Daurah Fiqh – Ep.03

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Assim Al-Hakeem

Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem

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Episode Transcript

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sit out even more.

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So we begin

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by going through

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the four schools of thought and how it started.

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And the benefit of this is that we get

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a clear understanding of the efforts

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of these schools of thought and how

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they started and the origin of them. So first of all, the school of the Hanafi school of thought, which was the first or among the first,

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the name of the founder of this school of thought, is a Norman sabot. Well known as a hanifa. May Allah have mercy on his soul born in the year at and lived until the year of 150.

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He is the only one acknowledged to be among the tambourine of the four imams of the schools of thought. Imam Malik of Nana's is disputed. And the most authentic opinion is that he's not. So Abu hanifa is well established that he was among the tambourine he saw an assembly medic, but he did not hear from him, or he did not narrate IDs from him, he just simply saw him.

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Abu hanifa was well known, like all the other imams of his piety, of His righteousness.

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It was narrated from two sources that he recited or read the whole or an in one record. So it was not reported by one person by two different sources that he was well known to have recited the Quran from cover to cover in one rock I like who, like, ma'am, Earth man.

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Fan, may Allah be pleased with him. And one would say that this is not possible. It is possible to finish the Qur'an in six to eight hours for those who memorize it. Well, some of us has

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heavy tank. So when he precise that fat you have an

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Imam is doing the record history. Jordan, you guys, what are you doing?

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I have problems. The man is always doing record before I finished. The problem is he knew nothing the man How would you know? Ask the others is anybody finding difficult to resolve the fact that we finish it and we read the surah afterwards, then this is your problem. You have to practice more and more. It takes literally three seconds, maybe a little bit less energy with more to finish the Fatiha.

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When I joined the Imam and he's in record, I can recite it in three seconds. Because this is my mother's tongue. A lot of you practice reciting the fat has so long that it's very easy. Of course, it's not the best scenario of reciting it well and but depending on the position in the situation, Abu hanifa may Allah have mercy on his soul was righteous, practicing devoting time for prayers or fasting for a Baghdad and this is the NIF we have today.

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We either have people of knowledge, who do not practice like the old scholars, so they speak beautifully. They make they make lectures Wow. But when you find them Mondays and Thursdays not fasting

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strange, but then you think okay, it's not mandatory. But I would have expected the shape to make it at least the habit of fasting Mondays and Thursdays let the Prophet as instructed and recommended a chef that does not offer night prayer.

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Something wrong then what is the use of your knowledge a share who does not recite the Quran?

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Any at least you have to recite one Jesus. Every month you have to finish the Quran once at least.

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revise your memory, your core and memory if you maybe you don't memorize the Quran, at least then as soon as you know Baqarah embrun us or us

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You have to advise them on a daily basis. Otherwise that is a problem. When you see a shed or a suit of knowledge is not giving sadaqa

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Sure, how much do you give sadaqa per month? I don't get I take.

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This is strange.

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When you see she is not taking her ombre

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or making Hajj, or

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what use is the knowledge that he has, if it's not being practiced and implemented.

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So when you look at the life of these great Imams, you will see that they walk the talk. It's not just lectures and talk, talk talk. No. And this is one of the examples

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of awesome and Nabeel said that Abu hanifa has been named or well known to be described as the launch for the abundance of his brain meaning that Abu hanifa when he used to pray night prayer, used to be like a launch for so many hours standing in prayers. Look at how what we pray the sun. Mashallah, what are you doing? abs? Good for the abs?

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Just bow? What is this?

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When you try to think when I pray in my home, nobody's watching sooner. And compare it to when I pray in the masjid difference.

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Alone in the masjid and alone in the home. Similar or difference?

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In the message everybody's watching so

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Mashallah, and the whole zero to 60 in in two seconds. Tesla new model, electrical but very fast. So there's a problem. We have a problem in practicing. So remember halifa what he used to pray night prayer. He used to be described as a lodge, because he used to prolong his nine prayer, and then said to Abu hanifa once he's a human being so people abused him said fear Allah.

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If someone comes to you and says to you, yeah, sure, feel alive. What will you say? Me?

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Why?

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Why are you so defensive? If I tell you fearless is

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now afraid to those who fears him. And this is what hanifa said. He said the one who's narrating this, he trembled and his color turned yellow. And he looked down in humble way. And he said, may Allah reward you with good people are in great need for someone to say this to them all the time.

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So Pamela, if someone advises us, we are rebellious with arrogant

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Abu hanifa the great Imam, Abu hanifa everybody knows Abu hanifa yet he acknowledges and said, may Allah reward you always remind me, I need people to remind me that I should fear Allah azza wa jal

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by his practicing, he is knowledgeable. He feels a lot as legit. Imagine.

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Once his neighbor,

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he had a neighbor.

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His house was next to his every day in the afternoon. Abu hanifa used to come out of the house, no air conditioning, like our center here. So it was hot. So he used to go out and sit in the shade of his neighbor's house. You get this breeze nice. One day his neighbor comes to him and says Abu hanifa I need 10,000 euros alone from you. With all means you are my neighbor. Here you go. He gave him the money. The following day, he came out he did not sit in the shade of the house of his neighbor. And they asked him why don't you sit in your normal place says I'm afraid that this might be Riba.

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But if I bought him money,

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I lent him money. So now if I sit in his shade, this might be interest.

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Look how we abuse, our status, our knowledge, if I come with my white belt, an old man to a row in a government office.

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People say, Come Come uncle. Oh, yes, yes, my friend. Yes, please, thank you, my son, I have used my powers. I use it, I utilize it. And this means that I'm not sincere.

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When you use your religious power, your knowledge and you think that you're above everyone else, this means that your knowledge is not true. Their knowledge, make them more humble. Never you will find that they are arrogant, or, you know, flexing their muscles say that I am this and that, always being humbled by it.

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Abu hanifa has knowledge is so vast and strong and great that when you come nowadays, to some quote unquote selfie brothers, who say that every day there was Abu hanifa was not a Hadith, Abu hanifa was, and they discredit this great Eman On what basis this this is a sign of ignorance. Abu hanifa was one of the intellectual imams of previous times one of the most knowledgeable

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mannequin nanus was asked.

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And he is a great he came after him. He was in we have a problem of contemporary scholars. Nowadays. If you ask ask them about share so and so

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out of envy. I might say no, no, no, don't Don't listen to him. He's knowledge is not that good. Is this his that out of envy. Now, I might be right.

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But I might also be wrong, it is your responsibility to cross check what I say not to take whatever verdict I give to my contemporaries. Because this is well known since the beginning of time. Always when there is rivalry, you will find any human nature.

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So Monica Nash,

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a contemporary of hanifa. He should have discredited discredit him. But he's a great scholar. So he was asked, Have you seen Abu hanifa?

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He said, Yes. I saw a man who can convince you that he can turn the pillar of the masjid into gold.

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Yeah, and he's a good marketing agent. He knows how to sell.

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Yeah. And he is so knowledgeable that he can convince you. And this is the power of knowledge. I know that this is how long?

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This is how long? Why? Because it says,

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Yeah, but I have to understand you don't understand? Are you a Catholic? I'm telling you.

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This is not power of convincing. But the power of convincing is to be able to convey my ideas, my conviction, my belief to you so that you become a student and you buy what I'm selling. And this is the difference between a good day and a bad day, a good scholar, and a bad scholar, a good student of knowledge and a bad student of knowledge. So many people we are engaged in conversation.

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And when they speak to me, they speak with authority.

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Meaning that no, this is how, yeah,

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you will not find me, for example, I think

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a lot of people say otherwise. But I see myself as a little bit tolerant. I tell you that this is how I am but

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yeah, um, it might be it might not be things that are crystal clear. I tell you, it is hard on us. I'm able to sit with you from now till pleasure to convince you. But there are things that can be this or that I never give a straightforward. Any ruling, meaning that I'm right, you're wrong. No.

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There are people who are like this, they will totally close the door in front of you there is no point in discussing with them anything. So selling what you have needs, knowledge needs the ability of convincing needs, that you are tolerant, but if it is Simon says, You have to believe what I say and the story. Nobody will accept your dharma. Nobody will take it and believe in it. Maybe they will, for the sake of argument say okay, but this doesn't mean that they have bought it even and move on.

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As Abu hanifa is the best jeweler of all people, and believing him about this guy is a story about himself. If we would like to give a lecture about one of the role models of Islam, and the law having Barak would be one of them, of the linemen, but it used to be known as a mural, meaning in Hadith,

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one of the Hadith, and he was a millionaire. And he wasn't Mujahid.

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So he got it all made to the extent that scholars said, we compare that belong robotic to the companions of the Prophet SSM. And he was no difference. He was no different from them, except the companionship

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of the lineman and Barak, when you read his biography, you will be shocked. He used to sit with his companions after Asia, he goes to his home never comes out. So they complained. He said, Why don't you come and sit with us? He said, why would they sit with you? I spent my night with the companions of the Prophet Isaiah cinema, meaning writing their biographies, writing their stories and learning and reading. He spends he prefers to spend time learning about them and sitting with the masses. Whenever it was time for hedge, used to go to his students, he says we're going to hedge this year who wants to come? So they say I'd like to come, okay, bring the cost of hedge and put it in.

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Money Back in tight. So they bring, you know, the fees of the hedge and expenses. He takes it, he puts it in his chest, a big box. And then they go for hedge.

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The students say that he would spend the day and night serving us bringing bringing us food. He's a share.

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Not like me, what is the cup of tea?

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He goes and brings some people, I can't afford it. But if you come to serve, they'll bring you a cup of tea,

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low fat.

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So he does this. He goes until they reach Mecca, they make the hedge a finish. On their way back. He says, Don't you want to buy things for your family for your wife and children?

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Take this money and collect it from you when we go back. So it gives them money. They buy gifts, they buy things. When they go back to their own hometown. He opens the chest, he gives them back the money that had spent everything was on him.

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A balloon remark is something out of this league. He's one of the great imams of so he said about Abu hanifa that he is the best jeweler, the best scholar of all people. So this gives you a glimpse of who Abu hanifa was, if Mubarak says this about him. And Emma Shafi

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who did not see Abu hanifa who did not learn from Abu hanifa. What does he say? He says people in the context of jurisprudence are dependent on Abu hanifa. All scholars who came after Abu hanifa and studied,

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studied Jews, they're all dependent on his

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work on his, the fatwa on his verdicts because he's he was a man of intellect. So, what is the current characteristic of his school? Abu hanifa is known to be part of a huddle right?

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What is meant by a hollow re? re in Arabic means opinion.

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So his work was dependent a lot on the Quran, and the Sunnah, but because he was one of the earliest scholars, he did not have that travel ability to go from Kufa to Syria to Egypt, to Mecca, Medina, to Yemen, to collect Hadith. And they did not have

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laptops, iPads, internet. So, now even printed books, they dependent, depended entirely on what

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memorization and compiling themselves so the more the scholar traveled, the more knowledge he gained. Why, because we had scholars in Medina region, the savage neuroma we had in Mecca, even ambass we had in Kufa of the loving mushroom we had in Basra. We

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So, each companion guide, you think of the alumni best had all the knowledge of the provenance of

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the idea he did not he wasn't 24 seven with the Prophet. So he could not have related.

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Likewise, it will miss road, likewise, even aroma. So their knowledge of Islam spread all over, the scholar who managed to travel and collect had more knowledge than the others. However, because he was among the first he did not travel a lot.

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And if you say he did not travel at all, you wouldn't be so far from the truth. And that is why a mama chef he says that people dependent on a dependent on Abu hanifa In fact, because he used to use a lot of logic I didn't have enough ID but logically according to the Quran, and to the sooner that I have the verdict of so and so should be soon so

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and in 85%

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was right later on a few years later, when we discovered that there is a hadith that covers this. And it's the same thing with Omar

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Abdullah the peacemaker, went to a sham Syria and when he was at the border, he heard that there is a plague.

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So with him was about obey the American Ninja law and the companions and they disputed Should we go or should we not?

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And the companions of Rama may melon vision did not take an opinion of his own

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he always consulted Shura.

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So some say let's go have a say no we should not go. So

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okay, we will not go

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he does not have any proof from Corrado center. How did he come up with this opinion? He made he had his writing his opinion. Now, more Aveda objective

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and we know that the Prophet sallallaahu eyes and said, me know how the hill oma. The most interested of this is more of a gamble in Java. When Roma was stopped and was about to die. He said, If Morro Bay there was alive, I would have appointed him as halifa but he died before me. So he's a great man.

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So I made the objective said, Omar, you want to go back to Medina afraid of Allah's destiny?

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See, I looked at him he said, By Allah if someone else said this other than you, I would have beaten him.

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But you You are a Huawei there, I cannot beat your your great

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person away they were running from others destiny to Alice Destin,

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why should we throw ourselves in this? So he made an analogy, and they came to the conclusion. After a few minutes, I'm done. I met him in our cave.

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And he was awake, when he heard about the dispute. And what Roman came to the conclusion of he said by Allah, I heard the Prophet say it is Salatu was set up now this is evidence a lot. But already a primer has taken the the citizen he said I heard the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, if the plague came into a city, where you are residing, do not leave it. And if you hear of the plague have been in a city, you're going to do not enter it. So the action of Rama was what?

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totally correct and valid. So he went back. So this is the characteristics of the school of thought of who Abu hanifa that it was

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dependent on Quran and Sunnah, but sooner was very limited. So he depended a lot on our knowledge now going through the history of the Hanafi school, and its most notable scholars.

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First of all, it has to be acknowledged that Abu hanifa himself, may Allah have mercy on him, did not write any book. In fact,

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he didn't compile any book of prep. First of all, second of all, his fifth was not

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rotating around himself, meaning that he It was not a one man show. Abu hanifa was

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collecting the views from the students and the scholars he was with. And it was like a counseling

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method when he was in the masjid. And there comes a problem chair. What do you say about organ donation? Of course it didn't have this at the time. Nowadays, it comes to the chef, the chef gives you the verdict. At the time of anything, anything new happening, he asks about the use of a Hamad bin Hassan Shivani. The students she has over also great scholars, and they come up with a conclusion and he gives the fatwa accordingly, so the beginning of his era, it dependent on

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Abu hanifa himself. His prominent two great students were Abu Youssef and Mohammed Al Hassan, a shebang. These are the two great prominent scholars who themselves were also getting in contact with Malika Nana's teaching and learning and also with Imam Shafi who took some knowledge from them as well. There was also referred in

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and they I think, and it hasn't even Ziad the books compiled in that era on the Imam Abu hanifa was something known or well known as an acid. This is the book complete compiler

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in the year 2204, up to the eighth century, this is called the expansion error, meaning that the students have expanded on writing books explaining the rulings and the verdicts and the fifth and the methodology how to implement the methodology of Abu hanifa in thinking because we know that Quran and Sunnah, but then we have consensus, but then we have an ology. Some schools of thought do not accept an apology. They say no, we have weak Hadith, like mm Hanbury amateur ham, but they say weak Hadith is better than a knology. Why should they go into as already etc. They have different types of methodology in studying and prioritizing branches of knowledge, how to take these

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evidences. So the expansion error. We have a Bahai, the amount of Java, we have a shark Cassie, we haven't necessarily

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heard of the caduti, and so on. And they have these books on the right in Arabic, I did not translate it, because even I did not go through with them. So I think that it is way

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above our level

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to study and mention them. But this is for your information. In case just in case, I'm a hanafy I'd like to know what are the foundations, books and references of Hanafi madhhab. These are on the right, if you want to expand. So there is the settlement error. And this settlement error would come down to ebenen, Najib and even abdeen even abdeen is like 400 years, 300 years, maybe a golden recently No. But he compiled

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and and Barbara, etc. These books were references. The best well known reference of the Hanafi is how she had even a deal where he explains the verdicts of the Hanafi school of thought and puts the methodology. Every school of thought had one or two or three opinions. And he would classify which opinion and this is important to learn for our students of knowledge because sometimes you see people saying that Abu hanifa says that this is not permissible. And it's not the case. You will find that this is the verdict of his later students who studied his methodology. And this is according to the thinking of Abu hanifa the rolling of so and so should be like this. So they

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include it in their late books that are read

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Prince of the Hanafi school of thought, but not necessarily relating to Abu hanifa himself. And this is why we make the common mistake when we say Alabama Scheffer, he said it's hot um, when he didn't say that his students said is how long he himself did not elaborate on it, but because we studied the Shafi method, anything that is in a chef in a meta way related to Imam Shafi was just wrong. It may be not even related to him.

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Like

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we go to the second school of thought, the school of thought of Al Maliki Yeah. Okay, Abu hanifa where is it generally practiced, is a school of thought.

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In India, Pakistan,

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China, which means gohara, and the likes, and also in Egypt, Egypt, they practice to Shafi and Hanafi, Syria, mainly practice Hanafi. But they have also so it's widely spread. Now, when you go to the school of thought of Mr. Malik is prominent in

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North Africa, and Africa in general.

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So, what is his name? Malik, even Anis, even Malik, even abbiamo ash Jerry, pipe is in a relationship to an asymptomatic may Allah be pleased with him the companion, though he has it in his father's name, as well as it happens to be aneurysm dramatic, but they're not related.

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They took of birth 93 died 79 which meant that he was 8786 years of age when he died. And

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it was

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reported that his last words were to Allah belongs the command before and after Villa hit em Roman caballo when bad, and he died. And this is a verse of the whole and so this in Sharla was a good ending for this great Imam,

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worship and piety

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Malik system. When asked, what was the main thing occupying his time when he was in his house? The answer was the or an and the recitation. And this shows you that if you want to become a scholar, a student of knowledge, you have to devote the vast majority of your time for the Quran.

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Those who do not, they will not gain enough knowledge. I know assistant

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who is a student of knowledge in Saudi who revises revision she knows the Quran by heart, but her daily practice is to revise five juice a day device.

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So in six days, she finishes

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the Quran and goes on and on and on. This is a student of knowledge when you devote yourself to the Quran. But when you have no interest in the Quran, or people say share when I open the Quran

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and feel asleep you have a problem.

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This serious you have a problem you have to fix this problem. Even Massoud said you will not get closer to Allah in better than reciting the words that came from him Sopranos.

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The whole an is the rope between us and allies that watch it the more you recite it, the more you study it the more alone expand your chest and fill it with proper and real knowledge. But if you don't any I find some Muslims. I see how much do you memorize the last few chapters in the Quran? Mashallah. You have 111 chapters left? What is this?

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It's difficult. I don't have time. Why don't you memorize? I don't have time. What do you have time for? Watching Manchester United Manchester City. The youth? No, this is wrong. Do you have a problem? You have to rectify your affairs. That or an is the main source of knowledge, the main thing in your life, everything else is cascaded from that. So, Mr. maryk his time in the home was no newspapers. No CNN. No one

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up, it was or an or an or an. And

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someone says if I wanted to fill my study

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boards with how many times I heard any man Malik say, I don't know, I could easily do that. He says if I want to fill my bookshelves with a lot of books, I don't know. I don't know. I don't know is that that would be easy.

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Okay, is this part of worship or part of piety?

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This is part of be afraid of saying something without knowledge, and then travel the whole month, from up north to Medina, a distance of a month on horseback or Camelback. And he said, I came to Mr. Malik with 40 questions from my people. They didn't have facts didn't have What's up? No, no emails, so he had to travel. So he asked the mathematic about 40 topics.

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He answered four and 36. He said, I do not know.

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The method I traveled one month to hear you say, I don't what should I say to my people? When I go back? They told him Mr. Malik doesn't know.

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Seriously, seriously. among us, who has the courage to say I do not know

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why if people ask us about neurosurgery, we will say I think we shouldn't do this procedure. We will even get fat we're in heart surgery or neurosurgery. You find someone with the bonnet of his car, with the hood of his car open is what's wrong? Is it well, why the car is not starting? I think you should change the spark plugs.

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without knowledge, how do you get back?

00:37:03--> 00:37:11

I remember I used this to talk to Sheldon bass, one of the great movies every single day.

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I in the beginning like 35 years ago, 36 years ago, when I started, you know, trying to seek knowledge. I used to have problems I read a lot. I don't understand what I'm reading is anatomy but who knows. So I write notes. And in the evening, I call share the embarrassment I say mean? Is it I used to call them and ask they don't know me every single day I call them and we did not have facts. We had telex those to denote Alex

00:37:47--> 00:37:48

we did not have

00:37:49--> 00:38:14

any means of communication except redial. And the fastest three, that was the best phone because all the world we're calling them. There are two lines on the mask. So I used to call the the leader leader until maybe 20 or 30 times until he picks and he was to ask him and he is the only one I remember that I asked him a question that was

00:38:16--> 00:38:18

very simple. And he said I don't know.

00:38:20--> 00:38:20

No.

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Not only what you're the Grand Mufti.

00:38:25--> 00:38:27

If you don't know, I'll tell you.

00:38:28--> 00:38:40

I know. I think it's like this. Well, I asked him a question. He said, my friend I don't know. Give me a call tomorrow. I'll look into it. Okay, following the I called him.

00:38:41--> 00:38:53

Salam aleikum. Shay, I called you yesterday about so and so I and he said yes, I looked into it. Mmm Kathy says so and so forth to the sun. So and the most authentic opinion that the meaning is so and so and so

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to have the courage

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to say I don't know, this means that you are a scholar.

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And this is why half of the knowledge scholars say is to say I don't know half of the knowledge. The rest half is you give but when anytime someone asks you to Yeah, I know.

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And you give answers without knowledge, this is problematic. And we will come to this later on in sha Allah.

00:39:27--> 00:39:59

Even Matthew says, I have not seen anyone who is more respected, more wise, nor more pious than Imam Malik. And in the Hadith, people will strongly seek knowledge and not find a person more knowledgeable than the Medina scholar, this hadith. Some scholars said that it is referring to Eva Malik, but the Hadith was not authenticated by Shannon Bonnie. So the Hadith is weak but

00:40:00--> 00:40:11

A great portion of the scholars considered it to be Hadith Sahih referring to Imam Malik, okay, was he knowledgeable? Let us see.

00:40:12--> 00:40:51

He qualified for fact what and assumed the fact was seat in Medina when he was only 20 years of age. Now imagine coming to the message of Medina and finding this young man sitting and giving fatwah teaching people answering their questions, being the person to address the questions to Mr. Malik said, I did not give that one until 70 scholars testified that I was qualified for it.

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So Panama, nowadays, you go to scholars tell them Can I see Who allowed you to get fat?

00:41:02--> 00:41:07

Nobody allowed me I found myself to be ashamed. What What should I do?

00:41:08--> 00:41:10

This is why we have the

00:41:11--> 00:41:12

the concept of tests

00:41:14--> 00:41:34

you have to have not must, but it is recommended to know who you the shares, approving you who gave that one. So you say that, okay, I know. Share, so and so he allowed me to give. But the share Who allowed you to get to himself does know how to make good.

00:41:36--> 00:42:18

So what is this, you have to be a graduate of a prestigious university. There's professors, the CEO, Who taught you this is a form of approval. Imagine, Malik says 77, zero of the scholars of contemporary time, allow them to get forgiven. This shows you the amount of knowledge this man had. And the amount of shuffling who was one of the students of enomatic himself. He said when scholars are mentioned medic is the star among them. May Allah have mercy on his soul. Okay.

00:42:20--> 00:42:29

What is the history of the Maliki school and who are the most notable scholars? First of all, an Imam Malik

00:42:31--> 00:43:36

compiled a book, unlike Abu hanifa, and his book is well known as El Mokpo. One of the books based on film, but has a lot of narrations of the prophets, saying la salatu salam, it was so prominent, it was so accepted among the people that the halifa at the time, the ruler wanted to generalize it to all the nation's and to make it the roadmap for learning. Mr. Malik refused. And he said that I cannot limit the people only to my book, so many other narrations, so many other views, and this shows you his tolerance and knowledge. Nowadays, you will find maybe a student of knowledge, who would say my way or the highway, everybody else is wrong. I am the only right person. And if I had

00:43:36--> 00:43:42

the power hour even forced, each and every one of you not to listen to anyone except me.

00:43:43--> 00:44:02

And this shows you how the audacity that ignorant and people with less knowledge have nowadays know Mr. maryk. As great as he was, he refused to limit people to studying only his book,

00:44:03--> 00:44:14

among his companions, and students, even of pass him as additional for art and noon. And their

00:44:15--> 00:44:41

verdicts. Their teachings were compiled in one of the main sources of the Maliki schools of thought known as El Mundo, Juana. So all of their verdicts were put uncompiled in this, when you read it, you will get the essence of the Maliki school of thought and the methodology of it.

00:44:42--> 00:44:48

And the expansion error, which is up to 616 ajrakh.

00:44:49--> 00:44:52

You have different scholars.

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For example, even Abby as he

00:44:59--> 00:45:00

did what happen

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

Coffee

00:45:05--> 00:45:07

and handlebar

00:45:09--> 00:45:17

and these books, which are in pink, I think, which is a resell at Tolkien and cafe, Taka and condiments.

00:45:18--> 00:45:21

And Muslim Baba all of these books,

00:45:22--> 00:45:25

gathered the opinions of the Maliki school,

00:45:27--> 00:45:45

refreshed it, reframed it and put it in a way that were the basis and the foundation of the Maliki school of thought and the settlement era whereby these great scholars as you find them in Hadji

00:45:47--> 00:46:04

coffee, hurry, hurry is one of the most prominent and his book is the most commonly accepted and hapa de de su T and the books are here to the right.

00:46:14--> 00:46:15

A shopping,

00:46:16--> 00:46:22

shopping. Oh, you're talking on the famous we don't want to miss it. Now we want a Chevy

00:46:28--> 00:46:29

by far

00:46:31--> 00:46:39

Imam Abu hanifa was known to be what to depend a lot on a right

00:46:40--> 00:46:43

we said this now,

00:46:44--> 00:46:50

Lima Malik, dependent dependent entirely upon

00:46:51--> 00:46:56

the Hadeeth. So we had two schools, madrasa to

00:46:58--> 00:47:22

the school of the people of intellect and and opinion and the school of Hadith. So in Abu hanifa, was a pioneer in madrasa to Allah right meant meaning that he depended on for an depended on sooner, but if there was not, as soon as insight he went to what

00:47:23--> 00:47:32

my opinion my own logic, what is the logic behind this any apply, says, Mr. Malik, no, you are strict to the

00:47:33--> 00:47:37

meaning of the provenance now, if not Hadees of tambourine

00:47:39--> 00:47:57

If not, companions, if not then tambourine, so this stick entirely to the item or the proof and Hadith of the Sahaba and the Tabby emammal Shafi when he came, it was a different

00:47:58--> 00:48:27

methodology altogether. But first of all, what's his name? His name is Mohammed Idris as sharpening and he's a moved by the me, meaning that he goes with the prophets SMD. Nish to the third or the fourth grandfather, so he's from polish, unlike the others, one is from Medina or hanifa, whether he's Arab or not, then we have been hampered from the crime of shape and but

00:48:29--> 00:49:31

if Shafi was a poor he from Porush, he was born in the year 150. In Russia, Palestine, and he died in the year 2004 in Egypt, and he traveled so he had the advantage of traveling even Malik was in Medina, did he have to travel? Yeah, no the companions around. He did not see the companions but all the knowledge of the companions were cascaded to the tambourine in Medina. So he had so many scholars around him in Medina and this is why one of the essential methodology of Eman Malik's school of thought is the doing of people of Medina. So the evidence This is how long Quran Sunnah is man? Yes. And then he says the people of Medina were doing it. This is one of my evidence that this

00:49:31--> 00:49:59

is soon because the people of Medina were doing it and the people of Medina took it from where contemporary community took it from where companions companions from the progress. So this is Yeah, it gives a lot of power to even Malik's way of thinking. Now, if you come to Imam Shafi, you will find that he had the balance between the School of writing of opinion and the school of Hadith

00:50:01--> 00:50:14

When we come to talk about his worship and piety, we find that a rugby administrator a man stated that a chef or he used to recite the whole or an how many

00:50:15--> 00:50:27

60 times in the month of Ramadan. How many days in Milan 60 days 30 days Oh, this can be any mini he used to finish the forum how many times a day

00:50:29--> 00:50:49

Give me a break. Seriously these guys, they didn't have time to do anything. They wish they were retired like me and you have nothing it just to get the Koran read the Quran. This is the source of knowledge, the devotion to the Quran, and Abu hanifa reciting it once

00:50:50--> 00:50:51

in one Raka

00:50:52--> 00:50:54

Imam Shafi twice a day.

00:50:55--> 00:51:01

How was that memorization? Their knowledge is holistic,

00:51:02--> 00:51:09

unlike ours, so you come to me and say Shia, Mashallah, you're knowledgeable? What is that? Tafseer of this ayah?

00:51:11--> 00:51:27

I have to research. What is the meaning of this idea? I have to go to the reference, what is the meaning of this word in Arabic, I have to open the dictionary. These guys were not like this. They are ready. If I'm a chef, I used to read

00:51:28--> 00:51:35

a book once. And he returns it to the book shop. He said you don't want to know

00:51:38--> 00:51:43

what kind of intellect I don't even know my wife's mobile number.

00:51:45--> 00:51:48

Well, I know I always make mistakes.

00:51:49--> 00:52:24

So, we have a problem when we compare our knowledge to their knowledge, in the sense that they are men like us, they make mistakes, they make some kind of the Who are you to speak like this. So remember Shafi used to recite the Quran. Hussain Alcala BC, he said, I stayed the night once in a Chavez house. And he divided the night into three parts, one third, he would recite the Quran.

00:52:25--> 00:52:34

And one third he would sleep This is a rubbish element also. And one third, he would study the knowledge and write

00:52:35--> 00:52:50

the night was divided. I say the carabus he says that he used to spend a third of the night reciting the Quran, but spends 50 is long. This is not part of the to

00:52:51--> 00:53:13

completing of the Quran in one night. No, this is quality prayer, meaning that he prays besides 50 is maximum 100. But he contemplates executive slowly enjoys it. And this is something we lack. We so many times pre finished prayer.

00:53:14--> 00:53:16

What did they remember? Is it the first record?

00:53:17--> 00:53:19

No idea. Second record?

00:53:21--> 00:53:22

I don't know. I think it was blown.

00:53:25--> 00:53:36

That's why I thought I could have concentrated the guys out of this world he doesn't even know. So we have a problem that when we recite the Quran,

00:53:37--> 00:53:43

you know in prayer prayers, are we doing it slowly so that we can understand have a connection with Allah or

00:53:47--> 00:53:54

finish the prayer. This is the difference. Now about his knowledge about his

00:53:55--> 00:53:59

smartness about his intelligence.

00:54:01--> 00:54:08

It was reported that he memorized the Quran when he was seven years of age.

00:54:09--> 00:54:55

memorizing is not a problem. We know now, his capacity, his ability to memorize, but still, it shows you that his mother invested a lot because he was brought up by his mother. And she invested a lot and this is what ended the end result. So if you have a good father or a good mother, who invests on you, who spends time who's tolerant who's pushing you to study and to become an Imam, once you become an Imam, you appreciate this. So he memorized the Quran when he was seven, he memorized the book over what part of Mr. Malik that wasn't Hadeeth when he was 10.

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

And this shows you that these

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

People

00:55:01--> 00:55:16

devoted their time on serious things. His share Muslim M and how the xinji allowed him and approved him to give fat one when he was 15 years of age

00:55:17--> 00:55:22

15 years of age grade What? grade 10?

00:55:23--> 00:55:24

Almost

00:55:25--> 00:55:28

grade 10 gives fettle.

00:55:29--> 00:55:34

We have children are 40 years of age and don't know how to pray.

00:55:36--> 00:55:49

I see brothers is where did your son? What does he come to see that he's 75 years younger than the future he would be five years young. What is this? So we have a problem.

00:55:51--> 00:56:41

Even arena and an abortion and one of the Imams we've mentioned his name earlier, he says a Shafi is the best among the men of his time is the best among of his of all men of his time. Now, a contemporary, a man made in Hamburg, he says everyone who writes knowledge is indebted to Al shuffling. In Arabic, it says no one who ever wrote or used an ink pot to write knowledge at the time. This is how they used to write books and verdicts and Hadees and, and the more you write, the more knowledgeable you are. And this is a well known fact, if you want to memorize something

00:56:42--> 00:57:09

that feels old, an old times they used to have a board and a piece of chalk. And today's lesson, we have this idea. So they write it and they rub it off, they write it and they rub it off, they write it and they rub it off, and then they may they can recite it without any problem, because writing engraves knowledge in your head. So an Imam Shafi

00:57:11--> 00:57:21

was one of the great imams of all times known for his piety, known for his knowledge, and the advantage of his knowledge was

00:57:24--> 00:57:28

that he was the founder of offshore oil.

00:57:30--> 00:58:05

The fundamentals of nobody wrote something that structured persona before the traffic and his book, well known book, known as a reseller is a foundation This, of course, he wrote other books on his work, such as the book of ohm and it's a big volume and well known to the people okay, what is the history of Imam Shafi school and its most notable scholars, okay. In the beginning, Shafi wrote an awesome and

00:58:08--> 00:58:11

widely wrote the book known as Elmo.

00:58:13--> 00:58:21

And these were the students are revered in Marathi and Mozart, he also wrote a notice and then you have

00:58:22--> 00:58:26

the era of expansion.

00:58:27--> 00:58:37

And you have a lot and a lot and a lot of scholars in this school of thought, it means range and confer it's very

00:58:39--> 00:58:51

neat and my wedding day enjoy nice Shiraz even as early and you go on and on to the scripting era and the second scripting era with the books on the right now.

00:58:52--> 00:59:06

What are the characteristics of Imam Shafi Imam Shafi was a student of Imam Malik he went and traveled to Medina and sat with Imam Malik and recited to Imam Malik the book of

00:59:08--> 00:59:10

a man Malik was Yanni

00:59:12--> 00:59:22

happy with having someone like him, I'm Shafi reading to him and taking knowledge from him. And he also studied to

00:59:23--> 00:59:47

the students or with the students of a man who hanifa A mathematic also took from them. So Imam Shafi managed to balance between the School of opinion and between the Hadith and he merged them together to have this great school of thought of an Imam

00:59:48--> 00:59:59

Shafi which is considered in so many aspects of it to be true and according to the sooner and if you come to the

01:00:00--> 01:00:16

Description of salad. You will find that this description of salad of Jeffrey school of thought is closest to the student that they do to work. Other schools don't they point the index finger according to the Hadith of the Prophet I some

01:00:17--> 01:00:19

other schools don't we have time or

01:00:20--> 01:00:21

why

01:00:22--> 01:00:25

have a school of thought when it comes to my school?

01:00:27--> 01:00:31

I think we will postpone it shala for today, and

01:00:33--> 01:00:41

I'm a little bit late. I was supposed to finish this, but tomorrow shala we will try to escalate things together with low waste.