Lessons In Fiqh 33
Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem
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Alhamdulillah wa sallahu wa salam wa barakato also gave me the Vienna Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Jemaine salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. And welcome to lessons in
today's chapter is a new one, which deals with events.
And then means the call for prayer. So, we've studied the times of prayer, we know when the time of prayer starts and when it ends. Now, how would we be able to answer the call for prayer, unless some
something or someone give us this
declaration of prayer declares that it is time for us. This is done by the man and we have a number of Hadith. So I believe that it's best that we start with Hadith 144
merited Abdullah bin Zayed bin Abdullah be robbed of lavon. I mean, appeared to me while I was asleep, and told me to say Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, meaning Allah has the most weight. And he mentioned the oven with Allah with Allahu Akbar, four times without a G. And the karma wants except that karma is solid,
meaning the prayers stood ready to begin. He repeated it twice. He Abdullah said when it was morning, I went to Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he said, it is a true vision
of met added to the end of the bow Hadees the story of beloved statement in the fudger avant
Salatu Salam mininum, meaning prayer is better than sleep. Okay, this headache, we have
a chunk of information and issues that we should deal with. So I appreciated that inshallah, that we try our best to focus, concentrate, and if you have any question, there's no problem in asking, if I have the answers, I'll answer if I don't, I'll simply say, half of the knowledge which is I do not know.
Now, I then, is a form of notification.
it notifies people that it's time to perform prayer. And it is certain statements, certain sentences that are said, in a particular sequence, whenever the time for prayer
is due, and the ruling on it, it is called foreign key fire. It's obligatory,
it's mandatory, providing some of the Muslims do it, then the others will not be required to do it, because then you don't expect every single person in the city to go and perform a van. It's only a handful of people that perform a van and this is enough this is this suffice for the others not to do it. But if there were to be a village or a city, and none of them perform, and then then all the Muslims in that village or city will be sinful, because they have abandoned an obligatory form of worship to Allah azza wa jal now,
before going to the heydays of our beloved Xavier, scholars have different opinions. I'd like to share these opinions with you in regard of which is better
the position of them as then a person who goes further than or the position of Eman the person that leads the prayer. So
most of our What do you think?
Well, I don't know what exact This is.
This is not a fight or verdict. I'm just asking you for an opinion. What's your gut feeling? I always thought that I've been, the person who makes the event was better than Damon, why
Prophet Muhammad wa sallam said in a hadith that people who make then have long necks on, yes, they have long necks on the Day of Judgment. And this is true, but I'm afraid that we have to explain what we mean by long necks because some people said maybe a giraffe has a longer neck. So that would qualify to be and then know this in Arabic, it means that on the Day of Judgment, the people that called for that that are put forward, and they are more honorable than anybody else. But
let's see other people's
let them share their opinions with us Fadi, I think also because the prophets as Adam said, in a hadith we should struggle or battle for the event and not to lead the prayer well let's not struggle or battle because we this is a form of worship, but the Prophet said I sent him that if you knew the reward in it, you would probably make a Korra you know draw straws to know which one to do it you know, it's like lottery or something like of this
sort flip a coin to know to decide I want to do it No, you want to do it. He wants to do it. Let's flip a coin that decides who does it from us.
A biomolecule had something to say yes.
I'm sure that the more evident he is one you know he's better than the man because the man he gets you know, he gets good deeds for the people that came in pray only. Okay. And Professor Amina Hadith he said that every that here's the witnesses that he gives them on Judgement Day. That's true. So that's, you know, money. What else?
Any other? Okay, then what would you guys say? If I say to you, that the Prophet Allah says, I've never ever called the man in his life? Neither did abubaker. Nor Omar, nor Earth, man, nor Ali?
And if it was a better position, then they should have done it. So what do you have to say to this?
family? For instance, they want other people to benefit more than them. It's true, but they wouldn't leave something that was best and and allow people to take it from them. Oh, Malik off. So it depends on every skilled job. And their various You know, every has a different position in the Muslim on. Aquila had a strong voice, powerful voice, maybe the Prophet, you know, didn't have as you know, as high when you first statement was more correct than the other one. Because the prophet SAW said I'm had a good voice has a nicer and better voice, and it would have reached everybody. But the first statement is a correct answer, which is that though, the more I've been which I agree with
you all, the more other than role is better than a man because as a bumalik pointed out, anyone that hears the advan and comes to the mosque, he will have a portion of his reward. So whoever calls people to good things, you share with them, whatever good deeds they do. For example, if I teach you how to pray, whatever you pray, it's credited to me, it goes into my account. So you take your own deeds for your prayer, but because I instructed you, I taught you, I get this reward, which means that the profits get the highest reward of all because all their followers, give them credit to whatever they learned from them. So the admin, whoever comes and answers this call, and prays in the
mosque, whoever hears his event in repeats after him, he will get the reward, although he's not doing anything else. So it's it's far greater role than any other role. But the reason that the prophet SAW Selim did not
call for the for the call for prayer, did not assume the role of Ivan because he already had the role of a man. He had to leave the prayer and it wouldn't be acceptable for him to spend all this time the mosque, making call for call the call of Salah prayer and not to
free his time for his family or for those who asked him because he had the role of a teacher or leader a mom
And so on. So scholars say that the college the forklift, and before them, the profit that I sent had more important business to attend than to call for the event. Though they all agree that the role is very important and central one and this is the choice of shareholders lovin Tamia, ravintola, he said that the only thing that prevented them from calling the event was that they had more important things to look after. Now,
once we know the importance of iodine, it is very strange to find Muslims being ashamed or embarrassed of calling the event. And I think you know, this, you know, there are, a lot of times when we are out in the open or we enter a mosque in the Imam or the den are absent for one reason or the other. And it's time for Salah. We asked the people to go and call for the event. You find lots of them.
Not willing to do that. And and when you ask them, some of them say, I don't know the words, you don't know the words. These are anyone with any Muslim has to know them by heart. Others say I'm ashamed, or
I'm shy, I'm not ashamed. And he's honored to to call for them, but he is shy of doing it. And why is that? Because it has to do with religion. But if you ask them to come on a talk show or to sing a song, or to audit for
idol, Star superstar, whatever, you would find them jumping immediately to contribute. And this is something that one should try to review it. You have to call for the advance because you will gain so much reward from Allah azza wa jal. So it's a matter of you coming forward, not people asking you. And as we've mentioned a while ago, if it was to the people, they would have fought, and tried to flip a coin to decide which one to call for the event rather than someone else taking it. Now, that then, is in Islam
as a notification for what,
for any form of prayer, or for particular set of prayers, nor obligatory prayer, only for the five obligatory prayer. So we don't call for a van. When example if we are in festivals, eight, we don't call for that then in funerals, prayer, only for the five obligatory a prayer. And yes, sir, what about Alan before we buried somebody that
sometimes we see this
what can you give me an example?
Before burying a person or in the mosque? No, no, no. Well, if sometime if you see the barrier,
we listened some some words like that. And
this is also one of the innovations We have hundreds and 1000s of innovative things. When they carrying the dead person, they say what you do, which means c'est la ilaha illa Allah, this is innovation. And, and even the word why they do meaning that said he's one. So why do you do this? Because you want people to see that, you know, hey, Lola, this is innovative, this is not accepted, also when they put them in the grave. And I'm afraid that we have to pause not to bury people but for a short break. So we'll be right back in Sharla.
Back to the Prophet,
join Shaykh Ahmad in the program back to the Prophet, wherein he teaches us practical lessons from the prophets life, and how this can help us to overcome our challenges in the present. We talk about the life example of the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, seeking guidance for ourselves. In the early days after the revelation of the Holy Koran. The Muslims were greatly persecuted, so much so that quite a few Muslims had to leave Arabia and migrate to Africa to live among African Christian people.
Follow the gospel of Christ.
Santa Monica de Lyonne. Welcome back. Coming back to you know, you just before the break, you're saying that people call the I then when they are doing the burial.
And this is not authentic, it's an innovation. And remember, some scholars say that the prayer for funeral itself has no event. And they justify this by saying that a person when a person is born, the sooner that you go to the baby and make a van in his right ear.
This is an hour, five or 10 minutes old baby.
you discern that is you make a van in his right ear so that the first thing he would hear is the name of Allah azza wa jal, and that there is no God, but Allah worthy of being worshipped, and he has no partners. And that the Prophet Mohammed Salim is His Messenger. Now, by saying this, if you have a newborn baby, don't go into a long walk or shout his ear off.
It The sooner is to repeat the event by whispering don't think moist, a couple of minutes old, you're going to get these
horns and and loudspeakers? No, no, you just say
in a very nice, soft sound, so that the first thing he hears is the name of a lot. So should that. And that is why when we when this boy grows up and becomes an adult, and a father or a grandfather, and he dies, when we pray the funeral prayer, we do not make that because we have already made and then at the very beginning, this is one of the things that the scholars say, but it has no evidence. So we cannot say that we don't do this because of that. No, the Sunnah is to make sure that when the
child is born, and the showrunner is not to make it and when we bury children, now there are 1000s of things that are innovative, and they're not in accordance to Islam, regarding burials regarding dying people, and how we wash them, how we carry them, how we bury them, but this is not the appropriate time to go into this go. Any question? Or should I move on? Okay, going on, going back to our subject, how do you have the Lamin z. Now advan is a form of worship, which means that we it has to be done by a person who is who is illegible to do it. This means that if I bring a non Muslim and I asked him to call for the salaat, for prayer, to make that that would be acceptable. Friday?
No, no, why? Because he has to be honest, he has to be a Muslim. If I get a cassette, you know, cassette player, and I turn it on and put it through the loudspeakers. Would this be acceptable Mr. Malik,
it would not be acceptable. kobus is not a particular individual. He is not present. It's a form of worship. So he has to be present.
Why do I say this? Because I know that in some countries, they're trying to make it as a form of legislation, that all the masks will be connected with one
thing and they say why hire one and pay money? Let's get a cassette player and just put it on. And that's it. This is not permissible. It's a form of worship. It has to be performed by a Muslim adult who knows what he is doing. Likewise, I had a couple of questions from brothers in Indonesia and in India, they have this great love to come to Mecca and pray and perform hombre but they don't have the ability they cannot afford it. So they're asking me during the month of Ramadan, they can see the Imam performance prayer and the join taraweeh prayer through their TV screens. And they say it's a voluntary prayer so we can go there. So the least we could do is be with them through the Sarah
channels and I don't know what they do during commercials. But let's assume that they are praying the full taraweeh behind the mmm is this acceptable? The answer is no. Because you have to be in the same area. This is a form of worship. You cannot pray
through mobile phones, if you're on an island, and then you just put on the speaker and say, okay, start prayer and we pray behind a mobile phone or behind an internet and these are all unacceptable. You have to be in the same location, the same Masjid, the same area for you to be able to join the congregation. And so on.
Going back to the Hadith,
it talks about
Is that right, Mustafa?
Yes, it talks about the dream. And what do we have to do with dreams.
The reason behind this hadith was that the companions when they were in Medina, before the event, they didn't know how to call people to the event, to the prayer. So some of them said, Okay, let's take bells, and tall these bells, like the Christians have in their churches. It's nice, Ding Dong, song, everybody could hear this. Others say, No, let's use the horn, which is was used by the Jews at the time. And they had dispute, a dispute among them. And everyone's saying, let's do this, let's do that. And they didn't come to a conclusion. So they went home. Abdullah bin Zayed was one of them. So he slept. And he saw a dream. And in this dream, he was about to buy a bell from a
Christian. And he met a man and this man asked him, What are you going to do? Say, I'm going to buy this belt to call for prayer? So the men told him, don't, I'll teach you something that is better, that is better than this. And he taught him the Atlantic. And there are different versions, whether it is 15 sentences, or more. And we will come to that in Sharla. Later on now, and the Hadith, where we are told that it is not permissible to use the bell. Is that correct? Fadi?
Yeah, I guess so because you're supposed to not copy or imitate the Christians. But there is a hadith specific Hadith that states that the Prophet Allah is of some says that the angels will not accompany any people traveling, if they have a bell with them. Now, it's not any bell. So your doorbell is not like the bell in your mobile. It's not like the bell in your phone. It's not like any other Bell, the bell that it is forbidden for us to use is the same bell that is used in churches, this is forbidden for us to use. And if you have a butler in your house, and you call the butler with this bell, then you should change the bell and take something electronic that would be
better because using this bell is forbidden. The angels do not come in, in the presence of this bell and the angels call Allah and ask Allah for forgiveness for you. So taking the bells is not
acceptable in Islam. Now going back to dreams.
Is it possible that we take our verdicts and Islamic issues from dreams?
Fadi a person. Okay, in Islam, don't we have any
Wait Don't Don't be give any weight to dreams in Islam. Friday. I think it's only he had he had doing effort.
Mustafa? I think in this Hadith, we would take consideration the dream because Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam actually told him that this dream, okay, this is at the time of a prophet. I said, What about if it's in our recent times? No. He has no significance. None whatsoever. Not not in making new forms of worship or introducing any things in religion. Okay, uh, bumalik you have anything to add? I agree with them stuff on, okay. This is true.
Religion is complete.
Islam is complete. So there is no room to add or take out anything from it. Which means that if you go to bed and you see the prophets, Allah Selim in your dream,
and he tells you that, Mustafa, you have been a good Muslim and I
Believe that from now on, you may not pray fudger It's okay, you're exempted from praying fudger prayer. So when you wake up, say, Alhamdulillah, I've got it made, the prophet gave me 20% discount, I have only four prayers to pray. No, this is unacceptable. But I saw the Prophet, even if you have seen the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, this doesn't mean that you can do it, you have to refrain from believing the dreams, but it is
a good sign to see a good dream. For example, if you see someone that has been doing a lot of good in his life, and you see him in your dreams, in gardens of, you know, nice gardens and rivers and water, nice setting, then you give him the good tidings that I've seen you and inshallah you are in general, which is a good time. Now, what about this stream, this stream is a different one, because the Prophet alayhi salatu salam approved it, and also another Companion of the Prophet that is Assam has seen it, and that is
So now you have two that have seen the same dream, you have the Prophet alayhi wa sallam approving it. This means that it has a form of authentication. And that is it, the prophet has approved it so much. So now coming back to dreams. People are engaging themselves in dreams to a large extent. They're obsessed with dreams. So you always find people calling in. Oh, shake, I've seen so and so.
So what you want me to do to explain it for me?
And I have lots of lots of callers calling regarding dreams. And the easiest answer that I know of would be don't eat a lot before you go to bed. Because then you're going to see a lot of weird things. And the Prophet told us that if you see bad things, spit three times on your left, say, I seek refuge in Allah from the shape on Audible or standard regime, and do not tell anyone about it. Why it will not harm you. But if you see a good dream, what should I do for the spit on my right? No, just tell the one the ones that are close to the ones you love. That's the one if you see something that you like, yes, Mustafa. So how would you split? like would you actually like spit?
Well, the spitting itself is not you know, getting it for your mouth and bank especially if your wife is on your left, then you should change your place. Now, splitting is just blowing air in
this matter, nothing comes out. And if things were to come out with just you know, some moist, but not the actual spitting or dipping you know, backward dipping. Now this is not the thing. If you see something that you like, you tell those who you love, because they will interpret it in a nice manner instead of reversing it to you. And as I said, we don't have to rely on dreams. Because we have the facts. We have the Quran. We have the Sunnah, it tells us exactly what we are supposed to do. Our Hadith here was
conveyed to the Prophet that I saw Sarah and he explained it and I'm afraid that this is all the time we have for today's program. inshallah we will go through this hadith again next time we meet to Manila or Santa Monica warahmatullahi wabarakatuh