it moves out how its transformed how it is cleaned. This is another issue. If I can move it without using mortar or with using any other

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substance, then this does the job. It's exactly like when someone cleans himself using toilet paper or stones for example, he did not use water, but he removed the impurities and there is nothing left afterwards. And this shows us a handler that it is easy for us to remove then adjust that and to have one clean, I believe that we have two comments. So we begin with Malik

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Could you please explain the matter about the dogs entering the mosque?

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Now this was reported by some of the companions that the dogs used to go in and out see the mosque at the time of the Prophet So Sam did not have any doors. And it was open in the sense that anybody could enter amendment and sometimes you may have donkeys coming in because it was an open area. The thing is that as long as you're not certain that there is an adjuster, then there is this is okay. A dog by itself is not an adjuster. It's not an impurity that purity is found only in the nose and and the wet areas in his mouth and nose of the dog. Yet no one would say or claim that the dogs used

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Do come and urinate, or defecate and in mosques and companions would look and say, well, tough luck, it's it, we will wait for about a day or two, it will dry off and it's okay. It will not dry off in a day or two, not in a week or two, maybe probably take a month or two after being exposed to the heat of the sun, so it would you know, completely dissolve and, and go.

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This means that there were stray dogs at the time of the prophet SAW Selim. And there was a possibility that they may enter an exit, but no one could claim that there were form of ninja sat and impurities of the dogs and the companions. Let it be. So I hope that this is clarified most often.

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Yes, I wanted to ask about using something that is pure in itself, but not water to remove impurity like using Pepsi to remove impurity as he said, Well, why not? coca cola? wipes? So yes, as I've mentioned, you can use this, see that in removing impurities, the most essential thing is for the impurity to be moved out.

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So if you use water, it does the job. If you use soft drinks, it does your job. If you rub it off, if it's hard, rubbing it off, does the job for you? So

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does this answer your question. You can do this. And this is the choice of shirtless lemon Tamia that removing the filth and impurities, by any means does the job. You don't have to have water to do this. Of course, some scholars say you have to

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does this also include the host? Can you do anything? Now I've made, I made I think I made myself clear, there is a difference between removing impurities. And there's a difference between lifting and hidef. Now, to perform a solution or to perform obligatory bath, you have to have water

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there is no substance that does or take the role of water except when you cannot use water then you do

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the drive pollution using the soy but for removing the filth from the place where I'm praying, for example, if there is urine in the place where I usually pray, and I traveled and I came after one month, it was exposed to the sun. I come the stain is not there. The smell is not there. The taste I'm not going to eat my carpet though, that it has gone it's dissolved. It's disappeared completely. Do I have to wash it again? No, I don't. I can pray

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because there are no characteristics of the jassa no smell, and no color, no taste and so on. And even the color some scholars have their different opinions regarding it. I'm afraid that this is all the time we have for today's program. So inshallah till we meet next time for Manila, or Santa Monica warahmatullahi wabarakatuh