Lessons In Fiqh 32

Assim Al-Hakeem

Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem

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Topics: Fiqh

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hamdulillah salat wa salam wa barakaatuh de Nabina Muhammad wa wasabia Jemaine Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh and we are welcoming you in lessons in brother. Fadi, what is the book that we're studying as just a reminder? Whoo mom and brother nor do you remember who compiled this book Who wrote it? I remember.

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colony very, very good, even harder. And as palani and we are studying, which which chapter brother Mustapha

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Pierce where we were, that's the bigger times of solder Yes, the times of Salat and Hadith number 138. inshallah will be read by brother Muhammad narrated a number of the Allahumma the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that way light is the redness, okay. Now the Hadeeth itself is not authentic.

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Nevertheless, we have learned through the previous programs, that margaree prayer is marked by bumalik Smart by the sunset, okay that extends to extends to the sunset is gone totally until night breaks in Well, the sunset does not go

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the sunsets by Asia prayer starts when

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gunned down by by the worst the Twilight the redness of the toilet disappears. So this hadith tells us that the toilet is the redness. And this is true, though the Hadith is not authentic. Mother prayer ends when ratio prayer starts. And ratio prayer starts by the disappearance of the redness in the West in the direction of West which is a twilight Hadith number 139.

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Narrated by if not best will do low on Houma, allows messengers from aloha to sell himself said that don't is of two types don't in which eating is forbidden for the fasting person. And prayer is permitted. And the way in which prayer is forbidden. Meaning in the morning prayer and eating is permitted. And hiking reported something similar to the above Hadith from jabber and add it to the type of dawn in which eating is forbidden. It is spread widely in the horizon. And to the other type, it has the shape of a wolf's tail. Okay, now,

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the prophet is telling us is the law to ceram that there are two types of dawn. And they may confuse a person. But before we go on to explain these two types, I think it's relevant that we say, for us, it's difficult to see Don,

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why is that?

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problematic, because they didn't. They didn't have electricity and the new lights of technology that we have these days. So they were able to you know, distinguish the different lights. That's completely true. We live in cities. And with all the electricity and light we have, it makes it almost impossible to distinguish whether it's night or the break of dawn, you cannot tell that. But if you if you're in the open, if you're outdoors, if you're away from your city or village or whatever, and you look into the direction of East, you can see that clearly. Because you have only darkness you have only night. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us that there are two

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types of dawn.

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One is called the lying dawn. It's not the truthful one, and one is the truthful dawn, which is the one we should look for. So the Prophet says that the first one

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which eating is forbidden for the fasting person and the prayer is

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permitted, and this is the truthful non fasting becomes forbidden. The minute the actual dawn breaks fast and fast and fasting becomes obligatory, and you have to fast and prayer is due, it's okay for you to pray. This is the truthful, actual dawn.

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Previous to that about half an hour or an hour earlier, there is the lying dawn. Dawn does not lie, but this one, it camouflages itself, and you are confused and you think it is done. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told us that it looks like the tail of a wolf. How would the tail of a wolf look like?

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Have you ever seen wolves, usually their tails are erect.

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So the Prophet says is awesome that the actual dawn goes horizontal,

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the lying dawn, the one that is not true, goes vertical. And the vertical one comes like half an hour to an hour before the actual dawn, you just see that there's a strip of light horizontally from the ground to the to the to the sky.

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So if you see this, the prophet tells you don't pay any attention to it, you may still eat if you want to fast the following day. And you may not pray morning prayer because it's not time yet. But the minute the actual dawn breaks. And you can see that on the top of mountains or hills, you can see the light because if it's completely dark, towards the east, when the when dawn breaks, you start to begin,

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you start to see the light on the top of the mountains and hills. And it's horizontal, then this is the time where it's forbidden for you to eat or drink if you're fasting, and this is the time for you to perform your fudger prayer. So I hope that this is understood. Now those that are subject but remember that in Ramadan, the fasting month for Muslims, we have to attend for fudger one of them is quite earlier than the other. And the first one is not to indicate that it's time for prayer because if you pray your prayer is not accepted. It just a reminder that within half an hour or an hour, Dawn will break and you have to stop and refrain from eating and drinking. So if you want to do it,

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you can do it now. So it's just a warning message like this annex not actual dawn that comes vertical.

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We move on to hadith of Ibn Abbas. May Allah be pleased with him and with his father Hadeeth 139

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we read that one. Did we yeah 40 now Okay, then had it on 140 Yeah, it was narrowed by him. So there are the low one. Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, one of the best deeds is to offer Salah meaning prayer in his early time. Now this hadith has different versions.

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One of the versions that and this is

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by even miss wrote.

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And even Mr. Wood, used to ask the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, to clarify things. That is why he was one of the knowledgeable companions of the Prophet Allah, so they're all knowledgeable, but he, you know, stands out in the crowd, because he used to ask a lot. And that is why once the Prophet died, that is awesome. He said to his friends and associates and companions, that I have taken 70 plus sutras from the mouth of the Prophet Allah is awesome. I've heard it myself. And this comprises almost two thirds of the Holy Quran. He didn't hear it from someone else, he took it straight from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam because he used to accompany him at all times. So he asked

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the Prophet, what are the best deeds that Allah would like. And this gives us an indication that a Muslim should prioritize his actions, you should set out your priorities, because you don't want to do something and put effort into it and find out that there were other things that were much better and easier to do. And I'll give you an example.

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If you know that prayer is very nice and acceptable in Islam and it's you're rewarded

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Wait, especially taraweeh prayer. But at the same time, the Prophet says sallallahu wasallam, that one Roma, during the month of Ramadan is equivalent to

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pilgrimage with me with him and his Ashram. So the reward is magnified.

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You come all the way you traveled to Mecca, you reach and Harlem. And you find the people at the last 10 days or 10 nights of Ramadan, praying, telawi and 200.

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And you immediately go and make tawaf and sorry for your Amara, while people are praying.

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Now, this guy has done something that is great, which is ombre, the reward is magnificent, which is equal to a pilgrimage with the Prophet nssm. Nevertheless, he has left out something, he has abandoned something that is far greater, due to the fact that the actual time will go. Now if you don't pray with the congregation, you will miss the reward. But if you pray with the congregation and perform afterwards, you've done both. So a lot of people take

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up things that are less in reward. Without prioritizing things, you have to set up your priorities. For another example. It's time to pray, congregational prayer, mahari prayer, and a person says, Well, I'd like to visit my uncle, this is salata, Rahim, he is a relative and I have to visit him because this is obligatory, and he goes and he skips mahari prayer. Now he did something good. But he left out something that was better. So we should set out our priorities. Even Mr. Wood did the same. He went to the Prophet RSL Salaam, and he told him that what are the best deeds, at the sight of Allah azza wa jal, so that I can choose from them. You know, if you tell me that they are the top

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10, one to 10 it's logical that I would not start with 10 start with number one, and go downwards accordingly. So the Prophet said is awesome. The best thing is to pray at the early times of prayer

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in another virgin,

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reported by Muslim, Muslim, the prophet said as Assam is to pray on time, now, on time means from the very beginning till the very last. So you have a large or a big interval, which may spend up to two to three hours. But this specific ID it says that the best thing is to pray on on the early time of the prayer as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to offer salaat and it's early time, which means that immediately after the call for prayer has been called. And we said before that this applies with fudger. This applies with answer. This applies with Margaret. As for longer prayer and summer, it's preferable that you delay it as for a short prayer, it depends on those who are with you. If

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you delay it then hamdulillah it's it's good because they are tolerant and they want to follow the sooner if they have any objection to that then pray it at the very beginning. We have a short break. We'll be right back inshallah.

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Salaam is a comprehensive way of life. It deals with everything. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam wanted to empower people. And he wanted them to feel the responsibility not just to rely on the state

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companions that have the Allahu taala on him. And in particular, Abubakar Omar, this man, Holly. In the beginning, they were not pleased and they were not proud to become the halifa. These days we see the candidates running to become the Nemesis they have to provide all inhabitants with the basic needs. It has to fulfill their basic

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foundations of the Islamic State is to establish justice.

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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah and welcome back. The following Hadith is to be read by brother node

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narrated by Abu Mathura. They won't be pleased with him. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, The earliest time of the prayer is what pleases Allah. To me time is for the mercy of Allah. And the letters is what Allah pattern. Our tirmidhi has reported something similar narrated by Abu Omar, we won't be pleased with him without mentioning without mentioning the mean time. Okay, the Hadith is not authentic. So there is no need to elaborate on it. Whatever you pray, the earliest is the preferred prayer as we mentioned before the break so I think we should go on and move to Hadith number 142. Narrated by abnormal may Allah be pleased with them. Allah's Messenger sallallahu Sallam

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said, there is no salaat meaning the voluntary prayer after the break of dawn except such detain, meaning the sooner fish and other narration Abdelrazik also narrated, there is no salaat meaning the voluntary prayer after the break of dawn except the two sooner rockoff.

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Okay, this hadith comes in line with times of Salah it tells us when it's not recommendable when it's forbidden for us to pray. Now, you'll recall that we've said and mentioned earlier that there are two records Suna before fudger prayer.

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Now this hadith tells us that between the van and the karma, the Prophet says that you must not pray except to rock As for fudger and it's called an Arabic rebuttal fudger should not affect your or rebuttal fudger and this sooner, the prophets of Allah Sallam would not skip it, whether he is traveling or in his city in Medina, he would not ever leave the sun. Even if he had he would sit and prayed sitting down if he was tired.

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And he said some allow them send them that these two records are there. The sooner the obligatory prayer, these two records are better than the whole world.

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They are better than the whole world that we live on. So if someone were to give you the whole world as a gift, or as a cost for you not to pray this tour guide, the Prophet says no, the tour guides are more important. And these are the students. So you should compare and ask yourself, what about the obligatory prayer? What about the original fudger prayer if this is the case with the sinner? So how would we classify and regard

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the obligatory prayer coming back to the Hadith? That is clear. If you pray the Torah guys, then you should not pray anything else, of course, except those that there is a need for so this means that Mostafa, if you pray to rock at home,

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and you go to the masjid, should you sit or pray, should pray you should pray. But if you do not pray home and go to the masjid, and pray the ledger sooner that your records can I stand up and pray again? For the hater, Masjid, the salute of the masjid. No, it's not it's not possible.

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And

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it is reported that say it the minimum say you

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may Allah have mercy on his soul, one of the companions of the companions of the Prophet that I saw him.

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He once saw a man

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coming to the masjid. And before I finished this settler Messiah was one of the scholars of Islam, one of the great scholars of Islam, he had only one generation between him and the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So those whom he have seen, were the companions of the Prophet Allah selection. And we have a name for such people, Fadi.

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We call them a Tabby in. So we have companions Sahaba and whoever saw them is called Tabby. So activity is a person who saw a companion of the profit that is awesome. And a companion is a person who saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say they will say, talks about himself and he says that

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I have

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prayed 14 years in Medina.

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And I've never seen the backside of any person.

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Which meant that he had prayed 40 whole years, five prayers every single day in the first row, he never prayed in the second row. And he never skipped one single prayer. So he was one of the great scholars of Islam. I know a lot of people that have prayed 40 years without seeing the back of people, because they're praying home. They don't pray the mosque. And this is a shame and fortunate and unfortunate,

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say, who say it

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was in the mosque once. And he saw this man coming in, after then fudger, after the federal Nicole fetcher, and just before the prayer itself, and he started praying to records and Salaam to records and offering center to recursion. So say, grab this boy, and said,

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nephew of mine that you know, the eldest always call those who are young nephews, and the young, always called those who are old uncle's. And this is a type of respect in Islam, that we should always try to

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bear in mind, because

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in Islam, it is a must, that you respect the elderly, even if he was a janitor, at work, if he was a servant, or whatever he's older than you are, you have to respect him.

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And if a person is younger than you are, you have to have mercy on him, you have to be kind on him. And you could do the math, you know, you have to be kind to those who are older than you are respectful to those who are older than you. And you have to be kind to those who are younger than you to the to the young ones. And this means that the community will be filled with love and care. So say, again, goes to his this man who's praying it says, Hey, nephew of mine, don't do this. Because the prophets Allah Sallam said that you may only pray two records after the other.

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So the guy didn't like this. And a lot of us don't like advice. A lot of us when being given advice would get this feeling of arrogance in What do you know?

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And and why are you telling me that I made a mistake? I don't like people pointing out that I make mistakes. I don't make mistakes. So the guy had the same feeling and said to say, oh, Uncle, do you think that Allah azza wa jal will punish me, because I pray for him.

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You look at this logic. Now, say it is not telling him don't pray, because I don't want you to pray. He's telling him don't pray, because the Prophet said, do not pray except to recognize.

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So the man is arguing this, and he's saying, Well, do you think that Allah will punish me? Because I pray for him?

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Our answer would be definitely not. So say it's answered in this manner. He said, nephew, my son, Allah will not punish you because you pray for him. Allah will punish you, because you are not following the sooner. He's not He will punish you, because you are not obeying the order and the instructions of the Prophet. So let's set up. And this logic is twisted. Because a lot of people come and say, I want to pray after awesome. We tell them it's forbidden. The Prophet said it this time is forbidden. He said, Well, I'm praying for him, Do you think he's gonna punish me? It's the same logic. People go and you know, mix with females. They're not allowed to do this. They mix with

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the opposite gender opposite sex, and they talk and they mingle and probably they will teach them some Hadith and verses of the Quran. And we tell them that this is not allowed. So they say, you think that Allah will punish me, I'm teaching them Islam said, Allah will not punish you. Because you're teaching them Islam. Allah will punish you for shaking hands with the opposite sex which is completely forbidden. Allah will punish you for looking at them and not lowering your gaze a lower Punisher for the this, this obeying His instructions. So one should always keep in mind that whatever you do, you should be following the instructions of the Prophet sallallahu Allah He will

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and he will send them the following Hadith

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narrated by oma Selamat, may Allah be pleased with her. Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to my house after offering Asada prayer and offer

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to like it, then I asked him about that and he replied, I was too busy and failed to pray the Tucson rocket after lower prayer. So I offered them now. I asked him, should we offer them if we missed them? He replied, No.

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This Hadith is a controversial one, because, though it is authentic that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to pray these two records after Azur

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and in some versions

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HTML are pleased with her said that he frequently did this.

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And in this hadith I'm Selma is asking the Prophet alayhi salatu salam. Is it possible that we prayed? The Prophet said, No. And the scholars of Hadith have different opinion on him saying no, some of them say that that is authentic, then this is the verdict. It's not possible. And others say no, it's not authentic. So they are referring to it as a pseudonym. And that is why we are at the fork of the road. Some scholars say you may pray after answer if you've escaped vasana. Other scholars say no, you may not pray after answer, because it's a time of it's forbidden for us to pray during this time. So what is authentic, a verdict of all what appears to me that staying away from

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it, refraining from it is on to be on the safe side because we do not know if this is permissible only for the Prophet Alice or Sam, or it's a general permission, the Hadith if we consider that to be authentic, where the settlement asks the Prophet Alison ceram, if it's authentic, then it's the evidence that it is forbidden for us to pray after ourselves. Even if we missed or skipped, should not have the heart. But if it's not authentic, and we join this hadith with the hadith of Asia, may Allah be pleased with her, then it indicates that it's okay to repeat or to pray the Sunnah, which is recommended, which has a cause it's not, you know, open voluntary prayer. So no makeda there is,

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it's a recommended prayer and it has a cause, then it's okay to pray it.

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In my point of view, the best and safest way is to refrain from praying after us because if you do, then you are in accordance to the Sunnah. And at the same time, you have the ability, you have the possibility of praying it after marriage, after Asia, you can make it up any other time with the exception of this time where you are forbidden to pray. So I believe that this is the best of all opinions that one could apply and inshallah you have all the day and night left for you to pray those as soon as that you have escaped.

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I'm afraid that this is all the time we have for today's program in sha Allah until we meet next time, via Manila was Salam aleikum wa or La Jolla barakato.