Channel: Asim Khan
Series: Asim Khan - Thrown in a well
Thrown in a Well
(Tafseer Ibn Taymiyyah of Surah Yusuf)
Join Ustadh Asim Khan for this tafseer.
Episode 3 Verses 6-8
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salam wa shadowfell ambia mursaleen the Vienna Mohammedan Radha. He was actually married from avid cinematic martial law he Baraka to, there's brothers and sisters. And
welcome to the continuation. This is lesson three of the sort of usage
and focusing on the CEO of a multinational law.
Okay. Last week we began the actual story of useful Islam has allegedly rated it. And the first part we took is when useful Islam tells his father as a child of the stream, and then the COVID is tsunamis father begins to give him some advice and unfortunately, we we never completed that advice and that's what we complete today inshallah, verse number six will also take seven, eight, and nine is law. So let's start by reciting these verses, and then we'll open up to questions from last because we never had a chance for people to ask questions Sharla
hamina Shane banyuwangi Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim
Allah buena El Chapo Soto
hortica ki k in the in shame on
mommy Wonka learning k&n tabby cat from Boca huayuan lemo Kamiya
meta hawala eco
a bar or
bar in Banco de mon hanky
salam, Maharashtra Colombia even more sunny Nabina Muhammad in Osaka.
Okay, we will start like I said with the questions, any questions about what we discussed last week and others if I could ask everyone to come closer. And also we're gonna have another activity appear activity so you might want to think carefully where you sit because you'll be in appear and you will be asked to answer
what your answers were for that activity. Okay, so any questions?
you toss question?
Okay. This one okay. And so the two questions are we said, When useful Islam said, we've called the use of Julio be within your eye to have the Ashura Coca Cola. Okay, can refer to either stars or planets in Arabic. And we said that there is a way that some of the scholars said they can determine which meaning it leads closer to. And what they said is because the brothers are represented as stars and though as co Aki, and those stars or planets are later been shown to be those brothers doings Jude to use venison. It shows that they're more like planets than stars because planets are what revolve around stars. And in the scene at the end, they're like the ones are revolving around
someone superior, the star, which is useful restaurant. So anyway, this is one way that they said perhaps the meaning here is that they are like planets as opposed to stars because ultimately planets orbit with stars and not vice versa. Okay, the second question was, what's the evidence from the Koran that Binyamin and useless? We're brothers from another mother as opposed to the other 10 brothers.
Now, why is this question being asked? This question is being asked because we said that one of the features of this course will be that the only details will take of the story will be from the Koran and only the Quran, no external
resources, no books of history. We can't say even Kathy mentioned, though, when you heard that they were two birds of the same
A mother as opposed to the other 10.
So from the Koran, you know, is there any proof then that these two were from another mother as compared to the other 10?
Okay, so, all of them there seems to be a proof in the Quran in this surah towards the end where the brothers are in Egypt now unknowingly talking to useless Salaam, who they only perceive to be the state treasurer of Egypt and when they bring Binyamin and Binyamin is taken away from them against their will.
That useless as he is or that time says, you know, how do you explain this? We found the king's cup on your brother. What did they say?
Yesterday, further set up a whole human problem that if he stole then he's a who, who his brother stole before. What does that mean? We'll come to that later on. But the fact that they said Binyamin was useless. And even the women were brothers, and they never said, one of our brothers stole from before, in that there isn't evidence for them that they were they you know, identified as being from different mothers in the Koran. Anyway, we know this to be true from the books of history anyway. So let's begin in Sharla. One thing I forgot to mention is in the first lesson, we went through this analysis even tomorrow from Allah who discussed the words. xml parsers Arsenal parses. As we said,
Some scholars said it means that this story of uselessness is and is the best of all stories that have been tamed from Allah came and said, No, this is this is not correct from any perspective linguistically. And as well as from analyzing the Koran and the stories mission of Iran and we said if it's a map from Allah said you know the story of Musa Islam that is the greatest of all stories even though all the stories are great, the story of Musa Islam is the greatest of all the stories and we said he mentioned a statement of national law and here we have the reference so that you are arriving on law reported to have said the best story or the best ahaadeeth from the stories of the
prophets is the speech of a law regarding masala Salaam that can be found in the book that we are going through at the moment the field of Columbia assignment Tamia
page 50 in volume four, okay, so let's go to this verse now. jacoba Islam continues his advice to his son he's already told us for this episode we're gonna Aquatica this dream amazing dream don't tell your brothers about if you do they may well ended up scheming and plotting against you and also remember sun initially bought it in sunny Adobe in that shade bond is a clear cut enemy to man. The second part of the advice now is very different to the first part of the device now when you when we explain it the feet of it. I want you to think about the seed in context of a conversation happening between a father and son father advising the son think of it in that perspective and try and kind of
you know think well if that was a father, which allegedly wanted us to hear his advice what can we learn from that as far as following in his footsteps so he says to his son can then the KGB corrupt buka in that way will your master select and choose you Kevin Urlacher meaning that dream that you just told me Oh son that represents you as being honored and respected by others namely your family in that way will Allah select you choose you can allocate your budget the beaker select you which developed me to select over and above others. So his father saying in that way will allow select you over and above your brother's house? Okay, so he's telling him that that dream that you saw will
come true in our cadet nikka that is way that not just a dream will come true but that's what Allah will actually select you over and above your brothers and your mama Shogun Rahim Allah he said look from another perspective, he you know, to say that you're going to be selected is a way of praising Okay, so we're praising so he starts off by telling his Son Son, you're going to be someone special. Okay, number one, let me tell you something dedicated to because that's the way that's how Allah is going to make you special. Select you. So he's praising.
If that wasn't enough to say to his son that you're going to be special he goes on to lay on more praises as the bigger of buka while you are limo come into we will Hades and also son a second thing. This is the way also that a larger law Allah will teach you to we'll have a hadith okay that will Hadith is
A number of opinions here could be said that this is an agreement in fact that one of the main meanings of a wheel ahaadeeth is allow will teach you how to interpret dreams. And he mentioned that use of esalaam was the most qualified in interpreting dreams of all times, of all times.
Notice here how Jacobi saying you are limca a law will teach you this that will have this, which shows us that dream interpretation is not just a mystical exercise is not something that someone can learn independently, it's actually part learn science, what does that mean? It means that to interpret dreams, there is a knowledge that was once upon a time taught by Allah, Allah, Allah to somebody, and then that tradition was passed down. If you want to interpret dreams, part of interpreting a dream is to have knowledge of that knowledge. The other part of in dream interpretation is having inside wisdom, you know, it also means intuitive nature about you good
judgment, those two things come together in a person and he's able to interpret dreams, okay, part learned, and also part to do with one's own wisdom. And all this comes from a lawyer. But it's something that you can't just know by yourself. Nowadays, some learned aspect to this first opinion was a law will teach you how to interpret lives, agreed upon other opinions. Second Opinion is that a larger law Allah will teach you how to interpret Aha, these were a hadith of Hadees Hadees mean speech, what speech divine speech? So Allah gelada will teach you how to interpret or make the seat if you like, of, you know, revealed revelation, allow it to reveal things to you, or the revelation
given to me your father, or your forefathers, Ibrahim or receive revelation, that revelation alone teach you how to interpret that second opinion. Okay. And even heard Amina Shakti de Rahim Allah said, both opinions are complimentary. You know, both of these can be true at the same time, talking about interpret dreams also taught him how to interpret revelation. The third opinion is that Allah and Allah will give you knowledge and wisdom, so that you will know you know how to make good judgment calls, you know how to make good decision in your life. And we see that pattern a lot later on useful. So I'm finding himself in a in a dilemma, where he's inside the house of you know, the
Aziz, the wife of Aziz is coming after him. He's young, you know, he's just reached the age of full maturity. And this woman now is trying to incite him and seduce seduce him. Yet he makes a very good decision to abstain and to run away from that situation, we'll come to that, but they are is a young man, but he makes a good decision. You know, some scholar says that part of that we had these. So number one, because it used to be called of buka. Where you will come into we will have at what you Timonium matter who alika third thing son is Allah will complete his favor upon you. And he's a lot of crazy, right? Son, you're going to be special son, God's going to teach you how to interpret
dream son. Third thing I'll tell you is that God is going to complete his favor upon you. Now Sure, he has said Allah,
the meaning here is that Jacobi saying Allah make you into a prophet, which will give you the best
you know, best of the best of the accurate because of Allah made your profit it means Colossi Oscar is sorted. And you will be the best of all believers means your offer, assorted the best of the camera, and the best of dounia to how comes you got a loan, give you you know that station of authority later on in your life will give you you know, authority give you more, you know, when it becomes as easy later on, that's the best of the dunya right? having, you know, living any royalty having tremendous influence over people, etc. So you know what you Timonium actually means the best of dunya and after
it becomes a prophet best of Africa becomes given milk, he gets the best of dunya so that's the third thing is that thing now it's gonna, it's gonna make you into profit, but it's going to give you the best of this dunya as well. While earlier,
the outsider you know, and also because of, you know, Allah, blessing us, some your family, the Al of yaku me, your mother and your brothers who are just told you are going to plot against you. They're all going to be blessed because of you.
They're all going to be blessed because of you. And SubhanAllah. How true was that? Later on, we find that there's a drought that
takes place in Egypt and spreads all the way to Sham, which is where jacobellis Rama and his brothers are. Because of the famine, no food, they have to make their way to Egypt, Tuesday in Egypt, who helps them out using Islam, there are no that time and the NBA move and gain entry into Egypt and live, you know, live alongside us useless now, who is the Aziz in Egypt, one of the greatest empires in human history. So true were the words of Yahoo that because of you, us, we are going to be we also going to be favored, and on that so true from the story that the brothers all of the family are blessed because of him. And a lesson here that we learn on a Saturday Rahim Allah
mentioned, that when Allah blesses someone, then that blessing, many times passes on and spills over on to the people around that individual. Allah blesses this person, and those that are closest to him, his family members, his children, even his friends, they get a share of that blessing simply because they are close to him and that teaches us how to Allah, He only the benefit of having good friends, you know, good company, that maybe Allah gelato may not bless you, per se. But if you're close to someone who is blessed, you get a portion of that blessing as well. Okay, more praise was gonna bless you. And because of you, we are going to be blessed. Just like he blessed your
forefathers who are humanism and yakou. This is how they were it was set up in his house, so
useless, son of a prophet, the aku Jacobian Islam son of a prophet is how is how prophet of Allah, son of a prophet of Allah, Ibrahim alayhis, salaam, hello, man. So he's saying, son, you know, you're going to be special. God's gonna teach you so many things, you're going to be blessed, we're going to be blessed because of you. And also, you know, your forefathers, Ibrahim, and you know, it's hard to be so proud of you. You know, there'll be so proud of you. The details of seed of that, just like Allah blessed Ibrahim in his help, is that you know, his help, was saved from slaughter alone, replace him with the sheep, and that is how he was blessed. Likewise, you will also be saved
from harm's way. And Ibrahim in Islam, he was trying to find he was saved from the fiber Alon. In the same way Allah will also confer favor upon you.
Right at the end of this advice, what do you say is in Rebecca, leave on hacking. Indeed, your master is all knowing and all wise. Now the question here is, after giving him this amazing piece of advice, two part, first part is don't do things. Our morning about shape on second part is praise and lavish praise. But at the end, he selects two attributes of Allah to end the advice, number one attribute allies all.
All knowing, second attribute Allah is
all wise. So the question is, why did you choose these two attributes of Allah to complete an end his advice to his son? Why these two? What linked these two have with what was just mentioned in that advice? How do they tie up the old advice very nicely? How do we add extra meaning? Why these two attributes?
Okay, so what the brothers mentioned, Marcia, this is basically in general, this is the conclusion and that jacobellis um, selected these two attributes in order to teach you that Islam that look, Koudelka, just a beaker, this is the way that your load will choose you, and then we'll do all of this for you, is based on his supreme knowledge and his wisdom. Okay. The other perspective is that he doesn't know what's going to happen, you know, all of these things, you know, what's exactly going to happen? You know, Allah knows. Okay, that will reassure, how will it happen? How will the events unfold? How will I become like that? You know, what the plan is that to a larger law, and
he's always, you know, and that with that he consults him, we consult him as well. And
the thing is, what is amazing is that, if you look later on in the story, this is verse 100.
usefully Suriname summarizes his life when he's summarizing his life
He says what about the US and it'd be a holiday any ministry Geneva jabby community whether we mean baggy and naza shaped bottle baby ouabain equity in not be lottery fully my Asha in who will Ali mahaki he summarizes all lives that allows me so good to me, you know that you weren't here, but let's save me from prison. And he brought, you know, you and my brothers all back together again after Shea upon who you told me about in the beginning, was an enemy after he created the enmity between me and my brothers. And you know what, that you're right in? Who will Hollywood hacking the same two attributes you mentioned right at the end? You know, it's amazing. It's amazing. So what
kind of lessons do we learn from this? Number one, you know, we learn some parenting skills here. Because here that is giving advice to the Son, right? And this advice is of two parts. ladipo, Surya, garlic hortica don't tell you about about the dream. And also shaytaan Be wary about Showtime. So this is like a more. It's like an admonition, okay. It's kind of you know, giving him a stern piece of advice. And then he praises him. He doesn't just praise Him, son, Well done, well done of the dream. Really goes into details. lavish praise, and you know, it's part of law. Many times, you know, parents, they find it difficult to praise their children, you know, have you seen
this? You know, son or daughter can't do anything right in their life. And even when they when they do something and you say, you know, well, you know, son, you failed your GCSE. You managed to get C's, you know, you Brahma, you don't really well, why don't you? You graduate can't get a job. Your cousin found a job straightaway. What happened to you? What will happen there? Son never do anything, right? Even when he does do something right, so difficult to praise. The Apple Blossom had no qualms about praising his son. And when you praise lavish praise, now here's the thing. What came first disciplining the child?
And then praise? Or was it praise and then discipline the child?
This claim the child, discipline the child. So if it came around this way, discipline first and praise. Second? Is that something that we learn? Is there something that we can take from that, you know, without children in general, you know, we should do both. first lesson, don't only be on praise. And if you see this in some schools, they have this ethos where they only praise we never tell of kids.
We don't know if you come across this. Some schools have this ethos. Only praising this will never tell the kids. No, that's wrong. Okay, yeah. COVID Islam, and I gave him a strong advice gave me a lot. Just like Look, man gave you son of Marilla. And then he gave him praise, or both things are needed. But which order if you could choose the order this way around? Why not the other way around? Well imagine he praises him. He had a dream. Wow, fantastic. Allah is going to choose you and he's going to give you x y Zed. By this time sounds odd in cloud nine. And then he says bother. Don't tell your son or daughter your brothers about this. Okay? I remember she thought he's gonna
last forever. That was that? Didn't quite remember that. I know, you praise me. And obviously, I didn't I kind of never really focused on what you said afterwards. Now the first thing is he gave him strong advice, then, okay, this is the other side is though this is praise as well. And he never held back on that praise, lavish praise. There's some parenting skills that the second thing is allegedly Allah gives you the tools and ability to cope with the trials, hey, are ya useful? Islam is being told only good things.
And he's being told I'll give you the ability to interpret dreams and support Allah, the ability to interpret dreams gets him out of so much trouble, right? You know, the really turbid dreams, he interviews the dream. First, his own dream is already interpreted the very job is a dream of the two prisoners. That you know, when they both have the dreams, they will know the dreams and because he knows the dream interpretation, he realized that one of them is going to get out.
You know, and the one that gets out, he eventually comes back to him to interpret the King's dream. When he interpreted the King's dream, he gets out of prison. And on that teaches us that Allah when he puts us to trial, he gives us the resources and the strength to overcome challenges in our life. Just like he gave useful Islam. The unique strength and the ability to interpret dreams in order to overcome these challenges. Likewise is Allah grant every single one of us the strength we need to overcome challenges in our life, you know that you can live alone if the lows are low, doesn't burden any soul more than it can be. And one of the ways Allah does this is he gives us our own
calamities, and he gives us that which we need to cope with.
Those calamities that is how that calamity doesn't you know burden us more than we can be. Okay so that's another lesson.
The obvious other lesson is that some dreams that come from Allah Jolla are true just like this dream.
And we also spoke about how dream interpretation is part learned discipline and listen Baraka affect those around you.
The other major lesson out make mention of here is the impact of tarbiyah coming to a young person and the effect it has on the rest of their life here usually some given solid advice wise that you know, and the fact that that spoke to me, you know, affection for the year born a year, and son spoke to dad also with affection. Yeah, but he showed that there was a loving close relationship there plus advice impacted on useless some is such a big way. I mean, how did you say that some find it in his heart to forgive his brothers? How? How was he able to say legislative Alec when you're no blame will fall on you whatsoever today, you threw me into the bottom of a well left me for dead,
yet he still finds it is hard to forgive them How comes partly because jacobellis told him, you know, your brothers will be nasty, but then they ship on his will. Okay, they sit on his will. So the impact of telopea coming at a young age shapes the mind and the character of a person, you know, anatomy or we can translate it as, you know, development or nurturing. But the reality is that this nurturing development can come at any stage in your life, when it comes in the beginning, early stage, that's when it has the deepest impact, you know, and the longest lasting effect as well.
Okay, the other point is that some of the scholars mentioned, okay, that each of the prophets and messengers of Allah gelada had their own unique qualities and in the Quran, where Allah spoke about those messages, he focused on the unique quality
am on Islam, for example, what was his, you know, very unique quality, something like that Allah consistently highlights in his stories that he was very good at this. Very good at this thing. Just one thing.
Okay, so the brothers said, you know, the fact that he was very good at debating here, this is very good. This is the right answer that, um, La Jolla spoke about how he debated you know, with the king for bordetella de kapha, and left him completely dumped out the king of all people left him, you know, speechless. You know, and then when he argued and debated with his people later on, about the stars and the moon, in our ledger, Allah said about that reasoning till kashia tuna, that is the show job, not his Rajah have to now that is our, you know, reasoning that we gave him that, you know, ability to reason and argue that is something from us, you know, so Allah highlighted the
Jacobian is some here, one of these things that are highlighted in this surah as well as in Al Baqarah. Towards the end of the Allah spoke about how he gives a parting advice to his sons. So if you come across that right at the answer, Baccarat, you know, he says to him, Who will you worship after me, he's got all of his sons, they're all of his children. And the last thing he wants to say to them is not you know, take care of your mother. You know, make sure you set up the trust properly, distribute the money equally, you know, stay healthy. The last thing he says is, you know, who will you worship after me Subhana Allah, the last thing, the most important thing who you
worship up to me, and they say, we worship your Lord and the Lord have your full value, meaning no one other than a larger lower, again showing that in the end, the brothers reformed themselves. So the fatherhood of jacoba Islam is said to be one of the unique qualities of this amazing prophet of Allah. Okay, now, the next verse lapada kanopy usofa What if what he said to Lisa 18 in use of Annie's brothers, there are signs for every one of those who wants to ask lapada can you use Ufa? Now the thing is, when you you know, when you read the story of useful Islam when you heard it, he was the main person that you focus on.
Use it right, he says, he's a real, as you would call it, he wrote the story of Allah, Allah Allah said, look at the canopy usofa what if what he here and his brothers, they are science for those that are seeking. So algernon teaching us a number of things.
First of all, don't just focus on useless to them.
Okay, focus on the other characters in the story. Secondly, the the what you learn from the story, it contains science. So what signs exactly do does this story point to? The third thing is who exactly as you need? Who are those are asking?
Okay, who are those that are asking? Now, looking back with those that were asking about the story of useless number Who?
Who were they we mentioned right at the beginning.
According to one one view, yeah, it was a competitor's asking for store to be revealed. However, another view was mentioned first.
Not wished again now.
The Jews? Yeah, the Jews and Medina, they were asking, you know, testing, because no one knows about the story. And sacani mentioned that, you know, they came other they sent someone to ask him or the kingdom selves. And they said, you know, tell us about the story, that man from the prophets who his son was kidnapped, and he cried and ended up becoming blind out of sorrow for him. Tell us about his story. Why? Because then, you know, one in Morocco knew of that story. No one knew of that story. So they were asking about it. Allah says, you know, in this story, they are not just sign Signs for those that are asking. But in reality they never asked sincerely. So the irony is that the ones that
benefit from the story are not the ones that asked for it. Was it Arthur? I don't get anything from it. In fact, it's just an evidence against them. Okay.
Working backwards for what signs? two main things mentioned, possibly Rahim, Allah mentioned that the main, you know, signs that this story points to, is the power of a lot to do as he wishes. You know, it's amazing. The fact that he says some is goes from a well to a throne from prison to state treasurer and then being accused of Xena to this person accusing him of sinner confessing against our own self. Amazing. From here to there, Allah doing as he wishes, this story points towards the author of Allah subhanaw taala also mentioned this point, the second sign may decide it points to is the veracity of the process. Adam, how could this man doesn't know of this story in such amazing
detail? How could he have known that? You know, what's the double Baba? Or could that abuse? Oh, you know, the fact that they both ran to the door, and she tore his shirt from where from the back not from the front, such precision in relating the story will we get these details from so in this story, there is the sign that points what is rusty for he never learned it from anyone. Rather, it was revealed to him by Alon aku, Swati Guzman, because it points towards the veracity of the process. And now the first thing is
diversity means that the if you could say the authenticity, or the fact that he was a real Prophet, as opposed to a false prophet,
okay. And the other question was,
if Allah Allah Allah said, in the use of as well as his brothers, means that Allah saying learn lessons, not just from us for Islam, but from the other characters, then, who are the other who are the main characters in the story? Okay, I'll give you a hint. And then we take an activity very quickly. And that is there are four main characters in the story, and then four or five other minor characters. And from all of them, we can learn individually.
So the major characters of the story, of course, you've said Islam, then yeah, COVID Islam and then the brothers but also the wife of Aziz is spoken about in some, you know, some length in the, in the story, you know, in some length and factors. She's spoken, you know, she speaks in a number of places in the story. He's also another major character, meaning someone that we can learn a lot of lessons from a lot of lessons from minor characters than you have, you know, the prisoners. You have the caravan is you have the king and you have the disease as well. You have the disease as well, that you give us any one of the
looking glass. So the king Aziz caravan is the Aziz and King are two separate people. If you haven't heard the story,
as these King caravan is
and the caravan is, Okay, very good. So these are the characters meaning they're the ones that we should look at all
Honey throughout the story and consider what kind of lessons do we learn from them.
That can be those women of Egypt can also be considered to be one of the minor characters as well. Okay, now one major lesson before we move on to what even came out from a lot had to say, at this point of the story, locker the canopy used to for equity to decide in major lesson here, Allah said they are science for a particular category of people. Those that ask meaning that the more you ask and explore the story of usefulness some of the more you will find. And it's amazing what Allah said there are more than 1000 points of benefits, lessons and wisdom in history 1000 you know, how will you uncover them? Will you come to with an open sincere heart looking and searching and asking, then
a larger nawala will show you is okay, so that's one major lesson we learned him.
Okay, now, this verse here very quickly.
We don't have that much time.
Allah Allah says is all of us. Who have you been? I mean, no one knows but in a few ball early movies, okay. Now those brothers brothers, cut the scene cuts the brothers now, brothers are all together having a huddle, you know, a the all together and they talking amongst themselves. If
when they were having this huddle when they were having this meeting, the secret meeting, what did they say? They said, law you sufu
what who have been Amina, they said use of SRAM and his brother. That is the distinguishing the other brother, the other brother from that Mother of useful Islam. She had used Islam and Binyamin the second brother, the other brothers from the other manner, other mother having this hardware is saying, you know, use his thumb and his brother. They are more beloved
to our father than us how boo Isla. Bina Mina
is a number of linguistic points. Notice how they said la you sufu wahoo love here, given the actual set of IP, which gives emphasis. So they spoke about use. They said Nah, man, he's more beloved to our father than us. And his brothers Well, when they spoke wise, but they never said the lamb. Yeah, which means that they had real envy towards useless now, the brother is though, you know, we don't really like him that much, either. Second linguistic point is how they said it, they said they are more beloved to our father than us, instead of saying our Father loves them more than us. You know, the second way around, the kind of placing the blame on dad, right? The first way around, which is
the way they said it, they're directing the negativity and anger towards those two, those two, two are far more beloved than us.
Third linguistic fluent, one, nurse, but once we are a nurse,
Ursa means, okay, it comes from the root of asobi also be a means fanaticism. And it can also refer to a gang mentality. So they're saying, look, you know, 10 of us are super, you know, we're tough guys. You know, the gang mentality, you know, gangs, they think they're tougher. So they were tough guys, man, what's wrong with that? That loves those to those youngsters still need to have them you know, with the tough guys
won nationals by the Wow. So they saying, look, use that one especially and his brother more beloved than us whilst we are, you know, tough guys
what is what is saying?
What they expressing, expressing has jealousy, or rather envy, expressing envy towards the other half brothers useless ROM and Binyamin. And they also bringing the reasonings Well, they're trying to justify the look, the reason why dad should love us more than them is because we are more in number. And we're tougher than them. Basically, we're tough, you know, tough guys, you know, how much brains right now very much of a brain. So reasoning is not very strong. Just because you're more that you love you more is it really makes it just because you're tougher. Does she love you more? Fair enough.
Okay, now the thing is, we learn something about envy here, which is that
There's this saying dad loves them more than us. Okay?
Now they could have said, you know, Dad should love us like he loves them. Right? But on the same level, they said, Why does that love them more than US whilst we are so meaning he should love us more than them? Here, and this is the worst form of envy when someone is given a blessing, and you don't say, you know, I wish I had those sneaks, let's say, those trains. I wish I had those changes. No, I wish I had them and he didn't have them. That's worse, right? This is the type of enemy that they had. This is the worst type where you wish that their blessing Allah gave that person is robbed of him. Now he's robbed of that blessing. And instead you are given that blessing in his place, the
worst type of envy in a few Bali mubin. And then they said, you know, then they spoke badly of the tat. Apparently the guy that they want, you know, to love them, the more the most. They started saying about him bad things in abana indeed our Father feedwater is in Bala will be clear. He's clearly clearly misguided that clearly this guy doesn't know what's going on. You know, how could he possibly love them more than us? Now?
one lesson we learn here
five minutes 35 minutes interruption. One lesson we learn here is that as Schumpeter ambala mentioned there's a difference between the linguistic meaning of bilall and the religious meaning of Bara
religiously Bala means misguided, right? misguided, religiously misguided meaning that you know, of the man hedge or another religion or gone astray, going to make cetera et cetera. linguistically, it means mistaken
he doesn't know something. This is the linguistic meaning that is being employed here. Okay, they're not saying that it's a prophet of Allah he's on Bala and I misguided misguided me mistaken linguistic, you're mistaken. Okay. So here are the difference we learn between linguistic meaning of banal as well as the religious there's something that can be full also we you know, we're distinguishing between the linguistic meaning and the religious meaning a larger larger set apart for some that you know, we relate to in the best of stories in the very best way. And before this, he was Nina Who was he from?
Half in, half in in awfully those are the misguided people heedless old religiously, can refer to people that are, you know, backward religiously on another religion misguided spiritually, but linguistically, a means unaware of something that is present in reality, that is the meaning linguistically being used there, just like Bala is being used linguistically here in Sharla.
Milan Ameen salatu salam, WA, salam, ala he has been,
okay insha Allah. So this verse, verse number eight. Now we are going to take some of the analysis of cheerfully, sovereignty my own life. But before we do that, just to clarify the meaning of this verse, verse number eight, the brothers are coming together and they are having their own discussion was the discussion. The discussion is basically expressing the end the envy, the hazard against use of Islam, as well as his brother younger brother, Binyamin and what follows thereafter is that they then accused their father of being you know, mistaken in his having more love for them. And then afterwards they say, oh, to lose, you know, they declare, you know the intentions which is to do the
worst possible thing which is to kill him out or who are buying Oh, we can't kill him. let's toss him aside to another land let's get rid of him basically. So at this point, everything Allah has something to say we've translated the best to the best of our ability
to proceed analysis of even Tamia Rahim Allah, verse number eight, is called hula Yusuf who hug buoy la Vina Amina one 100 Spa in a field one early moving
use a very soon was put to trial by the end of the of his brothers towards him as can be seen from there saying truly use of and his brother Binyamin, a more beloved to our father than we while we are a strong group, really our Father is in plain error. So they envied both of them because they father preferred them over their brothers.
For this reason, jacobellis Rahm advise us with Islam against him saying, Oh my son relate not your vision to your brother's list, they should arrange a plot against you verily shaytan is to man an open enemy.
After that, they will adjust to him discussing whether they should kill him or ditch him in a world. They then sold him off according to one view as a slave to be taken to another country of disbelievers making him a slave to dispel us
here even say Morocco, just giving an oversight what happens okay, so he says they start off, you know, they envied him because they father preferred both of them over him. Now he obviously the the question to ask, you know, the accumulation of associate outstanding father, how was he being favorite, you know, showing favoritism towards some of his sons, which was making them jealous and envious of them? How he supposed to be fair to the person say, what the law How are you to Dana, Abner? He could have been saying Bihari, that fair law and be just amongst your children. How comes then, that this was the case here. We'll explain that later on. But just to know that he became a
saying, Okay, this is where it started. And then it led to more evil, the evil that led to a plan to kill him. Yeah, to kill use of audio system. And then, according to one view, not only did they instead of choosing to kill him, throwing him into Well, after they threw him into a well, they actually waited nearby. And to somebody came the caravan that they took him out and said, You can buy him he's our slave. They sold him on top of checking Manuel into slavery. Okay, that's according to one view, we'll come to that later on as well. Then, they then sold him off going to one view the slave to be taken to another country of disbelief is making him a slave to disbelief. So look at
what ended up happening. Criminal well, Solomon slave, where did he end up going? Another foreign number, any foreign land? No, no, no for non Muslims, for land of Kufa not just a foreign land of good for a foreign land of Kufa to be a slave for perform. Yeah, to be a slave or confirm. So it is showing, you know, what exactly the brothers ended up afflicting him with.
Thereafter, useful is, was then trialed after this oppression by the lady who called him to an illicit deed and attempted to seduce him, seeking help from her inner circle but use of NSR would not heal to the call, instead opted for imprisonment over the illicit deed, he chose a punishment of the dunya over the angle of Allah in this instance, his depression was brought about due to the love of someone for him based on desire and a mischievous cold.
Okay, so here now I would say my fantasies Now look, that was one trial already. The brothers had their scheming, this is what ended up happening to him. Then, after the well, another different trial, the trial of the wife disease and she tries to seduce him, okay, she tries to seduce him. Now, this other trial, you know, was another form of oppression, okay, another form oppression. But they in fact, were different. Okay? They try to describe how they were exactly different. But the fact is, they are modified him in one way to the oppression of his brothers and then tried him in another way to the oppression of the wife of Aziz. Now the main difference here is that in one is
envy in the second it's
last year in the second is a trial or not just low but more last year, elicit did he means that he said furniture, meeting the test of shadow, the test of you know, desire temptation for the opposite gender, there's another different trial compared to the first one of dealing with hassle. Okay, he said that, you know, she tried to seduce him seeking help from the inner circle meaning she actually this is quite interesting.
She doesn't actually, you know, get have be mocked by the women of Egypt. They more crunchy actually has a plan against them, which is to get them to help her in getting and seducing useful Islam. Okay, and we'll come to that later on. So she tried to seduce him, she gets help from the women of Egypt, in aiding and supporting and trying to get him to change as well. However, you said Islam, he said was unrelenting. He said, No. Yeah. And look at how he described he said he chose the punishment of the dunya over the angle of Las panatela punishment of dunya, meaning he chose prison.
Instead of doing the hot armillaria we love earning the anger of Allah, a decision was made. Either I do the deed and anger law, or I say no and end up in prison.
suffering in the dunya? No problem. As long as I avoid anger last pinata, okay, that was part of his decision making process. Now, he said at the end in this instance, his oppression was brought about due to the love of someone for him based on design mystery, this code here, a lot of it seems a bit tapered off. And I was saying, look, both trials, in fact stem from love.
Brothers, why did they envy him, because we love
woman What is she tried to plot against him because of love.
Okay, but then that love translated in two different evil ways. So the first it translated into wanting to get rid of him. As for the second it was trying to get him at all trying to get him and he will explore he'll go into this further notch on
this level loved and purely out of desire, and the only thing that would remedy that desire would be for him to accept her request. As for those haters, they hated him to the extent that they threw him in the well. And thus he became an own slave without his choice.
So here, even take him out of hand. I say, Okay, now he's comparing the two
bolstered from love. As for her, the only thing that would you know, remedy that love of the heartache is related to love for him to accept. Yeah. As for the brothers, the only thing remedied, they, you know, aching heart was to get rid of him, okay to get rid of them. And when they did, he became a slave, but out of his choice, or not out of his choice.
They either become a slave because he chose to because he didn't choose to.
He had no choice. But he ends up in slavery, through no choice of his own.
Does he end up in prison out of choice or because he doesn't, because any, he has no choice in the matter, to choice to choice. There's another difference there. Okay, out of choice. They say he said, As for those haters, they hated him to the extent they threw him in the well and thus he became an own slave without his choice. Now.
This woman, however, caused him to become a prisoner, but by his own choice and volition. And so this was, in fact a greater and tougher trial here. His patience was a patience by way of choice intertwined with taqwa, which was different to the patients who practice that was brought about through the brothers oppression. The patients who practice in this case is at the time brought about by calamities, which one has no control over. He who is not honorably patient in the face of such calamities follows the behavior of animals. The second type of patients is better for this reason, use of esalaam will later on declare that Verily, hee hoo phase Allah has duck wa and his patient,
then surely alarm it's not the reward of the mighty known to be lost, much more of fatawa volume turn page 1212122.
So this is now the conclusion.
Both trials started with love translation different ways translated in to, you know, calamities before we use wisdom, first calamity, you know, he doesn't really have a choice in he's sold into slavery out not out of his choice, you know, we're in choice. This is one type of test, a test where you got no control over no influence over. The second type of test is what you say Salaam encounter, which was a test, firstly, of shanwa as opposed to hazard, but more over the imprisonment was out of choice was out of choice. Okay. So we chose to be trialed in this way.
And that meant, that is a different type of suburb. And that suburb, in fact, has an element of taqwa.
And that is why he says that the entry is brothers. You know what, I'll tell you what I learned in my life. In the
big thing, the law you do your agile marketing that indeed whoever has
an suburb that Allah never renders in vain, the reward of the good do, say speaking about how he overcame his trauma. So this trial of the woman to say no, to temptation requires taqwa. Because God consciousness requires someone saying, oh, Allah will become angry with me if I do this. I'm going to say no to this. And then the result of it which was imprisonment he had to endure with suffer.
So suffer on the side, being slain, suffer on the side, being in prison, which suburb was greater in the eyes of the law? This is the analysis
It's clear, he said the second one. Why? Well, number one, he chose that suffering for Allah sake. And secondly, because it entailed duck walk, as well as suffer. He had duck Obama, that's why he said no, then he chose to become imprisoned. And so he endured that to suffer. And therefore, it teaches us that some that calamities or different types, calamities our country, you know, choice, you lose your job, you did nothing wrong. Someone does in your family, tough, painful, traumatic, you got a choice, not no choice. If you don't have suffer, even Taylor law said that the following the behavior of animals and our which is that any
if an animal for example, an adult for example, your have a stick in your hand, or throwing around dogs playing with you, you take the stick, and then you just throw it away somewhere out of the reach of the dog, the dog will continue to bark and walk and walk and walk and walk even though you're not going to give it to him, even though maybe you had a throw in the dustbin or something, the barking of the dog will have no effect whatsoever on for him the calamity, right? So at the very least person when he's tried with things that he has no choice in, he should be patient. And if he can't be patient, and he's like behaving like an animal. Yeah, it's like being like an animal. The
other type of calamity is a one that you do have a choice. And
they do have a choice. And he had a choice to go prison or not right? Why do you go prison, not just because you want to go to prison. So you get some street cred. Okay, you want to go prison because the only way to avoid this evil deed was to go into prison. So he chose a life of imprisonment over the haraam. And that was his choice. And so the grade of reward will be higher. And also the type of calamity was also one that he had a choice, you know, and that also is a great calamity mean if you choose to suffer for loss sake, that's greater than suffering because you've got no choice.
But the following this says here, they so that is why he says at the end, why is he known? How do they become widely known sobor and taqwa sovereign top are two key ingredients, which I use in my life to overcome these challenges. Now, just to end with one of the points, even temperament also says that, you know, these two tests have said, and shadow, as well as the other tutors, which are oppression being imprisoned. And then lastly, authority mark, being in a position of authority, they are the full, most common fitten known to man, the most common
that, you know, people that go through difficulties in life, either because of someone's hating on them envy. And that is so true, or simply because what you know, the test that they're going through is related to shadow, desire, you know, a lot of troubles coming your way just because you can't control your own desire. Or
look at the world at the moment, how many people are being oppressed in this dunya right now, how many people are going through this trial of boom, just like us as long went through them in the prison, and how many people are trying when they are given a position of authority, you know, turn into different people altogether, very oppressive and abusive just because the powers got to their heads. And these four trials, he said, the four most common trials that people experience and perhaps this is one of the reasons why people love to read about distribution as long because they can identify themselves with him in so many different ways alone. One thing I'll share with you here
is one of the, you know,
evil fruits of envy. I can make a person go crazy here you have a headline, okay. Something that took place in the 31st of March 2010. in Kuwait. What happened when Lima was taking place in a marquee? There were hundreds of people there. One woman came along and set it alight. 53 people died that day, men, women and children who was that woman, there was the first wife of that man who was getting married to a second one.
And the drove her to kill 53 people in humans you could kill all of them. And are here this is this cutout of the death sentence that was handed out to her because of, you know, murdering those 53 people. What was the root of this has
show upon our G Iblees. Why did he refuse to bow down to administer them? authority said hasn't
been happy. Why did he commit the first murder known to mankind out of jealousy hazard? So panela first murder in mankind goes back to has first Cooper in creation goes back to has, you know, and here again we see how hazard is driving these brothers to do criminal activities to kill their own
channel. They will will complete a Hispanic Long