Daurah Fiqh – Ep.02
Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem
File Size: 31.16MB
alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad in while he was
a member of the cinema
How long do we have for the second session? When our
when our executive till 12 o'clock?
we now have this
very compelling question,
do the companion, legislate,
do the companions legislate.
So, it's in, in red in front of you saying, No, but I have a problem. If they do not legislate, how can we accept that Friday has to advance while at the time of the Prophet So Sam, it had one other.
How can we explain that the Prophet alayhi salatu salam flogged those who drank intoxicants 40 lashes, while Rama, may Allah be pleased with them, made them
we have a number of cases that may not seem to be, as we claim, and that is the companions do not legislate. So do they legislate or not?
Again, the question, compelling question, the answer is in red. No, they don't. So how do we understand some of the incidents where the companions did something? The Prophet did not do. First of all,
a well known fact that the companions do not innovate. Binda is not acceptable by the companions because they never ever innovated.
Rule ground rule number one, ground rule number two.
The Prophet stated it is Salatu was Salam abide by my Sunnah. And
that's one of the whole affair or Russia do the rightly guided companions so who instructed us to follow their sooner?
The Prophet alayhi salatu salam, so they do not legislate, but rather, may improvise in things that Islam needs. And the Prophet indicated to only follow them. Who are they
mobicred Roemer man, and Addy.
And if you look, you will find everything that they have come up with, serves Islam, and doesn't go against it. The biggest thing, and most prominent of all, is the compiling of the Quran.
It was abubaker May Allah be pleased with him, or was it rough man?
It was both.
The first compilation come by elation was by Abu Bakr, and this was when the robot read the the words of Apostasy took place. A lot of those who memorize the Quran, were martyred. So they came to abubaker and they told him listen, the those who memorize the Quran are dying, and they are diminishing in number. So we have to compile the Quran so that people would not make mistakes because as the nation grew, people came into Islam. And they may Yanni find it difficult to relate to the Quran when we have only a few people memorizing it. So he liked the opinion compiled the for an may Allah be pleased with him. And it stayed until the time of man. Of course they ordered in the
time of Obamacare. They even Shabbat Metallica the hardest I was
martyred in the atheist habit. He is one of the greatest scholars of the companions
He's young, he mastered if I'm not mistaken, he mastered Hebrew in 13 days, less than two weeks, he mastered it by the order of the prophet Isaiah Sanam, so that they can relate to the Torah and read it and know if they're lying or not to him. And the Prophet said today salatu salam, that he would come on the Day of Judgment, ahead of the scholars of Islam by a throw of a stone. So we v their Imam way ahead of them on the Day of Judgment. So zendium is habit compiled, the core and anyone who had written whether on a leaflet or whether on the palm trees, leaves or on a stone or an a bone, anything you have bring it, not that they do not memorize it, they all memorize it, among them as
men of man reciting the Quran in one record,
from cover to cover,
and high season, from Asia to fortune, one record,
so he was a master of the whole and in memorization, and all of them, but when he compiled the Quran, he said, anyone who comes with the Quran, he has to bring two witnesses with him. And it's a long process. Now, at the time of this man, no, they had to come on, okay. At the time of the earth man, a lot of the nations entered into Islam. So the Persians, the Egyptians, the CD ends, the coptics accepted Islam, and people had different dialects. So they came to earth man has said, we have only one copy, that is the master copy, known as half soft
copy. So we would like to duplicate and write and send it so that people in different regions would have a
roadmap to follow and the original copy. So they made four copies, also by zeta myth, habit, associated and assisted by three or four other companions from Porsche, because they had the pure tongue of the Arabs. And they did this and it went. So now, is this legislating? No? Is it the same parent? Yes, nothing changed. But this was not practiced at the time of the Prophet as though the prophecy was there. One would say How dare they do something that was not that at the time of the prophet Isaiah. So Allah says, Alif Lam Meem radical keytab.
That is the book, which book, The Quran, but it wasn't compiled, Allah telling us it is a book, which means that it will be compiled and it was compiled. So companions do not legislate. Rather, the four caliphs occur more often and I didn't reproduce with them, they would improvise with little little rulings that pertain into the protection of Islam fight.
So after the death of the Prophet alayhi salatu, salam, you read this on your own,
I hate reading English, by now before going to
the second stage, which is the stage of pre doctrine stage, which relates to the companions era and the tambourine era. If we look at the companions era,
there were recorded that 130 of the companions about give or take few
were coated to be fatwah.
How many companions were there? There are more there were more than 100,000. For those who went for Hajj with the Prophet Assam, what approximately 100,000
the fine for me, the meaning of companion.
The Arab Mohammed is not sufficient.
Believe you can meet but you will not believe so you meet the Prophet. So you believe in the Prophet. So?
Yes, this is very important that he dies on Islam.
So this is the definition of a companion
of the Prophet Alayhi Salam
To sell them. Now, can any one of you say that I'm the companion of awesome? No, I need to have like five, six CDs to know you. We have to eat together, you have to invite me a lot outside, so that we can relate and say, yes, we're companions. Except when it comes to the profit alleys of Ceylon, the owner of companionship is sufficient by meeting him by believing in Him and dying on Islam. And you'll become a companion. But of course they are what
levels that go way, way up. Like the 10, heavenly bound
of the companions, may Allah be pleased with them. And then it can be with someone who just met the Prophet s Salaam, gave Salaam and left not even heard anything of him. There are companions that did not even hear. One of the companions was five years old. And he's considered to be one of the youngest. He said, all what I remember.
He said five years old kid, that when I saw the Prophet he was performing.
And he was turning the water in his mouth, he saw me he spit in my face.
You know, what do you play with the children? Is it this is the only thing I remember. But he still is considered to be a companion. What is the big role of companions, men and women? What's the difference? No. There are men, yes. Women doubtful. Why?
The levels of the companions is so high to the extent that the Prophet said at a selection do not abuse do not curse my companions. For if one of you were to give the amount of effort in gold, for the sake of Allah, this would not reach the mood of one of them of grain. Not even half of it.
What does this mean? Yeah, and he the Prophet is saying that to his companions. And you know, who he said this idea to?
Does anybody know?
You don't know. You have some Sahabi known name Harley Davidson.
His nickname is
say for love the sword of Allah. De confining right. He had a dispute, verbally, with a man in one of the 10 heaven bound, both from koresh both are great companions. The Prophet alayhi salatu was Salam was married to the aunt of Haile demurely, and by the way, harlot, and Abdullah bass, were cousins. They had to to their mothers were sisters.
And the third mother, or the third sister was married to the prophet who was maimunah
and had melody peace with them. So the Prophet has said and when he saw a moment of clashing with harlot, Khalid is safe Allah, the warrior, the great Legion, he's addressing college college, do not abuse or curse or fight with my companions. He didn't say,
I'm your companion as well. No, no, no, there is a difference between heaven and earth. This is at the Roman Empire. Now, one of the first three or four you accept this lab. Who are you? You accepted Islam on the eighth fear of hegira meaning after 21 years of Abdullah man accepting Islam and you abusing my companion by Allah if you were to give the mountain of offered in gold, for charity, this would not be even as close as Abdullah giving his full hand of grain, not even his half hand.
And this is addressed to who to highlight. Now adays we find imbeciles hypocrites talking about the companions of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, slandering them. I'm not talking about Africa. These are trash. I'm not any I'm not even mentioning them. I'm talking about people who call themselves should never come on live TV.
Talking about why we're even having sufian he used to scribe the Quran with the way he was revealed. The Prophet would tell him while he can write.
His father is a was one
who was an enemy but then became a companion and then died in the course of Allah. His sister is
The mother of the believers. Woman, what many What's her name?
What's your mother's name? My mother's name is Fatima. Yeah, what is your the wife of the prophets name?
Oh, Habiba. What's that original name?
So handle so many gifts I have, but I'm not presenting to anyone. Rama,
Rama, Alicia, these are your mothers. You have to know them. I once went to a hospital
with one of my daughters.
in the reception, she said, What's your daughter's name? I said, Julia.
And they said, What?
Is it? Julia? Yeah, she wasn't from Egypt, said Why?
What do you mean? Why should Why choose such a situation you happen to have the wife of the prophet Isaiah said, I'm a Menominee.
I never heard of this name.
She's a Muslim. She's a Punjabi. She has never, ever heard of the names of our mother. And son, when I tell you what are their mother's name, it was deja
This is problematic. This is essential of your religion.
And you have to know your history. Without history, you don't have any present presence. And you don't have any future. You need to know these people because Sharla when you enter agenda,
you will be with them. Insha Allah. So
what brought us so you do not come close to saying any negative thing about the companions. They're not because if you do, you may face the issue of not entering gentle with them.
You have to have a clean heart to them by so they were 130 of the companions, we are very pleased with them
that were coated to give back to them.
Now, their classification are as follows one
some of the companions were known to be plentiful in giving federal so we have great volumes and books of them. Collective and for example, Ramadan, no hapa there is a two volume big book this much of his fat was on everything.
Hammer was allergy. One of the scholars of Syria is old. I think he's still living, but he is a researcher and he compiled these from different different books.
Seven one of them were
plentiful, and they were Omar
even miss rude. What's his first name?
that'd be Bucher they did.
tabet make the distinction between zeta
and zeta when
they didn't had his father off.
They didn't had it was the adopted son of the Prophet Sam before adoption was abrogated. And he loved Osama his son, who was black.
And he loved his father, who was Zaid, who was wait. And people used to talk behind the back saying that, Oh, can he be black and his father's White is any something fishy? Not knowing that his mother was Emma's mother was on why when at a senior slave who used to care for the provenance and she was so old, but so Pamela
they didn't have that was Maddie.
Oh, Zainab bint
She is the cousin of the Prophet that is Oceana. She was from koresh. And the Prophet advised her to marry his freed slave adopted slave. She married him but she did not like him. He used to complain to him. And she used to complain, but he said, keep keep staying and he'd be patient until Allah ordered
them to be separated and then all the profit to marry her so that the Arabs would know that there is no adoption. How can he marry his daughter in law if he was my son, but he's not
So this is what happened anyhow.
Yes. So Zane
is the scholar of the companions. And even at bass, his father His name is
we often see and hear the Abba dealer.
They saw other dealer of the companions. They are referring to the love neuroma. I'm the love ms road. I'm the love bass, and I Billa have now in the last and also there is the law hipness debate. So these five about the law narrated Hadees. They were scholars who used to give fatwa depending on little or more anymore, so we have even aroma. May Allah be pleased with it. So the three Abdullah road, even aroma, and even at bass were among those scholars who used to give a lot of fat one. We have so many big volumes, stage to the moderate, not a lot, but not what little and they were 13. Among them was Abu Bakar Earth man on selama whose home cinema, the mother of the believers, the
wife of the Prophet alayhi salatu was Salam. And as a Malik, Abu Saeed huri Abu hurayrah, Abdullah bin Nasser in the last in a Zubair that is Abdullah Mohammed Abu Musab al ash id jabil. Even
more I've been Jebel sad in the IV walk cos sell man who Sandman,
these companions, may Allah be pleased with them. If we would just like to give a preview.
It will take our day. But living with the companions is second to none, you have to see, when you study to see you refresh your heart, but sometimes it becomes bored. Not because you're recovered. But this is human nature. Sometimes you pray to emulate, you become bored. So that does that mean I'm sinful? No, this is human nature, you get bored. So you have to change. Now, if you study to see if you said if you look if you said the Heidi, and you will become bored, what to do PlayStation four, no, go to Sierra, go to the companions, this refreshes your heart because whenever you compare yourself to them, and to the difficulties, you find that you settle down once you read it, and it
gives you a lot of boost and power Sharla to move on.
third category those who gave at one but it was very, very little. And among them is Allison and that Hussein, who are they the sons of God and Fatima
obey Him in a car, though, obey is one of the learned companions in for an the Prophet told us learned or an from for obeying the cap
of the law, wrote in noumea Salim Mola or the Buddha and so on. So obey was a well known, established scholar, but not everyone used to give fatwa. They used to feel saying halal Haram, if I asked Now, what's the ruling on this? I'll get everybody saying
they're very big, no problem. You've asked what's your ruling on hedge fund?
Some say home mortgages, you find a lot of fatwas from people who are not even qualified. The Companions used to what? Hold back. Even if they had knowledge that is 99%. They were afraid that this 1% may take them to hell. So why should I bother? Take it to share, share, share? So the fact we're used to go round and come back to the individual once again, each one is pushing it to the one next to him. Unlike what we do today, we have this.
I wouldn't say call it courage. But it is carelessness when you have people saying Yeah, how long?
Or how long without proper knowledge.
obeying the God, you and I'm sorry, asthma meant the burger is a diminished outcome. So ban
The servant of the Prophet Alayhi, Salatu, salam, and so on.
We move on to the different categories.
In the name says jurisprudence and knowledge have spread in the nation, by the hands of the students of evenness rule is a fabric. I'm the loving aroma. And I'm beloved now the bass, which means that these four prominent companions were the cause of spreading knowledge, systematically, in the Islamic world how the Medina school had two prominent companions, Ava Norma and zeytinburnu Savage.
They does this mean they were no other companions?
No, there were so many we said that 130 but not every one of them had their own students who would take the knowledge and pass it on. And this is the difference between the different schools of thought we will come to that inshallah
by Mecca, who was the soul companion that dominated the network and the spreading of knowledge.
And in Iraq, we had the great scholar, the great companion of the law, economists rude. And when we say that they were the schools of jurisprudence, the companions who spread it, bear in mind, when we talk about scholars, we do not compare them to nowadays scholars,
Arabic is good,
they're fluent. Not only that, I'm an Arab.
Originally, but I'm born in Arabia, I'm a native of I don't speak anything my mother tongue, even my father son is out of it.
But my Arabic compared to theirs is like one out of 1000
series, one out of 1000 because then Arabic is pure fossa backed by poetry, by prose by so many things, just to explain to you one single word.
So if I want to come to the word like rain,
they are solid. This is the basic we study not as an example any student of knowledge when they go to university, in the
subject of ossola, they bring you the difference in meaning of one word to emphasize the importance of Arabic. You cannot be a students of knowledge without Arabic. First off, and we always give the example of
an Arabic It refers to the letter in the alphabet, I in rain, okay.
It also refers to
the I it's called nine. It refers to a spy who comes because he snoops it on it refers to the spring Island fee how to some Sevilla. Okay, so it's a spring coming from, it refers to the entity of the thing, I use shape, I know a shape the thing itself, the entity of the thing, so many meaningful one word, if you don't know Arabic,
you are gone. And I always give this example I don't know if I was give it or not. here somewhere else. I was doing a course in eminence, about the funeral preparation. If a person dies, how to shroud him how to wash him, the things we do with the things we don't before the death after death, the prayer the burial. So I was reading in one
website of America of any man of America, America. Correct, has to be so the man is saying the man is translating a hadith. He says seven are martyrs in Islam, other than those who die in the battlefield.
So he's saying the one who dies under a collapsing building in fire, drowning and stabbed.
by a knife.
First time I heated this so I know the Hadith by heart said What is this?
in reading the Arabic, the word is macaroon.
macaron has two meanings, one stabbed with a knife, the other meaning is playing
our own. So the person of dies of our own is called more prone. So the man because being not Arab, so says, one of the martyrs is the man being stabbed. So if I'm in Harlem
and a man says, Hey, give me a wallet or establish an
alma mater and then I die and discovered that the translation was wrong.
So, it is important in Islam in students have knowledge you learn out of it, not just learn it, master it.
So that when you read the Quran, you feel the connection, but now, you are depending on my translation of whatever I see. And I say and this is why this is my translation.
And there are mistakes, but you are following my mistakes. And this we will come inshallah to discuss later on when we come to blind following, or he had to flee the system. So these four great companions to in Medina who
Shabbat of the love neuroma one in Makkah, the loved one in Iraq, and Billa, even mushroom, again, their knowledge is none compared to us. It's sufficient to know that our beloved westroads said, I've taken from the mouth of the Prophet Islam, straight more than 70 surah how many suitors are the Quran?
114 Yeah, and he missed 44 soldiers. He wasn't there. But he took it the following hour, or the following day from the combat but he took from the prophets mouth, straight more than 70 sewers. We don't even learn the Quran from a chef.
We just learned it from maybe memorizing it in the masjid. There are scholars who memorize the Quran, to the Prophet with a chain of narratives. So he says, He comes to you, my shame is shown. So he learned from history and so on. So, so and so so and so to the prophet Isaiah sell.
Their knowledge is like ours, definitely. So knowledge is something that is really heavy, it's not something that you go like to McDonald's drive thru one big mac and one macro piece. And you move on this is not knowledge, this is drive through knowledge. This is drive through knowledge, you have to develop, you have to devote time, you have to spend eight, nine hours a day reading, researching, calling, share, hi read this, what is the meaning of this? I don't understand. You have to communicate, not just attend the course. And that is it. You have to pay more attention in Sharla.
by Jews, Judas students and fill in that tab in error. Now, these companions had
disciples had students. So in Medina, who were the students, we find that we had the seven jurists known as alpha, a samurai. And we had Salim, winner, and azuri. What is this? Now if we would like to go into details?
This would take a full day. Because you have to know who are the seven jewelers, but I'll give you the name.
Everybody knows say that man. Was he?
One of the great tambourine.
One of the most well known facts about him. He said that I prayed in the message of the Medina for 50 years in the first row, never missed the first row. And for 40 years, or sorry, I prayed 50 years never missed the deck beer utterly wrong. But 40 years of them. I never looked at the back of someone in front of me because there was no one in front of me.
What kind of if he was behind him? Yes, but he was maybe a little bit to the right.
Don't be technical.
So this say the moon was he
was Yanni you go
To his life story,
how his daughter, he rejected the proposal of the son of the king.
He proposed to his daughters, no. And he gave his daughter to the poorest student of his whose wife died. So he gave it to her to him. And after the seven days of the wedding, the man was prepared to go. She said, What are you going to do? I'm going to attend your father's class said, stay. What you find with him, you'll find with me. He said, I started learning from her. And I found her full of knowledge like her father. So he skipped his father, his teachers classes, he stayed with his wife. She's more knowledgeable. So he didn't say
Who was his mother?
But he was not a companion. He did not see the Prophet as he was born. After the death of the Prophet Allah is awesome. His father was a debater, now I'm one of the 10 heaven bound, he was a knowledgeable scholar of the tambourine
Sim, the son of Mohammed in Alabama. So, his grandfather was a boubakeur. So deep, then you have obeyed the law and
then the son of zaidan his habit, his name is hydrogen. So, again, all their parents were companions were scholars. So they match anybody up and the seventh, there is a difference of opinion among scholars. The most authentic is Abu Salah, the son of Abdullah
and some say he is other than that, we will not go into this inshallah. So these are the seven jewelers well known in Medina, at the time of the tambourine to be places of fatwah. Anyone who has a problem he goes through them,
but also with them was Salim, who was selling the son of the love neuroma.
So I'm belemnite Ahmad was the prominent Mufti along with zaidan sabot. So his son was very silent in Abdullah neuroma. The other one is not fair. And who's not fair, the freed slave of Amen, amen again. So again, all those connected to in Oman were scholars of the religion and azuri in new Shahab, as robbery
was one of the top and he and he's also one of the well known scholars of Medina. If you go to Mecca,
you will find the students of it numbers and you have appa ignorable, he was freed slave.
But he came
to become or he ended becoming one of the greatest scholars of Islam of Mecca. The halifa came for Hajj
and everybody in hajj crowded. Everybody was giving way to appa, who's black slave.
And the halifa was shocked. Nobody's giving me respect and giving me weight. But I thought the slave they're giving him way and asking him about rulings of Hajin you know, respecting him. He was a little bit you know, upset. Who's the slave? This is APA is one of the greatest scholars of Makkah. He said, serpin Allah, Allah uplifts people with knowledge. This is why he's deserving it because of his knowledge. I am the king. Nobody's even looking at me.
And there is a horse, there is Mujahid. There is a key man. All of these are great scholars of the tambourine. If you open the book, empathy, you will always find them
interpreting the Quran giving Deaf seed because even ambass was the leader of interpreting the Quran so they were carrying it to us if you go to Al Basra, where is a Muslim
in Iran, so at the time of the debate we had to Basra and we had Kufa
these two prominent
cities in a bus route. We had the famous cavalry and has an El Masri. Then you have even seen Hamad ABCD and you have Abu Colaba and you have attack. When you go to El Kufa you have also the students of the loan Masood, you have Alabama and his student Ibrahim and now you have Masaru
You have Aveda, and you have tried alcohol the but again, this is for your own homework, you go and study their names and go into their biography and learn their way of acquiring knowledge and how they spread their knowledge of a dean. By now, we move on to the third category, which is the period of the schools of thought. We have four prominent schools of thought
the Imams who established these schools of thought, number one, Abu hanifa, born in year 80, died in 150.
Malik, born in 93, died in 179.
a share free Born in 150.
We've seen 150 here before, right? When
so he was born when Abu hanifa died
and he died in 204. I met and please remember these figures, the birth and the death because later on in the presentation, it's missing. So you may need to add it Born in 164 and died in 241.
Fight before we go to the for a mams the four great schools of thought we have two special mentioned the Imams of extinct schools of thought we have an hassanal bustling, who had his own school of thought we have sufian authority, we have an Imam outside of Lebanon, we have a layth inside of Egypt and a later bin Salman for example, was a contemporary of Imam Malik. Yet they all say that a labor minister I was more knowledgeable than human medic
and one of the advantages of the LA Femina sag, he was a judge and he was a millionaire in Egypt and he used to sponsor students of knowledge and scholars among them in America. So not only he was knowledgeable, he used to benefit people with what with money and this means and this shows you the route through
fabric of such scholars is not only teaching it's also implementing you had also severely Marina you had the famous mahad this is how it Nora Jolla and he was a contemporary of a magnet now it's hot in La Jolla Some say his name differently you can say is half Devendra Jolla and you can see his half even Rockaway like see my way or see boy, it is pronounced differently. Jurors pronounce it differently to had this people have had this is some end you have a booster or an injury or a poverty. The well known compiler of
of Deaf see FC a very well known by Why do we say that they had extended schools of thought when they had more knowledge than the four imams. The scholars say the difference between these extend schools and the existing four schools that the four schools of thought had students devoted to spreading the teachings of their share.
These other shoe these other imams did not have the same devoted students. This is why elated nisarg though was more knowledgeable than him Amharic Allah did not facilitate for his men have to be widely spread because he did not have a lot of students. He did not have a lot of classes and conducted like Imam Malik ns may Allah have mercy on them all.
now we begin we will not finish.
So how about we take a
break and we will come back at 1205 Okay, john