Channel: Munir Ahmed
Series: Munir Ahmed - Fiqh us-Seerah
Arabia and the Arabs
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Mustard woman Yoda lil Allen to develop who should or should not What color was shadow in the season? We're happy banner, Mohammed or Sol Sol de la la la la la.
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all the low ISO gel in the lava lake or who you saw lunarlon Abby? Yeah even levina
solu Ali he was selling Taslima
Allahumma salli. ala Muhammad Ali Mohammed
Ali Ibrahim Majeed, Aloma vaticana Mohammed Ali Mohammed
Ibrahim Ali Ibrahim
We begin by praising Allah, praising him and sending his Peace and mercy on the final messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
The session we have now is following on obviously from the last one, which was three weeks ago now, maybe a bit disorientated, I'm sorry, I've just arrived back from abroad a few hours ago.
But inshallah now that's my plan to carry on.
With the session today, we looked last time. And I don't intend to go through it all, as a reminder that we were looking at the state of the world, East West, Roman Empire, Persian Empire, what the situation was, what their religions what the situation of
social life was,
women's place, etc. And we look to the Indian subcontinent and Western Europe in the dark ages to around that time, because that gave us a perspective for a dire need of the age of ignorance of the whole of humanity have fallen to the teachings really have a lot sent by through his messengers and been
mostly lost or corrupted.
This was a situation and we looked at,
we left looking at Arabia.
And because that's an entity in itself, in the background, before we come to build up to the story of a Saudi
and we look at the word out of first.
The word out of this difference of opinion amongst the compilers of Arabic dictionary language, linguists.
Perhaps the majority opinion is Arab, was given a name to a people who lived in Arabia. Arabia meant desert and what vast wasteland
as it is,
that's the most popular opinion. However, there are those linguists who say
Arab was referring to those who spoke eloquently, meaning elegance in language, and contrast a lot the second item, which is the rest of the world, because agile as described, to a person who doesn't speak Arabic is called an agile
and agile is an insulting word really means somebody who's speaking gibberish gibberish because it was gibberish to them. So it's a relative term Agia means those not speaking Arabic language, but our for them was somebody who was eloquent in Arabic language. Anyway, those are various differences of opinion on the meaning of Arab
Arabia itself, as it is now
was a vast desert plan.
And its relevance comes into being in regards to the story of Rasulullah Islam well before his time, and as salaam aleikum said that a lot shows from
From Ibrahim he chose is my email
from it's my email address alayhis salam,
he chose from them.
Like he says
from the kurush, he chose Hashem and from the Hashem he chose me, Allah subhanaw taala meaning this is these are all similar in Sahih Muslim, mentioning that the lineage of Rasulullah saw some goes back to Abraham and
this issue has historical debate, not from present day but from a long time, especially with some some orientalist and some Christian writers who objected to this vehemently. But their evidence for objecting to it is poor and vast majority of historians not just Muslim, but Christians and Jews accept the fact that the lineage of Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is back to its Malay slavery, bragging rights, but is to be aware that the dispute on this people raised like William Mueller or Margolis from long time back raised objections to this but Muslim historians and scholars wrote books and papers rejecting this false claim good properties are some didn't come from the house of
his mind the
reality is it's a technical issue doesn't take anything away from Rasulullah sallallahu Okay, it doesn't
so it's just that's why I'm not gonna go into the detail of it why why there is the objective etc, are linked with is the sacrifice who will sacrifice because
many from Jewish and Christian faith claimed that it was Isaac that was sacrificed not not Ishmael. Okay. So again, an area of debate but the evidence if we took from Quran and from biblical
and it's not absolutely clear could actually we describe as a misdemeanor is made, of course,
that when a Rahim lays down his son for sacrifice, but we know from other sources that it links most with
was settled by Ibrahim alayhis salaam in the valley of Dhaka. And backup is mentioned in the Quran. And all Allah among scholars clearly agreed that Becca is Mecca, as it came to be known as lead rope. And Becca is also referred to in the Christian Judaic rankings as well.
And we, without going into the details of the history, but this is the history of Zamzam and this is the history of
of Mecca first becoming a place of settlement because there's nothing there before.
And of course, this was in the the instructions of Allah subhanaw taala Brian left his wife and his child just in the wilderness and left them away. And
why that name was changed?
No, it's nothing specific came like yesterday was changed to Medina. I mean, that's from Rasulullah saw
the prophet SAW some himself changing it. We don't know why the beach change to an entanglement happens in if you look at history happens in many places, not to do with Muslims or non Muslims. It's just happened historically.
know, nothing specific and nothing explicit as to when it was changed. But it's interesting that even though the prophet SAW some time it's called Mecca, that the Quran uses the word but
in a wallaby ignacy nothing in the tsunami about why it was charity, sorry about that nice, nothing about why it was changed. Change, of course, promises them and all GAVI referring to Mecca and Medina. Yesterday it is mentioned Of course, it was like yesterday before the prophet SAW some settlement from Medina. But yeah, it was was clearly understood because it was nobody raising objections saying what this is talking about from the even though they knew that I was this historical.
And then the issue of Zamzam Of course
It was the angel that came etc. We don't want to go into the detail but sometimes origin of the which makes it a place for a civilization place of dwelling without water. It's impossible. Yeah. So
the the origins of Zamzam are all linked there.
And of course, the building of the karma, which Allah mentioned, what is the foul? foul, Ibrahima kawaii nominal bait to a smile when Abraham and it's my eel raised the foundations of the which indicates to you again the dualist mind.
They both raise the foundation of the Kaaba, you have a bra he will collide, I mean think of the house of the heart of the Kaaba
make dua for Allah to accept. And obviously they did that under oath of Allah.
So, and then there's a debate the whole debate amongst all ama as to whether they're the ones who built the house, the Kaaba first or was it already there? before there's nothing clear cut from Quran Hadith, but indirectly, when you look at it, and people allama have debated even indirectly on this, what is the or found a bra he will cover era when they raised the cover? The the walls, or the foundations, some say indicates that perhaps there was a foundation and they are re raising the foundation others have no it means they built the cover. And again, it's a debate we don't need to get whether it's this way or that way makes no difference. Really. Yeah. But both both can be
implied. Yeah. And but what's clear is the first house Quran says it in a while abating Woody Allen us meaningful worship.
The first house of worship built was the cobbler and
the cabin was built and actually what we should be clear about the hunch
the dwarf and
doing the hedge. We don't know exactly what format it was in the time. But But indications about it, having circumambulation dwarf excetera and worship etc, other other worship, but that was started Ibrahima Islam time. As Alice Walker says in the Quran, in Surah, hunch, West 26th and 27th. Allah says what is about what nearly Ibrahima McConnell bait and behold, we pointed to a site of Abraham appointed Abraham the site
of the Sacred House and learn to Shrek be Shea and say,
learn to speak be Shea water, he'll be the Aleppo ifim saying to Abraham, Abraham, Allah Islam, that in this place, do not associate anything in worship with me and purify, purify my house, Allah saying, for those who do tawaf around in the field well, Paul II mean what loci sujood and those who stand up meaning in worship and those who bow down and those who do servitude. So you see some form of worship involvement or constitute from that time, although we don't have it in the format clearly, as we have the Salah today but you can see there are elements of it even then.
And then Allah Fatah says what a thin financeable hedge and proclaim and call an event like avant cold human beings to the hedge
yet to curry Jalla wa ala Kulli Pomerania t Athena min Khalifa genomic, that they will come to you by foot on our on our on every lien camel from
from through deep and distant mountain highways. So the announcement for HUD is being made them
some of them are made so you can imagine Ibrahim al Islam building how many will have settled by then a handful of people may be around
when he makes this call. You get the call, look how far reach without any social media etc, etc. It took time. Yeah, it took time, but the coal is there today. And and we answer the call of Ibrahim Alayhi Salam Allah tells him love bacon lo Malik the pig Subhana Allah.
So many centuries, this is so the Hajj was established at that time.
It's minor Islam.
When he grew up,
there's a tribe called Jonathan
Durham. We're Arab tribe.
It's Malay slum. People say from hotjar, who was possibly from Arab origin. Yeah, but the real
Arab pneus of Ishmael and his progeny is not from a Grameen yet, but from his as he married his lineage, because Jerome are actually
Arab tribes of old who had migrated from Yemen.
So they were the Arab and Jerome settled around the area of Mecca where harjot ismaila, whoever and the few who are there. So this is the main tribe and community that settled and flourished in this area and spread from there to around the Arabian Peninsula.
General hum is way less not married a girl from a gentleman.
So it's my life slump through mine, the girl from a judo home, his progeny became the naturalized Arabs. They call out of labor, our labor, meaning they took on Arab because it was through him marrying
the girl from the gentleman.
So that's why when historians and Olimar divide Arabs, they divide Arabs into seek three categories of Arab
historically, they say there is a lot come back to the story of gentlemen.
We'll cover the distinction of the three main Arab
types, they say out of body that this is extinct Arab nations like ours and some old other some all of the ancient Arabs are a vida they became extinct there is because it will destroy as we know from the Quran, they will destroy our to whom Holden Islam was sent and samode to whom
Allah His center was sent. Yeah. So those are our bida then we have our of Alibaba.
Our arriba. And these
are also known as the
cost on our coffee colonies.
These are Arabs, again, that migrated from the Yemen area. It seemed most of the origins of the Arab are especially linked to the Yemen area, south of the Arabian Peninsula.
And why we mentioned them is because
one branch of the
art of arriba
is known as binary as binary as binary as from them, we have our son husbands
and who else and husbands
where they live
house and conflict and the unsolved
So, this is the some, you know, these things are not absolute, I mean, the ishmaelites and the idea, I will see the lineage of Rasulullah saw so to an extent is absolute, we know it was backwards, why Islam, and we know
the limits measured by Sahil Bahari, back to unknown and between anon back to Israel, Islam, there's a big amount of time. And then there's there's nothing authentic to the names of each of the fathers as it were, in that lineage, various things are being put forward, but
it's not necessary. So again, the some of these things are precarious, but other things that are established. Yeah, sometimes the details are precarious and absolute, as we'll see, with much of the story of Syria, as I mentioned to you before, so we sometimes mentioned detail and you think well, he could be like that could be like that, even in this definition. Some debated the, the Tommy's the house of husbands were actually part of out of Mustafa as well. Which are the ishmaelites. Other set No.
So that debate is still there.
As to whether the ishmaelites or not, but anyway going by this
Definition definition which is most often used than the bundle, which is part of the Bonnie's house and husbands were a part of them have a son.
And those were also also part of them. The son, a settled, Arab settled very northwest of the Arabian Peninsula more towards the sharm towards Syria and Palestine. And those, those were in the
Arabian Peninsula itself. That was the tribe of the famous poet called to fail
to fire dosi, who was a famous poet who came when the prophet SAW Salah was preaching around the Kaaba in Mecca in the early years of Prophet mode. And
he came for the pilgrimage, etc, as other Arabs did. And the most deikun was spreading lies and bad things and telling people he's a sorcerer, don't listen to his words, etc, etc. So he said, he turned up and put cotton wool in his ears.
Yeah, because they warned him not to listen, don't be bewitched.
So that's the story of to fail. And we know what happened eventually took it out, because he said, I'll appoint myself I can tell, I can distinguish whether it's false or truthfulness, etc. And when he heard the message, so
if they said the Shahada, and famously, he went back and the whole of his dose of dose, which is one of the tribes of the of ottima,
macaque colonies, they all became Muslim embraced Islam. And the third thing is, as I said before, when we started out of nostalgia, the naturalized Arabs
known as the
nanites. agnostics, because the lineage going back
to Earth, none of
this is in this are many tribes, but including the kurush. Yeah, many tribes including the Quran
and and the
idea of Quraysh is rarely again, when you look at Ismail and his whole progeny coming down the the tree of lineages at work could come much further down. So other tribes will be branching off in different directions. Yeah, by all of them under the title of ishmaelites. Oh.
Now, coming back to adaboost arriba. We come back to Judo even
at the time of this melee slump, so the project is therefore Judo home. And, and the teachings of Ibrahim a slog through his minor Islam continued for some time,
for some time, the teaching of monotheism, and there's no idol worship, etc. And it seems In fact, the idol worship didn't exist for a long period of time because historian said gentlemen, stayed in this area and spread from there, from the from
his mind and his progeny spread from there for 20 centuries.
And after that, they were ousted with a war because A Tribe Called Hosea, Hosea came and took over the
Mecca and the surrounding areas.
And they were ousted out. Famously, it is mentioned by historians the gentlemen
as the left,
they buried the Zamzam.
Some said they bury Zamzam so it couldn't be found after that.
And that's important because it's linked with the story of the mortality.
The buried the Zamzam with various treasures and is mentioned the Blackstone as well.
Before the gentleman left who said well, if we're not going to benefit from it, you're not gonna benefit from it either. So husar nevertheless continued to rule in the area for about three centuries. But it was nevertheless through Hosea
that the ad nanites or JSON remember a link to the triangle is made or less now re entered and that was more the time of Hussein.
many people say who say is called correct.
Many people say who say not because could say sounds like race, nothing to do with that. Others say
That two or three generations down the line before him is somebody called, in fact, 1234556 generations.
Before him, somebody called Phil, who was also very famous. They said he was called Christ. So there's this difference of opinion, as to when the Quraysh tribes began is the same lineage, some called fair,
Christ, many called, who say, Christ.
And why chorus again, debates about why he was called courage. Some said he was called grace as a nickname. Because
grace means, like a shark. And he may have been somebody as a child, and therefore he was known as, as a nickname, Christ, and it just sticks with people you see. So it's a name. And then the tribes that come from the person become known as Quraysh. Name referring to kosei are the same grace because he gathered all the tribes. Yeah, of the crunch together. So gathering the tribes, I said, this is why he was named crisil various opinions about it, but we go by, perhaps we know more certainly about per se than we do about five or six generations earlier. Qusay is also known by some historians as a Muslim man, for that very reason that he was able to master and bring the tribes
Yeah, gatherer tribes together because of his authority, and he's nobility.
He was very clever and had obviously Real Presence. He was like the leader. And it wasn't the idea they elected a leader. It was just that his nobility and because it was
belonging to this particular tribe, and his cleverness and his ability and pro se was able to gather and therefore make peace between many and therefore be like a ruler over them.
Qusay is the one who established also
a few things he established and took control at this time
of the opening and closing the doors of the Kaaba, only he's allowed that authority
or he established a place called daughter najwa the house of gathering like a council chamber for the leaders together and take Shura mushara on like a ruling
like a parliament, you could say, so, establish a place in the harem, Darren najwa.
And also, he took responsibility for sakarya and the father, which is giving drink and also providing for those who are unable to food and settlements for those who come from pilgrimage genre.
So he took all those responsibilities Well, he's famous for that, and also famous that we actually to help towards providing sustenance for those who are of little
little wealth to came for pilgrimage. He put a stipend like a tax, a yearly tax before the space to the hedge on the Quraysh test the rich ones so they contribute towards providing
sakaya now some historians mentioned supplier
as being providing the Zamzam water but others mentioned that it was a special water they used to stop date and raise in the water so there's like a sweet water which gave them not just liquid but because of the glucose etc from the race and the reason they gave them nourishment as well. So it was like a special
water provided for the
pilgrims at a time.
So that was a Passaic was saying was also.
Yeah, so gathering again is also famous for establishing the journeys which Coronavirus in the electric race dealer for him. They were known as elf. They had a cheetah he was the winter and the summer journeys. These were business journeys. That per se established because of his making a true season.
with tribes beyond the, the immediate tribes, okay? And these were journeys in the winter to Yemen for trade, and in the summer northwards to sharm, Palestine, Syria and beyond to Turkey in the Roman territory. And you see these journeys continue at the time of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, but they were established during his time, they say, and that's why he became so famous because this provided of course, affluence, and and through the business, and not just nobility, but also wealth to the kurush through these business and trade journeys for those who were able to partake of them, and the leadership, the grace because say,
because they were controlling the worship aspect, which is the doors of Aqaba, Sokaiya and be further
giving nourishment looking after the pilgrim. So they've got an authority. Now, linked with it, they have the commercial authority as well.
So they had that kind of control. And you see that historical presence of grace
is linked with all this. This is why Quraysh
were the people around the whole of the Arabian Peninsula that all the Arabs looked up to, because of the Kaaba and because of the the spiritual link, even though it was deviant. Yeah, it was linked with idol worship, because the spiritual religious link and also the,
the the wealth link as well.
to say, Now,
before I go down further into the linear journey, and things get more in detail,
I should mention
that the situation
of Arabia is interesting to see something first reflect on because Allah Dinis wisdom chose that time when we looked at the world situation, but that place
to send his final messenger, Muhammad sallahu wa salam, and from that place amongst those people, and Allah knows his wisdom, and he says,
there's nothing, nothing stopping us from looking out for some of that wisdom. And we'll never know for absolute certainty because Allah decides these things. But part of it
Arabia, historically is very interesting.
Because this vast wasteland, actually, it left the Arabs,
despite all that, and if you look at the time before, so last time, you got the Roman Empire to the west, and you got the Persian Empire to the east.
And the Romans between them and the Persians have their influence over Yemen.
Yeah, but in the heart of Arabia, they don't really venture because I just see people no matter you know, too difficult, wild, just leave them to it. So they were very, they're a free nation. There are the remainder free nation.
Nobody had actually conquered them
and subdue them if they didn't have the slave mentality.
That free nation and free spirit is so important as well, because it gives a sense of confidence, a sense of no fear of anyone. Yeah. They knew about the the empires of course of the Persians etc. And for them, it was a great opportunity because because of the constant war between the Romans and the Persians, it often prevented trade from growing across the land from the Persian side across the Arabian Peninsula to the Roman side,
especially from India, etc, and beyond. So instead, from India, the trade route would be to from the sea,
to Yemen, and from Yemen, onwards through caravans through Arabia. Yeah, all across the sea from Jeddah and other ports to Abyssinia Ethiopia. Yeah, or not that way, but caravans as we mentioned, going from Yemen via Mecca. Mecca was such an important
place on route to taking goods back and forth to Syria and Turkey and beyond to the CC that helped them actually to
become even more important because of the trade routes.
And in that regard, that meant because
either foreigners were bringing goods one security and safety, from highway robbers, etc. So doing deals with them, not only do they get a percentage from the good because they were safeguarding and providing safeguard through their, their territory, yeah. And beyond that, they also partook of the trade itself, the business people amongst them as well. So that that makes it a very key position strategic position, linking the east of the world to the west of the world of the civilized world at a time if you think about it really.
Religious religion wise.
of course, a gradation and it is said,
Remember, I said to you after 20 centuries of German rule, Mozart took over. And Jose, Aldo was from German, married into Jose. And then basically, the leadership went back to the
Israelites who say, but closer as one of the leaders of Hosea was famously known as an urban law, hey, I'm able to help
it he said that he was the first person to introduce idol worship on the Arabian Peninsula after
after monotheism, and the Jerome etc. He was the first person and the prophet SAW some dude just mentioned in Hadith in Bukhari,
that the focus I saw in a vision
of hate in the fire,
dragging his intestines behind him.
In addition, Buhari progresses from set because he was the first one who established the idea of
A sativa was an animal like camel etc, who they used to let wander around freely, nobody could saddled them, nobody could take any benefit from them. Yeah, for the sake of the items.
So prophesized, I mentioned that Mojave.
And other there are other narration, which mentioned that he was the first one in seed I certainly mentioned and there are very supportive indicator, it's very likely, especially some added from the profit size that I'm indicating is in the fire. And this study also links with that as well, that this, and the publisher said that he was a leader. He was a leader of prusa that is established from the prophet SAW Salem.
And apparently, he traveled to the Sham where he saw idol worship.
Yeah, and then from there, he brought the idol of hooba.
The idol of hobo, and this whole bottle
was placed on the roof of the Kaaba. And it was still that time of a soloist on the live solo, and the Quraysh and Arabs used to pray to Hobart as one of the main stone gods, and especially in warfare, they would turn to hobo worshipping hobo.
Of course, hobo wasn't the only idol.
And it is mentioned in so many places about 360 idols
at the Kaaba at the Shiloh Kaaba. So even though the main is horrible curation other items as well, sometimes were just a big stone.
Yeah, and there was sacrifice towards it.
And they are also allowed, of course, because of the pilgrimage. This idea either was to spread amongst the Arab and people then started bringing their own idols from where they were coming. Yeah, and various tribes coming for regular pilgrimage placed their idols there and out of respect for them and business. The Qureshi allowed them to keep the idols and hence the 360 odd idols because different tribes have them placed there. So when they come, they worship their idols.
The famous idol also links aside from hobo with Mecca was in the Valley of nakhla. And that was the idol of alausa.
Yeah, so you have people come closer
because that was one of the
Another one of their main idols, although it wasn't in the harem, it was placed enough just to the east of Mecca. On the way back from Fife
and for the soccer field advice, their main idol
which they finally managed to destroy very late on towards the end of time of the soul loss lessons profit for
the world. So, I let some said Oh, they took the word Allah. Yeah, and tried to feminize it and call that idol alert from that.
you know, definite on that. And some, of course, ignorant
orientalist or ignorant non Muslims in the West and Christians say, Oh, these are the ones who believe in a lot I mean, a lot.
They think we worship some God called Allah
linked with the, the time of ignorance of the Arabs, because there are those as you know, who say, Oh, no, no, you don't watch the same God. We said, No, no, it's the same God, the Creator of the heavens and the earth except that you associate Jesus with it. We don't it's the same God we believe in the Jews, the Christians and Muslim That's true. But others those who try and die so No, no, you believe in Allah.
But the counselor is very clear that the, the Arabs and the Quraysh and people in Mecca
majority believed in Allah.
Quran mentions in many places that they say we only worship them to bring us closer to Allah.
They made the angels into Daughters of Allah they believed in Allah.
Yeah. And they made these goddesses and Gods etc. They said they show for our honor, they are Lucia offers, intercede on our behalf so we worship and bow down to them. But as far as
believing in Allah is concerned, it's very clear that the vast majority of them believed in Allah Allah. Allah says, well, in CELTA home, man holla sama wati. Wa, was Sahara shamsur welcomer.
If you were to ask them
yeah, if you were to question them as to who created the heavens and the earth, and subdued the sun and the moon
layer who will learn the law they will definitely say Allah
who saying that? No Muslims, this is Muslims saying it at the time of the saucer. They said no, it's Allah. Yeah, for and now you know, Allah says and how you do, how they've been diluted? Why they In other words, bowing down to others may with their own hands can benefit them when they sang themselves. Allah is the one Allah says in the same surah in Surah 29 along Caboose
for rocky boo Phil folk that will la McCullough senior level Dean, and when they embark on a shake, yeah, they call out to Allah Tao will la Ha. Sincerely purely only exclusively devoting themselves to him falam manager whom Allah Akbar.
Allah says, and then
when Allah has delivered them safely
saved them to the land delivered them to the land, meaning that they've ended up in also implies here they've ended up in difficulty, danger of drowning and shipwreck etc, calling unto Allah, Allah then saves of the colon Paula, when Allah Samsung, behold, they then go back to that shark, go back to that show.
So what is clear is that the vast majority believed in Allah, but they sin. Of course the greatest sin is associated with Allah makes it worse that you actually acknowledge our life straighten the heavens and the earth and subdued and given you everything, and then you doing show with him, but among some devil doors, like the atheists of today?
Who didn't believe in God who says oh, well, it's just time. They rejected believing there were there were some who were like that as well. The milk heads of DFS are rejecters.
we also find amongst them
Christianity and Judaism, and Meiji ism, which is the fire worshippers, fire worshippers the Persians had a little influence
on the eastern side because that's where the Persian Empire was. So the Arab tribes near that side will be influenced by them.
Christianity and Judaism, of course, Christianity had its influence on the Roman Empire,
an Eastern Roman Empire was also Christian. So Christianity had certainly, and had monks and preachers would come and affected some tribes. And, and we know, although not many, but there were some, some.
And we know about what akabane nofal for example, who was a cousin of Khadija being toilet, the wife of a civil last last alum, present in Mecca at the time of a civil war? Who was a Christian, and a few others who actually became Christian, a handful of people after their travels to Syria, etc. Yeah, man, it's interesting because you ever went through a period of becoming
Jews, and they actually persecute the Christians, and fought by force, tried to make people into Jews, and in a historical time, then later, this was this Yemen area was overtaken by
the Eastern Roman Empire through Ethiopia.
Just before the birth of Russell was awesome, it was under the governorship of Christians. And it was Christian. And abraha.
abraha was the governor of Yemen, who was a representative on behalf of Ethiopia as a senior under the negus abraha was there in Yemen as the governor of the ruler,
building cathedrals and churches, etc. So certainly there was influence of Christianity there as well.
So, uh, nevertheless,
the effect of Christianity was, and Judaism was minimal, was minimal, vast majority, as I said, well mushriks
in the Arabian amongst the Arabian tribes, but as we'll come to see lecture on the three famous tribes of Jews had definitely a presence in Medina in yesterday, which we'll come to later on. Now, the last thing to mention about the logistics operation and maybe what times the lung
The last thing to mention about religious situation amongst the this all the shift, etc, and other things going on, plus majority of a shirt, there were a handful of people who
don't describe us following Dean hanafy or
not Hana fees as in another. This is before the super last lesson. In case Some people claim that we have 100 fees before the Messenger of Allah as well. So that's the best model to follow because they will who know
the Hani fee is mentioned from Ibrahima Islam,
meaning that they had a Mani monotheistic belief, they rejected idol worship, and they claimed to be following the teachings of Abraham. But there were a handful of people and
they were mentioned by name light, but what are cupping? nofal, for example, are mentioned already. Abdullah ninja I think even Josh was another one
of Monaco Hawaii is
a third one zayde these three that I mentioned,
they historically, they were searching and they rejected idol worship, but they traveled and so that travels that became Christine
one of them zayde in Amber
He was an uncle of our photographer, and
he also rejected idol worship.
And nevertheless, he didn't he, it is mentioned in history that he searched and looked at Judaism and wasn't satisfied satisfied with Judaism, all with
Christianity, and he just called himself one who was following Abraham.
As he was famous also for, like running an orphanage for girls. Because it is said historically he used to approach some tribes that used to bury girls at the time he
saw them as a negative is
many stories give the impression that this was widespread amongst the Arabs, it wasn't. It was a handful of tribes that majority didn't do that. Although the situation in regards to a woman's position was negative, but majority didn't come to resolve to actually bring the girls but there were a few that did that. And it is said that they didn't used to approach such families and technicals. Often anyone's running like a an orphanage looking after bringing up children interesting.
I think it's a good point to stop
giving you a background, I still haven't looked at the the sort of social situation but majority in regards to Arabia, it's a relevant summit come up to the story. As far as the ishmaelites are concerned to crusade which we've covered many corporations, we will move from that further down the line to the some last lesson and as we go through the likes of Hashem and Abdulmutallab next time in sha Allah,
but this gives you an overall picture of what the history of Arabia is, who the Arabs were, and what the situation in the guests their religion was what happened to religion, Ibrahim alayhis salam, and we'll just complete a little bit with that as well in regards to what happened, how the Hydra was corrupted, etc. And next time as we move along with the story, Charlotte,
towards the performance
of Paul Galliano suffered in order for Rahim that one