Thrown in a Well – Episode 04

Asim Khan

Channel: Asim Khan

Series:

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

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Thrown in a Well
(Tafseer Ibn Taymiyyah of Surah Yusuf)

Join Ustadh Asim Khan for this tafseer.

Episode 4 Verses 8-12
Download the coursebook now:
bit.ly/1lKnLub courtesy of Sirat Initiative

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Wa Salatu was Salam Amada to man acapella and he played the final pillar here in the Vina Mohammed in Rada. He was actually here in some of our cinema de la de Vaca. Two sisters.

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Welcome. This is the fourth lesson of the seed. So the use of a system

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today, or rather Last time, we got to the point of the story where useful islamize told his father about this dream that he's had.

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Fathers given him some amazing piece of advice. and thereafter, the brothers now are having a huddle. They're having a discussion amongst themselves, speaking out of envy, to their own brother usefulness, and they suggest that in fact, the father is in error. Why is his father an arrow because the fact is that they are under

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a large sizable group. Yet despite that Father loves the other two more than the other, they express their envy. inshallah the next sisters inshallah we'll be covering verses

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eight 910 and 11 and 12 and Sharla. Let's begin with the recitation of this part.

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will be ashamed Ponyo? Raji Bismillah Ar Rahman Yoshi

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if

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you so far who have

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been

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in

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the field

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open tolu sofa

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Hello Lancome majan who ob ku Ku

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band de como

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all or no?

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poo

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poo fee via job.

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Boss.

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Ti ng

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Tom.

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Paul, Oh,

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man.

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You also fell in

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love.

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One day.

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Okay, it's been a lot of fun. And hamdulillah malami salatu salam ala l mursaleen. The venum

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regiment. Okay, brothers, would you like to move a bit closer inshallah. And

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there'll be a pay activity so you can choose who you want to see next to now.

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Otherwise, when it comes to the activity, no one can leave. They have to be with the person next to them.

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Okay, so let's go back to this verse where the brothers are speaking, what they say to each other is called hula Yusuf, who have been Amina one nationals.

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So they spoke to each other and they said, Why is the case that you call let us who are happy to intervene? Why is it the case that Yousuf and his brother are more beloved to our father than us once we are, whilst we are an Earth.

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One linguistic point we didn't mention last time, which is that if you look at the verse, the way they spoke, they express envy about the other two brothers. However, they never mentioned the second brother by name, did they?

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They mentioned him as use breath. And when they mentioned the use of name, they had this lamb before it law you sufu which is the llama, which is for the purpose of emphasizing that just it's really to do with usefulness. Now, they really envious of him and I don't even bother mentioning the name of Binyamin because all they see is Binyamin his brother, and that's another reason why they don't like him that much because he's useful it sounds brother not just because he is the other brother

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from another mother. The other thing is they said that they are an Ursa. They said, We were tough guys, you know.

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So that means that that you love us more. Now there are these two things you need to know or spa. You know, Mama shotgun your mama said, and as an auctioneer as well, that it refers to a number of people as in a group, which is around 10. There's 10 people together in a group, they call that an Ursa. But the other side of it is what does that represent when someone identifies themselves as being part of you know, sto, which you can translate as a gang

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a kind of teaches us the way that they think, is that they are kind of like in amazement about the numbers. You know, when people are in a gang, there's loads of us in the kind of Marvel that they own numbers. And when they marvel at the numbers, they think they kind of you know, have the right to do whatever they want with other people and other people this smaller listen number, they can't do anything in return to us, we can do whatever we want to them. So this is the kind of mentality that is being reflected in their speech when I say nationals.

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Okay, the head natural Rahim Allah mentions a very nice lesson, he says, Allah taught them a lesson for thinking that the numbers really mean something. Yeah, that because of the, you know, the large number, that they are force, that they are someone of their people, that they can do whatever they want, simply because of their numbers. And this is something in psychology, you know, that you're part of a large group, you think just because you're a large sizable group of people that you know, makes you tougher, and you can maybe bully other people. And because of your numbers, you know, it means that you use quite strong You know, you can defeat other people in our shoes. A larger law

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taught them a lesson that even though they were

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more number than the other two brothers, that never helped them in any way, shape, or form, you know, and he said that a larger law taught the professor systems companions the same lesson in one battle, where they also marveled over the large numbers and thought that they could win the battle simply because of the large numbers what that who was this

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number for now?

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Yes, I sent her name. Her name this battle.

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He like Carmo

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Yeah, this brother will just pass it on to her name. Allah, Allah Allah said I think he's sort of tobor that in our job but couldn't get through to come. He censored the Muslims he told them off that you suffered inherent at the beginning. Why is algebra because you were marveling over your numbers Muslims were really a big army on that day, as opposed to budget where they were just 300 or 1000 they were a large number that day and they thought because of the numbers you know, they weren't really no one was a match for them. So Allah because of the marveling over the numbers taught them a lesson the same way nationals the brothers so just because there are a large number

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they deserve more a lot also to them and that's because they ended up doing so Dude, you know, out of respect to that other brother who was just less than us in number.

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Okay, so that was a linguistic point there

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that we learned from that verse we spoke whether there's any the next verse hope to Lucifer our Torah who are Lulu Madhavi como una min Baron De Palma and so on when they said kill us or expel him to some land so that your father will look to you alone and then you can be people who do right very interesting what they say now, they're talking amongst themselves, okay. First they express envy and anger is are they angry at the fact that dad loves them more? Then they come with a plan. What's the plan? awkward to lose? Someone says let's cue use McMullen. That's crazy. Your own brother and not just your own brother your younger brother kill him. That's crazy. Our thorough Whoa, oh do have him

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to a some other places some of the land. What does that mean? That means like when you toss something to one side, you know, my youngest daughter, you know when she would give a tissue to clean your face that she cleans a face. Very good at what you do with the tissue tosses the camera on told you not to do it toss it to one side. So they say either kill him or do have him now they say to no

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out to the land meaning they got a place in their minds you know that country over there that really is that town that no they say our law meaning is Nikita is

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is not unknown any land, get rid of him any place whatsoever let's toss him into any other place except here with that. So they hatched the plan. First plan plan he either kill him or toss him to some other place. Anyway, I would outline why now they, you know, say something which gives us an insight into why they want to get rid of useful Islam. Yahoo Lula comb wotja who have been in order that the father's face may have halwa with them. Yeah, they want dad's attention, which is represented by his face to be exclusively for them and then alone. Yeah, hello. Yeah, we get the word. Hello. You know, hello means to be in private. Yeah. So they just want that for themselves.

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Okay. Yes. Local, what you have become, okay. The plan is quite bad to kill on Bravo. It's okay. What a cool room in bed. He comments on him because after we do that, will become righteous people will saw ourselves out afterwards. You know how people do that. Sometimes. They think about planning to do a bad deed. If they say it's okay. I'll make Toba twice. You know, so myself archers? It uncle's got

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an off license? Come on, come on. So

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sending Hammad I will come on, this is wrong. It's okay. I'm doing Hajj next year. No problem. Come on. normal people do this all the time. We do that with ourselves, brother come on

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this relationship with the sister. You can't do this home. It's okay, we're gonna get married. Okay, but this is even if you are going to get married, the justification is coming in what's going on in the comments on him? Now this justification.

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And he is good to think like this? Or is it bad to think like, this is a good thing? Or is it good to say that, you know, I will ask Allah to forgive me? Because this is the deceit here? Could you mentioned that? They are saying that we will ask Allah to forgive us? Yeah. The other Tafseer however, is not like this, the others have said is that what's the code of embed the common sign is that will so things that we doubt afterwards? Or do we, you know, cue us for this number, get rid of him, that is going to be so upset, but it's okay, after we do that, but it will sort things out with that we know will make him happy, you know, will make him happy.

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However, we'll learn I mean, it seems like the it seemed like the second view is stronger. Yeah, that they're not speaking about it from a religious perspective, they're speaking about from a junior perspective that after we do this bad thing, and dad's gonna be so devastated when, you know, we get rid of use of either we kill him or we toss him away. But it's okay, after we do it. We patch things up with debt. Okay, however, both opinions are there.

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And voila, which is a stronger opinion. There are a lot of we need to consider both. And now, we will discuss the lesson, inshallah, from this passage at the end of this, so let's continue moving through the story.

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Okay, so now they declared one plan plan a call upon iluminado. law to loose now one of them speaks up here. How many are there?

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How many brothers are there?

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10 or is nine, isn't it? When you mean is the

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I don't know. This 10 is 10 is 10. So this is the first button. Now the 10 of them. They're one of them says let's kill him or toss him to another place. And then another one speaks up and says llactapata loser now Don't do that. Don't kill him. Okay, so what's the what's the other alternative? The other alternative and Abou philia. But he'll jump, throw him into my job. And translated as the bottom of a well, but very interesting in the word that they used because job is a word useful well, but there's another very

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more common word for word, which is the you heard Congress's word bear in Arabic means well as well. So why job was a different job. And bear shadow Rahim Allah said in SFC that the difference is that the job, okay, it's like a flat type of well, it's got no brickwork going around it. Here like the front cover of your course notes. Is not that type of Well, okay, it's the other one is flat like

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ditch and the as for beer is one with the brickwork around it so what does that show us? It shows us that they had in their mind the idea where he at least did to throw him into not just any well but well which is like a ditch which you can't even see there's a well over them

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yeah shows how you know evil intentions were and not just throw him hi Yeah. Avaya from labe means unseen they wanted to throw him inside a place in that ditch when no one could even see had they come across that ditch like well

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I mean what an alternate

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Do you think it is? The other one is quite sympathetic but I mean the other plan plan be to throw him in a layup but

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even that square even fever Yeah, but in Juba. Why yellow capital? Who bad to say, all right, okay. So yellow. Okay, which comes from locked, which means to pick up something off the floor. Medusa yellow some caravan means some other caravans traveling through that area will come across perhaps this job finding inside the boy and then take him as a slave, the little bag to sail so don't kill him, throw him in a well and put him into slavery. And those are travelers, they will come and take him away. Which kind is saying that we can reach the same objective by doing less of an evil. Can you see that? Don't kill him that's really evil. Do this other thing and this other thing will still

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you know, meet the objective which is to get us out of our lives. Okay. In quantum ferreting in quantum fairing, if you are going to do something, then just do this one instead. Don't do that one. Okay.

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All Oh, yeah. birna merlok. Allah.

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Allah.

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Allah hulan. So they said, okay, Plan B has been accepted. All of them have now accepted Plan B. Now they've accepted Plan B, they go to execute the plan. What do they do? They go to that pouya gonna Oh, our father and I just imagined and the father is sitting there minding his own business. Okay.

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And then the 10 brothers, they come along, they say, yeah, Malika that's another use of why don't you trust us with us?

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What do you mean? All of a sudden you call me and you tell me why don't you trust me with the body? You trust us with useful whatsoever. manakala. Man, Yousuf, what in Ghana? And indeed, when it comes to him. Law of Toki. Nancy, how old we are. well wishes. Yeah, we advise we, we only want best for little old use of

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especially when it comes to use Lunas at home. So you can imagine any father sitting there, all of a sudden all the 10 sons have come and they're saying, Dad, what's the matter? Why don't you trust the use of you know that when it comes to especially use if we you know, we weren't real good for him, you know, especially when it comes to him?

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Are they talking? What are they talking? It's quite strange, isn't it? I mean, if they happen to think what's going on here? suspicious, rather suspicious, kind of kind of crazy. No. talking like that.

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Just use a really no, we just want now we're just really looking after him. That is thinking Oh, what what's going on here? The next thing is, they say auto sing Humana. Now the kind of, you know, trying to buttering up that then they come with the attack. I'll sit home and send him with us a lot tomorrow.

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Why young tech? Well, so we can do two things. So they want to take him away somewhere tomorrow in order Yatta Yatta attack comes from the root of Mara. Mara is actually a weird it's a strange word to be used it because it refers to cattle, when they graze when they eat like cows and they graze the grass. So they're saying certainly with us tomorrow, you know we're going to make him feast we're going to make him eat so much. You know when someone eats a lot someone is eating the land animals getting on there. So this thing would send him with us we're gonna feed him sold tomorrow while your lab and he's gonna have a great time we're gonna play loads of games lab going up loads

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of games. We're in the half you don't know when it comes to him that in indeed, that's already one emphasis Lahu to him another emphasis just him exclusively. Law. Another emphasis Have you don't we are protecting and preserving. We're looking after him. That

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confrim now, that kind of took, you know, it's a bit crazy, you know, coming to dad and saying that, why don't you trust us? We're going to take him tomorrow, we're going to feed him so much you're gonna play, that's gonna be suspicious.

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That's gonna be suspicious. You'd think that that would say, No, it's not happening.

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You think dad would say no, I'm not gonna send him with you tomorrow. What does that do? That says, I don't want you to take him, but eventually going to get to take him on?

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They do. Right.

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So the question is, How comes that the approver This allows them eventually, obviously, after trying to dissuade them to take useless now when they clearly talking very in a very creepy, suspicious, sinister way.

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Why? Why does that allow that to happen?

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is a fair question.

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To ask the question, fair question. jacobellis a great father prophet of Allah. Why don't you just say, look, I can tell from the way you're talking, you know, you guys are up to something. It's not happening.

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While this is important, because later on

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something strange happens, because Binyamin is then asked for again, the brothers say send Binyamin with us back to Egypt. Yeah, but and dad,

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he lets them he lets them take Binyamin even though that's after taking a covenant, but he did he loves him.

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So both times do you think in how comes that lets the sun's take away the sun. Now the second instance is a different reason.

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It's a second it's a it's a different reason. In the second instance, he sees that, in fact, the brothers now they're not as evil as they once were some 40 years ago. But today when they speak to him, why doesn't he say no? You can't take him.

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Yeah.

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Okay.

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So the father of his nose, the dream that eventually that the useful is not will prosper. But still, you know, want to put your son in a hard in our difficult place or position or harm's way, would you? I mean, at least you'd say now it's not happening.

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So how comes?

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Anyone else can offer an answer? Yes.

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He wanted to trust his son's give him a chance.

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He's already told you to listen for your key do like okay, they're gonna plot against your scheme against you.

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Isn't it he's already told them that I don't trust them one bit in order to do

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is

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he didn't want to access bishop.

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But at the same time, he doesn't want to lose his son right.

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But he does let them take him.

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Come on.

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Don't need your son to suffer in order to say I was telling you the truth.

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It seems a lot. It's a difficult question. I admit it's difficult, but I think it's a reasonable question to ask and we'll learn from the wording here of these two verses is clear that the brothers are not just acting suspicious, but they acting psychotic they actually acting crazy. You know when someone acts crazy, it doesn't make a difference what you say to that person? If a person is hell bent on killing someone, and the way they act is crazy, is what you're gonna say to them gonna stop them? It's not is it when someone acts crazy has gotten kondik thinking about this saying let's kill him. That's the level of crazy craziness that they reach. So when they speak to Dad Dad can see from

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the way they're speaking in the hole. Have you in

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NASA home that that's it? They've reached the stage now where there

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is no hope now. I can't I can't even tell them not to take him. They're going to do anyway.

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Yeah.

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Hold on. It seems like this is seemed like this is perhaps

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the reason why they okay quick activity read here on the slide.

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They sought to make Toba before the crime to make doing it easy on them. And yet Allah subhanaw taala, as we mentioned, did, actually except they Toba at the end, at the end of the story, useful Islam forgives them and it is there in implied that Allah has also forgiven them and they

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reformed themselves by now the question is what does that teach us about Toba about a law and about sinners? The fact that they said something that they shouldn't really have said, I mean, you shouldn't you shouldn't say, I'm going to make Toba. Before you do this, you

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should you, you shouldn't do that.

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You shouldn't justify your sin by saying I'm going to make, but they did. And the other thing is Allah subhanho wa Taala never condemned or censored them for saying such words. Allah never said what they said was wrong. Do you get that point? The story just continues on

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in the Koran, when unless of how that relates what somebody says. And if it's wrong, even then, What follows are the context shows that Allah disapproves of what was said. However, here, there is no indicator whether it was right for them to say that or wrong for them to say that.

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Do you see what I'm saying?

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Now with that in mind, the question which you need to discuss two minutes, what does that teach us about Toba? About a lot and about sinners?

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And is this statement a good statement to make or not? We already agreed it's not a good statement, right? And someone should make the statement that I'm going to do Toba after I do this. That's already clear. But they did say it and a lot never sent to them. And on top of that, a lot did forgive them in the end. So what do we learn from this then?

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Who do is that teach us about any sinning Allah and Toba? in general? Is the question clear?

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Clear. Okay, so now let's start very quickly.

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Okay, so let's select two people from this one one pay for this side. I think we asked you last time this is YouTube Rosie on the front. What do you think?

00:27:14--> 00:27:15

Yeah.

00:27:16--> 00:27:17

Oh my oh my god more time.

00:27:19--> 00:27:26

Yeah, that's really good. So the first thing you mentioned that Toba is very powerful. Even if it comes from a corrupt intention is always something you said

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no, no, no. So the second thing that

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Allah is most merciful The third thing we'll leave that one

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okay. And YouTube was there.

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It was most forgiven now.

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They seem sincere.

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Okay. And one pay from here this son shall anyone think the any they have some something to contribute. They think this is needs to be heard.

00:28:01--> 00:28:07

No, just kind of slipped on this brother yourself with the blue coat on you

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knew that they repent after?

00:28:12--> 00:28:13

Yes.

00:28:14--> 00:28:15

Yes.

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Now this has sidebar, which is that you know, the transcripts the help of you know, someone from another person and if that person it's up to them whether they forgive or not. Now but Toba? Here, they infringed on the right of Allah gelada which is to look after the brother which is not to any lie and all the other thing as well. Okay, good answers, Mashallah. The summary is as follows.

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Is it better my brothers and sisters for a person to say before they sin, I want to forgive me or I will ask her to forgive me or for them to say, you know what, I'm not even intending to ask Allah to forgive me. What's better?

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The first one, the second one.

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The first one, right. Even though that is wrong.

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Do you see that the evil or that is wrong, it is still better than not having an inclination or intention to make Toba. Yeah, the other thing too, Panama teaches us a lot gelada he looks into the hearts of the people. And if the person even though we're doing evil, wants to eventually change, really change. inwardly desiring it alone will help him change and are so proud Allah, Allah looked at their hearts and though they were planning on being evil, instead in their plan. And speaking of that evil, they also mentioned that they also have a desire to ask a lot of forgiveness. And Allah saw that Subhan Allah and Allah July liked that and that is why it seems that

00:30:00--> 00:30:14

I never censored what they said. I never said that what they said this is wrong. Because from one's perspective is wrong from another perspective. It is far better to be like this and say I'm going to do evil. How can I'm a hypocrite ask Allah forgive me.

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I will speak was Sharla in the lessons will take a listen inshallah Allah subhanho wa

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Taala

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al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam, Maharashtra Colombia, your Muslim, Amina Mohammed and Martha is right. Okay, so now let's move to the lessons What do we learn from this passage you'd be amazed at how many lessons to panel other scholars of the field have deduced from this passage. But before I go to the rules, the lessons one point of Tajweed here is one very unique Tajweed point here that you don't find anywhere else in the Koran is called fish, ma'am. Okay, ish, ma'am, could we mentioned this in itself, see this verse here where the brothers say Paulo,

00:31:07--> 00:31:08

like Allah,

00:31:10--> 00:31:12

the tidge, we'd rule in fact,

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doesn't impact on the way you say, Sorry, the pronunciation or the way you would hear the recite to sate. However, it is reported from the processor that when he said this word, man,

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he made a particular

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expression with his lips is like this, like a lot that men

00:31:35--> 00:32:15

use. Now that doesn't make any difference in the way that it sounds. But the person did this and therefore to be this to recite the Quran as the proxxon recite today. And so it became a juried rule that the court of law they know of, and they still continue to practice up until today, which is amazing. That's a part of law. And he put on all of it as the column was revealed to personam and the way it was recited up to an including this subtle point is preserved until now. 2014 It's amazing. Everything in this Deen perama preserved. So that's a point of this, we are

00:32:17--> 00:32:54

now discussing about jacobellis. Now we said last time that jacoba was an amazing father to his children. Allah wanted us to, you know, focus and pay attention to how he gave, you know, upbringing to his children Tobia. So we had the discussion, the advice of Yakubu, listen to us for this, we discuss some of the lessons. Now the question arises here, which is that the brothers envied us for this setup. They really didn't like him. And they told and they said, the reason why we don't like Islam is because our Father loves him more.

00:32:56--> 00:33:29

Now, this may mix on us equation, which is that why was jacoba Islam dealing with the children in this way that led them to become more envious of usefulness? And why was he you know, being showing favoritism towards useless now? And can you see this question? Why was he Why was he showing favoritism towards them when and he This is something that obviously we shouldn't be doing as, as parents. Now, looking at this verse here, sadly, I have a lot of something to say, the verse in which the brothers say Papa to Lucifer with

00:33:30--> 00:33:59

Lula Camacho, Abby Cooper, they say let's kill him or toss him to one side in order for dad's face to be brought into our attention exclusively, was interpreted by Saudi to mean that they desire the heart and the mind of yaku to be free from thinking of useless cinema and instead be thinking and you know, be be thinking about them.

00:34:00--> 00:34:05

Now, what is interesting about this particular wording, is that

00:34:07--> 00:34:13

he never said that they wanted yaku to spend more time with them.

00:34:15--> 00:34:37

Did he he never said this. He said he wanted they wanted his heart to become free of occupation, from useless love, instead, be focused on them. So what's the difference between saying, you know, we want that to spend more time with us than saying, We want dad to only think about us, or think about us more or not to think about Islam. What's the difference between the two?

00:34:41--> 00:34:43

Come on, it's not that hard question.

00:34:44--> 00:34:50

And we one word answers is not usually a good idea. What is that? What do you mean by envy?

00:34:58--> 00:35:00

They were envious of something to do.

00:35:00--> 00:35:04

With jacobellis cinema, they said that they felt that dad loved him more than them

00:35:06--> 00:35:24

established. However, on the other side, the jacobellis could be said to be blameworthy, in that some will say will be, the reason why they were envious is because dad spent more time with the other two. That was, you know, Bo, the other thing, the other two more things.

00:35:27--> 00:35:41

However, we said that the C by sathyaraj law is that they wanted dad's heart to be less preoccupied with us for Islam, and rather to be preoccupied with them, which is different than saying they wanted that spend more time with them.

00:35:42--> 00:35:43

Yes.

00:35:47--> 00:36:11

Now, but that's what we're saying. The interpretation is that they're not saying they want to spend more time with them, because he's not spending enough time with us he's spending more time with useless does not was the interpretation given by Saudi. So what is we're trying to work out? What's the difference between the two? Now absent? This is the answer that had the case being that dad was spending more time with another child over this child, and that would be unjust.

00:36:12--> 00:36:24

However, if dad thinks about his child more than that child and loves the child more than that child, is that injustice, then the process of love, I shall have the louder animal than any other wife. He did

00:36:25--> 00:36:34

is the unjust of the person No, of course, is not unjust. So in terms of behaving spending time, this is behavior.

00:36:36--> 00:36:46

This is where there needs to be an element of justice as what the heart feels, and what the mind thinks of. And that's not the same thing as it.

00:36:47--> 00:37:14

Sometimes you can't help the loved one child over the other. Now here, many schools have tipsy like him now to him, Allah said that the reason why he loved the other two more is because number one, they were younger. Your children the youngest when they're so young, and you know, they just crawling and walking and then beginning to speak, obviously you love and you feel for them more than the elder one. That's true. And also they said that the mother of these two passed away when they were young.

00:37:16--> 00:37:42

Okay, we also can say there's a third thing, which is the way you spoke to his dad, no, we spoke about that we said yeah, ability. You know, I spoke to him in such a nice, kind, affectionate, respectable way, in that he was humble as well. And he was smart, all of these things. I mean, obviously, if your child is like that you're going to feel towards them a particular way. But that's, that's the thing. It's about the way he felt, not the way he behaved with them.

00:37:43--> 00:38:23

So if you understand the like this, then there is no questioning jacobellis not being unjust to his children. Yeah, there is no questioning, you know, the process of them said, Do you know he said, what the cola or the lubaina Have not you come in how do you say he will call you Muslim? The fair line be just amongst your children. Now I would say the opposite is to imply jacoba Islam wasn't doing this, which is you can't say this, you can't say this. So this is the way that you understand this. The other thing my brothers and sisters, please listen to this. You know, once a man came to the process, Adam had these normal valuable machines are the Lord Alan, he said, You know, I got a

00:38:23--> 00:38:32

gift for my one of my children. Can you any approve of that? Can you bear witness to that the process done in one duration said did you get it for every single one of them?

00:38:33--> 00:38:43

He said no. And in that duration, he said then either you ask, get it for all of them. Or you take this one back. Here, you take this one back,

00:38:44--> 00:39:07

what we learn from this Hadith, okay, is that the football First of all, they said this gifting one child something over the other child, others harem for it is different, but all of them agree this is wrong. Okay. However, they made a distinction. There's a difference between looking after your children and meeting their needs and gifting them.

00:39:09--> 00:39:29

And I'll show you the difference. Okay. You got four children. Okay, now they're all sitting around the table having breakfast. So now you're going to pour them some cereal, and you're going to kill expose this, for example, and then you're going to say, oh, I've got more in that plate than the other one. But one is two years old one, three ones 10. you telling me that you have to fill out the bowl equally for them? Is that always saying

00:39:31--> 00:39:46

one child goes to university you're paying the tuition fees 1000s of pounds. The other child is just in secondary school. No one needs to take nine grand out on each funding on this child. So because I'm spending on that child on the process and a little bit not equal, be just

00:39:47--> 00:39:59

so how do you understand this? The only way you understand this is that there is a difference between maintaining or looking after your children and gifting them when it comes to gifting them. You need

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

To be just an equal

00:40:04--> 00:40:10

a day comes, dad's gonna give money to everyone that says, you know, you know, that's why you want to get

00:40:11--> 00:40:12

your

00:40:13--> 00:40:28

55 No, no, this is this is not right. This is gifting. Okay, this is where injustice is taking place. And this is where are they doing something haram or something mcru. But also looking after the child, one child is ill when you need to spend a lot of time,

00:40:29--> 00:41:04

money looking after this one. Because of this they need and it was based on their needs and looking after them, then that is according to their need. If they need more, you give them more as they need less to give them less. And if you give them less, it doesn't mean you're being unjust. As for gifting a need to be equal. Does this make sense? collas. Okay. Let's move on now to some of the lessons we learn from this portion. Okay, number one lesson is mentioned by Dr. Xu Rahim Allah, he said, this passage gives us an insight into bad character, and behavior.

00:41:06--> 00:41:24

He said look at, you know, the number of evil things that they did here, number one, is trying to take out a rival the perceived usefulness allowed to be a rival to them. And what they try to do is to get is to rob or try to rob the rival of their blessing.

00:41:26--> 00:41:44

Rob, the rival of the user, some is more beloved to dad. And so they thought this kid is robbed that love of him by getting rid of. On top of that, he said, This eliminating a rivals blessing was mixed with hafsat, evil,

00:41:45--> 00:42:27

evil of envy. On top of that, it was mixed with, you know, contravening going against the command of a lot to look after your, your younger sibling. You know, he said, all of these three things came together, and they show us, you know, they like an enabler. Now teaching us a lesson and you know, what bad character looks like, what kind of behavior is included in not looking at others with through the lens of rivalry, and then wanting to act on that and take out the rival rather than hating on them through envy. And then also, you know, if you've been commanded to look after them, you know, going against that commandment. So that's one thing, okay, and spanner in the very evil

00:42:27--> 00:42:30

the way they spoke about usefulness. And to think that he was above the

00:42:31--> 00:43:13

thinking of killing him and all the rest of it. The other lesson is shaped on shaytaan, strict of tober Saudi regime, Allah mentioned this point here when the brothers said, What a cool woman bad the common sign again, and after we do our evil will become, you know, righteous people. These three things that they were trying to, you know, say, number one is that they were saying to themselves, and if you're trying to justify the sin, yeah, that it's okay, we do it because we're going to do Toba afterwards. You know, it's okay, we did it. Because we're going to talk about to say, trying to justify the sin. That's one thing. The second thing is they're trying to take the edge of the sin.

00:43:13--> 00:43:16

What does that mean? Well, you know, killing someone called murder.

00:43:17--> 00:43:56

That's a terrible thing to even plan to think about doing. As tablet psychology, in order to bring yourself to do such a wrong thing. You need to, you know, encourage yourself in one way you encourage yourself as you say, it's not really that bad thing. If you look at this perspective, you know, that perspective, you know, those people that on the London riots, for example, they went through all those JD sports tours, you know, getting this leaks and all the rest of it. What did they say afterwards, either from socially deprived areas, you know, that's why they did what they did. I had to, you know, I had a bad childhood.

00:43:58--> 00:44:37

And I never had things easy, you know, for me, that's why to go rob people, really, okay. So justification, okay. And the other thing is, you're trying to take the edge of the evil it's not that evil want to do toolbar towards you know, that's another thing that we see very common. The third thing he mentioned is to build consensus. They are 10 of them, they're 10 different minds they're planning and look at the plan is so evil. And one of the ways that you know, you get everyone to agree to the plan is you encourage them. So one of the ways that they were getting them to agree is they're saying it's okay, we saw ourselves afterwards. It's so bad How can we do that?

00:44:37--> 00:44:39

It's okay don't worry after we saw

00:44:40--> 00:44:52

something that would dazzling Allah, Okay, no problem. So look at the way they spoke. And this is from the trap of Satan. And he does this with every single one of us that when when

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

a person plans on sinning, then they come up with justifications, okay? Or at least things to make it

00:45:00--> 00:45:32

Easy on their own knifes which is telling them this is wrong. Don't do this in order to make that voice, you know, go quiet, you come up with the other justifications, okay? enough amount of soup is coming the other part of the soul which encourages enticing someone's to evil. Okay, so that's another lesson. A third lesson is that not to be ruled by emotion. And here the brothers are being ruled by the emotion of anger that is so angry against us for Islam and also their father, how could it be like this towards us, not them

00:45:33--> 00:45:39

that's getting the better of them and they just thinking on emotion acting on emotion and look at the the plan that they came up with.

00:45:40--> 00:46:02

The another lesson here is the destructive nature of hazards that envy drove them to plan to take the life of their own brother Now the thing is my brother's We are the living and the other living in a in a socially deprived area, or, you know, parents that abused them, or you know, I don't know,

00:46:03--> 00:46:06

broken home? What kind of home are they living in?

00:46:08--> 00:46:09

Whose home? Is it?

00:46:10--> 00:46:57

A home of a prophet, a prophet of Allah. Imagine the influence the dad had always imagined the environment they lived in despite that, they came up with this plan to kill the brother. And he shows us how the envy can make a person forget about everything. And I can make a person forget about everything. You also mentioned that. And if you look at the first ever murder committed in mankind, by Avi, against hobby, why did he kill him? Why did murder him? Well, because it has, you know, and she upon we mentioned also that one of the two reasons why he refused to bow down to administer was hasn't properly measured, has it? In the verse of sort of DRC in

00:46:59--> 00:47:23

the illegal mirror of any other taboo shape bond here probably said, you know that what is a lie saying what is the matter with you that how can you worship shipborne who refuse to bow down out of Hazzard to your, your very father as a minister so has said you know, is the root cause of many, many evils Kufa here and also a pattern as well.

00:47:26--> 00:47:52

The next lesson so as I mentioned that here we are learning that things beget more since and I was very interesting because initial sin is that they are just envious that's already a synonym of it so to feel that envious about somebody else, then to act on it to plan to kill or to throw your brother You know, dead in the world that's another thing later another sin on top of that is having to lie Malika let

00:47:54--> 00:48:28

them come to the dad and start to make up stories Why don't you trust us dad we're gonna take him tomorrow we're gonna take him to a Mila is gonna eat drink play everything that don't worry but lying you know and those lies and the hungry more lies later on, they actually have to come back off doing the deed you have akun crying they got to force themselves to cry You know one sin leads to so many other sins and also a lot of teaching us that any sins they have consequences consequence in our era and consequences in this dunya as well.

00:48:29--> 00:48:41

Okay, the other thing is that you mentioned that we learn not all sins are equal. Who can tell me where he derived this lesson from not all things are equal.

00:48:43--> 00:49:01

Yeah, you know, at the end of this when you have these chocolates that the end of the ones that no one likes left, so say the MAS known I don't think many of you allowed the Milky Way or it gets them to them. But anyway, inshallah we'll give it to somebody. What do you think any What do you derive this lesson from? Not all sins are the same.

00:49:06--> 00:49:09

So they try to experiment from the land.

00:49:10--> 00:49:24

Okay, very good. So the fact that they considered a pattern, but then they said no, no, let's not do that let's go to something lesser, which is leaving in the world, but even leaving him in a world for dead and he's not that much better.

00:49:26--> 00:49:26

So, he

00:49:27--> 00:49:28

showed us that look,

00:49:30--> 00:49:36

sins are not the same murdering someone is not the same as you know throwing him into a well that they are different okay.

00:49:38--> 00:49:46

So, he building on top of that lesson, another principle which is that choosing the lesser of the two evils.

00:49:47--> 00:49:53

Meaning if you are in a position now please listen to this. If you are in a position where

00:49:55--> 00:49:58

evil is going to be done one way or the other is going to happen.

00:49:59--> 00:50:00

By

00:50:00--> 00:50:31

You can choose either this evil or that evil. It's going to happen. You can't say any. No, I'm not gonna have anything to do with this. No, no, it's going to happen. This one or this one. What should you do? In that case? You should choose the lesser of the two evils. Okay. in Canton Fair, I mean, if you're going to do this, to do something bad to use it, don't do the worst thing. Do the better thing. Okay, better of the two evils. Okay. Even that

00:50:32--> 00:51:12

is not a very good idea. Anyway, they, okay, can you do this lesson? The Exactly. Any questions about this? No. Okay, very good. Now, the last lesson is something mentioned about possible. Now, this is quite interesting. He said that, you know, we learned something about hazard here, which is a rank and position are a precursor to hazard notice, I mean, I have this diagram here. And he's explaining how it works. Okay, how envy builds inside the person. So he said, there are two, if you like precursors to hazard, so person is envious of.

00:51:13--> 00:51:26

Okay. First of all, how are they? How are we defining hasn't hasn't any generally agreed upon definition is that a person wishes that the blessing of another is removed?

00:51:27--> 00:51:36

This is the definition. Okay? A worst type of hazard is that the blessing is removed. And I am given it instead.

00:51:37--> 00:51:42

And sometimes even the worst type is that the blessing is rude again, and they give him something worse instead,

00:51:43--> 00:51:47

you know, levels, but the basic meaning you want a blessing removed from others.

00:51:48--> 00:52:01

Okay, how did that even reach that point? How did the person even start thinking and feeling like that? Two things came before? Yeah, do one of two things can be for number one, he said position of fame.

00:52:03--> 00:52:32

Now, he said, they call themselves verse, which is a gang, a strong group of individuals, they, you know, pride themselves in the fact that they are a sizable force, they are like a gang. Now, that's a position, right? It's a position to have, like a rank and a position. So they said, because of our position that you love us more, If dad doesn't love us more than Who does he love instead of us that one day,

00:52:33--> 00:53:19

that one day now is going to be the subject of our hazard. Yeah, that one day is going to be subject to a hazard. And this happens in workplace, for example, you know, you find that the people are in pursuit of a promotion. And the guy who can give the promotion, the boss, supervisor, manager, everyone likes to, you know, suck up to that person. Oh, so everyone's in pursuit of the position, the position is actually going to make you look at everybody else who's going for that position in a different way, right? The person who might get that position above you, what are you going to feel like towards an envious, do you see? So what can be for the hazard, the pursuit of the position, so

00:53:19--> 00:54:04

they have this mentality that we have a position How comes down on him, that envious of him. The second thing is money, you know, pursuit of money, of money, and wealth and property and all the rest of it, we know that this is something very true. So the one of the reasons why people suffer from envy is because they so wrapped up in dunya, that they can't stand How comes that person managed to get that card out? Sister, they managed to get that you need that just love something of that nature icon, or was one of those things, you know, outcomes. So she becomes envious is not the person that was first in fact, it was the dunya the love of the dunya first here, and that then made

00:54:04--> 00:54:13

them look at others in a particular way that made them envious. Then he said the consequence of envy is mucker is plotting

00:54:14--> 00:54:31

the hazard is one thing but trying to kill us It will get rid of him. That's a plot right? So the plot was the evil fruit of the hazards and the hazard was a consequence of the pursuit of position or title or fame.

00:54:34--> 00:54:59

They okay. And you know what this is side point that going back to the Yakuza to his son, you know, son, you have this amazing Greenblatt. oxysterol yakata eclectica. Don't go to new burns about this, this dream. The Dream represents a blessing. Jacobi saying don't show that blessing to people out there. Okay, especially your brothers. They're not going to like it. And that really teaches us a lesson in our times where we you know, live

00:55:00--> 00:55:45

In a culture of selfies, where people like to take selfies are not just any selfies selfies or what they're eating, what they're wearing, where they're going. Everything's they on Facebook, open up the person's profile, where he's been all the nice things he turn, things he buys and even the way he looks she looks and makeup and all the rest of it. You're just carrying out there to the public all of your blessings, all the things Allah is giving you money well, good looks all the rest of a person is doing the opposite of what Yaqoob told his son not to do which is you blessed don't go telling other people about your blessings, okay, especially those that you think will not like it,

00:55:45--> 00:56:26

they will not like it. So we should really take one lesson from just this part of the story that any person should any Be careful about the blessings and not forget about only the arrogance factor, forget about any. Yeah, the arrogance factor that comes with you know, promoting yourself and sharing other people you need, the things that you do and all the rest of it. Just look at it from preserving yourself from hazards. Here preserving yourself from hazards if you go around telling people about you know how great your life is, someone's going to hate on you. And if someone does on you, and as a result you suffer you've got no one to blame but your own self.

00:56:28--> 00:56:28

Okay.

00:56:29--> 00:56:35

They will end inshallah. Hong Kong have the answers to worry