Daurah Fiqh – Ep.01

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Assim Al-Hakeem

Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

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Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

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It is unfortunate that the AC is not working, it seems that

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every lecture every course has a specific taste to it, mine has a taste and smell. So, we pray to a large soldier that it makes it a pleasant smell for those inshallah of us

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so this course is about the introduction to PHP

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and usually this course is a full two days course eight hours eight hours, but the time is limited. And

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the

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lecture or the one who's presenting it is also limited in knowledge so we try to minimize it as much as possible, but inshallah I'm waiting for the party presentation

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what

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isn't working?

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Can I have at least my laptop

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working?

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No, no problem I can manage Sharma No need without predictive Okay.

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Why do you want to hook me up with

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okay.

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So, you can open your

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notes please. And in few seconds,

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inshallah,

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we will be on our way.

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Definition and scope.

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If we would like,

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Can I continue?

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If you like to define

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an Arabic language, there is a definition. In Sharia in general, there is a definition and to be technical. There is another definition in Islam. Usually you have two definitions, linguistic and technical. So, in any book of you open, you go to the chapter dealing with solid, it says solid linguistically.

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What does it mean?

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You're solid in Arabic linguistically, means you are, but technically, it is specific narrations and actions.

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Beginning with takbeer, concluding the WAV Salaam for the sake of Allah xojo. This is a technical definition. So everything in Islam usually has these two definitions, linguistic and technical. When you come to filk, you find that filk has three types of definitions in the short, the linguistic is understanding comprehension, Allah xojo says in the Quran, what do you mean she Illa you said before we have a warlock a lot of

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that everything on Earth, praises Allah azza wa jal glorifies Allah azza wa jal, but you do not what

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you have to continue because I have to make sure that you're not sleeping. This is crap. It's very rigid and tough. If you don't understand it, it's not like storytelling. Omar did this. And then Abdullah did that and they had a fight. No, it's something that you have to be very quick and any, put your effort to it. So again, Allah says, as always, you had everything and there is not a thing except that it exalts Allah by his phrase, but you do not understand what our kin latiff kahun.

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So everything, praises Allah glorifies Allah, even this desk, even the ants, even the fish, they praise Allah but we cannot compete not not here. We cannot

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comprehend this is what we are talking about. The linguistic

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Meaning of comprehension of

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Allah says from our heart family, how

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do I know if a hula had even struck a hole? So, what is the matter with those people that they can hardly understand any statement?

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Now, the second type of definition of phip is the general Sherry I type. What do you mean by General Sherry I type when the Quran was revealed, the Arabs in the Hadith, when the Prophet referred to filk, it meant the knowledge of the law says as eligible for there should separate from every division of them there believers, a group remaining to obtain understanding in the religion and warn their people. So this isn't sort of the Toba, Allah xojo says in the haoran leota, who failed

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to gain fifth indien to gain from London. Is it the one we're talking about technical? No. This is a general understanding. Allah said at the Prophet said alayhi salatu salam mejor de de la Hobi hyaluron what you pay off in Dean whomever Allah azza wa jal intends good for him. Allah will give him the understanding of Deen What do you mean understanding of Deen scholars say meaning the understanding of Tafseer understanding of Hadith understanding of understanding of the most important knowledge or science of Sharia of all which is

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the most important branch of

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the heat this is the most important so this is what the surely our definition of

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linguistics, understanding

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Sharia definition is a comprehensive of all the religion anything related to religion we use with and this is why Imam Abu hanifa

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he compiled the book, it's called alpha, an aqua grants book. And if you look into it, it's only about half a dozen.

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So, his understanding of was that silk relates to the most important thing in religion in the sciences of religion. Now, we come to the technical part which deals with what we are doing at the moment what is fair,

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I'd like to become a student of knowledge Okay, you have to study what is define it for me scholars say fuck is the knowledge of the practical legal rulings pertaining to actions which are derived from detailed evidence and evidence is now this definition

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the jurors sign this off.

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And also the and also the tipsy. And masala had Hadith where they give a definition, the definition is so tight, that each word is used for a specific meaning. So when they say knowledge of the practical legal rulings, meaning that rulings on qfc, rollingstone aqidah

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is not included. So let's go to the issue of understanding.

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linguistic, if I say I'd like to use the word fit,

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when we referring to understanding how the mobile phone works, this is linguistic shediac related or technical.

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Technical knows not technical. See, now you did not understand the meaning of technical yet. My mistake, my fault. I don't have coffee. So I'm still ganic but we will get to that. Let me finish the technical definition. Then I will start to ask you questions in sha Allah.

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Knowledge. This is a technical definition. It is not technical, per se, as into mechanics or electronics. It's technical in the

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sense related to the science of what is the meaning definition, knowledge of the practical legal rulings. So my belief in gender and not and help. This is technical.

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No, this is Sherry. I related because it's not pertaining to practical legal.

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Understanding how my car works. This is technical. No, this is linguistics.

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Because understanding of something worldly, but when it comes to something that is islamically technical knowing how to perform or do this is considered to be technical because it is of practical legal rulings pertaining to actions and not to appeal which are derived from the detailed evidence is what detailed evidences we are referring to or an

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H ma consensus of scholars, prs and knology these are the evidences. So, by this understanding, we go into a quick

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refreshing questions.

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Knowledge of which medicine I should take to my high blood pressure. This is linguistics to understand to have

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this is linguistic, Sherry related or technical.

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This is linguistic. Okay, knowing when to offer to sujood settle.

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This is linguistic, Sharia related and technical.

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Why is it linguistic? Because you have to understand why is it surely related because of its Islam? It's about the Why is it technical? Because it is about the detailed and practical legal rulings. So, you cascade this to everything, and you will find it in Sharla.

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easy to understand.

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Are we fine with this or any questions? So, some rulings of fact, you have the three definitions, for example, the description of Eclipse prayer,

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to understand and to have faith in it, it has to be linguistic, what is the definition of the eclipse? I don't know, though I explained it to you is that when the sun comes in between the Moon and the Earth, okay, now I understand. And what is the Sharia ruling? Well, it is part of the deen because the Prophet son did it. And this is part of our shouldna and the technical part, will the Prophet pray that once Allah His Salatu, salam, the format is to Raka in one regard to such that in one Raka, so it's to record our units with for record and for sujood. This is the technical part when I come to explain it to you.

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Now, the scope is this is the description and this is the scope of it. And we've gone through this. So

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what is the virtues of studying

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in your handouts?

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Okay, the virtues, there are general virtues of shared knowledge, and there are special virtues of public knowledge. So, in general,

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when you come to Islamic sciences, you will find that whatever we know is not something that we have gained by ourselves. And this is a common mistake we always do. We always refer our successes to our own ability. So last year, I managed to bring profit to my company of $2 million.

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And I managed to minimize cost and expenses, and I managed to secure few contracts. This is all type of minor shake, because I might tributing, our most favorites to my own knowledge and ability. It is not me. Everything that happens is from Allah, Allah, Allah.

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Allah says in the Quran, and Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers, while you know nothing. When you when we came out to this world, we had no knowledge and he gave you hearing sight and hearts that you might give thanks to Allah.

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The importance in the virtue of knowledge in Sharia in general uplifts you, Allah says Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe and those who have been granted knowledge, knowledge uplifts you in this life and definitely in the hereafter if you have sincerity, but in this

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Like even if you don't have sincerity like me, it will uplift you. Everybody respects you everywhere it says the shares everybody, when you come, they give you a preference sit in the front, do this that was good, I'm happy. But if I added sincerity to that on the Day of Judgment, you will find this being elevated in gender Asia a lot.

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And

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if you read the Quran from cover to cover, you will never find a law or during his messenger la salatu salam to ask for increasing in something except in, in knowledge, Allah does not tell his prophet alayhi salatu salam asked for increasing in your wealth and your health in your offspring know

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Allah only says subhanho wa Taala were called rugby z d or even men and say my lord in keys me in knowledge. So, the more knowledge you have the more fulfillment of your role as a Muslim, because you will illuminate you will give light to everyone no matter where you sit

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in a lecture room like this, you see someone drinking with his left of a drink with your right please bring it with the left is heroin knowledge.

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Whatever you see something wrong, you correct it whenever you see something good. You praise it and you encourage people to do it. And those who know our favorite

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to Allah azza wa jal Allah says say are those who know equal to those who know not

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and there are so many other evidences, but we will not go through them all. This is the general virtues of sharing knowledge. Now, knowledge itself is divided into two types. So when you hear that the people who know the people who do not know or an alliance is meeting knowledge, one would think okay, Why do you insist that this knowledge has to be surely related? Why not being a PhD in physics, or a dentist or even a veterinarian a veterinarian? event? Yeah, this is knowledge to know Wait, knowledge is divided into two types, sharply related and non shadow related. The Shadow related is whatever Allah mentions in the Quran and the Sunnah. Whenever you find that Allah is

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praising those who know this is related to Sharia. So to the sciences, that we will come to talk about the nun Sheree, the non Islamic not meaning that it is covered or that it is sinful, the non Islamic that is not related or Ansan, fifth, Hadith, etc. This is divided into two types. One type, which is good, if you're sincere, and you have good intention, Allah will reward you for that. So if you have a good intention, and you study medicine, it's good. If you study engineering, if you study physics, mathematics, you have a good intention for Islam and the Muslims, Mashallah you're doing a good job. But if you

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are not having that pure intention, it's Hello. Why are you studying medicine? Well, if it pays good to be adopted, you'll become rich, that's good for you, but you will not be rewarded for it. Now the other branch of non Islamic knowledge, which is the haraam knowledge, this is sinful. So someone says, I'd like to go to Music Academy and

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learn four years of acoustic guitar.

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Khaled, how long

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is it knowledge is knowledge. One says I'd like to study astrology and the effective impact of stars on our lives and destiny. This is also knowledge but it is haram knowledge etc. And this is why when you read in the Quran, you would find that knowledge that Allah praises most is the Islamic knowledge. Allah says, It is only those who have knowledge among his slaves, that fear Allah, it is only those who have knowledge that would fear a large xojo. So, a doctor a physician, a mathematician may not fear Allah. So this is not going to help him but a Muslim who has knowledge in the Quran and Sunnah and feels Allah then this is the thing that to be praised.

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And the Prophet said alayhi salatu was salam, whoever a more intense, intense

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Good for him, he will grant him What? The comprehension and religion This is the sherea the whole package, not the specific. So if you want to go to the virtues of this special virtues of

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and knowledge, what can we say?

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The doora you're studying here is related to.

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But in gentlemen, the work of the Sharia is very important. But how important is it when we go to the technical part? How important is knowledge, in fact, technically speaking, it is the most or one of the most relevant to our lives. Because, for example, if we would like to study most fatherhood had if

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the technical science that deals with the Hadith, is it connected is it multiple among all modern for more than we would like to know the definition of meten the definition of

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a center, we would like to know, when it is weak, when it is fabricated, when it is authentic, has an Sahih, etc, I can give it to you in less than one day, the whole package, it's very easy. But it is not the essential. If I'd like to give you the fundamentals of Tafseer or solo Tafseer, before you go to seed, you have to learn the soul, the fundamentals of it. If I'd like to give you a solo trip, this might take two to three days. But again, these are all auxiliary sciences, not part of the mainstream sciences, and then asleep, as they call it.

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But when you come to effect, can I give it to you in a week? No. Can I give it to you in a month? No. Can I give it to you in a year, maybe I'm talking about daily doses of why the importance in the virtue of the fact we would like to study is that it is the science that tells you the difference between heroin and heroin in every aspect of your life. So without further, you cannot know whether the forms of worship I am offering is valid or invalid. So you may pray for 10 years. And you come and say, I've been praying like this is it all your prayers are invalid or stuff? Why? You have the Qibla is there in your direction. And one of the conditions of the validity of your prayer is to

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balloted love. Yeah, but I didn't think it was of allies everywhere.

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What do you mean allies everywhere? Yeah, yeah. You know what I mean? Yeah, if I pray here and there alone, no. This is pertaining related to fit. You have zero fill your invalid is invalid. Okay, what about my transactions? I went to the Gold Shop yesterday, and I gave him a deposit so that I can buy a bracelet of gold for my daughter, and I'll pick it up tomorrow. Oh,

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yeah. I just gave them 20% of the amount I did not borrow or in this is River. buying gold. You have to be simultaneous give and take. Yes, but I gave him 20%. Tomorrow I'm going to pick it up and give him the rest River. This is so even your transactions. Okay. Sure. Hi. married a woman Tough luck.

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Yeah, I married a woman we met in university we fell in love. So I said to her, I marry you for the sake of Allah. She said, I give you my cell for the sake of Allah lies our witness. Alhamdulillah

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This is Dina Shay. I'm a practicing Muslim. My beard reaches my belly if I bend a little bit. So what do you mean when my wife's beard is even longer? So what do you mean? This is invalid. without knowledge, you will fall into sins into what kind of knowledge knowledge in

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so many people my father died. Okay, me Allah have mercy on him. We did not divide the inheritance. So we thought that I'll keep it for 510 years I will invest it and then I'll give it to my stepmother and then I give it to my grandma is haram. Some say no, we all equal in it. So we are five girls.

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three boys, one mother, one grandson, two cousins, three siblings, we divided equal hmm I didn't know what to do here because you did not have knowledge. So all of these things

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is related to your life. And it's not something that comes once in a blue moon.

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I swore not to eat biryani in my friend's house when I came I smelled the Briana who's very good. I want to eat what to do experience what how to experience you have to have trip you have to know how to do Ramadan, you have to know how to fast when to break your fast when to make up if you broke your first wrongly and when not to make up. All of this comes from what this great knowledge of that we need. So what is the ruling on learning it? As stated before learning it.

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If we're talking about and we're talking about things related to the jurisprudence, can be mandatory and it can be what

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a communion obligation in Arabic recorded found higher what is obligation meaning that each and every one of you is obliged to learn. So the knowledge in prayer and how to perform prayer What is this?

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It is compulsory It is about each individual obligation. No one would say yes. I'm nothing good. Did you guys learn how to pray? I'm not why

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it's not now I just want to finish my course in flying. And then I learned how to pray. No, this is an individual obligation each and every one must know how to pray. You have no excuse not knowing how to pray or in not learning the things that break your fast. While I was young I thought only water broke my fast orange juice.

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isn't mentioned the Quran for kulu shabu Allah says drink, I thought was more that this is an obligation for you to learn. Every single Muslim is a Vidya in Amazon, the amazon.com. Amazon

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you have to learn this, you have to know it. Okay. There are

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communion obligation, meaning that if I know it is sufficient all of you don't have to know it. But if none of us know it, we're all what? We're all sinful, we are going to be punished for it for that. It's, I'm talking about knowledge. So now if I asked you distribution of inheritance,

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obligation, individual or communion,

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communion,

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okay, because not every one of us is obliged to distribute now, once once a person dies, is not even obligatory upon me. I have to go and seek a scholar who knows but if no scholar at all knows they're all sinful. Likewise, if someone dies, are we all obliged to wash that person shroud him and bury him one person does it?

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Likewise, in hajj, is it an obligation?

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No, no, it's not an individual obligation, why? It's a no individual obligation of the person who's going to perform Hajj who has money, and who is healthy, a person who's not going this year or next year or the year after? And he said No, okay. Give me the explanation of a fraud, pylon and teraterm.

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I don't know you're sinful? No, he's not. But when it comes to fasting, when it comes to prayer, he has to do it, then it becomes so I hope this is

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understood. inshallah, I think you're gonna finish the course in half an hour

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by

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now, is that Camilla here? Yes.

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So I think half an hour and this is black coffee. So

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where are we? So now, we would like to know the stages of

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because we have an unfortunate error in our learning system. We all students have knowledge correct.

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But we have students of knowledge that begin from kg one,

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and ended up in PhD, but they're also all considered to be what? Students of knowledge our deficiencies

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is in knowing the structure of a knowledge. So each one that says, okay, what's the ruling on this? It's held on why? Because Imam Abu hanifa said it's heroin. Who's

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to say, What is his evidence?

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What are you talking about? So people, because of their ignorance tend to put themselves in a level, way higher than their paygrade.

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So they should supposed to be janitors, but they think that they're the CEOs. So we would like to know the classification and the stages of learning effect, how did it develop, so I'm not going to go into solid cm hedge, no, this is a detailed course that needs much, much more time, this is an intro to fit, which means that you're supposed to after finishing this two day course, that you have a bigger understanding and value to fit and to our scholars. Now, if I asked you about the scholars, you may give me one or two names and they are contemporaries, but if I tell you to go back in time, probably would not be able to do this and this is wrong in all of us. So, there are different types

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and classifications of the stages of how it developed to our understanding, we will choose one that is very simple for us to understand.

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And this classification of four stages, stage number one legislation stage, and this ended on which year

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11 of hijra what commemorates that year 11.

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The Prophet died in the 10s of heroes.

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So what is 11?

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boubakeur I got participation

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Hello?

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Are you with us? Okay.

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So what do you think guys?

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What is what happened in 11th Pedro

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your students of knowledge you should know

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beforehand was compiled

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No.

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Close all of you are close to him. I'm stalling for time so I'm just wasting time.

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When did the Prophet die?

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No.

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Prophet that is awesome. died in the 11th. year he have in the beard Oh, well, on the 12th. When was hydrated What are

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How can he die? If AJ is the last month

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he died. But then he came.

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This is one of the common mistakes people have is their ignorance of the seal.

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So when we talk about secrecy, okay, that's what moved up. When did it happen?

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Does it happen?

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I thought it was next year 2020.

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You don't know. Okay, when?

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who participated with the profit in virtual mortality? So sir.

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I don't know. jQuery. Come on, give us a break. This is Fred nazira not history. My point is that this is our heritage. By the way motor the Prophet did not participate that he did not go only Bethany sahabas who died, Jennifer Aviva lives in Haifa and underlying in our having a look at peace with them. So you have to know this. In order to be a real student of knowledge. It's not just a crash course of three hours and you go and some of you don't go maybe have lunch here.

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The others can fast but if you have to pass a Saturday you must first

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Friday before it or Sunday This is again. So coming to 11th year this stage of legislation is over. Why? Because no one can legislate after the Quran and Sunnah. This is a well known fact. Stage Two. It is the pre schools of thoughts stage and this was up till the year 100. What do we mean by

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three schools of thought, any preschools of Abu hanifa Malik Shafi and

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so from 11, to almost 100, from who was their Sahaba and attari. It is a very crucial stage of phip. Three, the stage of the schools of thought and its extensions. What do you mean by extensions, and common, a common mistake among people that they think that the four schools of thought the School of Imam, Abu hanifa American,

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Mohammed Idris, a sharpie and Imam Ahmed Mohammed in Hamburg, that is related and depended only on them. And this is wrong. All forms of schools of thought had a great army of scholars that backed the school of thought and built it. So it's not only about anything,

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it is not only shocking,

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it is the students and the students of the students. And this extends up till year 1300 1300 of his era. Then we have what the present stage where we have great scholars like Imam, awesome.

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I don't know why you guys come, but

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I'm having fun. So these are the four schools

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of thought now.

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The Islamic legislation began soon after the Prophet, Prophet hood of the province of Salaam, and continued till his death. The feature of these of this stage are illustrated by the following chart. The legislation

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of Islam began from year 13 before he shot and ended at 11. Lemon theory of Hydra. So the period it was divided into two periods, what mucky and Mindanao How long was it in Makkah? 15 years, how long was it in Medina 10 years. So what are the features of the mucky period? The mucky period, imagine that the Providence for 13 years

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administration anyone from

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how long to the break?

00:37:50--> 00:37:54

They have to brace but I just want to know so that I can exactly know where to stop.

00:37:57--> 00:38:16

Then 45 so we have 16 minutes of trauma. So the Mac key period, if you focus on the serum, you will find that they did not pray five prayers a day. This was legislated at the very end after the death of motherhood. IJA when the Prophet Allison had the

00:38:19--> 00:38:24

so our marriage, the glorious night I think the gold or the miraculous night

00:38:25--> 00:38:41

the Nigerian and fasting, no fasting, Zakat, nosaka, Hajj, no Hajj, what did they do? their teen years the focus was on what when? What What do we mean by fundamentals of the deal?

00:38:42--> 00:38:54

Though he appealed Jen na angels the books, which we as Muslims, fail to acknowledge when we call people to Islam.

00:38:55--> 00:38:58

When we call non Muslims to Islam, gold for many

00:38:59--> 00:39:03

women must cover their faces. Hello, fellas, music is

00:39:04--> 00:39:25

very important. And that's it. But who is saying halal and haram? I don't know. Who am I worshipping? Allah? What do I know about Allah? Nothing. What fear do I have in my heart to Allah? Very little. what hope do I have? I'm hoping that Allah gives me at ace.

00:39:26--> 00:39:50

What trust do I have in Allah? Not only the doctor can kill my child. Okay, did you make dua? Did you make Rukia? No, no, no, the doctor has the medication. What should I do do I and Rukia for these fundamentals of Islam. We have zero of this is why you will find a practicing brother working in a Riba based bank.

00:39:51--> 00:39:57

You will find a practicing sister wearing the hijab participating in

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

Asia has done it

00:40:00--> 00:40:05

Like talent or whatever, or in the voice and she's wearing a T shirt Mashallah beautiful voice system

00:40:08--> 00:40:42

Islamic What is this? Because they don't have the proper aqidah but when you have proper Akita that is theoretical, not practical, you will find people speaking nicely but when it comes to implementation you have zero. So, in Mecca 13 years the Prophet has time spent building people, these people that mahadji Ron, they were the cornerstone, whenever calamities took place, they had his back, of course Allah azza wa jal

00:40:44--> 00:41:05

ordered him to do this and no one has your back except Allah. But this is something we all understand they our means of protection of the prophet Isaiah and of the deen and then the one who spread the tea. So, he focused on such fundamentals, but there were rules little little by little of halal and haram

00:41:06--> 00:41:07

and

00:41:09--> 00:41:13

when he migrated to Medina, now it was safer.

00:41:14--> 00:41:42

Now it was time to establish to establish the government, the society the community. So started pouring the legislations, the rulings, halal haram how to do this, how to do that, and people started gaining more and more and more knowledge. So what's the fundamentals neglected? No, it continued but not in the same pace because the foundation was laid in the 13 years of

00:41:44--> 00:41:45

maccabean.

00:41:48--> 00:41:51

If you study that FC,

00:41:53--> 00:42:02

FC or aroma or and you will find that there is a big chapter in the beginning, talking about the difference between maccha

00:42:03--> 00:42:08

revelations and maddening revelations like mad

00:42:10--> 00:42:36

fast tempo, America 712 words one two words, but it is coming like lightning is long it shakes you when you go to madonie it's more relaxed, longer versus more of communicating to you the rulings the longest verse of the Quran in surah baqarah. It's a whole page rulings

00:42:37--> 00:43:16

of the debt. Different when you come to Cora. Bismillah piccalilli Holla Holla Holla inshallah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, may Allah, even non Muslims when the heat and the Maquis period. Revelation has impact they don't understand. This is this is too strong, it's coming straight to penetrate your heart and when you come to my Dany Torres Yeah, you are Latina. Um, I know, you find it more relaxed, you find more easy to go through fight in the times of

00:43:19--> 00:43:21

religion legislation stage,

00:43:22--> 00:43:25

what were the sources of legislation

00:43:27--> 00:43:41

or an ensign? Now, do we say also there was consensus? No, because the reference was there the profit you can't you can't say the consensus at the time of the profit was so and so.

00:43:43--> 00:43:51

The legislation is only taken from the profit alarm muscle you're selling it by what are the features? That

00:43:52--> 00:43:59

first of all, this stage of legislation, we said we have how many stages

00:44:03--> 00:44:18

or four, one is the legislation stage, what are the features of this period? One, the legislation is confined to this stage. No one can come nowadays.

00:44:19--> 00:44:24

What actually they can, but they are not right. Nowadays we have

00:44:25--> 00:44:42

modern scholars who come and change the religion. They said yeah, this was at the time of the Prophet, son, but now this is in a clickable now we have also the Shetty app, and they use big words and he said

00:44:45--> 00:44:49

the word of mouth also the Shetty, which is something

00:44:50--> 00:44:59

recent, it's not something from the old old scholars of the tambourine or even Sahaba. No, it's recent and it has some sense

00:45:00--> 00:45:15

Do it but not to the extent that it is used today. Now so called modern scholars change the or and change the sinner by saying that well yes at the time of the Prophet it was okay but now

00:45:16--> 00:45:50

Now we cannot because of the Sharia dictates that we have to change the Quran and we have to change it. So they are abusing it and this is why it is always essential to go back to the basics. Always when you have any dispute in a company that is well structured, you go back to the policy and procedures if you go to the HR director or to the CEO, they will make up policies says okay sign that you want me to do this so that in the future if any legal

00:45:51--> 00:46:42

claims were up your signature would protect me said no, I'm not saying you do what I tell you to do. So no, as long as this goes against the policy and the procedure I will not our policy and procedure is what Quran and Sunnah Allah says in chapter five sure that the maintenance yoma committed to lakum Dena Cuckoo. Today, I have completed your religion, what I meant to add a community and I've perfected your, my my blessings in favor upon you what all digital companies never did and accepted Islam to be your religion. So this was what, at the time of the Prophet Alison. So what was not a religion then cannot be a religion today, he cannot change the religion is as it is, until the day

00:46:42--> 00:46:44

of judgment, no changes.

00:46:46--> 00:46:59

There might be some new issues that were not covered. This is for the scholars to come up with a verdict but not to lie at the time of the Prophet is a lot of said I'm drinking wine was heroin. Why?

00:47:01--> 00:47:16

Because people got drunk. And they went and did haram things and fornicated and killed and stole nowadays and hamdulillah we have locks. So if I lock myself in and hide the keys, and get wasted.

00:47:19--> 00:47:26

because of the sheer or someone goes to a new level, it says wine is hot. Whiskey is not

00:47:27--> 00:47:36

because wine has to be from grapes from fruit, but if you gin and tonic and vodka and tequila and rum and all of these things.

00:47:39--> 00:48:32

So this is not what was mentioned the Quran. So this is inapplicable, because our religion is fixed, it's very easy is for the layman to know, and this is why we're here to know exactly how to reach such verdicts and how did they reach it? Number two, difference in opinion almost did not exist at the time of this period. Why? Because there was no provenance and if you and I disputed, we will not go to mcsheffrey ma'am hanafy. Ma'am, no, we have the prophet or prophet of Allah. We did this is what do you say? That Yes or no? Why did we say almost? Because there was a difference of opinion. But usually it was solved immediately by going to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, the easiest

00:48:32--> 00:48:41

example. The Prophet said that is usually in a domain como la sala Luffy Benny horiba. This was stated in which year

00:48:44--> 00:48:45

which incident?

00:48:48--> 00:48:49

Which bottle

00:48:51--> 00:48:52

which religion?

00:48:54--> 00:48:59

Come on. This was sent in less What? Alaska?

00:49:01--> 00:49:03

Okay, any other name fertilizer.

00:49:05--> 00:49:09

And at the very end, when they all went home,

00:49:10--> 00:49:17

there was the Muslims left with the Jews of Venezuela. So the Prophet told them and he saw some law you suddenly and

00:49:18--> 00:49:27

none of you should pray acid, except in Venezuela. So they immediately marched in the middle of the way the sun was about to set.

00:49:29--> 00:49:29

People said,

00:49:30--> 00:49:32

The Prophet said don't pray.

00:49:33--> 00:49:42

But Allah tells us to pray. I said before the time is over. Half of the people prayed. They said no, the prophet meant that we should

00:49:43--> 00:50:00

do our best to reach them early. The other half said no. He is the one who legislates. So he tells us that we have an extra sixth prayer or 10th prayer, no problem. He tells us the five we can set it for today and we

00:50:00--> 00:50:21

Have one prayer. He's the one who's telling us what Allah wants from us. So they did not pray. When they reached by Allah, they went to the Prophet said, This is awesome. They prayed, defying your order. And we did. And they said, they didn't pray until the sunset, sun,

00:50:22--> 00:50:22

whatever,

00:50:29--> 00:50:32

whatever, whatever went down. So,

00:50:33--> 00:50:37

it was a difference of opinion. What did the Prophet do it sir?

00:50:40--> 00:51:07

No, no, they cannot be both right? Definitely, they cannot be both like one is right. But because the one who was not right didn't their effort in reaching this conclusion, they were both rewarded. One, two rewards and the wrong one, one reward. So there was no point in pointing fingers, but when we analyze it, now, who was right?

00:51:09--> 00:51:18

who prayed? Because this is something fixed in the moronic was not abrogated. So they did right but the one who did it also were

00:51:19--> 00:51:24

rewarded for their effort and done number

00:51:25--> 00:51:25

three,

00:51:27--> 00:51:36

the legislation feature in this period that it was in steps. So everybody used to drink

00:51:38--> 00:52:26

in Arabia, Allah azza wa jal prohibited drinking all of a sudden, no, it was on three stages. One, they asked you about intoxicants and gambling say there is a there is benefit in it. And there is also a lot of sin, and the sin outweighs the benefit by getting halal Haram. You asked me, I told you it's there is this and there is that. So still, some of them used to continue to drink. Because Allah did not say Talon second stage, or you who believe do not approach prayer while intoxicated, until you understand what you're saying.

00:52:27--> 00:53:03

So now, the time of being wasted, and drunk is limited from Asia to fudger. That's the longest time if you want to drink after acid, Margaret is one hour Joe, it's not enough to sober if you want to drink this, only from Asia to further so vast majority did not drink but there still were those who used to drink and some of them were social drinkers. So they come after Madrid, between Milan and Asia they drink little not intoxicated, just a little bit.

00:53:05--> 00:53:07

This is coffee, by the way,

00:53:09--> 00:53:11

is black like my heart and the

00:53:12--> 00:53:22

third stage, Allah says in Surah Al Qaeda in some role may ship while outside oil as you read you soon min ama shape on

00:53:24--> 00:53:44

page 20 boo, the flame, the word fashionable, stay away from it. Some of the people who use their logic nowadays say Allah did not say do not drink. He said stay away from it. What do you mean? So if you have a straw

00:53:46--> 00:53:48

that is so crazy

00:53:50--> 00:54:15

when Allah tells you to refrain and stay away, meaning that even if someone drinks it in the room, you cannot stay in it. Not that you keep physical distance between you and it, but some people are so crooked in their understanding. For example, the parents in sort of an extra chapter 17 when Allah says Isaiah Jen

00:54:17--> 00:54:20

Falah tabula Houma What

00:54:22--> 00:54:30

do not say to your parents what both of this is, my father says, Go and get the groceries from the car.

00:54:32--> 00:54:43

Allah says don't say this, because it shows your frustration. So someone reads the ISS and hamdulillah I can swear at my father. I can spank my mother.

00:54:44--> 00:54:48

What do you mean? Allah said don't say he did not say don't get them.

00:54:50--> 00:54:59

What kind of understanding people this person does not have any of the three definitions of understanding of neither the linguistic nor

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

The Sharia related nor the technical, this guy is an imbecile.

00:55:05--> 00:55:39

And a lot of the Muslims are a manifestation of ignorance today, when they come like this, and they decide that they are their own doctor, finally. So legislation was step by step. Nowadays if I see a non Muslim, and he wants to accept Islam, shall I use this three stages with him? No. This was only at the time of the legislation period or stage in terms of the province. Nowadays, I don't say okay, you're doing heroin, no, do cocaine.

00:55:40--> 00:56:30

And after three months, you do marijuana. And after six years, we will talk about it in short, no, you have to stop referring. Finally, one of the features of this stage that it was a training course, to the companions. So the Prophet is a Salaam, used to train his companions and ask them to give verdicts and teach them. And this is why he when he sent them to Jamal to Yemen, they said, Okay, now you're a judge, what will you do? You sit I will look for problems in the book of Allah. If not, said, I will look for solutions in the student of the Prophet as if not said, I will implement my intellect and try to work problems out to find a solution. The Prophet was happy and

00:56:30--> 00:56:57

said Alhamdulillah, who guided the messenger of the Messenger of Allah to the truth. So he's teaching them whenever they do something, right. He acknowledges. But if someone made something wrong, it wait. This was wrong. Why did you do this? Now Allah forgive you. So he teaches them and this is why it was like a training course for the companions to learn their religion and to learn how to implement it. I think